1964 Winter Olympics

The 1964 Winter Olympics, officially known as the IX Olympic Winter Games (French: Les IXes Jeux olympiques d'hiver) (German: Olympische Winterspiele 1964), was a winter multi-sport event which was celebrated in Innsbruck, Austria, from January 29 to February 9, 1964. The Games included 1091 athletes from 36 nations, and the Olympic Torch was carried by Joseph Rieder,[1] a former alpine skier who had participated in the 1956 Winter Olympics.

The Games were affected by the deaths of Australian alpine skier Ross Milne and British luge slider Kazimierz Kay-Skrzypeski, during training, and by the deaths, three years earlier, of the entire US figure skating team and family members.

IX Olympic Winter Games
1964 Winter Olympics logo
Emblem of the 1964 Winter Olympics[a]
Host cityInnsbruck, Austria
Nations36
Athletes1,091 (892 men, 199 women)
Events34 in 6 sports (10 disciplines)
Opening29 January
Closing9 February
Opened by
Cauldron
StadiumBergisel
Winter
Squaw Valley 1960 Grenoble 1968
Summer
Rome 1960 Tokyo 1964

Host city selection

Innsbruck competed against Calgary, Canada, and Lahti, Finland, for the right to host the 1964 Winter Olympics. Here is the resulting vote count that occurred at the 55th IOC Session, in Munich, West Germany, on May 26, 1959:[2]

Games highlights

  • The games was opened by a concert performed by Vienna Philharmonic, under the baton of Karl Böhm. Beethoven's 7th Symphony and Mozart's 40th Symphony were performed in the opening concert.
  • Normally snowy Innsbruck was threatened by a lack of snow. The Austrian army carved out 20,000 ice bricks from a mountain top and transported them to the bobsled and luge runs. They also carried 40,000 cubic meters of snow to the Alpine skiing courses. The army packed down the slopes by hand and foot.[4] (A heavy snowfall occurred immediately after the Games.)[5]
  • Lidia Skoblikova won all of the women's speed skating events.
  • Italian bobsleigh pilot Eugenio Monti distinguished himself by helping Britain's Tony Nash and Robin Dixon to win the gold medals when he loaned them an axle bolt to replace one that was broken. The Italians took bronze, but Monti was honored as the first recipient of the Pierre de Coubertin medal for sportsmanship.
  • Egon Zimmermann of Austria took the gold medal in the men's downhill alpine skiing event.
  • In the 4 man bobsled, the Canadian team won the gold medal with a total winning time of 4:14.46.
  • Norway's Knut Johannesen won the men's 5,000m speed skating event in an Olympic record time of 7:38.40.
  • Klavdiya Boyarskikh of the USSR earned three gold medals in cross-country skiing and, on the men's side, Finnish Eero Mäntyranta won two and earned the nickname "Mr. Seefeld" after the venue because of his domination.
  • In alpine skiing, French sisters Christine and Marielle Goitschel finished first and second in both the slalom and the giant slalom.
  • Ski jumping gained a second event, and the sport of luge made its Olympic debut.
  • Politically, the Games were notable because East and West Germany entered a combined team for the last time.
  • For the first time the Closing Ceremonies were held at a different place than the Opening Ceremonies.

Medal winners

Medals were awarded in 34 events contested in 6 sports (10 disciplines).

Demonstration sport

Venues

Participating nations

36 nations sent athletes to compete in Innsbruck. India, Mongolia, and North Korea participated in the Winter Games for the first time. Athletes from West Germany (FRG) and East Germany (GDR) competed together as the United Team of Germany from 1956 to 1964.

Number of athletes by National Olympic Committees

Medal count

These are the top ten nations that won medals at these Games:

  *   Host nation (Austria)

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 Soviet Union118625
2 Austria*45312
3 Norway36615
4 Finland34310
5 France3407
6 United Team of Germany3339
7 Sweden3317
8 United States1247
9 Canada1113
10 Netherlands1102
Totals (10 nations)33372797

Prior fatalities

Two fatal events before the 1964 Winter Olympics affected the outcome and mood of the Games:

  • Australian alpine skier Ross Milne and British luge slider Kazimierz Kay-Skrzypeski died during training shortly before the Games. The organising committee said that Ross crashed into a tree during a training run. The IOC suggested that inexperience might have played a role in Ross's death. Manager John Wagner suggested that overcrowding played a role, saying that Milne had tried to slow down "on a spot which was not prepared for stopping or swinging" to avoid a crowd of contestants. His brother Malcolm Milne competed at the 1968 and 1972 Winter Olympics.
  • On February 15, 1961, the entire United States Figure Skating team and several family members, coaches, and officials were killed when Sabena Flight 548 crashed in Brussels, Belgium, en route to the World Championships in Prague. The accident caused the cancellation of the 1961 World Championships and necessitated the building of a new American skating program.

See also

Notes

Notes

  1. ^ The emblem represents the coat of arms of Innsbruck, which shows the bridge on the Inn River that connects the old town and the Hötting district.

Citations

  1. ^ "Olympic Winter Games Innsbruck 1964" (history), kiat.net, webpage: KIAT-Innsbruck Archived 2006-11-09 at the Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ the International Olympic Committee Vote History
  3. ^ "Past Olympic host city election results". GamesBids. Archived from the original on 17 March 2011. Retrieved 17 March 2011.
  4. ^ www.Olympic.org
  5. ^ "Athletes quit Olympics site". Spokane Daily Chronicle. (Washington). Associated Press. February 11, 1964. p. 15.

External links

Preceded by
Squaw Valley
Winter Olympics
Innsbruck

IX Olympic Winter Games (1964)
Succeeded by
Grenoble
1964 Winter Olympics medal table

The 1964 Winter Olympics, officially known as the IX Olympic Winter Games, was a multi-sport event held in Innsbruck, Austria, from 29 January to 9 February. A total of 1,091 athletes from 36 nations participated in 34 events in 6 sports over 10 disciplines. India, Mongolia, and North Korea made their first Winter Olympics appearances; the latter achieved a 3,000 metres speed skating medal through Han Pil-hwa's silver medal tie with Valentina Stenina.Soviet athlete Lidiya Skoblikova achieved four gold medals, winning more medals than any athlete.

Alpine skiing at the 1964 Winter Olympics

Alpine skiing at the 1964 Winter Olympics consisted of six events, held near Innsbruck, Austria, from January 30 to February 8, 1964.The men's downhill was held on Patscherkofel (above Igls), the other five events at Axamer Lizum.This was the first Olympics in which the finishing times were recorded in hundredths of a second, rather than tenths. It was the third and final Winter Olympics in which East and West Germany competed as the United Team of Germany. Mild weather led to a lack of snow, which was trucked in and packed down by the Austrian army.During a training run for the men's downhill at Patscherkofel on January 25, Ross Milne of Australia lost control and left the course; he hit a tree and later died of a head injury.The Winter Olympics returned to Innsbruck just 12 years later in 1976, after Denver returned its winning bid in November 1972 (Innsbruck was awarded the 1976 games in February 1973).

Austria at the 1964 Winter Olympics

Austria was the host nation of the 1964 Winter Olympics in Innsbruck.

Bobsleigh at the 1964 Winter Olympics – Four-man

Four-man bobsleigh at the 1964 Winter Olympics took place on 5 and 7 February at Bob und Rodelbahn Igls, Innsbruck, Austria. This event was last run at the 1956 Winter Olympics as bobsleigh was not part of the 1960 games.The winning athletes were those who posted the shortest total time over four separate runs. Canada were surprise gold medal winners, having first entered a bobsleigh team in a competitive event only 8 years previous. Favourites for the event were the Italians who finished in 3rd and 4th. Second place Austria never had an individual run which was quicker than third best, but their consistency earned them the silver medal.

Canada at the 1964 Winter Olympics

Canada competed at the 1964 Winter Olympics in Innsbruck, Austria. Canada has competed at every Winter Olympic Games.

Cross-country skiing at the 1964 Winter Olympics

At the 1964 Winter Olympics seven cross-country skiing events – four for men and three for women – were contested. The events began on 30 January 1964 in Seefeld, Austria. The women's 5 km race debuted at this Olympics.

Figure skating at the 1964 Winter Olympics

At the 1964 Winter Olympics, three figure skating events were contested.

Finland at the 1964 Winter Olympics

Finland competed at the 1964 Winter Olympics in Innsbruck, Austria.

France at the 1964 Winter Olympics

France competed at the 1964 Winter Olympics in Innsbruck, Austria.

Great Britain at the 1964 Winter Olympics

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland competed as Great Britain at the 1964 Winter Olympics in Innsbruck, Austria.

British luger Kazimierz Kay-Skrzypecki was killed on the Olympic course two weeks before the games.

Ice hockey at the 1964 Winter Olympics

The men's ice hockey tournament at the 1964 Winter Olympics in Innsbruck, Austria, was the 10th Olympic Championship, also serving as the 31st World Championships and the 42nd European Championships. The games were held at the Olympiahalle Innsbruck. The Soviet Union won its second Olympic gold medal, fourth World Championship and eighth European Championship. Canada, represented for the first time by a purpose built national team organized and coached by Father David Bauer, was shut out of the medals for the first time in Olympic ice hockey history—still in contention for the gold medal on the last day until a loss to the Soviets, the Canadians were controversially denied a bronze medal as the rules were hastily changed by the IIHF late in the final period of the final game, where the Czechoslovakians were being dramatically outscored by Sweden just minutes prior to the medals presentation.

Netherlands at the 1964 Winter Olympics

Athletes from the Netherlands competed at the 1964 Winter Olympics in Innsbruck, Austria.

Nordic combined at the 1964 Winter Olympics

Nordic combined at the 1964 Winter Olympics consisted of one event, held 2–3 February at Seefeld in Tirol.

Norway at the 1964 Winter Olympics

Norway competed at the 1964 Winter Olympics in Innsbruck, Austria.

Peter Kirby

Peter Kirby (born December 17, 1931) is a Canadian former bobsledder who competed in the mid-1960s. He won a gold medal in the four-man event at the 1964 Winter Olympics in Innsbruck. He was born in Montreal, Quebec.

Kirby also won a gold medal in the four-man event at the 1965 FIBT World Championships in St. Moritz. He worked as a geologist until his retirement.

Soviet Union at the 1964 Winter Olympics

The Soviet Union (USSR) competed at the 1964 Winter Olympics in Innsbruck, Austria.

Speed skating at the 1964 Winter Olympics

Speed skating at the 1964 Winter Olympics, was held from 30 January to 7 February. Eight events were contested at the Eisschnelllaufbahn Innsbruck.

Sweden at the 1964 Winter Olympics

Sweden participated at the 1964 Winter Olympics in Innsbruck, Austria, sending 57 representatives to compete in eight different events. The team finished seventh overall, winning seven medals including three golds. Five of the team's medals came from cross-country skiing and one each from speed skating and men's ice hockey.

United Team of Germany at the 1964 Winter Olympics

Athletes from East Germany (German Democratic Republic; GDR) and West Germany (Federal Republic of Germany; FRG) competed together as the United Team of Germany at the 1964 Winter Olympics in Innsbruck, Austria.

1964 Winter Olympics bidding result[3]
City Country Round 1
Innsbruck  Austria 48
Calgary  Canada 12
Lahti  Finland 1
Participating National Olympic Committees
IOC Country Athletes
EUA  United Team of Germany 96
USA  United States 89
AUT  Austria 83
SUI  Switzerland 72
URS  Soviet Union 69
ITA  Italy 61
NOR  Norway 58
SWE  Sweden 57
CAN  Canada 55
FIN  Finland 52
POL  Poland 51
JPN  Japan 47
TCH  Czechoslovakia 46
GBR  Great Britain 36
YUG  Yugoslavia 31
HUN  Hungary 28
ROM  Romania 27
FRA  France 24
PRK  North Korea 13
MGL  Mongolia 13
ARG  Argentina 12
BEL  Belgium 8
BUL  Bulgaria 7
KOR  South Korea 7
AUS  Australia 6
LIE  Liechtenstein 6
NED  Netherlands 6
ESP  Spain 6
CHI  Chile 5
ISL  Iceland 5
TUR  Turkey 5
IRN  Iran 4
LIB  Lebanon 4
GRE  Greece 3
DEN  Denmark 2
IND  India 1
Total 1091
Summer
Games
Winter
Games
Events at the 1964 Winter Olympics (Innsbruck)
Nations at the 1964 Winter Olympics in Innsbruck, Austria
Africa
America
Asia
Europe
Oceania
Venues of the 1964 Winter Olympics (Innsbruck)

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