The 1998 FIFA World Cup was the 16th FIFA World Cup, the world championship for men's national association football teams. It was held in France from 10 June to 12 July 1998. The country was chosen as the host nation by FIFA for the second time in the history of the tournament, defeating Morocco in the bidding process. It was the second time that France staged the competition (the first was in 1938) and the ninth time that it was held in Europe. It was the first World Cup to be held under the presidency of Sepp Blatter.
Qualification for the finals began in March 1996 and concluded in November 1997. For the first time in the competition, the group stage was expanded from 24 teams to 32, with eight groups of four. 64 matches were played in 10 stadiums in 10 host cities, with the opening match and final staged at the Stade de France, Saint-Denis.
The tournament was won by host country France, who beat defending champions Brazil 3–0 in the final. France won their first title, becoming the seventh nation to win a World Cup, and the sixth (after Uruguay, Italy, England, West Germany and Argentina) to win the tournament on home soil. Croatia, Jamaica, Japan and South Africa made their first appearances in the finals.
|1998 FIFA World Cup|
|Coupe du Monde – France 98|
1998 FIFA World Cup official logo
|Dates||10 June – 12 July|
|Teams||32 (from 5 confederations)|
|Venue(s)||10 (in 10 host cities)|
|Champions||France (1st title)|
|Goals scored||171 (2.67 per match)|
|Attendance||2,784,687 (43,511 per match)|
|Top scorer(s)||Davor Šuker (6 goals)|
|Best young player||Michael Owen|
|Best goalkeeper||Fabien Barthez|
|Fair play award|| England |
France was awarded the 1998 World Cup on 2 July 1992 by the executive committee of FIFA during a general meeting in Zürich, Switzerland. They defeated Morocco by 12 votes to 7. Switzerland withdrew, due to being unable to meet FIFA's requirements. This made France the third country to host two World Cups, after Mexico and Italy in 1986 and 1990 respectively. France previously hosted the third edition of the World Cup in 1938. England, who hosted the competition in 1966 and won it, were among the original applicants, but later withdrew their application in favour of an ultimately successful bid to host UEFA Euro 1996.
On 4 June 2015, while co-operating with the FBI and the Swiss authorities, Chuck Blazer confirmed that he and other members of FIFA's executive committee were bribed during the 1998 and 2010 World Cups host selection process. Blazer stated that "we facilitated bribes in conjunction with the selection of the host nation for the 1998 World Cup". Since France won the selection process it was initially thought the bribery came from its bid committee. It eventually transpired that the bribe payment was from the failed Moroccan bid.
The qualification draw for the 1998 World Cup finals took place in the Musée du Louvre, Paris on 12 December 1995. As tournament hosts, France was exempt from the draw as was defending champion Brazil. 174 teams from six confederations participated, 24 more than in the previous round. Fourteen countries qualified from the European zone (in addition to hosts France). Ten were determined after group play - nine group winners and the best second-placed team; the other eight group runners-up were drawn into pairs of four play-off matches with the winners qualifying for the finals as well. CONMEBOL (South America) and CAF (Africa) were each given five spots in the final tournament, while three spots were contested between 30 CONCACAF members in the North and Central America and the Caribbean zone. The winner of the Oceanian zone advanced to an intercontinental play-off against the runner-up of the Asian play-off, determined by the two best second placed teams.
Four nations qualified for the first time: Croatia, Jamaica, Japan and South Africa. The last team to qualify was Iran by virtue of beating Australia in a two-legged tie on 29 November 1997. This was Team Melli's first appearance in the finals since 1978, the last time Tunisia also qualified for the tournament. Chile qualified for the first time since 1982, after serving a ban that saw them miss out on the two previous tournaments. Paraguay and Denmark returned for the first time since 1986. Austria, England, Scotland and Yugoslavia returned after missing out on the 1994 tournament, with the Balkan team now appearing under the name of FR Yugoslavia. Among the teams who failed to qualify were two-time winners Uruguay (for the second successive tournament); Sweden, who finished third in 1994; Russia (who failed to qualify for the first time since 1978 after losing to Italy in the play-off round); and the Republic of Ireland, who had qualified for the previous two tournaments. As of 2018, this is the most recent time Austria, Scotland, Norway, Bulgaria, Romania, and Jamaica have qualified for a FIFA World Cup finals, as well as the last time Portugal missed out. The highest ranked team not to qualify was Czech Republic (ranked 3rd), while the lowest ranked team that did qualify was Nigeria (ranked 74th).
The following 32 teams, shown with final pre-tournament rankings, qualified for the final tournament.
France's bid to host the World Cup centered on a national stadium with 80,000 seats and nine other stadiums located across the country. When the finals were originally awarded in July 1992, none of the regional club grounds were of a capacity meeting FIFA's requirements – namely being able to safely seat 40,000. The proposed national stadium, colloquially referred to as the 'Grand stade' met with controversy at every stage of planning; the stadium's location was determined by politics, finance and national symbolism. As Mayor of Paris, Jacques Chirac successfully negotiated a deal with Prime Minister Édouard Balladur to bring the Stade de France – as it was named now, to the commune of Saint-Denis just north of the capital city. Construction on the stadium started in December 1995 and was completed after 26 months of work in November 1997 at a cost of ₣2.67 billion.
The choice of stadium locations was drafted from an original list of 14 cities. FIFA and CFO monitored the progress and quality of preparations, culminating in the former providing final checks of the grounds weeks before the tournament commenced. Montpellier was the surprise inclusion from the final list of cities because of its low urban hierarchy in comparison to Strasbourg, who boasted a better hierarchy and success from its local football team, having been taken over by a consortium. Montpellier however was considered ambitious by the selecting panel to host World Cup matches. The local city and regional authories in particular had invested heavily into football the previous two decades and were able to measure economic effects, in terms of jobs as early as in 1997. Some of the venues used for this tournament were also used for the previous World Cup in France in 1938. The Stade Vélodrome in Marseille, the Stade Municipal in Toulouse, the Gerland in Lyon, the Parc Lescure in Bordeaux and the Parc des Princes in Paris received the honour of hosting World Cup matches once again in 1998 as they had all done in 1938.
10 stadiums in total were used for the finals; in addition to nine matches being played at the Stade de France (the most used stadium in the tournament), a further six matches took place in Paris Saint-Germain's Parc des Princes, bringing Paris's total matches hosted to 15. France played four of their seven matches in the national stadium; they also played in the country's second and third largest cities, Marseille (hosting 7 total matches) and Lyon (hosting 6 total matches), as well as a Round of 16 knockout match in the northern city of Lens (also hosting 6 total matches). Nantes, Toulouse, Bordeaux, Montpellier and Saint-Etienne also hosted 6 matches in total; all of the stadiums used also hosted knockout round matches.
|Stade de France||Stade Vélodrome||Parc des Princes||Stade de Gerland|
|Capacity: 80,000||Capacity: 60,000||Capacity: 48,875||Capacity: 44,000|
|Stade de la Beaujoire|
|Stadium de Toulouse||Stade Geoffroy-Guichard||Parc Lescure||Stade de la Mosson|
|Capacity: 37,000||Capacity: 36,000||Capacity: 35,200||Capacity: 34,000|
This was the first World Cup where fourth officials used electronic boards, instead of cardboard.
34 referees and 33 assistants officiated in the 1998 World Cup. As a result of the extension to 32 teams in the finals, there was an increase of 10 referees and 11 officials from the 1994 World Cup.
|Pot A||Pot B||Pot C||Pot D|
As with the preceding tournament, each team's squad for the 1998 World Cup finals consisted of 22 players. Each participating national association had to confirm their final 22-player squad by 1 June 1998.
Out of the 704 players participating in the 1998 World Cup, 447 were signed up with a European club; 90 in Asia, 67 in South America, 61 in Northern and Central America and 37 in Africa. 75 played their club football in England – five more than Italy and Spain. Barcelona of Spain was the club contributing to the most players in the tournament with 13 players on their side.
The average age of all teams was 27 years, 8 months – five months older than the previous tournament. Samuel Eto'o of Cameroon was the youngest player selected in the competition at 17 years, 3 months, while the oldest was Jim Leighton of Scotland at 39 years, 11 months.
All times are Central European Summer Time (UTC+2)
Defending champions Brazil won Group A after only two matches as the nation achieved victories over Scotland (2–1) and Morocco (3–0). Heading into the third game, Brazil had nothing to play for but still started its regulars against Norway, who was looking to upset Brazil once again. Needing a victory, Norway overturned a 1–0 deficit with 12 minutes remaining to defeat Brazil 2–1, with Kjetil Rekdal scoring the winning penalty to send Norway into the knockout stage for the first time.
Norway's victory denied Morocco a chance at the Round of 16, despite winning 3–0 against Scotland. It was only Morocco's second ever victory at a World Cup, having recorded its only previous win 12 years earlier on 11 June 1986.
Scotland managed only one point, coming in a 1–1 draw against Norway, and failed to get out of the first round for an eighth time in the FIFA World Cup, a record that stands to this date.
|1||Brazil||3||2||0||1||6||3||+3||6||Advance to knockout stage|
|10 June 1998|
|Brazil||2–1||Scotland||Stade de France, Saint-Denis|
|Morocco||2–2||Norway||Stade de la Mosson, Montpellier|
|16 June 1998|
|Scotland||1–1||Norway||Parc Lescure, Bordeaux|
|Brazil||3–0||Morocco||Stade de la Beaujoire, Nantes|
|23 June 1998|
|Brazil||1–2||Norway||Stade Vélodrome, Marseille|
|Scotland||0–3||Morocco||Stade Geoffroy-Guichard, Saint-Étienne|
Italy and Chile progressed to the second round, while Austria failed to score any win for the first time since 1958 and Cameroon failed to get out of the group stage for the second time in a row.
|1||Italy||3||2||1||0||7||3||+4||7||Advance to knockout stage|
|11 June 1998|
|Italy||2–2||Chile||Parc Lescure, Bordeaux|
|Cameroon||1–1||Austria||Stade de Toulouse, Toulouse|
|17 June 1998|
|Chile||1–1||Austria||Stade Geoffroy-Guichard, Saint-Étienne|
|Italy||3–0||Cameroon||Stade de la Mosson, Montpellier|
|23 June 1998|
|Italy||2–1||Austria||Stade de France, Saint-Denis|
|Chile||1–1||Cameroon||Stade de la Beaujoire, Nantes|
France, the host nation, swept Group C when the start of their path to their first FIFA World Cup trophy culminated with their 2–1 win over Denmark, who despite their loss, progressed to the second round.
|1||France (H)||3||3||0||0||9||1||+8||9||Advance to knockout stage|
|12 June 1998|
|Saudi Arabia||0–1||Denmark||Stade Félix-Bollaert, Lens|
|France||3–0||South Africa||Stade Vélodrome, Marseille|
|18 June 1998|
|South Africa||1–1||Denmark||Stade de Toulouse, Toulouse|
|France||4–0||Saudi Arabia||Stade de France, Saint-Denis|
|24 June 1998|
|France||2–1||Denmark||Stade de Gerland, Lyon|
|South Africa||2–2||Saudi Arabia||Parc Lescure, Bordeaux|
Nigeria and Paraguay advanced to the Round of 16 after a surprise elimination of top seed Spain, while Bulgaria failed to repeat their surprise performance from the previous tournament.
|1||Nigeria||3||2||0||1||5||5||0||6||Advance to knockout stage|
|12 June 1998|
|Paraguay||0–0||Bulgaria||Stade de la Mosson, Montpellier|
|13 June 1998|
|Spain||2–3||Nigeria||Stade de la Beaujoire, Nantes|
|19 June 1998|
|Nigeria||1–0||Bulgaria||Parc des Princes, Paris|
|Spain||0–0||Paraguay||Stade Geoffroy-Guichard, Saint-Étienne|
|24 June 1998|
|Nigeria||1–3||Paraguay||Stade de Toulouse, Toulouse|
|Spain||6–1||Bulgaria||Stade Félix-Bollaert, Lens|
The Netherlands and Mexico advanced with the same record (The Netherlands placed first on goal difference); Belgium and eventual 2002 FIFA World Cup co-hosts South Korea failed to advance.
|1||Netherlands||3||1||2||0||7||2||+5||5||Advance to knockout stage|
|13 June 1998|
|South Korea||1–3||Mexico||Stade de Gerland, Lyon|
|Netherlands||0–0||Belgium||Stade de France, Saint-Denis|
|20 June 1998|
|Belgium||2–2||Mexico||Parc Lescure, Bordeaux|
|Netherlands||5–0||South Korea||Stade Vélodrome, Marseille|
|25 June 1998|
|Netherlands||2–2||Mexico||Stade Geoffroy-Guichard, Saint-Étienne|
|Belgium||1–1||South Korea||Parc des Princes, Paris|
Germany and the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia advanced, each with 7 points (Germany took 1st through goal differential tiebreak). Iran and 1994 host United States failed to advance.
|1||Germany||3||2||1||0||6||2||+4||7||Advance to knockout stage|
|14 June 1998|
|Yugoslavia||1–0||Iran||Stade Geoffroy-Guichard, Saint-Étienne|
|15 June 1998|
|Germany||2–0||United States||Parc des Princes, Paris|
|21 June 1998|
|Germany||2–2||Yugoslavia||Stade Félix-Bollaert, Lens|
|United States||1–2||Iran||Stade de Gerland, Lyon|
|25 June 1998|
|United States||0–1||Yugoslavia||Stade de la Beaujoire, Nantes|
|Germany||2–0||Iran||Stade de la Mosson, Montpellier|
Romania and England became Group G top finishers as Colombia and Tunisia were unable to reach the last 16, despite Colombia having one win.
|1||Romania||3||2||1||0||4||2||+2||7||Advance to knockout stage|
|15 June 1998|
|England||2–0||Tunisia||Stade Vélodrome, Marseille|
|Romania||1–0||Colombia||Stade de Gerland, Lyon|
|22 June 1998|
|Colombia||1–0||Tunisia||Stade de la Mosson, Montpellier|
|Romania||2–1||England||Stade de Toulouse, Toulouse|
|26 June 1998|
|Colombia||0–2||England||Stade Félix-Bollaert, Lens|
|Romania||1–1||Tunisia||Stade de France, Saint-Denis|
Argentina and World Cup debutants Croatia finished at the top of Group H while Jamaica (another debutant) and 2002 FIFA World Cup co-hosts Japan (another debutant) failed to advance.
|1||Argentina||3||3||0||0||7||0||+7||9||Advance to knockout stage|
|14 June 1998|
|Argentina||1–0||Japan||Stade de Toulouse, Toulouse|
|Jamaica||1–3||Croatia||Stade Félix-Bollaert, Lens|
|20 June 1998|
|Japan||0–1||Croatia||Stade de la Beaujoire, Nantes|
|21 June 1998|
|Argentina||5–0||Jamaica||Parc des Princes, Paris|
|26 June 1998|
|Argentina||1–0||Croatia||Parc Lescure, Bordeaux|
|Japan||1–2||Jamaica||Stade de Gerland, Lyon|
The knockout stage comprised the 16 teams that advanced from the group stage of the tournament. For each game in the knockout stage, any draw at 90 minutes was followed by 30 minutes of extra time; if scores were still level, there was a penalty shoot-out to determine who progressed to the next round. Golden goal comes into play if a team scores during extra time, thus becoming the winner which concludes the game.
|Round of 16||Quarter-finals||Semi-finals||Final|
|27 June – Paris|
|3 July – Nantes|
|28 June – Saint-Denis|
|7 July – Marseille|
|Brazil (p)||1 (4)|
|29 June – Toulouse|
|4 July – Marseille|
|30 June – Saint-Étienne|
|Argentina (p)||2 (4)|
|12 July – Saint-Denis|
|27 June – Marseille|
|3 July – Saint-Denis|
|28 June – Lens|
|France (p)||0 (4)|
|8 July – Saint-Denis|
|29 June – Montpellier|
|4 July – Lyon||11 July – Paris|
|30 June – Bordeaux|
|César Sampaio 11', 27'
Ronaldo 45+1' (pen.), 70'
|Babangida 78'||Report||Møller 3'
B. Laudrup 12'
|Report||Šuker 45+2' (pen.)|
|Batistuta 6' (pen.)
|Report||Shearer 10' (pen.)
Rivaldo 27', 60'
B. Laudrup 50'
|Ronaldo 46'||Report||Kluivert 87'|
|4–2|| F. de Boer
R. de Boer
|Thuram 47', 69'||Report||Šuker 46'|
|Zenden 21'||Report||Prosinečki 13'
The final was held on 12 July 1998 at the Stade de France, Saint-Denis. France defeated holders Brazil 3–0, with two goals from Zinedine Zidane and a stoppage time strike from Emmanuel Petit. The win gave France their first World Cup title, becoming the sixth national team after Uruguay, Italy, England, West Germany and Argentina to win the tournament on their home soil. They also inflicted the second-heaviest World Cup defeat on Brazil, later to be topped by Brazil's 7–1 defeat by Germany in the semi-finals of the 2014 FIFA World Cup.
The pre-match build up was dominated by the omission of Brazilian striker Ronaldo from the starting lineup only to be reinstated 45 minutes before kick-off. He managed to create the first open chance for Brazil in the 22nd minute, dribbling past defender Thuram before sending a cross out on the left side that goalkeeper Fabien Barthez struggled to hold onto. France however took the lead after Brazilian defender Roberto Carlos conceded a corner from which Zidane scored via a header. Three minutes before half-time, Zidane scored his second goal of the match, similarly another header from a corner. The tournament hosts went down to ten men in the 68th minute as Marcel Desailly was sent off for a second bookable offence. Brazil reacted to this by making an attacking substitution and although they applied pressure France sealed the win with a third goal: substitute Patrick Vieira set up his club teammate Petit in a counterattack to shoot low past goalkeeper Cláudio Taffarel.
French president Jacques Chirac was in attendance to congratulate and commiserate the winners and runners-up respectively after the match. Several days after the victory, winning manager Aimé Jacquet announced his resignation from the French team with immediate effect.
|Report||Zidane 27', 45+1'
Davor Šuker received the Golden Boot for scoring six goals. In total, 171 goals were scored by 112 players:
|Golden Ball Award||Golden Shoe Award||Yashin Award||FIFA Fair Play Trophy||Most Entertaining Team|
|Ronaldo||Davor Šuker||Fabien Barthez|| England
The All-star team is a squad consisting of the 16 most impressive players at the 1998 World Cup, as selected by FIFA's Technical Study Group.
After the tournament, FIFA published a ranking of all teams that competed in the 1998 World Cup finals based on progress in the competition and overall results.
|Eliminated in the quarter-finals|
|Eliminated in the round of 16|
|Eliminated in the group stage|
The official mascot was Footix, a rooster first presented in May 1996. It was created by graphic designer Fabrice Pialot and selected from a shortlist of five mascots. Research carried out about the choice of having a cockerel as a mascot was greatly received: 91% associated it immediately with France, the traditional symbol of the nation. Footix, the name chosen by French television viewers, is a portmanteau of "football" and the ending "-ix" from the popular Astérix comic strip. The mascot's colours reflect those of the host nation's flag and home strip – blue for the jump suit, a red crest and with the words 'France 98' coloured in white.
The match ball for the 1998 World Cup, manufactured by Adidas was named the Tricolore, meaning 'three-coloured' in French. It was the eighth World Cup match ball made for the tournament by the German company and was the first in the series to be multi-coloured. The tricolour flag and cockerel, traditional symbols of France were used as inspiration for the design.
|FIFA World Cup sponsors||France Supporters|
The absence of Budweiser (which was one of the sponsors in the previous two World Cups) is notable due to the Evin law, which forbids alcohol-related sponsorship in France, including in sports events (and thus, being replaced by Casio).
FIFA, through several companies, sold the broadcasting rights for the 1998 FIFA World Cup to many broadcasters. In the UK BBC and ITV had the broadcasting rights. The pictures and audio of the competition were supplied to the TV and radio channels by the company TVRS 98, the broadcaster of the tournament.
The World Cup matches were broadcast in 200 countries. 818 photographers were credited for the tournament. In every match, a stand was reserved for the press. The number of places granted to them reached its maximum in the final, when 1,750 reporters and 110 TV commentators were present in the stand.
In most of the world, the official video game was, World Cup 98 released by EA Sports on 13 March 1998 for Microsoft Windows, PlayStation, Nintendo 64 and the Game Boy. It was the first international football game developed by Electronic Arts since obtaining the rights from FIFA in 1997 and received mostly favourable reviews.
In Japan, Konami was granted the FIFA World Cup licence and produced two distinct video games: Jikkyou World Soccer: World Cup France 98 by KCEO for the Nintendo 64, and World Soccer Jikkyou Winning Eleven 3: World Cup France '98 by KCET for the PlayStation. These games were released in the rest of the world as International Superstar Soccer '98 and International Superstar Soccer Pro '98, without the official FIFA World Cup licence, branding or real player names.
Many other video games, including World League Soccer 98, Actua Soccer 2 and Neo Geo Cup '98: The Road to the Victory were released in the buildup to the 1998 World Cup and evidently were based on the tournament. FIFA: Road to World Cup 98, also by EA Sports focused on the qualification stage.
Honorary FIFA President João Havelange praised France's hosting of the World Cup, describing the tournament as one that would "remain with me forever, as I am sure they will remain with everyone who witnessed this unforgettable competition". Lennart Johansson, the chairman of the organising committee for the World Cup and President of UEFA added that France provided "subject matter of a quality that made the world hold its breath".
The 1998 FIFA World Cup Final was a football match that was played on 12 July 1998 at the Stade de France in Saint-Denis to determine the winner of the 1998 FIFA World Cup. The final was contested by Brazil, who were the defending champions having won the previous FIFA World Cup four years earlier in 1994, and the host nation France, who had reached the final of the tournament for the first time.
France won the match 3–0 to claim the World Cup for the first time, with the timing of the match two days before Bastille Day adding to the significance of the victory. Zinedine Zidane, who was named man of the match, scored twice before half-time and Emmanuel Petit added a third goal in the last minute. The match had an attendance in the region of 75,000.On their way to the final, defending champions Brazil, coached by their former player Mário Zagallo, recorded victories over Scotland (2–1) and Morocco (3–0) to top their group with six points from three matches, suffering a surprise 2–1 defeat at the hands of Norway in their final group game. After a 4–1 win over Chile and a 3–2 success against Denmark, they reached the final with a penalty shoot-out victory over the Netherlands. As for France, they won their three group matches and defeated Paraguay in the knockout stages on golden goals. They had a penalty shoot-out with Italy in the quarter-finals, and defeated recently formed Croatia to reach the final.
The match also saw speculation on the condition of the Brazilian striker Ronaldo, who suffered a convulsive fit on the eve of the match.
After initially being left out of the team sheet, in spite of his physical state, it was announced just 72 minutes before kick-off that he was going to play. In the match, he sustained an injury in a clash with French goalkeeper Fabien Barthez. Although it was believed that the decision to play Ronaldo had backfired, it was understandable as the player had been a crucial member of the side throughout the tournament, having scored four goals and created three more.France followed up their victory by qualifying for and winning UEFA Euro 2000 held in the Netherlands and Belgium. Brazil took the Copa America title in 1999, and then won the next FIFA World Cup in Japan and South Korea in 2002. Ronaldo went on to set the record for goals in World Cups, which was later broken by Miroslav Klose of Germany in the 2014 FIFA World Cup. Blanc and Deschamps both later had spells as manager of the France national team, with Deschamps leading them to a second World Cup title almost exactly 20 years later in the 2018 World Cup in Russia, making him only the third man to have won the World Cup as both player and manager after Zagallo and Germany's Franz Beckenbauer. Many of the French players who won the 1998 World Cup and Euro 2000 are also part of the France 98 charity association, with Deschamps as president and Jacquet as coach for charity matches and testimonials.
For Brazil, this marked only the second time that they had lost a World Cup final, following their 2–1 upset loss to Uruguay in the de facto final of the 1950 FIFA World Cup, nicknamed the Maracanazo in Brazil. The 3–0 scoreline was also Brazil's previous largest loss at any World Cup match prior to their 7–1 loss to Germany in the 2014 FIFA World Cup semi-final in Belo Horizonte.1998 FIFA World Cup Group G
At the 1998 FIFA World Cup, the 32 teams were divided into eight groups of four, labelled A–H. The four teams in Group G were England, Romania, Colombia and Tunisia. With wins in their first two games against Colombia and England, followed by a draw against Tunisia, Romania won the group and qualified for the round of 16. England and Colombia were level on points before they played each other in their final match, each having defeated Tunisia and lost to Romania. England, with a better goal difference, only required a draw to advance. They won the match to take the second qualifying place.1998 FIFA World Cup broadcasting rights
FIFA, through several companies, sold the rights for the broadcast of the 1998 FIFA World Cup to the following broadcasters.1998 FIFA World Cup knockout stage
The 1998 FIFA World Cup knockout stage covers the games from the second round through to the final at the 1998 FIFA World Cup in France. The top two teams from each of the eight groups qualified for the knockout stage. Teams played one game against each other, with the possibility of extra time and penalties if a winner could not be determined after 90 minutes.1998 FIFA World Cup qualification
The 1998 FIFA World Cup qualification competition was a series of tournaments organised by the six FIFA confederations. Each confederation — the AFC (Asia), CAF (Africa), CONCACAF (North, Central America and Caribbean), CONMEBOL (South America), OFC (Oceania), and UEFA (Europe) — was allocated a certain number of the 32 places at the tournament. A total of 174 teams entered the 1998 FIFA World Cup qualification rounds, competing for a total of 32 spots in the final tournament. The 1998 FIFA World Cup featured 32 teams, with two places reserved for France and Brazil as host nation and defending champions, respectively. The remaining 30 places were determined by a qualification process, in which the other 174 teams, from the six FIFA confederations, competed.1998 FIFA World Cup qualification (AFC–OFC play-off)
The 1998 FIFA World Cup AFC–OFC qualification play-off was a two-legged home-and-away tie between the winners of the Oceania qualifying tournament, Australia, and the losing team in the AFC play-off from the Asian qualifying tournament, Iran. The games were played on 22 and 29 November 1997 in Tehran and Melbourne respectively. Australia was hoping to play in the FIFA World Cup for the first time since 1974 and Iran in 1978. The second game is known in Iran as the Saga of Melbourne.1998 FIFA World Cup qualification (CONCACAF)
The 1998 FIFA World Cup qualification, CONCACAF zone ran from March 1996 to November 1997 in order to determine the three CONCACAF representatives at the 1998 FIFA World Cup. For an overview of the qualification rounds, see 1998 FIFA World Cup qualification.
A total of 30 CONCACAF teams entered the competition. Mexico, the USA, Costa Rica, Honduras, El Salvador and Canada, the six highest-ranked teams according to FIFA, received byes and advanced to the third round directly. The remaining 24 teams were divided into two zones, based on geographical locations, as follows:
Caribbean Zone: The 20 teams played in three rounds of knockout matches on a home-and-away basis to determine four winners advancing to the third round. Bahamas and Bermuda withdrew before playing one game. 18 countries stay in the race.
Central American Zone: The four teams were paired up to play knockout matches on a home-and-away basis. The winners would advance to the third round.In the third round, the 12 teams were divided into three groups of four teams each. They played against each other on a home-and-away basis. The group winners and runners-up would advance to the final round.
In the final round, the six teams played against each other on a home-and-away basis. The top three teams would qualify.1998 FIFA World Cup qualification (UEFA)
Listed below are the dates and results for the 1998 FIFA World Cup qualification rounds for the European zone (UEFA).
A total of 50 UEFA teams entered the competition; Andorra, which joined FIFA and UEFA in November 1996 while the qualifiers were underway, could not enter. The European zone was allocated 15 places (out of 32) in the final tournament. France, the hosts, qualified automatically, leaving 14 spots open for competition between 49 teams.
The 49 teams were divided into nine groups, four groups of six teams and five groups of five teams. The teams would play against each other on a home-and-away basis. The group winners would qualify. The runners-up would be ranked according to their records against the 1st, 3rd and 4th-placed team in their groups, and the team with the best record would also qualify. The other runners-up would advance to the UEFA Play-offs.
In the play-offs, the 8 teams were paired up to play knockout matches on a home-and-away basis. The winners would qualify.1998 FIFA World Cup qualification – UEFA Group 2
Group 2 consisted of five of the 50 teams entered into the European zone: England, Georgia, Italy, Moldova, and Poland. These five teams competed on a home-and-away basis for two of the 15 spots in the final tournament allocated to the European zone, with the group's winner and runner-up claiming those spots.1998 FIFA World Cup seeding
To calculate the seeding for the 1998 FIFA World Cup, FIFA used the FIFA World Rankings in combination with performances of national teams in the three previous World Cups.For the ranking part, points were allocated on the basis of 32 for the best achieving of the 32 qualifiers for 1998 FIFA World Cup in each of the three fields considered, down to one for the lowest ranking.
For the World Cup performance part, points were allocated as follows:
Teams qualified for the knockout stages were ranked by their overall performance and received between 32 points (World Cup winner) and 17 points (the losing team in the Round of 16 with the worst overall performance).
Teams eliminated in the group stage were ranked by their performance. The top half received 9 points, the rest 8 points.The seedings table uses these points obtained from the 1986 FIFA World Cup, 1990 FIFA World Cup and the 1994 FIFA World Cup averaged in a 1:2:3 ratio respectively, added to the average number of points derived from the World Rankings at three given dates (at ratio 1:1:1), December 1995, December 1996, and November 1997 at a 3:2 ratio. All totals are rounded.
France were seeded as hosts, Brazil as defending champions. The other seeds were: Germany, Italy, Spain, Argentina, Romania and the Netherlands.Eddie Lennie
Edward M. Lennie OAM (born 5 October 1959 in Glasgow, Scotland) is a retired Australian football (soccer) referee. He is best known for officiating at the 1998 FIFA World Cup and the 1996 Olympic Games.Marcelo Salas
José Marcelo Salas Melinao (American Spanish: [maɾˈselo ˈsalas]; born 24 December 1974), dubbed as El Matador (due to his goalscoring celebrations), El Fenómeno, and Shileno, is a retired Chilean footballer who played as a striker.
He has played in Chile, Argentina and Italy, winning titles with each club with whom he has played, and was voted South American Footballer of the Year in 1997. A powerful and tenacious forward, with good technique, who was well-known for his deft touch with his left foot, as well as his aerial ability, Salas had a prolific goalscoring record throughout his career; with 37 goals in 70 international appearances between 1994 and 2007, he is the Chilean national team's second-highest goalscorer of all time, behind only Alexis Sánchez. He appeared for the Chilean national team at the 1998 FIFA World Cup in France, where he scored four goals in four matches, leading his nation to the second round of the competition. As well as that World Cup, Salas played for Chile at two Copa América tournaments, helping his nation to a fourth-place finish in the 1999 edition of the tournament.Masayoshi Okada
Masayoshi Okada (岡田 正義, Okada Masayoshi, born May 24, 1958 in Tokyo) is a Japanese football referee. He refereed a first round match between England and Tunisia in the 1998 FIFA World Cup.Stade de France
Stade de France (French pronunciation: [stad də fʁɑ̃s]) is the national stadium of France, located just north of Paris in the commune of Saint-Denis. Its seating capacity of 80,698 makes it the eighth-largest stadium in Europe. The stadium is used by the France national football team and French rugby union team for international competition. It is the largest in Europe for track and field events, seating 78,338 in that configuration. Despite that, the stadium's running track is mostly hidden under the football pitch. Originally built for the 1998 FIFA World Cup, the stadium's name was recommended by Michel Platini, head of the organising committee. On 12 July 1998, France defeated Brazil 3–0 in the 1998 FIFA World Cup Final contested at the stadium. It will host the opening and closing ceremonies and the athletics events at the 2024 Summer Olympics. It will also host matches for the 2023 Rugby World Cup.
Stade de France, listed as a Category 4 stadium by UEFA, hosted matches at the 1998 FIFA World Cup, the UEFA Champions League finals in 2000 and 2006, and the 1999 and 2007 Rugby World Cup, making it the only stadium in the world to have hosted both a Football World Cup final and a rugby union World Cup final. It also hosted seven matches at UEFA Euro 2016, including the final, where France lost to Portugal 1-0 after extra-time. The facility also hosted the Race of Champions auto race in 2004, 2005, and 2006. The stadium hosted the 2003 World Championships in Athletics and from 1999 to 2016 it hosted the annual Meeting Areva athletics meet. The European Athletics Championships will be held there in August 2020.
Domestically, the Stade de France serves as a secondary home facility of Parisian rugby clubs Stade Français and Racing Métro 92, hosting a few of their regular-season fixtures. The stadium also hosts the main French domestic cup finals, which include the Coupe de France (both football and rugby), Coupe de la Ligue, Challenge de France, and the Coupe Gambardella, as well as the Top 14 rugby union championship match.
The facility is owned and operated by the Consortium Stade de France.Stade de Gerland
The Stade de Gerland (known for sponsorship reasons as Matmut Stadium de Gerland and otherwise known as Municipal de Gerland or Stade Gerland [stad ʒɛʁlɑ̃]) is a stadium in the city of Lyon, France which serves as home to Top 14 rugby club Lyon OU. It has a seating capacity of 25,000.
Situated in the Gerland quarter, it was used by French professional football club Olympique Lyonnais, who moved to the newly constructed Parc Olympique Lyonnais in 2016. Local rugby union club Lyon OU moved in beginning of 2017, replacing their much smaller stadium Matmut Stadium. The stadium's capacity was also reduced from 43,000 to a more reasonable 25,000.
The Stade de Gerland is listed as a Category three stadium by UEFA's standards and has hosted matches for the 1972 Rugby League World Cup, UEFA Euro 1984, the 1998 FIFA World Cup, and the 2007 Rugby World Cup.
The stadium has hosted concerts by many famous artists, including The Rolling Stones, Michael Jackson, David Bowie, Pink Floyd and Genesis.Stade de la Beaujoire
The Stade de la Beaujoire - Emiliano Sala, or "Stade de la Beaujoire" (French pronunciation: [stad də la boʒwaʁ]), is a stadium in Nantes, France. It is the home of the FC Nantes football club.
The stadium opened for the first time on May 8, 1984, for a friendly game: FC Nantes - Romania. It was named after Louis Fonteneau, who was President of FC Nantes between 1969-1986. It was renovated in 1998, for the World Cup. While its original capacity was 52,923, in 1998, it was converted to an all-seater stadium and its current capacity is 38,128. Previously, the team played at Stade Marcel Saupin.
The stadium also hosts international rugby matches, including France against New Zealand (16-3) on November 15, 1986. In September 2007, it hosted three pool matches of the 2007 Rugby World Cup: Wales vs Canada on September 9, England vs Samoa on September 22 and Wales vs Fiji on September 29. In domestic rugby, La Beaujoire hosted both Top 14 semifinal matches in 2013, and Paris-area Top 14 side Racing Métro 92 will play their final "home" match of the 2013–14 season against Clermont at La Beaujoire on April 19, 2014.
La Beaujoire hosted matches during the UEFA Euro 1984, including a 5-0 victory for France over Belgium. Six matches were also played there during the 1998 FIFA World Cup, including the quarter-final between Brazil and Denmark. The stadium was not selected for the UEFA Euro 2016.
The France national football team have played here on five occasions, most recently in 2019 where they played a friendly match against Bolivia.
The stadium has also hosted musical concerts including:
1982 - AC/DC
1983 - The Police
1984 - Yes
1985 - Phil Collins
1987 - Genesis
1988 - Pink Floyd
1991 - Sting
1992 - Dire Straits
1993 - U2, with Urban Dance Squad & Utah Saints
2003 - EminemStade de la Mosson
Stade de la Mosson (French pronunciation: [stad də la mɔˈsɔ̃]) is a football stadium in Montpellier, France. It is the home of Montpellier HSC (Ligue 1) and has a capacity of 32,900. Formerly a 16,000-seater stadium, it was entirely rebuilt in 1998 to host 6 games of the 1998 FIFA World Cup. It was also used as a venue for group stage matches in the 2007 Rugby World Cup and is one of nine venues being used in the 2019 FIFA Women's World Cup.Stadium de Toulouse
Stadium de Toulouse is the largest multi-purpose stadium in Toulouse, France. It is currently used mostly for football matches, mainly those of the Toulouse Football Club and the big games of rugby for Stade Toulousain in the European Rugby Champions Cup or Top 14. It also hosts the test matches of France's national rugby union team. It is located on the island of Ramier near the centre of Toulouse. It is a pure football and rugby ground, and therefore has no athletics track surrounding the field. The stadium is able to hold 33,150 people.The stadium was built in 1937 for the 1938 FIFA World Cup (but again under construction, the World Cup matches were playing in the Stade du T.O.E.C., 4 kilometers further North) and has undergone two extensive renovations, in 1949 and 1997.
The stadium staged six matches during the 1998 FIFA World Cup.It was also used as a host venue during the 2007 Rugby World Cup for games such as Japan-Fiji, won by the latter 35–31. On 13 November 2009 the stadium hosted international rugby again when France hosted South Africa. At the time, South Africa were leading the series by 20 wins to 10 (6 drawn).Michael Jackson performed in front of 40,000 people during his Dangerous World Tour on 16 September 1992.United States v Iran (1998 FIFA World Cup)
USA v Iran, played on 21 June 1998, was a football match between Iran and the United States in the group stage of the 1998 FIFA World Cup at the Stade de Gerland in Lyon, France. The match, which is described as the "Mother of all games" and the "Most politically charged game in World Cup history", ended with a 2-1 victory for Iran; Which was the team's first ever victory in the history of the FIFA World Cup.Hamid Estili and Mehdi Mahdavikia scored for Iran, while Brian McBride scored for the US.
|Teams listed by FIFA ranking as of May 1998|
|1||Brazil (1994 winner)||CONMEBOL||1|
|Key for tables|
1998 FIFA World Cup
1998 FIFA World Cup finalists
|Round of 16|
1998 FIFA World Cup stadiums
|Overall records and statistics|
Notes: There was no qualification for the 1930 World Cup as places were given by invitation only. In 1950, there was no final; the article is about the decisive match of the final group stage.