The 1970 Major League Baseball All-Star Game was the 41st midseason exhibition between the all-stars of the American League (AL) and the National League (NL), the two leagues comprising Major League Baseball. The game was played on the evening of July 14, 1970, at Riverfront Stadium in Cincinnati, Ohio, home of the Cincinnati Reds of the National League, and resulted in a 5–4 victory for the NL.
This was the first MLB All-Star Game ever played at night, coinciding with prime time in the Eastern United States. (The previous year's All-Star Game was originally scheduled to be played at night, but it was rained out and played the following afternoon.) Every All-Star Game since 1970 has been played at night.
Riverfront Stadium had barely been open two weeks when it hosted its first All-Star Game. The game was hosted by the Cincinnati Reds twice before (1938 and 1953) when their home park was Crosley Field. The Reds would host one more All-Star Game at Riverfront Stadium in 1988. So close was the opening of the stadium and the scheduled exhibition game, that Major League Baseball Commissioner Bowie Kuhn did not confirm that the game would "definitely" be played in Cincinnati until June 1. Atlanta was the alternative site.
Undeniably, the most remembered moment of the game was the final run, scored in the bottom of the twelfth by Pete Rose. The ball was relayed to the American League catcher, Ray Fosse, in time to tag Rose out, but the tenacious Rose bowled Fosse over. Both players were injured, Fosse enough to drop the ball, giving Rose credit for the game-winning run.
|1970 Major League Baseball All-Star Game|
|Date||July 14, 1970|
|MVP||Carl Yastrzemski (BOS)|
|Ceremonial first pitch||President Richard Nixon|
|TV announcers||Curt Gowdy, Tony Kubek and Mickey Mantle|
|Radio announcers||Jim Simpson and Sandy Koufax|
For the first time since 1957, Major League Baseball restored the selection of the eight position players on each All-Star team to the fans. Fan balloting had been revoked after ballot-stuffing campaigns over a number of years. To avoid a repeat of the problem, the 26 million ballots were evenly distributed to 75,000 retail outlets, and 150 minor and major league stadiums. Major League Baseball Commissioner Bowie Kuhn also announced a special panel would be in place to review voting to determine if ballot stuffing had occurred.
|C||Bill Freehan||Detroit Tigers|
|1B||Boog Powell||Baltimore Orioles|
|2B||Rod Carew||Minnesota Twins||injured|
|3B||Harmon Killebrew||Minnesota Twins|
|SS||Luis Aparicio||Chicago White Sox|
|OF||Frank Howard||Washington Senators|
|OF||Frank Robinson||Baltimore Orioles|
|OF||Carl Yastrzemski||Boston Red Sox|
|LH||Mike Cuellar||Baltimore Orioles||did not pitch|
|RH||Catfish Hunter||Oakland Athletics|
|LH||Sam McDowell||Cleveland Indians|
|LH||Dave McNally||Baltimore Orioles||did not pitch|
|RH||Jim Palmer||Baltimore Orioles||starting pitcher|
|RH||Jim Perry||Minnesota Twins|
|LH||Fritz Peterson||New York Yankees|
|RH||Mel Stottlemyre||New York Yankees|
|LH||Clyde Wright||California Angels|
|C||Ray Fosse||Cleveland Indians|
|C||Jerry Moses||Boston Red Sox||did not play|
|2B||Sandy Alomar||California Angels|
|2B||Davey Johnson||Baltimore Orioles||started for Carew|
|3B||Tommy Harper||Milwaukee Brewers|
|3B||Brooks Robinson||Baltimore Orioles|
|SS||Jim Fregosi||California Angels|
|OF||Willie Horton||Detroit Tigers|
|OF||Alex Johnson||California Angels|
|OF||Tony Oliva||Minnesota Twins|
|OF||Amos Otis||Kansas City Royals|
|OF||Roy White||New York Yankees||did not play|
|Manager||Earl Weaver||Baltimore Orioles|
|Coach||Ralph Houk||New York Yankees|
|Coach||Lefty Phillips||California Angels|
|C||Johnny Bench||Cincinnati Reds|
|1B||Dick Allen||St. Louis Cardinals|
|2B||Glenn Beckert||Chicago Cubs|
|3B||Tony Pérez||Cincinnati Reds|
|SS||Don Kessinger||Chicago Cubs|
|OF||Hank Aaron||Atlanta Braves|
|OF||Rico Carty||Atlanta Braves|
|OF||Willie Mays||San Francisco Giants|
|RH||Bob Gibson||St. Louis Cardinals|
|LH||Joe Hoerner||Philadelphia Phillies||did not pitch|
|LH||Jim Merritt||Cincinnati Reds|
|LH||Claude Osteen||Los Angeles Dodgers|
|RH||Gaylord Perry||San Francisco Giants|
|RH||Tom Seaver||New York Mets||starting pitcher|
|RH||Wayne Simpson||Cincinnati Reds||did not pitch|
|RH||Hoyt Wilhelm||Atlanta Braves||did not pitch|
|C||Dick Dietz||San Francisco Giants|
|C||Joe Torre||St. Louis Cardinals|
|1B||Jim Hickman||Chicago Cubs|
|1B||Willie McCovey||San Francisco Giants|
|2B||Denis Menke||Houston Astros|
|2B||Félix Millán||Atlanta Braves||injured|
|2B||Joe Morgan||Houston Astros|
|3B||Billy Grabarkewitz||Los Angeles Dodgers|
|SS||Bud Harrelson||New York Mets|
|OF||Roberto Clemente||Pittsburgh Pirates|
|OF||Cito Gaston||San Diego Padres|
|OF||Pete Rose||Cincinnati Reds|
|OF||Rusty Staub||Montréal Expos|
|Manager||Gil Hodges||New York Mets|
|Coach||Leo Durocher||Chicago Cubs|
|Coach||Lum Harris||Atlanta Braves|
While the starters were elected by the fans, the batting orders and starting pitchers were selected by the managers.
|American League||National League|
|1||Luis Aparicio||Chicago White Sox||SS||1||Willie Mays||San Francisco Giants||CF|
|2||Carl Yastrzemski||Boston Red Sox||CF||2||Dick Allen||St. Louis Cardinals||1B|
|3||Frank Robinson||Baltimore Orioles||RF||3||Hank Aaron||Atlanta Braves||RF|
|4||Boog Powell||Baltimore Orioles||1B||4||Tony Pérez||Cincinnati Reds||3B|
|5||Harmon Killebrew||Minnesota Twins||3B||5||Rico Carty||Atlanta Braves||LF|
|6||Frank Howard||Washington Senators||LF||6||Johnny Bench||Cincinnati Reds||C|
|7||Davey Johnson||Baltimore Orioles||2B||7||Don Kessinger||Chicago Cubs||SS|
|8||Bill Freehan||Detroit Tigers||C||8||Glenn Beckert||Chicago Cubs||2B|
|9||Jim Palmer||Baltimore Orioles||P||9||Tom Seaver||New York Mets||P|
|Home Plate||Al Barlick (NL)|
|First Base||John Rice (AL)|
|Second Base||Frank Secory (NL)|
|Third Base||Bill Haller (AL)|
|Left Field||Frank Dezelan (NL)|
|Right Field||Russ Goetz (AL)|
Scoring opened in the top of the sixth inning for the AL, with Gaylord Perry pitching in relief for the NL. Ray Fosse singled, and advanced to second on a sacrifice bunt by Sam McDowell. Two batters later, with one out, Carl Yastrzemski singled home Fosse to give the AL a 1–0 lead.
The American League added another run in the top of the seventh inning. With one out, Brooks Robinson singled. Tony Oliva walked, with Robinson advancing to second base. Davey Johnson singled to load the bases. Ray Fosse then hit a sacrifice fly, allowing Robinson to score, pushing the AL advantage to 2–0.
The NL answered in the bottom of the seventh inning. Jim Perry had entered to pitch in relief for the AL, and gave up a single to Bud Harrelson to start the inning. Cito Gaston walked, sending Harrelson to second base. Jim Perry then hit Denis Menke with a pitch to load the bases. Willie McCovey, pinch hitting for Gaylord Perry, grounded into a double play, permitting Harrelson to score and cutting the AL lead to 2–1.
The AL increased their lead in the top of the eighth inning. With one out, Carl Yastrzemski and Willie Horton hit back-to-back singles, putting runners at first and second bases. Amos Otis flew out, permitting Yastrzemski to tag up and move to third. Brooks Robinson tripled, scoring Yastrzemski and Horton. The AL now led 4–1.
In the bottom of the ninth inning, Catfish Hunter entered to pitch in relief for the AL, and promptly gave up a home run to Dick Dietz. Bud Harrelson singled. One batter later, with one out, Joe Morgan singled, sending Harrelson to second base. Fritz Peterson entered to relieve Hunter. The first batter he faced, Willie McCovey, singled, scoring Harrelson, and moving Morgan to third base. Mel Stottlemyre was sent in to relieve Peterson, as Roberto Clemente was sent to pinch hit for the pitcher, Bob Gibson. Clemente hit a sacrifice fly, permitting Morgan to score. The inning ended with Pete Rose striking out. The 4–4 score sent the game to extra innings.
In the bottom of the twelfth, NL batters were facing Clyde Wright, in his second inning of relief pitching for the AL. With two outs, Pete Rose and Billy Grabarkewitz hit back-to-back singles to put runners on first and second bases. Jim Hickman singled to Amos Otis in center field. Otis fired the ball to catcher Ray Fosse as Pete Rose ran past third base, heading to home. Otis' throw was on target on the third base side of home plate, and arrived as Rose reached Fosse. Rose bowled over Fosse, forcing him to drop the ball. Rose scored to end the game.
|WP: Claude Osteen (1-0) LP: Clyde Wright (0-1)|
NL: Dick Dietz (1)
Twenty-three-year-old Ray Fosse suffered a fractured and separated left shoulder when Pete Rose collided with him on the last play of the game. The damage was not immediately noticed in X-rays taken that evening. While he continued playing for about a month, by his own admission, he never regained his swing and never returned to the level of play that he played at before the injury. In a 1999 San Francisco Chronicle interview, he demonstrated that he still could not lift his left arm, and suffers from arthritis as a result of the injury.
This was the NL's eighth consecutive win. The AL would end the streak next year.
Prior to this year, the award given to the MVP of the game had been called the Arch Ward Memorial Award. Starting this year, the award would be called the Commissioner's Trophy. It would be restored to its original name in 1982 before being renamed for Ted Williams in 2002.
The 1970 Cincinnati Reds season consisted of the Reds winning the National League West title with a record of 102–60, 14½ games ahead of the runner-up Los Angeles Dodgers. The Reds defeated the Pittsburgh Pirates in three straight games in the 1970 National League Championship Series to win their first National League pennant since 1961. The team then lost to the Baltimore Orioles in the 1970 World Series in five games.
The Reds were managed by first-year manager George "Sparky" Anderson and played their home games at Crosley Field during the first part of the year, before moving into the then-new Riverfront Stadium on June 30.1970 Los Angeles Dodgers season
In 1970, Los Angeles Dodgers owner Walter O'Malley stepped down as team president, turning the reins over to his son Peter, while remaining as the team's chairman. The Dodgers remained competitive, finishing the season in second place, 14½ games behind the NL Champion Cincinnati Reds in the National League West.1970 Montreal Expos season
The 1970 Montreal Expos season was the second season in the history of the franchise. The Expos finished in last place in the National League East with a record of 73–89, 16 games behind the Pittsburgh Pirates.1970 Philadelphia Phillies season
The 1970 Philadelphia Phillies season was the 88th season for the franchise in Philadelphia. The Phillies finished in fifth place in the National League East with a record of 73–88, 151⁄2 games behind the Pittsburgh Pirates. The Phillies were playing their final season of home games at Connie Mack Stadium, before moving into their new facility, Veterans Stadium, at the start of the following season.1970 Pittsburgh Pirates season
The 1970 Pittsburgh Pirates season resulted in the team winning their first National League East title with a record of 89–73, five games ahead of the Chicago Cubs. However, they lost the NLCS to the NL West Champion Cincinnati Reds, three games to none.
The Pirates were managed by Danny Murtaugh and played their home games at Forbes Field during the first part of the year, before moving into the brand new Three Rivers Stadium on July 16. Coinciding with their move, the Pirates became the first major league team to adopt pullover jerseys and sans-a-belt pants for their uniforms, a style copied by a majority of MLB for the next two decades and which the Pirates themselves would wear through the 1990 season.1970 San Diego Padres season
The 1970 San Diego Padres season was the second season in franchise history.1970 St. Louis Cardinals season
The 1970 St. Louis Cardinals season was the team's 89th season in St. Louis, Missouri, and the 79th season in the National League. The Cardinals went 76–86 during the season and finished fourth in the National League East, 13 games behind the Pittsburgh Pirates. The season was also the first of 26 seasons for AstroTurf at Busch Memorial Stadium.1971 Major League Baseball All-Star Game
The 1971 Major League Baseball All-Star Game, the 42nd such game, was played on July 13, 1971. The all-stars from the American League and the National League faced each other at Tiger Stadium, home of the Detroit Tigers. The American League won by a score of 6–4.This was the third time that the Tigers had hosted the All-Star Game (at the previous two in 1941 and 1951, Tiger Stadium had been called Briggs Stadium). This would be the last time Tiger Stadium hosted the All-Star Game, as when it returned to Detroit in 2005, the Tigers had moved to their new home at Comerica Park.
This was the first American League win since the second All-Star Game of 1962, and would be their last until the 54th All-Star Game in 1983. Over the twenty game stretch from 1963–1982, the American League would go 1–19; the worst stretch for either league in the history of the exhibition.Alex Johnson
Alexander Johnson (December 7, 1942 – February 28, 2015) was an American professional baseball outfielder, who played in Major League Baseball (MLB), from 1964 to 1976, for the Philadelphia Phillies, St. Louis Cardinals, Cincinnati Reds, California Angels, Cleveland Indians, Texas Rangers, New York Yankees, and Detroit Tigers. He was the National League Comeback Player of the Year in 1968 and an American League All-Star and batting champion in 1970. His brother, Ron, was an NFL running back, most notably for the New York Giants.Blocking the plate
In baseball, blocking the plate is a technique performed by a catcher to prevent a runner from scoring. The act of blocking the plate accounted for most of the physical contact in Major League Baseball prior to the 2014 season, when it was outlawed except when the catcher already has possession of the ball.
By the rules of baseball, a runner has the right to an unobstructed path to a base. However, this right is not granted if the fielder guarding the base possesses the ball or is in the process of catching the ball. The fielders guarding first base through third base are unlikely to risk physical harm and will generally place themselves out of the path of the runner. The catcher guarding home plate, however, wears padding and a face mask and often placed his body as an obstacle between the runner and home plate, even prior to receiving the ball. Since the runner did not have to worry about remaining on home plate, only tagging it, he typically ran at full speed in an effort to reach the plate. The speed of the runner combined with the fact that the catcher still had to tag him (unless the bases were loaded and a force play at home was still available) often resulted in collisions.
Since the 1970 Major League Baseball All-Star Game, there have been rules established, mainly in amateur levels of baseball, against home plate collisions between runners and catchers to make the obstruction (defense) and interference (offense) rules consistent at the plate with the three bases. The rules, long enforced at lower levels, were implemented at the professional level in 2014.Jim Merritt
James Joseph Merritt (born December 9, 1943) is a former left-handed Major League Baseball pitcher.Riverfront Stadium
Riverfront Stadium, also known as Cinergy Field from 1996 to 2002, was a multi-purpose stadium in Cincinnati, Ohio, United States that was the home of the Cincinnati Reds of Major League Baseball from 1970 through 2002 and the Cincinnati Bengals of the National Football League from 1970 to 1999. Located on the Ohio River in downtown Cincinnati, the stadium was best known as the home of "The Big Red Machine", as the Reds were often called in the 1970s.
Construction began on February 1, 1968, and was completed at a cost of less than $50 million. On June 30, 1970, the Reds hosted the Atlanta Braves in their grand opening, with Hank Aaron hitting the first ever home run at Riverfront. Two weeks later on July 14, 1970, Riverfront hosted the 1970 Major League Baseball All-Star Game. This game is best remembered for the often-replayed collision at home plate between Reds star Pete Rose and catcher Ray Fosse of the Cleveland Indians.
In September 1996, Riverfront Stadium was renamed "Cinergy Field" in a sponsorship deal with Greater Cincinnati energy company Cinergy. In 2001, to make room for Great American Ball Park, the seating capacity at Cinergy Field was reduced to 39,000. There was a huge in-play wall in center field visible after the renovations, to serve as the batter's eye. The stadium was demolished by implosion on December 29, 2002.Wayne Simpson
Wayne Kirby Simpson (December 2, 1948), is a former professional baseball player who pitched in the Major Leagues from 1970–75 and in 1977. He played for the Cincinnati Reds, Kansas City Royals, Philadelphia Phillies, and California Angels. Hank Aaron got his 3,000th career hit off Simpson.In 1967, as a high school senior at Centennial High School in Compton, CA, Simpson was drafted in the first round in the June MLB draft by the Cincinnati Reds with the 8th overall pick. Simpson at 6-foot-3, 220 pounds, was a big, hard thrower, but his minor league seasons were plagued by wildness. In three minor league seasons, Simpson had 298 walks, 66 wild pitches, and hit 26 batters in just 432 total innings pitched.
In the spring of 1970, the Reds tinkered with Simpson's delivery, which helped reign in some wildness. Simpson also had the luxury of working with Gold Glove winning catcher Johnny Bench. Simpson not only made the team as a 21 year old rookie in 1970, he was a revelation. After going 7–13 in 1969 for the Reds' Triple A farm team in Indianapolis, Simpson was almost unbeatable for the Reds. He began the year by winning 13 of his first 14 decisions (the loss came when a dropped pop fly allowed two unearned runs), including tossing a one-hitter, a two-hitter, and a three-hitter, in helping the Reds to a 70–30 start. Simpson was the only rookie pitcher selected for the 1970 Major League Baseball All-Star Game, though he didn't pitch due to elbow pain.
In the days before young pitchers were kept on strict "pitch counts," Simpson often threw a high number of pitches per game, (100–130). Though he was more consistently around the plate than he was as a minor leaguer, Simpson still averaged about four walks and six strikeouts per nine innings. His earned run average stayed below 3.00 for most of the season. Simpson had 14 wins by July 26. He began to suffer from arm soreness, which limited him to a pair of appearances after that, before it was discovered he had ligament damage. The Cincinnati Reds made it to the World Series in 1970, but Simpson did not pitch in the postseason. He finished the season with a 14–3 record and a 3.02 earned run average.
Simpson's injury predated, by four years, the Tommy John surgery ligament replacement procedure that has helped major league pitchers effectively recover from such an injury. Simpson pitched another six seasons in the majors after his brilliant rookie season, but was never able to regain the same velocity and effectiveness.
Simpson has the highest Game Score (85) in Reds history for a pitching debut, April 9, 1970.
|Results and Awards|
² — Two All-Star Games were played these seasons. Italics indicate future games.
1970 MLB season by team
|AL Division Series|
|NL Division Series|