1960 24 Hours of Le Mans

The 1960 24 Hours of Le Mans was the 28th 24 Hours of Le Mans Grand Prix of Endurance, and took place on 25 and 26 June 1960, on Circuit de la Sarthe. It was the fifth and final round of the F.I.A. World Sports Car Championship as well as being the fifth round of the inaugural FIA GT Cup. It was held just a week after the tragic Belgian F1 GP in which four drivers, including Stirling Moss were either killed or seriously injured. The prospect of a duel between the 3-litre (180 cu in) Ferrari versus the 2-litre (120 cu in) Porsche championship-leaders was enough to draw large crowds to the 24 Hours race and some 200,000 spectators had gathered for Europe's classic sports car race, around the 13.5 km (8.4 mi) course.

Le Mans Circuit de la Sarthe 1932-1967
Le Mans in 1960

Faced with a must-win result to take the World Championship, Ferrari came well-prepared and with 13 entries, from the works and privateer teams. Their main competition would come from Maserati and the British teams, although American Corvettes also made an appearance in the GT-category. The race was barely three hours old when torrential rain hit the circuit causing a number of accidents and issues as water got into the engines. More and more rivals fell away through the night leaving Ferrari to dominate the race. In the end its Sports and GT cars taking 7 of the top 8 places, with only the Aston Martin of the Scottish Border Reivers team in 3rd breaking the sequence. Belgian Olivier Gendebien got his second victory, this time with his countryman, sports journalist/racing-driver, Paul Frère in the works car. Through fast, but reliable, driving they were never seriously threatened, finishing four laps and over 50km ahead of the second-placed Ferrari.

1960 24 Hours of Le Mans
Previous: 1959 Next: 1961
Index: Races | Winners

Regulations

After its overhaul of the GT classes in its Appendix J regulations, the CSI (Commission Sportive Internationale - the FIA’s regulations body) looked at retro-fitting them to the Appendix C rules for Sports Cars.

There were fourteen classes based on engine capacity (with a maximum of 5 litres (310 cu in) although the World Championship was only open to a 3-litre (180 cu in) maximum[1]) with corresponding set fuel tank sizes. But it was the minimum height and width of widescreens (based on those of GT cars) that caused controversy and after the first round in Argentina a number of senior drivers had protested about the danger in poor weather.[2] There were also new provisions for minimum luggage space, carrying the spare wheel inboard, a minimum ground clearance of 120 mm (4.7 in) and a maximum turning-circle of 13.5 metres (44 ft).[3][4]

Classes Capacity Fuel tank
size[3]
13 / 14 / 15 4.0, 5.0, 5.0+L 140 litres
11 / 12 2.5, 3.0L 120 litres
9 / 10 1.5-1.6, 2.0L 100 litres
7 / 8 / 9 1.15, 1.3, to 1.5L 80 litres
4 / 5 / 6 0.7, 0.85, 1.0L 60 litres

GT cars had to be at least 1,000 cc (61 cu in) and needed a minimum of 100 cars manufactured within 12 months. Although some bodywork changes could be done the net weight could not change by more than 5%.[3]

With the new fuel-tank sizes, the Automobile Club de l'Ouest (ACO) dropped the minimum distance between fuel refills but kept the 25-lap limit for the other fluids. The maximum single-stint for a driver was increased to 52 laps (about 4 hours), although the total driver time was still 14 hours.[3][4] To be classified, cars had to complete the last lap in less than 30 minutes, and stay within 20% of their nominated Index distance at every 6 hour interval.[5]

To promote their new Index of Thermal Efficiency fuel-economy competition, this year the ACO increased the prize money at the expense of the older Index of Performance. After the 1960 currency devaluation, the winner's purse was now 30000 New Francs (about £6750 equivalent at the time) and 2000 New Francs respectively (and 50000 New Frances for the overall distance winner). The Index calculations were also tweaked slightly to account for the bigger windscreens reducing top speeds.[3][6]

Entries

The ACO received 72 entries for the event, of which only 58 were allowed to practice trying to qualify for the 55 places on the grid (increasing by one from the 54 of previous years).[7][8] Official ‘works’ entries numbered 27, but a number of companies gave strong support to their customer teams. Going into the last race of the championship both Scuderia Ferrari and Porsche arrived with 4-car teams.[9]

Category Classes Sports
Entries
GT
Entries
Total
Entries
Large-engines 5.0+, 5.0, 4.0, 3.0, 2.5L 12 13 25
Medium-engines 2.0, 1.6, 1.3L 10 (+1 reserve) 7 (+2 reserves) 17
Small-engines 1.15, 1.0, 0.85L 13 (+4 reserves) 0 13
Total Cars 35 (+5 reserves) 20 (+2 reserves) 55 (+7 reserves)

With last year's winner Aston Martin having withdrawn from sports car racing to concentrate on Formula One, Ferrari were once again favourites, even though they had only won the opening round of the championship in Argentina and were trailing Porsche in the championship standings. Four works cars arrived: two were updated Testarossas and two were the new TRI chassis with independent suspension. Driving the updated TR59/60s this year the experienced pairing of Gendebien & Phil Hill were split up. Belgian Gendebien was paired with compatriot Paul Frère (who had been second in 1959 for Aston Martin), while Hill was driving with fellow Ferrari F1 team-member Wolfgang von Trips. One of the newer TRIs were driven by the other Scuderia F1 drivers Willy Mairesse/Richie Ginther and the second by youngsters Ludovico Scarfiotti/ Ricardo Rodríguez. A 1959-model Testarossa was also run by Luigi Chinetti’s North American Racing Team (NART), driven by the older Rodriguez brother, Pedro and André Pilette.[10]

Even though the company was still having financial difficulties, this year marked the successful return of Maserati to sports car racing with the highly competitive Tipo 61 ‘Birdcage’, raced by American Lloyd Casner's Camoradi Racing Team. The new team, sponsored by Goodyear tyres, had just caused an upset winning the previous race in the championship at the Nürburgring. Three cars were entered, driven by Casner himself with Jim Jeffords, Gino Munaron/Giorgio Scarlatti, while Masten Gregory and Chuck Daigh drove the updated original prototype. Designer Giulio Alfieri had carefully interpreted the CSI windscreen rules which specified a height but not an angle. So with a windscreen almost half the length of the car, it was very aerodynamic and very fast – reaching 170 mph (275 km/h) on the Mulsanne straight, compared to the Testarossa's 160 mph (255 km/h).[11][12]

This year there were four British cars in the premier class. Ecurie Ecosse entered the 6-year old D-Type that had finished 2nd in 1957, modified with an enlarged windscreen and luggage hump, detracting from its formerly elegant lines. It was driven by Ron Flockhart and Bruce Halford.[13] Their local rivals, Jock McBain's Border Reivers team ran an equally modified Aston Martin DBR, with the previous year's winner Roy Salvadori this year partnered with rising star Jim Clark. The Aston Martin that won that race had been bought by Ian Baillie, a Major in the Grenadier Guards who had Jack Fairman as co-driver.[14]

The other British car caused a sensation and marked a welcome return to Le Mans for American Briggs Cunningham. Jaguar Cars had worked with Cunningham, their New York dealer, to prepare one of their new E-type prototypes for competition. The 3-litre XK-engine developed 290 bhp (against the Testarossa's 300 bhp) giving a top speed of 158 mph (254 km/h).[15] Americans Dan Gurney and Walt Hansgen were the drivers.

After two outright wins (at Sebring and the Targa Florio) Porsche came to Le Mans as leaders of the Championship with its new RS60 variant. But with a top speed of only 145 mph (235 kp/h) they would be no match for the bigger cars on the long straight. Working with the new rules, they fitted two cars with special 1606cc engines (generating 180 bhp) to put them into the 2-litre category with the consequent bigger fuel tank. They were also the only team to fit wipers on both the inside and outside of the windscreens.[16] This year the works cars were driven by Jo Bonnier/Graham Hill and Hans Herrmann/ Maurice Trintignant. Edgar Barth / Wolfgang Seidel drove the regular RS60, supported again by the two privateer entries from Carel Godin de Beaufort and Jean Kerguen.

Triumph returned to take on the Porsches with their TRS prototype of the upcoming TR4, led once again by former winner Ninian Sanderson.[17] The privateer MG that raced the previous year also returned. In the smaller classes there were single entries from Alfa Romeo and the new Lola company competing in the S-1150 class. The Lola Mk 1 was fitted with the Coventry Climax FWA engine, developing 90 bhp. It was also the lightest car in the field, only 567 kg (1,250 lb)[4]

In the next class down, S-1000, two works DB-Panhards would vie with Austin-Healey returning to the circuit with their new Sprite. In the busy smallest class there were eleven entries including four DB-Panhards, as well as Stanguellini, OSCA and a trio of cars from Fiat performance-specialists Abarth. Reflecting changing times, the six DB-Panhard sports were the only French cars in the field this year.[18]

There were 22 entries in the GT classes. The largest cars in the race were four 4.6-litre (280 cu in) V8 Chevrolet Corvettes after a good showing at Sebring. The Rochester smallblock engine generated over 300 bhp and got up to 150 mph (240 km/h). Stopping the heavy cars would be an issue and many thought they would suffer from brake problems on the tight corners like at the end of the long Mulsanne Straight.[19] Three were entered by Briggs Cunningham, returning to Le Mans after five years away. He drove one with Bill Kimberly, with the others by Dick Thompson/Fred Windridge and Cunningham team-regular John Fitch/Bob Grossman. The fourth Corvette was entered by the Camoradi team.[20][21]

Up against them was a squadron of eight Ferrari 250 GTs. Forghieri's new short-wheelbase variant had just been homologated on raceweek. The V12 3-litre engine produced 280 bhp with a top speed of 160 mph (255 km/h). Three were entered by Chinetti's NART, two more by the Belgian Ecurie Francorchamps and Equipe Nationale Belge. There were also entries from the new Italian Scuderia Serenissima, Graham Whitehead (changing from running Jaguar and Aston Martin) and Le Mans local Fernand Tavano who had only received his car at the start of the week.[13][22]

Lotus dominated the middle categories with the five Elites. One of the three works cars had been given the 2-litre (120 cu in) FPF Climax engine to enter the GT-2000 class against a pair of privateer AC Aces.[15] Porsche entered a new coupé version of the 356, styled by Abarth and capable of over 140 mph (225 km/h). It would be driven by Herbert Linge and Heini Walter.[23]

Practice

After the success last year, the ACO was again able to close the public roads on 9 April. Fourteen cars took advantage of the 10 hours of extended testing time.[3]

Official qualifying was held over two sessions for a total of 540 minutes over the two days and there were two major accidents. On Wednesday evening after having just done a fast qualifying lap, Dan Gurney in his Jaguar E2A collided at 150 mph (240 km/h) with Fritz d’Orey's Sc. Serenissima Ferrari GT. D’Orey's car speared off the track and hit a roadside tree with such force that it broke the car in two. The young Brazilian suffered severe head injuries that kept him in hospital for 8 months. On Thursday, Jonathon Sieff's Team Lotus car had catastrophic suspension collapse while on the Mulsanne straight. He hit a small hut and the Marks & Spencer heir was badly injured.[9] Out of caution, Lotus withdrew its 2-litre (120 cu in) GT as it was fitted with the same suspension units.[24]

On Friday, when the roads were public domain once again, the repaired Jaguar went out for test laps finding its handling was not perfect.[24]

Race

Start

With no Stirling Moss at the race, it was the equally fleet-footed Jim Clark who was first away in his Aston Martin. But he was soon overtaken, firstly by Walt Hansgen in the Jaguar prototype, then the extremely fast Camoradi Maserati. After a delayed start Masten Gregory blasted past twenty cars to be leading at the end of the first lap. He set about building a considerable lead, getting out to 70 seconds at the end of an incident-free first hour. The five Testarossas, led by Gendebien, were 2nd through 6th, then came the Ecosse Jaguar, Scarlatti's Maserati and Tavano leading the GT classes ahead of Clark in 10th.

But it was as the first pit-stops were approaching that things started going wrong. The increased drag on the enlarged windscreens meant fuel consumption was increased. Two of the Ferraris, pushing hard to keep up with the Maserati were caught out and both von Trips and Scarlatti ran out of fuel ending up marooned out on the track on their 22nd lap. Gendebien was extremely lucky to run out just as he approached the pits, and coasted into his pit-box.[25] Then when Gregory brought in the Maserati from the lead to refuel and change drivers the car refused to restart. They lost nearly an hour, and 11 laps, while the starter motor was replaced. Rejoining in 46th place they made up 17 places before soaked electrics put them out after midnight.[26] Refueled, Frère, then Gendebien, took a lead they would never relinquish.

Going into the third hour it started to rain heavily, even hailing at times, creating havoc on the track. With the windscreens impossible to see through, many drivers pitted for cushions to allow them to see over the screens.[26][27] Bill Kimberley had just taken over Cunningham's Corvette, sent out by his team manager on slick tyres when he aquaplaned off at Maison Blanche, rolled end-over-end twice then slid down the grass ending right side up. Fortunately Kimberly was unhurt.[28][29]

At 8pm, after four hours, Gendebien and Frère had a lap's lead over the field. Gunther/Mairesse led the chase ahead of the NART Ferrari and Ecosse Jaguar then, a lap further back, the Aston Martin & Tavano leading the GT classes.

Night

Going into the night, with the better handling Aston Martin, and superb car control, Clark and Salvadori were able to catch up and overtake the Ferraris, getting up to second place soon after 11pm. The rain then eased allowing the power of the Ferraris to come to bear again. At midnight, after 8 hours racing, Gendebien still led from Ginther/Mairesse, then the Aston Martin, Rodriguez’ Ferrari and the Ecosse Jaguar. In 6th was Whitehead's Ferrari leading the GTs, chased by the Fitch/Grossman Corvette and the French & Belgian Ferrari GTs. In 10th was the first Porsche, of Barth/Seidel, with a handy lead over the rest of the smaller cars.

The final Maserati (Casner's own) retired with engine issues likely caused by debris from Casner's slip into the Tertre Rouge sand-trap.[30][31] The E-type lost three laps at the start with fuel-injection issues, had fought back to the edge of the top-10, lost time with burnt pistons then retired with a blown head gasket after midnight.

Later through the night Pedro Rodriguez put in very fast laps moving up from 5th to catch, pass and then lap Mairesse into second, only to lose it again when he was stopped for ten minutes to fix a misfire. The Ecosse Jaguar had been running third and fourth through the night until at dawn at 5.30am it came to a halt at Arnage with a broken camshaft.[32][33] It was the end of the illustrious D-type story at Le Mans.

Morning

By Sunday morning, the rain had cleared and the sun was shining. About 8.15am, with Gendebien/ Frère now holding a 5-lap lead,[33] the Ginther/Mairesse Ferrari's gearbox gave up, handing second place back to the NART car, now well ahead of the Aston Martin. Through most of the race the Laureau/Armagnac DB had been leading the Index of Performance from the Guichet/Condriller Abarth, with one of the Porsches back in 3rd. The Porsches had been falling away through the night. After being delayed at the start, the Hill/Bonnier car had got back up to 14th until it too was stopped with engine problems. It was the smaller car of Barth/Seidel that had been the best performer, getting up to 9th and mixing it with the Ferrari and Corvette GTs when it started getting gearbox problems.

The Ferrari GTs had all been running strongly. The Whitehead/Taylor car, after initially leading the GT pack until midnight, had been chasing the French Ferrari of Tavano running in 4th. Then at 12.45 when Taylor was travelling at full speed down the Mulsanne straight the engine detonated with such force it blew the bonnet of the car.[34]

Finish and post-race

With the retirements, the remaining Corvette of Fitch/Grossman had moved up to 6th. Then with barely two hours Grossman came in with no water, well before the next fluid refill. Fetching ice from their VIP tent, the crew packed it around the engine instructing the driver to do 10-minute laps, attracting great attention from the crowd.[35] Then the gearbox of the Barth Porsche lost three of it gears with a couple of hours to go. The team parked it up waiting for the last quarter-hour to make a fraught final lap. In the meantime it was overtaken by the Porsche GT that finished 10th.[36]

Otherwise, the last part of the race was processional. The winning partnership of Gendebien and Frère, averaged a speed of 106.201 mph (170.914 km/h), and their winning margin over the second placed crew was four laps, driven by Ricardo Rodríguez and André Pilette. Coming home third, a further four laps adrift, was 1959 winner Roy Salvadori with Jim Clark in their Aston Martin, breaking up the Ferrari train. The Ferrari GTs followed up their 3-4-5-6 result in 1959 with a 4-5-6-7, forming up in a formation finish behind the leading Testarossas.[37][38] The Corvette struggled on, finishing 8th, before the engine seized completely just after the finishing line. The other Aston Martin, despite leaking oil for most of the race they stayed consistent and finished 9th.

Once again the bullet-proof Panhard-engined DBs performed very well, four of the five cars finishing. The 851 cc (51.9 cu in) coupé of Bouharde and Jaeger ran an impressive 32 mpg‑imp (8.8 L/100 km; 27 mpg‑US) fuel economy. The open-top spyder of Armagnac and Laureau comfortably won the Index of Performance going over 25% than its nominal distance. They were also the final winners of the Biennial Cup for best performance over consecutive years.[39]

But it was the two surviving Lotus Elites that carried off the Thermal Efficiency prize – the works car just beating the French privateer entry. The three Triumphs staged a formation finish, however after battling valve problems all race none could cover their mandatory distance and were not classified.[40] British cars also won class trophies – the privateer MG was first 2-litre car home and the Austin-Healey Sprite beat the DBs in the 1-litre class.

A proud day for Belgium with three of the drivers in the first two cars coming from that country. The Belgian Prince de Mérode was the honorary starter in his role as President of the FIA, and on hand to congratulate his countrymen at the end of the race. Likewise the Belgian king sent telegrams of congratulations to the drivers.[41][4] After this success, Paul Frère retired from racing, to resume his regular employment as a motoring journalist, and consultant on motor-racing regulations.[41]

Official results

Finishers

Results taken from Quentin Spurring's book, officially licensed by the ACO[42] Class Winners are in Bold text.

Pos Class No Team Drivers Chassis Engine Laps
1 S3.0 11 Italy Scuderia Ferrari Belgium Olivier Gendebien
Belgium Paul Frère
Ferrari 250 TR59/60 Ferrari 3.0L V12 314
2 S3.0 17 United States North American Racing Team Belgium André Pilette
Mexico Ricardo Rodríguez
Ferrari 250 TR59 Ferrari 3.0L V12 310
3 S3.0 7 United Kingdom Border Reivers United Kingdom Roy Salvadori
United Kingdom Jim Clark
Aston Martin DBR1/300 Aston Martin 3.0L S6 306
4 GT3.0 16 France F. Tavano
(private entrant)
France Fernand Tavano
France “Loustel” (Pierre Dumay)
Ferrari 250 GT SWB Ferrari 3.0L V12 302
5 GT3.0 18 United States North American Racing Team United States George Arents
United States Alan Connell, Jr
Ferrari 250 GT SWB Ferrari 3.0L V12 300
6 GT3.0 22 Belgium Ecurie Francorchamps Belgium “Eldé” (Leon Dernier)
Belgium Pierre Noblet
Ferrari 250 GT SWB Ferrari 3.0L V12 300
7 GT3.0 19 United States North American Racing Team United States Ed Hugus
United States Augie Pabst
Ferrari 250 GT SWB Ferrari 3.0L V12 299
8 GT5.0 3 United States B.S. Cunningham United States John Fitch
United States Bob Grossman
Chevrolet Corvette C1 Coupé Chevrolet 4.6L V8 281
9 S3.0 8 United Kingdom Maj I.B. Baillie
(private entrant)
United Kingdom Ian Baillie
United Kingdom Jack Fairman
Aston Martin DBR1/300 Aston Martin 3.0L S6 281
N/C* GT5.0 4 United States Camoradi USA United States Fred Gamble
United States Leon Lilley
Chevrolet Corvette C1 Coupé Chevrolet 4.6L V8 275
10 GT1.6 35 West Germany Porsche KG West Germany Herbert Linge
West Germany Hans Walter
Porsche 356B Carrera Porsche 1588cc F4 269
11 S1.6 39 West Germany Porsche KG East Germany Edgar Barth
West Germany
Wolfgang Seidel
Porsche 718 RS60/4 Porsche 1498cc F4 264
12 S2.0 32 United Kingdom E. Lund
(private entrant)
United Kingdom Ted Lund
United Kingdom Colin Escott
MG MGA Twin Cam Coupé BMC 1762cc S4 262
13 GT1.3 44 France R. Masson
(private entrant)
France Roger Masson
France Claude Laurent
Lotus Elite Coventry Climax
FWE 1216cc S4
261
14 GT1.3 41 United Kingdom Team Lotus Engineering United Kingdom John Wagstaff
United Kingdom Tony Marsh
Lotus Elite Coventry Climax
FWE 1216cc S4
257
N/C* S2.0 28 United Kingdom Standard Triumph Ltd United Kingdom Keith Ballisat
France Marcel Becquart
Triumph TRS Triumph 1985cc S4 256
15 S850 48 France Automobiles
Deutsch et Bonnet
France Gérard Laureau
France Paul Armagnac
D.B. HBR-4 LM Panhard 702cc
supercharged F2
253
N/C* S2.0 59
(reserve)
United Kingdom Standard Triumph Ltd United Kingdom Les Leston
United States Mike Rothschild
Triumph TRS Triumph 1985cc S4 252
N/C* S2.0 29 United Kingdom Standard Triumph Ltd United Kingdom Ninian Sanderson
United Kingdom Peter Bolton
Triumph TRS Triumph 1985cc S4 249
16 S1.0 46 United Kingdom Donald Healey Motor Company United Kingdom John Dalton
United States John Colgate
Austin-Healey Sprite Spyder. BMC 571cc S4 246
17 S1.0 47 France Automobiles
Deutsch et Bonnet
France Pierre Lelong
France Maurice van der Bruwaene
D.B. HBR-5 Panhard 851cc F2 244
N/C* GT2.0 30 Switzerland Ecurie Lausannoise Switzerland André Wicky
Switzerland Georges Gachnang
AC Ace Coupé Bristol 1971cc S6 239
18 S850 54 United States E. Hugus
(private entrant)
United States John Bentley
United States John Gordon
O.S.C.A. Nuevo Sport 750 OSCA 746cc S4 237
19 S1.0 56 France Automobiles
Deutsch et Bonnet
France Robert Bourharde
France Jean-François Jaeger
D.B. HBR-4 Coupé Panhard 851cc F2 228
20 S1.0 52 France Automobiles
Deutsch et Bonnet
France René Bartholoni
France Bernard de Saint-Auban
D.B. HBR-4 Super Rallye Panhard 851cc F2 223
  • Note *: Not Classified because car failed to complete 80% of its Index of Performance distance

Championship points were awarded for the first six places in each race in the order of 8-6-4-3-2-1. Manufacturers were only awarded points for their highest finishing car with no points awarded for additional cars finishing. Only the best 4 results out of the 6 races would be included for the final score. Points earned but not counted towards the championship are given in brackets.

Citations
  1. ^ Clausager 1982, p.109
  2. ^ Spurring 2010, p.18
  3. ^ a b c d e f Spurring 2011, p.18
  4. ^ a b c d Moity 1974, p.81
  5. ^ Clarke 2009, p.46: Autocar Jun24 1960
  6. ^ a b Clarke 2009, p.48: Autocar Jun24 1960
  7. ^ http://www.racingsportscars.com/race/Le_Mans-1960-06-26.html
  8. ^ http://www.lemans-history.com/provas.php?ano=1960
  9. ^ a b Spurring 2011, p.17
  10. ^ Spurring 2010, p.20
  11. ^ Spurring 2010, p.23
  12. ^ Moity 1974, p.79
  13. ^ a b Spurring 2010, p.35
  14. ^ Spurring 2010, p.29
  15. ^ a b Spurring 2010, p.26
  16. ^ Spurring 2010, p.31
  17. ^ Spurring 2010, p.37
  18. ^ Spurring 2010, p.24
  19. ^ http://www.conceptcarz.com/vehicle/z9082/Chevrolet-Corvette-LeMans-Racer.aspx
  20. ^ Spurring 2010, p.28
  21. ^ http://www.conceptcarz.com/vehicle/z9082/Chevrolet-Corvette-LeMans-Racer.aspx
  22. ^ Clarke 2009, p.64: Motor Jun29 1960
  23. ^ Spurring 2010, p.33
  24. ^ a b Spurring 2011, p.26
  25. ^ Spurring 2011, p.20
  26. ^ a b Spurring 2011, p.19
  27. ^ Clarke 2009, p.58: Motor Jun29 1960
  28. ^ Spurring 2011, p.28
  29. ^ http://www.conceptcarz.com/vehicle/z9082/Chevrolet-Corvette-LeMans-Racer.aspx
  30. ^ Spurring 2011, p.23
  31. ^ Clarke 2009, p.55: Car and Driver Oct 1960
  32. ^ Spurring 2011, p.35
  33. ^ a b Clarke 2009, p.63: Motor Jun29 1960
  34. ^ Spurring 2011, p.35
  35. ^ Spurring 2011, p.29
  36. ^ Spurring 2011, p.33
  37. ^ http://www.teamdan.com/archive/wsc/1960/60lemans.html
  38. ^ http://www.racingsportscars.com/race/Le_Mans-1960-06-26.html
  39. ^ Spurring 2011, p.25
  40. ^ Spurring 2011, p.37
  41. ^ a b Spurring 2011, p.21
  42. ^ Spurring 2010, p.2
  43. ^ Wilkins 1960, p.203

References

  • Clarke, R.M. - editor (1997) Le Mans 'The Jaguar Years 1949-1957' Cobham, Surrey: Brooklands Books ISBN 1-85520-357X
  • Clarke, R.M. - editor (2009) Le Mans 'The Ferrari Years 1958-1965' Cobham, Surrey: Brooklands Books ISBN 1-85520-372-3
  • Clausager, Anders (1982) Le Mans London: Arthur Barker Ltd ISBN 0-213-16846-4
  • Laban, Brian (2001) Le Mans 24 Hours London: Virgin Books ISBN 1-85227-971-0
  • Moity, Christian (1974) The Le Mans 24 Hour Race 1949-1973 Radnor, Pennsylvania: Chilton Book Co ISBN 0-8019-6290-0
  • Spurring, Quentin (2010) Le Mans 1960-69 Yeovil, Somerset: Haynes Publishing ISBN 978-1-84425-584-9
  • Wilkins, Gordon - editor (1960) Automobile Year #8 1960-61 Lausanne: Edita S.A.

External links

  • Racing Sports Cars – Le Mans 24 Hours 1960 entries, results, technical detail. Retrieved 12 November 2017
  • Le Mans History – Le Mans History, hour-by-hour (incl. pictures, YouTube links). Retrieved 12 November 2017
  • Sportscars.tv – race commentary. Retrieved 12 November 2017
  • World Sports Racing Prototypes – results, reserve entries & chassis numbers. Retrieved 12 November 2017
  • Formula 2 – Le Mans 1960 results & reserve entries. Retrieved 10 August 2017
  • ConceptCarz ] – article about Corvette's race. Retrieved 16 November 2017
  • Team Dan – results & reserve entries, explaining driver listings. Retrieved 12 November 2017
  • Unique Cars & Parts – results & reserve entries. Retrieved 12 November 2017
  • YouTube “Corvette at Le Mans” colour documentary by GM (35 mins). Retrieved 12 November 2017
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1960 in Mexico

Events in the year 1960 in Mexico.

Bob Wallace (test driver)

Bob Wallace (1938 – 19 September 2013) was a New Zealand test driver, automotive engineer and mechanic, best known for his role in developing early Lamborghini road cars.

Ferrari 330 TRI/LM

The Ferrari 330 TRI/LM Spyder (chassis number 0808) is a unique racing sports car purpose-built in 1962 by Ferrari to achieve victory at the 24 Hours of Le Mans. It was the last Ferrari racing sports car with a front-mounted engine and the last of a series of Ferrari race cars known as the Testa Rossas. The "I" in its designation indicates that the car has an independent rear suspension (indipendente in Italian).

Beginning in 1960 as a 250 TRI/60 Fantuzzi Spyder (chassis 0780TR), the car was badly damaged in a crash during a practice session for the 1960 Targa Florio road race (its debut). It was rebuilt, failing to finish at the 1960 24 Hours of Le Mans then finishing second at the 1961 12 Hours of Sebring, before being damaged again in its second Targa Florio outing. After finishing second at the 1961 Nürburgring 1000km and 1961 24 Hours of Le Mans, it won at the 1961 Pescara 4 Hours.

Following Pescara, regulatory changes allowed Ferrari to rebuild 0780TR into its final form as the 330 TRI/LM (chassis 0808), with a larger 4.0 liter V12 engine and a new body. The 330 TRI/LM won the 1962 24 Hours of Le Mans, the last front-engine car to win the race. It was then sold to Luigi Chinetti's NART, competing in North America with some success before returning to the 1963 24 Hours of Le Mans. The car was running in third place into the night against newer, factory-mid-engine Ferrari prototypes when it crashed and dropped out of the race.

The 330 TRI/LM's racing career ended after the 1963 24 Hours of Le Mans and it was subsequently repaired and rebuilt as a road car. Since then, it has been owned by several different collectors and restored back to 1962 specification. The car most recently sold to Gregorio Pérez Companc, who paid €7,000,000 in 2007.

Jim Clark

James Clark Jr. OBE (4 March 1936 – 7 April 1968) was a British Formula One racing driver from Scotland, who won two World Championships, in 1963 and 1965.

Clark was a versatile driver who competed in sports cars, touring cars and in the Indianapolis 500, which he won in 1965. He was particularly associated with the Lotus marque.

Clark was killed in a Formula Two racing accident in 1968 in Hockenheim, West Germany. At the time of his death, aged 32, he had won more Grand Prix races (25) and achieved more Grand Prix pole positions (33) than any other driver. In 2009, The Times placed Clark at the top of a list of the greatest-ever Formula One drivers.

Lloyd Casner

Lloyd Perry Casner (August 30, 1928 in Miami, Florida – April 10, 1965 in Le Mans, France) was and American race car driver and the creator of the Casner Motor Racing Division team.

An airline pilot by trade, "Lucky" Casner developed an interest in the Maserati Birdcage, and started his team in order to enter the 1960 24 Hours of Le Mans. In August 1960, a Tipo 61 entered by Casner's Team Camoradi, driven by Stirling Moss and Dan Gurney, won the 1000 km of Nurburgring.

Sharing a Birdcage with Masten Gregory, Casner won the 1961 1000km Nürburgring for Team Camoradi, but never won Le Mans. He was killed when he crashed a new Maserati during testing for the upcoming 1965 24 Hours of Le Mans. He was featured in the 1961 film The Green Helmet.

Casner participated in one non-Championship Formula One race, the 1961 Glover Trophy.

Maserati Tipo 61

The Maserati Tipo 61 (commonly referred to as the Maserati Birdcage) is a sports racing car of the early 1960s. The car was produced between 1959 and 1961 by Maserati for racing in sports car events including the 24 Hours of Le Mans endurance classic. It used an intricate tubular space frame chassis, containing about 200 chro-moly steel tubes welded together, hence the nickname "Birdcage". This method of construction provided a more rigid and, at the same time, lighter chassis than other sports cars of the time.

By recessing the windscreen base into the bodywork, Maserati was able to reduce the effect of new Le Mans rules demanding a tall windscreen.

The Camoradi team became famous racing the Tipo 61s but, despite being very competitive, the Birdcage was somewhat unreliable and occasionally retired from many races due to problems with the drivetrain.A modern car - the Maserati MC12 is available only in white and blue to serve as a tribute to the Tipo 61 and the Camoradi racing team.

Masten Gregory

Masten Gregory (February 29, 1932 − November 8, 1985) was an American racing driver. He raced in Formula One between 1957 and 1965, participating in 43 World Championship races, and numerous non-Championship races.

Paul Frère

Paul Frère (30 January 1917 – 23 February 2008) was a racing driver and journalist from Belgium. He participated in eleven World Championship Formula One Grands Prix debuting on 22 June 1952 and achieving one podium finish with a total of eleven championship points. He drove in several non-Championship Formula One races.

He also won the 1960 24 Hours of Le Mans, driving for Ferrari with fellow Belgian teammate Olivier Gendebien.

Sport in Mexico

The most popular sport in Mexico is association football followed by boxing. However, there are regional variations: for example, baseball is the most popular sport in the northwest and the southeast of the country. Basketball, American football and bull riding (called "Jaripeo") are also popular.

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