1st Neva Infantry Regiment

The 1st General Field Marshal Count Lacy's, His Majesty King of the Hellenes' Neva Infantry Regiment (Russian: 1-й пехотный Невский генерал-фельдмаршала графа Ласси, ныне Его Величества Короля Эллинов полк) was an infantry regiment of the Russian Imperial Army. It was known by different names for much of its existence but most of its designations included "Neva Infantry Regiment." It served in several conflicts, including the Great Northern War, Seven Years' War, the Russo-Swedish War of 1808–1809, the Russo-Turkish War of 1877–78, and the Russo–Japanese War. By 1914, the 1st Neva Infantry Regiment was part of the 1st Infantry Division, and it fought in World War I before being dissolved in 1918, after the events of Russian Revolution.

1st Neva Infantry Regiment
1-й Невский пехотный полк
Pekh 1 Nevsky
Active1706–1918
Country Russian Empire
BranchRussian Empire Russian Imperial Army
RoleInfantry
Garrison/HQRoslavl
PatronPeter Lacy
AnniversariesAugust 30
Engagements

Organization

The unit was first formed in Saint Petersburg on 21 July 1706 as the "Kulikov Infantry Regiment" by order of Russian Emperor Peter the Great. On 10 April 1708 it was renamed "Neva Regiment" and in 1711 it became the "Neva Infantry Regiment".[1] On 16 August 1712 its surviving members were merged into another regiment after sustaining heavy losses during the Great Northern War (the regiment would later be disbanded in 1731). On 15 July 1713 a new Neva Regiment was created, named after the original. In 1727 it was briefly designated as the "2nd Vladimir Infantry Regiment" before being renamed "Neva" again.[2] It was reformed in 1731 and a decade later its total strength was 1,557 men. By 1753 the regiment's battalions each consisted of one grenadier and four fusilier companies, for a total strength of 2,859 men.[1]

In the mid-1750s two of its grenadier companies were reassigned to form other units. In 1762 the Neva Regiment was reformed and came to consist of 3 fusilier battalions, each of which included one grenadier and four fusilier companies. The following year it gained two new battalions, and its official strength was listed as 2,092 men during wartime and 1,880 during peacetime. On 29 November 1796 it was renamed "Neva Musketeer Regiment". On 31 October 1798 it was renamed "1st Lieutenant General Duke Volkonsky's Musketeer Regiment" and later "Lieutenant General Duke Gorchakov's" on 26 January 1800. In 1800 its numerical designation was changed to 2nd before being renamed "Neva Musketeer Regiment" on 31 March 1801. In 1811 it was renamed "Neva Infantry Regimen"t. In January 1833 the 1st naval battalion was added to the unit, and it was later renamed the "Neva Naval Regiment". In 1846 it became the "His Majesty King of Naples Regiment" before being changed back to "Neva Infantry Regiment" the following year.[1]

In April 1863 it lost three battalions which were reassigned to form the new "Neva Reserve Infantry Regiment". It was in 1867 that it first gained the name of "1st His Majesty King of the Hellenes' Infantry Regiment". In 1913 it was renamed "1st Neva Infantry Regiment". Part of the unit was transferred to form the new 221st Roslavl Infantry Regiment in August 1914, and the unit was disbanded in 1918.[1]

Combat chronicle

The regiment saw its first action during the Great Northern War, fighting in the Battle of Poltava (1709), Battle of Vyborg Bay (1711), and during a naval battle that resulted in the capture of four frigates (1719).[1] From 1716 to 1717 it took part in a 20-month march through Prussia to the shores of Sweden. The Neva Regiment took heavy losses during the conflict. In 1760, during the Seven Years' War, the regiment was decorated for taking part in the raid on Berlin. It might also have taken part in the Russo-Turkish War (1768–74) and the Russo-Swedish War (1788–90).[1][2]

In 1812 it took part in fighting the French invasion of Russia and until 1815 the regiment was fighting abroad, including at the Battle of Leipzig. The Neva Infantry Regiment later took part in crushing the January Uprising in Russian Congress Poland. It later fought in the Russo-Turkish War of 1877–78, during which the regiment's 1st battalion earned a decoration for distinguished service in battle. In 1905 the unit was deployed to Manchuria to fight in the Russo–Japanese War, but the conflict ended by the time they arrived in Harbin. Between 1907–08 the regiment took part in putting down revolutionary unrest in Voronezh. During that time all men of the unit received a marking which stated "For Accomplishment in the Turkish War of 1877 and 1878."[2]

During World War I the 1st Neva Infantry Regiment participated in the East Prussian Operation, including the Battle of Tannenberg, in 1914 and was part of the 1st Infantry Division. It saw action as part of 2nd Army, 10th Army, 5th Army, and 12th Army; on the Northwestern Front and the Northern Front. It was dissolved by the Bolsheviks in 1918 and some of its members fought for the White movement in the Russian Civil War.[2][3][4]

Rank insignia

Officers

Label Regimental rank insignia of the 1st Neva Infantry Regiment as of 1911
1911-ir001-p15 1911-ir001-p14 1880-ir001-p13 1911-ir001-p12 1911-ir001-p11 1911-ir001-p10 1911-ir001-p09 1911-ir001-p08
Shoulder board
Rank
designation
Polkovnik
(en: colonel)
Podpolkovnik
(lieutenant colonel)
Mayor
(major)
Kapitan
(captain)
Stabs-kapitan Poruchik Podporuchik Praporshchik
Rrank group Shtab-ofitsery
(en: staff officers)
Ober-ofitsery
(en: upper, superior, or higher officers)

NCOs and enlisted

Label Regimental rank insignia of the 1st Neva Infantry Regiment as of 1911
1911-ir001-p07 1911-ir001-p06 1911-ir001-p05 1911-ir001-p04 1911-ir001-p03 1911-ir001-p02 1911-ir001-p01
Shoulder board
Rank
designation
Zauryad-praporshchik Podpraporshchik Feldfebel Starshy
unter-оfitser

(en: senior NCO)
Мladshy
unter-оfitser

(en: junior NCO)
Yefeytor
(en: Private
first class)
Ryadovoy
(en: Private)
Rank group Unter-ofitsery
(en: Non-commissioned officers)
Ryadovye
(en: enlisted men)

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f "1-й пехотный Невский генерал-фельдмаршала графа Ласси, ныне Его Величества Короля Эллинов полк". Regiment.ru (in Russian). 2016. Retrieved 9 January 2017.
  2. ^ a b c d "ХРОНОЛОГИЯ СЛУЖБЫ 1-го ПЕХОТНОГО НЕВСКОГО ГЕНЕРАЛ-ФЕЛЬДМАРШАЛА ГРАФА ЛАССИ, НЫНЕ ЕГО ВЕЛИЧЕСТВА КОРОЛЯ ЭЛЛИНОВ ПОЛКА". Narod.ru (in Russian). 2016. Retrieved 9 January 2017.
  3. ^ Conrad, Mark (2001). "THE RUSSIAN ARMY, 1914". Retrieved 8 January 2017.
  4. ^ Russian Army at the Battle of Tannenberg
13th Army Corps (Russian Empire)

The 13th Army Corps was a corps of the Imperial Russian Army, formed in the 1870s. The corps fought in the Russo-Turkish War and World War I, and was disbanded with the collapse of the Imperial Russian Army after the Russian Revolution. During peacetime, it was stationed in the Moscow Military District.

1st Infantry Division (Russian Empire)

The 1st Infantry Division (Russian: 1-я пехотная дивизия, 1-ya Pekhotnaya Diviziya) was an infantry formation of the Russian Imperial Army that existed in various formations from 1811 until the end of World War I and the Russian Revolution. From at least 1903 to the end of its existence the division was based in Smolensk.

Imperial Russian Army

The Imperial Russian Army (Russian: Ру́сская импера́торская а́рмия, tr. Rússkaya imperátorskaya ármiya) was the land armed force of the Russian Empire, active from around 1721 to the Russian Revolution of 1917. In the early 1850s, the Russian army consisted of more than 900,000 regular soldiers and nearly 250,000 irregulars (mostly Cossacks).

The last living veteran of the Russian Imperial Army was Ukrainian supercentenarian Mikhail Krichevsky, who died in 2008.

Ranks and insignia of the Russian armed forces until 1917

The Imperial Russian Army (Russian: Ру́сская импера́торская а́рмия, РИА) and the Imperial Russian Navy (Russian: Российский императорский флот) used ranks and rank insignia derived from the German model. However, the entire rank system was also closely connected to the Russian military traditions. In the aftermath of the Russian Revolution, the Red Army abolished the entire Imperial system of ranks and rank insignia, while military units and formations of the opposing White movement retained the Imperial rank system until 1923.

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