The 1963 Labour Party leadership election was held following the death of Hugh Gaitskell, party leader since 1955. He died on 18 January 1963 and was succeeded (on a temporary basis) by deputy leader George Brown.
In 1963 the Labour leader was elected by the Parliamentary Labour Party (the members of the House of Commons in receipt of the Labour whip). To be elected the winning candidate required more than half the votes. If no candidate was elected in a ballot then the last placed candidate was eliminated and a new ballot held contested by the continuing candidates. This process, known as the exhaustive ballot, was repeated until a candidate was elected.
|Labour Party leadership election, 1963|
Three candidates were nominated.
An overall majority was required for election. The results of the ballots of Labour MPs were as follows:
|First ballot: 7 February 1963|
|Second ballot required|
As a result of the first ballot, Callaghan was eliminated. The remaining two candidates would face each other in a second ballot, seven days later.
|Second ballot: 14 February 1963|
|Harold Wilson elected|
Labour Party leadership elections were held in the following countries in 1963:
Labour Party (UK) leadership election, 1963
New Zealand Labour Party leadership election, 1963Leadership election
A leadership election is a political contest held in various countries by which the members of a political party determine who will be the leader of their party.
Generally, any political party can determine its own rules governing how and when a leadership election is to be held for that party. In the United Kingdom, for example:
Leadership elections are generally caused by the death or resignation of the incumbent (that is, the person already holding the post), although there are also formal and informal methods to remove a party's leader and thus trigger an election contest to find a replacement. There is, however, no common procedure whereby the main parties choose their leader.
A leadership election may be required at intervals set by party rules, or it may be held in response to a certain proportion of those eligible to vote expressing a lack of confidence in the current leadership. In the UK Conservative Party, for example, "a leadership election can be triggered by a vote of no confidence by Conservative MPs in their current leader".List of elections in 1963
The following elections occurred in 1963.
Argentine general election, 1963
Cardinal electors in Papal conclave, 1963
Chadian parliamentary election, 1963
Dutch general election, 1963
Greek legislative election, 1963
Honduran general election, 1963
Icelandic parliamentary election, 1963
Italian general election, 1963
Kenyan legislative election, 1963
Liberian general election, 1963
Mauritian general election, 1963
Nicaraguan general election, 1963
Norwegian local elections, 1963
Papal conclave, 1963
Philippine Senate election, 1963
Zanzibari general election, 1963