1991 in Canada

Events from the year 1991 in Canada.

Years in Canada: 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994
Centuries: 19th century · 20th century · 21st century
Decades: 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s 2000s 2010s 2020s
Years: 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994



Federal government

Provincial governments

Lieutenant governors


Territorial governments




January to June

July to December

Full date unknown

Arts and literature

New works







January to June

July to December

See also


  1. ^ "Abigail Raye". Team Canada - Official 2018 Olympic Team Website. 25 October 2011. Retrieved 8 November 2018.
1991 Governor General's Awards

Each winner of the 1991 Governor General's Awards for Literary Merit received $10,000 and a medal from the Governor General of Canada. The winners were selected by a panel of judges administered by the Canada Council for the Arts.

1991 Toronto bomb plot

The 1991 Toronto bomb plot refers to an Islamist terror plot that sought to blow up two Toronto buildings - the India Centre cinema and the Vishnu Hindu temple - potentially killing 4,500 persons; it was the first 'homegrown' Islamic terriost plot on Toronto.Eventually, Canadian authorities arrested five men of Trinidadian and Dominican ethnicity, and accused them of ties to Jamaat ul-Fuqra alongside the bomb plot. All five beat the main charge of conspiring to commit murder.

1991 reasons of the Supreme Court of Canada

The list below consists of the reasons delivered from the bench by the Supreme Court of Canada during 1991. This list, however, does not include decisions on motions.

A Day in My Life (Without You)

"A Day in My Life (Without You)" is the second single from the album Together Forever, released by singer of hip-hop and freestyle music Lisette Melendez in 1991. Although it has not achieved the same success of the previous single, the song was close to becoming a hit, reaching No. 49 on the Billboard Hot 100 on November 9, 1991. In Canada, the song remained on the chart for a week of dance songs, peaking at No. 10.

Air BC

Air BC was a Canadian regional airline headquartered in Richmond, British Columbia, Canada. It later became part of Air Canada Jazz. This regional airline primarily flew turboprop aircraft but also operated jets as well as an Air Canada Connector carrier on behalf of Air Canada via a code share feeder agreement.

Convention on the Marking of Plastic Explosives

The Convention on the Marking of Plastic Explosives for the Purpose of Detection is a multilateral anti-terrorism treaty that aims to prohibit and prevent the manufacture or storage of unmarked plastic explosives.

Freedom! '90

"Freedom! '90" (also known simply as "Freedom!") is a song written, produced, and performed by George Michael, and released on Columbia Records in 1990. The "'90" added to the end of the title is to prevent confusion with a hit by Michael's former band Wham!, also titled "Freedom". The song's backing beat is a sample from James Brown's song Funky Drummer.

It was the third single taken from Listen Without Prejudice Vol. 1, though released as the second single from the album in the United States and Australia. "Freedom! '90" was one of a few uptempo songs on this album. It was a major hit and peaked at number 8 on the United States Billboard Hot 100. The song refers to Michael's past success with Wham!, yet also shows a new side of himself as a new man, who is more cynical about the music business than he had been before. Michael refused to appear in the video and allowed a group of supermodels to appear instead.

Michael performed this song, alongside his 2012 single "White Light", during the closing ceremony of the 2012 London Olympics.

Goods and services tax (Canada)

The Goods and Services Tax (GST) (French: taxe sur les produits et services, TPS) is a multi-level value added tax introduced in Canada on January 1, 1991, by then-Prime Minister Brian Mulroney and his finance minister Michael Wilson. The GST replaced a hidden 13.5% manufacturers' sales tax (MST); Mulroney claimed the GST was implemented because the MST was hindering the manufacturing sector's ability to export competitively. The introduction of the GST was very controversial. The GST rate is 5%, effective January 1, 2008.

The Goods and Services Tax is defined in law at Part IX of the Excise Tax Act. GST is levied on supplies of goods or services purchased in Canada and includes most products, except certain politically sensitive essentials such as groceries, residential rent, and medical services, and services such as financial services. Businesses that purchase goods and services that are consumed, used or supplied in the course of their "commercial activities" can claim "input tax credits" subject to prescribed documentation requirements (i.e., when they remit to the Canada Revenue Agency the GST they have collected in any given period of time, they are allowed to deduct the amount of GST they paid during that period). This avoids "cascading" (i.e., the application of the GST on the same good or service several times as it passes from business to business on its way to the final consumer). In this way, the tax is essentially borne by the final consumer. This system is not completely effective, as shown by criminals who defrauded the system by claiming GST input credits for non-existent sales by a fictional company. Exported goods are "zero-rated", while individuals with low incomes can receive a GST rebate calculated in conjunction with their income tax.

In 1997, the provinces of Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and Newfoundland (now Newfoundland and Labrador) and the Government of Canada merged their respective sales taxes into the Harmonized Sales Tax (HST). In all Atlantic provinces, the current HST rate is 15%. HST is administered by the Canada Revenue Agency, with revenues divided among participating governments according to a formula. Ontario and British Columbia both harmonized the GST with their provincial sales tax (PST) effective July 1, 2010. However, the British Columbia HST was defeated in an August 2011 mail-in referendum by a 55% majority vote, and was converted to the old GST/PST system effective April 1, 2013. On the same day, Prince Edward Island enacted HST at the rate of 14%. In Ontario, the HST totals 13%, however many of the pre-HST exemptions remain affecting only the provincial portion of the HST (for example, prepared food under $4.00 is not subject to the provincial portion of HST and is only taxed at 5%). On the other hand, some items that were only subjected to the PST are now charged the full HST (i.e., 13%). Although the Government of Ontario has made efforts to provide documentation as to what items are affected and how, this causes some confusion for consumers as they are often not sure what taxes to expect at the checkout. To accommodate these exemptions, many retailers simply display each tax individually as HST 1 and HST 2 (or some variant). The move to HST came about as part of Ontario's 2009 provincial budget. Only three provinces (British Columbia, Manitoba, and Saskatchewan) continue to impose a separate sales tax at the retail level only. Alberta is the exception, not imposing a provincial sales tax.

The three territories of Canada (Yukon, Northwest Territories and Nunavut) do not have territorial sales taxes. The government of Quebec administers both the federal GST and the provincial Quebec Sales Tax (QST). It is the only province to administer the federal tax.

Heaven (Bryan Adams song)

"Heaven" is a song by the Canadian singer and songwriter Bryan Adams recorded in 1983, written by Adams and Jim Vallance. It first appeared on the A Night in Heaven soundtrack album the same year and was later included on Adams' album Reckless in 1984. It was released as the third single from Reckless and reached number one on the U.S. Billboard Hot 100 in June 1985, over a year and a half after the song first appeared on record. The single was certified Gold in Canada in 1985.Heavily influenced by Journey's 1983 hit "Faithfully", the song was written while Adams served as the opening act on that band's Frontiers Tour, and features their drummer, Steve Smith. It provided Adams with his first number one single and third top 10 hit on the Billboard Hot 100 chart. The track placed number 24 on Billboard magazine's Top Pop Singles of 1985.

Ho Man Lok

Ho Man Lok (born September 27, 1991 in Canada) is a Hong Kong sprinter. He represented Hong Kong at the 2012 Summer Olympics as part of the men's 4x100m relay team. The team didn't win a medal.

Just Have a Heart

"Just Have a Heart" is a song recorded by American R&B singer Angela Clemmons for her second studio album, This Is Love (1987). It was written by Aldo Nova, Billy Steinberg and Ralph McCarthy, and produced by Nova. Later, it was covered by Canadian singer Celine Dion.

List of 1991 Canadian incumbents

See also: 1990 Canadian incumbents, 1992 Canadian incumbents

Nintendo Campus Challenge 1991

Nintendo Campus Challenge 1991 was a video game competition sponsored by Nintendo and held at nearly 60 college campuses throughout the United States. It was the first of two Campus Challenges.

Radim Nyč

Radim Nyč (born April 11, 1966) is a former Czech cross-country skier who raced from 1988 to 1994. He earned a bronze medal in the 4 x 10 km relay at the 1988 Winter Olympics in Calgary while his best individual Winter Olympics finish was a 6th in the 50 km event in 1992.

Nyč also won a bronze medal in the 4 x 10 km relay at the 1989 FIS Nordic World Ski Championships. His best individual finish at the Nordic skiing World Championships was a 13th in the 15 km event at those same championships.

Nyč's best career World Cup finish was sixth in 1991 in Canada.

Say It with Love

"Say It with Love" is the lead single from The Moody Blues 1991 album Keys of the Kingdom. Written by Justin Hayward, it was released as a single in June 1991, with "Lean on Me (Tonight)" on the B-side. "Say It with Love" was moderately successful, and charted at number 22 on the Mainstream Rock chart in 1991. In Canada, it reached number 36 in the RPM Top 100 Singles and number 28 in the RPM Top 40 AC.

Touch (Sarah McLachlan album)

Touch is the debut album by Canadian singer-songwriter Sarah McLachlan, released in 1988 and then re-released in 1989.

The album was originally released in 1988 by Nettwerk. McLachlan later signed to Arista Records internationally (although remaining on Nettwerk in Canada), and a revamped version of Touch, with several remixed songs and a new track, was released in 1989 on both labels. The original 1988 release was discontinued by Nettwerk, and is now considered a collector's item. It is distinguished by its black and sepia cover. The first released single from the album was "Vox" in 1988, followed by "Steaming" in 1989.

The album was popular in alternative rock circles, but McLachlan would not achieve commercial stardom until 1991 in Canada, with Solace, and 1994 (1995 in some countries) internationally, with her 1993 album Fumbling Towards Ecstasy. None of Touch’s songs would permanently remain part of Sarah McLachlan’s concerts: except for “Vox”, she has never performed any of her debut album’s songs live since the tours supporting Fumbling Towards Ecstasy, and even “Vox” has not been played since 2004.In 1993, McLachlan and Nettwerk were sued by Darryl Neudorf, a Vancouver musician and former member of 54-40, who alleged that he had made a significant and uncredited contribution to the songwriting on Touch. Although both McLachlan and Nettwerk acknowledged that Neudorf was involved in the album's production, both took the position that his contribution had not been primarily in songwriting. The judge in that suit ultimately ruled in McLachlan's favor.

Why Baby Why

"Why Baby Why" is the title of a country music song co-written and originally recorded by George Jones. Released in late 1955 on Starday Records and produced by Starday co-founder and Jones' manager Pappy Daily, it peaked at 4 on the Billboard country charts that year. It was Jones' first chart single, following several unsuccessful singles released during the prior year on Starday.

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