1960 Summer Paralympics

The 9th Annual International Stoke Mandeville Games, retroactively designated as the 1960 Summer Paralympics (Italian: I Giochi Paralimpici Estivi),[1] were the first international Paralympic Games, following on from the Stoke Mandeville Games of 1948 and 1952. They were organised under the aegis of the International Stoke Mandeville Games Federation.[2] The term "Paralympic Games" was approved by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) first in 1984,[1] while the International Paralympic Committee (IPC) was formed in 1989.

The Games were held in Rome, Italy from September 18 to 25, 1960, with the 1960 Summer Olympics. The only disability included in these Paralympics was spinal cord injury. There were 209 athletes from 18 countries.[1][3][4][5][6]

I Paralympic Games
ISMG 1960 & 1964
Host cityRome, Italy
Nations17
Athletes209
Events57 in 8 sports
Opening18 September
Closing25 September
Opened by
Camillo Giardina
StadiumStadio Olimpico
Tokyo 1964

Sports

Medal table

The top 10 NPCs by number of gold medals are listed below. The host nation, Italy, is highlighted.

  *   Host nation (Italy)

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 Italy*29282380
2 Great Britain20152055
3 West Germany156930
4 Austria1181130
5 United States117725
6 Norway93416
7 Australia36110
8 Netherlands3609
9 France3317
10 Argentina2316
Totals (10 nations)1068577268

Participating delegations

The number in parentheses indicates the number of participants from each NPC.[7][8]

References

  1. ^ a b c Rome 1960, International Paralympic Committee (IPC)
  2. ^ "Summer Games Governance 1960 to 1992", IWAS
  3. ^ "Beijing Paralympics factsheet", BBC, July 11, 2008
  4. ^ "Participation Numbers: Rome 1960 Paralympic Games", International Paralympic Committee
  5. ^ IPC searchable database
  6. ^ "Paralympic Games History", Channel Four Paralympics
  7. ^ Paralympic Games Open At Rome Olympics Site, St. Petersburg Times, September 19, 1960, Google News Archive Search
  8. ^ https://www.paralympic.org/sdms4/hira/web/participantNumbers/rome-1960
  • The information from the International Paralympic Committee (IPC) website is based on sources which does not present all information from earlier paralympic games (1960-1984), such as relay and team members.[1] (Per Apr.17, 2011)

External links

1960 Summer Paralympics medal table

The 1960 Summer Paralympics medal table is a list of National Paralympic Committees (NPCs) ranked by the number of gold medals won by their athletes during the 1960 Summer Paralympics (the inaugural Paralympic Games), held in Rome, Italy, from September 18 to 25, 1960.

Due to there being no more than three competitors per event, every participant was guaranteed a medal upon successful completion of his or her event.

Archery at the 1960 Summer Paralympics

Archery at the 1960 Summer Paralympics consisted of eight archery events, four for men and four for women.

Argentina at the 1960 Summer Paralympics

Argentina was one of the seventeen nations that competed at the inaugural Summer Paralympic Games in 1960 held in Rome, Italy from September 19 to 24, 1968. Preparations for the Games began two years prior in 1958 to stage what was at the time called the 9th Annual International Stoke Mandeville Games. The team finished tenth in the medal table with a total of six medals, two gold, three silver and one bronze. The Argentinian team consisted of five athletes, one man and four women.

Athletics at the 1960 Summer Paralympics

Athletics at the 1960 Summer Paralympics consisted of 25 events, 13 for men and 12 for women.

Austria at the 1960 Summer Paralympics

Austria sent a delegation to compete at the 1960 Summer Paralympics in Rome, Italy. Its athletes finished fourth in the overall medal count.

Finland at the 1960 Summer Paralympics

Finland competed at the inaugural Summer Paralympic Games in 1960 in Rome. Like Rhodesia and Ireland, it sent only one competitor: swimmer Tauno Valkama. He entered a single event, the 50m crawl (class 4), and won gold - giving his country a perfect success rate for its first Paralympics.

France at the 1960 Summer Paralympics

France competed at the inaugural Summer Paralympic Games in 1960 in Rome. France's six athletes competed in four sports: archery, athletics, dartchery and swimming. All of France's athletes obtained medals in every event they competed in.

Great Britain at the 1960 Summer Paralympics

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, competing as Great Britain, participated in the inaugural Paralympic Games in 1960 in Rome. The 1960 Paralympics, now considered to have been the first Paralympic Games, were initially known as the ninth Stoke Mandeville Games, Games for athletes with disabilities founded in Great Britain in 1948.Great Britain fielded the second largest delegation at the 1960 Games (after Italy's), with 31 competitors (18 men and 13 women) in archery, athletics, snooker, swimming, table tennis and wheelchair basketball. It also fielded by far the greatest number of female athletes (13), whereas all other countries fielded four or less (with the exception of Austria, which sent seven). All British competitors won medals in every event they entered, putting Great Britain second on the medal table with 20 gold, 15 silver and 20 bronze. Britain's first ever Paralympic gold medal was won by Margaret Maughan, in archery.

Ireland at the 1960 Summer Paralympics

Ireland participated in the inaugural Paralympic Games in 1960 in Rome, Italy. The 1960 Paralympics, now considered to have been the first Paralympic Games, were initially known as the ninth Stoke Mandeville Games, Games for athletes with disabilities founded in Great Britain in 1948.Ireland were one of 23 nations to enter athletes and the team of five athletes finished 12th in the medals table, winning two gold medals. Both of Ireland's gold medals were won by Joan Horan. Horan won her medals in two different sports, one in women's St. Nicholas Round open archery and one in the women's 25 m Crawl complete class 2 swimming event.

Israel at the 1960 Summer Paralympics

Israel, participated in the inaugural Paralympic Games in 1960 held in Rome, Italy. The 1960 Paralympics, now considered to have been the first Paralympic Games, were initially known as the ninth Stoke Mandeville Games, an event for athletes with disabilities founded in Great Britain in 1948.Israel sent two athletes to compete in individual competitions and a team to compete in wheelchair basketball. The names of the wheelchair basketball team members are not known as they are not recorded in the original hardcopy final results publication.

Italy at the 1960 Summer Paralympics

Italy was the host country of the inaugural Paralympic Games in 1960 in Rome. The country fielded the largest delegation at the Games, with twenty-seven athletes (twenty-three men and four women) competing in athletics, snooker, swimming, table tennis and wheelchair fencing.

Netherlands at the 1960 Summer Paralympics

Netherlands competed at the 1960 Summer Paralympics in Rome, Italy. The team included 5 athletes, 3 men and 2 women. Competitors from Netherlands won 9 medals, including 3 gold and 6 silver to finish 8th in the medal table.

Norway at the 1960 Summer Paralympics

Norway sent a delegation to compete at the 1960 Summer Paralympics in Rome, Italy. Its athletes finished sixth in the overall medal count. Most of their medals were won in swimming.

Rhodesia at the 1960 Summer Paralympics

Rhodesia competed at the inaugural Summer Paralympic Games in 1960 in Rome. It was the only African country to take part. Rhodesia sent two competitors to the games, one of whom was Margaret Harriman, who competed in archery and swimming. Harriman won a total of five medals, placing her country 11th out of 17 on the medal table. She took gold in both the archery events she participated in, and won a silver medal and two bronze in swimming.

Swimming at the 1960 Summer Paralympics

Swimming at the 1960 Summer Paralympics consisted of 62 events, 32 for men and 30 for women.

Each race had no more than three competitors so every swimmer completing a race was guaranteed a medal. All the swimmers successfully completed their races, and every swimmer at the Games therefore earned a medal.

Switzerland at the 1960 Summer Paralympics

Switzerland was one of the seventeen nations that competed at the inaugural Summer Paralympic Games in 1960 held in Rome, Italy, from September 19 to 24, 1960. Preparations for the Games began two years prior in 1958 to stage what was at the time called the 9th Annual International Stoke Mandeville Games. The team finished thirteenth in the medal table with a total of four medals, one gold and three silver. The Swiss team consisted of two athletes: Denis Favre, a man who competed in athletics and swimming events, and Simone Knusli, a woman who competed in swimming.

Table tennis at the 1960 Summer Paralympics

Table tennis at the 1960 Summer Paralympics consisted of eleven events, six for men and five for women.

United States at the 1960 Summer Paralympics

The United States competed at the 1960 Summer Paralympics in Rome, Italy.

Wheelchair fencing at the 1960 Summer Paralympics

Wheelchair fencing at the 1960 Summer Paralympics consisted of three events.

Events at the 1960 Summer Paralympics (Rome)
Nations at the 1960 Summer Paralympics in Rome, Italy
Africa
America
Asia
Europe
Oceania
Summer Games
Winter Games

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