State elections were held in South Australia on 11 October 1997. All 47 seats in the South Australian House of Assembly were up for election. The incumbent Liberal Party of Australia led by Premier of South Australia John Olsen defeated the Australian Labor Party led by Leader of the Opposition Mike Rann, forming a minority government with the SA Nationals and independent MPs.
|South Australian state election, 1997|
All 47 seats in the South Australian House of Assembly
24 seats were needed for a majority
11 (of the 22) seats in the South Australian Legislative Council
Following the 1993 landslide to the Liberals, ending 11 years of Labor government, Labor now led by Mike Rann held just 11 seats in the House of Assembly. The Liberals held 36 seats and there were no independent or minor party members in the House of Assembly. They had held a record 37, but lost one at the 1994 Torrens by-election. However the Liberals were suffering from heightened internal tensions. Premier Dean Brown had been toppled by Industry Minister and factional rival John Olsen in a 1996 party-room coup. Olsen had been in office for just over 10 months on election day.
|Summary of votes by party|
|Independent Liberal||6,970||0.78||+0.78||1||+ 1|
Labor needed a 13-seat swing to make Rann premier, a deficit thought insurmountable before the election. However, to the surprise of most observers, Olsen lost the massive majority he'd inherited from Brown. Labor polled exceptionally well, regaining much of what it had lost in its severe defeat of four years earlier. Indeed, on election night many Liberal observers feared that Labor had managed the swing it needed to regain government. Ultimately, Labor picked up 10 seats, three seats short of victory. The Liberals lost a massive 13 seats: 10 to Labor, 1 to the Nationals, and 2 to conservative independents. Labor received a record two-party swing of 9.4 percent, as opposed to the previous record of 8.9 percent to the Liberals at the last election. Olsen was forced to seek the support of the Nationals and the independents to stay in office at the helm of a minority government.
The Liberals briefly regained a majority when Mitch Williams rejoined the Liberal Party in 1999, but lost it again in 2000 when it expelled Peter Lewis from the party in 2000, and Bob Such resigned from the Liberal Party later in 2000. However they continued to govern with the support of the Nationals and independents until the 2002 election.
|Summary of votes by party|
|Recreation and Fishing||7,048||0.79||+0.79||0||0|
In the Legislative Council, the Australian Democrats won two seats for the first time. Elected were 4 Liberal, 4 Labor, 2 Australian Democrats, and No Pokies candidate Nick Xenophon. Carrying over from the 1993 election were 6 Liberal, 4 Labor, 1 Democrat; leaving the numbers at: 10 Liberal, 8 Labor, 3 Democrats, 1 No Pokies.
The election was notable for the Australian Democrats' strongest performance in South Australia, winning two Legislative Council two seats at an election for the only time in their history. (Though their predecessors, the Liberal Movement (LM), won two Legislative Council seats on a higher primary vote in 1975 state election). The Democrats also finished second after preferences in seven seats lower house seats (compared to three for the LM in 1975). However, it marked the peak for Democrats' influence in South Australia. From here on they would slowly lose numbers and influence, winning only one more seat (in 2002), and losing their remaining parliamentary representation as of the 2010 election.
Labor upper house members Terry Cameron and Trevor Crothers would resign from the party in 1998 and 1999 respectively, in order to support the Liberals over the Privatisation of ETSA. This also meant the Democrats lost sole balance of power for the first time since 1985.
|LIBERAL SEATS (26)|
|Gordon||Rory McEwen||IND||0.1% v LIB|
|Heysen||David Wotton||LIB||1.9% v AD|
|Chaffey||Karlene Maywald||NAT||2.6% v LIB|
|Davenport||Iain Evans||LIB||4.3% v AD|
|Waite||Martin Hamilton-Smith||LIB||5.9% v AD|
|Kavel||John Olsen||LIB||6.3% v AD|
|Finniss||Dean Brown||LIB||7.3% v AD|
|MacKillop||Mitch Williams||IND||7.9% v LIB|
|Schubert||Ivan Venning||LIB||8.7% v AD|
|Flinders||Liz Penfold||LIB||10.0% v NAT|
|LABOR SEATS (21)|
|Napier||Annette Hurley||ALP||9.5% v AD|
|Ross Smith||Ralph Clarke||ALP||14.8%|
|Price||Murray De Laine||ALP||24.4%|
The 1997 result put Labor within striking distance of winning government at the next election in 2002. John Olsen was left with internal disquiet over the leadership challenge and poor election result while his opponent, Mike Rann, was seen to have 'won' the campaign despite losing the election.
On 6 February 2007, Mike Rann told parliament that some in the Liberal party had leaked information to him before and during the election campaign. The following quote by Rann is from Hansard on 6/2/2007 :
This article provides information on candidates who stood for the 1997 South Australian state election, held on 11 October 1997.Centre Alliance
Centre Alliance is a centrist Australian political party based in the state of South Australia. It was named Nick Xenophon Team until April 2018. It presently holds two seats in the Australian Senate and one seat in the House of Representatives.
Since it was founded in July 2013, the party has twice changed names. At the time of the 2016 federal election it was known as Nick Xenophon Team (NXT). After the creation of SA-BEST, an affiliated state-based party created by Nick Xenophon, NXT sought to change its name to SA-BEST (Federal), but withdrew its application prior to Australian Electoral Commission approval and changed its name to Centre Alliance due to the departure of Nick Xenophon from politics.In 2018, Centre Alliance senator Stirling Griff made it clear that SA-BEST is "a separate entity, a separate association, a separate party" from Centre Alliance.The party's ideological focus is a combination of centrism, social liberalism and populism, drawing from the positions of Xenophon. Its present members have variously declared support for same-sex marriage, reform of the Australian Intelligence Community, action on climate change, support for veterans, affordable tax cuts, Australian made manufacturing, including defence industry spending and legalising euthanasia.Grey Power
Grey Power was an Australian political party and lobby group, first registered in 1983. At the federal elections of 1984 and 1987 it ran candidates, but on both occasions these candidates (who included former Liberal cabinet minister Bill Wentworth) did poorly. The group was designed to represent the elderly vote, advocating issues dealing with aged care and a mature perspective on national policy; hence the name "grey power".
Grey Power ran in the 1989 Western Australian state election, garnering 5.2% of the total lower house vote. The last election which Grey Power contested was the 1997 South Australian state election, but then it only managed to receive 1.6% of the South Australian Legislative Council vote. Their preferences however significantly contributed to the election of Nick Xenophon.
The best result Grey Power ever achieved was at the 1994 Taylor state by-election in South Australia. Without a Liberal candidate in the running on this occasion, Grey Power took 13 percent of the primary vote and finished second after preferences had been distributed with a 27 percent two-candidate preferred vote.List of elections in 1997
The following elections occurred in the year 1997.
Honduran general election, 1997
Indonesian legislative election, 1997
Iranian presidential election, 1997
Mexican legislative election, 1997
Papua New Guinean general election, 1997
Philippine barangay election, 1997
Salvadoran legislative election, 1997
Singaporean general election, 1997
South Korean presidential election, 1997
Yemeni parliamentary election, 1997Results of the 1997 South Australian state election (House of Assembly)
This is a list of House of Assembly results for the 1997 South Australian state election.Results of the 1997 South Australian state election (Legislative Council)
This is a list of results for the Legislative Council at the 1997 South Australian state election.Slot machine
A slot machine (American English), known variously as a fruit machine (British English), puggy (Scottish English), the slots (Canadian and American English), poker machine/pokies (Australian English and New Zealand English), or simply slot (British English and American English), is a casino gambling machine with three or more reels which spin when a button is pushed. Slot machines are also known as one-armed bandits because they were originally operated by one lever on the side of the machine, as distinct from a button on the front panel, and because of their ability to leave the player impoverished or in debt, with bandit as a synonym for "thief". Many modern machines are still equipped with a legacy lever in addition to the button.
Slot machines include a currency detector that validates the money inserted to play. The machine pays off according to patterns of symbols visible on the front of the machine when it stops. Modern computer technology has resulted in variations on the slot machine concept. Slot machines are the most popular gambling method in casinos and constitute about 70 percent of the average US casino's income.