1960 Republican National Convention

The 1960 National Convention of the Republican Party of the United States was held in Chicago, Illinois, from July 25 to July 28, 1960, at the International Amphitheatre. It was the 14th and most recent time overall that Chicago hosted the Republican National Convention, more times than any other city.

The convention nominated Vice President Richard M. Nixon for President and former Senator Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr. of Massachusetts for Vice President.

1960 Republican National Convention
1960 presidential election
RP1960
RV1960
Nominees
Nixon and Lodge
Convention
Date(s)July 25–28, 1960
CityChicago
VenueInternational Amphitheatre
Candidates
Presidential nomineeRichard M. Nixon of California
Vice Presidential nomineeHenry C. Lodge Jr. of Massachusetts
Highlights of 1960 Republican convention

The Presidency

By the time the Republican convention opened, Nixon had no opponents for the nomination. The highlight of the convention was the speech by U.S. Senator Barry Goldwater of Arizona removing himself from the race where he called on the Conservatives to take back the party.

It was at this convention that Nixon promised to campaign in every state during his campaign.[1] Nixon still managed victory, earning 1,321 votes to 10 for Goldwater.[2]

The Vice Presidency

Before choosing Lodge, Nixon considered the following candidates for the vice presidential nomination, among others:

In the election, Nixon and Lodge lost to the Democratic ticket of John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Richard Nixon: Address Accepting the Presidential Nomination at the Republican National Convention in Chicago". www.presidency.ucsb.edu.
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-07-19. Retrieved 2009-03-29.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)

External links

Preceded by
1956
San Francisco, California
Republican National Conventions Succeeded by
1964
Daly City, California
1960 Democratic National Convention

The 1960 Democratic National Convention was held in Los Angeles, California, on July 11–July 15, 1960. It nominated Senator John F. Kennedy of Massachusetts for President and Senator Lyndon B. Johnson of Texas for Vice President.

In the general election, the Kennedy–Johnson ticket won an electoral college victory and a narrow popular vote plurality (slightly over 110,000 nationally) over the Republican candidates Vice President Richard M. Nixon and UN Ambassador Henry C. Lodge II.

Due to its size, the Biltmore Hotel was selected to serve as the headquarters hotel for the Democratic National Committee. It also housed command-posts for the campaigns of the various candidates seeking the nomination, temporary studio spaces for the television networks, and workspaces for select print journalists.

1960 Republican Party presidential primaries

The 1960 Republican presidential primaries were the selection process by which voters of the Republican Party chose its nominee for President of the United States in the 1960 U.S. presidential election. Incumbent Vice President Richard Nixon was selected as the nominee through a series of primary elections and caucuses culminating in the 1960 Republican National Convention held from July 25 to July 28, 1960, in Chicago, Illinois.In seeking the nomination, Nixon faced no formidable opposition. He swept the primaries without difficulty.

1960 Republican Party vice presidential candidate selection

This article lists those who were potential candidates for the Republican nomination for Vice President of the United States in the 1960 election. After winning the Republican presidential nomination at the 1960 Republican National Convention, Vice President Richard Nixon needed to choose a running mate. President Dwight D. Eisenhower strongly supported UN Ambassador Henry Cabot Lodge Jr.. Though Lodge lacked charisma as a campaigner, his foreign policy experience and stature as ambassador made him an appealing candidate. However, Lodge was unpopular with the Republican right, who did not want a Northeastern moderate on the ticket. Nixon also strongly considered conservative Minnesota Representative Walter Judd and moderate Kentucky Senator Thruston Morton. After a closed session with Republican Party leaders, Nixon announced his choice of Lodge. The Republican convention ratified Nixon's choice of Lodge. The Nixon-Lodge ticket lost the 1960 election to the Democratic ticket of John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson.

Beatrice Corliss

Beatrice Keene (Webber) Corliss (October 21, 1910 – January 12, 1995) was an American politician who served as the first female Mayor of Gloucester, Massachusetts.

David Blanchard

David Blanchard (January 5, 1921 – December 23, 1962) was Speaker of the Wisconsin State Assembly.

Edith Derby Williams

Edith Roosevelt (Derby) Williams (June 17, 1917 – June 8, 2008) was a historian, conservationist, and granddaughter of the 26th President of the United States Theodore Roosevelt.

Edwyn E. Mason

Edwyn E. Mason (February 6, 1913 – July 9, 2003) was an American lawyer and politician from New York.

Electoral history of Barry Goldwater

Electoral history of Barry Goldwater, United States Senator from Arizona (1953–1965, 1969–1987) and Republican Party nominee for President of the United States during 1964 election

Phoenix City Council, At-large district, 1949:Elected:

Barry Goldwater – 16,405 (17.3%)

Harry Rosenzweig – 14,887 (15.7%)

Margaret B. Kober – 14,498 (15.3%)

Frank G. Murphy – 13,598 (14.4%)

Charles N. Walters – 12,838 (13.6%)

Hohen Foster – 12,556 (13.3%)Defeated:

Rocky Ford – 4,678 (4.9%)

Tony Grosso – 3,000 (3.2%)

James H. Kerby – 2,177 (2.3%)Phoenix City Council, At-large district, 1951:Elected:

Hohen Foster (inc.)

Barry Goldwater (inc.)

Margaret B. Kober (inc.)

Frank G. Murphy (inc.)

Harry Rosenzweig (inc.)

Charles N. Walters (inc.)Defeated:

A.J. Beaty

Guz Rodriguez

Charles Romaine

Calvin R. Sanders

John W. Strode

James A. Tilley, Sr.Republican primary for the United States Senator (class 1) from Arizona, 1952:

Barry Goldwater – 33,460 (91.0%)

Lester K. Kahl – 3,297 (9.0%)United States Senate election in Arizona, 1952:

Barry Goldwater (R) – 132,063 (51.3%)

Ernest McFarland (D) (inc.) – 125,338 (48.7%)United States Senate election in Arizona, 1958:

Barry Goldwater (R) (inc.) – 164,593 (56.1%)

Ernest McFarland (D) – 129,030 (43.9%)1960 Republican presidential primaries:

Richard Nixon – 4,975,938 (86.6%)

Unpledged – 314,234 (5.5%)

George H. Bender – 211,090 (3.7%)

Cecil H. Underwood – 123,756 (2.2%)

James M. Lloyd – 48,461 (0.8%)

Nelson Rockefeller – 30,639 (0.5%)

Frank R. Beckwith – 19,677 (0.3%)

John F. Kennedy – 12,817 (0.2%)

Barry Goldwater – 3,146 (0.1%)

Paul C. Fisher – 3,146 (0.1%)

Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr. – 514 (0.0%)

Dwight D. Eisenhower (inc.) – 172 (0.0%)

Styles Bridges – 108 (0.0%)1960 Republican National Convention (presidential tally):

Richard Nixon – 1,321 (99.3%)

Barry Goldwater – 10 (0.7%)United States presidential election, 1960:

John F. Kennedy/Lyndon B. Johnson (D) – 34,220,984 (49.7%) and 303 electoral votes (22 states carried)

Richard Nixon/Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr. (R) – 34,108,157 (49.6%) and 219 electoral votes (27 states carried)

Harry F. Byrd/Strom Thurmond (I) – 286,359 (0.4%) and 14 electoral votes (2 states carried)

Harry F. Byrd/Barry Goldwater (I) – 1 electoral vote (Oklahoma faithless elector)

Orval Faubus/John G. Crommelin (National States' Rights) – 44,984 (0.1%)

Charles L. Sullivan/Merritt Curtis (CST) – 18,162 (0.0%)

1964 Republican presidential primaries:

Barry Goldwater – 2,267,079 (38.3%)

Nelson Rockefeller – 1,304,204 (22.1%)

James A. Rhodes – 615,754 (10.4%)

Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr. – 386,661 (6.5%)

John W. Byrnes – 299,612 (5.1%)

William Scranton – 245,401 (4.2%)

Margaret Chase Smith – 227,007 (3.8%)

Richard Nixon – 197,212 (3.3%)

Unpledged – 173,652 (2.9%)

Harold Stassen – 114,083 (1.9%)

1964 Republican National Convention (presidential tally):

Barry Goldwater – 883 (67.5%)

William Scranton – 214 (16.4%)

Nelson Rockefeller – 114 (8.7%)

George W. Romney – 41 (3.1%)

Margaret Chase Smith – 27 (2.1%)

Walter Judd – 22 (1.7%)

Hiram Fong – 5 (0.4%)

Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr. – 2 (0.2%)

United States presidential election, 1964:

Lyndon B. Johnson/Hubert Humphrey (D) – 43,127,041 (61.1%) and 486 electoral votes (44 states and D.C. carried)

Barry Goldwater/William E. Miller (R) – 27,175,754 (38.5%) and 52 electoral votes (6 states carried)

Unpledged electors (D) – 210,732 (0.3%)United States Senate election in Arizona, 1968:

Barry Goldwater (R) – 274,607 (57.2%)

Roy Elson (D) – 205,338 (42.8%)United States Senate election in Arizona, 1974:

Barry Goldwater (R) (inc.) – 320,396 (58.3%)

Jonathan Marshall (D) – 229,523 (41.7%)United States Senate election in Arizona, 1980:

Barry Goldwater (R) (inc.) – 432,371 (49.5%)

Bill Schultz (D) – 422,972 (48.4%)

Fred R. Esser (Libertarian) – 12,008 (1.4%)

Lorenzo Torrez (People over Politics) – 3,608 (0.4%)

Josefina Otero (Socialist Workers) – 3,266 (0.4%)

George W. Milias

George Wallace Milias (September 20, 1925 – October 1, 1977) was a Republican California State Assemblyman, who represented the 22nd Assembly District from 1962 to 1970.Born in Gilroy, California, Milias earned his B.A. with a double major in History and Political Science from San Jose State College and earned his A.M. in California Political History from Stanford University.Milias served as a member of the Santa Clara County Planning Commission from 1958 to 1962, serving as its Vice Chair in 1961 and Chair in 1962. He also served on the Santa Clara County Grand Jury from 1954 to 1956, serving as Foreman in 1956.In Republican politics, Milias served as President of the California Republican Assembly from 1957 to 1958 and Chairman of the California Republican Party from 1958 to 1960. He also served as Vice Chairman of the California delegation to the 1960 Republican National Convention that nominated California Republican Richard Nixon for President of the United States. He was also a delegate to the 1968 Convention that again nominated Nixon for President. In 1960, Milias was named to the National Young Republican Hall of Fame.Elected to the Assembly in 1962, Milias served as Vice Chair of the Fish and Game Committee and of the Conservation and Wildlife Committees during his entire legislative tenure. He also served as Chairman of the Natural Resources and Conservation Committee and a member of the Elections and Constitutional Amendments Committee and the Government Administration Committee.Instead of seeking a fifth term in the Assembly in 1970, Milias sought the Republican nomination for California Secretary of State but lost the nomination to James L. Flournoy, the first African American nominated for partisan statewide office in California, though Flournoy went on to lose the general election to future Governor Jerry Brown, the son of former Governor Pat Brown.From 1973 to 1974, Milias was director of environmental quality for the United States Department of Defense.In the 1974 election, Milias was the Republican nominee for California's 13th congressional district but was defeated by San Jose Mayor Norman Mineta.From 1974 to 1977, Milias was deputy director of the United States Fish and Wildlife Service.Wallace was Milias's mother's maiden name.Milias married Mary Ann in 1962.

George W. Reese Jr.

George Wilson Reese Jr. (August 10, 1923 – January 22, 1998), was a lawyer from New Orleans, who was a leading figure in the development of the Republican Party in the U.S. state of Louisiana during the 1950s and the 1960s. He ran for the United States House of Representatives against Democrat Felix Edward Hébert from Louisiana's 1st congressional district in 1952 and 1954 and the United States Senate in 1960 against incumbent Allen J. Ellender. He was prior to 1960 the state's Republican national committeeman.

Gladys E. Banks

Gladys E. Banks (July 2, 1897 – November 5, 1972) was an American politician from New York.

Harrison Bagwell

Harrison Garey Bagwell Sr. (December 6, 1913 – December 2, 1973), was an attorney and politician in his native Baton Rouge, Louisiana. He is notable as the Republican nominee for governor of Louisiana in 1952; he was only the second Republican to have sought the governorship of Louisiana since 1924.With the state's passage of a constitution in 1898, which raised barriers to voter registration, most African Americans were disenfranchised and excluded from the political system. As they had comprised the great majority of the Republican Party in the state following emancipation, it was essentially destroyed as a competitive force for decades until the late 1960s and later.

International Amphitheatre

The International Amphitheatre was an indoor arena located in Chicago, Illinois, between 1934 and 1999. It was located on the west side of Halsted Street, at 42nd Street, on the city's south side, adjacent to the Union Stock Yards.

The arena was built for $1.5 million, by the Stock Yard company, principally to host the International Livestock Exhibition. The arena replaced Dexter Park, a horse-racing track that had stood on the site for over 50 years prior to its destruction by fire in May 1934. The completion of the Amphitheatre ushered in an era where Chicago reigned as a convention capital. In an era before air conditioning and space for the press and broadcast media were commonplace, the International Amphitheatre was among the first arenas to be equipped with these innovations.

The arena, which seated 9,000, was the first home of the Chicago Packers of the NBA during 1961–62, before changing their name to the Chicago Zephyrs and moving to the Chicago Coliseum for their second season. It was also the home of the Chicago Bulls during their inaugural season of 1966–67; they also played only one game in the Chicago Coliseum, a playoff game in their first season, as no other arena was available for a game versus the St. Louis Hawks. Afterwards, the Bulls then moved permanently to Chicago Stadium.

The Amphitheatre was also the primary home of the Chicago Cougars of the WHA from 1972–1975. It was originally intended to be only a temporary home for the Cougars, but the permanent solution, the Rosemont Horizon, was not completed until 1980, five years after the team folded and a year after the WHA ceased operation. The International Amphitheatre was the home for Chicago's wrestling scene for years as well as the Chicago Auto Show for approximately 20 years beginning in the 1940s.The Amphitheatre hosted several national American political conventions:

1952 Republican National Convention (nominated Dwight D. Eisenhower for President and Richard M. Nixon for Vice President; ticket won)

1952 Democratic National Convention (nominated Adlai E. Stevenson for President and John J. Sparkman for Vice President; ticket lost)

1956 Democratic National Convention (nominated Adlai E. Stevenson for President and Estes Kefauver for Vice President; ticket lost)

1960 Republican National Convention (nominated Richard M. Nixon for President and Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr. for Vice President; ticket lost)

1968 Democratic National Convention (nominated Hubert H. Humphrey for President and Edmund S. Muskie for Vice President; ticket lost)The 1952 Republican National Convention had the distinction of being the first political convention broadcast live by television coast to coast, with special studio facilities provided for all the major networks.The 1968 Democratic National Convention was one of the most tumultuous political conventions in American history, noted by anti-war protests.

Prior to that, the Amphitheatre was noted for being the site of one of Elvis Presley's most notable concerts, in 1957, with the singer wearing his now legendary gold lame suit for the first time.On September 5, 1964 and August 12, 1966, The Beatles performed at the Amphitheatre. The 1966 show was the first show of what proved to be their last tour.Indoor wintertime Drag Racing was held at The Amphitheatre twice. On December 30, 1962, and January 5, 1964. It was great fun, but dangerous, because of the slick cement floors. Drag Racers need asphalt to get tire grip, launch, and control. The Amphitheatre cement "floor" had very little of these.

On March 13–14, 1976, the Midwest Regional of the North American Soccer League's 1976 Indoor tournament was hosted by the Chicago Sting at the Amphitheater. The Rochester Lancers won the Region to advance to the Final Four played in Florida.In October 1978, English rock group UFO recorded Strangers in the Night at the International Amphitheatre.

The Stock Yards closed in 1971, but the Amphitheatre remained open, hosting rock concerts, college basketball and IHSA playoff games, circuses, religious gatherings, and other events. The shift of many conventions and trade shows to the more modern and more conveniently-located lakefront McCormick Place convention center during the 1960s and 1970s began the International Amphitheatre's decline; as other convention and concert venues opened in the suburbs, its bookings dropped more.

In December 1981, Joe Frazier had his final boxing match at the Amphitheatre against Floyd Cummings, which resulted in a draw.

Sold in 1983 for a mere $250,000, the sprawling Amphitheatre became difficult to maintain, and proved unable to attract enough large events to pay for its own upkeep. It was eventually sold to promoters Cardenas & Fernandez and then the City of Chicago, which had no more success at attracting events than its previous owner. In August 1999, demolition of the International Amphitheatre began. An Aramark Uniform Services plant is located on the site once occupied by the Amphitheatre.

Lawrence Lindemer

Lawrence "Larry" Boyd Lindemer (born August 21, 1921) is a former American politician from Michigan.

Lindemer was born in Syracuse, New York. He attended Hamilton College in New York for two years, then transferred to the University of Michigan and graduated with an A.B. degree in 1943. While at the University of Michigan, Lindemer took up residence in Stockbridge, Michigan, and married Rebecca Mead Gale in 1940, with whom he had two sons, Lawrence B., Jr., and David.

Lindemer served as a Second Lieutenant in the U.S. Army Air Force in World War II. After the war, he received a law degree from the University of Michigan Law School and began practice in 1948, but quickly took an interest in politics. He served as Assistant Prosecuting Attorney for Ingham County in 1949 and 1950.

In 1950, Lindemer ran for the Michigan State House of Representatives from Ingham County 2nd District. He defeated incumbent Jacob Schepers in the September Republican primary election, and went on to win the general election in November. In the August 1952 Republican primary, he lost to John J. McCune, who went on to win the general election. Lindemer then moved to Washington, D.C. to serve on the Hoover Commission from 1953 until 1955.

In 1955, Lindemer joined the law firm of Foster, Foster and Campbell. He was also chair of the Michigan Republican Party from 1957 to 1961 and was a delegate to the 1960 Republican National Convention and an alternate to the 1964 convention. In 1964, he served as Midwest Campaign Director for Nelson Rockefeller, a longtime friend, in his campaign for President. From 1962 to 1970, he also served as Commissioner of the State Bar of Michigan.

Lindemer was a candidate for Michigan Attorney General in 1966, losing to incumbent Democrat Frank J. Kelley. In 1968, he was appointed to the University of Michigan Board of Regents, then won election, and served from 1969 to 1975.

On June 2, 1975, Lindemer was appointed by Michigan Governor William G. Milliken to the Michigan Supreme Court to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Justice Thomas M. Kavanagh. In the November 1976 general election, Lindemer lost to Democrat Blair Moody, Jr..

Lindemer subsequently worked as general counsel for Consumers Power Company and was later employed with the law firm of Foster, Swift, Collins and Smith, P.C.

Paul J. Rogan

Paul J. Rogan (August 21, 1918 – January 29, 1980) was a member of the Wisconsin State Assembly and the Wisconsin State Senate.

Raymond Peter Hillinger

Raymond Peter Hillinger (May 2, 1904 – November 13, 1971) was an American prelate of the Roman Catholic Church. He served as Bishop of Rockford (1954–1956) and Auxiliary Bishop of Chicago (1956–1971).

Robert S. Travis

Robert S. Travis (May 2, 1909 – August 14, 1980) was a member of the Wisconsin State Assembly and the Wisconsin State Senate.

Travis was born in Platteville, Wisconsin. During World War II, he served in the United States Army crewing a radar truck in the European theater. Travis went to Michigan State University; he was the manager of Irvington Dairy Products on Omaha, Nebraska and was an insurance agent. His son Robert S. Travis, Jr. also served in the Wisconsin Assembly. He died on August 14, 1980 in Platteville, Wisconsin.

Shirley Adele Field

Shirley A. Field (1923 – 1995) was an Oregon legislator and judge.

Victor Emanuel Anderson

Victor Emanuel Anderson (March 30, 1902 – August 15, 1962) was an American politician from the state of Nebraska. A member of the Republican Party, he served in the Nebraska Legislature, as mayor of the capital city of Lincoln, and as the 28th governor of the state.

Anderson, the son of Swedish immigrants, Ernest F. and Marie Larson Anderson, was born in Havelock, Nebraska (which was subsequently incorporated into Lincoln). He attended the University of Nebraska after his graduation from Havelock High School in 1920. However, he left the university two and one-half years later to become a partner in his father's plumbing and hardware business. He was married on December 27, 1941 to Elizabeth (Betty) May and the couple had one son, Roger Lee.

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