1984 United States presidential election

The 1984 United States presidential election was the 50th quadrennial presidential election. It was held on Tuesday, November 6, 1984. Incumbent Republican President Ronald Reagan defeated former Vice President Walter Mondale, the Democratic candidate.

Reagan faced only token opposition in his bid for re-nomination by the Republicans, and he and Vice President George H. W. Bush were easily re-nominated. Mondale defeated Senator Gary Hart and several other candidates in the 1984 Democratic primaries. Mondale chose Congresswoman Geraldine Ferraro of New York as his running mate, making Ferraro the first woman to serve on either major party's national ticket.

Reagan touted a strong economic recovery from the 1970s stagflation and the 1981–82 recession, as well as the widespread perception that his presidency had overseen a revival of national confidence and prestige.[2] The Reagan campaign produced effective television advertising and deftly neutralized concerns regarding Reagan's age. Mondale criticized Reagan's supply-side economic policies and budget deficits, and he called for a nuclear freeze and ratification of the Equal Rights Amendment.

Reagan won 58.8% of the popular vote and carried 49 of the 50 states, becoming the oldest person, at the time, to win a presidential election. Reagan's showing ranks fifth in the share of electoral votes received and fifth in the share of the popular vote won. No candidate since 1984 has equaled Reagan's share of the electoral or popular vote. Mondale received 40.6% of the popular vote, but carried only the District of Columbia and his home state of Minnesota. Reagan also won the highest number of electoral votes of any president thus far.[3]

1984 United States presidential election

November 6, 1984

All 538 electoral votes of the Electoral College
270 electoral votes needed to win
Turnout53.3%[1] Increase 0.7 pp
  Ronald Reagan presidential portrait crop Vice President Mondale 1977 closeup
Nominee Ronald Reagan Walter Mondale
Party Republican Democratic
Home state California Minnesota
Running mate George H. W. Bush Geraldine Ferraro
Electoral vote 525 13
States carried 49 1 + DC
Popular vote 54,455,472 37,577,352
Percentage 58.8% 40.6%

1984 United States presidential election in California1984 United States presidential election in Oregon1984 United States presidential election in Washington (state)1984 United States presidential election in Idaho1984 United States presidential election in Nevada1984 United States presidential election in Utah1984 United States presidential election in Arizona1984 United States presidential election in Montana1984 United States presidential election in Wyoming1984 United States presidential election in Colorado1984 United States presidential election in New Mexico1984 United States presidential election in North Dakota1984 United States presidential election in South Dakota1984 United States presidential election in Nebraska1984 United States presidential election in Kansas1984 United States presidential election in Oklahoma1984 United States presidential election in Texas1984 United States presidential election in Minnesota1984 United States presidential election in Iowa1984 United States presidential election in Missouri1984 United States presidential election in Arkansas1984 United States presidential election in Louisiana1984 United States presidential election in Wisconsin1984 United States presidential election in Illinois1984 United States presidential election in Michigan1984 United States presidential election in Indiana1984 United States presidential election in Ohio1984 United States presidential election in Kentucky1984 United States presidential election in Tennessee1984 United States presidential election in Mississippi1984 United States presidential election in Alabama1984 United States presidential election in Georgia1984 United States presidential election in Florida1984 United States presidential election in South Carolina1984 United States presidential election in North Carolina1984 United States presidential election in Virginia1984 United States presidential election in West Virginia1984 United States presidential election in the District of Columbia1984 United States presidential election in Maryland1984 United States presidential election in Delaware1984 United States presidential election in Pennsylvania1984 United States presidential election in New Jersey1984 United States presidential election in New York1984 United States presidential election in Connecticut1984 United States presidential election in Rhode Island1984 United States presidential election in Vermont1984 United States presidential election in New Hampshire1984 United States presidential election in Maine1984 United States presidential election in Massachusetts1984 United States presidential election in Hawaii1984 United States presidential election in Alaska1984 United States presidential election in the District of Columbia1984 United States presidential election in Maryland1984 United States presidential election in Delaware1984 United States presidential election in New Jersey1984 United States presidential election in Connecticut1984 United States presidential election in Rhode Island1984 United States presidential election in Massachusetts1984 United States presidential election in Vermont1984 United States presidential election in New HampshireElectoralCollege1984.svg
Presidential election results map. Red denotes states won by Reagan/Bush, blue denotes the state and federal district won by Mondale/Ferraro.

President before election

Ronald Reagan
Republican

Elected President

Ronald Reagan
Republican

Nominations

Republican Party candidates

Republican Party ticket, 1984
Ronald Reagan George H. W. Bush
for President for Vice President
Ronald Reagan presidential portrait crop
1988 Bush
40th
President of the United States
(1981–1989)
43rd
Vice President of the United States
(1981–1989)
Campaign
Reagan Bush 84

Primaries

Ronald Reagan—the incumbent president—was the assured nominee for the Republican Party, with only token opposition. The popular vote from the Republican primaries was as follows:[4]

  • Ronald Reagan (inc.): 6,484,987 (98.78%)
  • Unpledged delegates: 55,458 (0.85%)
  • Harold Stassen: 12,749 (0.19%)
  • Benjamin Fernandez: 202 (0.00%)

Reagan was renominated by a vote of 2,233 delegates (two delegates abstained). For the only time in American history, the vice presidential roll call was taken concurrently with the presidential roll call. Vice President George H. W. Bush was overwhelmingly renominated. This was the last time in the 20th century that the vice presidential candidate of either major party was nominated by roll call vote.

Balloting
Presidential ballot Vice Presidential ballot
Ronald Reagan 2,233 George H. W. Bush 2,231
Abstaining 2 Abstaining 2
Jack Kemp 1
Jeane Kirkpatrick 1

Democratic Party candidates

Mondale on campaign, PA, 1984.
Mondale campaigning in Pennsylvania
Democratic Party ticket, 1984
Walter Mondale Geraldine Ferraro
for President for Vice President
Vice President Mondale 1977 closeup
GeraldineFerraro
42nd
Vice President of the United States
(1977–1981)
U.S. Representative
from New York
(1979–1985)
Campaign
Mondale Ferraro bumper sticker 1

Primaries

Walter Mondale accepting state primary victory in Des Moines, Iowa.
Mondale celebrates his victory in the Iowa caucus.

Only three Democratic candidates won any state primaries: Mondale, Hart, and Jackson. Initially, Massachusetts Senator Ted Kennedy, after a failed bid to win the 1980 Democratic nomination for president, was considered the de facto front-runner of the 1984 primary. However, Kennedy announced in December 1982 that he did not intend to run.[6][7] Former Vice-President Mondale was then viewed as the favorite to win the Democratic nomination. Mondale had the largest number of party leaders supporting him, and he had raised more money than any other candidate. However, both Jackson and Hart emerged as surprising, and troublesome, opponents.

South Carolina Senator Ernest Hollings's wit and experience, as well as his call for a budget freeze, won him some positive attention, but his relatively conservative record alienated liberal Democrats, and he was never really noticed in a field dominated by Walter Mondale, John Glenn, and Gary Hart. Hollings dropped out two days after losing badly in New Hampshire, and endorsed Hart a week later. His disdain for his competitors was at times showcased in his comments. He notably referred to Mondale as a "lapdog," and to former astronaut Glenn as "Sky King" who was "confused in his capsule."[8]

California Senator Alan Cranston hoped to galvanize supporters of the nuclear freeze movement that had called on the United States to halt the deployment of existing nuclear weapons and the development of new ones. Glenn and Askew hoped to capture the support of moderate and conservative Democrats. None of them possessed the fundraising ability of Mondale nor the grassroots support of Hart and Jackson, and none won any contests.

Jackson was the second African-American (after Shirley Chisholm) to mount a nationwide campaign for the presidency, and he was the first African-American candidate to be a serious contender. He got 3.5 million votes during the primaries, third behind Hart and Mondale. He won the primaries in Virginia, South Carolina, and Louisiana, and split Mississippi, where there were two separate contests for Democratic delegates. Through the primaries, Jackson helped confirm the black electorate's importance to the Democratic Party in the South at the time. During the campaign, however, Jackson made an off-the-cuff reference to Jews as "Hymies" and New York City as "Hymietown," for which he later apologized. Nonetheless, the remark was widely publicized, and derailed his campaign for the nomination.[9] Jackson ended up winning 21% of the national primary vote but received only 8% of the delegates to the national convention, and he initially charged that his campaign was hurt by the same party rules that allowed Mondale to win. He also poured scorn on Mondale, saying that Hubert Humphrey was the "last significant politician out of the St. Paul-Minneapolis" area.[10]

Hart, from Colorado, was a more serious threat to Mondale, and after winning several early primaries it looked as if he might take the nomination away from Mondale. Hart finished a surprising second in the Iowa caucuses, with 16.5% of the vote. This established him as the main rival to Mondale, effectively eliminating John Glenn, Ernest Hollings and Alan Cranston as alternatives. Hart criticized Mondale as an "old-fashioned" New Deal Democrat who symbolized "failed policies" of the past. Hart positioned himself (just as Bill Clinton would eight years later) as a younger, fresher, and more moderate Democrat who could appeal to younger voters. He emerged as a formidable candidate, winning the key New Hampshire, Ohio, and California primaries as well as several others, especially in the West. However, Hart could not overcome Mondale's financial and organizational advantages, especially among labor union leaders in the Midwest and industrial Northeast.

Hart was also badly hurt in a televised debate with Mondale during the primaries, when the former vice president used a popular television commercial slogan to ridicule Hart's vague "New Ideas" platform. Turning to Hart on camera, Mondale told Hart that whenever he heard Hart talk about his "New Ideas," he was reminded of the Wendy's fast-food slogan "Where's the beef?" The remark drew loud laughter and applause from the viewing audience and caught Hart off-guard. Hart never fully recovered from Mondale's charge that his "New Ideas" were shallow and lacking in specifics.

Carter and Mondale celebrate primary victories in Minneapolis, MN. 3-13-84.
Mondale celebrates several victories in March 13 primaries with former running mate Jimmy Carter at his campaign headquarters.

At a roundtable debate between the three remaining Democratic candidates moderated by Phil Donahue, Mondale and Hart got into such a heated argument over the issue of U.S. policy in Central America that Jackson had to tap his water glass on the table to help get them to stop.

Mondale gradually pulled away from Hart in the delegate count, but, as Time reported in late May, "Mondale ... has a wide lead in total delegates (1,564 to 941) ... because of his victories in the big industrial states, his support from the Democratic Establishment and the arcane provisions of delegate-selection rules that his vanguard helped draft two years ago."[11] After the final primary in California, on June 5, which Hart won, Mondale was about 40 delegates short of the total he needed for the nomination.[12] However, at the Democratic National Convention in San Francisco on July 16, Mondale received the overwhelming support of the unelected superdelegates from the party establishment to win the nomination.

Mondale's nomination marked the second time since the nomination of former Governor of Georgia Jimmy Carter in 1976 and the fourth time since the nomination of former Representative John W. Davis in 1924 that the Democratic Party nominated a private citizen for President (i.e., not serving in an official government role at the time of the nomination and election). Mondale was the last private citizen to be nominated for President by the Democratic Party until former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton in 2016.

This race for the Democratic Party presidential nomination was the closest in two generations, and, as of 2017, it was the last occasion that a major party's race for the presidential nomination went all the way to its convention.

Endorsements

Note: These are only those endorsements which occurred during or before the primary race.

Convention

This was the convention's nomination tally:

Balloting
Presidential ballot Vice Presidential ballot
Walter F. Mondale 2,191 Geraldine A. Ferraro 3,920
Gary W. Hart 1,200.5 Shirley Chisholm 3
Jesse L. Jackson 465.5
Thomas F. Eagleton 18
George S. McGovern 4
John H. Glenn 2
Joe Biden 1
Lane Kirkland 1

When he made his acceptance speech at the Democratic Convention, Mondale said: "Let's tell the truth. Mr. Reagan will raise taxes, and so will I. He won't tell you. I just did."[50] Although Mondale intended to expose Reagan as hypocritical and position himself as the honest candidate, the choice of raising taxes as a discussion point likely damaged his electoral chances.

Vice presidential nominee

Mayor Raymond L. Flynn, Vice-Presidential Candidate Geraldine Ferraro, Governor Michael Dukakis (9577542068)
Ferraro with Boston Mayor Raymond Flynn and Massachusetts Governor Michael Dukakis at a campaign stop in Boston

Mondale chose U.S. Rep. Geraldine A. Ferraro from New York as his running mate, making her the first woman nominated for that position by a major party, and the first Italian American on a major party ticket since Al Smith in 1928. Mondale wanted to establish a precedent with his vice presidential candidate, although Tonie Nathan of the Libertarian Party was already the first woman to receive an electoral vote in the 1972 election. Another reason for the nominee to "go for broke" instead of balancing the ticket was Reagan's lead in the polls. Mondale hoped to appeal to women, and by 1980, they were the majority of voters. In a "much criticized parade of possible Veep candidates" to his home in Minnesota, Mondale considered San Francisco Mayor Dianne Feinstein and Kentucky Governor Martha Layne Collins, also female; Los Angeles Mayor Tom Bradley, an African American; and San Antonio Mayor Henry Cisneros, an Hispanic, as other finalists for the nomination. In addition to her gender, Mondale chose Ferraro because he hoped she would attract ethnic voters with her personal background.[10][51] Unsuccessful nomination candidate Jesse Jackson derided Mondale's vice-presidential screening process as a "P.R. parade of personalities," but praised Mondale for his choice, having himself pledged to name a woman to the ticket in the event he was nominated.

Mondale had wanted to choose New York Governor Mario Cuomo as his running mate, but Cuomo declined and recommended Ferraro,[52] his protégée.[53] Mondale might have named Massachusetts Governor Michael Dukakis as his running mate had he wanted to make a "safe" choice",[51] while others preferred Senator Lloyd Bentsen because he would appeal to more conservative Southern voters. Nomination rival Gary Hart stated before Ferraro's selection that he would accept an invitation to run with Mondale;[51] Hart's supporters claimed he would do better than Mondale against President Reagan, an argument undercut by a June 1984 Gallup poll that showed both men nine points behind the president.

Other parties

National Unity Party nomination

[54][55][56][57][58][59][60]

JohnAnderson
Former Representative
John B. Anderson
from Illinois
(declined to run – April 26, 1984)
(endorsed Mondale – August 27)

The National Unity Party was an outgrowth of John Anderson's presidential campaign from the 1980 presidential election. Anderson hoped that the party would be able to challenge the "two old parties", which he viewed as being tied to various special interest groups and incapable of responsible fiscal reform. The intention was to organize the new party in California, Oregon, Washington, Illinois, the New England states, and others where his previous candidacy had proven to have experienced the most success. The party was also eligible for $5.8 million in Federal election funds, but its qualification depended on it being on the ballot in at least ten states; however, it remained unclear if National Unity could actually obtain the funds, or if it needed to be Anderson himself.

Anderson initially was against running, hoping that another notable politico would take the party into the 1984 election, and feared that his own candidacy might result in the party being labeled a "personality cult". However, no candidate came forward resulting in Anderson becoming the nominee in waiting. While Anderson had found equal support from the Republicans and Democrats in the 1980 election, the grand majority of the former had since switched back, resulting in the new party being supported principally by those who normally would vote Democratic, which it was feared might make him a spoiler candidate. In light of this, in addition to difficulties in getting on the ballot in his targeted states (Utah and Kentucky were the only two, neither among those he intended to prominently campaign in), Anderson ultimately declined to run. Later he would endorse the Democratic nominee, Walter Mondale.

Anderson had hoped that the party would continue to grow and later field a candidate in 1988 (which he declared would not be him), but it floundered and ultimately dissolved.

Libertarian Party nomination

Burns was the initial frontrunner for the nomination, but withdrew, citing concerns that the party would not be able to properly finance a campaign. The remaining candidates were Bergland; Ravenal, who had worked in the Department of Defense under Robert McNamara and Clark Clifford; and Ruwart. Bergland narrowly won the presidential nomination over Ravenal. His running mate was James A. Lewis. The ticket appeared on 39 state ballots.

Citizens Party nomination

Sonia Johnson ran in the 1984 presidential election, as the presidential candidate of the Citizens Party, Pennsylvania's Consumer Party and California's Peace and Freedom Party. Johnson received 72,161 votes (0.1%) finishing fifth. Her running mate for the Citizens Party was Richard Walton and for the Peace and Freedom Party Emma Wong Mar. One of her campaign managers, Mark Dunlea, later wrote a novel about a first female president, Madame President.

Communist Party nomination

The Communist Party USA ran Gus Hall for president and Angela Davis for vice president.

General election

Campaign

Candidates Walter Mondale and Geraldine Ferraro campaigning at Ft. Lauderdale, 4-27-84.
Mondale and Ferraro campaigning in Fort Lauderdale, Florida

Mondale ran a liberal campaign, supporting a nuclear freeze and the Equal Rights Amendment (ERA). He spoke against what he considered to be unfairness in Reagan's economic policies and the need to reduce federal budget deficits.

While Ferraro's choice was popular among Democratic activists, polls immediately after the announcement showed that only 22% of women were pleased about her selection, versus 18% who agreed that it was a bad idea. 60% of all voters thought that pressure from women's groups had led to Mondale's decision, versus 22% who believed that he had chosen the best available candidate.[51] Some members of the hierarchy of the Roman Catholic Church criticized the Catholic Ferraro for being pro-choice on abortion. Already fighting an uphill battle with voters, Ferraro also faced a slew of allegations, mid-campaign, directed toward her husband, John Zaccaro. These allegations included Zaccaro's possible past involvement in organized crime, pornography distribution, and campaign contribution violations. Ferraro responded to these allegations against her husband by releasing her family tax returns to the media on August 21, 1984. However, the damage to the campaign was already done.[62]

President Reagan and Vice President Bush at a rally at Auditorium Shores in Austin Texas
Reagan and Bush campaigning in Austin, Texas

At a campaign stop in Hammonton, New Jersey, Reagan said, "America's future rests in a thousand dreams inside your hearts. It rests in the message of hope in songs of a man so many young Americans admire, New Jersey's Bruce Springsteen." The Reagan campaign briefly used "Born in the U.S.A.", a song criticizing the treatment of Vietnam War veterans (which they mistakenly thought was devoid of anti-war content), as a campaign song, without permission, until Springsteen, a lifelong Democrat, insisted that they stop.[63]

The Reagan campaign was very skilled at producing effective television advertising. Two of the more memorable ads it produced were commonly known as "Bear in the woods" and "Morning in America".

Clip from the second debate in which Reagan responds to a question about his age

Reagan was the oldest president to have ever served (he was by this point 73), and there were many questions about his capacity to endure the grueling demands of the presidency, particularly after Reagan had a poor showing in his first debate with Mondale on October 7. He referred to having started going to church "here in Washington", although the debate was in Louisville, Kentucky, referred to military uniforms as "wardrobe", and admitted to being "confused", among other mistakes.[64] In the next debate on October 21, however, in response to a question about his age, Reagan joked, "I will not make age an issue of this campaign. I am not going to exploit, for political purposes, my opponent's youth and inexperience." Mondale himself laughed at the joke,[65] and later admitted that Reagan had effectively neutralized the age issue:

If TV can tell the truth, as you say it can, you'll see that I was smiling. But I think if you come in close, you'll see some tears coming down because I knew he had gotten me there. That was really the end of my campaign that night, I think. [I told my wife] the campaign was over, and it was.[66]

Presidential Debates

There were two presidential debates and one vice presidential debate during the 1984 general election.[67]

No. Date Host Location Panelists Moderator Participants Viewership

(Millions)

P1 Sunday, October 7, 1984 The Kentucky Center Louisville, Kentucky James Wieghart

Diane Sawyer

Fred Barnes

Barbara Walters President Ronald Reagan

Vice President Walter Mondale

65.1[67]
VP Thursday, October 11, 1984 Pennsylvania Convention Center Philadelphia, Pennsylvania John Bashek

Jack White

Robert Boyd

Sander Vanocur Vice President George H. W. Bush

Congresswoman Geraldine Ferraro

56.7[67]
P2 Sunday, October 21, 1984 Municipal Auditorium (Kansas City, Missouri) Kansas City, Missouri Georgie Anne Geyer

Marvin Kalb

Morton Kondracke

Edwin Newman President Ronald Reagan

Vice President Walter Mondale

67.3 [67]

Results

ElectoralCollege1984-Large
1984nationwidecountymapshadedbyvoteshare

Results by county, shaded according to winning candidate's percentage of the vote

1984prescountymap2
Election results by county
The 1984 Presidential Election, Results by Congressional District
Results by congressional district
1984Mov
Margin of victory by state

Reagan was re-elected in the November 6 election in an electoral and popular vote landslide, winning 49 states. He won a record 525 electoral votes total (of 538 possible), and received 58.8% of the popular vote; despite Ferraro's selection, 55% of women who voted did so for Reagan,[62] and his 54 to 61% of the Catholic vote was the highest for a Republican candidate in history.[68] Mondale's 13 electoral college votes (from his home state of Minnesota—which he won by 0.18%—and the District of Columbia) marked the lowest total of any major presidential candidate since Alf Landon's 1936 loss to Franklin D. Roosevelt. Mondale's defeat was also the worst for any Democratic Party candidate in American history in the Electoral College (and his 13 electoral votes the fewest any Democrat has won since Stephen A. Douglas claimed 12 in the 1860 election, when the Democratic vote was divided), though others, including Alton B. Parker, James M. Cox, John W. Davis, and George S. McGovern, did worse in the popular vote.

Psephologists attributed the Republican victory to "Reagan Democrats", millions of Democrats who voted for Reagan, as in 1980. They characterized such Reagan Democrats as southern whites and northern blue collar workers who voted for Reagan because they credited him with the economic recovery, saw Reagan as strong on national security issues, and perceived the Democrats as supporting the poor and minorities at the expense of the middle class. The Democratic National Committee commissioned a study after the election that came to these conclusions, but suppressed the report, afraid that it would offend its key voters.[68]

Reagan receiving concession call from Walter MondaleC25679-5
Reagan receiving a concession call from Mondale

When Reagan was asked in December 1984 what he wanted for Christmas he joked, "Well, Minnesota would have been nice".[69] Reagan lost Minnesota in both this election and in 1980, making it the only state he failed to win in either election, and also making him the first two-term president not to carry Minnesota since Woodrow Wilson. This is the last election where the Republican candidate achieved any of the following: Win every state in the Northeastern and Pacific regions of the United States; win at least one county in every state; and win any of the following states: Hawaii, Massachusetts, New York, Oregon, Rhode Island, and Washington.[70] It was also the last election where the Republican nominee won Wisconsin until 2016, Iowa until 2004, the last election in which the winning candidate won by a double-digit margin in the percentage of the popular vote, and the last election where the winning candidate won by an eight-digit margin in total popular votes (10 million or more).[70] Finally, despite his narrow loss in Minnesota, Reagan still won in five out of its eight congressional districts (by contrast, Nixon had only carried one Massachusetts district twelve years earlier) thus making Reagan the only U.S. presidential candidate in history to win the popular vote in a majority of congressional districts in every state.

Statistics

Presidential candidate Party Home state Popular vote Electoral
vote
Running mate
Count Percentage Vice-presidential candidate Home state Electoral vote
Ronald Wilson Reagan (Incumbent) Republican California 54,455,472 58.77% 525 George Herbert Walker Bush Texas 525
Walter Frederick Mondale Democratic Minnesota 37,577,352 40.56% 13 Geraldine Anne Ferraro New York 13
David Bergland Libertarian California  228,111 0.25% 0 Jim Lewis Connecticut  0
Lyndon LaRouche Independent Virginia  78,809 0.09% 0 Billy Davis Mississippi  0
Sonia Johnson Citizens Idaho  72,161 0.08% 0 Richard Walton Rhode Island  0
Bob Richards Populist Texas  66,324 0.07% 0 Maureen Salaman California  0
Dennis L. Serrette New Alliance New Jersey  46,853 0.05% 0 Nancy Ross New York  0
Larry Holmes Workers World New York  46,853 0.05% 0 Gloria La Riva California  0
Gus Hall Communist New York  36,386 0.04% 0 Angela Davis California  0
Melvin T. Mason Socialist Workers California  24,699 0.03% 0 Matilde Zimmermann New York  0
Other 49,181 0.05% Other
Total 92,653,233 100% 538 538
Needed to win 270 270

Source for the popular vote: Leip, David. "1984 Presidential Election Results". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections. Retrieved August 7, 2005. Source for the electoral vote: "Electoral College Box Scores 1789–1996". National Archives and Records Administration. Retrieved August 7, 2005.

Popular vote
Reagan
58.77%
Mondale
40.56%
Bergland
0.25%
Others
0.42%
Electoral vote
Reagan
97.58%
Mondale
2.42%

Results by state

[71]

States won by Reagan/Bush
State/district won by Mondale/Ferraro
Ronald Reagan
Republican
Walter Mondale
Democratic
David Bergland
Libertarian
Margin State Total
State electoral
votes
# % electoral
votes
# % electoral
votes
# % electoral
votes
# % #
Alabama 9 872,849 60.54 9 551,899 38.28 9,504 0.66 320,950 22.26 1,441,713 AL
Alaska 3 138,377 66.65 3 62,007 29.87 6,378 3.07 76,370 36.79 207,605 AK
Arizona 7 681,416 66.42 7 333,854 32.54 10,585 1.03 347,562 33.88 1,025,897 AZ
Arkansas 6 534,774 60.47 6 338,646 38.29 2,221 0.25 196,128 22.18 884,406 AR
California 47 5,467,009 57.51 47 3,922,519 41.27 49,951 0.53 1,544,490 16.25 9,505,423 CA
Colorado 8 821,818 63.44 8 454,974 35.12 11,257 0.87 366,844 28.32 1,295,381 CO
Connecticut 8 890,877 60.73 8 569,597 38.83 321,280 21.90 1,466,900 CT
Delaware 3 152,190 59.78 3 101,656 39.93 268 0.11 50,534 19.85 254,572 DE
D.C. 3 29,009 13.73 180,408 85.38 3 279 0.13 −151,399 −71.66 211,288 DC
Florida 21 2,730,350 65.32 21 1,448,816 34.66 754 0.02 1,281,534 30.66 4,180,051 FL
Georgia 12 1,068,722 60.17 12 706,628 39.79 151 0.01 362,094 20.39 1,776,093 GA
Hawaii 4 185,050 55.10 4 147,154 43.82 2,167 0.65 37,896 11.28 335,846 HI
Idaho 4 297,523 72.36 4 108,510 26.39 2,823 0.69 189,013 45.97 411,144 ID
Illinois 24 2,707,103 56.17 24 2,086,499 43.30 10,086 0.21 620,604 12.88 4,819,088 IL
Indiana 12 1,377,230 61.67 12 841,481 37.68 6,741 0.30 535,749 23.99 2,233,069 IN
Iowa 8 703,088 53.27 8 605,620 45.89 1,844 0.14 97,468 7.39 1,319,805 IA
Kansas 7 677,296 66.27 7 333,149 32.60 3,329 0.33 344,147 33.67 1,021,991 KS
Kentucky 9 822,782 60.04 9 539,589 39.37 283,193 20.66 1,370,461 KY
Louisiana 10 1,037,299 60.77 10 651,586 38.18 1,876 0.11 385,713 22.60 1,706,822 LA
Maine 4 336,500 60.83 4 214,515 38.78 121,985 22.05 553,144 ME
Maryland 10 879,918 52.51 10 787,935 47.02 5,721 0.34 91,983 5.49 1,675,873 MD
Massachusetts 13 1,310,936 51.22 13 1,239,606 48.43 71,330 2.79 2,559,453 MA
Michigan 20 2,251,571 59.23 20 1,529,638 40.24 10,055 0.26 721,933 18.99 3,801,658 MI
Minnesota 10 1,032,603 49.54 1,036,364 49.72 10 2,996 0.14 −3,761 −0.18 2,084,449 MN
Mississippi 7 581,477 61.85 7 352,192 37.46 2,336 0.25 229,285 24.39 940,192 MS
Missouri 11 1,274,188 60.02 11 848,583 39.98 425,605 20.05 2,122,771 MO
Montana 4 232,450 60.47 4 146,742 38.18 5,185 1.35 85,708 22.30 384,377 MT
Nebraska 5 460,054 70.55 5 187,866 28.81 2,079 0.32 272,188 41.74 652,090 NE
Nevada 4 188,770 65.85 4 91,655 31.97 2,292 0.80 97,115 33.88 286,667 NV
New Hampshire 4 267,051 68.66 4 120,395 30.95 735 0.19 146,656 37.71 388,954 NH
New Jersey 16 1,933,630 60.09 16 1,261,323 39.20 6,416 0.20 672,307 20.89 3,217,862 NJ
New Mexico 5 307,101 59.70 5 201,769 39.23 4,459 0.87 105,332 20.48 514,370 NM
New York 36 3,664,763 53.84 36 3,119,609 45.83 11,949 0.18 545,154 8.01 6,806,810 NY
North Carolina 13 1,346,481 61.90 13 824,287 37.89 3,794 0.17 522,194 24.00 2,175,361 NC
North Dakota 3 200,336 64.84 3 104,429 33.80 703 0.23 95,907 31.04 308,971 ND
Ohio 23 2,678,560 58.90 23 1,825,440 40.14 5,886 0.13 853,120 18.76 4,547,619 OH
Oklahoma 8 861,530 68.61 8 385,080 30.67 9,066 0.72 476,450 37.94 1,255,676 OK
Oregon 7 685,700 55.91 7 536,479 43.74 149,221 12.17 1,226,527 OR
Pennsylvania 25 2,584,323 53.34 25 2,228,131 45.99 6,982 0.14 356,192 7.35 4,844,903 PA
Rhode Island 4 212,080 51.66 4 197,106 48.02 277 0.07 14,974 3.65 410,492 RI
South Carolina 8 615,539 63.55 8 344,470 35.57 4,360 0.45 271,069 27.99 968,540 SC
South Dakota 3 200,267 63.00 3 116,113 36.53 84,154 26.47 317,867 SD
Tennessee 11 990,212 57.84 11 711,714 41.57 3,072 0.18 278,498 16.27 1,711,993 TN
Texas 29 3,433,428 63.61 29 1,949,276 36.11 1,484,152 27.50 5,397,571 TX
Utah 5 469,105 74.50 5 155,369 24.68 2,447 0.39 313,736 49.83 629,656 UT
Vermont 3 135,865 57.92 3 95,730 40.81 1,002 0.43 40,135 17.11 234,561 VT
Virginia 12 1,337,078 62.29 12 796,250 37.09 540,828 25.19 2,146,635 VA
Washington 10 1,051,670 55.82 10 807,352 42.86 8,844 0.47 244,318 12.97 1,883,910 WA
West Virginia 6 405,483 55.11 6 328,125 44.60 77,358 10.51 735,742 WV
Wisconsin 11 1,198,800 54.19 11 995,847 45.02 4,884 0.22 202,953 9.18 2,212,016 WI
Wyoming 3 133,241 70.51 3 53,370 28.24 2,357 1.25 79,871 42.27 188,968 WY
TOTALS: 538 54,455,472 58.77 525 37,577,352 40.56 13 228,111 0.25 16,878,120 18.22 92,653,233 US

Close states

Margin of victory less than 1% (10 electoral votes):

  1. Minnesota, 0.18%

Margin of victory less than 5% (17 electoral votes):[72][73]

  1. Massachusetts, 2.79%
  2. Rhode Island, 3.65%

Margin of victory more than 5%, but less than 10% (90 electoral votes):[72][73]

  1. Maryland, 5.49%
  2. Pennsylvania, 7.35%
  3. Iowa, 7.38%
  4. New York, 8.01%
  5. Wisconsin, 9.17%

Voter demographics

The 1984 presidential vote by demographic subgroup
Demographic subgroup Mondale Reagan % of
total vote
Total vote 41 59 100
Ideology
Liberals 71 29 16
Moderates 46 54 42
Conservatives 18 82 33
Party
Democrats 74 26 38
Republicans 7 93 35
Independents 36 64 26
Gender
Men 38 62 47
Women 42 58 53
Race
White 34 66 86
Black 91 9 10
Hispanic 66 34 3
Age
18–24 years old 39 61 11
25–29 years old 43 57 12
30–49 years old 42 58 34
50–64 years old 39 61 23
65 and older 36 64 19
Family income
Under $12,500 54 46 15
$12,500–25,000 42 58 27
$25,000–35,000 40 60 20
$35,000–50,000 32 68 17
Over $50,000 31 69 12
Region
East 47 53 26
Midwest 38 62 30
South 36 64 27
West 38 62 17
Union households
Union 54 46 26

Source: CBS News and The New York Times exit poll from the Roper Center for Public Opinion Research (9,174 surveyed)[74]

Notable expressions and phrases

  • Where's the beef?: A slogan used by Wendy's to suggest that their competitors have smaller portions of meat in their sandwiches, but used in the Democratic primaries by Mondale to criticize Gary Hart's positions as lacking substance.
  • Morning in America: Slogan used by the Reagan campaign.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved October 21, 2012.
  2. ^ Raines, Howell (November 7, 1984). "Reagan Wins By a Landslide, Sweeping at Least 48 States; G.O.P. Gains Strength in House". The New York Times. Retrieved March 21, 2013.
  3. ^ https://www.thoughtco.com/landslide-presidential-elections-by-electoral-votes-3367489
  4. ^ "Ourcampaigns.com". Ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved August 11, 2014.
  5. ^ "1984 PRESIDENTIAL ANNOUNCEMENT SPEECH OF GEORGE McGOVERN". 4president.org. September 13, 1983. Retrieved August 11, 2014.
  6. ^ https://www.nytimes.com/1982/12/01/us/kennedy-reported-declining-to-seek-presidency-in-1984.html
  7. ^ https://www.newsweek.com/why-kennedy-withdrew-1984-race-207040
  8. ^ Skipper, John C. The Iowa Caucuses: First Tests of Presidential Aspiration, 1972–2008, pg. 72–73
  9. ^ Larry J. Sabato's Feeding Frenzy (July 21, 1998). "Jesse Jackson's 'Hymietown' Remark – 1984". Washington Post. Retrieved May 26, 2010.
  10. ^ a b Thomas, Evan; Allis, Sam; Beckwith, David (July 2, 1984). "Trying to Win the Peace". Time Magazine.
  11. ^ Kurt Andersen, "A Wild Ride to the End", Time, May 28, 1984
  12. ^ Ruth Marcus, "Parsing Tsunami Tuesday", Washington Post, January 16, 2008
  13. ^ "Candidate – Jim Bates". Our Campaigns. Retrieved January 16, 2011.
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "Democrats Choose Delegates". The New York Times. January 24, 1984. Retrieved August 11, 2014.
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  20. ^ a b c d Raines, Howell (October 20, 1983). "Democrats Pursue Southern Support". The New York Times. Retrieved August 11, 2014.
  21. ^ Boyd, Gerald M. (December 11, 1983). "Alabama Blacks' Group Decides To Back Mondale-Jackson Ticket". The New York Times. Retrieved August 11, 2014.
  22. ^ a b Raines, Howell (December 12, 1983). "MONDALE HAD GOOD '83 – NOW THE REAL TEST BEGINS". The New York Times. Retrieved August 11, 2014.
  23. ^ a b c Smith, Hedrick (February 25, 1984). "Experts Say The South Looks Blead For Glenn". The New York Times. Retrieved August 11, 2014.
  24. ^ a b HOWELL RAINES, Special to the New York Times (November 4, 1983). "A Provocative Candidate". The New York Times. Retrieved August 11, 2014.
  25. ^ a b Gailey, Phil (December 5, 1983). "Political Potholes Ahead For Traveling Democrats". The New York Times. Chicago (Ill). Retrieved August 11, 2014.
  26. ^ Raines, Howell (October 19, 1983). "Politics – Hart'S Tactics Askew'S Train And Film Anxieties". The New York Times. Retrieved August 11, 2014.
  27. ^ HOWELL RAINES, Special to the New York Times (February 26, 1984). "8 DEMOCRATS GIRD FOR KEY PRIMARY IN NEW HAMPSHIRE". The New York Times. New Hampshire. Retrieved August 11, 2014.
  28. ^ "Ourcampaigns.com". Ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved August 11, 2014.
  29. ^ a b Plotz, David (August 20, 1999) Warren Beatty, Slate.com
  30. ^ Smothers, Ronald (November 1, 1983). "Democratic Candidates Welcome Jackson Bid For Nomination". The New York Times. Retrieved August 11, 2014.
  31. ^ a b c Smothers, Ronald (November 4, 1983). "Jackson Declares Formal Candidacy". The New York Times. Retrieved August 11, 2014.
  32. ^ "Candidate – Orval E. Faubus". Our Campaigns. Retrieved January 16, 2011.
  33. ^ Smothers, Ronald (December 28, 1983). "Jackson Wins Attention But Strength Is Unclear". The New York Times. Retrieved August 11, 2014.
  34. ^ a b Ronald Smothers (March 12, 1984). "Alabama Black Leaders Are Urging Pragmatism In Supporting Mondale". The New York Times. Retrieved August 11, 2014.
  35. ^ a b Smothers, Ronald (January 15, 1984). "Jackson Attracts Crowds, But Planning Is Erratic". The New York Times. Retrieved August 11, 2014.
  36. ^ "Candidate – Marion S. Barry, Jr". Our Campaigns. Retrieved January 16, 2011.
  37. ^ a b c Boyd, Gerald M. (February 14, 1984). "Black Churches A Mainspring Of Jackson'S Efforts". The New York Times. Retrieved August 11, 2014.
  38. ^ Raines, Howell (December 2, 1983). "Jackson Gets Support, Apparently Without Poll Of The Group". The New York Times. Retrieved August 11, 2014.
  39. ^ "Barry Commoner Vows To Back Jesse Jackson". Nytimes.com. August 30, 1983. Retrieved January 18, 2015.
  40. ^ "South Carolina Political Collections" (PDF).
  41. ^ Tom Sherwood (December 15, 1983). "Del. Pickett to Head Mondale's Va. Race".
  42. ^ a b https://newspaperarchive.com/winchester-star-feb-10-1984-p-18/. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  43. ^ "Anna Belle Clement O'Brien passes away at 86". Archived from the original on September 6, 2009.
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  45. ^ "MA US President – D Primary Race – Mar 13, 1984". Our Campaigns. Retrieved January 16, 2011.
  46. ^ "GLENN SEEKING TO TURN A HERO'S IMAGE INTO VOTES". Nytimes.com. June 15, 1983. Retrieved January 18, 2015.
  47. ^ "Our Campaigns – AL US President – D Primary Race – Mar 13, 1984". Ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved January 18, 2015.
  48. ^ "Our Campaigns – FL US President – D Primary Race – Mar 13, 1984". Ourcampaigns.com. Retrieved January 18, 2015.
  49. ^ "ASKEW TELLS MOBILE HE 'FEELS GOOD' ABOUT RACE". Nytimes.com. February 7, 1984. Retrieved January 18, 2015.
  50. ^ Howell Raines (July 20, 1984). "Party Nominates Rep. Ferraro; Mondale, in Acceptance, Vows Fair Policies and Deficit Cut". The New York Times. p. A1.
  51. ^ a b c d Church, George L.; Magnuson, Ed (July 23, 1984). "Geraldine Ferraro: A Break with Tradition". Time. Retrieved March 26, 2011.
  52. ^ Blumenthal, Ralph (September 8, 2008). "When the Press Vetted Geraldine Ferraro". The New York Times. Retrieved March 26, 2011.
  53. ^ Buckley, Cara (March 28, 2011). "Of Ferraro's Roles in Many Arenas, a Favorite: Gerry From Queens". The New York Times. pp. A18. Retrieved March 30, 2011.
  54. ^ New York Times, June 11, 1983
  55. ^ New York Times, November 9, 1983
  56. ^ New York Times, April 20, 1984
  57. ^ New York Times, April 27, 1984
  58. ^ New York Times, May 4, 1984
  59. ^ New York Times, August 28, 1984
  60. ^ "Former Congressman John Anderson Runs for President Again in 1984". Archives.nbclearn.com. Retrieved January 18, 2015.
  61. ^ https://news.google.com/newspapers?id=dU4tAAAAIBAJ&sjid=VM8FAAAAIBAJ&pg=3911,4640110&dq=gene-burns+radio&hl=en
  62. ^ a b Martin, Douglas (March 27, 2011). "Geraldine A. Ferraro, First Woman on Major Party Ticket, Dies at 75". The New York Times. pp. A1. Retrieved March 26, 2011.
  63. ^ "Born In The U.S.A. by Bruce Springsteen Songfacts". Songfacts.com. Retrieved January 18, 2015.
  64. ^ "1984 Presidential Candidate Debate: President Reagan and Walter Mondale – 10/7/84". Debates. October 7, 1984. Retrieved January 15, 2011.
  65. ^ Reagan, Ronald; Mondale, Walter (April 27, 2009). 1984 Presidential Candidate Debate: President Reagan and Walter Mondale – 10/21/84. The Ronald Reagan Presidential Foundation. Event occurs at 32:55.
  66. ^ Mondale, Walter. "1984: There You Go Again... Again / Debating Our Destiny Transcript". PBS Newshour (Interview). Interviewed by Lehrer, Jim. Archived from the original on December 12, 2000. Retrieved February 29, 2012.
  67. ^ a b c d "CPD: 1984 Debates". www.debates.org. Retrieved January 8, 2019.
  68. ^ a b Prendergast, William B. (1999). The Catholic vote in American politics. Washington DC: Georgetown University Press. pp. 186, 191–193. ISBN 0-87840-724-3.
  69. ^ "Minnesota heads Reagan's wish list". The Tuscaloosa News. Tuscaloosa, Alabama. Associated Press. December 4, 1984. p. 27. Retrieved July 18, 2012.
  70. ^ a b "Historical U.S. Presidential Elections 1789-2016". Retrieved October 12, 2018.
  71. ^ "1984 Presidential General Election Data – National". Retrieved March 17, 2013.
  72. ^ a b "POPULAR VOTE AND ELECTORAL COLLEGE VOTE BY STATE" (TXT). Psephos.adam-carr.net. Retrieved January 18, 2015.
  73. ^ a b "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections – County Data". Uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved January 16, 2011.
  74. ^ "How Groups Voted in 1984". ropercenter.cornell.edu. Retrieved February 1, 2018.

Further reading

  • Jonathan Moore, ed. (1986). Campaign for President: The Managers Look at '84. Dover: Auburn House. ISBN 0-86569-132-0.
  • Ladd, Everett Carll (1985). "On Mandates, Realignments, and the 1984 Presidential Election". Political Science Quarterly. 100 (1): 1–24. JSTOR 2150858.
  • Leuchtenburg, William E. (1986). The 1984 Election in Historical Perspective. Waco: Baylor University Press. ISBN 0-918954-45-2.
  • Morris, Lorenzo (1990). The Social and Political Implications of the 1984 Jesse Jackson Presidential Campaign. New York: Praeger. ISBN 0-275-92785-7.
  • Sandoz, E.; Crabb, C. V., Jr., eds. (1985). Election 84: Landslide Without a Mandate?. New York: New American Library. ISBN 0-451-62424-6.
  • Stempel, Guido H., III; John W. Windhauser (1991). The Media in the 1984 and 1988 Presidential Campaigns. New York: Greenwood Press. ISBN 0-313-26527-5.
  • Richard W. Boyd, Paul R. Mencher, Philip J. Paseltiner, Ezra Paul, Alexander S. Vanda, The 1984 Election as Anthony Downs and Stanley Kelley Might Interpret It, Political Behavior, Vol. 10, No. 3 (Autumn, 1988), pp. 197–213.

External links

1984 Democratic National Convention

The 1984 National Convention of the U.S. Democratic Party was held at the Moscone Center in San Francisco, California from July 16 to July 19, 1984, to select candidates for the 1984 United States presidential election. Former Vice President Walter Mondale was nominated for President and Representative Geraldine Ferraro of New York was nominated for Vice President. Ferraro became the first woman to be nominated by either major party for the Presidency or Vice-Presidency. In another first, the 1984 Democratic Convention was chaired by the female governor of Kentucky, Martha Layne Collins. The Democratic National Committee Chairman at the time, Charles T. Manatt, led the convention.

1984 United States presidential election in Alaska

The 1984 United States presidential election in Alaska took place on November 6, 1984, as part of the 1984 United States presidential election. Voters chose three representatives, or electors to the Electoral College, who voted for president and vice president.

Alaska was won by incumbent President Ronald Reagan (R-California) with almost two-thirds of the popular vote against Walter Mondale (D-Minnesota) with 29.9%. Reagan ultimately won the national vote, winning re-election. Alaska has only voted Democratic once, and that was in 1964 for Lyndon B. Johnson. Libertarian candidate David Bergland also had his best performance in this state, but did not receive nearly as much support as Ed Clark did in the previous election four years earlier.

1984 United States presidential election in Arizona

The 1984 United States presidential election in Arizona took place on November 6, 1984. All fifty states and the District of Columbia, were part of the 1984 United States presidential election. Arizona voters chose seven electors to the Electoral College, which selected the president and vice president of the United States.

Arizona was won by incumbent United States President Ronald Reagan of California, who was running against former Vice President Walter Mondale of Minnesota. Reagan ran for a second time with incumbent Vice President and former C.I.A. Director George H. W. Bush of Texas, and Mondale ran with Representative Geraldine Ferraro of New York, the first major female candidate for the vice presidency.

1984 United States presidential election in California

The 1984 United States presidential election in California refers to how California participated in the 1984 United States presidential election. California voted for the Republican incumbent and former California Governor, Ronald Reagan, in a landslide over the Democratic challenger, former Minnesota Senator and Vice President Walter Mondale. Reagan easily won his home state with a comfortable 16.24% margin and carried all but five counties. Despite this, California's margin was 1.30% more Democratic than the nation as a whole, a sign of the state's future trend toward the Democratic Party.

Reagan is the last Republican to carry nine California counties in a presidential election: Contra Costa, Humboldt, Lake, Los Angeles, Mendocino, San Mateo, Santa Clara, Solano and Sonoma. No Republican since Reagan has come close to matching his performance in the San Francisco Bay Area, and he's also the last candidate from either party to carry every county they won in the state by a majority of the vote in those counties (more than 50%).

As a result of this election, San Francisco and Alameda were the only two counties in California to have never been carried by Reagan in either of his campaigns for president or for Governor of California (Reagan also did not carry Yolo County in any of his presidential campaigns; however, he carried the county in his 1966 gubernatorial campaign).

1984 United States presidential election in Colorado

The 1984 United States presidential election in Colorado took place on November 6, 1984. All 50 states and the District of Columbia, were part of the 1984 United States presidential election. Colorado voters chose 8 electors to the Electoral College, which selected the president and vice president of the United States.

Colorado was won by incumbent United States President Ronald Reagan of California, who was running against former Vice President Walter Mondale of Minnesota. Reagan ran for a second time with incumbent Vice President and former C.I.A. Director George H. W. Bush of Texas, and Mondale ran with Representative Geraldine Ferraro of New York, the first major female candidate for the vice presidency.

1984 United States presidential election in Maryland

The 1984 United States presidential election in Maryland took place on November 6, 1984, as part of the 1984 United States presidential election. Voters chose ten representatives, or electors to the Electoral College, who voted for president and vice president.

Maryland was won by incumbent President Ronald Reagan (R-California), with 52.51% of the popular vote, over former Vice President Walter Mondale (D-Minnesota) with 47.02% of the popular vote, a 5.49% margin.The vast majority of counties voted for Reagan, winning not just the traditionally Republican western region and Eastern Shore, but also the traditionally Democratic central portion of the state. The race, however, was extremely close due to Mondale's strong performance in the city of Baltimore and Prince George's County, including Reagan's weak performance in Montgomery County, which he won by 888 votes, which also make this the last time as of the 2016 election that a Republican won this county.

Reagan ultimately won the national vote, defeating Mondale.

1984 United States presidential election in Massachusetts

The 1984 United States presidential election in Massachusetts took place on November 6, 1984, as part of the 1984 United States presidential election, which was held throughout all 50 states and D.C. Voters chose 13 representatives, or electors to the Electoral College, who voted for president and vice president.

Massachusetts narrowly voted for incumbent Republican President Ronald Reagan of California over his Democratic challenger, former Vice President Walter Mondale of Minnesota. Reagan ran with incumbent Vice President George H.W. Bush of Texas, while Mondale's running mate was Congresswoman Geraldine Ferraro of New York.

On election day, Reagan won 51.22% of the vote in the state to Mondale's 48.43%, a margin of 2.79%.

Massachusetts had been a Democratic-leaning state since 1928, and a Democratic stronghold since 1960. In 1972, Massachusetts was the only state in the nation to vote for Democrat George McGovern over Republican Richard Nixon in the latter's 49-state landslide. However, in 1980, Reagan had won the state for the GOP for the first time since 1956 in a 3-way race with a plurality of only 41.90% and a razor-thin margin of 0.15%. Thus in a 1984 head-to-head match-up, Massachusetts was one of the few states whose outcome remained in doubt as Reagan appeared poised for a convincing win nationwide.

Ultimately, in the midst of a decisive nationwide Republican landslide, Reagan would narrowly triumph in Massachusetts, as he did in 48 other states, leaving Mondale to win only his home state of Minnesota and the District of Columbia. Reagan's win was the first time a Republican had won an absolute majority of the popular vote in Massachusetts since 1956, although it was still Reagan's narrowest win in the nation, thus making it the second most Democratic state after Minnesota. Massachusetts was about 16% more Democratic than the national average in the 1984 election. In fact Mondale's 48.43% of the vote marked his best result of a state he did not carry.

Reagan carried 9 counties in Massachusetts to Mondale's 5. Reagan's strongest county was suburban Plymouth County, where he took 60.2% of the vote. Mondale's strongest county win was Suffolk County, home to the state's capital and largest city, Boston, where he took 62.3% of the vote.

1984 remains the last time to date that a Republican presidential candidate has carried Massachusetts. It is also the last time that Essex County, Norfolk County, Hampden County, Berkshire County, Franklin County, and Nantucket County voted for the Republican candidate.

1984 United States presidential election in Minnesota

The 1984 United States presidential election in Minnesota took place on November 6, 1984, in Minnesota as part of the 1984 United States presidential election.

The Democratic Party candidate, former Vice President Walter Mondale, narrowly won his home state over incumbent President Ronald Reagan by just 3,761 votes, giving him his only state victory in the election (Mondale also carried the District of Columbia), resulting in the state weighing in at around 18% more Democratic than the nation at large. Minnesota was the only state not to back Reagan in either of his presidential campaigns.

Since all 49 other states went to the Republican Party in 1984, this established Minnesota's status as the state with the longest streak of voting Democratic. As of the 2016 presidential election, it still has not voted for a Republican presidential candidate since 1972. However, the District of Columbia has voted Democratic in all presidential elections since 1964 when it was first granted the right to vote for president.

1984 United States presidential election in Missouri

The 1984 United States presidential election in Missouri took place on November 6, 1984. All 50 states and the District of Columbia, were part of the 1984 United States presidential election. Missouri voters chose 11 electors to the Electoral College, which selected the president and vice president of the United States.

Missouri was won by incumbent United States President Ronald Reagan of California, who was running against former Vice President Walter Mondale of Minnesota. Reagan ran for a second time with former C.I.A. Director George H. W. Bush of Texas, and Mondale ran with Representative Geraldine Ferraro of New York, the first major female candidate for the vice presidency.

1984 United States presidential election in Nebraska

The 1984 United States presidential election in Nebraska took place on November 6, 1984. All 50 states and the District of Columbia, were part of the 1984 United States presidential election. Nebraska voters chose 5 electors to the Electoral College, which selected the president and vice president of the United States.

Nebraska was won by incumbent United States President Ronald Reagan of California, who was running against former Vice President Walter Mondale of Minnesota. Reagan ran for a second time with former C.I.A. Director George H. W. Bush of Texas, and Mondale ran with Representative Geraldine Ferraro of New York, the first major female candidate for the vice presidency.

1984 United States presidential election in New Jersey

The 1984 United States presidential election in New Jersey took place on November 6, 1984. All 50 states and the District of Columbia, were part of the 1984 United States presidential election. New Jersey voters chose 16 electors to the Electoral College, which selected the president and vice president.

New Jersey was won by the Republican nominees, incumbent President Ronald Reagan of California and incumbent Vice President George H.W. Bush of Texas. Reagan and Bush defeated the Democratic nominees, former Vice President Walter Mondale of Minnesota and his running mate Congresswoman Geraldine Ferraro of New York.

Reagan carried New Jersey with 60.09 percent of the vote to Mondale’s 39.20 percent, a margin of 20.89 percent.Reagan also swept nearly every county in the state. Mondale’s only county victory was Essex County, where he defeated Reagan 55.1%–43.5%. This remains the last election in which a Republican presidential nominee has won heavily Democratic Hudson County and Mercer County, both of which narrowly defected to Reagan in 1984 primarily due to the support of working-class Reagan Democrats.

New Jersey weighed in for this election as 1% more Republican than the national average.

1984 United States presidential election in New York

The 1984 United States presidential election in New York took place on November 6, 1984, as part of the 1984 United States presidential election. All fifty States and the District of Columbia participated in this election. Voters in New York chose thirty-six representatives, or electors to the Electoral College, who selected president and vice president.

New York was won by Ronald Reagan with 53.84 percent of the popular vote over Walter Mondale with 45.83 percent, a victory margin of 8.01 percent.In the 1984 election, New York turned out more Democratic than the nation at-large by about ten percentage points. The county results indicate a typical (for the time) split between the less-populated counties upstate, and the urban centers of New York City, Buffalo and Albany. While Mondale carried the heavily populated boroughs of New York City overall with 61 percent of the vote, the strong Republican performance in most upstate counties as well as in the populated suburban areas around NYC was able to pull the state's electoral votes in favor of Reagan.

A portent of the future was seen in Mondale carrying Tompkins County, home of the college town of Ithaca. He was only the third Democrat to do so since the Civil War, after Woodrow Wilson in 1912 and Lyndon Johnson in 1964, and Mondale managing this in a near 50-state landslide loss illustrates how much this county was trending. It is also noteworthy that this was the last time that New York voted more Republican than neighboring Pennsylvania. As of the 2016 presidential election, it is the last time New York has voted for a Republican in a presidential election, as well as the last time Schenectady County did so.

1984 United States presidential election in North Carolina

The 1984 United States presidential election in North Carolina took place on November 6, 1984, and was part of the 1984 United States presidential election. Voters chose 13 representatives, or electors to the Electoral College, who voted for president and vice president.

North Carolina strongly voted for the Republican nominee, President Ronald Reagan, over the Democratic nominee, Vice President Walter Mondale in a landslide. The final margin was 61.90% to 37.89%, which compared to the other southern states, was close to the southern average. This margin was a huge swing from 1980, where Reagan had only narrowly carried the state. No Democrat would win in North Carolina again until 2008. As of the 2016 presidential election, this is the last election in which Vance County, Chatham County, and Scotland County voted for the Republican candidate.

1984 United States presidential election in North Dakota

The 1984 United States presidential election in North Dakota took place on November 6, 1984. All 50 states and the District of Columbia, were part of the 1984 United States presidential election. North Dakota voters chose 3 electors to the Electoral College, which selected the president and vice president of the United States.

North Dakota was won by incumbent United States President Ronald Reagan of California, who was running against former Vice President Walter Mondale of Minnesota. Reagan ran for a second time with former C.I.A. Director George H. W. Bush of Texas, and Mondale ran with Representative Geraldine Ferraro of New York, the first major female candidate for the vice presidency.

1984 United States presidential election in Pennsylvania

The 1984 United States presidential election in Pennsylvania took place on November 6, 1984, and was part of the 1984 United States presidential election. Voters chose 25 representatives, or electors to the Electoral College, who voted for president and vice president.

Pennsylvania voted for the Republican nominee, President Ronald Reagan, over the Democratic nominee, former Vice President Walter Mondale. Reagan won Pennsylvania by a margin of 7.35 percentage points.

Reagan won the state by sweeping the small towns and rural areas of central Pennsylvania and performing well in the traditionally Republican suburbs of Philadelphia, but the race was kept within single digits by Mondale’s strong showing in traditionally Democratic Western Pennsylvania, along with decisive double-digit wins in the cities of Pittsburgh and Philadelphia. As of the 2016 presidential election, this is the last election in which Lackawanna County voted Republican. It is along with the two Dwight D. Eisenhower/Adlai Stevenson II elections of 1952 and 1956, one of only three elections since the Civil War in which Pennsylvania voted more Democratic than neighboring New York.

1984 United States presidential election in South Carolina

The 1984 United States presidential election in South Carolina took place on November 6, 1984. All fifty states and the District of Columbia, were part of the 1984 United States presidential election. South Carolina voters chose eight electors to the Electoral College, which selected the president and vice president of the United States.

South Carolina was won by incumbent United States President Ronald Reagan of California, who was running against former Vice President Walter Mondale of Minnesota. Reagan ran for a second time with incumbent Vice President and former C.I.A. Director George H. W. Bush of Texas, and Mondale ran with Representative Geraldine Ferraro of New York, the first major female candidate for the vice presidency.

1984 United States presidential election in Vermont

The 1984 United States presidential election in Vermont took place on November 6, 1984, as part of the 1984 United States presidential election, which was held throughout all fifty states and D.C. Voters chose three representatives, or electors to the Electoral College, who voted for president and vice president.

Vermont voted for the Republican nominee, incumbent President Ronald Reagan, over the Democratic nominee, former Vice President Walter Mondale, by a margin of 17.11%. Reagan took 57.92% of the vote to Mondale's 40.81%.

1984 would prove to be the last election in which Vermont was considered a safe Republican state, becoming a swing state four years later in 1988 and eventually one of the most liberal of blue states after 1992. While Reagan himself won the state comfortably, the Republican Party’s shift to the right he represented was already causing signs of weakness to develop in Vermont. Between 1856 and 1956 generally the most Republican state in the country, the scale of Reagan’s nationwide landslide concealed the fact that 1984 was the second election in a row in which Vermont was more Democratic than the nation as a whole: Reagan had carried the state by 17.11 percent versus his 18.22 percent national victory margin, making the state 1.11 percent more Democratic than the nation. Prior to Reagan, Vermont had been more Republican than the nation in every election from the founding of the Republican Party until 1980, except 1964, when another conservative, Barry Goldwater, was the Republican nominee. By contrast, as recently as 1976, moderate Republican Gerald Ford had performed 13.26 percent stronger in Vermont than he did nationally.

1984 would be the last time in which a Republican presidential nominee carried every county in Vermont, and the last when the GOP carried Addison, Chittenden, Franklin, Grand Isle and Windham Counties.

1984 United States presidential election in Washington (state)

The 1984 United States presidential election in Washington took place on November 6, 1984. All 50 states and the District of Columbia, were part of the 1984 United States presidential election. Washington voters chose 10 electors to the Electoral College, which selected the president and vice president of the United States.

Washington State was won by incumbent United States President Ronald Reagan of California, who was running against former Vice President Walter Mondale of Minnesota. Reagan ran for a second time with incumbent Vice President and former C.I.A. Director George H. W. Bush of Texas, and Mondale ran with Representative Geraldine Ferraro of New York, the first major female candidate for the vice presidency. This is the last time Washington has voted for a Republican in a presidential election, though Colin Powell would receive the votes of three faithless electors in 2016.

1984 United States presidential election in West Virginia

The 1984 United States presidential election in West Virginia took place on November 6, 1984. All 50 states and the District of Columbia, were part of the 1984 United States presidential election. West Virginia voters chose 6 electors to the Electoral College, which selected the president and vice president of the United States.

West Virginia was won by incumbent United States President Ronald Reagan of California, who was running against former Vice President Walter Mondale of Minnesota. Reagan ran for a second time with incumbent Vice President and former C.I.A. Director George H. W. Bush of Texas, and Mondale ran with Representative Geraldine Ferraro of New York, the first major female candidate for the vice presidency.

List of Walter Mondale endorsements

Mondale had received endorsements from:

United States House of Representatives
Governors and State Constitutional officers
Former officeholders
Former diplomats, board members and other officials
Organizations and Unions
Current and former state and local officials and party officeholders
Alabama
California
Georgia
Illinois
  • Former Alderman, President of the City Council, 1983 mayoral candidate, and Cook County Democratic Party Chairman Edward Vrdolyak of Chicago[25]
Michigan

List of Gary Hart endorsements

Hart had received endorsements from:

United States House of Representatives
Celebrities, political activists, and political commentators

List of Jesse Jackson endorsements

Jackson had received endorsements from:

United States House of Representatives
Former officeholders
Current and former state and local officials and party officeholders
Alabama
Georgia
  • State Representative Tyrone Brookes[35]
Illinois
Indiana
Washington, D.C.
Organizations and unions
Celebrities, political activists, and political commentators

List of Ernest F. Hollings endorsements

Hollings had received endorsements from:

United States Senate
State Constitutional officers

List of John Glenn endorsements

Glenn had received endorsements from:

United States Senate
United States House of Representatives
Governors and State Constitutional officers
Current and former state and local officials and party officeholders
Georgia
Texas
  • State Representative Larry Walker[19]
Celebrities

List of Alan Cranston endorsements

Cranston had received endorsements from:

United States House of Representatives

List of Reubin Askew endorsements

Askew had received endorsements from:

United States Senate
United States House of Representatives
Governors and State Constitutional officers
Current and former state and local officials and party officeholders
Florida
State and district results of the 1984 U.S. presidential election
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