The following are the Pulitzer Prizes for 1956.
Nationality words link to articles with information on the nation's poetry or literature (for instance, Irish or France).Alfred A. Knopf
Alfred A. Knopf, Inc. () is a New York publishing house that was founded by Alfred A. Knopf Sr. and Blanche Knopf in 1915. Blanche and Alfred traveled abroad regularly and were known for publishing European, Asian, and Latin American writers in addition to leading American literary trends. It was acquired by Random House in 1960, which was later acquired by Bertelsmann in 1998, and is now part of the Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group. The Knopf publishing house is associated with its borzoi colophon, which was designed by co-founder Blanche Knopf in 1925.Arthur Daley (sportswriter)
Arthur John Daley (July 31, 1904 – January 3, 1974) was an American sports journalist. As a reporter and columnist, he wrote for The New York Times for almost fifty years. In 1956, he was awarded a Pulitzer Prize for reporting and commentary.Charles Bartlett
Charles Bartlett may refer to:
Charles W. Bartlett (1860–1940), English painter and printmaker
Charles Lafayette Bartlett (1853–1938), U.S. Representative from Georgia, 1895–1915
Charles L. Bartlett (journalist) (1921–2017), winner of the 1956 Pulitzer Prize for National Reporting
Charles Henry Bartlett (1885–1968), British track cyclist
Charles Bartlett (film director) (1888–?), American silent film director
Charles Bartlett (artist) (1921–2014), British artist
Charles Alfred Bartlett (Iceberg Charlie, 1868–1945), captain of the HMHS Britannic
Charles Bartlett (RAF officer) (1889–1986), English World War I flying ace
Charles L. Bartlett (mayor) (died 1898), U.S. baker and mayor of Marlborough, Massachusetts
Charles H. Bartlett (1833–1900), American lawyer and politician in New Hampshire
Charles Bartlett (American football) (1899–1965), college football player
Charles Bartlett (rower), Australian lightweight rowerCharles L. Bartlett (journalist)
Charles Leffingwell Bartlett (August 14, 1921 – February 17, 2017) won the 1956 Pulitzer Prize for National Reporting "for his original disclosures that led to the resignation of Harold E. Talbott as Secretary of the Air Force."Edmund G. Ross
Edmund Gibson Ross (December 7, 1826 – May 8, 1907) was a politician who represented Kansas after the American Civil War and was later governor of the New Mexico Territory. His vote against convicting President Andrew Johnson of "high crimes and misdemeanors" allowed Johnson to stay in office by the margin of one vote. As the seventh of seven Republican U.S. Senators to break with his party, Ross proved to be the person whose decision would result in conviction or acquittal. When he chose the latter, the vote of 35–19 in favor of Johnson's conviction failed to reach the required two-thirds vote. Ross lost his bid for re-election two years later.Eugene O'Neill
Eugene Gladstone O'Neill (October 16, 1888 – November 27, 1953) was an American playwright and Nobel laureate in Literature. His poetically titled plays were among the first to introduce into U.S. drama techniques of realism earlier associated with Russian playwright Anton Chekhov, Norwegian playwright Henrik Ibsen, and Swedish playwright August Strindberg. The drama Long Day's Journey into Night is often numbered on the short list of the finest U.S. plays in the 20th century, alongside Tennessee Williams's A Streetcar Named Desire and Arthur Miller's Death of a Salesman.O'Neill's plays were among the first to include speeches in American English vernacular and involve characters on the fringes of society. They struggle to maintain their hopes and aspirations, but ultimately slide into disillusionment and despair. Of his very few comedies, only one is well-known (Ah, Wilderness!). Nearly all of his other plays involve some degree of tragedy and personal pessimism.Fordham Preparatory School
Fordham Preparatory School (also known as Fordham Prep) is a private, Jesuit, all-male high school located in the Bronx, New York City, with an enrollment of approximately 1,000 students. It is located on the Rose Hill campus of Fordham University.Frank Conniff (journalist)
Frank Conniff (April 24, 1914 – May 25, 1971) was an American journalist and editor who won a Pulitzer Prize in 1956.Conniff was born in Danbury, Connecticut. His first newspaper job was as a copyboy with the Danbury News-Times. He went to college at the University of Virginia, and after covering sports for one year in Danbury, joined Hearst Newspapers in New York. He was also a combat reporter during World War II in Africa and Europe, and covered the Korean War in 1950-51. In 1958 he became general director of the Hearst Headline Service, which provided news features, and contributed a Washington column. In New York he later wrote the "Coniff's Corner" column. While Hearst would introduce Conniff as their "house Democrat," Conniff also reportedly supported Joseph McCarthy, as Hearst Newspapers were a McCarthy supporter. He unsuccessfully challenged Republican Congressman Ogden Reid of New York's 26th congressional district in the 1964 election.Conniff interviewed Nikita S. Khrushchev, premier of the Soviet Union, in Moscow in 1955 for Hearst's International News Service, earning him a 1956 Pulitzer Prize, which he shared with William Randolph Hearst, Jr. and J. Kingsbury Smith for a series of exclusive interviews with leaders of the Soviet Union.Conniff was editor of Hearst Newspapers's World Journal Tribune of New York from 1966 to 1967, when the newspaper ceased publication. He was also national editor of Hearst Newspapers. He had a stroke shortly after the close of the World Journal Tribune which he partly recovered from.He was a regular panelist on the NBC game show, Who Said That?, along with H. V. Kaltenborn, Peggy Ann Garner, Deems Taylor, and Boris Karloff.
Conniff died of a heart attack at age 57 in New York on May 25, 1971.His son Frank Conniff, Jr. is an actor and writer.Godfrey M. Bockius House
The Godfrey M. Bockius House (better known locally as the Bockius - Orr House) is an Italianate—Victorian style house in a historic district
in Watsonville, California. It was built in 1870 by Judge Godfrey M. Bockius, and was inhabited later by descendant Frank F. Orr, former editor of the Register-Pajaronian. Today the historical district contains the house itself, headquarters of the Pajaro Valley Historical Association and on the National Register of Historic Places, along with the Volck Museum and Alzora Snyder Archive.Gretchen
Gretchen (German pronunciation: [ˈɡʀeːtçən]; English pronunciation: , literal translation: Little Greta/Grete) is a female given name of German origin that is mainly prevalent in the United States.
Its popularity increased due to a major character in Goethe's Faust (1808) having this name. In German, the Gretchenfrage (question by Gretchen), derived from Faust, is an idiom for a direct question that aims at the core of a problem and that should reveal the intentions and mindset of the questionee. The question is usually inconvenient to the questionee since he or she shall confess to something crucial he or she was intentionally or unintentionally vague about before.
In German-speaking countries, Gretchen is not a common given name. As a rather colloquial diminutive form of Grete, which itself is a short form Margarete, it fell out of use when the popularity of the latter two names declined in the 20th century, such that they are now very rarely given to newborns.Lauren K. Soth
Lauren Kephart Soth (October 2, 1910–February 9, 1998) was an American journalist and recipient of the 1956 Pulitzer Prize for Editorial Writing.Lee Hills (journalist)
Lee Hills (1906–2000) was an American editor and publisher of the Miami Herald and the Detroit Free Press. He was the first chairman and CEO of Knight-Ridder Newspapers and president of the Knight Ridder news service after he helped arrange the merger of Knight Newspapers and Ridder Publications; later in life, he was president of the John S. and James L. Knight Foundation.Hills attended Brigham Young University and the University of Missouri; Lee Hills Hall, the building housing the Columbia Missourian newspaper, is named after him. While editor of the Free Press, he was the winner of the 1956 Pulitzer Prize for deadline reporting for his coverage of negotiations between the United Auto Workers and Ford and General Motors that resulted in the guaranteed annual wage. He also served on the board of trustees of Science Service, now known as Society for Science & the Public, from 1958-1961.List of people from Maine
The following is a list of prominent people who were born in the American state of Maine, live in Maine, or for whom Maine is a significant part of their identity.MacKinlay Kantor
MacKinlay Kantor (February 4, 1904 – October 11, 1977), born Benjamin McKinlay Kantor, was an American journalist, novelist and screenwriter. He wrote more than 30 novels, several set during the American Civil War, and was awarded the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction in 1956 for his 1955 novel, Andersonville. He also wrote the novel Gettysburg, set during the Civil War.Pulitzer Prize for Breaking News Reporting
The Pulitzer Prize for Breaking News Reporting is a Pulitzer Prize awarded for a distinguished example of breaking news, local reporting on news of the moment. It has been awarded since 1953 under several names:
From 1953 to 1963: Pulitzer Prize for Local Reporting, Edition Time
From 1964 to 1984: Pulitzer Prize for Local General or Spot News Reporting
From 1985 to 1990: Pulitzer Prize for General News Reporting
From 1991 to 1997: Pulitzer Prize for Spot News Reporting
From 1998 to present: Pulitzer Prize for Breaking News ReportingPrior to 1953, a Pulitzer Prize for Local Reporting combined both breaking and investigative reporting under one category. The Pulitzer Committee issues an official citation explaining the reasons for the award.
Hitherto confined to local coverage, the Breaking News Reporting category was expanded to encompass state and national reporting in 2017.Symphony No. 3 (Toch)
Symphony No. 3, Op. 75 (1955) is Ernst Toch's (1887—1964) third of seven symphonies. He was awarded the 1956 Pulitzer Prize for Music for the piece. Premiered December 2, 1955 by the Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra conducted by William Steinberg, it was commissioned by the American Jewish Tercentenary Committee of Chicago.The orchestration includes a "hisser", a carbon dioxide tank that makes a hissing noise, whose use is optional. His first three symphonies were inspired by his need to flee Nazi Germany and move to America.Selecting the piece the jury wrote: "one of his finest works, of sure craftsmanship, contemporary in feeling, without self-conscious striving for the new and the original, beautiful and brilliant in orchestral sound."Talbot Hamlin
Talbot Faulkner Hamlin (June 16, 1889 – October 7, 1956) was an American architect, architectural historian, writer and educator.Webster City, Iowa
Webster City is a city in Hamilton County, Iowa, United States. The population was 8,070 at the United States 2010 Census. It is the county seat of Hamilton County. Webster City is known as 'Boone River Country', as the Boone River meanders along the east side of the city.