The 19th Academy Awards continued a trend through the late-1940s of the Oscar voters honoring films about contemporary social issues. The Best Years of Our Lives concerns the lives of three returning veterans from three branches of military service as they adjust to life on the home front after World War II.
The Academy awarded Harold Russell—a World War II veteran who had lost both hands in the war and who, despite not being an actor, portrayed Homer Parrish in The Best Years of Our Lives—an Honorary Academy Award for "bringing hope and courage to his fellow veterans," believing he would not win the Best Supporting Actor award for which he was nominated. As it happened, he did win the competitive award, making him the only person to receive two Oscars for the same performance.
This was the first time since the 2nd Academy Awards that every category had at most 5 nominations.
|19th Academy Awards|
|Date||March 13, 1947|
|Site||Shrine Auditorium, Los Angeles, California, USA|
|Hosted by||Jack Benny|
|Best Picture||The Best Years of Our Lives|
|Most awards||The Best Years of Our Lives (7)|
|Most nominations||The Best Years of Our Lives (8)|
Winners are listed first and highlighted in boldface.
|Best Motion Picture||Best Director|
|Best Actor||Best Actress|
|Best Supporting Actor||Best Supporting Actress|
|Best Original Screenplay||Best Screenplay|
|Best Motion Picture Story|
|Best Documentary Short Subject||Best Short Subject – Cartoons|
|Best Live Action Short Subject, One-Reel||Best Live Action Short Subject, Two-Reel|
|Best Scoring of a Dramatic or Comedy Picture||Best Scoring of a Musical Picture|
|Best Original Song||Best Sound Recording|
|Best Art Direction – Interior Decoration, Black-and-White||Best Art Direction – Interior Decoration, Color|
|Best Cinematography, Black-and-White||Best Cinematography, Color|
|Best Film Editing||Best Special Effects|
These films had multiple nominations:
The following films received multiple awards.
The year 1946 in film involved some significant events.20th Academy Awards
No film received more than three awards at the 20th Academy Awards. This would not recur until the 78th Academy Awards.
Rosalind Russell was highly favored to win Best Actress her performance in Mourning Becomes Electra, but Loretta Young won instead for The Farmer's Daughter.
James Baskett received an Academy Honorary Award for his portrayal of Uncle Remus in Song of the South, which made him the first African-American man and the first Walt Disney star to win an Academy Award for acting.At age 71, Edmund Gwenn was the oldest Oscar-winner to that time. The previous oldest was Charles Coburn, who was 66 at the time of his win. In 1976, George Burns would become the oldest Oscar-winner, at age 80.4th Golden Globe Awards
The 4th Golden Globe Awards, honoring the best achievements in 1946 filmmaking, were held on 26 February 1947 at the Hollywood Roosevelt Hotel in Los Angeles, California.A Boy and His Dog (1946 film)
A Boy and His Dog is a 1946 American Technicolor short drama film directed by LeRoy Prinz. It won an Oscar at the 19th Academy Awards in 1947 for Best Short Subject (Two-Reel).Short-story author Samuel A. Derieux who died twenty-four years earlier, in 1922, received story credit for the film, suggesting to some the expectation that he wrote a work with the title "A Boy and His Dog". However, a plot summary for the film, attributed to David Glagovsky, closely parallels Derieux's short story "The Trial in Tom Belcher's Store", suggesting the film-makers drew on the published (and once celebrated) story, but gave the film a title Derieux need not ever have considered.A Stolen Life (1946 film)
A Stolen Life is a 1946 drama film starring Bette Davis, who also produced, and directed by Curtis Bernhardt. Based on the 1935 novel, "A Stolen Life" by Karel Josef Benes, which was in Czechoslovakia. The supporting cast includes Glenn Ford, Dane Clark, Peggy Knudsen, Charlie Ruggles, and Bruce Bennett (formerly "Herman Brix"). The movie is a remake of a 1939 British film Stolen Life starring Elisabeth Bergner and Michael Redgrave.
The film was nominated for Best Special Effects (William C. McGann; Special Audible Effects by Nathan Levinson) at the 19th Academy Awards but lost to Blithe Spirit.
The second time Davis played twin sisters was in Dead Ringer (1964).Anna and the King of Siam (film)
Anna and the King of Siam is a 1946 drama film directed by John Cromwell. An adaptation of the 1944 novel of the same name by Margaret Landon, it was based on the fictionalized diaries of Anna Leonowens, an Anglo-Indian woman who claimed to be British and became governess in the Royal Court of Siam (now modern Thailand) during the 1860s. Darryl F. Zanuck read Landon's book in galleys and immediately bought the film rights.
The story mainly concerns the culture clash of the Imperialist Victorian values of the British Empire with the supposedly autocratic rule of Siam's King Mongkut. The successful film starred Rex Harrison as the king and Irene Dunne as Anna. At the 19th Academy Awards ceremony, the film received two Oscars; for Best Cinematography and Best Art Direction (Lyle R. Wheeler, William S. Darling, Thomas Little, Frank E. Hughes). Also nominated were Bernard Herrmann for the score, the screenwriters and supporting actress Gale Sondergaard.
Landon's novel was later adapted by Rodgers and Hammerstein for their 1951 stage musical The King and I and subsequent 1956 film of the same name. American film director Andy Tennant remade the film in 1999 as Anna and the King with Jodie Foster and Chow Yun-fat.
The portrayal of Tuptim in Anna and the King of Siam, is considerably less sympathetic than in the musical version The King and I, as the 1946 film shows animosity between Tuptim and Anna, while the musical makes her into a romantic character. Also, Tuptim is ultimately executed cruelly by the king, following an episode in Leonowens's book, while in the musical, her fate is made ambiguous.Centennial Summer
Centennial Summer is a 1946 musical film directed by Otto Preminger. The musical, that stars Jeanne Crain and Cornel Wilde, is based on a novel by Albert E. Idell.
It was produced in response to the hugely successful 1944 MGM musical film Meet Me in St. Louis.Facing Your Danger
Facing Your Danger is a 1946 American short film. The cameraman was amateur filmmaker Edwin E. Olsen. Using a Cine-Kodak and 16mm Kodachrome film, Olsen shot the film in 1942 on a Grand Canyon river trip conducted by Norman Nevills. Another amateur cameraman on the trip was Otis R. Marston. When Olsen ran out of film, Marston, who had brought 6,000 feet of Kodachrome magazines, provided Olsen with what he needed. Olsen edited the film and sold it to Warner Brothers in 1946. Lee Anthony and Gordon Hollingshead collaborated to re-edit and shorten the film to a one reel for theater release.
Facing Your Danger won an Oscar at the 19th Academy Awards in 1947 for Best Short Subject (One-Reel). This was the first time an Academy Award went to a film shot by an amateur filmmaker using a 16mm camera.Frank E. Hughes
Frank E. Hughes (June 14, 1893 – April 26, 1947) was an American set decorator. He won an Academy Award and was nominated for another in the category Best Art Direction.Gordon E. Sawyer
Gordon E. Sawyer (27 August 1905 – 15 May 1980) was sound director at Samuel Goldwyn Productions. He won 3 Oscars for Best Sound and was nominated a further 13 times.John Henry and the Inky-Poo
John Henry and the Inky-Poo is a 1946 short animation film written and directed by George Pal using Pal's Puppetoons stop-motion style. The film is based on African American folk hero John Henry.John Henry and the Inky-Poo was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Animated Short Film for the 19th Academy Awards. In 2015, the film was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant".John P. Livadary
John Paul Livadary (born 20 May 1896, Istanbul, Turkey, died 7 April 1987, Newport Beach, California, USA ) was a sound designer.
He started work in 1928 at Columbia Pictures and won the Academy Award for Best Sound Mixing three times and was nominated another 14 times, in a career that spanned 30 years. The first Oscar was for One Night of Love (1934), the second for The Jolson Story (1946) and the third for From Here to Eternity (1953). He also won the Academy Award for Technical Achievement three times (shared twice) and the Academy Scientific and Technical Award once (shared).Life at the Zoo
Life at the Zoo (Russian: Жизнь в зоопарке, translit. Zhizn v zooparke) is a 1946 Soviet short documentary film. At the 19th Academy Awards it was nominated for Best Documentary Short.List of French films of 1945
A list of films produced in France in 1945.List of Soviet films of 1946
A list of films produced in the Soviet Union in 1946 (see 1946 in film).Ole Buttermilk Sky
"Ole Buttermilk Sky" was a big hit in 1946 for Kay Kyser and other artists. It has been covered by a multitude of artists over the years. The following year, it was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Original Song at the 19th Academy Awards.Rome, Open City
Open City or Rome, Open City (Italian: Roma città aperta) is a 1945 Italian neorealist drama film directed by Roberto Rossellini. The picture features Aldo Fabrizi, Anna Magnani and Marcello Pagliero, and is set in Rome during the Nazi occupation in 1944. The title refers to Rome being declared an open city after 14 August 1943. The film won several awards at various film festivals, including the most prestigious Cannes' Grand Prize, and was also nominated for the Best Original Screenplay Oscar at the 19th Academy Awards.Russell Shearman
Russell Shearman (died May 5, 1956) was an American special effects artist. He won a Technical Achievement Award at the 19th Academy Awards in 1946 along with the RKO Radio Studio Special Effects Dept.
for the development of a new method of simulating falling snow on motion picture sets for It's a Wonderful Life. It's a Wonderful Life won just the one Academy Award, in the Technical Achievement category for developing a new method of creating artificial snow. Before It's a Wonderful Life, fake movie snow was mostly made from cornflakes painted white and it was so loud when stepped on that any snow-filled scenes with dialogue had to be re-dubbed afterwards. RKO studio's head of special effects, Russell Sherman, developed a new compound, utilizing water, soap flakes, foamite and sugar. He won an Academy Award during the 21st Academy Awards for Best Special Effects. He won for the film Portrait of Jennie. He shared his win with Paul Eagler, Charles L. Freeman, Joseph McMillan Johnson, Clarence Slifer and James G. Stewart.Squatter's Rights (film)
Squatter's Rights is an animated short film produced in Technicolor by Walt Disney Productions and released to theaters on June 7, 1946 by RKO Radio Pictures. The cartoon is about a confrontation between Pluto and Chip and Dale who have taken up residence in Mickey Mouse's hunting shack. In 1947, it was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Animated Short Film at the 19th Academy Awards, but ultimately lost to The Cat Concerto, an MGM Tom and Jerry film, which shared one of 7 Oscars for the Tom and Jerry series.
The film was directed by Jack Hannah and features the voices of Dessie Flynn as Chip and Dale, and Pinto Colvig as Pluto. Mickey Mouse was voiced by both Walt Disney and Jimmy MacDonald making this the debut of MacDonald as Mickey. He would go on to provide Mickey's voice for over 30 years. It was also Mickey's first post-war appearance. With the exception of a very brief cameo in The Three Caballeros (1944), Mickey had not appeared in a theatrical film since Pluto and the Armadillo in 1943.