1999 NFL season

The 1999 NFL season was the 80th regular season of the National Football League. The Cleveland Browns returned to the field for the first time since the 1995 season, while the Tennessee Oilers changed their name to "Tennessee Titans," with the league retiring the name “Oilers.”

The return of the Browns increased the number of teams to 31, the first time the league had played with an odd number of teams since 1966. This required the NFL to give at least one team a bye each week; previously, barring extreme circumstances, a club never received a bye during the first two weeks or last seven weeks of the season.

Under a new system, for ten weeks of the season (Week #1, Week #2 and Week #10 to Week #17), one team received a bye, and for seven weeks of the season (Week #3 to Week #9), three teams received a bye. This format would continue until the Houston Texans joined the NFL in 2002, returning the league to an even number of teams.

The start of the 1999 NFL Season was pushed back one week and started the weekend after Labor Day, a change from the previous seasons: due to the Y2K concerns, the NFL did not want to hold the opening round of the playoffs on Saturday January 1, 2000, and did not want teams traveling on that day.

Week 17 games were held on January 2, 2000, and the opening round of the playoffs would be scheduled for January 8 and 9, with the bye week before the Super Bowl removed to accommodate the one-week adjustment. The start of the season after Labor Day would become a regular fixture for future seasons, beginning in 2001.

The final spot in the NFC playoffs came down to an exciting final day of the season. The Green Bay Packers and Carolina Panthers were both at 7–8, tied for the last spot in the playoffs with the Dallas Cowboys and tied in other tiebreakers. The Packers/Panthers tie would be broken by best net point differential in conference games. With both the Packers and Panthers playing at 1:00 PM Eastern on January 2, the two teams tried to outscore the other. The Packers beat the Arizona Cardinals 49–24, and the Panthers beat the New Orleans Saints 45–13, with the result that the Packers finished ahead of the Panthers by 11 points. Nevertheless, Dallas defeated the New York Giants later that night to claim the final playoff spot.

The St. Louis Rams, who had had losing records for each of the past nine seasons dating back to their first tenure in Los Angeles (and had finished in last place in their division the previous season), surprised the entire league by defeating the Tennessee Titans 23–16 in Super Bowl XXXIV at the Georgia Dome.

1999 National Football League season
Regular season
DurationSeptember 12, 1999 – January 3, 2000
Start dateJanuary 8, 2000
AFC ChampionsTennessee Titans
NFC ChampionsSt. Louis Rams
Super Bowl XXXIV
DateJanuary 30, 2000
SiteGeorgia Dome, Atlanta, Georgia
ChampionsSt. Louis Rams
Pro Bowl
DateFebruary 6, 2000
SiteAloha Stadium
Photo of the Green Bay vs. Denver preseason game at Camp Randall Stadium on August 23, 1999

Major rule changes

  • Clipping became illegal around the line of scrimmage just as it was on the rest of the field.
  • A new instant replay system (different from the one used from 1986 to 1991) is adopted to aid officiating. The system mirrors a method used by the defunct USFL in 1985:
    • In each game, each team has two challenge flags that can be thrown to start an official review of the play in question. Each challenge will require the use of a team's timeout. If the challenge is successful, the timeout is restored.
    • Inside of two minutes of each half, and during all overtime periods, all reviews will be initiated by a Replay Assistant. The Replay Assistant has an unlimited number of reviews, regardless of how many timeouts each team has left. And no timeout will be charged for any review by the Replay Assistant.
    • All replay reviews will be conducted by the referee on a field-level monitor. A decision will be reversed only when there is indisputable visual evidence to overturn the call. The referee has 90 seconds to review the play.
    • The officials will be notified of a replay request or challenge via a specialized electronic pager with a vibrating alert. Each head coach would also have a red flag to use as a backup to get the attention of the officials to challenge a play.
    • The replay system will only cover the following situations:
      • Scoring plays
      • Pass complete/incomplete/intercepted
      • Runner/receiver out of bounds
      • Recovery of a loose ball in or out of bounds
      • Touching of a forward pass, either by an ineligible receiver or a defensive player
      • Quarterback pass or fumble
      • Illegal forward pass
      • Forward or backward pass
      • Runner ruled not down by contact
      • Forward progress in regard to a first down
      • Touching of a kick
      • Too many men on the field

The league also added the following then-minor rule change that became significant in the playoffs a few years later:

When a Team A player is holding the ball to pass it forward, any intentional forward movement of his hand starts a forward pass, even if the player loses possession of the ball as he is attempting to tuck it back toward his body. Also, if the player has tucked the ball into his body and then loses possession, it is a fumble.[1]

This new interpretation of a forward pass would later be commonly known as the “Tuck Rule”, and was repealed in 2013.

Referee changes

Jerry Markbreit retired prior to the 1999 season. He joined the NFL in 1976 as a line judge before being promoted to the referee in just his second year. To date, he is the only NFL referee to officiate four Super Bowl games: Super Bowl XVII, Super Bowl XXI, Super Bowl XXVI, and Super Bowl XXIX. Jeff Triplette was promoted to referee to replace Markbreit.

Coaching changes

Stadium changes

New uniforms

  • Baltimore Ravens – New Raven head logo on helmets.
  • Detroit Lions – Altered sleeve striping. Pants color for road uniforms changed from Honolulu blue back to gray.
  • New Orleans Saints – Black numbers on road uniforms and added black pants with a wide gold stripe to road uniforms.
  • Tennessee Titans – New nickname (from “Oilers” to “Titans”), new logo, new uniforms.

Final regular season standings

AFC East
(2) Indianapolis Colts 13 3 0 .813 423 333 L1
(5) Buffalo Bills 11 5 0 .688 320 229 W3
(6) Miami Dolphins 9 7 0 .563 326 336 L2
New York Jets 8 8 0 .500 308 309 W4
New England Patriots 8 8 0 .500 299 284 W1
AFC Central
(1) Jacksonville Jaguars 14 2 0 .875 396 217 W1
(4) Tennessee Titans 13 3 0 .813 392 324 W4
Baltimore Ravens 8 8 0 .500 324 277 L1
Pittsburgh Steelers 6 10 0 .375 317 320 L1
Cincinnati Bengals 4 12 0 .250 283 460 L2
Cleveland Browns 2 14 0 .125 217 437 L6
AFC West
(3) Seattle Seahawks 9 7 0 .563 338 298 L1
Kansas City Chiefs 9 7 0 .563 390 322 L2
San Diego Chargers 8 8 0 .500 269 316 W2
Oakland Raiders 8 8 0 .500 390 329 W1
Denver Broncos 6 10 0 .375 314 318 L1
NFC East
(3) Washington Redskins 10 6 0 .625 443 377 W2
(5) Dallas Cowboys 8 8 0 .500 352 276 W1
New York Giants 7 9 0 .438 299 358 L3
Arizona Cardinals 6 10 0 .375 245 382 L4
Philadelphia Eagles 5 11 0 .313 272 357 W2
NFC Central
(2) Tampa Bay Buccaneers 11 5 0 .688 270 235 W2
(4) Minnesota Vikings 10 6 0 .625 399 335 W3
(6) Detroit Lions 8 8 0 .500 322 323 L4
Green Bay Packers 8 8 0 .500 357 341 W1
Chicago Bears 6 10 0 .375 272 341 L2
NFC West
(1) St. Louis Rams 13 3 0 .813 526 242 L1
Carolina Panthers 8 8 0 .500 421 381 W1
Atlanta Falcons 5 11 0 .313 285 380 W2
San Francisco 49ers 4 12 0 .250 295 453 L3
New Orleans Saints 3 13 0 .188 260 434 L1


  • Miami was the third AFC Wild Card ahead of Kansas City based on better record against common opponents (6–1 to Chiefs’ 5–3).
  • N.Y. Jets finished ahead of New England in the AFC East based on better division record (4–4 to Patriots’ 2–6).
  • Seattle finished ahead of Kansas City in the AFC West based on head-to-head sweep (2–0).
  • San Diego finished ahead of Oakland in the AFC West based on better division record (5–3 to Raiders’ 3–5).
  • Dallas was the second NFC Wild Card based on better record against common opponents (4–2 to Lions’ 3–3) and better conference record than Carolina (7–5 to Panthers’ 6–6).
  • Detroit was the third NFC Wild Card based on better conference record than Green Bay (7–5 to Packers’ 6–6) and head-to-head victory over Carolina.


Jan. 8 – FedExField   Jan. 15 – Raymond James Stadium          
 6  Detroit  13
 3  Washington  13
 3  Washington  27     Jan. 23 – Trans World Dome
 2  Tampa Bay  14  
Jan. 9 – Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome  2  Tampa Bay  6
Jan. 16 – Trans World Dome
   1  St. Louis  11  
 5  Dallas  10 NFC Championship
 4  Minnesota  37
 4  Minnesota  27   Jan. 30 – Georgia Dome
 1  St. Louis  49  
Wild card playoffs  
Divisional playoffs
Jan. 8 – Adelphia Coliseum  N1  St. Louis  23
Jan. 16 – RCA Dome
   A4  Tennessee  16
 5  Buffalo  16 Super Bowl XXXIV
 4  Tennessee  19
 4  Tennessee  22     Jan. 23 – Alltel Stadium
 2  Indianapolis  16  
Jan. 9 – Kingdome  4  Tennessee  33
Jan. 15 – Alltel Stadium
   1  Jacksonville  14  
 6  Miami  20 AFC Championship
 6  Miami  7
 3  Seattle  17  
 1  Jacksonville  62  

Statistical leaders


Points scored St. Louis Rams (526)
Total yards gained St. Louis Rams (6,412)
Yards rushing San Francisco 49ers (2,095)
Yards passing St. Louis Rams (4,353)
Fewest points allowed Jacksonville Jaguars (217)
Fewest total yards allowed Buffalo Bills (4,045)
Fewest rushing yards allowed St. Louis Rams (1,189)
Fewest passing yards allowed Buffalo Bills (2,675)


Scoring Mike Vanderjagt, Indianapolis (145 points)
Touchdowns Stephen Davis, Washington and Edgerrin James, Indianapolis (17 TDs)
Most field goals made Olindo Mare, Miami (39 FGs)
Rushing Edgerrin James, Indianapolis (1,553 yards)
Passing Kurt Warner, St. Louis (109.2 rating)
Passing touchdowns Kurt Warner, St. Louis (41 TDs)
Pass receiving Jimmy Smith, Jacksonville (116 catches)
Pass receiving yards Marvin Harrison, Indianapolis (1,663)
Punt returns Charlie Rogers, Seattle (14.5 average yards)
Kickoff returns Tony Horne, St. Louis (29.7 average yards)
Interceptions Rod Woodson, Baltimore; Sam Madison, Miami; James Hasty, Kansas City; Donnie Abraham, Tampa Bay; and Troy Vincent, Philadelphia (7)
Punting Tom Rouen, Denver (46.5 average yards)
Sacks Kevin Carter, St. Louis (17)


Most Valuable Player Kurt Warner, Quarterback, St. Louis
Coach of the Year Dick Vermeil, St. Louis
Offensive Player of the Year Marshall Faulk, Running back, St. Louis
Defensive Player of the Year Warren Sapp, Defensive Tackle, Tampa Bay
Offensive Rookie of the Year Edgerrin James, Running Back, Indianapolis
Defensive Rookie of the Year Jevon Kearse, Defensive End, Tennessee
NFL Comeback Player of the Year Bryant Young, Defensive Tackle, San Francisco
Walter Payton NFL Man of the Year Cris Carter, Wide Receiver, Minnesota
Super Bowl Most Valuable Player Kurt Warner, Quarterback, St. Louis


The 1999 NFL Draft was held from April 17 to 18, 1999 at New York City's Theater at Madison Square Garden. With the first pick, the Cleveland Browns selected quarterback Tim Couch from the University of Kentucky.

External links


  1. ^ Official Rules of the NFL, Rule 3, Section 21, Article 2, Note 2
  • NFL Record and Fact Book (ISBN 1-932994-36-X)
  • NFL History 1991–2000 (Last accessed October 17, 2005)
  • Total Football: The Official Encyclopedia of the National Football League (ISBN 0-06-270174-6)
  • Steelers Fever – History of NFL Rules (Last accessed October 17, 2005)
  • NFL introduces Instant Replay technology (Last accessed November 4, 2005)
  • Tuck Rule Hard to Grasp by Mark Maske, Washington Post, October 15, 2005 (Last accessed November 4, 2005)
1992 NFL season

The 1992 NFL season was the 73rd regular season of the National Football League.

Due to the damage caused by Hurricane Andrew, the New England Patriots at Miami Dolphins game that was scheduled for September 6 at Joe Robbie Stadium was rescheduled to October 18. Both teams originally had that weekend off. This marked the first time since the 1966 NFL season and the AFL seasons of 1966 and 1967 that there were byes in week 1; in those years, byes were necessary every week since there were an odd number of teams, which would happen again between 1999 and 2001. The Tampa Bay Buccaneers and Dolphins also had their 2017 season opener postponed due to Hurricane Irma.

The Atlanta Falcons played their first season in the new Georgia Dome, replacing Atlanta–Fulton County Stadium, playing there until 2016.

The season ended with Super Bowl XXVII when the Dallas Cowboys defeated the Buffalo Bills 52–17 at the Rose Bowl. This would be the third of the Bills’ four consecutive Super Bowl losses.

1999 Seattle Seahawks season

The 1999 Seattle Seahawks season was the franchise's 24th season in the National Football League, the last playing their home games at the Kingdome and the first under head coach Mike Holmgren. It was also the first season that Seattle made the playoffs in eleven seasons. (It would be Seattle's last playoff appearance until 2003.)

Carl Paganelli

Carl Paganelli is an American football official in the National Football League (NFL) since the 1999 NFL season, who wears uniform number 124. As an umpire, Paganelli is notable for working two Super Bowls, Super Bowl XXXIX and Super Bowl XLI, in a span of three years. He officiated his third Super Bowl game, Super Bowl XLVI, in Indianapolis, and was chosen to officiate Super Bowl XLVIII in East Rutherford, New Jersey. He has two brothers who officiate in the NFL, Dino Paganelli and Perry Paganelli; they are both back judges. Carl Paganelli and Perry Paganelli became the first set of brothers to be part of the same officiating crew when they officiated Super Bowl XLI together. Carl Paganelli is a member of the Arena Football Hall of Fame.

For the 2017 NFL season, Paganelli will serve on the officiating crew headed by NFL referee Walt Anderson.

Charles Fisher (American football)

Charles Fisher (born February 2, 1976) is a former American football cornerback and was also a scout for the Seattle Seahawks. He was drafted by the Cincinnati Bengals in the second round of the 1999 NFL Draft. He played college football at West Virginia.

Chris Brymer

Christopher Brymer (born November 29, 1974) is a retired American football guard.

Damon Gibson

Damon O'Keith Gibson is a former professional football player of the National Football League. He played four years in the league, 1998 with the Cincinnati Bengals 1999 NFL season with the Cleveland Browns 2001 with the Jacksonville Jaguars and the 2002 NFL season with both Jacksonville Jaguars & Atlanta Falcons. He was released by the Jaguars two days after he fumbled a punt return that led to the Indianapolis Colts winning by 3 points. He played for the Los Angeles Xtreme in the XFL in 2001.He was used primarily on special teams, as he had a 65-yard touchdown return in his first game for the Bengals. He had 218 punt return yards on 27 returns in his rookie year.

Devin Wyman

Devin Edward Wyman (born August 29, 1973) is a former American football player. On March 30, 2015, he was named head coach for the Texas Revolution of the Champions Indoor Football league.

Eric Barton

Eric Barton (born September 29, 1977) is a former American football linebacker who played for twelve seasons in the National Football League. He played college football at Maryland before he was drafted by the Oakland Raiders in the fifth round of the 1999 NFL Draft. He played for the Raiders from 1999–2003, the New York Jets from 2004–2008, and the Cleveland Browns from 2009–2010.

José Cortez

José Antonio Cortez (born May 27, 1975) is a former American football placekicker. Cortez played for twelve different teams in four different leagues from 1999 until 2005. He is distinguished as being the first Salvadoran to play in the National Football League.

Kevin Greene (American football)

Kevin Darwin Greene (born July 31, 1962) is a former American football linebacker who played in the National Football League (NFL) for 15 years. Greene retired after the 1999 NFL season and ranks third amongst all-time sack leaders, leading the NFL twice in that category. He was a three-time All-Pro, was voted to the National Football League 1990s All-Decade Team, and was elected to the Pro Football Hall of Fame in 2016.

Kevin Mitchell (linebacker)

Kevin Danyelle Mitchell (January 1, 1971 – April 30, 2007) was an American football linebacker in the National Football League from Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. He played for the San Francisco 49ers, the New Orleans Saints, and the Washington Redskins.

Leroy Hoard

Leroy J. Hoard (born May 15, 1968) is a former American football player.

Hoard played professional football as a running back in the National Football League (NFL) for 10 seasons for the Cleveland Browns from 1990 to 1995 and the Minnesota Vikings from 1996 to 1999. He also played briefly for the Carolina Panthers (three games) and Baltimore Ravens (two games) during the 1996 NFL season. In a 10-year NFL career, Hoard appeared in 144 games, totaled 3,964 rushing yards and 2,430 receiving yards and scored 51 touchdowns.

Hoard also played college football as a fullback and tailback for the University of Michigan from 1987 to 1989. After rushing for 146 yards and two touchdowns against USC, he was selected as the most valuable player in the 1989 Rose Bowl. Hoard gained 1,706 rushing yards on 314 carries (5.4 yards per carry), caught 30 passes for 199 yards, and scored 19 touchdowns at Michigan.

List of Monday Night Football results (1990–2009)

Beginning in the 1970 NFL season, the National Football League began scheduling a weekly regular season game on Monday night before a national television audience. From 1970–2005, the ABC television network carried these games, with the ESPN cable television network taking over beginning in September 2006. Listed below are games played from 1990 to 2009.

Madden NFL 2000

Madden NFL 2000 (also known as Madden 2000) is a football video game. This was the second of the Madden NFL games to not solely feature John Madden on the cover in North America. The only other one was Madden NFL '95. Most versions of the game cover featured Madden prominently in the foreground, and a recognizable Barry Sanders in a background action graphic. The European PAL edition features only Dorsey Levens on the cover.

The video at the introduction on the CD-ROM versions of the game is an unnamed track by rapper Ludacris. It was the first Madden game to be released for the Game Boy Color. It was also the first Madden game to be released on both PC and Mac.

The Green Bay Packers had the best team overall in the game with a score of 94. The worst team in the game was the Cleveland Browns with a score of 68, although the Philadelphia Eagles were close to being worse, with a rating of 72. The best offense in the game belongs to the Denver Broncos with a score of 97. The best defense in the game belongs to the Miami Dolphins with a score of 96. The best special teams in the game belongs to both the Buffalo Bills and Atlanta Falcons with a score of 97. A limited number of players or their names can now be either created or edited as modified rosters.

NFL Quarterback Club 99

NFL Quarterback Club '99 released in November 1998, developed by Iguana Entertainment and published by Acclaim Entertainment for Nintendo 64, is one of the first sports games to work with the Expansion Pak. The game features the ability to replay past Super Bowls and provides historical descriptions of them. NFL Quarterback Club '99 delivers all 31 teams and 3D rendered stadiums (the Cleveland Browns can only be accessed by using a cheat code). 1,500 players are featured in the game with over 250 motion-capture animations. Players, along with teams, uniforms, coaches, and playbooks can also be created and used in game. Play-by-play is handled by Randy Cross and Mike Patrick while the artificial intelligence was developed by coach Charlie Weis.

The graphics of the game are high resolution, with the optional expansion pak and rumble pak. The expansion pak only makes replays longer and slightly improves overall performance.

Ray Lucas

Ray Lucas (born August 6, 1972) is a former American football quarterback in the National Football League. He played for three teams, the New England Patriots, New York Jets, Miami Dolphins during his seven-year career from 1996 to 2002. He is currently a studio analyst for the show Jets Nation on New York City-based sports network SportsNet New York.

Rod Payne

Rod Payne (born June 14, 1974) is a former professional American football center who was drafted by the Cincinnati Bengals of the National Football League (NFL). He is also a former All-American center who played for the University of Michigan Michigan Wolverines football team from 1993 to 1996. He won a Super Bowl with the 2000 Baltimore Ravens. He became a high school football coach and was named the 2007 South Florida Sun-Sentinel Class 3A-2A-1A Coach of the Year. In March 2009, Payne was announced as the Defensive Line Coach for Florida Atlantic University, marking his first foray into coaching at the collegiate level. After leaving Florida Atlantic, Payne was named the Head Football Coach at Spanish River High School in Boca Raton, Florida. Payne stepped down from his position as coach of Spanish River High School after a losing season of 0-10 and now is a personal fitness trainer at The Facility for Personal Training in Boca Raton, Florida

Rodney Artmore

Rodney Dwayne Artmore (born June 14, 1974 in Galveston, Texas.) is a former defensive back in the National Football League.

Stephen Davis (American football)

Stephen Lamont Davis (born March 1, 1974) is a former American football running back who played 11 seasons in the National Football League (NFL).

1999 NFL season
Early era
Modern era

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