1985 NFL season

The 1985 NFL season was the 66th regular season of the National Football League. The season ended with Super Bowl XX when the Chicago Bears defeated the New England Patriots 46–10 at the Louisiana Superdome. The Bears became the second team in NFL history (after the previous season's San Francisco 49ers) to win 15 games in the regular season and 18 including the playoffs.

1985 National Football League season
Regular season
DurationSeptember 8 – December 23, 1985
Playoffs
Start dateDecember 28, 1985
AFC ChampionsNew England Patriots
NFC ChampionsChicago Bears
Super Bowl XX
DateJanuary 26, 1986
SiteLouisiana Superdome, New Orleans, Louisiana
ChampionsChicago Bears
Pro Bowl
DateFebruary 2, 1986
SiteAloha Stadium

Major rule changes

1986 Jeno's Pizza - 11 - Jim McMahon
The Bears making a rushing play in the end zone against the Patriots during Super Bowl XX.
  • Whenever a team time out is called after the two-minute warning of each half or overtime, it should only last a minute instead of 90 seconds.
  • A play is immediately dead anytime the quarterback performs a kneel-down (the quarterback immediately kneels down after receiving the snap) after the two-minute warning of each half, or whenever the player declares himself down by sliding feet first on the ground. The ball is then spotted at the point where the player touches the ground first.
  • Pass interference is not to be called when a pass is clearly uncatchable.
  • Both "Roughing the kicker" and "Running into the kicker" fouls are not to be called if the defensive player was blocked into the kicker.
  • The definition of a valid fair catch signal is clearly defined as one arm that is fully extended above the head and waved from side to side.
  • Goaltending (leaping up to deflect a kick as it passes through the goal posts) is illegal.
  • The officials' uniform changed slightly. Instead of wearing black stirrups with two white stripes over white sanitary hose, the officials began wearing a one-piece sock similar to those worn by players, black with two white stripes on top and solid white on the bottom. These were first worn the previous season in Super Bowl XIX.
  • Defensive backs were ruled to have an "equal right to the ball", meaning that pass interference would not be called if the defensive player was looking back attempting to intercept the ball, and that any contact with the receiver did not materially affect the receiver's ability to catch the ball.

Final standings

W = Wins, L = Losses, T = Ties, PCT = Winning Percentage, PF= Points For, PA = Points Against

AFC East
Team W L T PCT PF PA
(2) Miami Dolphins 12 4 0 .750 428 320
(4) New York Jets 11 5 0 .688 393 264
(5) New England Patriots 11 5 0 .688 362 290
Indianapolis Colts 5 11 0 .313 320 386
Buffalo Bills 2 14 0 .125 200 381
AFC Central
Team W L T PCT PF PA
(3) Cleveland Browns 8 8 0 .500 287 294
Cincinnati Bengals 7 9 0 .438 441 437
Pittsburgh Steelers 7 9 0 .438 379 355
Houston Oilers 5 11 0 .313 284 412
AFC West
Team W L T PCT PF PA
(1) Los Angeles Raiders 12 4 0 .750 354 308
Denver Broncos 11 5 0 .688 380 329
Seattle Seahawks 8 8 0 .500 349 303
San Diego Chargers 8 8 0 .500 467 435
Kansas City Chiefs 6 10 0 .375 317 360
NFC East
Team W L T PCT PF PA
(3) Dallas Cowboys 10 6 0 .625 357 333
(4) New York Giants 10 6 0 .625 399 283
Washington Redskins 10 6 0 .625 297 312
Philadelphia Eagles 7 9 0 .438 286 310
St. Louis Cardinals 5 11 0 .313 278 414
NFC Central
Team W L T PCT PF PA
(1) Chicago Bears 15 1 0 .938 456 198
Green Bay Packers 8 8 0 .500 337 355
Minnesota Vikings 7 9 0 .438 346 359
Detroit Lions 7 9 0 .438 307 366
Tampa Bay Buccaneers 2 14 0 .125 294 448
NFC West
Team W L T PCT PF PA
(2) Los Angeles Rams 11 5 0 .688 340 277
(5) San Francisco 49ers 10 6 0 .625 411 263
New Orleans Saints 5 11 0 .313 294 401
Atlanta Falcons 4 12 0 .250 282 452

Tiebreakers

1986 Jeno's Pizza - 23 - Eric Dickerson and Barry Redden
Rams' running back Dickerson (29) rushing the ball through the Cowboys' defense in the 1985-86 NFC Divisional Playoffs Game .
  • Los Angeles Raiders were the first AFC seed ahead of Miami based on better record against common opponents (5–1 to Dolphins' 4–2).
  • N.Y. Jets were the first AFC Wild Card based on better conference record (9–3) than New England (8–4) and Denver (8–4).
  • New England was the second AFC Wild Card ahead of Denver based on better record against common opponents (4–2 to Broncos' 3–3).
  • Cincinnati finished ahead of Pittsburgh in the AFC Central based on head-to-head sweep (2–0).
  • Seattle finished ahead of San Diego in the AFC West based on head-to-head sweep (2–0).
  • Dallas finished ahead of N.Y. Giants and Washington in the NFC East based on better head-to-head record (4–0 to Giants' 1–3 and Redskins' 1–3).
  • N.Y. Giants were the first NFC Wild Card based on better conference record (8–4) than San Francisco (7–5) and Washington (6–6).
  • San Francisco was the second NFC Wild Card based on head-to-head victory over Washington (1–0).
  • Minnesota finished ahead of Detroit in the NFC Central based on better division record (3–5 to Lions' 2–6).

Playoffs

                                   
Divisional Playoffs
    Jan. 4 – Anaheim Stadium        
NFC Wild Card Game NFC Championship
 3  Dallas  0
Dec. 29 – Giants Stadium     Jan. 12 – Soldier Field
 2  LA Rams  20  
 5  San Francisco  3  2  LA Rams  0
Jan. 5 – Soldier Field
 4  NY Giants  17      1  Chicago  24   Super Bowl XX
 4  NY Giants  0
    Jan. 26 – Louisiana Superdome
 1  Chicago  21  
 N1  Chicago  46
Jan. 5 – Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum
AFC Wild Card Game AFC Championship    A5  New England  10
 5  New England  27
Dec. 28 – Giants Stadium     Jan. 12 – Miami Orange Bowl
 1  LA Raiders  20  
 5  New England  26  5  New England  31
Jan. 4 – Miami Orange Bowl
 4  NY Jets  14      2  Miami  14  
 3  Cleveland  21
   
 2  Miami  24  

Statistical leaders

Team

Points scored San Diego Chargers (467)
Total yards gained San Diego Chargers (6,535)
Yards rushing Chicago Bears (2,761)
Yards passing San Diego Chargers (4,870)
Fewest points allowed Chicago Bears (198)
Fewest total yards allowed Chicago Bears (4,315)
Fewest rushing yards allowed Chicago Bears (1,319)
Fewest passing yards allowed Washington Redskins (2,746)

Individual

Scoring Kevin Butler, Chicago Bears (144 points)
Touchdowns Joe Morris, New York Giants (21 TDs)
Most field goals made Gary Anderson, Pittsburgh Steelers (33 FGs)
Rushing attempts Gerald Riggs, Atlanta Falcons (397)
Rushing yards Marcus Allen, Los Angeles Raiders (1,759 yards)
Rushing touchdowns Joe Morris, New York Giants (21 TDs)
Passes completed Dan Marino, Miami Dolphins (336)
Pass attempts John Elway, Denver Broncos (605)
Passing yards Dan Marino, Miami Dolphins (4,137 yards)
Passer rating Ken O'Brien, New York Jets (96.2 rating)
Passing touchdowns Dan Marino, Miami Dolphins (30 TDs)
Pass receiving Roger Craig, San Francisco 49ers (92 catches)
Pass receiving yards Steve Largent, Seattle Seahawks (1,287 yards)
Receiving touchdowns Daryl Turner, Seattle Seahawks (13 TDs)
Punt returns Irving Fryar, New England Patriots (14.1 average yards)
Kickoff returns Ron Brown, Los Angeles Rams (32.8 average yards)
Interceptions Everson Walls, Dallas Cowboys (9)
Punting Rohn Stark, Indianapolis Colts (45.9 average yards)
Sacks Richard Dent, Chicago Bears (17.0)

Milestones

The following players set all-time records during the season:

Most Kick Return Yards, Season Buster Rhymes, Minnesota (1,345)
Most Punt Return Yards, Season Fulton Walker, Miami / Los Angeles Raiders (692)

Awards

Most Valuable Player Marcus Allen, Running Back, LA Raiders
Coach of the Year Mike Ditka, Chicago
Offensive Player of the Year Marcus Allen, Running Back, LA Raiders
Defensive Player of the Year Mike Singletary, Linebacker, Chicago
Offensive Rookie of the Year Eddie Brown, Wide Receiver, Cincinnati
Defensive Rookie of the Year Duane Bickett, Linebacker, Indianapolis
Man of the Year Dwight Stephenson, Center, Miami
Super Bowl Most Valuable Player Richard Dent, Defensive end, Chicago

Draft

The 1985 NFL Draft was held from April 30 to May 1, 1985 at New York City's Omni Park Central Hotel. With the first pick, the Buffalo Bills selected defensive end Bruce Smith from Virginia Tech.

Coaching changes

Offseason

In-season

References

  • NFL Record and Fact Book (ISBN 1-932994-36-X)
  • NFL History 1981–1990 (Last accessed December 4, 2005)
  • Total Football: The Official Encyclopedia of the National Football League (ISBN 0-06-270174-6)
1985 Seattle Seahawks season

The 1985 Seattle Seahawks season was the team's tenth season with the National Football League.

Allanda Smith

Allanda Smith (born March 7, 1962) is a former American football player. Smith attended Texas Christian University. He was a defensive back on the school's football team. Smith was drafted by the Washington Federals in the 1984 United States Football League draft[1]. His rights were traded to the LA Express. Smith signed with the Express [2] and played the 1984 and 1985 USFL seasons with LA. Smith was drafted by the NFL's Minnesota Vikings in the 1984 NFL supplemental draft of USFL and CFL players[3]. Smith signed with the Vikings in time for the 1985 NFL season. He was on the injury reserve list for the whole 1985 season and was released by the Vikings during the off season between 1985 and 1986. He signed with the Washington Redskins in 1986. [4], but was released before the season started.[5]

Amputation

Amputation is the removal of a limb by trauma, medical illness, or surgery. As a surgical measure, it is used to control pain or a disease process in the affected limb, such as malignancy or gangrene. In some cases, it is carried out on individuals as a preventative surgery for such problems. A special case is that of congenital amputation, a congenital disorder, where fetal limbs have been cut off by constrictive bands. In some countries, amputation of the hands, feet or other body parts is or was used as a form of punishment for people who committed crimes. Amputation has also been used as a tactic in war and acts of terrorism; it may also occur as a war injury. In some cultures and religions, minor amputations or mutilations are considered a ritual accomplishment.When done by a person, the person executing the amputation is an amputator. The amputated person is called an amputee.In the US, the majority of new amputations occur due to complications of the vascular system (the blood vessels), especially from diabetes. Between 1988 and 1996, there were an average of 133,735 hospital discharges for amputation per year in the US. In 2005, just in the US, there were 1.6 million amputees. In 2013, the US has 2.1 million amputees. Approximately 185,000 amputations occur in the United States each year. In 2009, hospital costs associated with amputation totaled more than $8.3 billion. There will be an estimated 3.6 million people in the US living with limb loss by 2050. African‐Americans are up to four times more likely to have an amputation than white Americans.

Dan Rains

Daniel Paul Rains (born April 26, 1956) is a former professional American football player who played linebacker for four seasons for the Chicago Bears. He was a member of the Bears team that won Super Bowl XX following the 1985 NFL season. He was also a member of the "Shuffling Crew" in the video The Super Bowl Shuffle.

Rains was the Fullback of fellow Hopewell teammate, Tony Dorsett of the Pittsburgh Panthers and Dallas Cowboys fame.

Frank Lockett

Frank Arthur Lockett (born June 1, 1957) is a former wide receiver in the National Football League.

Fred Bruney

Frederick Karl Bruney (December 30, 1931 – January 22, 2016) was an American college and professional American football defensive back.

Jerry Doerger

Jerry Doerger (born Jerome William Doerger) is a former center in the National Football League. Doerger was drafted in the eighth round of the 1982 NFL Draft by the Chicago Bears and played that season with the team. He would later play with the Orlando Renegades of the United States Football League during the 1985 USFL season before again playing in the NFL with the San Diego Chargers during the 1985 NFL season. Jerry was initiated into the Alpha Xi chapter of Pi Kappa Alpha in the spring of 2011.

Jim Morrissey

Jim Morrissey (born December 24, 1962) is a former professional American football player who played linebacker for nine seasons for the Chicago Bears and one with the Green Bay Packers. He was a member of the Bears team that won Super Bowl XX following the 1985 NFL season. Morrissey had an interception down to the 5 yard line in the Super Bowl. He was also a member of the "Shuffling Crew" in the video The Super Bowl Shuffle. Morrissey was the last Bear to wear number 51 before it was retired in Dick Butkus' honor.

All-Big Ten linebacker at Michigan State University and team captain leaving the school with one of the highest number of tackles in school history.

One of five children, Morrissey began his football playing career in his prep school days at Flint's Powers Catholic High School earning All-American Honors. Morrissey married his high school sweetheart, Amy, with whom he has two daughters and two sons.

Jim Shofner

James Bernard Shofner (born December 18, 1935) is a former American football player and coach at both the collegiate and professional levels. He was twice a head coach: first at Texas Christian University (TCU) from 1974 to 1976, then in an interim capacity with the Cleveland Browns of the National Football League (NFL) in 1990.

Jon Norris

Jonathan Richard "Jon" Norris is an American football coach and retired professional football player. He served as the head football coach at Oklahoma Panhandle State University in Goodwell, Oklahoma from 1997 to 1999.A 1985 graduate of American International College, Norris was signed out of college by the New England Patriots where he spent the 1985 NFL season on injured reserve during New England's run through the 1985–86 NFL playoffs and appearance in Super Bowl XX. Norris played as a defensive lineman for the Chicago Bears in 1987.

Keith Ortego

Bryant Keith Ortego (born August 30, 1963) is a former American football wide receiver for the Chicago Bears of the NFL. He was a member of the Bears team that won Super Bowl XX following the 1985 NFL season. He was also a member of the "Shuffling Crew" in the video The Super Bowl Shuffle.He attended McNeese State University.

Keli McGregor

Keli Scott McGregor (January 23, 1963 – April 20, 2010) was a professional football player in the NFL and was president of the Colorado Rockies from 2001 until his death.

Ken Taylor (American football)

Kenneth Daniel Taylor (born September 2, 1963) is a former professional American football defensive back who played cornerback for two seasons for the Chicago Bears and the San Diego Chargers of the National Football League. He was a member of the Bears team that won Super Bowl XX following the 1985 NFL season. He was also a member of the "Shuffling Crew" in the video The Super Bowl Shuffle. Taylor is now a personal speed trainor for children athletes in Temecula, California.

List of Monday Night Football results (1970–89)

Beginning in the 1970 NFL season, the National Football League began scheduling a weekly regular season game on Monday night before a national television audience. From 1970 to 2005, the ABC television network carried these games, with the ESPN cable television network taking over beginning in September 2006. Listed below are games played from 1970 to 1989.

Mark Bavaro

Mark Bavaro (born April 28, 1963) is a former American football tight end who played for the New York Giants (1985–1990), Cleveland Browns (1992), and Philadelphia Eagles (1993–1994) in the National Football League (NFL). Bavaro was selected to the Pro Bowl for his performances in the 1986 and 1987 seasons and was a member of the Giants teams that won Super Bowls XXI and XXV.

After an All-American career at the University of Notre Dame, Bavaro was drafted by the Giants in the fourth round (#100 overall) in the 1985 NFL Draft. He quickly emerged as a starter in his rookie season and became renowned during his Giants career for his blocking, toughness, and receiving skills. After a degenerative knee condition forced him to sit out the 1991 season, he returned to play three seasons for the Browns and Eagles before retiring in 1995. Since retiring Bavaro has done work as a pro-life activist. His brother David also played in the NFL for four seasons.

McNeese State University

McNeese State University is a public university in Lake Charles, Louisiana. Founded in 1939 as Lake Charles Junior College, it was renamed McNeese Junior College after John McNeese, an early local educator. The present name was adopted in 1970. McNeese is part of the University of Louisiana System and is classified as a Master's University. The selective admissions university consists of six colleges and the Doré School of Graduate Studies. McNeese is accredited by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools, and all programs of study are accredited by their respective national boards.

Ron Blum

Ron Blum is a former American football official in the National Football League (NFL), having served in that role from the 1985 NFL season through the 2007 NFL season. He joined the league as a line judge, officiating Super Bowl XXIV in 1990 and Super Bowl XXVI in 1992 and later became a referee for the start of the 1993 NFL season, replacing retired legend Pat Haggerty. Blum moved back to line judge beginning with the 2004 NFL season, and worked his last four seasons on the crew of referee Tony Corrente.

Blum wore the uniform number 83 from the 1985 to 1992 seasons and the number 7 from 1993 through 2007. He was the first non-referee to wear the uniform number 7; the number belonged to long-time referees Tommy Bell and, later, Fred Silva before Blum assumed it upon his promotion to crew chief. Side judge Keith Washington took the number upon Blum's retirement.

In the offseason, Blum is a golf professional. For a number of years in the 1960s and 1970s, he was the head golf pro at the Sonoma National Golf Course in Sonoma County, California.[1]

Blum was the referee for the San Diego Chargers' 27–17 victory over the New York Giants at Giants Stadium on December 23, 1995. The contest was notable because both teams, the game officials and other field-level personnel spent the entire second half dodging snowballs hurled by unruly fans. A few such projectiles hit Blum's legs. When he picked up a telephone on the Chargers' sidelines to make a call to request that a verbal warning to the crowd be made over the public address system, a snowball narrowly missed hitting him. Instead it struck Chargers equipment manager Sid Brooks, who was knocked unconscious and had to be removed from the sidelines on a stretcher.

Thomas Sanders (American football)

Thomas Derrick Sanders (born January 4, 1962) is a former professional American football running back in the National Football League for six seasons for the Chicago Bears and Philadelphia Eagles. He was a member of the Bears team that won Super Bowl XX following the 1985 NFL season. He was also a member of the "Shuffling Crew" in the video The Super Bowl Shuffle. He played college football at Texas A&M University. Sat next to Richard Davies in Drafting at A&M.

Tyrone Keys

Tyrone Keys (born October 24, 1960) is a former professional American football player who played defensive lineman for six seasons for the Chicago Bears, Tampa Bay Buccaneers, and San Diego Chargers. He was a member of the Bears team that won Super Bowl XX following the 1985 NFL season. He was also a member of the "Shuffling Crew" in the video The Super Bowl Shuffle. In high school Keys was a member of the Callaway High School Chargers of Jackson, Mississippi which won all 12 of their 1975 season games and won the Big 8 Conference championship (the Big 8 was at the time the conference of Mississippi's largest high schools). In college at Mississippi State University Keys played four years at defensive tackle. In 1980 Keys made a last minute tackle of Alabama quarterback Don Jacobs, causing a fumble which sealed the Bulldogs' 6-3 upset of the #1 Crimson Tide.

1985 NFL season
Early era
(1920–1969)
Modern era
(1970–present)

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