1974 Asian Games

The 7th Asian Games (Persian: بازی‌های آسیایی ۱۹۷۴‎) were held from 1 to 16 September 1974 in Tehran, Imperial Iran. The Aryamehr Sports Complex was built for the Games. The Asian Games were hosted in the Middle East for the first time. Tehran, the capital of Iran, played host to 3,010 athletes coming from 25 countries/NOCs, the highest number of participants since the inception of the Games.

Fencing, gymnastics and women's basketball were added to the existing disciplines. The games were known for the use of state-of-the-art technology, from synthetic track to photo-finish cameras.

VII Asian Games
7th Asiad
Host cityTehran
CountryIran
MottoEver Onward
Nations participating25
Athletes participating3,010
Events200 in 16 sports
Opening ceremony1 September
Closing ceremony16 September
Officially opened byMohammad Reza Pahlavi
Shah of Iran
Athlete's OathMansour Barzegar
Torch lighterGolverdi Peimani
Bangkok 1970 Bangkok 1978  >

History

Starting in 1962, the Games were hit by several crises. First, the host country Indonesia, refused to permit the participation of Israel and the Republic of China due to political and religious issues. As a result, the IOC removed its sponsorship of the Games and terminated Indonesia as one of the IOC members.[1] The Asian Football Confederation (AFC),[2] International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF) and International Weightlifting Federation (IWF), also removed their recognition of the Games.[3][4]

Reverse of Iranian 20 Rials coin - monument of 1974 Asian Games
Reverse of Iranian 20 Rials coin - monument of 1974 Asian Games

In 1970, South Korea dropped its plan to host the Games due to national security crisis; however, the main reason was the financial crisis, forcing the previous host Thailand to administer the Games again in Bangkok using funds transferred from South Korea.[5] Prior to the Games, Japan was asked to host the Games, but declined due to Expo '70 in Osaka.[6] This edition also marked the first time the Games were broadcast on television throughout the world.[7]

Host city selection

Asian-games-1974-tehran-sta
Commemorative stamps of the 1974 Asian games by the post of Iran.

On 11 and 12 January 1968, a meeting was organised at the Bangkok, in between the representatives of nine Asian National Olympic Committees. The framework of the meeting was set up in another meeting held on 1 September 1970 during Bangkok Asian Games. Tehran was selected as host city after defeating Kuwait City and Tel Aviv.

1974 Asian Games bidding results
City NOC Round 1 Round 2
Tehran Iran Iran 19 25
Kuwait City  Kuwait 12 9
Tel Aviv  Israel 2

Organisation

The responsibility of organising the Seventh Asian Games was assigned to a special committee headed by the Amir Abbas Hoveida, then Prime Minister of Iran.

Venues

1974 Asian Game inauguration
The official inauguration of the 1974 Asian Games in Aryamehr Stadium.

The venue for the 1974 Asian Games was the multi-purpose sport complex– Aryamehr Sports Complex.

The stadium was designed by Abdolaziz Farmanfarmaian and rupees 100,000 persons were required for the full construction, which was completed on 1 April 1971. The stadium was named to Aryamehr, meaning the light of Aryans referring to Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi, then king of Iran.

Opening ceremony

Mohammadreza Pahlavi 1974 Asian Games
Mohammad Reza Pahlavi during the 1974 Asian Games Inauguration.

On 1 September 1974, the Seventh Asian Games were officially opened. The list of the guests included— Shah of Iran Mohammad-Reza Pahlavi, then Prime Minister of Iran Amir Abbas Hoveida, cabinet members of Iranian Government, President of Israel Ephraim Katzir, President of South Korea Park Chung-hee, King of Thailand Bhumibol Adulyadej, diplomatic corps and representatives of participating Asian NOCs. The Aryamehr Stadium was filled with an estimated 100,000 spectators. After a speech by the president of Asian Games Federation, HRH Yadavendra Singh, Mohammad Reza Shah officially opened the Games.

Sports

Participating nations

The Asian Games Federation conference, which was held ten months before the Games, decided to expel the Republic of China (Taiwan) from the games and accepted the entry of the People's Republic of China. The Arab nations, Pakistan, China and North Korea refused to play with Israel in tennis, fencing, basketball and football. This was the last time Israel competed in the Asian Games.

Calendar

In the following calendar for the 1974 Asian Games, each blue box represents an event competition, such as a qualification round, on that day. The yellow boxes represent days during which medal-awarding finals for a sport were held. The numeral indicates the number of event finals for each sport held that day. On the left, the calendar lists each sport with events held during the Games, and at the right, how many gold medals were won in that sport. There is a key at the top of the calendar to aid the reader.

OC Opening ceremony Event competitions 1 Event finals CC Closing ceremony
September 1974 2nd
Mon
3rd
Tue
4th
Wed
5th
Thu
6th
Fri
7th
Sat
8th
Sun
9th
Mon
10th
Tue
11th
Wed
12th
Thu
13th
Fri
14th
Sat
15th
Sun
Gold
medals
Athletics pictogram.svg Athletics 3 3 3 6 6 1 13 35
Badminton pictogram.svg Badminton 2 5 7
Basketball pictogram.svg Basketball 1 1 2
Boxing pictogram.svg Boxing 11 11
Cycling (road) pictogram.svg Cycling – Road 1 1 2
Cycling (track) pictogram.svg Cycling – Track 1 1 2 4
Diving pictogram.svg Diving 1 1 1 1 4
Fencing pictogram.svg Fencing 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 8
Field hockey pictogram.svg Field hockey 1 1
Football pictogram.svg Football 1 1
Gymnastics (artistic) pictogram.svg Gymnastics 2 1 1 10 14
Shooting pictogram.svg Shooting 2 3 5 4 5 3 22
Swimming pictogram.svg Swimming 4 5 4 3 4 5 25
Table tennis pictogram.svg Table tennis 2 5 7
Tennis pictogram.svg Tennis 1 1 3 2 7
Volleyball (indoor) pictogram.svg Volleyball 1 1 2
Water polo pictogram.svg Water polo 1 1
Weightlifting pictogram.svg Weightlifting 6 6 6 9 27
Wrestling pictogram.svg Wrestling 10 10 20
Total gold medals 12 16 18 21 20 12 1 7 14 8 10 19 20 22
Ceremonies OC CC
September 1974 2nd
Mon
3rd
Tue
4th
Wed
5th
Thu
6th
Fri
7th
Sat
8th
Sun
9th
Mon
10th
Tue
11th
Wed
12th
Thu
13th
Fri
14th
Sat
15th
Sun
Gold
medals

Medal table

1974 Asian Games medal map
Medalist countries

The top ten ranked NOCs at these Games are listed below. The host nation, Iran, is highlighted.

  *   Host nation (Iran)

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 Japan (JPN)754951175
2 Iran (IRI)*36281781
3 China (CHN)334627106
4 South Korea (KOR)16261557
5 North Korea (PRK)15141746
6 Israel (ISR)74819
7 India (IND)4121228
8 Thailand (THA)42814
9 Indonesia (INA)34411
10 Mongolia (MGL)25815
11–19Remaining794157
Totals (19 nations)202199208609

See also

References

  1. ^ "Track: Asian Games Dropped By Olympics". Daytona Beach. 1962-08-23. Retrieved 2010-08-14.
  2. ^ "第4届 1962年雅加达亚运会". data.sports.163.com. Archived from the original on 2011-07-03. Retrieved 2010-08-14.
  3. ^ "Penalty Dealt to Indonesia". Spokane Daily Chronicles. 1962-09-13. Retrieved 2010-08-14.
  4. ^ "Warning". The Age. 1962-08-30. Retrieved 2010-08-14.
  5. ^ "第六届 1970年曼谷亚运会". Data.sports.163.com. Archived from the original on 2011-07-03. Retrieved 2010-07-22.
  6. ^ "Thailand's Sporting Spirit". Pattaya Mail Sports. Retrieved 2010-07-22.
  7. ^ "第六届 1970年曼谷亚运会". data.sports.163. Archived from the original on 2011-07-03. Retrieved 2010-10-09.

External links

Preceded by
Bangkok
Asian Games
Tehran

VII Asiad (1974)
Succeeded by
Bangkok
Athletics at the 1974 Asian Games

The athletics at the 1974 Asian Games were held in Aryamehr Stadium, Tehran, Iran. This was the first time that China competed in these games and also the last time that Israel competed.

Badminton at the 1974 Asian Games

Badminton tournaments were held for the fourth time at the 1974 Asian Games in Amjadieh Sport Complex, Tehran, Iran.

Chung Hyun-sook

Chung Hyun-Sook (born 1951 or 1952) is a former female table tennis player from South Korea. She won a gold medal in the Women's Team event at the World Table Tennis Championships in 1973. She became vice-president of the Republic of Korea Table Tennis Association in February 2013.

Football at the 1974 Asian Games

Football at the 1974 Asian Games was held in Tehran, Iran from 2 to 16 September 1974.

Hu Yulan

Hu Yulan also known as Hu Yu-lan is a former female international table tennis player from China.

India at the 1974 Asian Games

India participated in the 1974 Asian Games held in Tehran, Iran from 1 to 16 September 1974. Athletes from India won overall 28 medals, including four gold, and finished seventh in a medal table.

Israel at the 1974 Asian Games

Israel participated in the 1974 Asian Games held in Tehran, Iran from 1 September 1974 to 16 September 1974. This was the last appearance of Israel in Asian Games. Athletes from Israel won overall 19 medals, including seven gold, and finished sixth in a medal table.In this Games, athletes from the Arab nations, Pakistan, China and North Korea refused to play with Israel in tennis, fencing, basketball and football events, due to political reasons.

Japan at the 1974 Asian Games

Japan participated in the 1974 Asian Games held in Tehran, Iran from September 1, 1974 to September 16, 1974. This country was ranked 1st with 72 gold medals, 51 silver medals and 49 bronze medals with a total of 172 medals to secure its top spot in the medal tally.

Lee Ailesa

Lee Ailesa (born 15 August 1954) is a former female international table tennis player from South Korea.

Li Zhenshi

Li Zhenshi (Wade–Giles: Li Chen-shih), is a male Chinese table tennis player and coach.

Mitsuru Kono

Mitsuru Kohno is a male former international table tennis player from Japan.

Table tennis at the 1974 Asian Games

Table tennis was contested at the 1974 Asian Games in Tehran, Iran from September 8 to September 15, 1974.

Table tennis had team, doubles and singles events for men and women, as well as a mixed doubles competition. China finished first in medal table with six gold medals.

Taty Sumirah

Taty Sumirah is a retired female badminton player of Indonesia.

Thailand at the 1974 Asian Games

Thailand participated in the 1974 Asian Games in Tehran on 1–16 September 1974. Thailand ended the games at 14 overall medals including 4 gold medals.

Tomie Edano

Tomie Edano (枝野 とみえ, Edano Tomie) is a former female international table tennis player from Japan.

Xi Enting

Xi Enting (also Hsi En-ting), is a male former table tennis player from China.

Xu Shaofa

Xu Shaofa (Hsu Shao-Fa) (born 1947), is a male former international table tennis player from China.

Yukie Ozeki

Yukie Ohzeki is a former female international table tennis player from Japan.

Zheng Huaiying

Zheng Huaiying also known as Cheng Huai Ying is a female former international table tennis player from China.

Summer Games
Winter Games
Nations at the 1974 Asian Games in Tehran, Iran
Events at the 1974 Asian Games (Tehran)

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