1991 Major League Baseball season

The 1991 Major League Baseball season saw the Minnesota Twins defeat the Atlanta Braves for the World Series title, in a series where every game was won by the home team.

1991 MLB season
LeagueMajor League Baseball
SportBaseball
DurationApril 8 – October 27, 1991
Draft
Top draft pickBrien Taylor
Picked byNew York Yankees
Regular Season
Season MVPAL: Cal Ripken, Jr. (BAL)
NL: Terry Pendleton (ATL)
League Postseason
AL championsMinnesota Twins
  AL runners-upToronto Blue Jays
NL championsAtlanta Braves
  NL runners-upPittsburgh Pirates
World Series
ChampionsMinnesota Twins
  Runners-upAtlanta Braves
Finals MVPJack Morris (MIN)
Baltimore Memorial Stadium 1991
The Baltimore Orioles at play during a 1991 home game at Memorial Stadium.

Awards and honors

Baseball Writers' Association of America Awards
BBWAA Award National League American League
Rookie of the Year Jeff Bagwell (HOU) Chuck Knoblauch (MIN)
Cy Young Award Tom Glavine (ATL) Roger Clemens (BOS)
Manager of the Year Bobby Cox (ATL) Tom Kelly (MIN)
Most Valuable Player Terry Pendleton (ATL) Cal Ripken Jr. (BAL)
Gold Glove Awards
Position National League American League
Pitcher Greg Maddux (CHC) Mark Langston (CAL)
Catcher Tom Pagnozzi (STL) Tony Peña (BOS)
First Baseman Will Clark (SF) Don Mattingly (NYY)
Second Baseman Ryne Sandberg (CHC) Roberto Alomar (TOR)
Third Baseman Matt Williams (SF) Robin Ventura (CHW)
Shortstop Ozzie Smith (STL) Cal Ripken Jr. (BAL)
Outfielders Barry Bonds (PIT) Kirby Puckett (MIN)
Tony Gwynn (SD) Devon White (TOR)
Andy Van Slyke (PIT) Ken Griffey Jr. (SEA)
Silver Slugger Awards
Pitcher/Designated Hitter Tom Glavine (ATL) Frank Thomas (CHW)
Catcher Benito Santiago (SD) Mickey Tettleton (DET)
First Baseman Will Clark (SF) Cecil Fielder (DET)
Second Baseman Ryne Sandberg (CHC) Julio Franco (TEX)
Third Baseman Howard Johnson (NYM) Wade Boggs (BOS)
Shortstop Barry Larkin (CIN) Cal Ripken Jr. (BAL)
Outfielders Barry Bonds (PIT) Joe Carter (TOR)
Bobby Bonilla (PIT) Ken Griffey Jr. (SEA)
Ron Gant (ATL) Jose Canseco (OAK)

Statistical leaders

Statistic American League National League
AVG Julio Franco TEX .341 Terry Pendleton ATL .319
HR José Canseco OAK
Cecil Fielder DET
44 Howard Johnson NYM 38
RBI Cecil Fielder DET 133 Howard Johnson NYM 117
Wins Scott Erickson MIN
Bill Gullickson DET
20 Tom Glavine ATL
John Smiley PIT
20
ERA Roger Clemens BOS 2.62 Dennis Martínez MTL 2.39
SO Roger Clemens BOS 241 David Cone NYM 241
SV Bryan Harvey CAL 46 Lee Smith STL 47
SB Rickey Henderson OAK 58 Marquis Grissom MTL 76

Major league baseball final standings

There was quite a bit of parity in the American League, as 10 teams finished within 10 games of each other, and only 3 teams (Yankees, Orioles, and Indians) had losing records. The standings in the American League West were quite notable because all the teams in that division finished with at least a .500 record.

American League

AL East W L Pct. GB Home Road
Toronto Blue Jays 91 71 0.562 46–35 45–36
Boston Red Sox 84 78 0.519 7 43–38 41–40
Detroit Tigers 84 78 0.519 7 49–32 35–46
Milwaukee Brewers 83 79 0.512 8 43–37 40–42
New York Yankees 71 91 0.438 20 39–42 32–49
Baltimore Orioles 67 95 0.414 24 33–48 34–47
Cleveland Indians 57 105 0.352 34 30–52 27–53
AL West W L Pct. GB Home Road
Minnesota Twins 95 67 0.586 51–30 44–37
Chicago White Sox 87 75 0.537 8 46–35 41–40
Texas Rangers 85 77 0.525 10 46–35 39–42
Oakland Athletics 84 78 0.519 11 47–34 37–44
Seattle Mariners 83 79 0.512 12 45–36 38–43
Kansas City Royals 82 80 0.506 13 40–41 42–39
California Angels 81 81 0.500 14 40–41 41–40

National League

NL East W L Pct. GB Home Road
Pittsburgh Pirates 98 64 0.605 52–32 46–32
St. Louis Cardinals 84 78 0.519 14 52–32 32–46
Philadelphia Phillies 78 84 0.481 20 47–36 31–48
Chicago Cubs 77 83 0.481 20 46–37 31–46
New York Mets 77 84 0.478 20½ 40–42 37–42
Montreal Expos 71 90 0.441 26½ 33–35 38–55
NL West W L Pct. GB Home Road
Atlanta Braves 94 68 0.580 48–33 46–35
Los Angeles Dodgers 93 69 0.574 1 54–27 39–42
San Diego Padres 84 78 0.519 10 42–39 42–39
San Francisco Giants 75 87 0.463 19 43–38 32–49
Cincinnati Reds 74 88 0.457 20 39–42 35–46
Houston Astros 65 97 0.401 29 37–44 28–53

Postseason

  League Championship Series
(ALCS, NLCS)
World Series
                 
East Toronto 1  
West Minnesota 4  
    AL Minnesota 4
  NL Atlanta 3
East Pittsburgh 3
West Atlanta 4  

Managers

American League

Team Manager Comments
Baltimore Orioles Frank Robinson Replaced during the season by Johnny Oates
Boston Red Sox Joe Morgan
California Angels Doug Rader Replaced during the season by Buck Rodgers
Chicago White Sox Jeff Torborg
Cleveland Indians John McNamara Replaced during the season by Mike Hargrove
Detroit Tigers Sparky Anderson
Kansas City Royals John Wathan Replaced during the season by Hal McRae
Milwaukee Brewers Tom Trebelhorn
Minnesota Twins Tom Kelly Won the World Series
New York Yankees Stump Merrill
Oakland Athletics Tony La Russa
Seattle Mariners Jim Lefebvre
Texas Rangers Bobby Valentine
Toronto Blue Jays Cito Gaston Replaced temporarily by Gene Tenace while undergoing treatment for a herniated disc

National League

Team Manager Comments
Atlanta Braves Bobby Cox Won National League pennant
Chicago Cubs Don Zimmer Replaced during the season by Jim Essian
Cincinnati Reds Lou Piniella
Houston Astros Art Howe
Los Angeles Dodgers Tommy Lasorda
Montreal Expos Buck Rodgers Replaced during the season by Tom Runnels
New York Mets Bud Harrelson Replaced during the season by Mike Cubbage
Philadelphia Phillies Nick Leyva Replaced during the season by Jim Fregosi
Pittsburgh Pirates Jim Leyland
St. Louis Cardinals Joe Torre
San Diego Padres Greg Riddoch
San Francisco Giants Roger Craig

Television coverage

Network Day of week Announcers
CBS Saturday afternoons Jack Buck, Tim McCarver, Dick Stockton, Jim Kaat
ESPN Sunday nights
Tuesday nights
Wednesday nights
Friday nights
Jon Miller, Joe Morgan

Events

January–March

  • January 6 – Alan Wiggins, former leadoff hitter for the San Diego Padres and a key member of their 1984 pennant run, becomes the first baseball player known to die of AIDS. He was 32.
  • January 7 – Pete Rose is released from Marion Federal Prison after serving a five-month sentence for tax evasion.
  • January 8 – Rod Carew, Gaylord Perry and Ferguson Jenkins are elected to the Hall of Fame by the Baseball Writers' Association of America, with Carew becoming the 22nd player to be named in his first year of eligibility.
  • February 4 – The 12 members of the board of directors of the Hall of Fame vote unanimously to bar Pete Rose from the ballot. He will become eligible again only if the commissioner reinstates him by December 2005.
  • February 26 – New York Yankees second baseman Tony Lazzeri and major league owner Bill Veeck are elected to the Hall of Fame by the Veterans Committee.

April–June

July–September

October–December

External links

References

  1. ^ Giuliotti, Ed (April 14, 1991). "Van Slyke Creates Sticky Situation Over Helmet Decals". Sun-Sentinel. Retrieved December 8, 2017.
1991 Baltimore Orioles season

The 1991 Baltimore Orioles season was a season in American baseball. It involved the Orioles finishing 6th in the American League East with a record of 67 wins and 95 losses. Cal Ripken. Jr. would be the first shortstop in the history of the American League to win two MVP awards in a career. This was also the Orioles' last year at Memorial Stadium. The O's would move into Oriole Park at Camden Yards.

1991 Boston Red Sox season

The 1991 Boston Red Sox season was the 91st season in the franchise's Major League Baseball history. The Red Sox finished tied for second in the American League East with a record of 84 wins and 78 losses, seven games behind the Toronto Blue Jays.

1991 California Angels season

The California Angels 1991 season involved the Angels finishing 7th in the American League West with a record of 81 wins and 81 losses.

1991 Chicago Cubs season

The 1991 Chicago Cubs season was the 120th season of the Chicago Cubs franchise, the 116th in the National League and the 76th at Wrigley Field. The Cubs finished fourth in the National League East with a record of 77–83.

1991 Cincinnati Reds season

The Cincinnati Reds' 1991 season was a season in American baseball. It consisted of the Cincinnati Reds attempting to win the National League West.

1991 Cleveland Indians season

The Cleveland Indians lost 105 games in 1991, the most in franchise history.

1991 Houston Astros season

The Houston Astros' 1991 season was a season in American baseball. It involved the Houston Astros attempting to win the National League West.

The Astros finished 65-97, which tied the 1965 and 1975 clubs for the most losses in franchise history at the time.

1991 Kansas City Royals season

The 1991 Kansas City Royals season involved the Royals finishing 6th in the American League West with a record of 82 wins and 80 losses.

1991 Major League Baseball All-Star Game

The 1991 Major League Baseball All-Star Game was the 62nd playing of the midsummer classic between the all-stars of the American League (AL) and National League (NL), the two leagues comprising Major League Baseball. The game was held on July 9, 1991, at SkyDome in Toronto, the home of the Toronto Blue Jays of the American League. It was only the second time that the game was played outside the United States, as the National League's Montreal Expos hosted the 1982 Midsummer Classic at Olympic Stadium in Montreal, Quebec. The game resulted in the American League defeating the National League 4-2. Both the winning and losing pitchers represented the Canadian teams; the Blue Jays' Jimmy Key earned the win while the Expos' Dennis Martínez was given the loss. This was also the only All-Star Game to be awarded by Commissioner A. Bartlett Giamatti, who awarded the game to the Blue Jays on Canada Day 1989.

1991 Milwaukee Brewers season

The 1991 Milwaukee Brewers season involved the Brewers' finishing 4th in the American League East with a record of 83 wins and 79 losses.

1991 Montreal Expos season

The 1991 Montreal Expos season was the 23rd season in franchise history. After several winning seasons, the Expos faltered in 1991, winning only 20 of its first 49 games. Manager Buck Rodgers was replaced as manager by Tom Runnells. The team ultimately finished 71-90.

1991 National League Championship Series

The 1991 National League Championship Series was played between the Atlanta Braves (94–68) and the Pittsburgh Pirates (98–64), with the Braves coming out on top in the Series 4–3. It was considered one of the best-pitched seven-game series of the modern era, featuring three 1–0 finishes and four shutouts. The Braves went on to lose in the World Series to the Minnesota Twins in seven games.

The Pirates had the best record in the National League in 1991, and were the first NL East team to win consecutive division championships since the Philadelphia Phillies, their in-state rivals, during their run of three straight NL East championships, from 1976–1978 (in fact, the Pirates won the 1991 NL East title in a game against their rivals). and were expected to win this Series and advance to the World Series. However, the Braves, who went from last place in the National League West in 1990 to first place in the division in 1991, were able to pull off the upset in their memorable run to the World Series versus the Minnesota Twins.

1991 New York Mets season

The 1991 New York Mets season was the 30th regular season for the Mets. They went 77-84 and finished fifth in the National League East for their first losing season since 1983. They were managed by Bud Harrelson and Mike Cubbage. They played home games at Shea Stadium.

An interesting note is that two Mets home games against the Cardinals were cancelled on August 19 and 20 due to the Crown Heights riot; this puts the 1991 Mets, alongside the 1992 Los Angeles Dodgers and the 2015 Baltimore Orioles to have games affected due to riots.

1991 San Diego Padres season

The 1991 San Diego Padres season was the 23rd season in franchise history.

1991 San Francisco Giants season

The 1991 San Francisco Giants season was the Giants' 109th season in Major League Baseball, their 34th season in San Francisco since their move from New York following the 1957 season, and their 32nd at Candlestick Park. The team finished in fourth place in the National League West with a 75-87 record, 19 games behind the Atlanta Braves.

1991 Seattle Mariners season

The Seattle Mariners 1991 season was their 15th since the franchise creation, and ended the season finishing 5th in the American League West, finishing with a record of 83–79 (.512). It was the first winning season in franchise history.

1991 Texas Rangers season

The 1991 Texas Rangers season involved the Rangers finishing third in the American League West with a record of 85 wins and 77 losses.

Dennis Martínez's perfect game

On July 28, 1991, Dennis Martínez of the Montreal Expos pitched the 13th perfect game in Major League Baseball history, blanking the Los Angeles Dodgers 2-0 at Dodger Stadium. A native of Granada, Nicaragua, Martínez became the first pitcher born outside of the United States to pitch a perfect game. (He has since been joined by Venezuela native Félix Hernández, who pitched a perfect game in 2012.) The perfect game also made the Dodgers, the losing team in Tom Browning's perfect game in 1988, the first team to be on the losing end of consecutive perfect games; they have since been joined by the Tampa Bay Rays, who were the losing team in Mark Buehrle's perfect game in 2009 and Dallas Braden's perfect game the following year. After completing the perfect game, Martínez slowly walked into the Dodger Stadium dugout, sat down by himself and cried.

The perfect game is the last of four no-hitters in Montreal Expos history, Bill Stoneman having pitched two, in 1969 (the franchise's inaugural season, and only nine games into its history) and 1972, and Charlie Lea in 1981. After the 2004 season, the franchise moved to Washington, D.C., where it became the Washington Nationals, and would not record the first no-hitter in its Washington history until Jordan Zimmermann no-hit the Miami Marlins on September 28, 2014.

1991 MLB season by team
AL East
AL West
NL East
NL West
Pre-modern era
Modern era
See also

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