1994 Asian Games

The 1994 Asian Games (Japanese: 1994年アジア競技大会, 1994-nen Ajia kyōgi taikai), also known as the XII Asiad and the 12th Asian Games, were held from October 2 to 16, 1994, in Hiroshima, Japan. The main theme of this edition was to promote peace and harmony among Asian nations. It was emphasized by the host because the venue was the site of the first atomic bomb attack 49 years earlier. Due to the 1991 Gulf War, Iraq was suspended from the games.[1][2]

There were a total number of 6,828 athletes and officials involved, from 42 countries, with a total number of 34 events. Debut sports at this edition of the Asiad were baseball, karate and modern pentathlon.[1]

XII Asian Games
12th asiad
MottoAsian Harmony
Nations participating42
Athletes participating6,828
Events338 in 34 sports
Opening ceremony2 October
Closing ceremony16 October
Officially opened byAkihito
Emperor of Japan
Officially closed byAhmad Al-Fahad Al-Sabah
President of the Olympic Council of Asia
Torch lighterAki Ichijo
Yasunori Uchitomi
Beijing 1990 Bangkok 1998  >

Bidding process

In 1983, two cities in Asia demonstrated interest to host the 1990 Asian Games, one was Beijing in the People's Republic of China and the other was Hiroshima in Japan.The two appeared before the Olympic Council of Asia, during a meeting of the same, the following year in Seoul, that also served as a previous meeting to evaluate the preparations of the city for the next Asian Games and also for the 1988 Summer Olympics. Beijing eventually won the right to host the 1990 edition, while Hiroshima, when presenting an excellent technical level application, was ratified as the venue of the 1994 Games.[3]

34 votes were needed for selection.

Development and preparation


1994 Asian Games is located in Japan
Host cities of the 1994 Asian Games
Hiroshima Big Arch
  • Main Stadium - Opening and closing ceremonies, Athletics, Football (finals)
  • Regional Park Stadium Field 1 - Football (Group stage)
  • Regional Park Stadium Field 2 - Hockey
  • Tennis court - Tennis
Hiroshima Institute of Technology
  • Tsuru Memorial Center - Badminton
  • Equestrian ground - Equestrian, Modern pentathlon (Equestrian)
  • Hiroshima Municipal Stadium - Baseball
  • Hiroshima Sogo Ground Baseball Park - Baseball
  • Hiroshima Velodrome - Cycling (Track)
  • Hiroshima Sun Plaza - Gymnastics, Judo
  • Hiroshima Big Wave Pool - Aquatics, Modern pentathlon (Swimming)
  • Hiroshima Shudo University - Softball, Kabaddi
  • Hiroshima University of Economics - Basketball
  • Hiroshima Prefectural Sports Center - Gymnastics, Volleyball
  • Naka Ward Sports Center - Boxing
  • Higashi To Ward Sports Center - Handball
  • Aki Ward Sports Center - Karate, Taekwondo, Wushu
  • Saeki Ward Sports Center - Sepak takraw, Weightlifting
  • Asakita Ward Sports Center - Table tennis
  • Higashi Stadium East Hiroshima Park - Wrestling
  • Seibu Kyuryo Toshi Clay Shooting Range - Shooting
  • Hiroden bowl - Bowling
  • Hiroshima Kanon Marina - Sailing
  • Central Tennis Stadium - Soft tennis
  • Fukuyama Ashida River - Rowing
  • Senogawa Park - Archery
  • Otake Stadium - Basketball
  • Kure Nikoh Baseball Stadium - Baseball
  • Haji Dam - Canoeing
  • Tsutsuga Rifle Shooting Range - Shooting, Modern pentathlon (Shooting)
  • Hiroshima Country Club - Golf
  • Municipal central forest park - Cycling (Individual time trial)
  • Mihara Region Plaza - Fencing, Modern Pentathlon (Fencing, Running)
  • Hiroshima Stadium - Football (Group Stage)
  • Miyoshi Athletic Stadium - Football (Group Stage)
  • Bingo Athletic Stadium - Football (Group stage)
  • Fukuyama Takegahana Stadium - Football (Women)


The emblem of the games is an abstract image of a dove, symbol of peace, which resembles the letter 'H' initial as in the host city name Hiroshima, reflecting Hiroshima's desire for peace. The OCA emblem is the symbol of Asian Games as a whole which resembles athlete in motion.[4]


12th asiad mascot
Official mascots

The official mascot of the XII Asiad is a pair of white doves. Poppo and Cuccu, male and female respectively, represent peace and harmony - the main theme of this edition of the Asian Games.[2] They were designed by well-known manga artist and character designer Susumu Matsushita.

The games

Participating nations

National Olympic Committees (NOCs) are named according to their official IOC designations and arranged according to their official IOC country codes in 1994.[1]



 OC  Opening ceremony     Event competitions  1  Gold medal events  CC  Closing ceremony
October 1994 1st
Archery pictogram.svg Archery 1 1 2 4
Athletics pictogram.svg Athletics 2 4 7 3 10 9 8 43
Badminton pictogram.svg Badminton 2 5 7
Baseball pictogram.svg Baseball 1 1
Basketball pictogram.svg Basketball 1 1 2
Bowling pictogram.svg Bowling 2 2 2 4 2 12
Boxing pictogram.svg Boxing 12 12
Canoeing (flatwater) pictogram.svg Canoeing 7 6 13
Cycling (road) pictogram.svg Cycling – Road 1 2 3
Cycling (track) pictogram.svg Cycling – Track 2 2 3 7
Diving pictogram.svg Diving 2 2 4
Equestrian pictogram.svg Equestrian 1 1 1 1 4
Fencing pictogram.svg Fencing 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 8
Field hockey pictogram.svg Field hockey 1 1 2
Football pictogram.svg Football 1 1 2
Golf pictogram.svg Golf 4 4
Gymnastics (artistic) pictogram.svg Gymnastics – Artistic 1 1 2 10 14
Gymnastics (rhythmic) pictogram.svg Gymnastics – Rhythmic 1 1 2
Handball pictogram.svg Handball 1 1 2
Judo pictogram.svg Judo 4 4 4 4 16
Kabaddi pictogram.svg Kabaddi 1 1
Karate pictogram.svg Karate 4 4 3 11
Modern pentathlon pictogram.svg Modern pentathlon 2 2
Rowing pictogram.svg Rowing 12 12
Sailing pictogram.svg Sailing 7 7
Sepaktakraw pictogram.svg Sepaktakraw 1 1
Shooting pictogram.svg Shooting 4 6 4 2 4 4 6 4 34
Soft tennis pictogram.svg Soft tennis 2 2 4
Softball pictogram.svg Softball 1 1
Swimming pictogram.svg Swimming 4 5 5 5 6 6 31
Synchronized swimming pictogram.svg Synchronized swimming 2 2
Table tennis pictogram.svg Table tennis 1 1 3 2 7
Taekwondo pictogram.svg Taekwondo 4 4 8
Tennis pictogram.svg Tennis 1 1 5 7
Volleyball (indoor) pictogram.svg Volleyball 1 1 2
Water polo pictogram.svg Water polo 1 1
Weightlifting pictogram.svg Weightlifting 3 3 3 2 2 2 2 2 19
Wrestling pictogram.svg Wrestling 5 5 5 5 20
Wushu pictogram.svg Wushu 1 2 3 6
Daily medal events 14 16 22 28 17 23 42 35 22 17 36 32 24 10 338
Ceremonies OC CC
October 1994 1st

Medal table

The top ten ranked NOCs at these Games are listed below. The host nation, Japan, is highlighted.

  *   Host nation (Japan)

1 China (CHN)1268357266
2 Japan (JPN)*647579218
3 South Korea (KOR)635664183
4 Kazakhstan (KAZ)27252779
5 Uzbekistan (UZB)11121942
6 Iran (IRI)99826
7 Chinese Taipei (TPE)7132444
8 India (IND)431623
9 Malaysia (MAS)421319
10 Qatar (QAT)41510
Totals (32 nations)3393374031079

Doping scandal

The Chinese had 11 athletes test positive for the banned drugs and anabolic steroids at the 1994 Asian Games.[5] Less than a month before the Asian Games scandal at the 1994 world championships in Rome the Chinese had won 12 of the 16 women's swimming titles, with two of those nine world champions among those who tested positive at the Asian games.[6][7][8][9][10]


  1. ^ a b c "Past Asian Games – Hiroshima 1994 Asian Games". beijing2008.cn (official website of 2008 Beijing Olympics). November 22, 2006. Archived from the original on June 17, 2013. Retrieved May 26, 2011.
  2. ^ a b "12th Asian Games Hiroshima 1994 - Poppo & CuCCu". GAGOC. gz2010.cn (official website of 2010 Asian Games). April 27, 2008. Retrieved May 26, 2011.
  3. ^ "The 11th Asian Games : Beijing, China". Hangzhou 2022 Official Website. 4 September 2018.
  4. ^ "Outline". Archived from the original on 1998-02-05. Retrieved 2019-02-21.
  5. ^ "10 Drug Scandals–Chinese swim team". cbc.ca (CBC Sports Online). January 19, 2003. Retrieved May 26, 2011.
  6. ^ Parr, Derek (July 13, 2000). "Chinese World Record-Holder Tests Positive for Steroids". swimmingworldmagazine.com (Swimming World Magazine). Archived from the original on 2012-09-02. Retrieved May 26, 2011.
  7. ^ Wolff, Alexandra (October 16, 1995). "The China Syndrome". sportsillustrated.com (Sports Illustrated). Retrieved May 26, 2011.
  8. ^ "OLYMPICS; Drug Sleuths' Surprise Produces a Breakthrough". The New York Times. 18 December 1994. Retrieved 10 September 2012.
  9. ^ "Swimming: Two-year ban for Chinese". The Independent. HighBeam Research. 13 December 1994. Archived from the original on 3 June 2013. Retrieved 10 September 2012.
  10. ^ "Asian Games". The Washington Post. HighBeam Research. 5 December 1994. Archived from the original on 3 June 2013. Retrieved 10 September 2012.

External links

Preceded by
Asian Games

XII Asian Games (1994)
Succeeded by
Athletics at the 1994 Asian Games

Athletics was contested at the 1994 Asian Games in Hiroshima Big Arch, Hiroshima, Japan from October 9 to October 16.

The original winner of the women's 400 metres hurdles, Han Qing of China, was disqualified for doping – the first Asian Games athletics winner to be disqualified in such a manner.

Badminton at the 1994 Asian Games

Badminton was contested at the 1994 Asian Games in Tsuru Memorial Gymnasium, Hiroshima, Japan from October 7 to October 15.

Bang Soo-hyun

Bang Soo-Hyun (Hangul: 방수현, Hanja: 方銖賢, born September 13, 1972 in Seoul) is a former badminton player from South Korea who was one of the world's leading women's singles players of the 1990s. She was a contemporary and rival of Indonesia's Susi Susanti and China's Ye Zhaoying and recorded wins over both in major badminton tournaments. Noted for a style that combined impressive power and movement, she retired from competition after her victory in the 1996 Atlanta Olympics, shortly before her 24th birthday.

Basketball at the 1994 Asian Games

Basketball was one of the many sports which was held at the 1994 Asian Games in Hiroshima, Japan between 3 October and 15 October 1994. China defeated Korea in the men's final en route to their 4th title, while Korea edged host Japan to claim their 2nd title in the women's final.

China at the 1994 Asian Games

China competed in the 1994 Asian Games which were held in Hiroshima, Japan from October 2, 1994 to October 16, 1994.

Chung So-young

Chung So-young (born March 4, 1967) is a former female badminton player from South Korea.

At the Barcelona Olympics in 1992 she won the gold medal in the women's doubles together with Hwang Hye-young.

Football at the 1994 Asian Games

Football at the 1994 Asian Games was held in Hiroshima, Japan from 1 to 17 October 1994. The AFC suggested that only under-23 teams should be entered,which means that all the players must be born after January 1, 1971. But this was ignored by all participants except Saudi Arabia.

The women's tournament doubled the Asian qualification of 1995 FIFA Women's World Cup, where China and Japan qualified.

Japan at the 1994 Asian Games

Japan participated and hosted the 1994 Asian Games held in Hiroshima, Japan from October 2, 1994 to October 16, 1994.

This country was ranked 2nd with 64 gold medals, 75 silver medals and 79 bronze medals with a total of 218 medals

to secure its second spot in the medal tally.

Kabaddi at the 1994 Asian Games

Kabaddi was contested by five teams at the 1994 Asian Games in Hiroshima, Japan from October 12 to October 14.

India won the gold by a 4-0 record, For India the crunch match was against Pakistan, their first match against Pakistan was abandoned in controversial circumstances when the scores were tied 19-all with more than a minute left for the final whistle. A replay was ordered by the technical committee.

Lee Heung-soon

Lee Heung-soon is a retired female badminton player from South Korea.

Ma Wenge

Ma Wenge (Chinese: 马文革; born March 27, 1968) is a male table tennis player from China. He won a bronze medal in 1992 Barcelona Olympics Games in men's single, as well as men's team champion of 1995 and 1997 world table tennis championship (together with Wang Tao, Ding Song, Kong Linghui and Liu Guoliang).

He won the Men's singles in the Table Tennis World Cup in 1989 and 1992 and was a silver medalist in 1990.

Nana Smith

Nana Smith (born Nana Miyagi on 10 April 1971) is an American tennis player who played for Japan. She is a former top-15 player in doubles.

Qatar at the 1994 Asian Games

Qatar competed in the 1994 Asian Games in Hiroshima, Japan. They won a total of (4) gold, (1) silver, and (5) bronze medals. They won a total of 10 medals. They won all their medals in athletics, in the men's 100m, 200m, 400m, 1500m, 5000m, 400m hurdles, 1x400m relay, and 4 × 400 m relay.

Sergey Korepanov

Sergey Arsentyevich Korepanov (Russian: Серге́й Арсентьевич Корепанов; born May 9, 1964 in Izhevsk, Udmurtskaya Respublika) is a Kazakhstani race walker.

South Korea at the 1994 Asian Games

South Korea (IOC designation:Korea) participated in the 1994 Asian Games held in Hiroshima, Japan from October 2 to October 16, 1994.

Table tennis at the 1994 Asian Games

Table tennis was contested at the 1994 Asian Games in Asakita Ward Sports Center, Hiroshima, Japan from 5 October 1994 to 14 October 1994.

Table tennis had team, doubles and singles events for men and women, as well as a mixed doubles competition.

Wang Shi-ting

Wang Shi-Ting (Chinese: 王思婷; pinyin: Wáng Sītíng; born 19 October 1973) is a retired tennis player from Taiwan. She turned professional in 1991. In her career, she won six singles titles on the WTA Tour. She played 49 times over 11 years for Chinese Taipei Fed Cup team, earning a 51–25 overall record and setting many team records.

Wang retired from the tour in 2000. Since 2006, she has been the captain of the Chinese Taipei Fed Cup team.

Water polo at the 1994 Asian Games

Water polo was contested for men only at the 1994 Asian Games at the Hiroshima Big Wave Pool, Hiroshima, Japan from 11 October to 15 October 1994.

Kazakhstan won the gold medal with a perfect record in its debut at the Asian Games, China finished second and Japan won the bronze medal in round robin competition.

Wrestling at the 1994 Asian Games

Wrestling was one of the sports which was held at the 1994 Asian Games in Higashi-Hiroshima Sports Park, Hiroshima, Japan between 4 October and 10 October 1994. The competition included only men's events.

1990 Asian Games bidding result
City Country Votes
Beijing  China 44
Hiroshima  Japan 23
Summer Games
Winter Games
Nations at the 1994 Asian Games in Hiroshima, Japan
Events at the 1994 Asian Games (Hiroshima)

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