The following are the Pulitzer Prizes for 1990.
Two awards for Public Service were given in 1990. 1990 was also the last year that awards were given for General News Reporting and Specialized Reporting - these categories were changed to Spot News Reporting and Beat Reporting the following year.
|Public Service||Washington Daily News (Washington, North Carolina)
The Philadelphia Inquirer
|"For revealing that the city's water supply was contaminated with carcinogens, a problem that the local government had neither disclosed nor corrected over a period of eight years."|
"For reporting by Gilbert M. Gaul that disclosed how the American blood industry operates with little government regulation or supervision."
|General News Reporting||Staff of the San Jose Mercury News||"For its detailed coverage of the October 17, 1989, Bay Area earthquake and its aftermath."|
|Investigative Reporting||Lou Kilzer and Chris Ison of the Star Tribune (Minnesota)||"For reporting that exposed a network of local citizens who had links to members of the St. Paul fire department and who profited from fires, including some described by the fire department itself as being of suspicious origin."|
|Explanatory Journalism||David A. Vise and Steve Coll of The Washington Post||"For stories scrutinizing the Securities and Exchange Commission and the way it has been affected by the policies of its former chairman, John Shad."|
|Specialized Reporting||Tamar Stieber of the Albuquerque Journal||"For persistent reporting that linked a rare blood disorder to an over-the-counter dietary supplement, L-Tryptophan, and led to a national recall of the product."|
|National Reporting||Ross Anderson, Bill Dietrich, Mary Ann Gwinn and Eric Nalder of The Seattle Times||"For coverage of the Exxon Valdez oil spill and its aftermath."|
|International Reporting||Nicholas D. Kristof and Sheryl WuDunn of The New York Times||"For knowledgeable reporting from China on the mass movement for democracy and its subsequent suppression."|
|Feature Writing||Dave Curtin of the Colorado Springs Gazette Telegraph||"For a gripping account of a family's struggle to recover after its members were severely burned in an explosion that devastated their home."|
|Commentary||Jim Murray of The Los Angeles Times||"For his sports columns."|
|Criticism||Allan Temko of the San Francisco Chronicle||"For his architectural criticism."|
|Editorial Writing||Thomas J. Hylton of The Mercury (Pennsylvania)||"For his editorials about a local bond issue for the preservation of farmland and other open space in rural Pennsylvania."|
|Editorial Cartooning||Tom Toles of The Buffalo News||"For his work during the year as exemplified by the cartoon 'First Amendment.'"|
|Spot News Photography||Photo Staff of The Oakland Tribune||"For photographs of devastation caused by the Bay Area earthquake of October 17, 1989."|
|Feature Photography||David Turnley of The Detroit Free Press||"For photographs of the political uprisings in China and Eastern Europe."|
Premiered by the Los Angeles Philharmonic on January 26, 1990.
And Their Children After Them (ISBN 9780394577661), written by Dale Maharidge, photographed by Michael Williamson, and published by Pantheon Books in 1989, won the 1990 Pulitzer Prize for General Non-Fiction. It is about sharecropper families during the Great Depression.Billy Bathgate
Billy Bathgate is a 1989 novel by author E. L. Doctorow that won the 1989 National Book Critics Circle award for fiction for 1990, the 1990 PEN/Faulkner Award for Fiction, the 1990 William Dean Howells Medal, and was the runner-up for the 1990 Pulitzer Prize and the 1989 National Book Award.The story is told in the first person by Billy "Bathgate" Behan, a fifteen-year-old boy who first becomes the gofer and then surrogate son of mobster Dutch Schultz.A 1991 film based on the novel starred Loren Dean as Billy, Dustin Hoffman as Schultz, Steven Hill as Otto Berman, Nicole Kidman as Drew, and Bruce Willis as Bo.Caryle Murphy
Caryle Murphy is an American journalist. Her awards include the Pulitzer Prize.Concerto for Cello, Piano, and String Orchestra
The Concerto for Cello, Piano, and String Orchestra is a composition for solo cello, piano, and a large string orchestra by the American composer Ralph Shapey. The work was composed for the cellist Joel Krosnick and the pianist Gilbert Kalish and was first performed at Tanglewood in 1989. It was first performed by Krosnick, Kalish, and the Berkshire Music Chamber Orchestra under the composer on July 31, 1989. The piece was a finalist for the 1990 Pulitzer Prize for Music and shared the top Kennedy Center Friedheim Award prize with William Kraft for Veils and Variations for Horn and Orchestra.Eric Nalder
Eric Nalder is an American investigative journalist based in Seattle, Washington. He has won two Pulitzer Prizes.
Nalder graduated from the University of Washington, with a B.A. in 1968.
He writes for the website SeattlePI.com, and is senior enterprise reporter for Hearst Newspapers.Nalder and three colleagues with The Seattle Times shared the National Reporting Pulitzer in 1990 for their "coverage of the Exxon Valdez oil spill and its aftermath". At the same time he was personally an Explanatory Journalism Pulitzer finalist for "a revealing series about oil-tanker safety and the failure of industry and government to adequately oversee the shipping of oil."Nalder and two Seattle Times colleagues won the Investigative Reporting Pulitzer in 1997 for "their investigation of widespread corruption and inequities in the federally sponsored housing program for Native Americans, which inspired much-needed reforms."Gilbert M. Gaul
Gilbert M. Gaul (born May 18, 1951) is an American journalist. He has won two Pulitzer Prizes and been a finalist for three others.Lou Kilzer
Lou Kilzer (born 1951) is an investigative journalist and author and a two time Pulitzer Prize Winner.Maurya Simon
Maurya Simon (born December 7, 1950) is an American poet, essayist, and visual artist. She is the author of ten collections of poetry, including two books that have been nominated for a Pulitzer Prize and a National Book Award. Her most recent volume of poetry is The Wilderness: New and Selected Poems (Red Hen Press, 2018).Oscar Hijuelos
Oscar Jerome Hijuelos (August 24, 1951 – October 12, 2013) was an American novelist of Cuban descent. During a year-long convalescence from a childhood illness spent in a Connecticut hospital he lost his knowledge of Spanish, his parents' native language. He was educated in New York City, and wrote short stories and advertising copy.
For his second novel, adapted for the movie The Mambo Kings, he became the first Hispanic to win a Pulitzer Prize for fiction.Pulitzer Prize for Breaking News Reporting
The Pulitzer Prize for Breaking News Reporting is a Pulitzer Prize awarded for a distinguished example of breaking news, local reporting on news of the moment. It has been awarded since 1953 under several names:
From 1953 to 1963: Pulitzer Prize for Local Reporting, Edition Time
From 1964 to 1984: Pulitzer Prize for Local General or Spot News Reporting
From 1985 to 1990: Pulitzer Prize for General News Reporting
From 1991 to 1997: Pulitzer Prize for Spot News Reporting
From 1998 to present: Pulitzer Prize for Breaking News ReportingPrior to 1953, a Pulitzer Prize for Local Reporting combined both breaking and investigative reporting under one category. The Pulitzer Committee issues an official citation explaining the reasons for the award.
Hitherto confined to local coverage, the Breaking News Reporting category was expanded to encompass state and national reporting in 2017.Roland De Wolk
Roland De Wolk (born 1953) is an American print and television journalist from the San Francisco Bay Area. His career has spanned four decades. He contributed to Oakland Tribune coverage of the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake that won a 1990 Pulitzer Prize. He has won multiple awards for his journalism, including a lifetime achievement award. He has been described as "a star journalist" and "an ace reporter."Sebastian de Grazia
Sebastian de Grazia (1917- 2000) was an American author. Born in Chicago, he received his bachelor's degree and a doctorate in political science from the University of Chicago. During World War II he served in the Office of Strategic Services, predecessor to the Central Intelligence Agency as an analyst. In 1962-1988 he taught political philosophy at Rutgers University. He received the 1990 Pulitzer Prize for Biography or Autobiography for his 1989 book Machiavelli in Hell. He is also the author of The Political Community (1948), Errors of Psychotherapy (1952), and A Country with No Name (1997).Steve Coll
Steve Coll (born October 8, 1958) is an American journalist, academic and executive. He is currently the dean of the Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism, where he is also the Henry R. Luce Professor of Journalism. A staff writer for The New Yorker, he served as the president and CEO of the New America think tank from 2007 to 2012.
He is the recipient of two Pulitzer Prize awards, two Overseas Press Club Awards, a PEN American Center John Kenneth Galbraith Award, an Arthur Ross Book Award, a Livingston Award, a Robert F. Kennedy Journalism Award, a Financial Times and Goldman Sachs Business Book of the Year Award, and the Lionel Gelber Prize. From 2012 to 2013, he was a voting member of the Pulitzer Prize Board before continuing to serve in an ex officio capacity as the dean of the Columbia Journalism School.Tamar Stieber
Tamar Stieber is an American journalist who won the 1990 Pulitzer Prize for Specialized Reporting. Her coverage revealed a correlation between the drug L-tryptophan and a rare blood disorder. As a result of her reporting, the Food and Drug Administration recalled the dietary supplement.
In 1993, Stieber sued the Albuquerque Journal for unfair treatment and gender discrimination. The United States District Court for the District of New Mexico ruled in favor of the Journal and an appellate court upheld the decision.The Piano Lesson
The Piano Lesson is a 1987 play by American playwright August Wilson. It is the fourth play in Wilson's The Pittsburgh Cycle. Wilson began writing this play by playing with the various answers regarding the possibility of "acquir[ing] a sense of self-worth by denying one's past". The Piano Lesson received the 1990 Pulitzer Prize for Drama.
A Romare Bearden painting, The Piano Lesson, inspired Wilson to write a play featuring a strong female character to confront African-American history, paralleling Troy in earlier Fences. However, on finishing his play, Wilson found the ending to stray from the empowered female character as well as from the question regarding self-worth. What The Piano Lesson finally seems to ask is: "What do you do with your legacy, and how do you best put it to use?"Set in 1936 Pittsburgh during the aftermath of the Great Depression, The Piano Lesson follows the lives of the Charles family in the Doaker Charles household and an heirloom, the family piano, which is decorated with designs carved by an enslaved ancestor. The play focuses on the arguments between a brother and a sister who have different ideas on what to do with the piano. The brother, Boy Willie, is a sharecropper who wants to sell the piano to buy the land (Sutter's land) where his ancestors toiled as slaves. The sister, Berniece, remains emphatic about keeping the piano, which shows the carved faces of their great-grandfather's wife and son during the days of their enslavement.Tom Toles
Thomas Gregory "Tom" Toles (born October 22, 1951) is an American political cartoonist. He is the winner of the 1990 Pulitzer Prize for editorial cartooning. His cartoons typically present progressive viewpoints. Similar to Oliphant's use of his character Punk, Toles also tends to include a small doodle, usually a small caricature of himself at his desk, in the margin of his strip.Washington Daily News
The Washington Daily News is a daily newspaper serving Washington, North Carolina. It is the smallest daily newspaper to ever win a Pulitzer Prize gold medal.The paper won the 1990 Pulitzer Prize for Public Service for a series of articles that showed the city's water was contaminated and had been for eight years. The newspaper was then family-owned. It had a circulation of 8,736 Monday through Saturday and 8,969 on Sunday as of Sept. 30, 2007, according to the Audit Bureau of Circulation. The newspaper has been owned and published by the Futrell family since 1949.
On June 16, 2010, the Futrell family announced they were selling a majority stake in the newspaper to Boone Newspapers, Inc. of Birmingham, Alabama.