1983

1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1983rd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 983rd year of the 2nd millennium, the 83rd year of the 20th century, and the 4th year of the 1980s decade.

The year 1983 saw both the official beginning of the Internet[1] and the first mobile cellular telephone call.[2]

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1983 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1983
MCMLXXXIII
Ab urbe condita2736
Armenian calendar1432
ԹՎ ՌՆԼԲ
Assyrian calendar6733
Bahá'í calendar139–140
Balinese saka calendar1904–1905
Bengali calendar1390
Berber calendar2933
British Regnal year31 Eliz. 2 – 32 Eliz. 2
Buddhist calendar2527
Burmese calendar1345
Byzantine calendar7491–7492
Chinese calendar壬戌(Water Dog)
4679 or 4619
    — to —
癸亥年 (Water Pig)
4680 or 4620
Coptic calendar1699–1700
Discordian calendar3149
Ethiopian calendar1975–1976
Hebrew calendar5743–5744
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat2039–2040
 - Shaka Samvat1904–1905
 - Kali Yuga5083–5084
Holocene calendar11983
Igbo calendar983–984
Iranian calendar1361–1362
Islamic calendar1403–1404
Japanese calendarShōwa 58
(昭和58年)
Javanese calendar1915–1916
Juche calendar72
Julian calendarGregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar4316
Minguo calendarROC 72
民國72年
Nanakshahi calendar515
Thai solar calendar2526
Tibetan calendar阳水狗年
(male Water-Dog)
2109 or 1728 or 956
    — to —
阴水猪年
(female Water-Pig)
2110 or 1729 or 957
Unix time410227200 – 441763199

Events

January

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

Ninoy Aquino
August 21: Philippines opposition leader Benigno Aquino, Jr. is assassinated at Manila International Airport.

September

October

November

December

Date unknown

Births

January

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

Date unknown

Deaths

January

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

Felix Bloch and John Vorster died on September 10, 1983

Felix Bloch, Stanford University
John Vorster

October

November

December

Date unknown

Nobel Prizes

Nobel medal

1983 in fiction

References

  1. ^ "A Closer Look At The Controversy Over The Internet's Birthday! You Decide". circleid.com. Retrieved June 23, 2018.
  2. ^ Josh Ong. "Witness the First Commercial Cellular Call Being Made in 1983". The Next Web. Retrieved June 23, 2018.
  3. ^ The New Book of Knowledge
  4. ^ "Finale Of M*A*S*H Draws Record Number Of Viewers". The New York Times. March 3, 1983.
  5. ^ "You Can Now See the First Ever 3D Printer—Invented by Chuck Hull—In the National Inventors Hall of Fame". 3DPrint.com.
  6. ^ Nathan Yau. "Target Store Openings Since the First in 1962 – Data Now Available". FlowingData.
  7. ^ RC Gallo; PS Sarin; EP Gelmann; M Robert-Guroff; E Richardson; VS Kalyanaraman; D Mann; GD Sidhu; RE Stahl; S Zolla-Pazner; J Leibowitch; M Popovic (1983). "Isolation of human T-cell leukemia virus in acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS)". Science. 220 (4599): 865–867. Bibcode:1983Sci...220..865G. doi:10.1126/science.6601823. PMID 6601823.
  8. ^ Barre-Sinoussi, F.; Chermann, J.; Rey, F.; Nugeyre, M.; Chamaret, S.; Gruest, J.; Dauguet, C.; Axler-Blin, C.; Vézinet-Brun, F.; Rouzioux, C.; Rozenbaum, W.; Montagnier, L. (1983). "Isolation of a T-lymphotropic retrovirus from a patient at risk for acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS)". Science. 220 (4599): 868–871. Bibcode:1983Sci...220..868B. doi:10.1126/science.6189183. PMID 6189183.
  9. ^ "Fireworks suspect charged with deaths". news.google.com. The Spokesman-Review. May 30, 1983. Retrieved April 19, 2013.
  10. ^ "BBC ON THIS DAY – 9 – 1983: Thatcher wins landslide victory".
  11. ^ Allen, Roy A. (2001). "Chapter 12: Microsoft in the 1980s" (PDF). A History of the Personal Computer: the People and the Technology. Allan Publishing. pp. 12/25–12/26. ISBN 978-0-9689108-0-1. Retrieved 2010-11-07.
  12. ^ "Microsoft Office online, Getting to know you...again: The Ribbon". Archived from the original on 2011-05-11. Retrieved 2011-06-08.
  13. ^ "The history of branding, Microsoft history". Archived from the original on 2009-05-28. Retrieved 2011-06-08.
  14. ^ Pollack, Andrew (1983-08-25). "Computerizing Magazines". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 2011-05-12. Retrieved 2011-06-08.
  15. ^ "MP convicted of perverting the course of justice - The Crown Prosecution Service". www.cps.gov.uk.
  16. ^ "Stranger Things". Netflix Media Center. Retrieved 2017-07-18.
Albert, Prince Consort

Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (Francis Albert Augustus Charles Emmanuel; 26 August 1819 – 14 December 1861) was the husband of Queen Victoria.

He was born in the Saxon duchy of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, to a family connected to many of Europe's ruling monarchs. At the age of 20, he married his first cousin, Queen Victoria; they had nine children. Initially he felt constrained by his role of prince consort, which did not afford him power or responsibilities. He gradually developed a reputation for supporting public causes, such as educational reform and the abolition of slavery worldwide, and was entrusted with running the Queen's household, office and estates. He was heavily involved with the organisation of the Great Exhibition of 1851, which was a resounding success.

Victoria came to depend more and more on his support and guidance. He aided the development of Britain's constitutional monarchy by persuading his wife to be less partisan in her dealings with Parliament—although he actively disagreed with the interventionist foreign policy pursued during Lord Palmerston's tenure as Foreign Secretary.

Albert died at the relatively young age of 42. Victoria was so devastated at the loss of her husband that she entered into a deep state of mourning and wore black for the rest of her life. On her death in 1901, their eldest son succeeded as Edward VII, the first British monarch of the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, named after the ducal house to which Albert belonged.

The Who

The Who are an English rock band formed in London in 1964. Their classic line-up consisted of lead singer Roger Daltrey, guitarist and singer Pete Townshend, bass guitarist John Entwistle and drummer Keith Moon. They are considered one of the most influential rock bands of the 20th century, selling over 100 million records worldwide.

The Who developed from an earlier group, the Detours, and established themselves as part of the pop art and mod movements, featuring auto-destructive art by destroying guitars and drums on stage. Their first single as the Who, "I Can't Explain", reached the UK top ten, followed by a string of singles including "My Generation", "Substitute" and "Happy Jack". In 1967, they performed at the Monterey Pop Festival and released the US top ten single "I Can See for Miles", while touring extensively. The group's fourth album, 1969's rock opera Tommy, included the single "Pinball Wizard" and was a critical and commercial success. Live appearances at Woodstock and the Isle of Wight Festival, along with the live album Live at Leeds, cemented their reputation as a respected rock act. With their success came increased pressure on lead songwriter Townshend, and the follow-up to Tommy, Lifehouse, was abandoned. Songs from the project made up 1971's Who's Next, which included the hit "Won't Get Fooled Again". The group released the album Quadrophenia in 1973 as a celebration of their mod roots, and oversaw the film adaptation of Tommy in 1975. They continued to tour to large audiences before semi-retiring from live performances at the end of 1976. The release of Who Are You in 1978 was overshadowed by the death of Moon shortly after.

Kenney Jones replaced Moon and the group resumed activity, releasing a film adaptation of Quadrophenia and the retrospective documentary The Kids Are Alright. After Townshend became weary of touring, the group split in 1983. The Who occasionally re-formed for live appearances such as Live Aid in 1985, a 25th anniversary tour in 1989 and a tour of Quadrophenia in 1996–1997. They resumed regular touring in 1999, with drummer Zak Starkey. After Entwistle's death in 2002, plans for a new album were delayed. Townshend and Daltrey continued as the Who, releasing Endless Wire in 2006, and continued to play live regularly.

The Who's major contributions to rock music include the development of the Marshall stack, large PA systems, use of the synthesizer, Entwistle and Moon's lead playing styles, Townshend's feedback and power chord guitar technique, and the development of the rock opera. They are cited as an influence by hard rock, punk rock and mod bands, and their songs still receive regular exposure.

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