In 1984 the second direct elections to the European Parliament were held in France. Four parties were able to win seats: an alliance of the centre right Union for French Democracy and the Gaullist Rally for the Republic, the Socialist Party and the French Communist Party, and the Front National. 56.7% of the French population turned out on election day.
The result was the first time the far-right Front National obtained important results — this time 10.8% and close to the declining French Communist Party. Jonah Birch argues in Jacobin that the FN's rise in popularity was caused by the Socialists abandoning their Keynesian platform the previous year and instead pursuing policies of austerity.
|European Parliament election in France, 1984|
81 seats to the European Parliament
|← 1979 • 1984 • 1989 →|
|National party||European party||Main candidate||Votes||%||+/−||Seats||+/−|
|Union for French Democracy (UDF) + Rally for the Republic (RPR)||Simone Veil||8,683,596||43.03||41|
|Socialist Party (PS)||Lionel Jospin||4,188,875||20.76||20|
|Communist Party (PCF)||Georges Marchais||2,261,312||11.21||10|
|National Front (FN)||Jean-Marie Le Pen||2,210,334||10.95||10|
|The Greens (VERTS)||Didier Anger||680,080||3.37||0|
|UCR + Ecologists + MRG||François Doubin
|Workers' Struggle (LO)||Arlette Laguiller||417,702||2.07||0|
|Union for French Democracy dissidents (UDF diss.)||Francine Gomez||382,404||1.89||0|
|Blank and invalid votes||737,838||3.53|
|Electorate (eligible voters) and voter turnout||36,880,688||56.72|