January 10 - New York Supreme Court Justice Richard Lane issues a preliminary injunction barring the Yankees from playing their season-opening series with the Detroit Tigers in Denver. The club had sought to move the games because it feared off-season renovations to Yankee Stadium would not be completed for the series April 11–13.
January 19 - The Los Angeles Dodgers trade Ron Cey to the Chicago Cubs for two minor leaguers, leaving Bill Russell as the last remaining member of an infield tandem that had been together since 1974. Russell would remain with the Dodgers until retiring after the 1986 season.
February 5 - The Kansas City Royals traded minor league prospect Cecil Fielder to the Toronto Blue Jays for 32-year old outfielder Leon Roberts, who will retire after two mediocre seasons in Kansas City. "Big Daddy" will go on to enjoy several MVP like caliber seasons during his 13-year tenure in the Major Leagues, having his best years playing with The Detroit Tigers.
April 7 - Major League Baseball, ABC, and NBC agree to terms of a six-year television package worth $1.2 billion. The two networks will continue alternative coverage of the All-Star Game, the playoffs and the World Series through the 1989 season with each of the 26 clubs receiving $7 million per year in return. The last package gave each club $1.9 billion per year.
April 13 – Philadelphia Phillies catcherBo Díaz accomplishes something that only 11 other Major League players have in the 150-plus year history of the sport: a "Sayonara Slam" (a walk off Grand Slam in the bottom of the ninth inning with two outs and his team trailing by three runs). With the New York Mets leading the Phillies, 9–6, and the Phillies down to their last out, Díaz drives a 2-1 Neil Allen pitch out of Veterans Stadium to win the game for the Phillies, 10–9.
May 2 – José Oquendo makes his major league debut with the New York Mets. Having been born on July 4, 1963, he is the first player in franchise history to be younger than the franchise (which began play in 1962).
May 29 - Dodgers reliever Steve Howe checks himself into drug rehabilitation for cocaine addiction. The Dodgers fine him $54,000. He would return in June and commissioner Bowie Kuhn placed him on 3 years probation.
July 24 – In the game now known as the Pine Tar Game, George Brett hits an apparent go-ahead 2-run home run off of Goose Gossage in the ninth inning of a game against the New York Yankees at Yankee Stadium. However, Yankees manager Billy Martin challenges that Brett's bat has more than the 18 inches (460 mm) of pine tar allowed, and home plate umpire Tim McClelland upholds Martin's challenge. After being called out and having the home run nullified, Brett goes ballistic and charges out of the dugout after McClelland. The AL president's office later upholds the Kansas City Royals protest, restoring the home run, and the game is completed on August 18, with the Royals winning 5-4.
September 13 – Dan Quisenberry the famed Kansas City Royals relief pitcher breaks John Hiller for most saves in a season with his 39th save. The submariner pitcher record the final two outs in a 4-3 victory over The California Angels.
September 17 – The Chicago White Sox defeat the Seattle Mariners 4-3 at old Comiskey Park, clinching their first division title. It secures their first post season berth since 1959, and the last the team has at old Comiskey.
September 19 – Steve Howe misses a Dodgers' team flight to Atlanta and refuses a drug test. Commissioner Bowie Kuhn convenes an investigation and it is revealed that Howe was being treated by a doctor but not in drug rehab. Howe sits out the remainder of the season.
September 20 - In the first inning of a 14-1 rain-shortened five-inning victory over The Baltimore Orioles. The Detroit Tigers stroke 10 consecutive hits on 11 runs. Detroit's opening offense ties the American League record for runs scored to start the game, which was established by the Boston Americans in 1901.
October 1 - Carl Yastrzemski played his last MLB game at Fenway Park. During his farewell appearance, he lapped the entire field to say thanks to his illustrious 23-year career all with The Red Sox.
October 2 – Inspired by the outpouring of tributes lavished on retiring Boston Red Sox star Carl Yastrzemski, the producers of Boston phone-in radio show The Sports Huddle on radio station WHDH, decide to do a satirical tribute to Vern Rapp, who also plans to retire at the end of the season after five years as first-base coach of the Montreal Expos (1979-1983). On the last day of the regular season, they proceeded with their tongue in cheek tribute to Rapp, including a mock telethon in which phone callers were invited to pledge money to Rapp's retirement fund (a substantial sum was actually pledged, though no money was collected), and a song to the tune of Bye Bye Birdie ("Bye Bye Vern Rapp"). The program turned out to be anything but a spoof, though. St. Louis Cardinals broadcaster Mike Shannon spoke admiringly of the man, and Rapp, reached by telephone in Montreal, was choked up by the whole affair. WHDH also conducted a telephone interview with Sheldon Bender, vice-president of player personnel for the Cincinnati Reds. Until the station called, Bender was unaware that Rapp was leaving the Expos. Bender suggested Rapp at a meeting the next day at which the Reds' bosses were discussing whether to fire Manager Russ Nixon. One thing led to another, and Rapp received a surprise phone call from Bob Howsam, who had returned from his own retirement to try to arrest the declining fortunes of the Reds. Rapp decided that becoming the Reds' skipper was worth unretiring for, and accepted the job on October 5. WHDH sent Rapp the cassette recording of what turned out to be a most momentous broadcast. Bender admitted "Vern wasn't a candidate for the job until the station called."
October 6 - In the second game of the American League Championship Series, Oriole hurler Mike Boddicker throws a five-hitter and beat The Chicago White Sox at Memorial Stadium, 4-0. The Baltimore right hander, whose performance even the series, establish s new LCS record by striking out 14 batters.
October 30 – Boston Red Sox farmhands John Mitchell, Anthony Latham and Scott Skripko, are deep-sea fishing off the coast of Florida when their boat capsizes. Boat owner Mark Zastrowmy and Latham drown. Skripko and Mitchell survive over 20 hours in the water by clinging to debris; Skripko holds onto a cooler for 20 hours and Mitchell a bucket for 22 hours.
November 2 – John Denny who tallied 20 of the 24 writers' first-place votes to win The National League Cy Young Award, easily out-distancing runners-up Mario Soto and Jessie Orosco. The Prescott, Arizona native posted a 19-6 record and a 2.37 ERA for The National League Champion Phillies.
Mets reliever Jessie Orosco received four votes for the National League Most Valuable Player Award, ending a six-year drought in which not one player on the team received a single vote for the award. The last time a writer cast a MVP vote for a New York National Leaguer was on the 1976 ballot when Tom Seaver was given consideration.
Dale Murphy (.302, 36 homers and 121 RBIs) joins Ernie Banks, Joe Morgan and Mike Schmidt as one of the four players to wim the National League MVP in consecutive years. The soft-spoken Atlanta Braves outfielder receives 21 of the 24 votes cast by the writers.
March 12 – Bob Hall, 59, pitcher for the Boston Braves (1949–50) and Pittsburgh Pirates (1953).
March 30 – Joe Cicero, 72, outfielder for the Boston Red Sox and Philadelphia Athletics.
April 9 – Bill Kennedy, 62, pitcher for the Indians, Browns, White Sox, Red Sox and Redlegs from 1948 to 1957.
April 11 – Mike Menosky, 88, outfielder for the Pittsburgh Rebels, Washington Senators and Boston Red Sox between 1914 and 1923.
April 12 – Carl Morton, 39, pitcher with the Montréal Expos and Atlanta Braves, who was named the National League Rookie of the Year in 1970.
April 17 – Dutch Leonard, 74, five-time All-Star pitcher who employed the knuckleball in earning 191 wins over 20 seasons.
April 18 – Woody Rich, 77, pitcher for the Red Sox and Braves Boston teams between 1939 and 1944.
April 25 – Carlos Paula, 55, Cuban outfielder, first black player in Washington Senators history.
July 7 – Vic Wertz, 58, All-Star right fielder and first baseman for five AL teams who had five 100-RBI seasons, but was best remembered for the fly ball caught spectacularly by Willie Mays in the 1954 World Series.
August 16 – Earl Averill, 81, Hall of Fame center fielder for the Cleveland Indians who batted .318 lifetime and had five 100-RBI seasons; his line drive off Dizzy Dean's foot in the 1937 All-Star game led to the end of Dean's career.
The 1983 Asian Baseball Championship was the twelfth continental tournament held by the Baseball Federation of Asia. The tournament was held in Seoul, South Korea for the fourth time, and was won by the hosts for their fourth Asian Championship; all four times when hosting the tournament. This was the first time that South Korea had successfully defended their title, and the first time this was achieved by a team other than Japan.Chinese Taipei and Japan shared second place, the second time that a medal position had been shared in the tournament's history; the previous occurring 20 years earlier at the 1963 tournament, which was also held in Seoul and had the same teams finish for the same medals. Australia (4th) and Philippines (5th) were the other participants.
The twenty-fifth edition of the Caribbean Series (Serie del Caribe) was played in 1983. It was held from February 4 through February 9 with the champion teams from Dominican Republic (Tigres del Licey), Mexico (Tomateros de Culiacán), Puerto Rico (Lobos de Arecibo) and Venezuela (Tiburones de La Guaira). The format consisted of 12 games, each team facing the other teams twice. The games were played at Estadio Universitario in Caracas, Venezuela. Bowie Kuhn, the Commissioner of Major League Baseball, attended the Series, and the first pitch was thrown by Oscar Prieto, Leones del Caracas majority owner and one of the series brainchild.
The 1983 Little League World Series took place between August 23 and August 27 in Williamsport, Pennsylvania. The East Marietta National Little League of Marietta, Georgia, defeated the Liquito Hernandez Little League of Barahona, Dominican Republic, in the championship game of the 37th Little League World Series.
The Championship Game did not feature a team from Taiwan for the first time since 1976. As of 2018, their six consecutive finals appearances are still a record by one country or U.S. state.
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