1960s in jazz

In the late 1960s, Latin jazz, combining rhythms from African and Latin American countries, often played on instruments such as conga, timbale, güiro, and claves, with jazz and classical harmonies played on typical jazz instruments (piano, double bass, etc.) broke through. There are two main varieties: Afro-Cuban jazz was played in the US right after the bebop period, while Brazilian jazz became more popular in the 1960s. Afro-Cuban jazz began as a movement in the mid-1950s as bebop musicians such as Dizzy Gillespie and Billy Taylor started Afro-Cuban bands influenced by such Cuban and Puerto Rican musicians as Xavier Cugat, Tito Puente, and Arturo Sandoval. Brazilian jazz such as bossa nova is derived from samba, with influences from jazz and other 20th-century classical and popular music styles. Bossa is generally moderately paced, with melodies sung in Portuguese or English. The style was pioneered by Brazilians João Gilberto and Antônio Carlos Jobim. The related term jazz-samba describes an adaptation of bossa nova compositions to the jazz idiom by American performers such as Stan Getz and Charlie Byrd.

Bossa nova was made popular by Elizete Cardoso's recording of Chega de Saudade on the Canção do Amor Demais LP, composed by Vinícius de Moraes (lyrics) and Antonio Carlos Jobim (music). The initial releases by Gilberto and the 1959 film Black Orpheus brought significant popularity in Brazil and elsewhere in Latin America, which spread to North America via visiting American jazz musicians. The resulting recordings by Charlie Byrd and Stan Getz cemented its popularity and led to a worldwide boom with 1963's Getz/Gilberto, numerous recordings by famous jazz performers such as Ella Fitzgerald (Ella Abraça Jobim) and Frank Sinatra (Francis Albert Sinatra & Antônio Carlos Jobim), and the entrenchment of the bossa nova style as a lasting influence in world music for several decades and even up to the present.

1960s jazz standards

1960–1964

Herbie Hancock 2005
Herbie Hancock emerged as an influential pianist in the 1960s both as a leader and as part of Miles Davis's "second great quintet". Later he became one of the most popular jazz fusion artists. Standards composed by him include "Watermelon Man" (1963), "Cantaloupe Island" (1964), "Maiden Voyage" (1965) and "Chameleon" (1973).

1965–1969

Wayne Shorter
Wayne Shorter's compositions that have become standards include "Mahjong" (1964), "Speak No Evil" (1965) and "Footprints" (1966).

1960

Events

Album releases

Births

Deaths

Awards

1961

Album releases

1962

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Jazz-Optimisten - Jamboree (1962)

Events

Album releases

Deaths

1963

Album releases

Deaths

1964

Album releases

Deaths

  • Eric Dolphy (June 20, 1928 – June 29, 1964), American alto saxophonist, flautist, and bass clarinetist
  • Jack Teagarden (August 20, 1905 – January 15, 1964)
  • Cecil Scott (November 22, 1905 - January 5, 1964

1965

Album releases

Deaths

Births

1966

Events

Album releases

Deaths

1967

Album releases

Births

Deaths

1968

Album releases

Births

Deaths

1969

Events

Album releases

Births

Deaths

References

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  3. ^ The New Real Book, Volume II, p. 154.
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  5. ^ a b c d e Listed in The Real Vocal Book
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  7. ^ The Real Book, Volume I, p. 311.
  8. ^ One Note Samba at jazzstandards.com - retrieved on February 20, 2009.
  9. ^ The Real Book, Volume I, p. 314.
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  11. ^ The Real Book, Volume I, p. 384.
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  18. ^ The Real Book, Volume I, p. 50.
  19. ^ The Real Book, Volume I, p. 56.
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  21. ^ The Real Book, Volume I, p. 149.
  22. ^ The Girl from Ipanema at jazzstandards.com - retrieved on February 20, 2009.
  23. ^ The Real Book, Volume I, p. 158.
  24. ^ How Insensitive at jazzstandards.com - retrieved on February 20, 2009
  25. ^ The Real Book, Volume I, p. 181.
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  29. ^ Seymour, Gene (2005) in Kirchner, Bill (ed.) The Oxford Companion to Jazz, Oxford University Press, p. 388.
  30. ^ The Real Book, Volume III, p. 360.
  31. ^ a b c Listed in The Real Jazz Book
  32. ^ St. Thomas at jazzstandards.com - retrieved on February 20, 2009
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  34. ^ The Real Book, Volume I, p. 14.
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  57. ^ Rosenthal 1993, p. 68.
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  60. ^ The Real Book, Volume I, p. 144.
  61. ^ The Real Book, Volume II, p. 262.
  62. ^ The Real Book, Volume I, p. 362.
  63. ^ The Real Book, Volume I, p. 152.
  64. ^ The New Real Book, Volume II, p. 110.
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  66. ^ The Real Book, Volume I, p. 417.
  67. ^ The Real Book, Volume I, p. 431.
  68. ^ Porter, Lewis (1999). John Coltrane: His Life and Music. University of Michigan Press. ISBN 0-472-08643-X.
  69. ^ Shepherd, John (2003). Continuum Encyclopedia of Popular Music of the World: Performance and Production. 2. Continuum International Publishing Group. p. 175. ISBN 0-8264-6322-3.

Bibliography

  • The New Real Book, Volume I. Sher Music. 1988. ISBN 0-9614701-4-3.
  • The New Real Book, Volume II. Sher Music. 1991. ISBN 0-9614701-7-8.
  • The New Real Book, Volume III. Sher Music. 1995. ISBN 1-883217-30-X.
  • The Real Book, Volume I (6th ed.). Hal Leonard. 2004. ISBN 0-634-06038-4.
  • The Real Book, Volume II (2nd ed.). Hal Leonard. 2007. ISBN 1-4234-2452-2.
  • The Real Book, Volume III (2nd ed.). Hal Leonard. 2006. ISBN 0-634-06136-4.
  • The Real Jazz Book. Warner Bros. ISBN 978-91-85041-36-7.
  • The Real Vocal Book, Volume I. Hal Leonard. 2006. ISBN 0-634-06080-5.
1960 in jazz

This is a timeline documenting events of Jazz in the year 1960.

1961 in jazz

This is a timeline documenting events of jazz in the year 1961.

1962 in jazz

This is a timeline documenting events of Jazz in the year 1962.

1963 in jazz

This is a timeline documenting events of Jazz in the year 1963.

1964 in jazz

This is a timeline documenting events of Jazz in the year 1964.

1965 in jazz

This is a timeline documenting events of Jazz in the year 1965.

1966 in jazz

This is a timeline documenting events of Jazz in the year 1966.

1967 in jazz

This is a timeline documenting events of Jazz in the year 1967.

1968 in jazz

This is a timeline documenting events of Jazz in the year 1968.

1969 in jazz

This is a timeline documenting events of Jazz in the year 1969.

Leo Martin

Leo Martin (Serbian Cyrillic: Лео Мартин, born on 6 March 1942) is a Serbian and former Yugoslav pop singer. He started his career in early the 1960s in jazz bands as an instrumentalist and vocalist. In 1964, he moved with his band to West Germany to play jazz covers in night clubs. In 1968, while in Germany, he started his solo career by recording an album of pop music in the English language, which made him popular throughout Europe. After touring Europe, he returned to Yugoslavia in 1969 where he established himself as one of the leading schlager singers of the 1970s and 1980s. His career was interrupted by Yugoslav Wars of the 1990s. He has performed sporadically since.

Quiet Nights (Miles Davis and Gil Evans album)

Quiet Nights is a studio album by jazz musician Miles Davis, and his fourth album collaboration with Gil Evans, released in 1964 on Columbia Records, catalogue CL 2106 and CS 8906 in stereo. Recorded mostly at Columbia's 30th Street Studios in Manhattan, it is the final album by Davis and Evans.

Skip jive

A British dance, descended from the jazz dances of the 1930s and 1940s jive and ultimately from the Lindy Hop. Danced to trad jazz music, was popular in England in the 1950s and 1960s in jazz clubs in London; notably Jazzshows (now the 100 Club,100 Oxford St) and the Ken Colyer club (Studio 51 Gt Newport St. now closed). There were also jazz club events at most large towns, especially in the south of England (e.g. Guildford Surrey, Farnborough Hants, Bexley Kent) where trad jazz enthusiasts congregated and would "skip jive" all evening. It is still danced to a limited extent today.

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