1974 Pulitzer Prize

The following are the Pulitzer Prizes for 1974.

Journalism awards

Letters, Drama and Music Awards

Special Citations and Awards

  • Music:
    • Roger Sessions, a special citation to Roger Sessions for his life's work as a distinguished American composer.

External links

Art Petacque

Art Petacque (July 20, 1924 – June 6, 2001) was a Chicago newspaper reporter for the Chicago Sun-Times who won the Pulitzer Prize in 1974. Petacque, who specialized in writing about crime and in particular about the Chicago Outfit shared the 1974 Pulitzer Prize for Local General or Spot News Reporting with his Chicago Sun-Times colleague, Hugh Hough. During the later part of his career, Petacque also worked concurrently as a commentator for WLS-TV in Chicago.

Billy Bray

William Trewartha Bray (1 June 1794 – 25 May 1868), known as Billy Bray, was an unconventional Cornish preacher.

Burst of Joy

Burst of Joy is a Pulitzer Prize-winning photograph by Associated Press photographer Slava "Sal" Veder, taken on March 17, 1973 at Travis Air Force Base in California. The photograph came to symbolize the end of United States involvement in the Vietnam War, and the prevailing sentiment that military personnel and their families could begin a process of healing after enduring the horrors of war.

Delaware County Daily Times

The Delaware County Daily Times is a daily newspaper published in the Primos section of Upper Darby Township, Pennsylvania in the United States. It is the only major newspaper in the state to be branded with a county name rather than a city. It is known for its colorful "Sound Off" feature and allowing voices from the community on either side of the political spectrum to be heard.

The newspaper began as the Chester Daily Times in 1876. Its current name was adopted in 1959 and its offices left the economically declining City of Chester, Pennsylvania for Primos, an unincorporated postal designation in Upper Darby Township. According to the Journal Register Company, it has the largest circulation of any suburban paper in the Philadelphia area. The Sunday edition is known as the Delaware County Sunday Times.

Edwin A. Roberts Jr.

Edwin A. Roberts Jr. (born November 13, 1932) is an American journalist. He won the 1974 Pulitzer Prize for Commentary.

Ernest Becker

Ernest Becker (September 27, 1924 – March 6, 1974) was a Jewish-American cultural anthropologist and writer. He is noted for his 1974 Pulitzer Prize-winning book, The Denial of Death.

Eugene C. Pulliam

Eugene Collins Pulliam (May 3, 1889 – June 23, 1975) was an American newspaper publisher and businessman who was the founder and longtime president of Central Newspapers Inc., a multibillion-dollar media corporation. He was the maternal grandfather of Dan Quayle, the 44th Vice President of the United States.

F. Gilman Spencer

Frederick Gilman Spencer III (December 8, 1925 – June 24, 2011) was an American newspaper editor.

He was editor at The Trentonian, Philadelphia Daily News from 1975 to 1984, New York Daily News from 1984 to 1989, and The Denver Post, from 1989 to 1993. "As an editor, Spencer gained a reputation for pulling struggling newspapers back from the brink and inspiring respect and loyalty among his staff. He guided the Philadelphia Daily News for nine years and then in 1984 moved to the New York Daily News, where he reveled in the tabloid wars."Gil Spencer lived in Manhattan with his wife, Isabel, until his death in 2011, aged 85.

Gloria Neil

Gloria Neil (born January 13, 1941) is an American television and film actress. She is best known for her roles on The Man from U.N.C.L.E. and The Beverly Hillbillies, as well as the 1960s-era films The Beach Girls and the Monster and The Karate Killers.

Gods and Generals (novel)

Gods and Generals is a novel which serves as a prequel to Michael Shaara's 1974 Pulitzer Prize-winning work about the Battle of Gettysburg, The Killer Angels. Written by Jeffrey Shaara after his father Michael's death in 1988, the novel relates events from 1858 through 1863 during the American Civil War, ending just as the two armies march toward Gettysburg. Shaara also wrote The Last Full Measure, published in 2000, which follows the events presented in The Killer Angels.

In 2003 Gods and Generals was made into a film directed by Ronald F. Maxwell and starring Robert Duvall and Jeff Daniels. The film shares most of its cast with Gettysburg, the film adaptation of The Killer Angels.

Gravity's Rainbow

Gravity's Rainbow is a 1973 novel by American writer Thomas Pynchon.

Lengthy, complex, and featuring a large cast of characters, the narrative is set primarily in Europe at the end of World War II, and centers on the design, production and dispatch of V-2 rockets by the German military. In particular, it features the quest undertaken by several characters to uncover the secret of a mysterious device named the "Schwarzgerät" ("black device"), slated to be installed in a rocket with the serial number "00000".

Traversing a wide range of knowledge, Gravity's Rainbow transgresses boundaries between high and low culture, between literary propriety and profanity, and between science and speculative metaphysics. It shared the 1974 U.S. National Book Award for Fiction with A Crown of Feathers and Other Stories by Isaac Bashevis Singer. Although selected by the Pulitzer Prize jury on fiction for the 1974 Pulitzer Prize for Fiction, the Pulitzer Advisory Board was offended by its content, some of which was described as "'unreadable,' 'turgid,' 'overwritten' and in parts 'obscene'". No Pulitzer Prize was awarded for fiction that year. The novel was nominated for the 1973 Nebula Award for Best Novel.Time named Gravity's Rainbow one of its "All-Time 100 Greatest Novels", a list of the best English-language novels from 1923 to 2005 and it is considered by some critics to be one of the greatest American novels ever written.

Jack White (reporter)

Jack White (1942 – October 12, 2005) was an American journalist. He won the 1974 Pulitzer Prize in National Reporting for his coverage of President Richard Nixon's underpayment of income taxes. White's investigative article prompted Nixon to utter his famous line, "I am not a crook" to White's colleague Joseph Ungaro at a newspaper editors' conference in Florida. White also won Emmy Awards for his reporting on fugitive banker Joe Mollicone and Providence tax officials who violated the city's residency requirement. On his death, the Cape Cod Times called him "the dean of Rhode Island journalism."

Les Payne

Leslie "Les" Payne (July 12, 1941 – March 19, 2018) was an American journalist. He served as an editor and columnist at Newsday and is a founder of the National Association of Black Journalists. Payne received a Pulitzer Prize for his investigative research.

Lincolnwood, Illinois

Lincolnwood (formerly Tessville) is a village in Cook County, Illinois, United States. The population was 12,590 at the 2010 census.

List of University High School (Los Angeles, California) alumni

The following is a list of notable alumni of University Senior High School. The list includes all notable former pupils who attended the school anytime since opening its doors in 1924, including for the four years it was named "Warren G. Harding High School".

Patricia Krenwinkel, convicted murderer, member of Manson Family

Rachel Ames (actress, General Hospital)

Mackenzie Astin 1991 (actor)

Eric Avery (rock bassist, Jane's Addiction)

Jan Berry 1959 (singer and songwriter, Jan and Dean)

David Bonderman (billionaire)

Karla Bonoff (singer/songwriter, "Someone To Lay Down Beside Me", "Lose Again", "Tell Me Why")

Jeff Bridges 1967 (Oscar-winning actor)

James Brolin (actor, Marcus Welby, M.D., Westworld)

David Cassidy (actor, The Partridge Family)

David Charvet 1991 (actor, Baywatch)

Alex Cline 1974 (drummer, Homogenized Goo)

Nels Cline 1974 (guitarist, Wilco and The Nels Cline Singers)

Darby Crash, born Jan Paul Beahm (punk rock pioneer, the Germs)

Faye Dancer 1941 (baseball player)

Richard Dean, born Richard Cowen (athlete, model, photographer)

Sandra Dee, born Alexandra Zuck, 1958 (actress, Gidget)

John Densmore (rock drummer, The Doors)

Pat Doyle (baseball coach)

Bobby Driscoll (Academy Award-winning child star)

Elonka Dunin 1976 (cryptographer and game developer)

John Ecker 1966 (basketball player and coach)

Danny Elfman (musician, Oingo Boingo, film composer)

Raymond C. Fisher (jurist)

Vince Flaherty (film producer, actor, songwriter, musician and recording artist)

Megan Follows 1986 (actress)

Kim Fowley 1958 (rock musician, music producer)

Gil Fronsdal (Buddhist teacher and author)

Judy Garland (singer, actress, Dorothy in The Wizard of Oz)

Peggy Ann Garner (actress, A Tree Grows in Brooklyn)

Jill Gibson 1960 (singer and artist)

Omar Gooding (actor)

Barry Gordon 1966 (actor, A Thousand Clowns; longest-running president of Screen Actors Guild)

Kim Gordon (rock bassist, Sonic Youth)

Jane Harman 1962 (Congresswoman for California's 36th Congressional District 1993–99, 2001–11)

Jason Hervey 1990 (actor, Wayne Arnold on The Wonder Years)

Andy Hill 1968, basketball player, television executive, author

Leonard Hill, television producer and real estate developer

Daryl Hobbs 1987 (professional football player for Oakland Raiders, New Orleans Saints and Seattle Seahawks)

Tony Horton professional baseball player for Boston Red Sox, and Cleveland Indians

Bruce Johnston (Beach Boys singer-songwriter, Grammy Award winner 1976 for Song of the Year "I Write The Songs")

Jack Jones 1957 (singer)

Jack Jorgensen 1970 (The Associated Press, United News Service photographer)

Brian Kingman 1971 (professional baseball player for Oakland Athletics and San Francisco Giants)

Kathy Kohner-Zuckerman 1958 (the actual Gidget, on whom the novel Gidget, The Little Girl With the Big Ideas and subsequent film and television adaptations was based)

Robby Krieger (rock guitarist and songwriter, The Doors)

Bill Lancaster (son of Burt Lancaster; writer of The Bad News Bears)

David Lang 1974 (Pulitzer prize-winning composer)

Nan Leslie (actress, Martha McGivern on TV series The Californians)

Lorna Luft 1968-70 (singer and actress, daughter of Judy Garland)

Betty Lynn (actress, Thelma Lou in The Andy Griffith Show)

Sue Lyon (actress, Lolita, Night of the Iguana)

Bryan MacLean 1964 (singer/composer, rock musician, Love)

Samantha Mathis 1988 (actress, The American President, Broken Arrow)

Doug McClure (TV and film actor, The Virginian)

Roddy McDowall, born Roderick McDowall, 1946 (actor, Planet of the Apes, Cleopatra)

Maria McKee 1982 (rock musician, Lone Justice)

Kevin Millar (professional baseball player)

Penelope Ann Miller (actress, Carlito's Way, Kindergarten Cop)

Andrew Mishkin 1976 (NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory engineer, author)

Marilyn Monroe (iconic actress)

Jim Moret 1974 (television anchor)

Shelley Taylor Morgan (actress)

Dave Navarro (rock musician, Jane's Addiction)

Randy Newman (singer/composer, "I Love L.A.")

Barbara Nwaba 2007 (heptathlete)

David Nwaba 2011 (basketball player, Lakers, Cleveland Cavaliers)

Ryan O'Neal (actor, Love Story, Barry Lyndon)

Pepper Paire 1942 (baseball player)

Mel Patton (1948 Olympic gold medal sprinter; former world record holder, 100 yd & 220 yd dash)

Paul Petersen (actor, The Donna Reed Show)

Stephen Reinhardt 1949 (judge, United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit)

Tommy Rettig 1958 (Jeff Miller in Lassie)

Herb Ritts (photographer)

Mary Lee Robb, born Mary Lee Robb Cline, 1944 (radio actress, The Great Gildersleeve)

Kira Roessler (Black Flag bassist)

Bruce Schwartz 1973 (puppeteer)

Frank Sinatra, Jr. (singer, conductor, son of Frank Sinatra)

Nancy Sinatra 1958 (singer, actress, daughter of Frank Sinatra)

Pat Smear, born George Ruthenberg (punk rock pioneer, the Germs, Nirvana and Foo Fighters musician)

Steve Smith, Sr. (NFL wide receiver)

Felicia Stewart (doctor, author, advocate for morning-after pill)

Peter Stone (writer for theater, television and film)

Glenn Sundby (gymnast)

Elizabeth Taylor (Oscar-winning actress)

Marshall Thompson (actor, To Hell and Back)

Tone Lōc, born Anthony Terrell Smith (hip-hop artist known for "Wild Thing" and "Funky Cold Medina")

Dean Torrence 1958 (singer, Jan & Dean)

Chet Upham ca. 1942 (oil and natural gas businessman from Mineral Wells, Texas; owner of Loveland Ski Area in Colorado; chairman of the Texas Republican Party 1979–1983)

Rick Van Santen 1980 (co-founder Coachella Valley Music and Arts Festival)

Jay Walker (NFL quarterback, 1994–1998; Maryland House of Delegates District 26, 2006–present)

David Weissman 1972 (filmmaker, The Cockettes (2002) We Were Here (2011))

Howard Wolpe 1956 (Congressman for Michigan's 3rd Congressional District from 1979 to 1993)

Steve Wynn (musician, songwriter, The Dream Syndicate)

Titus Young (NFL wide receiver)

Jordan Zevon 1988 (musician, music producer, son of Warren Zevon)


A nocturne (from the French which meant nocturnal, from Latin nocturnus) is usually a musical composition that is inspired by, or evocative of, the night. Historically, nocturne is a very old term applied to night Offices and, since the Middle Ages, to divisions in the canonical hour of Matins.

Pierrot ensemble

A Pierrot ensemble is a musical ensemble comprising flute, clarinet, violin, cello and piano, frequently augmented by the addition of a singer or percussionist, and/or by the performers doubling on other woodwind/stringed/keyboard instruments. This ensemble is named after 20th-century composer Arnold Schoenberg’s seminal work Pierrot Lunaire, which includes the quintet of instruments above with a narrator (usually performed by a soprano).

Robert W. Greene

Robert William Greene, Sr. (July 12, 1929 – April 10, 2008) was a pioneering investigative journalist, who uncovered corruption in Arizona after a journalist was murdered there and twice helped Newsday win the Pulitzer Prize for Public Service. He spent 37 years as a reporter and editor at Newsday.

The Trentonian

The Trentonian is a daily newspaper serving Trenton, New Jersey, USA, and the surrounding Mercer County community. The paper has a daily circulation of slightly more than 20,000 and a Sunday circulation of less than 18,000.

The paper is owned by Digital First Media, a media company headquartered in Denver, Colorado, specializing in newspaper publishing, which owns 75 daily and several hundred non-daily newspapers in the United States. DFM was formed as a merger between Media News Group, MNG, and Journal Register Company, JRC.

In November 2008, DFM announced that some of its newspapers, including The Trentonian, were being put up for sale and the newspaper's daily price increased 43 percent, from 35 cents to 50 cents. Also, the company announced that The Trentonian would no longer be printed in Trenton beginning in January 2009. It will be printed at a JRC-owned facility in Exton, Pa., and delivered to Trenton.

The Trentonian was known as a feisty, gritty tabloid from its start in 1946 when 40 members of the International Typographical Union broke away from the (Trenton) Times to start their own paper.When The Washington Post Company bought the Times in 1975, Katharine Graham vowed to make Trenton a one-paper town. She reportedly would later admit that Trenton was her "Vietnam."The book Tabloid From Hell details what the author considers to be the decline of The Trentonian, with much of the blame directed at Robert M. Jelenic, JRC's former CEO, whom the author says spent too much time on discipline and trivial matters, not enough on quality journalism. A Mary Walton interview in American Journalism Review was also critical of Jelenic.

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