The 1999 Southeast Asian Games (Malay: Sukan Asia Tenggara 1999), officially known as the 20th Southeast Asian Games, was a Southeast Asian multi-sport event held in Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei Darussalam. This was the first time Brunei hosted the Southeast Asian Games and also in Borneo island.
The games is the last Southeast Asian Games in the 20th century and also the last in the 2nd Millennium. Around 2365 athletes from 10 participating nations participated at the games, which featured 233 events in 21 sports. Brunei is the seventh country to host the Southeast Asian Games after Thailand, Myanmar, Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia and the Philippines. The games was held from 7 to 15 August 1999, although several events had commenced from 30 July 1999. The games was opened by His Majesty Sultan Haji Hassanal Bolkiah at the National Sports Complex named after him, Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah Stadium.
The final medal tally was led by Thailand, followed by Malaysia and Indonesia with host Brunei in seventh place. Several Games and National Records were broken during the games. The games were deemed generally successful with the rising standard of competition amongst the Southeast Asian nations.
|XX Southeast Asian Games|
|Host city||Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei|
|Events||233 in 21 sports|
|Opening ceremony||7 August|
|Closing ceremony||15 August|
|Officially opened by||Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah|
Sultan of Brunei
|Athlete's Oath||Haji Md Samid Abdul Aziz|
|Torch lighter||Dayang Umi Karim|
|Ceremony venue||Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah Stadium|
|Website||1999 Southeast Asian Games|
The 20th SEA Games Organising Committee was formed to oversee the staging of the games.
The 1999 Southeast Asian Games used a mix of new, existing and temporary venues. Some major retrofitting work were done in most venues to host the multi-sport event.
At the centrepiece of the activities was the Hassanal Bolkiah Sports Complex which was completed in September 1983. Incorporating the 28,000-seat national stadium, it hosted most of the events. As Brunei have limited sports facilities, only 21 sports were held in the country.
A games village was not built. Instead, a "village in the city" concept saw athletes and officials housed in were housed in service apartment and hotels respectively across Brunei, with the former served as the games village for the athletes. Besides being physically near to the Hassanal Bolkiah Sports Complex, it was hoped that it will add vibe to the city and reduce post-games costs in converting a dedicated games village to other uses.
The 20th Southeast Asian Games had 22 venues for the games.
|Brunei||Hassanal Bolkiah National Sports Complex|
|Hassanal Bolkiah National Stadium||Athletics, Football, Billiards and Snooker, Lawn bowls, Boxing, Opening and closing ceremonies|
|Aquatic Centre||Aquatics (Swimming, Diving, Water polo)|
|Multi Purpose Hall||Pencak silat|
|University of Brunei Darussalam||Basketball|
|Gadong Police Headquarters||Boxing|
|Muara-Tutong Highway||Cycling (Individual time trial)|
|Jalan Kianggeh, Jalan Sultan, Jalan Bendahara, Jalan Cator||Cycling (criterium)|
|Youth Centre||Cycling (mass start)|
|Bukit Shahbandar Recreational Park||Cycling (Mountain Bike: Downhill, Cross-country)|
|Youth and sports complex||Football|
|Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah Sports Centre||Football|
|Pantai Mentiri Golf Club||Golf|
|Royal Brunei Airlines Sports Complex, Berakas||Karate|
|Muhibbah Hall Brunei Muara District Office, Berakas||Sepak takraw|
|Jerudong Park Trap & Skeet Range, Jerudong||Shooting|
|Menglait Sports Complex||Table tennis, Taekwondo|
|Utama Bowling Centre||Bowling|
|Water sports complex, Serasa||Traditional boat race|
The logo of the 1999 Southeast Asian Games is an image of a torch, the symbol of the Games that represents vitality, sportsmanship and tradition. The logo that is coloured in red, yellow and green symbolises the excitement of the games. The ten interlinked gold rings, the logo of the Southeast Asian Games Federation represents the participating nations of the Southeast Asian Games, and the Southeast Asian Games itself. The gold colour of the logo represents quality, achievement and victory. The games' logo is the first logo in Southeast Asian Games history to use the 10-ring chain which last until the 2011 games.
The mascot of the 1999 Southeast Asian Games is a Malay child named, Awang Budiman. His traditional Malay attire bears the colours of the Brunei Darussalam flag which symbolises the traditional cultural identity of the Sultanate. He holds a Brunei Flag which is a symbol of welcoming visitors to Brunei Darussalam. The first name Awang is a specific name of a man in the host country Brunei Darussalam, while the last name Budiman represents the wise and courteous characteristics of Brunei as the host of the games.
A song album of the games was released during the games which contains songs written by Prince Sufri Bolkiah. These include the theme song of the games: "Mencari Kejayaan" (In search for success) which was composed by Prince Haji Sufri Bolkiah and was sung by Ak Mohd Yusri. The other songs are "Here We Meet", "Selamat Datang" (Welcome), "Tekad Kemenangan" (Determined to win), "Skuad Negara" (National Squad) and "Till We Meet Again".
The opening ceremony began at 20:00 BST with the arrival of guests, Very Important Persons and Prince Haji Sufri Bolkiah, The President of the Brunei Darussalam National Olympic Council and Chairman of the 20th SEA Games Organising Committee into the stadium, the marching performance by the Royal Brunei Armed Forces and the Royal Brunei Police Force and the stage performance by local artists including Ak Mohd Yusri who performed the games' theme song, Mencari Kejayaan.
At 20:30 BST, His Majesty Paduka Sri Baginda Sultan Haji Hassanal Bolkiah Muizaddin Waddaulah, Sultan and Yang Dipertuan of Brunei Darussalam, Her Majesty Paduka Seri Baginda Raja Isteri Pengiran Anak Hajah Saleha and the members of the royal family arrived at the stadium. The armed forces bringing in the National Flag of Brunei and the National Anthem of Brunei was played as the National Flag of Brunei was raised. Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah then inspected of the guards of honour of the Armed Forces.
Later, the march past by 50 flag bearers of the SEA Games flags and Mascot started, followed by 100 flag bearers carrying the flags of all participating nations. The contingents of each country also paraded into the stadium began with the Cambodia contingent. The host Contingent, Brunei led by Crown Prince Pengiran Muda Haji Al-Muhtadee Billah, Prince Abdul Mateen, Princess Azemah Ni'Matul Bolkiah and Princess Fadzillah Lubabul Bolkiah, received the warmest welcome when they marched into the stadium.
After that, Prince Haji Sufri Bolkiah delivered his Welcoming speech and the games was then declared opened by Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah. Fathan and Ernie then performed the song Selamat Datang. Later, the Royal Armed Force personnel then marched into the stadium taking the games flag with them and raised them beside the Brunei National Flag. The 20th SEA Games cauldron was then lit by Dayang Umi Kalthum binti Haji Karim, Brunei's Gold Medalist in Pencak Silat event at the 17th SEA Games in Singapore. The reading of the SEA Games oath was led by the 15th SEA Games Gold Medalist in Shooting event, Lieutenant Colonel Dato Setia Haji Md Samid bin Haji Abdul Aziz. The ceremony concluded with field performance presented by paratroopers, five-thousand students of Brunei and three hundred Brunei Shell Employees.
The closing ceremony began at 20:00 BST with the arrival of Crown Prince at the Stadium alongside Duli Yang Teramat Mulia Paduka Seri Pengiran Bendahara Seri Maharaja Permaisuara Pengiran Muda Haji Sufri Bolkiah, President of the National Olympic Council of Brunei Darussalam and the Chairman of the 20th SEA Games Organising Committee. Also presented were other members of the Royal family.
After that, a video clip on the highlights of the 20th SEA Games was broadcast, followed by the Games Mascot performance which portrayed the images of some of the sports events during the nine days sport meet, the parade of athletes competed at the games with Yang Teramat Mulia Paduka Seri Duli Pengiran Muda Abdul Mateen, Yang Teramat Mulia Paduka Seri Duli Pengiran Anak Puteri Azeemah Niqmatul Bolkiah and Yang Teramat Mulia Paduka Seri Pengiran Anak Puteri Fadzillah Lubabul Bolkiah leading the Brunei contingent by order of sports. A song presentation entitled "Skuad Negara" composed by Duli Yang Teramat Mulia Paduka Seri Pengiran Bendahara Seri Maharaja Permaisuara Pengiran Muda Haji Sufri Bolkiah was performed by a Bruneian choir group. Duli Yang Teramat Mulia Paduka Seri Pengiran Bendahara Seri Maharaja Permaisuara Pengiran Muda Haji Sufri Bolkiah, President of the Brunei Darussalam National Olympic Council and the Chairman of the 20th SEA Games Organising Committee then gave his speech. Later, Crown Prince Pengiran Muda Haji Al-Muhtadee Billah declared the games closed.
The cauldron was later extinguished with Duli Yang Teramat Mulia Paduka Seri Pengiran Bendahara Seri Maharaja Permaisuara Pengiran Muda Haji Sufri Bolkiah, President of the National Olympic Council of Brunei Darussalam and the Chairman of the 20th SEA Games Organising Committee, handed over the SEA Games Flag to the Malaysian representative, Tunku Emran Tuanku Jaafar, President of the Malaysia Olympic Council, represented the SEA Games responsibilities being handed over to Malaysia, host of the 2001 Southeast Asian Games.
The national anthem of Malaysia was played as the National Flag of Malaysia was raised. Later, a Malaysia segment performance, "Gemilang Malaysia" was performed by members of the Sabah Cultural Board and the Sarawak Cultural Village as well as 60 students from the Bandaraya Kuching Secondary School which formed the Malaysian cultural group. The ceremony concluded with a stage performance performed by Bruneian artists.
A total of 778 medals comprising 233 Gold medals, 233 Silver medals and 312 Bronze medals were awarded to athletes, the Host Brunei's performance was their best ever yet and was placed seventh overall amongst participating nations.
Host nation (Brunei)
Host nation (Brunei)
|Totals (10 nations)||233||233||312||778|
| Southeast Asian Games
Bandar Seri Begawan
XX Southeast Asian Games (1999)
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1 formerly known as Southeast Asian Peninsular Games from 1959 until 1975. 2 Cancelled due to hosting issues and due to the Vietnam War.