1960 Summer Olympics

The 1960 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XVII Olympiad (Italian: Giochi della XVII Olimpiade), was an international multi-sport event that was held from August 25 to September 11, 1960, in Rome, Italy. The city of Rome had previously been awarded the administration of the 1908 Summer Olympics, but following the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 1906, Rome had no choice but to decline and pass the honour to London.

Games of the XVII Olympiad
1960 Summer Olympics logo
Host cityRome, Italy
Nations83
Athletes5,338 (4,727 men, 611 women)
Events150 in 17 sports (23 disciplines)
Opening25 August
Closing11 September
Opened by
Cauldron
StadiumStadio Olimpico
Summer
Melbourne 1956 Tokyo 1964
Winter
Squaw Valley 1960 Innsbruck 1964

Host city selection

On June 15, 1955, at the 50th IOC Session in Paris, France, Rome won the rights to host the 1960 Games, having beaten Brussels, Mexico City, Tokyo, Detroit, Budapest and finally Lausanne. Tokyo and Mexico City would subsequently host the proceeding 1964 and 1968 Summer Olympics respectively.[2]

Toronto was initially interested in the bidding, but appears to have dropped out during the final phase of the bid process.[3] This was the first of five unsuccessful attempts by Toronto to secure the Summer Olympics from then until the 2008 games.

Highlights

Olympic torch Rome 1960-JD
The Olympic torch
Abebe Bikila sprints away from Rhadi Ben Abdesselam
Abebe Bikila of Ethiopia wins the marathon barefooted

Lowlights

Historical landmarks

  • South Africa appeared in the Olympic arena for the last time under its apartheid regime. It would not be allowed to return until 1992, by when apartheid in sport was being abolished.
  • Singapore competed for the first time under its own flag, which was to become its national flag after independence, as the British had granted it self-government a year earlier. Tan Howe Liang won silver in the Weightlifting lightweight category, which was the first time (and the only time until 2008) that an athlete from Singapore won an Olympic medal.

Non-medal winners

Broadcasting

  • CBS paid US$394,000 (equivalent to $3,336,812 in 2018) in today's dollars for the exclusive right to broadcast the Games in the United States. This was the first Summer Olympic games to be telecast in North America. In addition to CBS in the United States, the Olympics were telecast for the first time in Canada (on CBC Television) and in Mexico (through the networks of Telesistema Mexicano). Since television broadcast satellites were still two years into the future, CBS, CBC, and TSM shot and edited videotapes in Rome, fed the tapes to Paris where they were re-recorded onto other tapes which were then loaded onto jet planes to North America. Planes carrying the tapes landed at Idlewild Airport in New York City, where mobile units fed the tapes to CBS, to Toronto for the CBC, and to Mexico City for TSM. Despite this arrangement, many daytime events were broadcast in North America, especially on CBS and CBC, the same day they took place.[9]

Venues

Rome Olympics 1960 - Opening Day
Opening Ceremony in 1960 Summer Olympics in Stadio Olimpico in Rome, Italy

¹ New facilities constructed in preparation for the Olympic Games. ² Existing facilities modified or refurbished in preparation for the Olympic Games.

Games

Participating National Olympic Committees

1960 Summer Olympic games countries
Participants
1960 Summer olympics team numbers
Number of athletes per country

A total of 83 nations participated at the Rome Games. Athletes from Morocco, San Marino, Sudan, and Tunisia competed at the Olympic Games for the first time. Athletes from Barbados, Jamaica and Trinidad and Tobago would represent the new (British) West Indies Federation, competing as "Antilles", but this nation would only exist for this single Olympiad. Athletes from Northern Rhodesia and Southern Rhodesia competed under the Rhodesia name while representing the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland. Athletes from East Germany and West Germany would compete as the United Team of Germany from 1956 to 1964. The number in parentheses indicates the number of participants that each country contributed.

  •  Suriname also made its first Olympic appearance, but its lone athlete (Wim Esajas) withdrew from competition due to a scheduling error.[10]

Sports

The 1960 Summer Olympics featured 17 different sports encompassing 23 disciplines, and medals were awarded in 150 events. In the list below, the number of events in each discipline is noted in parentheses.

Calendar

All dates are in Central European Time (UTC+1)
OC Opening ceremony Event competitions 1 Gold medal events CC Closing ceremony
August / September 25
Thu
26
Fri
27
Sat
28
Sun
29
Mon
30
Tue
31
Wed
1
Thu
2
Fri
3
Sat
4
Sun
5
Mon
6
Tue
7
Wed
8
Thu
9
Fri
10
Sat
11
Sun
Events
Ceremonies OC CC N/A
Athletics 2 4 7 3 3 4 4 6 1 34
Basketball 1 1
Boxing 10 10
Canoeing 7 7
Cycling 2 1 2 1 6
Diving 1 1 1 1 4
Equestrian 1 1 2 1 5
Fencing 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 8
Field hockey 1 1
Football 1 1
Gymnastics 2 5 7 14
Modern pentathlon 2 2
Rowing 7 7
Sailing 5 5
Shooting 1 1 1 2 1 6
Swimming 2 1 2 2 3 2 3 15
Water polo 1 1
Weightlifting 2 2 2 1 7
Wrestling 8 8 16
Daily medal events 2 4 0 11 5 14 8 11 15 0 14 15 12 12 11 15 1 150
Cumulative total 2 6 6 17 22 36 44 55 70 70 84 99 111 123 134 149 150
August / September 25
Thu
26
Fri
27
Sat
28
Sun
29
Mon
30
Tue
31
Wed
1
Thu
2
Fri
3
Sat
4
Sun
5
Mon
6
Tue
7
Wed
8
Thu
9
Fri
10
Sat
11
Sun
Total events

Medal count

These are the top ten nations that won medals at the 1960 Games:[11]

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 Soviet Union432931103
2 United States34211671
3 Italy*13101336
4 United Team of Germany12191142
5 Australia88622
6 Turkey7209
7 Hungary68721
8 Japan47718
9 Poland461121
10 Czechoslovakia3238
Totals (10 nations)134112105351

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Factsheet - Opening Ceremony of the Games of the Olympiad" (PDF) (Press release). International Olympic Committee. 9 October 2014. Archived (PDF) from the original on 14 August 2016. Retrieved 22 December 2018.
  2. ^ "IOC VOTE HISTORY".
  3. ^ "Toronto has made 5 attempts to host the Olympics. Could the sixth be the winner?". thestar.com. 24 July 2015.
  4. ^ "Past Olympic host city election results". GamesBids. Archived from the original on 17 March 2011. Retrieved 17 March 2011.
  5. ^ Coplan, Joseph (July 19, 2000). "Profiling Jeff Farrell, 1968 ISHOF Honor Swimmer". USMS. Retrieved March 23, 2011.
  6. ^ Zaborney, Mark (March 11, 2016). "Ramon 'Buddy' Carr (1926-2016): TPD officer coached gold-medalist boxer". Toledo Blade.
  7. ^ Henderson, Jon (June 26, 2012). "Great Olympic Moments: UCLA friends Rafer Johnson and Yang Chuan-kwang make decathlon history in 1960". The Telegraph. Retrieved June 21, 2018.
  8. ^ Maraniss, David (2008). Rome 1960: The Olympics That Changed the World (1st ed.). New York City, NY: Simon & Schuster. p. 138. ISBN 978-1-4165-3407-5.
  9. ^ "OLYMPICS AND TELEVISION - The Museum of Broadcast Communications". Museum.tv. Retrieved March 23, 2011.
  10. ^ Official Olympic Reports. Archived from the original on 2006-06-22.
  11. ^ Byron, Lee; Cox, Amanda; Ericson, Matthew (August 4, 2008). "A Map of Olympic Medals". The New York Times. Retrieved February 26, 2012.

External links

Preceded by
Melbourne/Stockholm
Summer Olympic Games
Rome

XVII Olympiad (1960)
Succeeded by
Tokyo
Athletics at the 1960 Summer Olympics

At the 1960 Summer Olympics in Rome, 34 events in athletics were contested, 24 by men and 10 by women. There were a total number of 1016 participating athletes from 73 countries.

Athletics at the 1960 Summer Olympics – Men's 4 × 400 metres relay

The men's 4 × 400 metres relay event at the 1960 Olympic Games took place between September 7 and September 8.

Australia at the 1960 Summer Olympics

Australia competed at the 1960 Summer Olympics in Rome, Italy. 189 competitors, 160 men and 29 women, took part in 122 events in 17 sports. Australian athletes have competed in every Summer Olympic Games.

Boxing at the 1960 Summer Olympics

Italy and the United States dominated boxing at the 1960 Summer Olympics, winning three gold medals for each country. Two of the gold medalists later became Hall of Fame world champions in professional boxing: Cassius Clay (later known as Muhammad Ali) and Nino Benvenuti.

British West Indies at the 1960 Summer Olympics

Athletes from the West Indies Federation competed under the name Antilles (ANT) at the 1960 Summer Olympics in Rome, Italy. Thirteen competitors, all men, took part in thirteen events in five sports. The short-lived nation only participated at these single Games, as Jamaica and Trinidad and Tobago competed independently again in 1964, and Barbados started competing at the 1968 Games. The team won two bronze medals, both in track and field athletics.

Czechoslovakia at the 1960 Summer Olympics

Czechoslovakia competed at the 1960 Summer Olympics in Rome, Italy. 116 competitors, 99 men and 17 women, took part in 75 events in 13 sports.

Football at the 1960 Summer Olympics

The football tournament at the 1960 Summer Olympics was held from 26 August to 10 September in 1960 throughout Italy. The tournament features 16 men's national teams from four continental confederations. The 16 teams are drawn into four groups of four and each group plays a round-robin tournament. At the end of the group stage, the first-ranked teams of each group advanced to the semi-finals, and culminating with the gold medal match in Rome on September 10, 1960.

Great Britain at the 1960 Summer Olympics

Great Britain, represented by the British Olympic Association (BOA), competed at the 1960 Summer Olympics in Rome, Italy. 253 competitors, 206 men and 47 women, took part in 130 events in 17 sports. British athletes have competed in every Summer Olympic Games.

The Rome Games continued Great Britain and Northern Ireland's disappointing run in the Olympics, with British athletes picking up only two gold medals (down from six in 1956). Overall, they won twenty medals, finishing twelfth.

Hungary at the 1960 Summer Olympics

Hungary competed at the 1960 Summer Olympics in Rome, Italy. 184 competitors, 157 men and 27 women, took part in 107 events in 18 sports.

Italy at the 1960 Summer Olympics

Italy was the host nation for the 1960 Summer Olympics in Rome. It was the first time that the nation had hosted the Summer Games, and the second time overall (after the 1956 Winter Olympics in Cortina d'Ampezzo). It also hosted the 1960 Summer Paralympics in Rome – the inaugural Paralympic Games.

280 competitors, 246 men and 34 women, took part in 138 events in 19 sports.

Japan at the 1960 Summer Olympics

Japan competed at the 1960 Summer Olympics in Rome, Italy. 162 competitors, 142 men and 20 women, took part in 96 events in 17 sports.

Rowing at the 1960 Summer Olympics

Rowing at the 1960 Summer Olympics featured 7 events, for men only. The competitions were held from 30 August to 3 September on the Lago di Albano.

Rowing at the 1960 Summer Olympics – Men's eight

The men's eight competition at the 1960 Summer Olympics took place at took place at Lake Albano, Italy.

Soviet Union at the 1960 Summer Olympics

The Soviet Union (USSR) competed at the 1960 Summer Olympics in Rome, Italy. 283 competitors, 233 men and 50 women, took part in 145 events in 17 sports.

Swimming at the 1960 Summer Olympics

At the 1960 Summer Olympics in Rome, 15 swimming events were contested, eight for men and seven for women. There was a total of 380 participants from 45 countries competing. For the first time, the 4×100 metres medley relay was contested. The United States dominated the medal standings with a total of 15 medals.

Turkey at the 1960 Summer Olympics

Turkey competed at the 1960 Summer Olympics in Rome, Italy.

United States at the 1960 Summer Olympics

The United States competed at the 1960 Summer Olympics in Rome, Italy. It was the first Summer Olympics in which the athletes marched under the present flag. 292 competitors, 241 men and 51 women, took part in 147 events in 17 sports.

The 1960 Summer Olympics was the first Olympics that was being covered by a United States television provider. CBS bought the rights to cover the 1960 Summer Olympics.

The 1960 Summer Olympics also brought one of the first appearances of one of the greatest heavyweight boxers ever, Muhammad Ali. Since these Olympic Games occurred before his conversion to Islam, he fought under the name Cassius Clay.Names of United States gold winners. Wilbert McClure, Eddie Crook, Jr., Cassius Clay, Otis Davis(2), Lee Calhoun, Glenn Davis, Jack Yerman, Earl Young, Glenn Davis, Ralph Boston, Don Brags, Bill Nieder, Al Oerter, Rafer Johnson, Wilma Rudolph(3), Martha Hudson, Lucinda Williams, Barbara Jones, Jay Hoyland, Arnette Walter, Jones Bellamy Jr., Robert Lewis, Boozer Terence, Gilbert Dischinger, Bardette Haldorson, Darall Tucker, Allen Earl, Kelley Lester, Jerry Ray Lucas, Oscar Palmer Robertson, Adrian Howard Smith, Jerome Alan West, Gary Tobian, Bob Webster, Arthur Ayrault, Ted Nash, John Sayre, Rusty Wailes, George O'Day, James Hunt, David Smith, William McMillan, William Mulliken, Michael Troy(2), George Harrison, Richard Blick, Jeff Farrel(2), Frank McKinney, Paul Hait, Lance Larson, Chris Von Saltza(3), Lynn Burke(2), Carolyn Schuler(2), Joan Spillane, Shirley Stobs, Carolyn Wood, Patty Kempner, Charles Linci, Terrence McCann, Shelby Wilson, Douglas Blubaugh.

United Team of Germany at the 1960 Summer Olympics

Athletes from East Germany (German Democratic Republic; GDR) and West Germany (Federal Republic of Germany; FRG) competed together as the United Team of Germany at the 1960 Summer Olympics in Rome, Italy. 293 competitors, 238 men and 55 women, took part in 148 events in 17 sports.

1960 Summer Olympics bidding results[4]
City Country Round 1 Round 2 Round 3
Rome  Italy 15 26 35
Lausanne   Switzerland 14 21 24
Detroit  United States 6 11
Budapest  Hungarian People's Republic 8 1
Brussels  Belgium 6
Mexico City  Mexico 6
Tokyo  Japan 4
Participating National Olympic Committees
Summer
Games
Winter
Games
Nations at the 1960 Summer Olympics in Rome, Italy
Africa
America
Asia
Europe
Oceania
Events at the 1960 Summer Olympics (Rome)
Venues of the 1960 Summer Olympics (Rome)

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