1996 Pacific typhoon season

The 1996 Pacific typhoon season has no official bounds; it ran year-round in 1996, but most tropical cyclones tend to form in the northwestern Pacific Ocean between May and November.[1] These dates conventionally delimit the period of each year when most tropical cyclones form in the northwestern Pacific Ocean.

The scope of this article is limited to the Pacific Ocean, north of the equator and west of the international date line. Storms that form east of the date line and north of the equator are called hurricanes; see 1996 Pacific hurricane season. Tropical Storms formed in the entire west pacific basin were assigned a name by the Joint Typhoon Warning Center. Tropical depressions in this basin have the "W" suffix added to their number. Tropical depressions that enter or form in the Philippine area of responsibility are assigned a name by the Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration or PAGASA. This can often result in the same storm having two names.

1996 Pacific typhoon season
1996 Pacific typhoon season summary
Season summary map
Seasonal boundaries
First system formedJanuary 12, 1996
Last system dissipatedDecember 29, 1996
Strongest storm
NameHerb
 • Maximum winds175 km/h (110 mph)
(10-minute sustained)
 • Lowest pressure925 hPa (mbar)
Seasonal statistics
Total depressions52
Total storms31
Typhoons16
Super typhoons6 (unofficial)
Total fatalities935
Total damage$6.88 billion (1996 USD)
Related articles

Systems

The 1996 season was very active. Forty-three tropical cyclones formed this year, of which 34 became tropical storms. Fifteen storms reached typhoon intensity, of which six reached super typhoon strength.

Tropical Storm 01W (Asiang)

Tropical storm (JMA)
Tropical depression (SSHWS)
01W Feb 28 1996 0457Z
 
1-W 1996 track
DurationFebruary 28 – March 1
Peak intensity65 km/h (40 mph) (10-min)  998 hPa (mbar)

On February 23, a large area of convection developed south of the Philippines Sea. The convection developed into a low pressure area and was at first bombarded by wind shear, but conditions soon turned favorable which allowed it to strengthen rapidly on February 27 before becoming a Tropical depression later that day. The JMA upgraded 01W into a Tropical Storm before it drifted over the Philippines on February 29, and weakened slightly due to land interaction.[2][3] On March 1, a cold front brought cold, dry air and vertical wind shear which pushed the system south caused the system's low level circulation center to become exposed. The exposed remnants of 01W continued to drift south, before being completely absorbed by the Intertropical Convergence Zone.

Tropical Storm Ann (Biring)

Tropical storm (JMA)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Ann Apr 7 1996 0000Z
 
Ann 1996 track
DurationApril 1 – April 10
Peak intensity65 km/h (40 mph) (10-min)  1000 hPa (mbar)

Ann (Biring) developed on March 30. The storm struck the Philippines on April 7 and dissipated three days later.

Tropical Depression 03W

Tropical depression (JMA)
Tropical depression (SSHWS)
03W Apr 25 1996 0623Z
 
3-W 1996 track
DurationApril 25 – April 26
Peak intensity45 km/h (30 mph) (1-min)  1004 hPa (mbar)

Tropical Depression 03W existed over the South China Sea from April 25 to April 26.

Typhoon Bart (Konsing)

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 4 typhoon (SSHWS)
Bart May 15 1996 2259Z
 
Bart 1996 track
DurationMay 8 – May 18
Peak intensity175 km/h (110 mph) (10-min)  930 hPa (mbar)

Bart existed from May 8 to May 18.

Tropical Storm Cam (Ditang)

Tropical storm (JMA)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Cam May 23 1996 0300Z
 
Cam 1996 track
DurationMay 18 – May 24
Peak intensity75 km/h (45 mph) (10-min)  994 hPa (mbar)

Cam developed over the South China Sea on May 18. The cyclone headed northeastward to east-northeastward and dissipated over the Pacific Ocean on May 23.

Typhoon Dan

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
Dan Jul 9 1996 0436Z
 
Dan 1996 track
DurationJuly 5 – July 12
Peak intensity120 km/h (75 mph) (10-min)  970 hPa (mbar)

Dan existed from July 5 to July 11.

Typhoon Eve

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 5 super typhoon (SSHWS)
Eve Jul 16 1996 0500Z
 
Eve 1996 track
DurationJuly 13 – July 24
Peak intensity155 km/h (100 mph) (10-min)  940 hPa (mbar)

A Tropical Upper Tropospheric Trough spawned Tropical Depression 7W on July 10 over the open Western Pacific. It tracked generally west-northwestward, strengthening to a tropical storm on the 14th. On the 15th Eve became a typhoon, which was followed by a period of explosive deepening to a 100 mph Typhoon, with a pressure drop of 40 mb from early on the 15th to early on the 16th. An eyewall replacement cycle weakened Eve to a 95 mph typhoon, but as the outer eyewall contracted, the storm again reached wind speeds of 97 mph before hitting southern Japan on the 18th. Rapidly weakening over the mountains, Eve turned eastward over the islands and the last warning was issued on the 20th. It restrengthened to a tropical storm east of Japan, and continued northeastward until dissipation on the 27th. Eve, despite being a Category 4 at landfall, caused no reported deaths and only 9 injuries.[4]

Severe Tropical Storm Frankie (Edeng)

Severe tropical storm (JMA)
Category 2 typhoon (SSHWS)
Frankie1996072318GMS5IR
 
Frankie 1996 track
DurationJuly 20 – July 25
Peak intensity95 km/h (60 mph) (10-min)  975 hPa (mbar)

An active monsoon trough over the Western Pacific Ocean developed 3 typhoons; Frankie, Gloria, and Herb. The first, Frankie, developed in the South China Sea on July 19. It tracked west-northwestward and became a tropical storm on the 21st. After crossing the island of Hainan Frankie rapidly intensified to a 100 mph typhoon, 945 millibar over the Gulf of Tonkin. It northern Vietnam on the 23rd, and dissipated 2 days later over China. 104 people were reported killed or missing in association with Frankie, and damage figures are estimated at over $200 million (1996 US Dollars).[4]

Typhoon Gloria (Gloring)

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 2 typhoon (SSHWS)
Gloria1996072409GMS5VS
 
Gloria 1996 track
DurationJuly 21 – July 28
Peak intensity120 km/h (75 mph) (10-min)  965 hPa (mbar)

The same monsoon trough that spawned Frankie also spawned a tropical depression on July 19 east of the Philippines. It headed northwestward, slowly organizing into a tropical storm on the 22nd. The next day Gloria reached typhoon strength, and a day later it reached its peak of 100 mph winds. Gloria brushed the northern coast of the Philippines and turned northward to hit Taiwan on the 26th. After crossing the island and the Taiwan Straight, Gloria hit China where she dissipated on the 27th. Gloria caused 23 casualties, 20 of which were in the northern Philippines. In addition, damage was estimated at $20 million (1996 USD).[4]

Typhoon Herb (Huaning)

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 5 super typhoon (SSHWS)
Typhoon Herb
 
Herb 1996 track
DurationJuly 23 – August 4
Peak intensity175 km/h (110 mph) (10-min)  925 hPa (mbar)

Super Typhoon Herb was the strongest and the largest storm of 1996. Herb struck Ryūkyū Islands, Taiwan and People's Republic of China. Maximum sustained winds of the cyclone reached 160 miles per hour (260 km/h) over the open ocean. The system led to 590 casualties and US$5 billion in damage (1996 dollars).[4]

Tropical Depression Ian

Tropical depression (JMA)
Tropical Storm (SSHWS)
Ian Jul 29 1996 0417Z
 
Ian 1996 track
DurationJuly 28 – July 29
Peak intensity75 km/h (45 mph) (1-min)  1002 hPa (mbar)

Ian existed from July 27 to July 31.

Severe Tropical Storm Joy

Severe tropical storm (JMA)
Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
Joy Aug 2 1996 0336Z
 
Joy 1996 track
DurationJuly 29 – August 6
Peak intensity100 km/h (65 mph) (10-min)  980 hPa (mbar)

Joy existed from July 29 to August 6.

Typhoon Kirk (Isang)

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 2 typhoon (SSHWS)
Kirk 12-08-19960949ZIRNoaa12
 
Kirk 1996 track
DurationAugust 3 – August 15
Peak intensity140 km/h (85 mph) (10-min)  955 hPa (mbar)

A monsoon depression developed on July 28 over the open Pacific Ocean. It headed northwestward, slowly consolidating to become a tropical storm on the 5th. While south of Japan, Kirk drifted to the southeast and looped back to the west, strengthening to a typhoon on the 8th while looping. It continued slowly northwestward, and while curving to the northeast Kirk reached a peak of 110 mph winds. The typhoon struck southwestern Japan at that intensity on the 14th. It weakened over the country, and dissipated on the 16th over the northern Pacific. Kirk caused heavy flooding, resulting in at least 2 deaths and moderate damage.[4]

Tropical Storm Lisa

Tropical storm (JMA)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Lisa Aug 6 1996 0614Z
 
Lisa 1996 track
DurationAugust 5 – August 9
Peak intensity75 km/h (45 mph) (10-min)  996 hPa (mbar)

Lisa developed over the South China Sea on August 4. The storm headed northeastward and struck China on August 6, then dissipated two days later.

Tropical Depression 15W

Tropical depression (JMA)
Tropical depression (SSHWS)
15W Aug 15 1996 0255Z
 
15-W 1996 track
DurationAugust 12 – August 16
Peak intensity55 km/h (35 mph) (1-min)  998 hPa (mbar)

Tropical Depression 15W existed from August 11 to August 17.

Tropical Depression Marty

Tropical depression (JMA)
Tropical Storm (SSHWS)
Marty1996081309GMS5IR
 
Marty 1996 track
DurationAugust 12 – August 16
Peak intensity95 km/h (60 mph) (1-min)  998 hPa (mbar)

The monsoon trough spawned a tropical depression over southern China on August 11. It drifted southwestward, entering the Gulf of Tonkin on the 12th. An extremely small cyclone, it reached tropical storm strength on the 13th and a peak of 60 mph on the 14th. Marty made landfall on the 14th on northern Vietnam, where it dissipated 3 days later. Though small and somewhat weak, Marty managed to cause moderate damage and flooding, amounting to the deaths of 125 with 107 people missing.[4]

Tropical Depression 17W

Tropical depression (JMA)
Tropical depression (SSHWS)
17W Aug 14 1996 0124Z
 
17-W 1996 track
DurationAugust 14 – August 16
Peak intensity55 km/h (35 mph) (1-min)  1008 hPa (mbar)

Tropical Depression 17W existed from August 13 to August 16.

Typhoon Niki (Lusing)

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 2 typhoon (SSHWS)
Niki Aug 22 1996 0640Z
 
Niki 1996 track
DurationAugust 17 – August 23
Peak intensity120 km/h (75 mph) (10-min)  970 hPa (mbar)

Niki developed on August 16. It struck Luzon on August 19 and then crossed the South China Sea. The typhoon later made landfall in Hainan on August 20 and northern Vietnam on August 21. Niki dissipated by August 23.

Typhoon Orson

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 4 typhoon (SSHWS)
Orson Aug 25 1996 2049Z
 
Orson 1996 track
DurationAugust 20 – September 3
Peak intensity140 km/h (85 mph) (10-min)  955 hPa (mbar)

Orson existed from August 20 to September 3.

Tropical Storm Piper

Tropical storm (JMA)
Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
Piper Aug 25 1996 0248Z
 
Piper 1996 track
DurationAugust 22 – August 26
Peak intensity75 km/h (45 mph) (10-min)  996 hPa (mbar)

Piper existed from August 22 to August 26.

Tropical Depression 21W

Tropical depression (JMA)
Tropical depression (SSHWS)
21W Aug 26 1996 0300Z
 
21-W 1996 track
DurationAugust 26 – August 27
Peak intensity45 km/h (30 mph) (1-min)  1008 hPa (mbar)

Tropical Depression 21W existed from August 25 to August 29.

Tropical Depression Rick

Tropical depression (JMA)
Tropical Storm (SSHWS)
Rick Aug 30 1996 0151Z
 
Rick 1996 track
DurationAugust 28 – September 2
Peak intensity65 km/h (40 mph) (1-min)  1004 hPa (mbar)

Rick existed from August 27 to September 3.

Typhoon Sally (Maring)

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 5 super typhoon (SSHWS)
Sally Sept 7 1996 2248Z
 
Sally 1996 track
DurationSeptember 5 – September 10
Peak intensity155 km/h (100 mph) (10-min)  940 hPa (mbar)

On September 2, a tropical depression developed well east of the Philippines. It headed west-northwestward, reaching tropical storm strength on the 5th and typhoon strength on the 6th. On the 7th Sally rapidly intensified to a 160 mph Super Typhoon while passing just north of the Philippines. It weakened slightly yet steadily to a 115 mph typhoon over the South China Sea, hitting the Luichow Peninsula of China on the 9th, and dissipated the next day over the country. Sally brought heavy rain and damage to China, causing 114 casualties, 110 people missing, and economic losses estimated at $1.5 billion (1996 USD).[4]

Tropical Depression 24W (Ningning)

Tropical depression (JMA)
Tropical Storm (SSHWS)
24W Sept 12 1996 0600Z
 
24-W 1996 track
DurationSeptember 10 – September 14
Peak intensity85 km/h (50 mph) (1-min)  996 hPa (mbar)

Ningning developed on September 6. It struck Luzon on September 9 and then entered the South China Sea. Ningning dissipated offshore Vietnam on September 14.

Typhoon Violet (Osang)

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 4 super typhoon (SSHWS)
Violet Sept 16 1996 0529Z
 
Violet 1996 track
DurationSeptember 11 – September 23
Peak intensity165 km/h (105 mph) (10-min)  935 hPa (mbar)

Violet existed from September 11 to September 23.

Typhoon Tom

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
Tom Sept 16 1996 0347Z
 
Tom 1996 track
DurationSeptember 12 – September 20
Peak intensity130 km/h (80 mph) (10-min)  965 hPa (mbar)

Tom existed from September 11 to September 21.

Severe Tropical Storm Willie

Severe tropical storm (JMA)
Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
Willie Sept 20 1996 0626Z
 
Willie 1996 track
DurationSeptember 15 – September 23
Peak intensity100 km/h (65 mph) (10-min)  985 hPa (mbar)

An active monsoon trough that also developed Typhoons Tom (25W) and Violet (26W) spawned a tropical depression in the Gulf of Tonkin on September 16. It moved counter-clockwise around Hainan Island, becoming a tropical storm on the 17th and a typhoon on the 19th. It crossed the narrow Hainan Strait between Hainan and China, and continued west-southwestward across the Gulf of Tonkin. Willie made landfall on Vietnam on the 22nd, and dissipated the next day. The typhoon resulted in 38 fatalities from flooding.[4]

Typhoon Yates

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 4 super typhoon (SSHWS)
Yates Sept 25 1996 0348Z
 
Yates 1996 track
DurationSeptember 21 – October 1
Peak intensity165 km/h (105 mph) (10-min)  935 hPa (mbar)

Yates lasted from September 19 to October 1.

Typhoon Zane (Paring)

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 3 typhoon (SSHWS)
Zane Sept 29 1996 0449Z
 
Zane 1996 track
DurationSeptember 23 – October 3
Peak intensity150 km/h (90 mph) (10-min)  950 hPa (mbar)

Zane existed from September 23 to October 3.

Tropical Depression Abel (Reming)

Tropical depression (JMA)
Tropical Storm (SSHWS)
Abel Oct 12 1996 0547Z
 
Abel 1996 track
DurationOctober 10 – October 17
Peak intensity95 km/h (60 mph) (1-min)  1002 hPa (mbar)

In the Philippines, Abel killed eight people, left seven others missing and caused $4.3 million (1996 USD, $6.4 million 2013 USD[5]) in damages.

Tropical Depression 31W

Tropical depression (JMA)
Tropical depression (SSHWS)
31W Oct 13 1996 0353Z
 
31-W 1996 track
DurationOctober 15 – October 16
Peak intensity45 km/h (30 mph) (1-min)  1006 hPa (mbar)

Tropical Depression 31W existed from October 13 to October 17.

Severe Tropical Storm Beth (Seniang)

Severe tropical storm (JMA)
Category 2 typhoon (SSHWS)
Beth Oct 19 1996 0612Z
 
Beth 1996 track
DurationOctober 11 – October 22
Peak intensity110 km/h (70 mph) (10-min)  975 hPa (mbar)

Beth developed on October 13. It struck Luzon on October 17 and then reached the South China Sea. On October 21, Beth moved ashore in Vietnam and dissipated the next day.

Typhoon Carlo

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 3 typhoon (SSHWS)
Carlo Oct 24 1996 0336Z
 
Carlo 1996 track
DurationOctober 20 – October 26
Peak intensity130 km/h (80 mph) (10-min)  965 hPa (mbar)

Carlo existed from October 20 to October 26.

Tropical Depression 34W

Tropical depression (SSHWS)
34W Oct 27 1996 0622Z
 
34-W 1996 track
DurationOctober 24 – October 30 (Exited basin)
Peak intensity55 km/h (35 mph) (1-min)  1000 hPa (mbar)

Tropical Depression 34W formed over the Sulu Sea on October 24. It struck Palawan on the next day. After tracking across the South China Sea, 34W made landfall in Thailand on October 30. It crossed the Malay Peninsula and entered the North Indian Ocean basin later that day. The storm dissipated shortly thereafter, but later re-developing into the Andhra Pradesh cyclone.

Tropical Depression 35W

Tropical depression (JMA)
Tropical Storm (SSHWS)
35W Nov 3 1996 0649Z
 
35-W 1996 track
DurationNovember 1 – November 3
Peak intensity75 km/h (45 mph) (1-min)  998 hPa (mbar)

35W killed 60 people and caused $138 million in damages.[6]

Typhoon Dale (Ulpiang)

Typhoon (JMA)
Category 5 super typhoon (SSHWS)
Dale Nov 11 1996 0522Z
 
Dale 1996 track
DurationNovember 3 – November 13
Peak intensity165 km/h (105 mph) (10-min)  930 hPa (mbar)

A cluster of thunderstorm activity formed southeast of Guam on November 2. The system slowly organized, becoming a tropical depression on November 4. Remaining nearly stationary, the depression intensified into a tropical storm late in the day. The cyclone then turned westward, becoming a typhoon by November 7. Late in the day, Dale passed south of Guam bringing winds as high as 74 knots (137 km/h) and high seas which overtopped cliffs 30 metres (98 ft) high. Damage on the island totaled US$3.5 million (1996 dollars.) Continuing to intensify, Dale became a supertyphoon in the Philippine Sea on November 9. On November 10, Dale turned north, recurving east of the Philippines. On November 14, Dale accelerated east-northeast at more than 60 knots (110 km/h) as it became an extratropical cyclone.[4]

Tropical Storm Ernie (Toyang)

Tropical storm (JMA)
Tropical storm (SSHWS)
Ernie Nov 8 1996 0554Z
 
Ernie 1996 track
DurationNovember 4 – November 16
Peak intensity75 km/h (45 mph) (10-min)  992 hPa (mbar)

In the Philippines, Ernie killed 24 people, left 12 others missing and caused $5.1 million in damages.

Tropical Depression 38W

Tropical depression (JMA)
Tropical Storm (SSHWS)
38W Nov 7 1996 0243Z
 
38-W 1996 track
DurationNovember 5 – November 8
Peak intensity95 km/h (60 mph) (1-min)  1000 hPa (mbar)

Tropical Storm 38W existed from November 4 to November 12.

Tropical Depression 39W

Tropical depression (SSHWS)
Tropical depression (SSHWS)
Ernie Nov 8 1996 0554Z
 
39-W 1996 track
DurationNovember 7 – November 8
Peak intensity55 km/h (35 mph) (1-min)  1006 hPa (mbar)

Tropical Depression 39W developed on November 6. It struck Luzon on November 8 and then dissipated two days later.

Tropical Depression 40W

Tropical depression (JMA)
Tropical depression (SSHWS)
40W Nov 25 1996 0427Z
 
40-W 1996 track
DurationNovember 24 – November 26
Peak intensity45 km/h (30 mph) (1-min)  1002 hPa (mbar)

Tropical Depression 40W developed on November 25. It struck Mindanao several hours before dissipating on November 30.

Tropical Depression 41W

Tropical depression (SSHWS)
41W Dec 18 1996 0658Z
 
41-W 1996 track
DurationDecember 14 – December 20
Peak intensity55 km/h (35 mph) (1-min)  1000 hPa (mbar)

Tropical Depression 41W existed over the South China Sea from December 14 to December 20.

Severe Tropical Storm Fern

Severe tropical storm (JMA)
Category 1 typhoon (SSHWS)
Fern Dec 26 1996 0600Z
 
Fern 1996 track
DurationDecember 21 – December 29
Peak intensity110 km/h (70 mph) (10-min)  975 hPa (mbar)

A tropical depression formed on December 21, when a low-level circulation center began to produce deep convection. The depression strengthened into a tropical storm the next day, and was given the name Fern by the Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC). The storm slowly intensified into a Category 1 typhoon on the Saffir–Simpson hurricane wind scale, according to JTWC. Fern peaked north of Yap on December 26, with JTWC assessing winds of 150 km/h (90 mph), while the Regional Specialized Meteorological Center, Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA) assessed peak winds of 110 km/h (70 mph), just below typhoon strength. The storm soon became sheared and weakened slowly. Fern continued to weaken to a tropical depression on December 30. Both agencies stopped advisories later on the same day.

Tropical Depression Greg

Tropical depression (JMA)
Tropical Storm (SSHWS)
Gerg Dec 25 1996 0600Z
 
Greg 1996 track
DurationDecember 24 – December 27
Peak intensity85 km/h (50 mph) (1-min)  1002 hPa (mbar)

Two active monsoon troughs that also developed Typhoon Fern and Southern Hemisphere Cyclones Ophelia, Phil, and Fergus spawned Tropical Depression 43W in the South China Sea on December 21. Due to the troughs' nature, the depression headed east-southeastward, where it strengthened into the final tropical storm of the year on the 24th; Greg. After reaching a peak of 45 knots (83 km/h) winds it crossed the northern part of Borneo on the 25th. It continued east-southeastward until dissipation on the 27th, south of the Philippines. Greg caused extensive property damage on Borneo from torrential flooding, resulting in 127 deaths and 100 people missing.[4]

Storm names

During the season 30 named tropical cyclones developed in the Western Pacific and were named by the Joint Typhoon Warning Center, when it was determined that they had become tropical storms. These names were contributed to a revised list which started in 1996.

Ann Bart Cam Dan Eve Frankie Gloria Herb Ian Joy Kirk Lisa Marty Niki Orson
Piper Rick Sally Tom Violet Willie Yates Zane Abel Beth Carlo Dale Ernie Fern Greg

Philippines

Asiang Biring Konsing Ditang Edeng
Gloring Huaning Isang Lusing Maring
Ningning Osang Paring Reming Seniang
Toyang Ulpiang Welpring (unused) Yerling (unused)
Auxiliary list
Aring (unused)
Basiang (unused) Kayang (unused) Dorang (unused) Enang (unused) Grasing (unused)

The Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration uses its own naming scheme for tropical cyclones in their area of responsibility. PAGASA assigns names to tropical depressions that form within their area of responsibility and any tropical cyclone that might move into their area of responsibility. Should the list of names for a given year prove to be insufficient, names are taken from an auxiliary list, the first 10 of which are published each year before the season starts. Names not retired from this list will be used again in the 2000 season. This is the same list used for the 1992 season. PAGASA uses its own naming scheme that starts in the Filipino alphabet, with names of Filipino female names ending with "ng" (A, B, K, D, etc.). Names that were not assigned/going to use are marked in gray.

Season effects

This table summarizes all the systems that developed within or moved into the North Pacific Ocean, to the west of the International Date Line during 1997. The tables also provide an overview of a systems intensity, duration, land areas affected and any deaths or damages associated with the system.

Name Dates active Peak classification Sustained
wind speeds
Pressure Areas affected Damage
(USD)
Deaths Refs
TD January 12 Tropical depression Not specified 1008 hPa (29.77 inHg) Philippines None None
01W (Asiang) February 28 – March 1 Tropical storm 65 km/h (40 mph) 998 hPa (29.47 inHg) Philippines None None
Ann (Biring) April 1 – 10 Tropical storm 65 km/h (40 mph) 1000 hPa (29.53 inHg) Caroline Islands, Philippines None None
03W April 25 – 26 Tropical depression 45 km/h (30 mph) 1004 hPa (29.65 inHg) None None None
Bart (Konsing) May 8 – 18 Typhoon 175 km/h (110 mph) 930 hPa (27.46 inHg) Philippines None None
Cam (Ditang) May 18 – 24 Tropical storm 75 km/h (45 mph) 994 hPa (29.35 inHg) Philippines, Tawian None None
TD June 13 – 15 Tropical depression Not specified 1004 hPa (29.65 inHg) South China None None
Dan July 5 – 12 Typhoon 120 km/h (75 mph) 970 hPa (28.64 inHg) Japan None None
Eve July 13 – 24 Typhoon 155 km/h (100 mph) 940 hPa (27.76 inHg) Japan None None
Frankie (Edeng) July 20 – 25 Severe tropical storm 95 km/h (60 mph) 975 hPa (28.79 inHg) South China, Vietnam $204 million 104
Gloria (Gloring) July 21 – 18 Typhoon 120 km/h (75 mph) 965 hPa (28.50 inHg) Philippines, Taiwan, China $20 million 23
Herb (Huaning) July 23 – August 4 Typhoon 175 km/h (110 mph) 925 hPa (27.32 inHg) Mariana Islands, Taiwan, Ryukyu Islands, China $5 billion 284
Ian July 28 – 29 Tropical depression 75 km/h (45 mph) 1002 hPa (29.59 inHg) Mariana Islands None None
Joy July 29 – August 6 Severe tropical storm 100 km/h (65 mph) 980 hPa (28.94 inHg) None None None
TD July 31 Tropical depression Not specified 1004 hPa (29.65 inHg) Caroline Islands None None
TD August 2 – 3 Tropical depression Not specified 998 hPa (29.47 inHg) South China None None
Kirk (Isang) August 3 – 15 Typhoon 140 km/h (85 mph) 955 hPa (28.20 inHg) Japan None 2
Lisa August 5 – 9 Tropical storm 75 km/h (45 mph) 996 hPa (29.41 inHg) South China None None
TD August 7 Tropical depression Not specified 1002 hPa (29.59 inHg) None None None
15W August 12 – 16 Tropical depression 55 km/h (35 mph) 998 hPa (29.47 inHg) None None None
TD August 12 Tropical depression Not specified 1002 hPa (29.59 inHg) South China None None
Marty August 12 – 16 Tropical depression 95 km/h (60 mph) 998 hPa (29.47 inHg) South China, Vietnam $198 million 125
17W August 14 – 16 Tropical depression 55 km/h (35 mph) 1008 hPa (29.77 inHg) None None None
Niki (Lusing) August 17 – 23 Typhoon 140 km/h (85 mph) 955 hPa (28.20 inHg) Philippines, Vietnam, South China $65 million Unknown
TD August 17 Tropical depression Not specified 1008 hPa (29.77 inHg) None None None
Orson August 20 – September 3 Typhoon 140 km/h (85 mph) 955 hPa (28.20 inHg) Mariana Islands None None
TD August 21 – 22 Tropical depression Not specified 1008 hPa (29.77 inHg) None None None
Piper August 22 – 26 Tropical storm 75 km/h (45 mph) 996 hPa (29.41 inHg) None None None
TD August 25 – 26 Tropical depression Not specified 1008 hPa (29.77 inHg) None None None
21W August 26 – 27 Tropical depression 45 km/h (30 mph) 1008 hPa (29.77 inHg) None None None
Rick August 28 – September 1 Tropical depression 65 km/h (40 mph) 1004 hPa (29.65 inHg) None None None
Sally (Maring) September 4 – 10 Typhoon 155 km/h (100 mph) 940 hPa (27.76 inHg) Philippines, South China $1.5 billion 140
24W (Ningning) September 10 – 14 Tropical depression 85 km/h (50 mph) 996 hPa (29.41 inHg) Philippines, Vietnam None None
Violet (Osang) September 11 – 23 Typhoon 165 km/h (105 mph) 935 hPa (27.32 inHg) Japan None None
Tom September 12 – 20 Typhoon 130 km/h (80 mph) 965 hPa (28.50 inHg) Mariana Islands None None
Willie September 15 – 23 Severe tropical storm 100 km/h (65 mph) 985 hPa (29.09 inHg) South China, Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos Unknown 38
Yates September 21 – October 1 Typhoon 165 km/h (105 mph) 935 hPa (27.32 inHg) Mariana Islands None None
Zane (Paring) September 23 – October 3 Typhoon 150 km/h (90 mph) 950 hPa (28.05 inHg) Marshall Islands, Mariana Islands None None
Abel (Reming) October 10 – 17 Tropical depression 95 km/h (60 mph) 1002 hPa (29.59 inHg) Philippines, Vietnam $4.3 million 8
Beth (Seniang) October 11 – 22 Severe tropical storm 110 km/h (70 mph) 975 hPa (28.79 inHg) Philippines, Vietnam Unknown Unknown
31W October 15 – 16 Tropical depression 55 km/h (35 mph) 1006 hPa (29.41 inHg) Mariana Islands None None
Carlo October 20 – 26 Typhoon 130 km/h (80 mph) 965 hPa (28.50 inHg) Mariana Islands None None
34W October 24 – 25 Tropical depression 55 km/h (35 mph) 1006 hPa (29.41 inHg) Mariana Islands None None
35W November 1 – 3 Tropical depression 75 km/h (45 mph) 998 hPa (29.47 inHg) Vietnam $138 million 60
Dale (Ulpiang) November 3 – 13 Typhoon 135 km/h (105 mph) 930 hPa (27.46 inHg) Caroline Islands, Mariana Islands None None
Ernie (Toyang) November 4 – 16 Tropical storm 75 km/h (45 mph) 996 hPa (29.41 inHg) Philippines $5.1 million 24
38W November 5 – 8 Tropical depression 95 km/h (60 mph) 1000 hPa (29.53 inHg) Wake Island None None
39W November 7 – 8 Tropical depression 55 km/h (35 mph) 1006 hPa (29.41 inHg) Mariana Islands None None
40W November 24 – 26 Tropical depression 45 km/h (30 mph) 1002 hPa (29.59 inHg) Mariana Islands None None
41W December 14 – 20 Tropical depression 55 km/h (35 mph) 1000 hPa (29.53 inHg) None None None
Fern December 21 – 29 Severe tropical storm 110 km/h (70 mph) 975 hPa (28.79 inHg) Caroline Islands, Mariana Islands $3 million None
Greg December 24 – 27 Tropical depression 85 km/h (50 mph) 1002 hPa (29.59 inHg) Malaysia, Philippines, Borneo None 127
Season aggregates
52 systems January 12 – December 29 175 km/h (110 mph) 925 hPa (27.32 inHg) 6.88 billion 935

See also

References

  1. ^ Gary Padgett. May 2003 Tropical Cyclone Summary. Archived September 25, 2006, at the Wayback Machine Retrieved 2006-08-26.
  2. ^ ftp://eclipse.ncdc.noaa.gov/pub/ibtracs/.original_source/tokyo/bst_all.txt.htm#45718 JMA Best Track of 01W
  3. ^ http://www.usno.navy.mil/NOOC/nmfc-ph/RSS/jtwc/atcr/1996atcr.pdf JTWC Annual Tropical Cyclone Report
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Joint Typhoon Warning Center. 1996 Pacific Typhoon Tropical Cyclone Report: Chapter 3. Archived 2011-06-07 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved on 2007-01-07.
  5. ^ http://www.usinflationcalculator.com/
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2005-03-16. Retrieved 2009-01-23.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)

External links

1996 Atlantic hurricane season

The 1996 Atlantic hurricane season had the most major hurricanes since 1964, which are Category 3 or higher on the Saffir-Simpson scale. Featuring a total of thirteen named storms, nine hurricanes, and six major hurricanes, the season officially began on June 1, 1996, and ended on November 30, 1996, dates which conventionally delimit the period of each year when most tropical cyclones form in the Atlantic basin. The season's first tropical cyclone, Tropical Storm Arthur, developed on June 17, while the final cyclone, Hurricane Marco dissipated on November 26. The most intense hurricane, Edouard, was a powerful Cape Verde-type hurricane that affected portions of the Mid-Atlantic states and New England. The season featured nine tropical cyclone landfalls, including six hurricanes, one of which was a major hurricane. In total, six major hurricanes formed during the 1996 Atlantic hurricane season—the highest number produced in a single season since 1964.

The four most notable tropical cyclones of the season were hurricanes Bertha, Cesar, Fran, and Hortense. Bertha made landfall as a Category 2 hurricane on the coast of North Carolina, causing a total of 12 deaths and $335 million (1996 USD) in damage. Hurricane Fran made landfall in the same general area a little over a month later as a Category 3 hurricane, causing 37 deaths and $5 billion in damage. Hurricane Cesar developed in the east Caribbean during late-July and crossed Nicaragua into the east Pacific as a strong tropical storm several days later, at which time it earned the name Douglas. The system produced strong winds and flooding, leading to 113 deaths and $202.96 million in damage. Finally, Hurricane Hortense formed in the east Atlantic during the month of September and crossed Hispaniola and Puerto Rico, causing 39 direct deaths and $158 million in damage. Collectively, the tropical cyclones of the 1996 Atlantic hurricane season caused $6.52 billion in damage and 256 deaths.

1996 North Indian Ocean cyclone season

The 1996 North Indian Ocean cyclone season featured several deadly tropical cyclones, with over 2,000 people killed during the year. The India Meteorological Department (IMD) – the Regional Specialized Meteorological Center for the northern Indian Ocean as recognized by the World Meteorological Organization – issued warnings for nine tropical cyclones in the region. Storms were also tracked on an unofficial basis by the American-based Joint Typhoon Warning Center, which observed one additional storm. The basin is split between the Bay of Bengal off the east coast of India and the Arabian Sea off the west coast. During the year, the activity was affected by the monsoon season, with most storms forming in June or after October.

The first system originated on May 7 in the Bay of Bengal, which is the body of water east of India; the storm developed in tandem with a storm in the southern hemisphere, and ultimately struck Bangladesh. Three storms formed in June. The first struck Oman and later caused devastating flooding in Yemen, killing 338 people and causing $1.2 billion in damage. The other two storms struck opposite sides of India, collectively resulting in 226 deaths after causing widespread flooding. After a brief land depression in July and a weak depression in early October, the season featured four notable cyclones beginning in late October. A low pressure area moved across southern India, killing 388 people before taking an unusual track in the Arabian Sea. At the end of October, a deep depression killed 14 people in Bangladesh. The strongest cyclone of the season was also the deadliest, killing 1,077 people when it struck Andhra Pradesh in early November. The final storm of the season executed a rare loop in the Bay of Bengal before weakening and striking southern India in early December, killing seven.

1996 Pacific hurricane season

The 1996 Pacific hurricane season saw a record four Pacific hurricanes strike Mexico. It was a below average season that produced 9 tropical storms, 5 hurricanes and 2 major hurricanes. It officially began May 15, 1996, in the eastern north Pacific and on June 1, 1996, in the central north Pacific. It ended on November 30, 1996. These dates conventionally delimit the period of each year when most tropical cyclones form in the northeastern Pacific Ocean. The season slightly exceeded these bounds when tropical storm One-E formed on May 13.

Few storms formed this season, but it was very eventful. Twelve tropical cyclones formed during this season, of which five made landfall and two other impacted land areas. Two tropical cyclones that formed in other basins entered the eastern north Pacific Ocean. Early in the season three tropical cyclones impacted Mexico in a ten-day span, while the first cyclone of the season formed before it officially began. Hurricane Douglas was the strongest storm, reaching Category 4 intensity on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale and had its beginnings in the Atlantic as Hurricane Cesar.

Tropical Storm Fern (1996)

Severe Tropical Storm Fern was a damaging storm that struck Yap in the 1996 Pacific typhoon season. A tropical depression formed on December 21, when a low-level circulation center began to produce deep convection. The depression strengthened into a tropical storm the next day, and was given the name Fern by the Joint Typhoon Warning Center (JTWC). The storm slowly intensified into a Category 1 typhoon on the Saffir–Simpson hurricane wind scale, according to JTWC. Fern peaked north of Yap on December 26, with JTWC assessing winds of 150 km/h (90 mph), while the Regional Specialized Meteorological Center, Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA) assessed peak winds of 110 km/h (70 mph), just below typhoon strength. The storm soon became sheared and weakened slowly. Fern continued to weaken to a tropical depression on December 30. Both agencies stopped advisories later on the same day.

Fern made a direct hit at Yap on Christmas Day. A cargo ship was abandoned after it was damaged by high winds offshore. On the island, Fern caused $3 million (1996 USD) of damage. Roads and bridges were significantly damaged, and other public facilities were destroyed. Crops and private properties also received damage. A state of emergency was declared in Yap State two weeks later, and became a disaster area two months later.

Typhoon Herb

Typhoon Herb, known in the Philippines as Typhoon Huaning, was the strongest and the largest storm of 1996. Herb struck the Ryūkyū Islands, Taiwan and the People's Republic of China, causing major damage. The name Herb was used in the Western Pacific name list for the first time after the list had been revised earlier in 1996. Although the name was not retired, the Western Pacific name list was changed from English names to Asian names in 2000, so 1996 was in fact the only occasion when the name was used (it was never used in the Atlantic Ocean or the Eastern Pacific.)

Typhoon Sally (1996)

Typhoon Sally also known in the Philippines as Typhoon Maring was an extremely intense tropical cyclone that caused widespread damage across southeastern Asia, particularly in China, in September 1996. Forming well east of the Philippines on September 5, Sally quickly intensified as it tracked westward within favorable conditions. The system reached tropical storm intensity several hours after tropical cyclogenesis was completed, and strengthened further into typhoon intensity the following day. On September 7, Sally reached super typhoon status shortly before attaining its peak intensity with maximum sustained winds of 260 km/h (160 mph) and a barometric pressure of 940 mbar (hPa; 27.76 inHg). Quickly moving across the South China Sea, Sally substantially weakened but remained a strong typhoon before making its first landfall on the Leizhou Peninsula on September 9. The tropical cyclone's trek brought it briefly over the Gulf of Tonkin before making a final landfall near the border of China and Vietnam. The typhoon rapidly deteriorated inland and dissipated later that day.

Tropical cyclones of the 1996 Pacific typhoon season

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