1970 South Australian state election

State elections were held in South Australia on 30 May 1970. All 47 seats in the South Australian House of Assembly were up for election. The incumbent Liberal and Country League led by Premier of South Australia Steele Hall was defeated by the Australian Labor Party led by Leader of the Opposition Don Dunstan.

South Australian state election, 1970

30 May 1970

All 47 seats in the South Australian House of Assembly
24 seats were needed for a majority
  Don Dunstan 1968 crop SteeleHall1968crop
Leader Don Dunstan Steele Hall
Party Labor Liberal and Country League
Leader since 1 June 1967 1966
Leader's seat Norwood Gouger
Last election 19 seats 20 seats
Seats won 27 seats 20 seats
Seat change Increase8 Steady0
Percentage 53.3% 46.7%
Swing Increase0.1 Decrease0.1

Premier before election

Steele Hall
Liberal and Country League

Elected Premier

Don Dunstan
Labor

Background

The LCL had formed the government of South Australia for 35 of the previous 38 years due to a malapportionment favouring country areas over the Adelaide area. Deliberately inequitable electoral boundaries resulted in a country vote being worth twice a vote in Adelaide, even though Adelaide accounted for two-thirds of the state's population. This system was popularly known as the "Playmander," since it allowed Thomas Playford to remain Premier of South Australia for 26 years. In the latter part of Playford's tenure, the LCL could only hope to win a few seats in Adelaide. However, the LCL's grip on the country areas was such that it was able to retain power when it lost by substantial margins in terms of raw votes.

Labor finally overcame the Playmander at the 1965 election under Frank Walsh, but the malapportionment was strong enough that Labor only won 21 seats—just enough for a majority—despite taking 54.3 percent of the two-party vote. At the 1968 election, Labor, now led by Don Dunstan won 53.2 percent of the two-party vote. However, Labor lost two seats to the LCL under Playford's successor, Hall. With the LCL one seat short of a majority, the balance of power rested with long-serving independent Tom Stott, a good friend of former Premier Playford and no friend of Labor. As expected, Stott announced his support for the LCL, thus making Hall the new Premier. If just 21 LCL votes were Labor votes in the seat of Murray, Labor would have formed majority government.

Hall was embarrassed that his party was in a position to win power despite finishing seven points behind Labor on the two-party vote. Concerned by the level of publicity and public protest about the issue, Hall was committed to the principle of a fairer electoral system. He enacted a system that expanded the House of Assembly to 47 seats—28 of which were located in Adelaide, an increase of 15 metropolitan seats, more than double. The reforms fell short of "one vote one value," as Labor had demanded, since country areas were still somewhat over-represented, with the most populous metropolitan seats still containing double the number of voters than the least populous rural seats. However, while there was still rural overweighting, Adelaide now elected a majority of the legislature, making it a near-certainty that Labor would win the next election. Conventional wisdom was that Hall was effectively handing the premiership to Dunstan at the next election.

A 1968 Millicent by-election was triggered by the Court of Disputed Returns where Labor had won the seat by a single vote at the 1968 election. Labor increased their margin. Notably, turnout increased at the by-election.

In early 1970, Hall and Stott fell out over the location of a dam. Stott wanted the dam built in his electorate while Hall thought it more use to locate it elsewhere. Constituent anger forced Stott to vote against the Hall government, leading to an early election and the expected loss to Labor. Stott did not contest the 1970 election.

Hall remained Leader of the Opposition for two years before resigning from the LCL, claiming that the Party had 'lost its idealism [and] forgotten...its purpose for existence'. He founded the Liberal Movement, a progressive Liberal party that included about 200 former LCL members. Hall won a Federal Senate seat for the Liberal Movement in 1974 (and was re-elected in 1975), serving in the Senate for three years before resigning his position. His replacement as the Liberal Movement Senator for South Australia was Janine Haines, who would subsequently become the initial Australian Democrats Senator.

A 1971 Adelaide by-election was triggered as a result of the death of the incumbent MP. Labor easily retained the seat.

Results

South Australian state election, 30 May 1970[1]
House of Assembly
<< 19681973 >>

Enrolled voters 635,533
Votes cast 603,952 Turnout 95.03% +0.55%
Informal votes 12,421 Informal 2.06% –0.25%
Summary of votes by party
Party Primary votes % Swing Seats Change
  Labor 305,478 51.64% –0.33% 27 + 8
  Liberal and Country 258,856 43.76% –0.06% 20 + 1
  National 11,227 1.90% * 0 ± 0
  Independent 8,842 1.50% +0.47% 0 – 1
  Democratic Labor 4,211 0.71% –0.93% 0 ± 0
  Social Credit 2,401 0.41% –0.44% 0 ± 0
  Communist 743 0.13% –0.16% 0 ± 0
Total 591,531     47  
Two-party-preferred
  Labor 53.30% +0.10%
  Liberal and Country 46.70% –0.10%

Post-election pendulum

LABOR SEATS (27)
Marginal
Chaffey Reg Curren ALP 0.2%
Millicent Des Corcoran ALP 4.0%
Brighton Hugh Hudson ALP 4.5%
Coles Len King ALP 4.9%
Gilles Jack Slater ALP 5.4%
Unley Gil Langley ALP 5.4%
Fairly safe
Mawson Don Hopgood ALP 6.3%
Norwood Don Dunstan ALP 7.2%
Henley Beach Glen Broomhill ALP 7.9%
Mitchell Ron Payne ALP 9.3%
Peake Don Simmons ALP 9.3%
Tea Tree Gully Molly Byrne ALP 9.4%
Safe
Mount Gambier Allan Burdon ALP 10.4%
Playford Terry McRae ALP 10.8%
Whyalla Max Brown ALP 12.5% v IND
Ascot Park Geoff Virgo ALP 13.2%
Elizabeth John Clark ALP 16.4%
Adelaide Sam Lawn ALP 17.3%
Albert Park Charles Harrison ALP 18.0%
Florey Charles Wells ALP 18.2%
Price John Ryan ALP 18.8%
Salisbury Reg Groth ALP 19.3%
Ross Smith Joe Jennings ALP 21.3%
Pirie Dave McKee ALP 24.6%
Semaphore Reg Hurst ALP 24.6%
Spence Ernie Crimes ALP 25.7%
Stuart Gavin Keneally ALP 26.0%
LCL SEATS (20)
Marginal
Hanson Heini Becker LCL 0.4%
Murray Ivon Wardle LCL 2.2%
Frome Ernest Allen LCL 4.2%
Light Bruce Eastick LCL 4.6%
Fairly Safe
Glenelg John Mathwin LCL 6.5%
Torrens John Coumbe LCL 6.6%
Gouger Steele Hall LCL 8.7%
Safe
Fisher Stan Evans LCL 11.8%
Mitcham Robin Millhouse LCL 15.0%
Flinders John Carnie LCL 15.1%
Kavel Roger Goldsworthy LCL 15.4% v NAT
Eyre Graham Gunn LCL 15.7%
Bragg David Tonkin LCL 16.9%
Heysen William McAnaney LCL 17.6%
Davenport Joyce Steele LCL 18.0%
Goyder James Ferguson LCL 19.7%
Rocky River Howard Venning LCL 20.3%
Alexandra David Brookman LCL 21.0%
Victoria Allan Rodda LCL 22.1%
Mallee Bill Nankivell LCL 24.2%

Legislative Council Results

There was no upper house vote at this election, so the numbers in the Council remained as before.

1968-1973 Legislative Council
Party Seats
  Liberal and Country League 16
  Australian Labor Party 4

See also

References

Specific
  1. ^ "Details of SA 1970 Election". Australian Politics and Elections Database.
1968 South Australian state election

The 1968 South Australian State election was held in South Australia on 2 March 1968. All 39 seats in the South Australian House of Assembly were up for election; 38 of the 39 contests were won by candidates from Australia's two major political parties. The incumbent Australian Labor Party (led by Premier of South Australia Don Dunstan) and the Liberal and Country League (led by Leader of the Opposition Steele Hall) both won 19 seats. The sole independent candidate to win a race, Tom Stott of the Ridley electorate, joined with the LCL's 19 seats to form a coalition government that held a 20 to 19 majority, thus defeating the Dunstan ALP government.

List of elections in 1970

The following elections occurred in the year 1970.

Chilean presidential election, 1970

Results of the 1970 South Australian state election (House of Assembly)

This is a list of House of Assembly results for the 1970 South Australian state election.

South Australian House of Assembly

The House of Assembly, or lower house, is one of the two chambers of the Parliament of South Australia. The other is the Legislative Council. It sits in Parliament House in the state capital, Adelaide.

Steele Hall

Raymond Steele Hall (born 30 November 1928) was the 36th Premier of South Australia 1968-70, a senator for South Australia 1974-77, and federal member for the Division of Boothby 1981-96.

Hall was a state parliamentarian from 1959 to 1974, serving as Liberal and Country League (LCL) leader from 1966 to 1972 and premier from 1968 to 1970. He introduced electoral reform, removing the Playmander which favoured the LCL, which contributed to his party's loss at the 1970 South Australian state election. In 1972 he founded the Liberal Movement (LM), and resigned from the LCL when the LM split from the LCL in 1973. He continued as a state parliamentarian until he resigned his seat in 1974 to be the LM's lead senate candidate at the 1974 Australian federal election.

Hall won a senate seat for the LM at both the 1974 and 1975 elections. After the LM disbanded in 1976 he rejoined the Liberal Party, as it was now called in South Australia, and he resigned from the senate in 1977 to contest the seat of Hawker at the 1977 Federal election, but was unsuccessful. In 1981 he won the seat of Boothby at the 1981 by-election, and remained the Liberal member for Boothby until his retirement in 1996.

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