1965 FA Cup Final

The 1965 FA Cup Final was an association football match between Liverpool and Leeds United on 1 May 1965 at Wembley Stadium, London. It was the final match of the 1964–65 FA Cup, the 93rd season of England's primary cup competition, the Football Association Challenge Cup, better known as the FA Cup. Liverpool were appearing in their third final, they had lost the previous two in 1914 and 1950, while Leeds were appearing in their first.

Both teams entered the competition in the third round. The majority of Liverpool's matches were close affairs, they did not score more than two goals in any of their matches and this was also their biggest margin of victory. Leeds' matches ranged from close affairs to comfortable victories. They won their third round tie against Stockport County 3–0, while they beat Manchester United 1–0 in a semi-final replay following a 0–0 draw in the initial match.

Watched by a crowd of 100,000, the first 90 minutes of the match were goalless as both sides struggled to create goalscoring chances. Liverpool defender Gerry Byrne broke his collarbone early in the match but carried on as there were no substitutes. He was involved in the opening goal in extra time. Byrne found striker Roger Hunt in the 93rd minute, with a cross from the right-hand side of the pitch, which Hunt headed into the Leeds goal to give Liverpool the lead. Leeds equalised seven minutes later when Billy Bremner scored. However, Liverpool regained the lead in the 117th minute when striker Ian St. John headed in a pass from Ian Callaghan. Liverpool won the match 2–1 to win the FA Cup for the first time.

Liverpool manager Bill Shankly was delighted with his team's victory and hailed it as his greatest moment in management. His Leeds counterpart, Don Revie, conceded Liverpool had been the better team, but was determined to make amends the following season. The national media was critical of the final, labelling it 'boring'.

1965 FA Cup Final
1965 FA Cup Final programme
Match programme cover
Event1964–65 FA Cup
Liverpool Leeds United
2 1
Date1 May 1965
VenueWembley Stadium, London
RefereeWilliam Clements (Birmingham)
Attendance100,000

Route to the final

Liverpool

Round Opponents Score
3rd West Bromwich Albion (a) 2–1
4th Stockport County (h) 1–1
Stockport County (a) 2–0
5th Bolton Wanderers (a) 1–0
6th Leicester City (a) 0–0
Leicester City (h) 1–0
SF Chelsea (n) 2–0

Liverpool entered the competition in the third round, where they were drawn with West Bromwich Albion. Roger Hunt gave Liverpool the lead in the match held at West Bromwich's home ground, The Hawthorns, in the 44th minute. They extended their lead in the 63rd minute when Ian St. John scored. West Bromwich were awarded a penalty in the 77th minute, after Liverpool defender Ron Yeats handled the ball, thinking the referee had blown for a free-kick. Cram missed the subsequent penalty, but West Bromwich scored three minutes later through Jeff Astle. However, they were unable to score a second and Liverpool won 2–1 to progress to the fourth round.[1] Stockport County were the opposition in the fourth round. The match, at Anfield, finished 1–1, Gordon Milne equalised for Liverpool after Len White had given Stockport the lead in the 18th minute.[2] Liverpool won the replay, at Edgeley Park, 2–0 courtesy of two goals from Hunt.[3]

Bolton Wanderers were the opposition in the fifth round. The match at Bolton's home ground, Burnden Park, remained goalless until the 85th minute when Liverpool midfielder Ian Callaghan scored. The goal caused the Liverpool fans behind the goal to surge forward, which resulted in the collapse of a wooden railing. There were no serious injuries and the referee continued with the match, which Liverpool won 1–0, to progress to the sixth round.[4] They faced Leicester City in the sixth round. Despite chances for both teams throughout the match at Filbert Street, neither team scored and the match finished 0–0.[5] The match was replayed at Anfield four days later, which Liverpool won 1–0 when Hunt scored in the 72nd minute.[6]

Liverpool opponents in the semi-final at Villa Park were Chelsea. Before the match, Liverpool manager Bill Shankly found a brochure designed for Chelsea's appearance in the final should they win. He pinned it on the team's dressing room wall and told his players to "stuff those wee cocky south buggers."[7] The first half was goalless, but Liverpool opened the scoring in the 63rd minute when Peter Thompson scored. A penalty by Willie Stevenson, secured a 2–0 victory for Liverpool and their place in the final.[8]

Leeds United

Round Opponents Score
3rd Southport (h) 5–3
4th Everton (h) 1–1
Everton (a) 2–1
5th Shrewsbury Town (h) 2–0
6th Crystal Palace (a) 3–0
SF Manchester United (n) 0–0
Manchester United (n) 1–0

Leeds entered the competition in the third round and were drawn against Fourth Division team Southport. Jimmy Greenhoff opened the scoring for Leeds in the 26th minute at their home ground, Elland Road. Albert Johanneson added a second in the 81st minute and Terry Cooper scored a third before the end of the match to secure a 3–0 win for Leeds. Everton were the opposition in the fourth round. The match finished 1–1 at Elland Road, with Jim Storrie scoring Leeds' goal in the 50th minute. A replay was held at Everton's home ground, Goodison Park, three days later. Goals from Don Weston and Jack Charlton secured a 2–1 victory for Leeds and progression to the fifth round.

Shrewsbury Town were the opposition in the fifth round. Leeds won 2–0 at Elland Road, courtesy of goals from Johnny Giles and Albert Johanneson to secure their passage to the sixth round. Their opposition was Crystal Palace, in a match played at their home ground, Selhurst Park. Leeds won 3–0 with two goals from Alan Peacock and one from Storrie. Local rivals Manchester United were the opposition in the semi-finals. Neither side was able to score in a fiery match at Hillsborough, which The Guardian referred to as "a sordid shambles that would have been flattered by being played on an ashpit."[9] The match was replayed a few days later at the City Ground. The match was goalless until the 89th minute when Bremner headed in a free-kick by Giles to secure a 1–0 victory for Leeds.[10] The replay was not without incident, following the end of the match, hundreds of fans ran onto the pitch. A 16-year-old Manchester United supporter knocked the referee Dick Windle unconscious; he was subsequently caught and handed in to the police.[9]

Background

Old Wembley Stadium (external view)
The final was held at Wembley Stadium.

The match was Liverpool's third appearance in the final. They had reached the final in 1914, when they lost 1–0 to Burnley and in 1950, when they were beaten 2–0 by Arsenal. Leeds were appearing in their first final, the furthest they had reached before was the quarter-finals of the 1949–50 FA Cup, when they lost to Arsenal.[10] The two previous meetings between the teams during the season resulted in a win each. Leeds won the first match 4–2 in August, at Elland Road.[11] The return fixture at Anfield was won 2–1 by Liverpool.[12]

Liverpool played Wolverhampton Wanderers a week before the final in their last match of the 1964–65 Football League First Division. Shankly rested most of the first-choice players, but Liverpool still won the match 3–1, with goals from Geoff Strong, John Sealey and Alf Arrowsmith, the victory meant they finished the season in seventh place.[13] Leeds went into their final match of the league season with a chance of winning the championship. However, they drew their match with Birmingham City 3–3, which meant they were level on points with Manchester United, who had a match remaining. As United had a superior goal average only a defeat of 17–0 or greater would result in Leeds being champions. United lost 2–1 to Aston Villa in their final match and won the title by a goal average of 0.686.[14]

Liverpool manager Bill Shankly was complimentary of Leeds United in the build-up to the final, stating: "Our opponents, Leeds United, have proved themselves beyond doubt to be a great team, clearly the whole set up at Leeds is one of the finest. But the better the opposition, the better we play."[15] Liverpool's coach was caught in heavy traffic on the way to Wembley Stadium and there was a possibility that the start of the final would have to be delayed. However, they managed to organise an escort when a police motorcycle was spotted and arrived in time for the kick-off.[16] Midfielder Gordon Milne was injured in the days before the final and would miss the match, he was expected to be replaced by Geoff Strong.[17]

Leeds midfielder Albert Johanneson would become the first black player to play in an FA Cup final. However, before walking out onto the pitch Johanneson suffered racial abuse: “When we walked out, all I could hear was a cacophony of Zulu-like noises coming from the terraces. It was dreadful, I could barely hear myself think for those screams. I wanted to run back down the tunnel."[18]

Match

First half

Both teams started with a 4–4–2 formation and it was Liverpool that kicked the final off.[19] Five minutes into the match, Liverpool defender Gerry Byrne and Leeds captain Bobby Collins collided, which resulted in Byrne breaking his collarbone. As substitutions were not allowed, Byrne decided to continue playing. He was unaware of the extent of his injury, as manager Shankly decided against telling him.[17] The first action of the match was from a Liverpool free-kick, which Willie Stevenson played into the Leeds penalty area. Leeds goalkeeper Gary Sprake and defender Jack Charlton did not deal with it and it went out of play for a Liverpool corner. Liverpool captain Ron Yeats headed the ball on from the corner and striker Ian St. John was close to reaching it, before it was gathered by Sprake.[20] Leeds were trying to get winger Albert Johanneson into the match, but a pass to him from Johnny Giles was intercepted by Liverpool defender Tommy Smith. He passed to Ian Callaghan, who advanced before passing to Stevenson, he and Smith exchanged passes before Stevenson passed to Callaghan, whose shot was saved by Sprake.[21]

Liverpool had another attack in the early minutes, but Strong's shot from distance deflected off Charlton for a corner. The opening sixteen minutes saw three Leeds players, Billy Bremner, Charlton and Jim Storrie require treatment as they struggled to impose themselves on the match.[22] Liverpool continued to press forward and an attack was thwarted when St. John was dispossessed by Collins, who passed the ball back to Sprake. Leeds striker Alan Peacock fouled Smith following Sprake's clearance and Liverpool were able to build another attack, but St. John's subsequent shot went wide of the Leeds goal.[23] Leeds had an attack in the eighteenth minute, but Bremner's pass to Paul Reaney was intercepted by Liverpool goalkeeper Tommy Lawrence. Leeds began to grow in confidence and minutes later, Collins had a chance, but his shot from 35 yards (32 m) went wide of the Liverpool goal.[24] Minutes later, Leeds had another chance to score. Callaghan nullified an attack from Willie Bell and the ball went out for a Leeds corner. However, Peacock's header from the corner went wide.[22]

Liverpool had another chance on 25 minutes. A pass from Callaghan into the Leeds Penalty area was missed by Sprake, but Giles managed to clear the ball before Liverpool striker Roger Hunt could reach it.[25] The game started to become scrappy, both sides struggled to find a way through their opposition defences and were misplacing passes. Three minutes before the end of the half, Liverpool had an attack. Strong passed to Smith, whose first touch caused the ball to bounce upwards, his subsequent shot went over the Leeds goal. A minute before the end of the half, Liverpool another chance, but Hunt's shot from 25 yards (23 m) was saved by Sprake.[26]

Second half

Ian St John (1966)
Ian St. John scored the winning goal for Liverpool in the 117th minute.

Early in the second half, Liverpool had a chance to score. Callaghan took a throw-in, which he threw to Lawler, his cross into the Leeds penalty area was met by Hunt, but his header went wide of the goal. Liverpool continued to pressure and only an interception from Bremner, before Stevenson could reach the ball, prevented a Liverpool goal. Leeds had a free-kick a few minutes later, but Giles' effort was saved by Lawrence. A few minutes later, St. John found Peter Thompson, who ran past Bremner and shot, but it was diverted wide by Sprake. The ball found dropped to Hunt, but his cross was gathered by the Leeds goalkeeper.[27]

Charlton received treatment midway throughout the second half after he ran into a photographer chasing an over-hit pass. Leeds had an attack soon after, but after Storrie received the ball from Bremner, his pass went behind the Liverpool goal.[27] Liverpool had more chances, but St. John slipped at the back post when a Callaghan cross was diverted towards him. Then Thompson saw a shot saved by Sprake. Leeds reacted to the increased pressure, by moving Bremner to centre-forward and Giles reverting to midfield. Johanneson switched positions with Storrie, moving from the right to the left.[27] Liverpool continued to press for a winner as the half drew to a close, but Thompson and Strong saw shots saved by Sprake.[27] Neither team managed to score before full-time and the match went to extra time, the first time this happened since the 1947 final.[17]

Extra time

It only took three minutes of extra time for the first goal to be scored. Thompson passed to Byrne, who cross was headed into the Leeds goal by Hunt.[28] Liverpool's lead was short-lived as Leeds equalised eight minutes later. Norman Hunter crossed the ball into the Liverpool penalty area from the left-hand side of the pitch. Charlton headed the ball down to Bremner, whose shot beat Lawrence in the Liverpool goal to level the score at 1–1.[29]

Liverpool pressed and Thompson forced Sprake into a number of saves. Leeds had another chance as Bremner had a shot saved by Lawrence after receiving the ball from Reaney. A few minutes later, Strong forced Sprake into a save, which resulted in a corner. St. John came close to scoring from the subsequent corner, but his shot went over the Leeds goal.[22] However, with three minutes of extra time remaining, St. John scored. Smith found Callaghan, who ran past two Leeds defenders, his cross into the Leeds penalty area was headed into the goal by St. John to give Liverpool a 2–1 lead.[29]

Details

Liverpool2–1
(a.e.t.)
Leeds United
Hunt Goal 93'
St. John Goal 117'
(Report) Bremner Goal 100'
Liverpool
Leeds United
GK 1 Scotland Tommy Lawrence
DF 2 England Chris Lawler
DF 3 England Gerry Byrne
MF 4 England Geoff Strong
DF 5 Scotland Ron Yeats (c)
MF 6 Scotland Willie Stevenson
MF 7 England Ian Callaghan
FW 8 England Roger Hunt
FW 9 Scotland Ian St. John
DF 10 England Tommy Smith
MF 11 England Peter Thompson
Manager:
Scotland Bill Shankly
GK 1 Wales Gary Sprake
DF 2 England Paul Reaney
DF 3 Scotland Willie Bell
MF 4 Scotland Billy Bremner
DF 5 England Jack Charlton
DF 6 England Norman Hunter
MF 7 Republic of Ireland Johnny Giles
FW 8 Scotland Jim Storrie
FW 9 England Alan Peacock
MF 10 Scotland Bobby Collins (c)
MF 11 South Africa Albert Johanneson
Manager:
England Don Revie

Match rules

  • 90 minutes.
  • 30 minutes of extra-time if necessary.
  • Replay if scores still level.

Post-match

Gerry Byrne
Gerry Byrne, pictured in 2006, played in the final, despite breaking his collarbone in the opening minutes.

Liverpool captain Yeats collected the trophy from Queen Elizabeth II in the Royal box at Wembley Stadium. The victory was the club's first in the competition. Liverpool manager Shankly was delighted with the result and hailed the achievement: "To think a team like Liverpool had never won the FA Cup was unbelievable, so many had prayed for it to happen over all the years, but it had never come to pass. So when we beat Leeds, the emotion was unforgettable."[30] Despite breaking his collarbone in the opening minutes, Liverpool defender Gerry Byrne completed the whole match. Shankly was full of praise for the defender stating: "Byrne was absolutely fantastic. He played the best game of his life." Byrne was concerned about collecting his medal, stating: "I was worried about going up to collect my medal, so many of our fans wanted to slap me on the back. I had to keep twisting and turning to avoid the congratulations."[19]

The final was criticised by the media, with both teams receiving flak. Ken Jones of The Mirror wrote, "Discipline was destroyed by tiredness, determination blunted by the pain of having to run some more. Behind the boredom was the failure of individuals like Leeds left winger Albert Johanneson and Liverpool left winger Peter Thompson, men who could and should have lifted the game with their talent."[31] The Times was slightly less critical of the match: "In spite of much lateral 'method' play it was a tense battle of human qualities. The opening half, in particular, was a quiet prelude. This was the careful shadow boxing that led up to a pulsating finish. Indeed, there was a certain hypnotic element about the whole thing. The fascination lay in trying to assess which side would first break the stalemate."[32]

Liverpool manager Bill Shankly was asked after the match whether Leeds United had failed during the season: "Failed? Second in the championship. Cup finalists. Ninety percent of managers would pray for 'failures' like that."[33] Leeds manager Don Revie was disappointed to lose, but praised his players' efforts in defeat: "There's no doubt about it, the better side won, but, at least the lads played their guts out for me.[19] He admitted it was disappointing to finish second in both the League and FA Cup: "It's a bit disappointing to finish second in both Cup and League, but we have had a wonderful first season back in Division One, and I am very pleased with the team." Captain Collins echoed his manager's sentiments: "We have had a great season, but lost both honours. We shall be having a go again next season."[34]

The Liverpool team were welcomed back to the city by approximately half a million people, as the open-top bus drove through the city to the town hall.[35] Three days after the final, Liverpool faced Italian team Internazionale in the first leg of the semi-finals of the 1964–65 European Cup. Before the match kicked off, Byrne and Gordon Milne paraded the FA Cup around the stadium. Liverpool won the match 3–1, but they did not perform as well in the second leg at the San Siro, as they lost 3–0 to exit the competition 4–3 on aggregate.[36]

Notes

  1. ^ Yates, Horace (10 January 1965). "Up and Over the First Hurdle Go Liverpool". Liverpool Daily Post.
  2. ^ Edwards, Leslie (31 January 1965). "Stockport Lead – Then Hold On For A Shock Replay". Liverpool Daily Post.
  3. ^ "Liverpool soon exert their authority". The Times. London. 4 February 1965.
  4. ^ "Moment of joy and confusion". Liverpool Echo. 21 February 1965.
  5. ^ McGhee, Frank (6 March 1965). "Nightmare that almost ended Wembley dream". Liverpool Echo.
  6. ^ Ellis, Mike (11 March 1965). "Anfield message – Kop for Cup". Liverpool Echo.
  7. ^ Murray, Scott (4 February 2011). "The Joy of Six: great Chelsea v Liverpool moments and matches". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 1 January 2016.
  8. ^ Charters, Michael (27 March 1965). "Wembley here we come". Liverpool Echo.
  9. ^ a b Hackett, Robin (22 September 2011). "First XI: The long story of Manchester United – Leeds United rivalry". en.espn.co.uk. ESPN. Retrieved 2 January 2016.
  10. ^ a b Wobschall, Leon (31 March 2015). "The momentous day United secured their first trip to Wembley". Yorkshire Evening Post. Retrieved 2 January 2016.
  11. ^ Yates, Horace (22 August 1964). "Champions humbled by a slick-moving Leeds". Liverpool Echo.
  12. ^ Horridge, Dave (3 September 1964). "A present for Boss – from Kop hero". Daily Mirror. London.
  13. ^ Charters, Michael (27 April 1965). "Shankly's reserves shatter Wolves". Liverpool Echo.
  14. ^ "Golden years:The tale of Manchester United's 20 titles". BBC Sport. 22 April 2013. Retrieved 2 January 2016.
  15. ^ Wilson 2013, p. 72.
  16. ^ Wilson 2013, pp. 75–76.
  17. ^ a b c Kelly 1988, p. 69.
  18. ^ McCourt, Ian (28 May 2015). "Albert Johanneson: first black player to play in the FA Cup final". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 2 January 2016.
  19. ^ a b c Jones, Don; Drury, Reg (2 May 1965). "Byrne and Milne both out". News of The World. London.
  20. ^ Wilson 2013, p. 86.
  21. ^ Wilson 2013, p. 88.
  22. ^ a b c Edwards, Leslie (2 May 1965). "Ee – Aye – Addio, The Reds Have Won The Cup". Liverpool Daily Post.
  23. ^ Wilson 2013, p. 93.
  24. ^ Wilson 2013, p. 94.
  25. ^ Wilson 2013, p. 96–97.
  26. ^ Wilson 2013, p. 98.
  27. ^ a b c d Wilson 2013, p. 105.
  28. ^ Yates, Horace (2 May 1965). "After 70 years of endeavour, Liverpool have written a glittering new page in their history". Liverpool Echo.
  29. ^ a b Hoby, Alan (2 May 1965). "A jewel of a ball – it was the beginning of the end". Daily Express. London.
  30. ^ Wilson 2013, p. 110.
  31. ^ Wilson 2013, pp. 111–112.
  32. ^ Wilson 2013, pp. 112–113.
  33. ^ Hutchings & Nawrat 1995, p. 64.
  34. ^ Holmes, Ken (2 May 1965). "Bryne–Injured Hero of Liverpool". News of the World. London.
  35. ^ Kelly 1988, p. 72.
  36. ^ Wilson 2013, pp. 113–114.

References

  • Hutchings, Steve; Nawrat, Chris (1995). The Sunday Times Illustrated History of Football: The Post-War Years. London: Chancellor Press. ISBN 1-85153-014-2.
  • Kelly, Stephen F. (1988). The Official Illustrated History of Liverpool FC: You'll Never Walk Alone. Queen Anne Press. ISBN 0-356-19594-5.
  • Wilson, Jonathan (2013). The Anatomy of Liverpool: A History in Ten Matches. London: Orion. ISBN 978-1-4091-2692-8.

External links

1964–65 FA Cup

The 1964–65 FA Cup was the 84th staging of the world's oldest football cup competition, the Football Association Challenge Cup, commonly known as the FA Cup. Liverpool won the competition for the first time (despite having reached two finals previously), beating Leeds United 2–1 after extra time in the final at Wembley.

Matches were scheduled to be played at the stadium of the team named first on the date specified for each round, which was always a Saturday. Some matches, however, might be rescheduled for other days if there were clashes with games for other competitions or the weather was inclement. If scores were level after 90 minutes had been played, a replay would take place at the stadium of the second-named team later the same week. If the replayed match was drawn further replays would be held until a winner was determined. If scores were level after 90 minutes had been played in a replay, a 30-minute period of extra time would be played.

Bill Shankly

William Shankly (2 September 1913 – 29 September 1981) was a Scottish football player and manager, who is best known for his time as manager of Liverpool. Shankly brought success to Liverpool, gaining promotion to the First Division and winning three League Championships and the UEFA Cup. He laid foundations on which his successors Bob Paisley and Joe Fagan were able to build by winning seven league titles and four European Cups in the ten seasons after Shankly retired in 1974.

Shankly came from a small Scottish mining community and was one of five brothers who played football professionally. He played as a ball-winning right-half and was capped twelve times for Scotland, including seven wartime internationals. He spent one season at Carlisle United before spending the rest of his career at Preston North End, with whom he won the FA Cup in 1938. His playing career was interrupted by his service in the Royal Air Force during the Second World War. He became a manager after he retired from playing in 1949, returning to Carlisle United. He later managed Grimsby Town, Workington and Huddersfield Town before moving to become Liverpool manager in December 1959.

Shankly took charge of Liverpool when they were in the Second Division and rebuilt the team into a major force in English and European football. He led Liverpool to the Second Division Championship to gain promotion to the top-flight First Division in 1962, before going on to win three First Division Championships, two FA Cups, four Charity Shields and one UEFA Cup. Shankly announced his surprise retirement from football a few weeks after Liverpool had won the 1974 FA Cup Final, having managed the club for 15 years, and was succeeded by his long-time assistant Bob Paisley. He led the Liverpool team out for the last time at Wembley for the 1974 FA Charity Shield. He died seven years later, aged 68.

Bobby Collins (footballer)

Robert Young "Bobby" Collins (16 February 1931 – 13 January 2014) was a Scotland international football player, best known for his successful spells at Celtic, Everton and Leeds United.

Bobby Graham (footballer)

Bobby Graham (born 22 November 1944) is a Scottish retired professional footballer who played for Liverpool during the 1960s.

Ee Aye Addio

A traditional British celebratory football crowd song.

The usual format is:

:"We've won the cup, we've won the cup, ee aye addio, we've won the cup".

Variations are often made up on the spur of the moment.

The song perhaps first gained a wider audience at the 1965 FA Cup final at Wembley Stadium, when the singing by supporters of Liverpool F.C. was broadcast on TV and radio. Noticing the Queen had a red jacket on (Liverpool's team colours), the words were hastily changed to "Ee aye addio, the Queen's wearing red!".The origin of the song lies in the traditional British nursery rhyme “The Farmer's in his Den”.

Gerry Byrne (footballer, born 1938)

Gerald Byrne (29 August 1938 – 28 November 2015) was an English footballer who spent his entire playing career at Liverpool Football Club.

History of Liverpool F.C. (1959–1985)

The history of Liverpool Football Club from 1959 to 1985 covers the period from the appointment of Bill Shankly as manager of the then Second Division club, to the Heysel Stadium disaster and its aftermath.

Overhauling the team during his first year at Liverpool, Shankly released 24 players and converted a boot storage room into a meeting place where he and his coaches discussed strategy. They won the 1961–62 Second Division title and were promoted to the First Division. Two seasons later, Liverpool won their first League title since 1946–47, thereby qualifying for Liverpool's first participation in UEFA competition. The following season, Liverpool won their first FA Cup. Further League titles followed in 1965–66 and 1972–73. 1973 brought their first European trophy, the 1972-73 UEFA Cup. The following season, Shankly's last, they won the FA Cup again.

Shankly's assistant Bob Paisley took over in 1974. His first season in charge was trophiless before winning the League title and UEFA Cup the following season. Three European Cups and four League titles followed before Paisley retired at the end of 1982–83. His assistant, Joe Fagan, took over.

Liverpool won a trophy treble during Fagan's first season as manager, winning the League title for the third straight year, the Football League Cup for the fourth straight year and a fourth European Cup. The following season, the club was involved in one of the worst football stadium disasters. Before the start of the 1985 European Cup Final versus Juventus, Liverpool fans breached a fence separating the two groups of supporters, and charged the Juventus fans. The resulting weight of people caused a retaining wall to collapse, killing 39 mostly Italians fans. This tragedy, the Heysel Stadium disaster, caused a five-year UEFA competition expulsion of English clubs.

Ian St John

Ian St John (born 7 June 1938) is a former footballer who played for Scotland 21 times and for Liverpool throughout most of the 1960s as a stalwart member of the team that won several major championships and was runners-up for several more. He later became a manager and pundit. In 2008, he was inducted into the Scottish Football Hall of Fame.

Jack Taylor (referee)

John Keith Taylor (21 April 1930 – 27 July 2012) was an English football referee, famous for officiating in the 1974 FIFA World Cup Final during which he awarded two penalties in the first 30 minutes. The first of these penalty kicks, awarded after just a minute of play, created World Cup history – it was the first penalty kick ever awarded in a World Cup final.

Jim Storrie

James Storrie (31 March 1940 – 11 November 2014) was a Scottish professional footballer and manager, best known as a centre forward who helped Leeds United gain promotion in 1964 to the First Division.

List of Leeds United F.C. managers

Leeds United appointed Marcelo Bielsa as their manager on 15th June 2018, having sacked their 10th manager in the past 5 seasons on 1st June 2018. The following is a list of managers of Leeds United Association Football Club and their major honours from the beginning of the club's official managerial records in 1919 to the present day. Each manager's entry includes the dates of his tenure and the club's overall competitive record (in terms of matches won, drawn and lost) and honours won while under his care. As of 15th June 2018, Leeds United have had 37 full-time managers. There have also been nine caretaker managers, three of whom had previously occupied the role on a full-time basis, and one of whom has occupied the role three times.

The most successful person to manage Leeds United is Don Revie, who won two League Championships, two Inter-Cities Fairs Cups, one Division Two Championship, one FA Cup, one League Cup and one Charity Shield in his 13-year reign as manager. He is also the club's longest-serving manager, presiding over a total of 740 games from 1961 to 1974.

Ronnie Moran

Ronald Moran (28 February 1934 – 22 March 2017) was a Liverpool captain and coach who twice served as caretaker manager in the early 1990s.

Having spent his entire playing career at the club, he then became a member of the Boot Room coaching staff with Bill Shankly, Bob Paisley, Joe Fagan and Reuben Bennett, and was the club's longest-serving employee when he retired in 1998.

Moran died on 22 March 2017, at the age of 83, as a Liverpool legend.

Tommy Lawrence

Thomas Johnstone Lawrence (14 May 1940 – 10 January 2018) was a Scottish professional footballer, who played as a goalkeeper for Liverpool and Tranmere Rovers from the 1950s to the 1970s. Lawrence played in three full internationals for Scotland during the 1960s.

Tommy Smith (footballer, born 1945)

Thomas Smith (5 April 1945 – 12 April 2019) was an English footballer, who played as a defender at Liverpool for 16 years from 1962 to 1978. Known for his uncompromising defensive style, manager Bill Shankly once said of him: "Tommy Smith wasn't born, he was quarried". A central defender for most of his career, Smith's most memorable moment for the club probably came when he scored Liverpool's second goal in the 1977 European Cup Final against Borussia Mönchengladbach. Smith played once for England in 1971, and also played at club level for Tampa Bay Rowdies, Los Angeles Aztecs and Swansea City.

You'll Never Walk Alone

"You'll Never Walk Alone" is a show tune from the 1945 Rodgers and Hammerstein musical Carousel.

In the second act of the musical, Nettie Fowler, the cousin of the protagonist Julie Jordan, sings "You'll Never Walk Alone" to comfort and encourage Julie when her husband, Billy Bigelow, the male lead, falls on his knife and dies after a failed robbery attempt. It is reprised in the final scene to encourage a graduation class of which Louise (Billy and Julie's daughter) is a member. The now invisible Billy, who has been granted the chance to return to Earth for one day in order to redeem himself, watches the ceremony and is able to silently motivate the unhappy Louise to join in the song.

The song is also sung at association football clubs around the world, where it is performed by a massed chorus of supporters on matchday; this tradition began at Liverpool F.C. after the chart success of the 1963 single of the song by the local Liverpool group Gerry and the Pacemakers.The song is the basis for a joke in The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy, when Eddie, the ship's computer, sings it to comfort the crew of the starship Heart of Gold while they are being chased by missiles (and succeeds only in annoying them).

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