The 1962 FIFA World Cup was the seventh FIFA World Cup, the quadrennial international football championship for men's national teams. It was held from 30 May to 17 June 1962 in Chile. The qualification rounds took place between August 1960 and December 1961, with 56 teams entering from six confederations, and fourteen qualifying for the finals tournament alongside Chile, the hosts, and Brazil, the defending champions.
Brazil successfully defended their World Cup title, defeating Czechoslovakia 3–1 in the final in the Chilean capital of Santiago. They became the second team, after Italy in 1934 and 1938, to win the World Cup twice in succession; no team has achieved the feat since. Host nation Chile finished third, defeating Yugoslavia 1–0 in the third-place play-off.
The tournament was marred by a toxic atmosphere and violence between players on the pitch; it included the first-round match between Chile and Italy (2–0), which became known as the Battle of Santiago, one of a number of violent matches played throughout the tournament. It was the first World Cup that used goal average as a means of separating teams with the same number of points. It was also the first World Cup in which the average number of goals per match was less than three (2.78); this has been repeated at every World Cup since, despite expansion of the tournament.
|1962 FIFA World Cup|
|Campeonato Mundial de Fútbol -|
Copa Jules Rimet Chile 1962
1962 FIFA World Cup official logo
|Dates||30 May – 17 June|
|Teams||16 (from 3 confederations)|
|Venue(s)||4 (in 4 host cities)|
|Champions||Brazil (2nd title)|
|Goals scored||89 (2.78 per match)|
|Attendance||893,172 (27,912 per match)|
|Top scorer(s)||6 players (see below)|
(4 goals each)
|Best young player||Flórián Albert|
After Europe hosted two consecutive World Cups, the American federations claimed the 1962 edition must be held in South America or face a complete boycott of the tournament, similar to 1938. Argentina, after previously failed candidacies, was the favorite. Magallanes' chairman, Ernesto Alvear, attended a FIFA Congress held in Helsinki while the Finnish city was hosting the 1952 Summer Olympics. He considered that Chile was able to organise the World Cup. Several sources also say that FIFA did not want Argentina to run alone, requesting the participation of Chile as almost symbolic. Chile registered its candidacy in 1954 alongside Argentina and West Germany, the latter withdrawing at the request of FIFA.
Chile's football federation committee, led by Carlos Dittborn and Juan Pinto Durán, toured many countries convincing various football associations about the country's ability to organise the tournament in comparison to Argentina's superior sports infrastructure and prestige. The FIFA Congress met in Lisbon, Portugal on 10 June 1956. That day, Raul Colombo, representing Argentina's candidacy, ended his speech with the phrase "We can start the World Cup tomorrow. We have it all." The next day, Dittborn presented four arguments that supported Chile's candidacy: Chile's continued participations at FIFA-organised conferences and tournaments, sports climate, tolerance of race and creed and political and institutional stability of the country. In addition, Dittborn invoked Article 2 of the FIFA statutes that addressed the tournament's role in promoting the sport in countries deemed "underdeveloped". Chile won 31 votes to Argentina's 12. Thirteen members abstained from voting.
57 teams entered the 1962 World Cup (due to rejected entries and withdrawals, 52 teams eventually participated in the qualifying stages). Chile as host nation and Brazil as reigning World Cup champions were granted automatic qualification, with the remaining 14 finals places divided among the continental confederations.
Eight places were contested by UEFA teams (Europe) and three by CONMEBOL teams (South America). CAF teams (Africa), AFC teams (Asia), NAFC teams (North America), and CCCF teams (Central America and Caribbean) contested three play-offs slots. The three winners would then face a European or South American team for entry into the World Cup. The 1962 tournament was the last one for which only nations from Europe or the Americas qualified.
The following 16 teams qualified for the final tournament.
The Valdivia earthquake, the most powerful earthquake ever recorded, occurred on 22 May 1960. With over 50,000 casualties and more than 2 million people affected, the earthquake forced the organising committee to completely modify the World Cup's calendar. Talca, Concepción, Talcahuano and Valdivia were severely damaged and discarded as venues. Antofagasta and Valparaíso declined to host any matches as their venues were not financially self-sustainable. Viña del Mar and Arica managed to rebuild their stadiums while Braden Copper Company, then an American company that controlled the El Teniente copper mine, allowed the use of its stadium in Rancagua. The most used stadium was the Estadio Nacional in Santiago, with 10 matches; the Estadio Sausalito in Viña del Mar hosted 8 matches, and the stadiums in Rancagua and far-away Arica (the only location that was not close to the other cities) both hosted 7 matches.
Being largely concerned with the build-up of the country after the 1960 earthquake, government support for the tournament was minimal.
|Santiago||Viña del Mar|
|Estadio Nacional||Estadio Sausalito|
|Capacity: 66,660||Capacity: 18,037|
|Estadio Braden Copper Co.||Estadio Carlos Dittborn|
|Capacity: 18,000||Capacity: 17,786|
|Argentina||Hostería El Sauzal||Rancagua|
|Chile||Villa del Seleccionado||Santiago|
|Colombia||Hotel El Morro||Arica|
|Czechoslovakia||Posada Quebrada Verde||Valparaíso|
|England||Staff House Braden Copper Co.||Coya|
|Italy||Escuela de Aviación Cap. Ávalos||Santiago|
|Mexico||Hotel O'Higgins||Viña del Mar|
|Soviet Union||Hostería Arica||Arica|
|Spain||Hotel Miramar Caleta Abarca||Viña del Mar|
|West Germany||Escuela Militar Bernardo O'Higgins||Santiago|
|Yugoslavia||Hotel El Paso||Arica|
Squads for the 1962 World Cup consisted of 22 players, as for the previous tournament in 1958.
After Attilio Demaría and Luis Monti, who both represented Argentina in 1930 and Italy in 1934, Ferenc Puskás (Hungary in 1954, then Spain), José Santamaría (Uruguay in 1954, then Spain) and José Altafini (Brazil in 1958, then Italy) became the third, fourth and fifth players to play for two national teams in the World Cup. In light of this, FIFA created stipulations describing that once a player represents a nation during a World Cup or its qualifying rounds the player cannot switch to another national team. Robert Prosinečki and Robert Jarni would later become the sixth and seventh such players, playing for Yugoslavia in 1990, then for Croatia in 1998; Davor Šuker was also selected in both squads, but did not play in 1990. This was accepted by FIFA because Croatia was a newly independent former republic of Yugoslavia.
Eighteen match officials from 17 countries were assigned to the tournament to serve as referees and assistant referees.
|Pot 1: South America||Pot 2: Europe I||Pot 3: Europe II||Pot 4: Rest of the World|
The format of the competition was similar to that of the 1958 competition: 16 teams qualified, divided into four groups of four. Four teams were seeded in the draw taking place in Santiago de Chile, on 18 January 1962: Brazil, England, Italy and Uruguay. The top two teams in each group advanced to the quarter-finals.
Two points were awarded for a win and one for a draw. In a change from the 1958 format, goal average was used to separate any teams equal on points. (In 1958, goal average was available, but was only between teams level on points in first place, or if a playoff between teams equal in second place failed to yield a result after extra time). Argentina became the first (and only) team in World Cup history to be eliminated on goal average when England advanced from Group 4 in second place.
In the knockout games, if the teams were level after ninety minutes, thirty minutes of extra time were played. For any match other than the final, if the teams were still even after extra time then lots would be drawn to determine the winner. The final would have been replayed if still tied after extra time. In the event, no replays or drawing of lots was necessary.
In May 1960, as the preparations were well under way, Chile suffered the largest earthquake ever recorded (9.5 magnitude), which caused enormous damage to the national infrastructure. In the face of this, Carlos Dittborn, the president of the Organization Committee, coined the phrase "Because we don't have anything, we will do everything in our power to rebuild". Stadia and other infrastructure were rebuilt at record speed and the tournament occurred on schedule with no major organisational flaw. Dittborn did not live to see the success of his efforts, as he died one month before the start of the tournament. The World Cup venue at Arica was named Estadio Carlos Dittborn in his honour and bears his name to this day. Even with these few and low-capacity stadiums Chile was able to meet the demand for seats as international travel to Chile, far-away for Europe, was minimal at the time.
President Jorge Alessandri gave an uninspiring inaugural speech before the first match, which was played between Chile and Switzerland. Alessandri left however before the end of the match. While Chilean society was living in a "footballized" atmosphere, Alessandri was criticized for his cold attitude towards the tournament, which forced his ministers to come out and claim he was as "footballized" as everybody else, but was too busy to devote too much attention to the competition.
The competition was marred by constant violence on the pitch. This poisonous atmosphere culminated in the first-round match between host Chile and Italy (2–0), known as the Battle of Santiago. Two Italian journalists had written unflattering articles about the host country and its capital city; describing Santiago as a "proudly backwards and poverty-stricken dump full of prostitution and crime". Although only two players (both of them Italian) were sent off by the English referee Ken Aston, the match saw repeated attempts from players on both sides to harm opponents, and the Italian team needed police protection to leave the field in safety. Articles in the Italian papers La Nazione and Corriere della Sera were saying that allowing Chile to host the World Cup was "pure madness"; this was used and magnified by local newspapers to inflame the Chilean population. The British newspaper the Daily Express wrote "The tournament shows every sign of developing into a violent bloodbath. Reports read like battlefront despatches; the Italy vs West Germany match was described as 'wrestling and warfare'".
As the competition began, a shift in strategy was imminent. Defensive strategies began to take hold as the average goals per match dropped to 2.78, under 3 for the first time in competition history (the average has never been above 3 since).
Pelé was injured in the second group match against Czechoslovakia. The USSR's goalkeeper Lev Yashin, arguably the world's best at the time, was in poor form and his team went out to Chile (1–2) in the quarter-finals. Bright spots included the emergence of the young Brazilians Amarildo (standing in for Pelé) and Garrincha, the heroics of Czechoslovakia goalkeeper Viliam Schrojf against Hungary and Yugoslavia, and the performance of the host nation Chile, who took third place with a squad of relatively unknown players.
In the first round, Brazil topped their group with Czechoslovakia finishing second, above Mexico and Spain. USSR and Yugoslavia finished above Uruguay and Colombia. Hungary, along with England progressed to the quarter-finals, while Argentina and Bulgaria were eliminated. England had the same number of points as Argentina but progressed due to a superior goal average; the first time such a requirement had been necessary in a World Cup finals tournament. Switzerland lost all three games while West Germany and Chile both went through over Italy.
Chile defeated European champions USSR to earn a semi-final game against the winner of the England – Brazil game. Garrincha scored two goals in a 3–1 win against England. Meanwhile, 1–0 wins for Yugoslavia against West Germany – and another 1–0 win of Czechoslovakia against neighbours Hungary – saw the two Slavic states meet in the semi-finals.
Viña del Mar was the original venue for the South American semi-final and Santiago for the Slavic one, but due to Chile's surprise qualification, the organisers prompted FIFA to switch the venues. This irritated crowds in Viña del Mar and only a little under 6,000 spectators came to Estadio Sausalito to watch Czechoslovakia beat Yugoslavia 3–1, whereas a capacity crowd of 76,600 in Santiago watched Brazil beat the hosts 4–2. This game saw Garrincha sent off for Brazil and Honorino Landa sent off for Chile. Chile eventually took third place in a 1–0 victory over Yugoslavia with the very last play of the match. The same player, Eladio Rojas, had also scored the winning goal in Chile's game against USSR.
Santiago's Estadio Nacional served as the venue for the final, and after 15 minutes, Brazil again found themselves a goal behind in the World Cup final, as a long ball from Adolf Scherer was latched onto by Josef Masopust: 1–0 Czechoslovakia. As in the previous final in 1958, Brazil soon hit back, equalising two minutes later through Amarildo after an error by Czechoslovak goalkeeper Schroijf. The Brazilians scored goals from Zito and Vavá (another Schrojf error) midway through the second half, and the Czechoslovaks could not get back into the game. The match ended 3–1 to Brazil, a successful defence of the title for only the second time in the history of the competition in spite of the absence of one of their star players of 1958, Pelé, who was replaced by Amarildo.
|1||Soviet Union||3||2||1||0||8||5||1.600||5||Advance to knockout stage|
|Report||Zuluaga 19' (pen.)|
|Skoblar 25' (pen.)
|Ivanov 8', 11'
Coll 68' (cnr.)
|Galić 20', 61'
Jerković 25', 87'
|1||West Germany||3||2||1||0||4||1||4.000||5||Advance to knockout stage|
|L. Sánchez 44', 55'
|Szymaniak 21' (pen.)
Bulgarelli 65', 67'
|1||Brazil||3||2||1||0||4||1||4.000||5||Advance to knockout stage|
|Amarildo 72', 86'||Report||Adelardo 35'|
Del Águila 29'
Hernández 90' (pen.)
|1||Hungary||3||2||1||0||8||2||4.000||5||Advance to knockout stage|
|Report||Flowers 60' (pen.)|
|Flowers 17' (pen.)
|Albert 1', 6', 53'
Tichy 8', 70'
|10 June – Arica|
|13 June – Santiago|
|10 June – Viña del Mar|
|17 June – Santiago|
|10 June – Santiago|
|13 June – Viña del Mar|
|10 June – Rancagua|
|16 June – Santiago|
|L. Sánchez 11'
|Garrincha 31', 59'
Scherer 80', 84' (pen.)
|Garrincha 9', 32'
Vavá 47', 78'
L. Sánchez 61' (pen.)
With four goals each, Flórián Albert, Garrincha, Valentin Ivanov, Dražan Jerković, Leonel Sánchez and Vavá were the top scorers in the tournament. In total, 89 goals were scored by 54 players, with none of them credited as own goal.
In 1986, FIFA published a report that ranked all teams in each World Cup up to and including 1986, based on progress in the competition, overall results and quality of the opposition. The rankings for the 1962 tournament were as follows:
|Eliminated in the quarter-finals|
|Eliminated in the group stage|
The 1962 FIFA World Cup Final was the deciding match of the 1962 FIFA World Cup. The match was held at the Estadio Nacional in Santiago, and was contested by Czechoslovakia and Brazil. Brazil won the game 3–1 to record their second consecutive World Cup victory. Both teams had played each other during the group stage which ended in a goalless draw. This was the second World Cup final match featuring teams who had already competed against each other during the group stage (the first was the 1954 final between Hungary and West Germany).
This was only the second successful defence of the World Cup title in the history of the competition (after Italy in 1938) in spite of the absence of one of the Brazil's star players of 1958, Pelé.1962 FIFA World Cup qualification
A total of 56 teams entered the 1962 FIFA World Cup qualification rounds, competing for a total of 16 spots in the final tournament. Chile, as the hosts, and Brazil, as the defending champions, qualified automatically, leaving 14 spots open for competition.
As with previous World Cups, the rules of the qualification rounds were quite confusing. Moreover, the winners of the four weakest continental zones: North America (NAFC), Central America and Caribbean (CCCF), Africa (CAF) and Asia (AFC), were not guaranteed direct spots in the final tournament. Instead, each of them had to enter a play-off against a team from either Europe (UEFA) or South America (CONMEBOL), with the winners of the three play-offs qualifying.
The 16 spots available in the 1962 World Cup would be distributed among the continental zones as follows:
Europe (UEFA): 8 direct places + 2 spots in the Intercontinental Play-offs (against teams from CAF and AFC), contested by 30 teams (including Israel and Ethiopia).
South America (CONMEBOL): 5 direct places + 1 spot in the Intercontinental Play-offs (against a team from CCCF/NAFC); 2 direct places went to automatic qualifiers Chile and Brazil, while the other 3.5 places were contested by 7 teams.
North, Central America and Caribbean (CCCF/NAFC): 1 spot in the Intercontinental Play-offs (against a team from CONMEBOL), contested by 8 teams.
Africa (CAF): 1 spot in the Intercontinental Play-offs (against a team from UEFA), contested by 6 teams.
Asia (AFC): 1 spot in the Intercontinental Play-offs (against a team from UEFA), contested by 3 teams.A total of 49 teams played at least one qualifying match. A total of 92 qualifying matches were played, and 325 goals were scored (an average of 3.53 per match).
Listed below are the dates and results of the qualification rounds.1962 FIFA World Cup qualification (UEFA – Group 6)
The three teams in this group played against each other on a home-and-away basis. The group winner qualified for the seventh FIFA World Cup held in Chile.1962 FIFA World Cup squads
Below are the squads for the 1962 FIFA World Cup final tournament in Chile. Switzerland (3), England (1), Spain (1) and West Germany (1) had players representing foreign clubs.
Two selected players comes from a foreign club of a non qualified country (France).Antônio Wilson Vieira Honório
Antônio Wilson Vieira Honório (11 June 1943 – 11 March 2019), nicknamed Coutinho, was a Brazilian coach and footballer who played as a forward for Santos Futebol Clube, where he was a teammate and one of the best partners of Pelé, and became a member of the Brazilian national team that won the 1962 FIFA World Cup. Coutinho is Santos' third all-time top goalscorer.Battle of Santiago (1962 FIFA World Cup)
The Battle of Santiago (Italian: Battaglia di Santiago, Spanish: Batalla de Santiago) was a football match during the 1962 FIFA World Cup, played between host Chile and Italy on 2 June 1962 in Santiago. It gained its nickname from the level of violence seen in the game, in which two players were sent off, numerous punches were thrown and police intervention was required four times. The referee was Ken Aston, who later went on to invent yellow and red cards.Estadio Sausalito
Estadio Sausalito (Spanish pronunciation: [sausaˈlito]; Sausalito Stadium) is a multi-purpose stadium in Viña del Mar, Chile.
It is currently used mostly for football matches and is the home ground of CD Everton. The stadium holds 22,360 people, was built in 1929 and completely renovated in 2015. The stadium has hosted the 1962 World Cup, two times the Copa América (1991 and 2015) and a FIFA U-17 World Cup.
The name comes from the nearby Sausalito lagoon.Ferenc Sipos
Ferenc Sipos (13 December 1932 – 17 March 1997) was a Hungarian footballer and trainer.
During his club career he played for MTK Hungária FC and Budapest Honvéd FC. He earned 77 caps and scored 1 goal for the Hungary national football team from 1957 to 1966, and participated in the 1958 FIFA World Cup, the 1962 FIFA World Cup, the 1964 European Nations' Cup, and the 1966 FIFA World Cup.Georgi Pachedzhiev
Georgi Pachedzhiev (Bulgarian: Γеорги Пачеджиев; 1 March 1916 – 12 April 2005) was a Bulgarian football manager who coached Bulgaria at the 1962 FIFA World Cup. As a player, he played for AS 23 Sofia, and was the top scorer in the Bulgarian A Professional Football Group in 1939 with fourteen goals. He died in April 2005.Giacomo Losi
Giacomo Losi (Italian pronunciation: [ˈdʒaːkomo ˈlɔːzi]; born 10 September 1935) is an Italian former football manager and player, who played as a defender. He spent his entire professional career, from 1955 to 1969, with Italian club A.S. Roma. Most of his family now resides in Boston, Massachusetts USA, with his nephew Michael J. Losi a budding USA Men's National Team Star.
Though he was not a native of Rome, during the 15 seasons he played in the capital city, he was nicknamed "Core de Roma" (Romanesco for Heart of Rome). In total he made 450 appearances with the giallorossi, a record which lasted for 38 years, until 31 January 2007, when Francesco Totti played his 451st match for the club.At international level, he represented the Italy national football team at the 1962 FIFA World Cup.Honorino Landa
Honorino Landa Vera (1 June 1942, in Puerto Natales – 30 May 1987, in Santiago) was a Chilean footballer who played as a midfielder.Humberto Maschio
Humberto Dionisio Maschio (Italian pronunciation: [ˈmaskjo]; born 20 February 1933 in Avellaneda, Buenos Aires Province) is an Italian Argentine former football player and manager, who played as a forward.
During the late 1950s and 1960s Antonio Valentín Angelillo, Omar Sívori and Maschio acquired the nickname The Angels with Dirty Faces when they moved en masse from Argentina to play football in Italy. The name, an ironic reference to the then-celebrated Angels with Dirty Faces movie, was given to them on account of their typically South American colour and flair. They were also known as The Trio of Death because of their clinical ability in scoring goals.
At international level, he represented both the Argentina national football team, winning the 1957 Copa América, and the Italy national football team, taking part in the 1962 FIFA World Cup.Héctor Hernández
Héctor Hernández García (6 December 1935 – 15 June 1984) is a former Mexican football forward.Ignacio Trelles
Ignacio "Nacho" Trelles Campos (born 31 July 1916) is a Mexican former football player and coach. He had five tenures as coach of the Selección de fútbol de México (Mexico national team) in 106 international matches, and was in charge of the Mexico squads at FIFA World Cup tournaments: 1962 and 1966. He guided Mexico to their first win in a FIFA World Cup when they defeated Czechoslovakia 3–1 in the 1962 FIFA World Cup in Chile. At the 1962 FIFA World Cup, Mexico finished eleventh, which was their best ranking in a World Cup outside home soil until 2002 where they also ranked eleventh.
With professional clubs, he has coached 1083 matches, collected 463 wins, 319 draws and 301 losses. He took Cruz Azul to consecutive México Primera División (Mexico First Division) championships, 1979 and 1980; a feat the team has yet to repeat. He turned 100 in July 2016.Josef Masopust
Josef Masopust (9 February 1931 – 29 June 2015) was a Czech football player and coach. He played as midfielder and was a key player for Czechoslovakia, helping them reach the 1962 FIFA World Cup Final. He was capped 63 times, scoring 10 goals for his country.He was named European Footballer of the Year in 1962. In November 2003, to celebrate UEFA's Jubilee, Masopust was selected as his country's Golden Player by the Football Association of the Czech Republic as their most outstanding player of the past 50 years. He was named by Pelé as one of the top 125 greatest living footballers in March 2004.János Göröcs
János Göröcs (born 8 May 1939, Gánt) was a Hungarian footballer. He played for the club Újpesti Dózsa as a striker and a midfielder, and later for Tatabányai Bányász. He played 62 games and scored 19 goals for the Hungary national football team.
He was best-known for his participation in the bronze medal winning Hungarian team on the 1960 Summer Olympic Games and for playing on the 1962 FIFA World Cup. He later became trainer of Újpest.Lajos Tichy
Lajos Tichy (21 March 1935 – 6 January 1999) was a Hungarian footballer. He played for the club Budapest Honvéd FC, scoring 247 goals in 320 league games. He also scored 51 goals in 72 internationals for the Hungary national football team, including four in the 1958 FIFA World Cup and three in the 1962 FIFA World Cup. He later became coach of the Honved youth team and from 1976 to 1982 he coached the first team, helping them win their first Hungarian championship in 25 years in 1980. The "Nation's Bomber" died in 1999 aged 63.László Sárosi (footballer)
László Sárosi (27 February 1932 – 2 April 2016) was a Hungarian footballer and coach.During his club career he played for Vasas SC. He earned 46 caps for the Hungary national football team from 1957 to 1965, and participated in the 1958 FIFA World Cup, 1962 FIFA World Cup, and the 1964 European Nations' Cup.Vladimír Kos
Vladimír Kos (31 March 1936 – 17 September 2017) was a former Czech football player.
During his club career he played for ČKD Praha. He was part of the second-placed team at the 1962 FIFA World Cup, but did not win any caps for Czechoslovakia.
1962 FIFA World Cup
1962 FIFA World Cup finalists
|Overall records and statistics|
Notes: There was no qualification for the 1930 World Cup as places were given by invitation only. In 1950, there was no final; the article is about the decisive match of the final group stage.