1999 Southeast Asian Games

The 1999 Southeast Asian Games (Malay: Sukan Asia Tenggara 1999), officially known as the 20th Southeast Asian Games, was a Southeast Asian multi-sport event held in Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei Darussalam. This was the first time Brunei hosted the Southeast Asian Games and also in Borneo island.[1]

The games is the last Southeast Asian Games in the 20th century and also the last in the 2nd Millennium. Around 2365 athletes from 10 participating nations participated at the games, which featured 233 events in 21 sports. Brunei is the seventh country to host the Southeast Asian Games after Thailand, Myanmar, Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia and the Philippines. The games was held from 7 to 15 August 1999, although several events had commenced from 30 July 1999. The games was opened by His Majesty Sultan Haji Hassanal Bolkiah at the National Sports Complex named after him, Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah Stadium.

The final medal tally was led by Thailand, followed by Malaysia and Indonesia with host Brunei in seventh place. Several Games and National Records were broken during the games.[2] The games were deemed generally successful with the rising standard of competition amongst the Southeast Asian nations.

XX Southeast Asian Games
1999 sea games
Host cityBandar Seri Begawan, Brunei
CountryBrunei
Nations participating10
Athletes participating2365
Events233 in 21 sports
Opening ceremony7 August
Closing ceremony15 August
Officially opened bySultan Hassanal Bolkiah
Sultan of Brunei
Athlete's OathHaji Md Samid Abdul Aziz
Torch lighterDayang Umi Karim
Ceremony venueSultan Hassanal Bolkiah Stadium
Website1999 Southeast Asian Games
Jakarta 1997 Kuala Lumpur 2001  >

Development and preparation

The 20th SEA Games Organising Committee was formed to oversee the staging of the games.[3]

Venues

The 1999 Southeast Asian Games used a mix of new, existing and temporary venues. Some major retrofitting work were done in most venues to host the multi-sport event.

At the centrepiece of the activities was the Hassanal Bolkiah Sports Complex which was completed in September 1983. Incorporating the 28,000-seat national stadium, it hosted most of the events. As Brunei have limited sports facilities, only 21 sports were held in the country.

A games village was not built. Instead, a "village in the city" concept saw athletes and officials housed in were housed in service apartment and hotels respectively across Brunei, with the former served as the games village for the athletes. Besides being physically near to the Hassanal Bolkiah Sports Complex, it was hoped that it will add vibe to the city and reduce post-games costs in converting a dedicated games village to other uses.[4][5][6]

The 20th Southeast Asian Games had 22 venues for the games.[7]

Nation Competition Venue Sports
Brunei Hassanal Bolkiah National Sports Complex
Hassanal Bolkiah National Stadium Athletics, Football, Billiards and Snooker, Lawn bowls, Boxing, Opening and closing ceremonies
Aquatic Centre Aquatics (Swimming, Diving, Water polo)
Indoor Stadium Badminton
Hockey Stadium Hockey
Multi Purpose Hall Pencak silat
Squash Centre Squash
Tennis Centre Tennis
Others
University of Brunei Darussalam Basketball
Gadong Police Headquarters Boxing
Muara-Tutong Highway Cycling (Individual time trial)
Jalan Kianggeh, Jalan Sultan, Jalan Bendahara, Jalan Cator Cycling (criterium)
Youth Centre Cycling (mass start)
Bukit Shahbandar Recreational Park Cycling (Mountain Bike: Downhill, Cross-country)
Youth and sports complex Football
Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah Sports Centre Football
Pantai Mentiri Golf Club Golf
Royal Brunei Airlines Sports Complex, Berakas Karate
Muhibbah Hall Brunei Muara District Office, Berakas Sepak takraw
Jerudong Park Trap & Skeet Range, Jerudong Shooting
Menglait Sports Complex Table tennis, Taekwondo
Utama Bowling Centre Bowling
Water sports complex, Serasa Traditional boat race

Marketing

1999 sea games mascot
Awang Budiman, the child, the official mascot of the games.

The logo of the 1999 Southeast Asian Games is an image of a torch, the symbol of the Games that represents vitality, sportsmanship and tradition. The logo that is coloured in red, yellow and green symbolises the excitement of the games. The ten interlinked gold rings, the logo of the Southeast Asian Games Federation represents the participating nations of the Southeast Asian Games, and the Southeast Asian Games itself. The gold colour of the logo represents quality, achievement and victory. The games' logo is the first logo in Southeast Asian Games history to use the 10-ring chain which last until the 2011 games.

Mascot

The mascot of the 1999 Southeast Asian Games is a Malay child named, Awang Budiman. His traditional Malay attire bears the colours of the Brunei Darussalam flag which symbolises the traditional cultural identity of the Sultanate. He holds a Brunei Flag which is a symbol of welcoming visitors to Brunei Darussalam. The first name Awang is a specific name of a man in the host country Brunei Darussalam, while the last name Budiman represents the wise and courteous characteristics of Brunei as the host of the games.[8]

Songs

A song album of the games was released during the games which contains songs written by Prince Sufri Bolkiah. These include the theme song of the games: "Mencari Kejayaan" (In search for success) which was composed by Prince Haji Sufri Bolkiah and was sung by Ak Mohd Yusri. The other songs are "Here We Meet", "Selamat Datang" (Welcome), "Tekad Kemenangan" (Determined to win), "Skuad Negara" (National Squad) and "Till We Meet Again".[9][10]

Sponsors

A total of 9 sponsors sponsored the games.[11][12]

The games

Opening ceremony

1999 Southeast Asian Games opening ceremony
Opening ceremony.

The opening ceremony began at 20:00 BST with the arrival of guests, Very Important Persons and Prince Haji Sufri Bolkiah, The President of the Brunei Darussalam National Olympic Council and Chairman of the 20th SEA Games Organising Committee into the stadium, the marching performance by the Royal Brunei Armed Forces and the Royal Brunei Police Force and the stage performance by local artists including Ak Mohd Yusri who performed the games' theme song, Mencari Kejayaan.

At 20:30 BST, His Majesty Paduka Sri Baginda Sultan Haji Hassanal Bolkiah Muizaddin Waddaulah, Sultan and Yang Dipertuan of Brunei Darussalam, Her Majesty Paduka Seri Baginda Raja Isteri Pengiran Anak Hajah Saleha and the members of the royal family arrived at the stadium. The armed forces bringing in the National Flag of Brunei and the National Anthem of Brunei was played as the National Flag of Brunei was raised. Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah then inspected of the guards of honour of the Armed Forces.

Later, the march past by 50 flag bearers of the SEA Games flags and Mascot started, followed by 100 flag bearers carrying the flags of all participating nations. The contingents of each country also paraded into the stadium began with the Cambodia contingent. The host Contingent, Brunei led by Crown Prince Pengiran Muda Haji Al-Muhtadee Billah, Prince Abdul Mateen, Princess Azemah Ni'Matul Bolkiah and Princess Fadzillah Lubabul Bolkiah, received the warmest welcome when they marched into the stadium.

After that, Prince Haji Sufri Bolkiah delivered his Welcoming speech and the games was then declared opened by Sultan Hassanal Bolkiah. Fathan and Ernie then performed the song Selamat Datang. Later, the Royal Armed Force personnel then marched into the stadium taking the games flag with them and raised them beside the Brunei National Flag. The 20th SEA Games cauldron was then lit by Dayang Umi Kalthum binti Haji Karim, Brunei's Gold Medalist in Pencak Silat event at the 17th SEA Games in Singapore. The reading of the SEA Games oath was led by the 15th SEA Games Gold Medalist in Shooting event, Lieutenant Colonel Dato Setia Haji Md Samid bin Haji Abdul Aziz. The ceremony concluded with field performance presented by paratroopers, five-thousand students of Brunei and three hundred Brunei Shell Employees.[15][16]

Closing ceremony

1999 Southeast Asian Games closing ceremony
Closing ceremony.

The closing ceremony began at 20:00 BST with the arrival of Crown Prince at the Stadium alongside Duli Yang Teramat Mulia Paduka Seri Pengiran Bendahara Seri Maharaja Permaisuara Pengiran Muda Haji Sufri Bolkiah, President of the National Olympic Council of Brunei Darussalam and the Chairman of the 20th SEA Games Organising Committee. Also presented were other members of the Royal family.

After that, a video clip on the highlights of the 20th SEA Games was broadcast, followed by the Games Mascot performance which portrayed the images of some of the sports events during the nine days sport meet, the parade of athletes competed at the games with Yang Teramat Mulia Paduka Seri Duli Pengiran Muda Abdul Mateen, Yang Teramat Mulia Paduka Seri Duli Pengiran Anak Puteri Azeemah Niqmatul Bolkiah and Yang Teramat Mulia Paduka Seri Pengiran Anak Puteri Fadzillah Lubabul Bolkiah leading the Brunei contingent by order of sports. A song presentation entitled "Skuad Negara" composed by Duli Yang Teramat Mulia Paduka Seri Pengiran Bendahara Seri Maharaja Permaisuara Pengiran Muda Haji Sufri Bolkiah was performed by a Bruneian choir group. Duli Yang Teramat Mulia Paduka Seri Pengiran Bendahara Seri Maharaja Permaisuara Pengiran Muda Haji Sufri Bolkiah, President of the Brunei Darussalam National Olympic Council and the Chairman of the 20th SEA Games Organising Committee then gave his speech. Later, Crown Prince Pengiran Muda Haji Al-Muhtadee Billah declared the games closed.

The cauldron was later extinguished with Duli Yang Teramat Mulia Paduka Seri Pengiran Bendahara Seri Maharaja Permaisuara Pengiran Muda Haji Sufri Bolkiah, President of the National Olympic Council of Brunei Darussalam and the Chairman of the 20th SEA Games Organising Committee, handed over the SEA Games Flag to the Malaysian representative, Tunku Emran Tuanku Jaafar, President of the Malaysia Olympic Council, represented the SEA Games responsibilities being handed over to Malaysia, host of the 2001 Southeast Asian Games.

The national anthem of Malaysia was played as the National Flag of Malaysia was raised. Later, a Malaysia segment performance, "Gemilang Malaysia" was performed by members of the Sabah Cultural Board and the Sarawak Cultural Village as well as 60 students from the Bandaraya Kuching Secondary School which formed the Malaysian cultural group. The ceremony concluded with a stage performance performed by Bruneian artists.[17][16]

Participating nations

  •  Brunei (370)
  •  Cambodia (65)
  •  Indonesia (354)
  •  Laos (41)
  •  Thailand (361)
  •  Vietnam (174)

Sports

Medal table

A total of 778 medals comprising 233 Gold medals, 233 Silver medals and 312 Bronze medals were awarded to athletes, the Host Brunei's performance was their best ever yet and was placed seventh overall amongst participating nations.[18]

Key

  *   Host nation (Brunei)

  *   Host nation (Brunei)

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 Thailand (THA)654856169
2 Malaysia (MAS)574542144
3 Indonesia (INA)444358145
4 Singapore (SIN)23284596
5 Philippines (PHI)19274086
6 Vietnam (VIE)17202764
7 Brunei (BRU)*4123147
8 Myanmar (MYA)3101023
9 Laos (LAO)1034
10 Cambodia (CAM)0000
Totals (10 nations)233233312778

References

  1. ^ "Detik bersejarah buat Brunei (Historic moment for Brunei)". Utusan Malaysia.
  2. ^ "Broken Records at the Games". Official Website. Archived from the original on 19 February 2001.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  3. ^ "Organising Committee". Archived from the original on 2 March 2001.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  4. ^ "Games Village". 3 March 2001. Archived from the original on 3 March 2001.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  5. ^ "Accommodation". 8 February 2017. Archived from the original on 1 March 2001.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  6. ^ "Waiting for Aquino in Brunei". The Philippine Inquirer.
  7. ^ "Schedule at Official Website of the Games". Official Website. 3 March 2001. Archived from the original on 3 March 2001.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  8. ^ "Logo and mascot at the Official Website of the games". 2 March 2001. Archived from the original on 2 March 2001.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  9. ^ "Theme Song of the games in You Tube".
  10. ^ "Brunei Resources Music". Retrieved 25 January 2017.
  11. ^ "Sponsors". Official Website. Archived from the original on 27 November 1999.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  12. ^ "Royal Brunei Airlines Boeing 767 SEA Games 1999".
  13. ^ "Brunei Stamps".
  14. ^ "20th SEA Games Prepaid Card".
  15. ^ "Opening Ceremony". 3 March 2001. Archived from the original on 3 March 2001.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  16. ^ a b "Opening and closing ceremony". Archived from the original on 28 November 1999.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  17. ^ "Closing ceremony". Official Website. 4 December 2001. Archived from the original on 4 December 2000. Retrieved 26 January 2017.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  18. ^ "Medal Tally at the official website". 28 November 1999. Archived from the original on 28 November 1999.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)

External links

Preceded by
Jakarta
Southeast Asian Games
Bandar Seri Begawan

XX Southeast Asian Games (1999)
Succeeded by
Kuala Lumpur
Ahmad Shahrul Azhar Sofian

Ahmad Shahrul Azhar Sofian (born 24 October 1974) is a Malaysian former footballer best known for his time with Perak, where he was team captain and wore the number 7 jersey. He was a central midfielder.

Aquatics at the 1999 Southeast Asian Games

Aquatics at the 1999 Southeast Asian Games included swimming, diving and water polo events. The three sports of aquatics were held at Hassanal Bolkiah Aquatics Center in Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei Darussalam. Aquatics events was held between 8 August to 13 August.

Badminton at the 1999 Southeast Asian Games

A badminton tournament was held at the 1999 Southeast Asian Games in Hassanal Bolkiah Sports Complex, Bandar Seri Begawan from 8 to 14 August 1999. Both men and women competed in their own team, singles, and doubles events and together they competed in a mixed doubles event.

Choketawee Promrut

Choketawee Promrut (Thai: โชคทวี พรหมรัตน์; born 16 March 1975) is a Thai football manager and former footballer. He is currently the head coach of the Thailand U-23 team. Choketawee was a member of Thailand players from 1997 until 2005, he also served as captain for Thailand in the 2004 AFC Asian Cup. In 2015, as head coach he led Thailand U23 to the 2015 Southeast Asian Games champions.

Chor Hooi Yee

Chor Hooi Yee (born 4 May 1979) is a Malaysian former badminton player. Chor was the women's doubles silver medalist at the 1998 Commonwealth Games in Kuala Lumpur partnered with Lim Pek Siah, also helped the team reached the final and clinched the silver medal. Teamed-up with Chew Choon Eng in the mixed doubles, they claimed the gold medal at the 1999 Southeast Asian Games in Brunei. She previously left the Badminton Association of Malaysia due to nagging injuries and her studies in 2001, and in 2004 she made a comeback to the national squad. Chor educated business in HELP University. She now works as an executive committee member of Cheras club.

Football at the 1999 Southeast Asian Games

Football at the 1999 Southeast Asian Games took place in Brunei between 30 July and 14 August 1999. It was the last men's football tournament of the Southeast Asian Games to be played without an age limit.

Football at the 1999 Southeast Asian Games – Men's team squads

Below are the squads for the Football at the 1999 Southeast Asian Games, hosted by Philippine, which took place between 1 and 14 December 1999.

Haslah Hassan

Haslah Haji Hassan is a Malaysian lawn bowls international and national coach.Hassan won a bronze medal in the Women's fours at the Commonwealth Games in Kuala Lumpur with Siti Zalina Ahmad, Nor Azwa Mohamed Di and Nor Hashimah Ismail. She also won a gold medal at the 1999 Southeast Asian Games in the fours and coached the elite women's Malaysian national team from 2009.

Kiatisuk Senamuang

Police Lieutenant Kiatisuk "Zico" Senamuang (Thai: เกียรติศักดิ์ เสนาเมือง, born 11 August 1973 in Udon Thani), is a Thai football manager and a former footballer who played between 1989 and October 2007. During his eighteen-year career Kiatisuk played as a striker and scored 251 goals in 339 appearances. The former striker played for clubs in Malaysia, Singapore, England and Vietnam as well as in his homeland. Kiatisuk also earned 131 caps and scored 70 goals for Thailand between 1992 and 2007. In 1996, while playing for Raj Pracha FC Kiatisuk scored 127 goals in 71 games, achieving an (unrecognised) record as top scorer.

Between 2014 and 2017, Kiatisuk was manager of the Thai senior team and, (2013 - 2016), the Thailand U-23 team. Previously, in 2013, he had also been the caretaker manager of Thailand.Kiatisuk has a Bachelor of Business Administration from Dhurakij Pundit University and Master of Business Administration from Chandrakasem Rajabhat University.

List of Bruneian records in athletics

The following are the national records in athletics in Brunei maintained by Brunei's national athletics federation: Brunei Darussalam Athletics Association (BDAA).

List of Philippines national football team hat-tricks

The following are players who has scored three or more goals in a match (hat-trick) in an international match against a national side for the Philippine national football team. The latest hat-trick for the national team was made by Mark Hartmann in a friendly against Papua New Guinea in October 12, 2014. Hat-tricks conceded by the Philippines to opposing national teams along with the scorer is also listed here.

Malaysia at the 1999 Southeast Asian Games

Malaysia competed in the 1999 Southeast Asian Games held in Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei from 7 to 15 August 1999.

Nor Azwa Mohamed Di

Nor Azwa Mohamed Di is a Malaysian lawn bowls international.Nor won a bronze medal in the Women's fours at the Commonwealth Games in Kuala Lumpur with Siti Zalina Ahmad, Haslah Hassan and Nor Hashimah Ismail.She also won a gold medal at the 1999 Southeast Asian Games in the fours.

Philippines at the 1999 Southeast Asian Games

The Philippines participated at the 1999 Southeast Asian Games held in Brunei from August 7-15, 1999.

Tennis at the 1999 Southeast Asian Games

Tennis at the 1999 Southeast Asian Games was held in Hassanal Bolkiah National Stadium Tennis Court, Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei Darussalam from 8 to 14 August 1999 Tennis had team, doubles, and singles events for men and women, as well as a mixed doubles competition.

Tesana Panvisvas

Tesana Panvisvas (เทศนา พันธ์วิศวาส; born 14 March 1978) is a male badminton player from Thailand. He competed at the 2000 and 2004 Olympic Games. In 2002 Asian Games, and won the men's doubles silver with Pramote Teerawiwatana.

He and Teerawiwatana also won the men's doubles gold at the 1999 Southeast Asian Games.

Thailand national football team results (1990-99)

This article lists the results for the Thailand national football team between 1990 and 1999.

Only record the results that affect the FIFA/Coca-Cola World Ranking. See FIFA 'A' matches criteria.

Thanunchai Baribarn

Thanunchai Baribarn (Thai: ธนัญชัย บริบาล, born October 3, 1972) is a Thai retired professional footballer who played as a Midfielder for the Thailand national team from 1999-2002, in various tournaments such as the 1999 Southeast Asian Games, the 2000 King's cup and the Asian Cup in 2000 and 2002. He scored 6 goals for the national team.

Đặng Phương Nam

Đặng Phương Nam is a retired Vietnamese footballer who played for Thể Công. He has been a member of the Vietnam national football team since 1996 to 2007. He is noted for his performances at the 1996, 2000, 2002, and 2006 Tiger Cups even though Vietnam was defeated at the group stage.

Events at the 1999 Southeast Asian Games (Bandar Seri Begawan)
Nations at the 1999 Southeast Asian Games in Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei
Games

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