The 1976 United States presidential election was the 48th quadrennial presidential election. It was held on Tuesday, November 2, 1976. Democrat Jimmy Carter of Georgia defeated incumbent Republican President Gerald Ford from Michigan. Carter's win represented the lone Democratic victory in a presidential election held between 1968 and 1988.
President Richard Nixon had won the 1972 election with Spiro Agnew as his running mate, but in 1973 Agnew resigned and Ford was appointed as vice president via the 25th Amendment. When Nixon resigned in 1974 in the wake of the Watergate scandal, Ford ascended to the presidency, becoming the only president to have never been elected to national office. He faced a strong challenge from conservative former governor Ronald Reagan of California in the Republican primaries, but Ford narrowly prevailed at the convention. Carter was little-known at the start of the Democratic primaries, but the former governor of Georgia emerged as the front-runner after his victories in the first set of primaries. Campaigning as a political moderate and Washington outsider, Carter defeated opponents such as Jerry Brown and Mo Udall to clinch the Democratic nomination.
Ford pursued a "Rose Garden strategy" in which he sought to portray himself as an experienced leader focused on fulfilling his role as chief executive. Carter emphasized his status as a reformer who was "untainted" by Washington. Saddled with a poor economy, the fall of South Vietnam and his unpopular pardon of Nixon, Ford trailed by a wide margin in polls taken after Carter's formal nomination in July 1976. Ford's polling rebounded after a strong performance in the first presidential debate, and the race was close on election day.
Carter won a majority of the popular and electoral vote. He carried most states in the South and the Northeast while Ford dominated the Western states. Carter remains the only Democratic candidate since 1964 to win a majority of the Southern states. Ford won 27 states, the most states ever carried by a losing candidate. Both of the major party vice presidential nominees, Walter Mondale in 1984 and Bob Dole in 1996, would later win their respective party's presidential nominations, but lose in the general election.
|1976 United States presidential election|
All 538 electoral votes of the Electoral College
270 electoral votes needed to win
|Turnout||53.5% 1.7 pp|
|Democratic Party Ticket, 1976|
|Jimmy Carter||Walter Mondale|
|for President||for Vice President|
Governor of Georgia
The surprise winner of the 1976 Democratic presidential nomination was Jimmy Carter, a former state senator and governor of Georgia. When the primaries began, Carter was little-known at the national level, and many political pundits regarded a number of better-known candidates, such as Senator Henry M. Jackson from Washington, Representative Morris Udall from Arizona, Governor George Wallace of Alabama, and California Governor Jerry Brown, as the favorites for the nomination. However, in the wake of the Watergate scandal, Carter realized that his status as a Washington outsider, political centrist, and moderate reformer could give him an advantage over his better-known establishment rivals. Carter also took advantage of the record number of state primaries and caucuses in 1976 to eliminate his better-known rivals one-by-one.
Senator Jackson made a fateful decision not to compete in the early Iowa caucus and New Hampshire primary, which Jimmy Carter won after liberals split their votes among four other candidates. Though Jackson went on to win the Massachusetts and New York primaries, he was forced to quit the race on May 1 after losing the critical Pennsylvania primary to Carter by twelve percentage points. Carter then defeated Governor Wallace, his main conservative challenger, by a wide margin in the North Carolina primary, thus forcing Wallace to end his campaign. Representative Udall, a liberal, then became Carter's main challenger. He finished second to Carter in the New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Wisconsin, New York, Michigan, South Dakota, and Ohio primaries, and won the caucuses in his home state of Arizona, while running even with Carter in the New Mexico caucuses. However, the fact that Udall finished second to Carter in most of these races meant that Carter steadily accumulated more delegates for the nomination than he did.
As Carter closed in on the nomination, an "ABC" (Anybody But Carter) movement started among Northern and Western liberal Democrats who worried that Carter's Southern upbringing would make him too conservative for the Democratic Party. The leaders of the "ABC" movement – Idaho Senator Frank Church and California Governor Jerry Brown – both announced their candidacies for the Democratic nomination and defeated Carter in several late primaries. However, their campaigns started too late to prevent Carter from gathering the remaining delegates he needed to capture the nomination.
By June 1976, Carter had captured more than enough delegates to win the Democratic nomination. At the 1976 Democratic National Convention, Carter easily won the nomination on the first ballot; Udall finished in second place. Carter then chose Minnesota Senator Walter Mondale, a liberal and political protégé of Hubert Humphrey, as his running mate.
|Republican Party Ticket, 1976|
|Gerald Ford||Bob Dole|
|for President||for Vice President|
President of the United States
The contest for the Republican Party's presidential nomination in 1976 was between two serious candidates: incumbent president Gerald Ford from Michigan, a member of the party's moderate wing, and former governor of California, Ronald Reagan, a member of the party's conservative wing. The presidential primary campaign between the two men was hard-fought and relatively even; by the start of the Republican Convention in August 1976, the race for the nomination was still too close to call. Ford defeated Reagan by a narrow margin on the first ballot at the 1976 Republican National Convention in Kansas City, and chose Senator Bob Dole from Kansas as his running mate in place of incumbent Vice President Nelson Rockefeller, who had announced the previous year that he was not interested in being considered for the Vice Presidential nomination. The 1976 Republican Convention was the last political convention to open with the presidential nomination still being undecided until the actual balloting at the convention.
One of the advantages Ford held over Carter as the general election campaign began was that as president he was privileged to preside over events dealing with the United States Bicentennial; this often resulted in favorable publicity for Ford. The Washington, D.C., fireworks display on the Fourth of July was presided over by the president and televised nationally. On July 7, 1976, the President and First Lady served as hosts at a White House state dinner for Elizabeth II and Prince Philip of the United Kingdom, which was televised on the Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) network. These events were part of Ford's "Rose Garden" strategy to win the election, meaning that instead of appearing as a typical politician, Ford presented himself as a "tested leader" who was busily fulfilling the role of national leader and chief executive. Not until October did Ford leave the White House to campaign actively across the nation.
Jimmy Carter ran as a reformer who was "untainted" by Washington political scandals, which many voters found attractive in the wake of the Watergate scandal that had led to President Richard Nixon's resignation. Ford, although personally unconnected with Watergate, was seen by many as too close to the discredited Nixon administration, especially after he granted Nixon a presidential pardon for any crimes he might have committed during his term of office. Ford's pardon of Nixon caused his popularity, as measured by public-opinion polls, to plummet. Ford's refusal to explain his reasons for pardoning Nixon publicly (he would do so in his memoirs several years later), also hurt his image.
Ford unsuccessfully asked Congress to end the 1950s-era price controls on natural gas, which caused a dwindling of American natural gas reserves after the 1973 Oil Crisis. Carter stated during his campaign that he opposed the ending of the price controls and thought such a move would be "disastrous".
After the Democratic National Convention, Carter held a 33-point lead over Ford in the polls. However, as the campaign continued, the race greatly tightened. During the campaign Playboy magazine published a controversial interview with Carter; in the interview, Carter admitted to having "lusted in my heart" for women other than his wife, which cut into his support among women and evangelical Christians. On September 23, Ford performed well in what was the first televised presidential debate since 1960. Polls taken after the debate showed that most viewers felt that Ford was the winner. Carter was also hurt by Ford's charges that he lacked the necessary experience to be an effective national leader, and that Carter was vague on many issues.
However, Ford also committed a costly blunder in the campaign that halted his momentum. During the second presidential debate on October 6, Ford stumbled when he asserted that "there is no Soviet domination of Eastern Europe and there never will be under a Ford administration". He added that he did not "believe that the Poles consider themselves dominated by the Soviet Union" and made the same claim with regard to Yugoslavia and Romania (Yugoslavia was not a Warsaw Pact member). Ford refused to retract his statement for almost a week after the debate; as a result his surge in the polls stalled and Carter was able to maintain a slight lead in the polls.
A vice-presidential debate, the first ever formal one of its kind, between Bob Dole and Walter Mondale also hurt the Republican ticket when Dole asserted that military unpreparedness on the part of Democratic presidents was responsible for all of the wars the U.S. had fought in the 20th century. Dole, a World War II veteran, noted that in every 20th-century war from World War I to the Vietnam War, a Democrat had been president. Dole then pointed out that the number of U.S. casualties in "Democrat wars" was roughly equal to the population of Detroit. Many voters felt that Dole's criticism was unfairly harsh and that his dispassionate delivery made him seem cold. Years later, Dole would remark that he regretted the comment, having viewed it as hurting the Republican ticket. One factor which did help Ford in the closing days of the campaign was a series of popular television appearances he did with Joe Garagiola Sr., a retired baseball star for the St. Louis Cardinals and a well-known announcer for NBC Sports. Garagiola and Ford appeared in a number of shows in several large cities. During the show Garagiola would ask Ford questions about his life and beliefs; the shows were so informal, relaxed, and laid-back that some television critics labelled them the "Joe and Jerry Show". Ford and Garagiola obviously enjoyed one another's company, and they remained friends after the election was over.
There were three presidential debates and one vice presidential debate during the 1976 general election.
|P1||Thursday, September 23, 1976||Walnut Street Theatre||Philadelphia, Pennsylvania||Edwin Newman||Elizabeth Drew
|P2||Wednesday, October 6, 1976||Palace of Fine Arts||San Francisco, California||Pauline Frederick||Max Frankel
|VP||Friday, October 15, 1976||Alley Theatre||Houston, Texas||James Hoge||Marilyn Berger
|P3||Friday, October 22, 1976||Phi Beta Kappa Memorial Hall||Williamsburg, Virginia||Barbara Walters||Joseph Kraft
Despite his campaign's blunders, Ford managed to close the remaining gap in the polls and by election day, the race was judged to be even. It took most of that night and the following morning to determine the winner. It was not until 3:30 am (EST), that the NBC television network was able to declare that Carter had carried Mississippi and had thus accumulated more than the 270 electoral votes needed to win (seconds later, ABC News also declared Carter the winner based on projections for Carter in Wisconsin and Hawaii while CBS News announced Carter's victory at 3:45 am). Carter defeated Ford by two percentage points in the national popular vote.
The electoral vote was the closest since 1916; Carter carried 23 states with 297 electoral votes, while Ford won 27 states with 240 electoral votes (one elector from Washington state, pledged to Ford, voted for Reagan). Carter's victory came primarily from his near-sweep of the South (he lost only Virginia and Oklahoma) and his narrow victories in large Northern states, such as New York, Ohio, and Pennsylvania. Ford did well in the West, carrying every state in that region except for Hawaii. The most tightly contested state in the election was Oregon; Ford won that state by under 2,000 votes.
A switch of 3,687 votes in Hawaii and 5,559 votes in Ohio from Carter to Ford would have resulted in Ford winning the election with 270 electoral votes. By percentage of the vote, the states that secured Carter's victory were Wisconsin (1.68% margin) and Ohio (.27% margin). Had Ford won these states and all other states he carried, he would have won the presidency. The 27 states he won were and still are the most states ever carried by a losing candidate for president. Had Ford won the election, the provisions of the 22nd amendment would have disqualified him from running in 1980 as he served more than two years of Nixon's second term.
Carter was the first Democrat since John F. Kennedy in 1960 to carry the states of the Deep South—Bill Clinton is the only Democrat since 1976 to carry more than one state from the Deep South, doing so in both 1992 and 1996—and the first since Lyndon B. Johnson in 1964 to carry a majority of all southern states. Carter performed very strongly in his home state of Georgia, carrying 66.7% of the vote and every county in the state. His winning of 23 states was only the first time since the 1960 election and the second time in history that the winner of the election won less than half the states. His 50.1% of the vote was the only time since 1964 that a Democrat managed to obtain an absolute majority of the popular vote in a presidential election until Barack Obama won 52.9% of the vote in 2008. Carter is one of five Democrats since the American Civil War to obtain an absolute majority of the popular vote, the others being Samuel J. Tilden, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Lyndon B. Johnson and Barack Obama.[a]
This election represents the last time to date that Texas, Mississippi, Alabama, or South Carolina would vote Democratic, and the last time North Carolina would vote Democratic until 2008, as well as the last time Florida voted Democratic until 1996, the last time Arkansas, Delaware, Kentucky, Louisiana, Missouri, Ohio, Pennsylvania and Tennessee voted Democratic until 1992. It is also the last time in which Shasta, Yuba, Placer, El Dorado and Madera Counties in California, Brazoria, Williamson and McLennan Counties in Texas, Madison County in Alabama, Duval and Brevard Counties in Florida, Warren County, Kentucky and St. Mary's County, Maryland would vote Democratic. Cobb and Gwinnett Counties in Georgia would never again vote Democratic until 2016. This election was the last time that a Democrat won the presidency without winning California, Connecticut, Illinois, Iowa, Maine, Michigan, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, Oregon, Vermont and Washington.
It was the first time in exactly 100 years (since 1876) when Florida and Virginia supported different candidates. This would happen again in 1996 and 2016. It was also the first time since Oklahoma statehood in 1907 when the Sooner State and Tennessee supported different candidates, an occurrence replicated only in 1992 and 1996.
|Presidential candidate||Party||Home state||Popular vote||Electoral
|Count||Percentage||Vice-presidential candidate||Home state||Electoral vote|
|James Earl Carter Jr.||Democratic||Georgia||40,831,881||50.08%||297||Walter Frederick Mondale||Minnesota||297|
|Gerald Rudolph Ford Jr. (Incumbent)||Republican||Michigan||39,148,634||48.02%||240||Robert Joseph Dole||Kansas||241|
|Ronald Wilson Reagan||Republican||California||—[b]||—[b]||1|
|Roger MacBride||Libertarian||Virginia||172,557||0.21%||0||David Bergland||California||0|
|Lester Maddox||American Independent||Georgia||170,274||0.21%||0||William Dyke||Wisconsin||0|
|Thomas J. Anderson||American||[d]||158,271||0.19%||0||Rufus Shackelford||Florida||0|
|Peter Camejo||Socialist Workers||California||90,986||0.11%||0||Willie Mae Reid||Illinois||0|
|Gus Hall||Communist||New York||58,709||0.07%||0||Jarvis Tyner||New York||0|
|Margaret Wright||People's||California||49,013||0.06%||0||Benjamin Spock||Connecticut||0|
|Lyndon LaRouche||U.S. Labor||New York||40,043||0.05%||0||R. Wayne Evans||Michigan||0|
|Needed to win||270||270|
Source (Popular Vote): Leip, David. "1976 Presidential Election Results". Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections. Retrieved August 7, 2005.
This election represents the second time that the winning candidate has received a majority of the electoral votes although the second-place candidate carried a majority of the states. It had previously happened in the 1960 election.
|States/districts won by Carter/Mondale|
|States/districts won by Ford/Dole|
States where margin of victory was under 1% (35 electoral votes):
States where margin of victory was under 5% (264 electoral votes):
States where margin of victory was more than 5%, but less than 10% (105 electoral votes):
|Social groups and the presidential vote, 1976|
|Less than US$10,000||13||58||40|
|Professional or manager||39||41||57|
|Clerical, sales, white-collar||11||46||53|
|Less than high school||11||58||41|
|High school graduate||28||54||46|
|Labor union household||28||59||39|
|No member of household in union||62||43||55|
|18–21 years old||6||48||50|
|22–29 years old||17||51||46|
|30–44 years old||31||49||49|
|45–59 years old||23||47||52|
|60 years or older||18||47||52|
|City over 250,000||18||60||40|
Source: CBS News/ New York Times interviews with 12,782 voters as they left the polls, as reported in the New York Times, November 9, 1980, p. 28, and in further analysis. The 1976 data are from CBS News interviews.
It was also the first election that New Mexico did not back the winning candidate and the last time until 2000 (and 2016) and the only election that New Mexico did not back the winner of national popular vote since it had achieved statehood in 1912. In 2000 and 2016, the national popular vote winner eventually lost the electoral vote and thus the presidency.
The 1976 United States presidential election in Arizona was part of the 1976 United States presidential election, which took place on November 2, 1976, throughout all fifty states and D.C.. Voters chose six representatives, or electors to the Electoral College, who voted for president and vice president.
Arizona voted strongly for the Republican nominee, incumbent President Gerald Ford, over the Democratic nominee, Georgia Governor Jimmy Carter. The state turned out to be the sixth most Republican in the nation behind Utah, Idaho, Alaska, Nebraska and Wyoming, as it was already perceived that Carter – highly popular in his native South – lacked any understanding of the environment, economy, culture and political issues of the West.Carter did improve upon the performance of the preceding Democratic nominee, South Dakota Senator George McGovern, swinging away from the GOP by fifteen percentage points. Gila and Pinal Counties were won back for the Democrats from the previous election, and Carter became the first Democrat to win Apache County since 1964 and the first to carry neighbouring Navajo County since 1948.1976 United States presidential election in California
The 1976 United States presidential election in California refers to how California participated in the 1976 United States presidential election. California narrowly voted for the Republican incumbent, Gerald Ford, over the Democratic challenger, Jimmy Carter.
Ford won the state with a plurality of 49.35% of the vote to Carter's 47.57%, a victory margin of 1.78%.
Carter is the last Democrat to carry the counties of Amador, El Dorado, Lassen, Madera, Placer, Shasta, Sierra and Yuba, and the last to win a majority of the vote in Del Norte, Plumas and Tehama. Carter is also the last candidate from either party to carry Los Angeles by only a plurality, while Ford is the last Republican to win a majority of the vote in Marin (Ronald Reagan later won that county by plurality in 1980). This also remains the last election in which a Republican presidential candidate won at least 40 percent of the vote in San Francisco, and the last time that county was not the most Democratic in the state. This is also the last time when California would vote Republican in a close presidential election, and back the losing Republican candidate too.1976 United States presidential election in Colorado
The 1976 United States presidential election in Colorado took place on November 2, 1976, as part of the 1976 United States presidential election. Voters chose seven representatives, or electors, to the Electoral College, who voted for president and vice president.
Colorado was won by incumbent President Gerald Ford (R–Michigan). with 54.1% of the popular vote, against Jimmy Carter (D–Georgia), with 41.6% of the popular vote. None of the third-party candidates amounted to a significant portion of the vote, but Eugene McCarthy (I–Minnesota) won 2.4% of the popular vote and came third overall in the nation. Despite losing in Colorado, Carter went on to win the national election and became the 39th president of the United States. Colorado had previously voted Republican fifteen times, Democrat nine times, and Populist once (for James B. Weaver in 1892). As of the 2016 presidential election, this is the last election in which Dolores County, Prowers County, Phillips County, and Cheyenne County voted for the Democratic candidate.1976 United States presidential election in Delaware
The 1976 United States presidential election in Delaware took place on November 2, 1976, as part of the 1976 United States presidential election. Voters chose three representatives, or electors, to the Electoral College, who voted for president and vice president.
Delaware was won by Jimmy Carter (D–Georgia), with 51.98% of the popular vote. Carter defeated incumbent President Gerald Ford (R–Michigan), who finished with 46.57% of the popular vote. No third-party candidate amounted 1% of the vote, but Eugene McCarthy (Independent–Minnesota) finished third in Delaware with 1.03% of the statewide popular vote.
Jimmy Carter went on to become the 39th president of the United States.1976 United States presidential election in Illinois
The 1976 United States presidential election in Illinois was held on November 2, 1976. Gerald Ford won Illinois with 50.10% percent of the vote, but lost the general election to Jimmy Carter of Georgia. This is the last election where a Democrat won the White House without carrying Illinois.1976 United States presidential election in Minnesota
The 1976 United States presidential election in Minnesota took place on November 2, 1976, in Minnesota as part of the 1976 United States presidential election.
The Democratic Party candidate, former Georgia Governor Jimmy Carter, won the state over incumbent President Gerald Ford by a landslide margin of 251,045 votes, or approximately 12.88%. Carter went on to win the election nationally, as the country's confidence in the Republican Party had been deeply shaken following the Watergate scandal and the subsequent resignation of Richard Nixon.
Prior to the election, Minnesota was considered as leaning-Carter. The Republican Party of Minnesota had been terribly weakened by the Watergate scandal. That weakened position was further eroded when Jimmy Carter chose Minnesota senator Walter Mondale as his vice-presidential running mate, securing the state for Carter. Mondale later went on to become the Democratic Party nominee for President in 1984, in which he only won one state, Minnesota. The effect of Watergate on the political landscape in Minnesota can be clearly seen in the results of this election, as well as the landslide DFL victory in the 1974 gubernatorial election. Previously a state which, having cast its electoral votes for the Republican nominee in 20 of the 29 presidential elections from 1860 to 1972, favored Republicans.
As of the 2016 presidential election, Minnesota has not cast a single electoral vote in favor of a Republican since 1972, and no other state has come close to this Democratic-voting streak. As of the 2016 presidential election, this is the last election in which Roseau County, Wilkin County, Douglas County, Wadena County, and Pipestone County voted for the Democratic candidate.1976 United States presidential election in Missouri
The 1976 United States presidential election in Missouri took place on November 2, 1976, as part of the 1976 United States presidential election. Voters chose twelve representatives, or electors, to the Electoral College, who voted for president and vice president.
Missouri was won by Jimmy Carter (D–Georgia), with 51.10% of the popular vote. Carter defeated incumbent President Gerald Ford (R–Michigan), who finished with 47.47% of the popular vote.
Jimmy Carter went on to become the 39th president of the United States. As of the 2016 presidential election, this is the last election in which Laclede County, McDonald County, Bollinger County, Webster County, Pettis County, and Cass County voted for the Democratic candidate.1976 United States presidential election in Nebraska
The 1976 United States presidential election in Nebraska took place on November 2, 1976, as part of the 1976 United States presidential election. Voters chose five representatives, or electors, to the Electoral College, who voted for president and vice president.
Nebraska was won by incumbent President Gerald Ford (R–Michigan), with 59.19% of the popular vote, against Jimmy Carter (D–Georgia), with 38.46% of the popular vote. None of the third-party candidates amounted to a significant portion of the vote, but Eugene McCarthy (I–Minnesota) won 1.55% of Nebraska's popular vote and came third overall in the nation. Despite losing in Nebraska, Carter went on to win the national election and became the 39th president of the United States. As of the 2016 presidential election, this is the last election in which Butler County, Sherman County, and Greeley County voted for the Democratic candidate.
With 59.19% of the popular vote, Nebraska would prove to be Ford's fourth strongest state in the 1976 election after Utah, Idaho and Wyoming.1976 United States presidential election in New Hampshire
The 1976 United States presidential election in New Hampshire took place on November 2, 1976, as part of the 1976 United States presidential election, which was held throughout all 50 states and D.C. Voters chose 4 representatives, or electors to the Electoral College, who voted for president and vice president.
New Hampshire was won by the Republican nominees, incumbent President Gerald Ford of Michigan and his running mate Senator Bob Dole of Kansas. Ford and Dole defeated the Democratic nominees, Governor Jimmy Carter of Georgia and his running mate Senator Walter Mondale of Minnesota.
Ford took 54.75% of the vote to Carter's 43.47%, a margin of 11.28%.
Anti-war former Democratic Senator Eugene McCarthy of Minnesota, running as an Independent presidential candidate, came in a distant third, with 1.21%.
New Hampshire in this era normally leaned Republican, having not gone Democratic since the nationwide Democratic landslide of 1964.
The Northern moderate Republican Ford easily triumphed in New Hampshire over the Southern Democrat Jimmy Carter.
On the county map, Ford won 9 of New Hampshire's 10 counties, with only rural Coos County in the far north of the state giving a 51-49 majority to Carter. In a sign of the state's Republican trend that would occur in the 1970s and 1980s, even while narrowly losing the national race, Ford won 2 of the state's traditional New Deal Democratic counties, with a majority win in Hillsborough County and a plurality win Strafford County. Since 1932, both of these counties, along with Coos County, had gone Democratic in every close presidential election or Democratic victory, voting every time for Franklin D. Roosevelt, Harry S. Truman, John F. Kennedy, Lyndon B. Johnson, and Hubert H. Humphrey.
Ford's decisive victory in New Hampshire, while narrowly losing the national race, would make the state over 13% more Republican than the national average in the 1976 election. This is also the most recent presidential election when New Hampshire would back the losing Republican candidate, and the last presidential election until 2016 when the winner of Coos County did not also carry the state as well.1976 United States presidential election in North Dakota
The 1976 United States presidential election in North Dakota took place on November 2, 1976, as part of the 1976 United States presidential election. North Dakota voters chose three representatives, or electors, to the Electoral College, who voted for president and vice president.
North Dakota was won by the Republican candidate and incumbent President, Gerald Ford, with 51.66% of the popular vote, against the Democratic candidate, Jimmy Carter, with 45.80% of the popular vote. American Party candidate Thomas Anderson finished highest among third parties; finishing with 1.24% of North Dakota's popular vote.
Despite losing in North Dakota, Carter went on to win the national election and became the 39th president of the United States. As of the 2016 presidential election, this is the last election in which Morton County, Walsh County, McLean County, Pierce County, Cavalier County, Emmons County, Dunn County, Foster County, Renville County, Griggs County, and Adams County voted for the Democratic candidate.1976 United States presidential election in Rhode Island
The 1976 United States presidential election in Rhode Island took place on November 2, 1976, as part of the 1976 United States presidential election. Voters chose four representatives, or electors, to the Electoral College, who voted for president and vice president.
Rhode Island was won by Jimmy Carter (D–Georgia), with 55.36% of the popular vote. Carter defeated incumbent President Gerald Ford (R–Michigan), who finished with 44.08% of the popular vote. No third-party candidate received any votes.
Jimmy Carter went on to become the 39th president of the United States.1976 United States presidential election in South Carolina
The 1976 United States presidential election in South Carolina took place on November 2, 1976. All fifty states and the District of Columbia were part of the 1976 United States presidential election. South Carolina voters chose eight electors to the Electoral College, who voted for president and vice president.
South Carolina voted for the Democratic nominee, former Georgia Governor Jimmy Carter, and his running mate Walter Mondale over the Republican nominee, President Gerald Ford and his running mate Senator Bob Dole. Carter won South Carolina by a margin of 13.04 percent above Ford.Ford managed to carry just three of South Carolina’s counties, while Nixon managed to carry all forty-six counties four years earlier. As of the 2016 presidential election, this is the last time that the Democratic nominee carried South Carolina, the last time a Democrat won Horry County, Spartanburg County, Berkeley County, Beaufort County, Dorchester County, Florence County, Pickens County, Kershaw County, and Newberry County, and the last time a Democrat swept every congressional district in the state.1976 United States presidential election in South Dakota
The 1976 United States presidential election in South Dakota was held on November 2, 1976. Incumbent President Gerald Ford won the state of South Dakota, defeating Democratic candidate Jimmy Carter by a slim margin of 1.48 percentage points. Ford won all of South Dakota's four electoral votes, but lost the general election to Carter.
South Dakota weighed in as 4% more Republican than the national average. As of the 2016 presidential election, this is the last election in which Codington County, Edmunds County, Faulk County, Gregory County, and McCook County voted for the Democratic candidate. This is also the last time a Democrat won any of South Dakota's congressional districts, namely the 1st, as both it and the 2nd would be eliminated after the 1980 census.1976 United States presidential election in Tennessee
The 1976 United States presidential election in Tennessee was held on November 2, 1976. The Democratic Party candidate, former Georgia governor Jimmy Carter won the state of Tennessee with 56% of the vote against Republican Party candidate, President Gerald Ford, carrying the state’s ten electoral votes.
Carter, a native Southerner from neighboring Georgia, carried Tennessee with a 13% margin of victory against incumbent Ford. The Watergate scandal had severely damaged Ford's predecessor, Richard Nixon, who had resigned in 1974 as a result, and the Republican Party as a whole. The relatively unknown Carter campaigned as a Washington outsider free of the corruption of Watergate, and thus appealed to many voters in the country, including Tennessee.
As was normal during this era, Carter carried Western Tennessee and Middle Tennessee, the most Democratic regions in the state, by landslide margins, which included the major cities of Memphis and Nashville, the state capital. Carter even made inroads in traditionally Republican East Tennessee, though Ford kept the region in his column with his wins in the major cities of Chattanooga and Knoxville. Carter even outperformed by 0.44% Lyndon B. Johnson’s 1964 result during that President’s national landslide.
This was the first occasion since Oklahoma became a state in 1907 that Tennessee and Oklahoma produced a different popular vote winner, an occurrence replicated only in 1992 and 1996. As of the 2016 presidential election, this is the last presidential election in which the Democratic candidate won Tennessee with a majority of the popular vote. Bill Clinton would carry the state in both his 1992 and 1996 presidential campaigns, though with pluralities, even with Tennessee native Al Gore on the tickets. This is also the last election in which Williamson County, Sullivan County, Madison County, Hamblen County, Cumberland County, McMinn County, Loudon County, Monroe County, Rhea County, and Chester County voted for a Democratic Presidential candidate.1976 United States presidential election in Utah
The 1976 United States presidential election in Utah took place on November 2, 1976. All 50 states and the District of Columbia, were part of the 1976 United States presidential election. Utah voters chose 4 electors to the Electoral College, which selected the president and vice president of the United States.
Utah was won by incumbent Republican President Gerald Ford over the Democratic nominee, Jimmy Carter. Carter won the election nationally, and despite the election solidifying the state's place within the core of the Republican heartland (which it retains to this day) 1976 stands as the last occasion a Democrat has carried Emery County, where Carter obtained a fifty-four vote plurality. After Nixon’s clean sweep of all twenty-nine counties in 1972, Carter would also win Carbon County with 59.4 percent of the vote, but Ford won absolute majorities in all twenty-seven remaining counties, with his total vote ranging from 50.3 percent in Tooele County to 72.5 percent in Kane County. Reagan was to repeat Nixon’s 1972 clean sweep in both his elections, and no county in Utah except Carbon and Tooele would ever vote against a Republican until 2008.
With 62.44% of the popular vote, Utah would prove to be Ford's strongest victory in the 1976 election.1976 United States presidential election in Washington (state)
The 1976 United States presidential election in Washington was held on November 2, 1976. Incumbent President Gerald Ford won the state of Washington with exactly 50 percent of the vote, but received only eight of the state’s nine electoral votes. Former California Governor Ronald Reagan lost the Republican nomination to Gerald Ford in 1976 and was not on the ballot in any state. However, he was given one electoral vote by Washington faithless elector Mike Padden. This also the most recent presidential election where Washington would vote Republican in a close nationwide contest, while backing the Republican who did not win the overall election too.1976 United States presidential election in West Virginia
The 1976 United States presidential election in West Virginia was held on November 2, 1976. The two major party candidates, Republican Gerald Ford and Democrat Jimmy Carter were the only candidates to appear on the state's ballot. Carter won the state of West Virginia with 58% of the vote, carrying the state's 6 electoral votes. He had a 16.14 point margin over the incumbent President Ford. As of the 2016 presidential election, this is the last election in which Putnam County, Mineral County, and Hampshire County voted for the Democratic candidate.1976 United States presidential election in Wisconsin
The 1976 United States presidential election in Wisconsin took place on November 2, 1976. Jimmy Carter won the state of Wisconsin with 49.50% percent of the vote giving him 11 electoral votes.1976 United States presidential election in Wyoming
The 1976 United States presidential election in Wyoming took place on November 2, 1976, as part of the 1976 United States presidential election. Voters chose three representatives, or electors, to the Electoral College, who voted for president and vice president.
Wyoming was won by incumbent President Gerald Ford (R–Michigan), with 59.30 percent of the popular vote, against Jimmy Carter (D–Georgia), with 39.81 percent of the popular vote, the best performance for a Democrat since 1964.
Despite losing in Wyoming, Carter went on to win the national election and became the 39th president of the United States.With 59.3% of the popular vote, Wyoming would prove to be Ford's third strongest state in the 1976 election after Utah and Idaho.
State results of the 1976 U.S. presidential election
|Elections by year|
|Elections by state|
|Primaries and caucuses|
and Popular vote