1984 Republican National Convention

The 1984 National Convention of the Republican Party of the United States convened on August 20 to August 23, 1984, at Dallas Convention Center in downtown Dallas, Texas. The convention nominated President Ronald W. Reagan and [1] Vice President George H. W. Bush for reelection.

It was the thirty-third GOP presidential nominating convention, the first Republican convention held in Texas (the first Republican convention in the South outside Florida), and the only convention of either party held in Dallas.

Reagan's popularity had rebounded after the early 1980s recession, and he became the first incumbent president since Lyndon B. Johnson in 1964 to run without serious opposition in the primary. The keynote address on August 20 was delivered by Katherine Ortega, Treasurer of the United States. Other speakers included Elizabeth Dole, United States Secretary of Transportation; Jeane Kirkpatrick, U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations (who delivered her now-famous "Blame America First" speech [2]); and Representative Jack Kemp of Buffalo, New York.

The convention also included a valedictory address by retiring U.S. Senator Barry Goldwater of Arizona. Goldwater was widely credited as the political founder of the New Right in the United States, of which Reagan was the political heir, and Reagan had gained notice for his "A Time for Choosing" speech supporting Goldwater in October 1964. Vice President George H.W. Bush gave a powerful address, some believing it debuted him as the de facto nominee of the GOP in 1988. President Reagan spoke after, and addressed the nation and the party on the future and highlighted the "Morning in America". Country singer Lee Greenwood was also featured, and sang "God Bless the USA," which had been released earlier that year.

1984 Republican National Convention
1984 presidential election
RP1984
RV1984
Nominees
Reagan and Bush
Convention
Date(s)August 20–23, 1984
CityDallas, Texas
VenueDallas Convention Center
Keynote speakerKatherine D. Ortega
Candidates
Presidential nomineeRonald Reagan of California
Vice Presidential nomineeGeorge Bush of Texas
Palacio de Convenciones en Dallas
The Dallas Convention Center was the site of the 1984 Republican National Convention
President Reagan and Vice-President Bush at the Republican National Convention, Dallas, TX - NARA - 198555
Reagan and Bush at the convention

Nomination talleys

Having run without opposition, President Reagan was nominated unanimously on the roll call vote. To save time, the Vice Presidential vote was held simultaneously, with Vice President Bush receiving 2,042 votes and Jack Kemp and Anne Armstrong receiving one vote each. This would be the last Vice Presidential tally at a Republican Convention during the 20th century.

Security

The convention was recruited to Dallas by the chairman of the host committee, later Texas state Republican chairman, Fred Meyer, a Dallas business who was then the president of the Tyler Corporation.[3]

The Dallas Police Department, under Police Chief Billy Prince, was charged with providing security for the convention, including that of the delegates, President Ronald Reagan, and Vice President George H.W. Bush. Security planning, preparations and training for the event began in the police department a year in advance of the convention. President Reagan and Vice President Bush were scheduled to be housed in separate towers of the Anatole Hotel complex near downtown. Key commanders of the security plan included:

President Reagan
  • Convention Security Commander - Assistant Chief Leslie Sweet
  • Field Operations Commander - Deputy Chief William Newman
  • Headquarters Hotel Commander - Captain Doug Sword
  • Intelligence Commander - Captain Greg Holliday
  • Convention Center Commander - Captain Dwight Walker
  • Detention Services Commander - Captain Frank Hearron
  • Dignitary Protection Commander - Captain John Holt
  • Traffic Control Commander - Captain T.D. Tolleson
  • Demonstration Management Commander - Captain Ray Hawkins
  • Support Services Commander - Captain John Squier
  • Presidential Hotel Response Team Commander - Lieutenant Rick Stone[4]

The only incident of any consequence to occur during the convention was when the so-called Yippies made their last headlines. On Wednesday, August 22, 1984, a group of protesters calling itself the "Corporate War Chest Tour" conducted a minor theft and vandalism spree against businesses in downtown Dallas. Under the security plan, various police response teams were mobilized consisting primarily of the Demonstration Management teams under the command of Captain Hawkins and the Presidential Hotel Response Teams, commanded by Lieutenant Stone, which were held in reserve on the eastern perimeter of downtown. Dozens of protesters were peacefully arrested including, Revolutionary Communist Youth Brigade member Gregory Lee Johnson, who burned a U.S. flag, which had been stolen from a flagpole in front of a downtown building. Johnson was charged with Desecration of Venerated Object, a misdemeanor violation of the Texas Penal Code. He was later convicted and his conviction was upheld at the state level. Johnson appealed the conviction to the federal courts, arguing that burning the flag was protected by the First Amendment to the United States Constitution. The case of Texas v. Johnson was appealed to the United States Supreme Court, which ruled on June 21, 1989, in Johnson's favor and invalidated flag desecration statutes throughout the country. The remains of the charred flag were gathered by a civil servant, Daniel E. Walker of Fort Worth, who buried them according to military protocol in his backyard.[5]

See also

References

  1. ^ Text of President Reagan's convention speech http://millercenter.org/president/speeches/detail/3411 Archived 2012-05-09 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ "1984 Jeane Kirkpatrick". CNN.
  3. ^ Gromer Jeffers, Jr.; Joe Simnacher (September 24, 2012). "Fred Meyer, who built Dallas and Texas GOP into dominant force, dies at age 84". The Dallas Morning News. Retrieved March 18, 2015.
  4. ^ City of Dallas, Security Plan, 1984 Republican National Convention
  5. ^ "Jan Jarvis, "Humble man gained national attention for burying flag that had been set on fire at protest"". Fort Worth Star-Telegram, September 16, 2009. Retrieved September 22, 2009.

External links

Preceded by
1980
Detroit, Michigan
Republican National Conventions Succeeded by
1988
New Orleans, Louisiana
1983 Libertarian National Convention

The 1983 Libertarian National Convention was held from August 29 to September 4, 1983, at the Sheraton Hotel in New York, New York. The delegates at the convention, on behalf of the U.S. Libertarian Party, nominated David Bergland for the presidency and James A. Lewis for the vice-presidency in the 1984 presidential election.Paul Grant was elected as chairman of the Libertarian Party National Committee, winning out over Sheldon Richman. Grant served as chairman from 1983 to 1985.Libertarians hold a National Convention every two years to vote on party bylaws, platform and resolutions and elect national party officers and a judicial committee. Every four years it nominates presidential and vice presidential candidates.

1984 Democratic National Convention

The 1984 National Convention of the U.S. Democratic Party was held at the Moscone Center in San Francisco, California from July 16 to July 19, 1984, to select candidates for the 1984 United States presidential election. Former Vice President Walter Mondale was nominated for President and Representative Geraldine Ferraro of New York was nominated for Vice President. Ferraro became the first woman to be nominated by either major party for the Presidency or Vice-Presidency. In another first, the 1984 Democratic Convention was chaired by the female governor of Kentucky, Martha Layne Collins. The Democratic National Committee Chairman at the time, Charles T. Manatt, led the convention.

1984 Republican Party presidential primaries

The 1984 Republican presidential primaries were the selection process by which voters of the Republican Party chose its nominee for President of the United States in the 1984 U.S. presidential election. Incumbent President Ronald Reagan was again selected as the nominee through a series of primary elections and caucuses culminating in the 1984 Republican National Convention held from August 20 to August 23, 1984, in Dallas, Texas.

The primaries were uneventful as Reagan was virtually assured of the nomination by virtue of his popularity within the party. Thus, he faced only token opposition in the primary race.

1986 United States Senate election in Maryland

The 1986 United States Senate election in Maryland was held on November 3, 1986. Incumbent Republican U.S. Senator Charles Mathias, Jr. decided to retire, instead of seeking a fourth term. Democratic nominee Congresswoman Barbara Mikulski defeated Reagan Administration official Linda Chavez for the open seat.

A. C. Greene Jr.

A. C. Greene (né Alvin Carl Greene Jr.; 4 Nov 1923 – 5 April 2002) was an American writer – important in Texas literary matters as a memoirist, fiction writer, historian, poet, and influential book critic in Dallas. As a newspaper journalist, he had been a book critic and editor of the Editorial Page for the Dallas Times Herald when John F. Kennedy was assassinated, which galvanized his role at the paper to help untangle and lift a demoralized city in search of its soul. Leaving full-time journalism in 1968, Greene went on to become a prolific author of books, notably on Texas lore and history. His notoriety led to stints in radio and TV as talk-show host. By the 1980s, his commentaries were being published by major media across the country. He had become a sought-after source for Texas history, anecdotes, cultural perspective, facts, humor, books, and politics. When the 1984 Republican National Convention was held in Dallas, Greene granted sixty-three interviews about Texas topics to major media journalists. Greene's 1990 book, Taking Heart – which examines the experiences of the first patient in a new heart transplant center (himself) – made the New York Times Editors Choice list.

Electoral history of George H. W. Bush

George Herbert Walker Bush, 41st President of the United States (1989–1993), 43rd Vice President of the United States (1981–1989); Director of the CIA (1976–1977) and United States Representative from Texas (1967–1971).

Texas United States Senate election, 1964 (Republican primary):

George H. W. Bush – 62,985 (44.08%)

Jack Cox – 45,561 (31.89%)

Robert J. Morris – 28,279 (19.79%)

Milton Davis – 6,067 (4.25%)Texas United States Senate election, 1964 (Republican primary runoff):

George H. W. Bush – 49,751 (62.12%)

Jack Cox – 30,333 (37.88%)Texas United States Senate election, 1964:

Ralph Yarborough (D) (inc.) – 1,463,958 (56.22%)

George H. W. Bush (R) – 1,134,337 (43.56%)

Jack Carswell (Constitution) – 5,542 (0.21%)Texas' 7th congressional district, 1966:

George H. W. Bush (R) – 53,756 (57.07%)

Frank Briscoe (D) – 39,958 (42.42%)

Bob Gray (Constitution) – 488 (0.52%)Texas' 7th congressional district, 1968:

George H. W. Bush (R) (inc.) – 110,455 (100.00%)Texas United States Senate election, 1970 (Republican primary):

George H. W. Bush – 96,806 (87.64%)

Robert J. Morris – 13,654 (12.36%)Texas United States Senate election, 1970:

Lloyd Bentsen (D) – 1,194,069 (53.55%)

George H. W. Bush (R) – 1,035,794 (46.45%)1980 Republican presidential primaries:

Ronald Reagan – 7,709,793 (59.79%)

George H. W. Bush – 3,070,033 (23.81%)

John B. Anderson – 1,572,174 (12.19%)

Howard Baker – 181,153 (1.41%)

Phil Crane – 97,793 (0.76%)

John Connally – 82,625 (0.64%)

Unpledged delegates – 68,155 (0.53%)

Ben Fernandez – 25,520 (0.20%)

Harold Stassen – 25,425 (0.20%)

Gerald Ford – 10,557 (0.08%)

Bob Dole – 7,204 (0.06%)

Others – 33,217 (0.26%)1980 Republican National Convention (Presidential tally):

Ronald Reagan – 1,939 (97.44%)

John B. Anderson – 37 (1.86%)

George H. W. Bush – 13 (0.65%)

Anne Armstrong – 1 (0.05%)1980 Republican National Convention (Vice Presidential tally):

George H. W. Bush – 1,832 (93.33%)

Jesse Helms – 54 (2.75%)

Jack Kemp – 42 (2.14%)

Phil Crane – 23 (1.17%)

James R. Thompson – 5 (0.26%)

John M. Ashbrook – 1 (0.05%)

Howard Baker – 1 (0.05%)

Henry J. Hyde – 1 (0.05%)

Donald Rumsfeld – 1 (0.05%)

Eugene Schroeder – 1 (0.05%)

William E. Simon – 1 (0.05%)

Guy Vander Jagt – 1 (0.05%)United States presidential election, 1980

Ronald Reagan/George H. W. Bush (R) – 43,903,230 (50.7%) and 489 electoral votes (44 states carried)

Jimmy Carter/Walter Mondale (D) (inc.) – 35,480,115 (41.0%) and 49 electoral votes (6 states and D.C. carried)

John B. Anderson/Patrick Joseph Lucey (I) – 5,719,850 (6.6%)

Ed Clark/David H. Koch (Libertatian) – 921,128 (1.1%)

Barry Commoner/LaDonna Harris (Citizens) – 233,052 (0.3%)

John Rarick/Eileen Shearer (American Independent) – 40,906 (0.0%)

Ellen McCormack/Carroll Driscoll (Right to Life) – 32,320 (0.0%)

Others – 252,303 (0.3%)1984 Republican National Convention (Vice Presidential tally):

George H. W. Bush (inc.) – 2,231 (99.82%)

Abstaining – 2 (0.09%)

Jack Kemp – 1 (0.05%)

Jeane Kirkpatrick – 1 (0.05%)United States presidential election, 1984

Ronald Reagan/George H. W. Bush (R) (inc.) – 54,455,472 (58.8%) and 525 electoral votes (49 states carried)

Walter Mondale/Geraldine Ferraro (D) – 37,577,352 (40.6%) and 13 electoral votes (1 state and D.C. carried)

David Bergland/James A. Lewis (Libertarian) – 228,111 (0.3%)

Others – 392,298 (0.4%)1988 Republican presidential primaries:

George H. W. Bush – 8,258,512 (67.91%)

Bob Dole – 2,333,375 (19.19%)

Pat Robertson – 1,097,446 (9.02%)

Jack Kemp – 331,333 (2.72%)

Unpledged – 56,990 (0.47%)

Pierre S. du Pont, IV – 49,783 (0.41%)

Alexander M. Haig – 26,619 (0.22%)

Harold Stassen – 2,682 (0.02%)1988 Republican National Convention (Presidential tally):

George H. W. Bush – 2,277 (100.00%)United States presidential election, 1988

George H. W. Bush/Dan Quayle (R) – 48,886,597 (53.4%) and 426 electoral votes (40 states carried)

Michael Dukakis/Lloyd Bentsen (D) – 41,809,476 (45.6%) and 111 electoral votes (10 states and D.C. carried)

Lloyd Bentsen/Michael Dukakis (D) – 1 electoral vote (West Virginia's faithless elector)

Ron Paul/Andre Marrou (Libertarian) – 431,750 (0.5%)

Lenora Fulani (New Alliance) – 217,221 (0.2%)

Others – 249,642 (0.3%)1992 Republican presidential primaries:

George H. W. Bush (inc.) – 9,199,463 (72.84%)

Pat Buchanan – 2,899,488 (22.96%)

Unpledged – 287,383 (2.28%)

David Duke – 119,115 (0.94%)

Ross Perot – 56,136 (0.44%)

Pat Paulsen – 10,984 (0.09%)

Maurice Horton – 9,637 (0.08%)

Harold Stassen – 8,099 (0.06%)1992 Republican National Convention (Presidential tally):

George H. W. Bush (inc.) – 2,189 (99.05%)

Pat Buchanan – 18 (0.81%)

Howard Phillips – 2 (0.09%)

Alan Keyes – 1 (0.05%)1992 New York State Right to Life Party Convention:

George H. W. Bush – unopposedUnited States presidential election, 1992

Bill Clinton/Al Gore (D) – 44,909,806 (43.0%) and 370 electoral votes (32 states and D.C. carried)

George H. W. Bush/Dan Quayle (R) (inc.) – 39,104,550 (37.4%) and 168 electoral votes (18 states carried)

Ross Perot/James Stockdale (I) – 19,743,821 (18.9%)

Andre Marrou/Nancy Lord (Libertarian) – 290,087 (0.3%)

Bo Gritz/Cy Minett (Populist) – 106,152 (0.1%)

Lenora Fulani/Maria Muñoz (New Alliance) – 73,622 (0.07%)

Howard Phillips/Albion Knight, Jr. (Taxpayers) – 43,369 (0.04%)

Others – 152,516 (0.13%)

Electoral history of Ronald Reagan

This is the electoral history of Ronald Reagan. Reagan, a Republican, served as the 40th President of the United States (1981–89) and earlier as the 33rd Governor of California (1967–75).

Having been elected twice to the presidency, Reagan reshaped the Republican party, led the modern conservative movement, and altered the political dynamic of the United States. His 1980 presidential campaign stressed some of his fundamental principles: lower taxes to stimulate the economy, less government interference in people's lives, states' rights, and a strong national defense.During his presidency, Reagan pursued policies that reflected his personal belief in individual freedom, brought changes domestically, both to the U.S. economy and expanded military, and contributed to the end of the Cold War. Termed the Reagan Revolution, his presidency would reinvigorate American morale, reinvigorate the American economy and reduce American reliance upon government.In addition to this, Reagan was the oldest person ever elected to the presidency, at the age of 69 on the date of his first presidential election victory in 1980. He was surpassed in 2016 by Donald Trump as the oldest person first elected to the presidency, but Reagan currently remains the oldest person ever elected president, in 1984 at 73.

God Bless the U.S.A.

"God Bless the U.S.A." is an American patriotic song written and recorded by country music artist Lee Greenwood, and is considered to be his signature song. The first album it appears on is 1984's You've Got a Good Love Comin'. It reached No. 7 on the Billboard magazine Hot Country Singles chart when originally released in the spring of 1984, and was played at the 1984 Republican National Convention with President Ronald Reagan and First Lady Nancy Reagan in attendance, but the song gained greater prominence during the Gulf War in 1990 and 1991, as a way of boosting morale.

The popularity of the song rose sharply after the September 11 attacks and during the 2003 invasion of Iraq, and the song was re-released as a single, re-entering the country music charts at No. 16 and peaking at No. 16 on the Billboard Hot 100 pop chart in 2001. The song was also re-recorded in 2003 and released as "God Bless the U.S.A. 2003". Greenwood also wrote a Canadian version of this song called "God Bless You Canada". The song has sold over a million copies in the United States by July 2015.

Gregory Lee Johnson

Gregory Lee "Joey" Johnson (born 1956) is an American revolutionary Communist activist whose burning of the flag of the United States in a political demonstration during the 1984 Republican National Convention in Dallas, Texas, in violation of a Texas law prohibiting flag desecration, led to his role as defendant in the landmark United States Supreme Court case Texas v. Johnson (1989).

Reagan (film)

Reagan is a 2011 American documentary film, written and directed by Eugene Jarecki, covering the life and presidency of Ronald Reagan. The documentary was aired as part of the centennial anniversary of Reagan's birth, and screened at the 2011 Sundance Film Festival. The film includes interviews with and commentary by several people who worked in Reagan's White House.It was reviewed favorably by New York Times columnist Bob Herbert, who wrote, "Mr. Jarecki’s documentary does a first-rate job of respectfully separating the real from the mythical, the significant from the nonsense."

Revolutionary Communist Youth Brigade

The Revolutionary Communist Youth Brigade (RCYB) is the former youth group of the Revolutionary Communist Party, USA. It was founded as the Attica Brigade, and then was renamed the Revolutionary Student Brigade.

During its existence, the most famous member of the RCYB was Gregory Lee "Joey" Johnson. During the 1984 Republican National Convention in Dallas, Texas, he burned the United States flag to protest the policies of the Reagan administration. Johnson was arrested and convicted, but had his conviction overturned on appeal. The State of Texas then sought and obtained review by the Supreme Court. In Texas v. Johnson, a five-justice majority of the court held that Johnson’s act of flag burning was protected speech under the First Amendment to the United States Constitution.

Rex (dog)

Rex (December 16, 1984 – August 31, 1998) was a Cavalier King Charles Spaniel owned by Ronald Reagan and his wife Nancy during his term as President of the United States.

Ronald Reagan Freedom Award

The Ronald Reagan Freedom Award is the highest civilian honor bestowed by the private Ronald Reagan Presidential Foundation. The award is given to "those who have made monumental and lasting contributions to the cause of freedom worldwide."Until her death, the award was given by Former First Lady Nancy Reagan on behalf of her husband, who died in June 2004. The award was first given in 1992, by President Ronald Reagan himself, as well as in 1993, but in 1994 Mrs. Reagan presented the award instead of her husband. Ronald Reagan had been diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease a few months before, and was not able to attend the ceremony.

In order to receive the award, the potential recipient must "have made monumental and lasting contributions to the cause of freedom worldwide," as well as "embody President Reagan's lifelong belief that one man or woman truly can make a difference."

Ronald Reagan in fiction

This article is about fictional appearances of the real-life person Ronald Reagan.

Rosey Grier

Roosevelt Grier (born July 14, 1932) is an American actor, singer, Protestant minister, and former professional American football player. He was a notable college football player for The Pennsylvania State University who earned a retrospective place in the National Collegiate Athletic Association 100th anniversary list of 100 most influential student athletes. As a professional player, Grier was a member of the New York Giants and the original Fearsome Foursome of the Los Angeles Rams. He played in the Pro Bowl twice.

After Grier's professional sports career, he worked as a bodyguard for Robert Kennedy during the 1968 presidential campaign and was guarding the senator's wife, Ethel Kennedy, during the Robert F. Kennedy assassination. Although unable to prevent that killing, Grier took control of the gun and subdued the shooter, Sirhan Sirhan.

Grier hosted his own Los Angeles television show and made approximately 70 guest appearances on various shows during the 1960s and 1970s. In 1979 Grier appeared on season three, episode 14 of The Love Boat.

As a singer, Grier first released singles on the A label in 1960, and over the following twenty-five years he continued to record on various labels including Liberty, Ric, MGM, and A&M. His recording of a tribute to Robert Kennedy, "People Make the World" (written by Bobby Womack), was his only chart single, peaking at No. 128 in 1968.

Grier is known for his serious pursuit of hobbies not traditionally associated with men. He has authored several books, including Rosey Grier's Needlepoint for Men in 1973. Grier became an ordained Protestant minister in 1983 and travels as an inspirational speaker. He founded American Neighborhood Enterprises, a nonprofit organization that serves inner city youth. He was also a featured speaker at the 1984 Republican National Convention; during its evening session on August 20, 1984, he endorsed President Ronald Reagan for re-election.

Seymore D. Fair

Seymore D. Fair (a.k.a. Seymour D. Fair, and sometimes called Seymore de Faire or Seymour d'Fair) is a funny animal cartoon and costumed character who was the official mascot of the 1984 Louisiana World Exposition. An anthropomorphic white pelican, Seymore typically wears a blue tuxedo jacket, large top hat, spats, and white gloves. His name is derived from the N'Awlins "Yat" phrase "See more of the fair". Seymore had the unique distinction and honor of being the "world's 1st-ever" character mascot in the history of World Expositions (circa 1851).From Los Angeles to New York to Paris and London, Seymore performed on the world stage promoting the New Orleans World's Fair. Back home in the Big Easy he and his best friend Pepe' la Gator, entertained over 7,000,000+ visitors bringing smiles and laughter to all who experienced their magnanimous personalities.

Seymore had many notable moments during his reign including promotional tours throughout the US and even in Europe. Once while in France, he was escorted out of the Louvre for being too "spectacular". During the 1984 Republican National Convention, he made a big splash rubbing feathers on stage with the likes of George H. W. Bush, Vice-President of the United States and interacted with numerous Chiefs of State. Back in Washington DC, he hung out with Billy Joel at the White House entertaining wives of Russian Diplomats. Seymore even appeared on Saturday Night Live, shown guarding an entrance to the White House with Secret Service agents.

The Day Reagan Was Shot

The Day Reagan Was Shot is a 2001 American made-for-television film drama film directed by Cyrus Nowrasteh and co-produced by Oliver Stone. The film stars Richard Dreyfuss as Alexander Haig and Richard Crenna as Ronald Reagan, and co-stars Michael Murphy, Holland Taylor, Kenneth Welsh and Colm Feore.

Timeline of Dallas

This article contains a timeline of major events in the history of Dallas, Texas (USA). It serves as an abridged supplement to the main history article for the city and its several subarticles on periods in the city's history.

What would Reagan do?

What would Reagan do? (sometimes abbreviated WWRD) is a phrase that has become popular primarily among conservatives and Republicans in the United States. Its usage reflects a belief in former United States President Ronald Reagan as a model conservative leader whose philosophy and policies provide guidance and a good example for modern politicians.

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