1972 European Cup Winners' Cup Final

The 1972 European Cup Winners' Cup Final was a football match between Scottish team Rangers and Soviet team Dynamo Moscow. It took place at the Camp Nou in Barcelona on 24 May 1972 in front of a crowd of 24,701. It was the final of the 1971–72 European Cup Winners' Cup, one of three football competitions run by UEFA at the time. It was the 12th European Cup Winners' Cup final in history.

Both teams had to go through four qualifying rounds to get reach the final. Rangers won three of their four qualifying ties in regulation time, with their second round tie against Sporting Clube de Portugal going into extra time. Dynamo was required to win a penalty shootout to beat Dynamo Berlin in their semi-final. The final was the Rangers' third in European competition, having lost the previous two in 1961 and 1967. This was the first time a Soviet team had reached a European final.

Rangers scored two goals before half time and added a third minutes into the second half. Dynamo pulled a goal back midway through the second half and scored a late second towards the end of the game. The match finished 3-2 to Rangers.

The end of the match was overshadowed by a pitch invasion which resulted in Rangers captain John Greig being presented the trophy inside the stadium buildings. The victory has been considered to be the greatest in the club's history and the team was given the nickname the Barcelona Bears.

1972 European Cup Winners' Cup Final
Event1971–72 European Cup Winners' Cup
Rangers Dynamo Moscow
Scotland Soviet Union
3 2
Date24 May 1972
VenueCamp Nou, Barcelona
RefereeJosé María Ortiz de Mendíbil (Spain)
Attendance24,701

Route to the final

Scotland Rangers Soviet Union Dynamo Moscow
Opponent Agg. 1st leg 2nd leg Opponent Agg. 1st leg 2nd leg
France Rennes 2–1 1–1 (A) 1–0 (H) First round Greece Olympiacos 3–2 2–0 (A) 1–2 (H)
Portugal Sporting CP 6–6 (a) 3–2 (H) 3–4 (a.e.t.) (A) Second round Turkey Eskişehirspor 2–0 1–0 (A) 1–0 (H)
Italy Torino 2–1 1–1 (A) 1–0 (H) Quarter-finals Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Red Star Belgrade 3–2 2–1 (A) 1–1 (H)
West Germany Bayern Munich 3–1 1–1 (A) 2–0 (H) Semi-finals East Germany Dynamo Berlin 2–2 (4–1 p) 1–1 (A) 1–1 (a.e.t.) (H)

Rangers

Rangers began their route to the final by beating Stade Rennes 2–1 on aggregate. The first leg was drawn 1–1 with Willie Johnston scoring for Rangers. Rangers won the return leg 1–0 through Alex MacDonald. The second round saw Rangers play Sporting CP from Portugal. Rangers led the first half of the first leg 3–0, but lost two goals in the second half to lead 3–2 going into the second leg. The second leg finished 3–2 to Sporting, 5–5 on aggregate. Willie Henderson scored for Rangers in extra time but Rangers then lost a goal with six minutes left to make it 6–6 on aggregate. What followed has been described as being one of the most bizarre incidents in the history of any European tournament.[1] The Dutch referee Laurens van Raavens failed to recognise that Rangers, having scored three away goals to Sporting's two, had won the tie. But the referee made both teams take five penalties each, with Rangers losing the shootout. After Rangers manager Willie Waddell pointed out the away goals rule to UEFA, the referee was overruled, the result overturned and Rangers were heading into the next round.[1] Rangers then played Torino, Italian league leaders at the time, and won 2–1 on aggregate. In the semi final Rangers played Bayern Munich, who had beaten Rangers in the final five years previously in Nuremberg. Rangers progressed 3–1 on aggregate to reach their third European final.

Dynamo Moscow

Dynamo Moscow began their campaign by defeating Olympiakos 3–2 on aggregate, before beating the Turkish side Eskişehirspor 3–0. Moscow’s quarter final was against Red Star from Yugoslavia, who had reached the semi final of the European cup the previous year. Moscow made it through 3–1 on aggregate again. In the semi final Moscow played Dynamo Berlin from Germany. Scores were drawn 1–1 after both the first and second leg. Dynamo Moscow went through after a penalty shootout to become the first Russian club to reach a European final. The Russian players could have been awarded the coveted title Master of Sport, had they won in Barcelona.[1]

Match

Background

Camp Nou des de l'helicòpter
The final was held in the Camp Nou Barcelona

Dynamo Moscow were the first Soviet team to reach the final of a European football competition and as a result were not used to playing in such a high-profile match.[2] Before the team left Moscow they were presented ideological speeches from Communist Party bosses aimed at motivating the players.[2] Before the event, many concerns were expressed for possible troubles between Spanish police and Russian supporters. Due to the political background of the time in Spain, with the last years of Francisco Franco's right-wing dictatorship. Dynamo Moscow had an array of talented forward players including Gennady Evryuzhihin, Vladimir Kozlov, Anatoly Kozhemyakin, Michail Gershkovich, Anatoly Baydachny and Vladimir Eshtrekov. The manager Konstantin Beskov normally played three or four forwards in all of their matches.[2]

Rangers had played in two previous European finals and were the first British club to do so in 1961. Having been narrowly beaten in 1967 by Bayern Munich, Rangers were wanting to make amends. The previous year 66 Rangers supporters had died in the Ibrox disaster, a memory that was very recent in the minds of the support and the team.[3] Rangers captain John Greig had grown a beard which he explained after Rangers victory against Sporting Lisbon that it was a good luck omen and he would only shave it off when they were put out of the competition.[3]

Summary

Willie Waddell teamsheet
Rangers UEFA Cup Winners' Cup final 1972 teamsheet

Dynamo were missing Kozlov and Kozhemyakin through injury and tried to play a more defensive type of game to contain Rangers. Rangers employed an attacking line up and had a two-goal lead by half time. The first was scored by forward Colin Stein with the assist provided by Dave Smith. The second was scored by Willie Johnston after he headed in a David Smith pass with six minutes to go before half time. Rangers went 3–0 up minutes into the second half as Willie Johnston scored his second after a long kick out by goalkeeper Peter McCloy. Dynamo Moscow came back into the match when with thirty minutes left for play Eshtrekov scored after a defensive mistake from the Rangers back line. Dynamo continued to pressure however the Rangers keeper Peter McCloy twice made fine saves from Gershkovich and Sandy Jardine cleared off the line from Evryuzhihin. Moscow found their second with three minutes left with a goal from Makhovikov. Rangers held on to secure their only trophy in Europe in front of almost 25,000 people.

The end of the contest was overshadowed by a pitch invasion by hundreds of Rangers supporters one minute before the final whistle, which held the game up for several minutes.[1][2] In the sixties and seventies it was common to see pitch invasions at matches, including European finals.[4] At the time Spain was still under political oppression by fascist dictator Francisco Franco and revolts were violently repressed by armed Policía Armada (Armed Police).

While it was argued that the pitch invaders may simply have been celebrating victory prematurely due to the misinterpretation of the final whistle (the referee had blown for a throw-in) the Dynamo Moscow team believed that the pitch invasion was a calculated action by the fans designed to stop the Soviet side's momentum.[2][5] In the final minutes, Dynamo were pressing hard to equalise but the sudden pitch invasion gave the Rangers defenders respite.[5] Colin Stein later reflected on the game and stated that he believed the pitch invasion made it harder for the Rangers side during the final minutes of the game.[6] Dynamo players claimed that they were attacked during this invasion,[5] while bottles were thrown at police, whose actions have been described as heavy-handed.[1]

After the game's final whistle there was a larger pitch invasion by Rangers supporters and as a result of this the trophy was presented to Rangers captain John Greig inside the stadium buildings.[1]

Match details

Rangers Scotland3–2 Report 2Soviet Union Dynamo Moscow
Stein Goal 23'
Johnston Goal 40' Goal 49'
Eshtrekov Goal 60'
Makhovikov Goal 87'
Rangers
Dynamo Moscow
GK 1 Scotland Peter McCloy
DF 2 Scotland Sandy Jardine
DF 3 Scotland Willie Mathieson
DF 4 Scotland John Greig (c)
DF 5 Scotland Derek Johnstone
MF 6 Scotland David Smith
MF 7 Scotland Tommy McLean
MF 8 Scotland Alfie Conn
FW 9 Scotland Colin Stein
MF 10 Scotland Alex MacDonald
FW 11 Scotland Willie Johnston
Substitutes:
GK 17 West Germany Gerry Neef
DF 15 Scotland Jim Denny
FW 16 Scotland Graham Fyfe
MF 14 Scotland Andy Penman
FW 12 Scotland Derek Parlane
Manager:
Scotland Willie Waddell
GK 1 Soviet Union Vladimir Pilguy
DF 2 Soviet Union Vladimir Basalayev
DF 3 Soviet Union Oleg Dolmatov
DF 4 Soviet Union Valeri Zykov (c)
DF 5 Soviet Union Vladimir Dolbonosov Substituted off 69'
MF 6 Soviet Union Yevgeni Zhukov
FW 7 Soviet Union Anatoly Baidachny
FW 8 Soviet Union Andrei Yakubik Substituted off 56'
MF 9 Soviet Union Yozhef Sabo
MF 10 Soviet Union Aleksandr Makhovikov
FW 11 Soviet Union Gennady Yevriuzhikin
Substitutes:
MF 13 Soviet Union Vladimir Eshtrekov Substituted in 56'
FW 14 Soviet Union Mikhail Gershkovich Substituted in 69'
Manager:
Soviet Union Konstantin Beskov

Aftermath

Rangers reaction to victory

Rangers victory meant that they qualified for the 1972 European Super Cup where they played the 1972 European Cup winners AFC Ajax, however they lost the final 6-3 over two legs.

Rangers victory in the final has been heralded as one of the greatest achievements in the club's history. Sandy Jardine who played in the final placed the victory at the very top of the club's achievements.[7] The team that won the final became known as the Barcelona Bears.[8] In 2006 Rangers opened Bar 72 in the Govan stand which was named in honour of the team that won the Cup Winners Cup.[9] In 2012 Rangers celebrated 40 years since winning the trophy by wearing a 2012-13 home strip of a similar style as the one worn during the 1972 final.[8]

Reaction to pitch invasion

In the days following the match, Dynamo Moscow and the Soviet FA demanded a replay on the grounds of the pitch invasion which took place before the final whistle.[2] Rangers supporters later complained about the severity and indiscriminate nature of the beatings from the police, in which many jubilant rather than violent supporters were caught up.[10] Veteran Scottish broadcaster Archie MacPherson, who covered the game, has stated that the trouble was "eminently avoidable" and relates how Reuters' correspondent at the match remarked to him that, "What you are seeing down there is Franco's Fascist police in action".[11] After initially denying his club's culpability, the then Rangers manager Willie Waddell criticised the fans who had invaded the pitch.[10][12]

While UEFA initially seemed sympathetic with the Russians and some neutral commentators agreed that the game should be replayed,[2] no replay was ever scheduled and Rangers kept the trophy. However, Rangers did lose the right to defend the trophy as they were handed a two-year ban from European competition following their fans' behaviour. This was later reduced to a one-year ban.[13] This marked the first time in the history of the competition that the winners were banned from playing in Europe the following year[1] and it was suggested that the fan trouble was the first major instance of British football hooliganism to receive widespread attention in continental Europe, contributing to the eventual designation of it as "the British disease".[13]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "Rangers triumph in Europe 1972". BBC Sport. BBC. Retrieved 16 August 2007.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Wilson, Jonathan (May 13, 2008). "Jonathan Wilson Sport Blog". The Guardian. London: Guardian Media Group. Retrieved 9 September 2012.
  3. ^ a b "John Greig Profile". STV. April 1, 2010. Retrieved 9 September 2012.
  4. ^ "Rangers memories". BBC Sport. BBC. 5 November 2007. Retrieved 8 April 2011.
  5. ^ a b c Russia's woes weigh on CSKA UEFA.com, 18 May 2005
  6. ^ "Stein predicts 2-1 victory for Rangers". STV Sport. Retrieved 24 December 2012.
  7. ^ "Rangers great Sandy Jardine remembers happier times". BBC Sport. BBC. 26 May 2012. Retrieved 14 December 2012.
  8. ^ a b MacDonald, Kenny (February 11, 2012). "Barcelona Bears 40 Years On". The Sun. Retrieved 9 September 2012.
  9. ^ "The Bain Event". The Herald. Herald & Times Group. Retrieved 30 December 2013.
  10. ^ a b Spiers, Graham (6 November 2007). "Memories are made of this: when Rangers took Barcelona by storm". The Times. London. Retrieved 14 August 2010.
  11. ^ Archie MacPherson (2005), Flower of Scotland?: A Scottish Football Odyssey, Highdown, ISBN 978-1-905156-11-5
  12. ^ "No hiding place for the guilty". scotlandonsunday.scotsman.com. Scotland on Sunday. 18 May 2008. Retrieved 14 August 2010.
  13. ^ a b A Day Of Horror And Shame Sports Illustrated, 10 June 1985

External links

1972 UEFA Cup Final

The 1972 UEFA Cup Final was the final of the first ever UEFA Cup football tournament. It was a two-legged contest played on 3 May and 17 May 1972 between two English clubs, Wolverhampton Wanderers and Tottenham Hotspur.

Tottenham Hotspur won the tie 3–2 on aggregate. A 2–1 victory away from home in the first leg proved decisive for them, with Martin Chivers scoring a remarkable late winner, firing in an unstoppable shot from 25 yards. They then held Wolves to a 1–1 draw in the second leg to win the competition.

1972–73 European Cup Winners' Cup

The 1972–73 European Cup Winners' Cup football club tournament was won by Milan after a 1–0 victory against Leeds United at the Kaftanzoglio Stadium, Thessaloniki, Greece.

Competition holders Rangers would have been eligible to compete in the Cup Winners' Cup, but were banned from European competition in the 1972–73 season due to the violent disturbances at the 1972 European Cup Winners' Cup Final.

2008 UEFA Cup Final

The 2008 UEFA Cup Final was a football match that took place on 14 May 2008 at the City of Manchester Stadium in Manchester, England. It was the 37th annual final of the UEFA Cup, UEFA's second tier club football tournament.

The match, which was contested by Zenit Saint Petersburg of Russia and Rangers of Scotland, was billed as a battle between former Rangers manager Dick Advocaat, then the manager of Zenit, and incumbent Rangers boss Walter Smith, both of whom had completed the Scottish domestic treble; Smith in 1993, Advocaat in 1999.

Zenit won the match 2–0 with goals from Igor Denisov and Konstantin Zyryanov, to claim their first UEFA Cup title, making them only the second Russian side to win the competition, after CSKA Moscow in 2004–05.

Alex Miller

Alex Miller (born 4 July 1949) is a Scottish football manager and former player. As a player, he had a 15-year career with Rangers. As a manager, he won the 1991 Scottish League Cup with Hibernian. He subsequently worked for Premier League club Liverpool for nine years, assisting Gérard Houllier and Rafael Benítez.

Colin Jackson (Scottish footballer)

Colin MacDonald Jackson (8 October 1946 – 6 June 2015) was a Scottish footballer, who played predominantly for Rangers and the Scotland national team.

Football in Scotland

Association football is one of the national sports of Scotland and the most popular sport in the country. There is a long tradition of "football" games in Orkney, Lewis and southern Scotland, especially the Scottish Borders, although many of these include carrying the ball and passing by hand, and despite bearing the name "football" bear little resemblance to association football.Founded in 1873, Scotland has the second oldest national Football Association in the world (behind England's FA), and the trophy for the national cup, the Scottish Cup, is the oldest national sporting trophy in the world. Scotland and Scottish football clubs hold many records for football attendances.

Rangers F.C.

Rangers Football Club are a football club in Glasgow, Scotland, who play in the Scottish Premiership, the first tier of the Scottish Professional Football League. Although it is not part of the official name, they are occasionally referred to as Glasgow Rangers; their home ground, Ibrox Stadium, is in the south-west of the city in the Govan district.

Rangers have won more league titles and trebles than any other club in the world, winning the league title 54 times, the Scottish Cup 33 times and the Scottish League Cup 27 times, and achieving the treble of all three in the same season seven times. Rangers won the European Cup Winners' Cup in 1972 after being losing finalists twice, in 1961 (the first British club to reach a UEFA tournament final) and 1967. A third runners-up finish in Europe came in the UEFA Cup in 2008. Rangers have a long-standing rivalry with Celtic, the two Glasgow clubs being collectively known as the Old Firm, which is considered one of the world's biggest football derbies.Founded in February 1872, Rangers were one of the 11 original members of the Scottish Football League and remained in the top division continuously until the liquidation of The Rangers Football Club PLC at the end of the 2011–12 season. With a new corporate identity, the club gained admittance to the fourth tier of Scottish league football in time for the start of the following season. Rangers secured promotion back to the Premiership for the start of the 2016–17 season having won three promotions in four years.

Sandy Jardine

William "Sandy" Pullar Jardine (31 December 1948 – 24 April 2014) was a Scottish professional footballer, who played for Rangers, Hearts and represented Scotland. He played over 1000 professional games and twice won the Scottish Football Writers Association Player of the Year award. He won several honours with Rangers, including two domestic trebles in 1976 and 1978, and was part of the Rangers team that won the European Cup Winners' Cup in 1972. He won 38 caps for Scotand and played in the 1974 and 1978 World Cups. Jardine was also co-manager of Hearts with Alex MacDonald and later worked for Rangers.

Jardine died in April 2014, 18 months after being diagnosed with liver cancer.

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