1963 Labour Party (UK) leadership election

The 1963 Labour Party leadership election was held following the death of Hugh Gaitskell, party leader since 1955. He died on 18 January 1963 and was succeeded (on a temporary basis) by deputy leader George Brown.

In 1963 the Labour leader was elected by the Parliamentary Labour Party (the members of the House of Commons in receipt of the Labour whip). To be elected the winning candidate required more than half the votes. If no candidate was elected in a ballot then the last placed candidate was eliminated and a new ballot held contested by the continuing candidates. This process, known as the exhaustive ballot, was repeated until a candidate was elected.

Labour Party leadership election, 1963
Red flag.svg
7–14 February 1963
  Harold Wilson (1967) George Brown, 1967 James Callaghan and James Chichester-Clark 1970 (cropped)
Candidate Harold Wilson George Brown James Callaghan
First ballot 115 (47.1%) 88 (36.1%) 41 (16.8%)
Second ballot 144 (58.3%) 103 (41.7%) Eliminated

Leader before election

George Brown (acting)
Hugh Gaitskell (elected)

Elected Leader

Harold Wilson

Candidates

Three candidates were nominated.

  1. Deputy Leader since 1960, George Brown (born 1914), was the MP for the Derbyshire constituency of Belper from 1945. Brown was popular in the party and stood for the continuation of Gaitskell's policies, but his colleagues were well aware of his propensity to drink excessive amounts of alcohol and behave in an erratic manner. Brown had been a junior minister before 1951.
  2. Shadow Chancellor of the Exchequer James Callaghan (born 1912), an Englishman who had represented part of the Welsh city of Cardiff since 1945, was a well regarded frontbencher. He sat for Cardiff South East in 1963. Callaghan had been a junior minister before 1951. Callaghan was also a Gaitskellite and his campaign split the vote of the right wing of the party.
  3. A former Bevanite, Shadow Foreign Secretary Harold Wilson (born 1916), had been the MP for the Lancashire constituencies of Ormskirk 1945-1950 and of Huyton since 1950. He had resigned from the cabinet of Clement Attlee in 1951 on the issue of prescription charges in the National Health Service. Wilson was the most credible alternative leader for the left, so he was persuaded to seek the party leadership in a 1960 challenge to Hugh Gaitskell. In that election he received 81 votes (35.37%). He was the only one of the three leadership candidates with cabinet experience.

Ballots

An overall majority was required for election. The results of the ballots of Labour MPs were as follows:

First ballot: 7 February 1963
Candidate Votes %
Harold Wilson 115 47.1
George Brown 88 36.1
James Callaghan 41 16.8
Majority 27 11.1
Turnout 244
Second ballot required

As a result of the first ballot, Callaghan was eliminated. The remaining two candidates would face each other in a second ballot, seven days later.

Second ballot: 14 February 1963
Candidate Votes %
Harold Wilson 144 58.3
George Brown 103 41.7
Majority 41 16.6
Turnout 247
Harold Wilson elected

References

  • Butler, David; Butler, Gareth (2000), Twentieth-Century British Political Facts 1900–2000 (8th ed.), Macmillan Press
  • Stenton, M.; Lees, S., eds. (1981), Who's Who of British Members of Parliament, Volume IV 1945–1979, Harvester Press
Labour Party leadership election, 1963

Labour Party leadership elections were held in the following countries in 1963:

Labour Party (UK) leadership election, 1963

New Zealand Labour Party leadership election, 1963

Leadership election

A leadership election is a political contest held in various countries by which the members of a political party determine who will be the leader of their party.

Generally, any political party can determine its own rules governing how and when a leadership election is to be held for that party. In the United Kingdom, for example:

Leadership elections are generally caused by the death or resignation of the incumbent (that is, the person already holding the post), although there are also formal and informal methods to remove a party's leader and thus trigger an election contest to find a replacement. There is, however, no common procedure whereby the main parties choose their leader.

A leadership election may be required at intervals set by party rules, or it may be held in response to a certain proportion of those eligible to vote expressing a lack of confidence in the current leadership. In the UK Conservative Party, for example, "a leadership election can be triggered by a vote of no confidence by Conservative MPs in their current leader".

List of elections in 1963

The following elections occurred in 1963.

Argentine general election, 1963

Cardinal electors in Papal conclave, 1963

Chadian parliamentary election, 1963

Dutch general election, 1963

Greek legislative election, 1963

Honduran general election, 1963

Icelandic parliamentary election, 1963

Italian general election, 1963

Kenyan legislative election, 1963

Liberian general election, 1963

Mauritian general election, 1963

Nicaraguan general election, 1963

Norwegian local elections, 1963

Papal conclave, 1963

Philippine Senate election, 1963

Zanzibari general election, 1963

Premierships
General elections
Party elections
Constituencies
Resignation Honours
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