1955 in baseball

The following are the baseball events of the year 1955 throughout the world.

List of years in baseball

Champions

Major League Baseball

Other champions

Winter Leagues

Awards and honors

MLB statistical leaders

American League National League
AVG Al Kaline DET .340 Richie Ashburn PHI .338
HR Mickey Mantle NYY 37 Willie Mays NYG 51
RBI Ray Boone DET &
Jackie Jensen BOS
116 Duke Snider BKN 136
Wins Whitey Ford NYY,
Bob Lemon CLE
& Frank Sullivan BOS
18 Robin Roberts PHI 23
ERA Billy Pierce CHW 1.97   Bob Friend PIT 2.83  
Ks Herb Score CLE 245 Sam Jones CHC 198

Major league baseball final standings

American League final standings

American League
Club Wins Losses Win %   GB
New York Yankees 96 58 .623 --
Cleveland Indians 93 61 .604 3
Chicago White Sox 91 63 .591 5
Boston Red Sox 84 70 .545 12
Detroit Tigers 79 75 .513 17
Kansas City Athletics 63 91 .409 33
Baltimore Orioles 57 97 .370 39
Washington Senators 53 101 .344 43

National League final standings

National League
Club Wins Losses Win %   GB
Brooklyn Dodgers 98 55 .641 --
Milwaukee Braves 85 69 .552 13.5
New York Giants 80 74 .519 18.5
Philadelphia Phillies 77 77 .500 21.5
Cincinnati Redlegs 75 79 .487 23.5
Chicago Cubs 72 81 .471 26
St. Louis Cardinals 68 86 .442 30.5
Pittsburgh Pirates 60 94 .390 38.5

Events

Before the Athletics arrive in town, the Kansas City Monarchs move their base of operations to Grand Rapids, Michigan. They retain the name "Kansas City Monarchs" and continue in the Negro American League as a barnstorming team.

January

January 24 – In an effort to speed up the game, Major League Baseball announces a new rule which requires a pitcher to deliver the ball within 20 seconds after taking a pitching position.

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

  • August 20 – The Chicago White Sox rally to edge the Detroit Tigers‚ 8–7. Nellie Fox and Jim Rivera pace the attack with four hits apiece‚ while Chico Carrasquel adds a home run. George Kell drives in five runs for the White Sox. The win leaves Chicago (71-46) tied in second place with Cleveland (73-48)‚ and a game in back of New York (74-47).

September

October

November

December

Births

January

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

Deaths

January

February

  • February   3 – Fred Brown, 75, outfielder over parts of two seasons for the Boston Beaneaters in 1901 and 1902, and later a politician who served as Governor of New Hampshire and also in the United States Senate.
  • February   6 – Rosey Rowswell, 71, radio sportscaster best known for being the first full-time play-by-play announcer for the Pittsburgh Pirates.
  • February   6 – Hank Thormahlen, 58, pitcher for the New York Yankees, Boston Red Sox and Brooklyn Robins between 1917 and 1925.
  • February 10 – Cuke Barrows, 71, outfielder who played from 1909 to 1912 for the Chicago White Sox.
  • February 10 – Ray Hartranft, 64, pitcher for the 1913 Philadelphia Phillies.
  • February 10 – Allie Strobel, 70, second baseman who saw action with the Boston Beaneaters in 1905 and 1906.
  • February 15 – Lynn Nelson, 49, who pitched for the Philadelphia Athletics, Chicago Cubs and Detroit Tigers in part of seven seasons from 1930–1940.
  • February 15 – Tom Tennant, 72, pinch-hitter who appeared in just two games for the St. Louis Browns in the 1912 season.
  • February 23 – Bill Tozer, 72, pitcher in four games for the 1908 Cincinnati Reds.
  • February 25 – Ike Kamp, 54, pitcher who played for the Boston Braves in 1924 and 1925.

March

April

May

June

  • June   2 – Harry Eccles, 61, pitcher who played for the Philadelphia Athletics during the 1915 season.
  • June   6 – Mike Kelley, 79, first baseman for the 1899 Louisville Colonels, later became a long time minor league baseball owner and manager.
  • June 16 – Mike Morrison, 88, pitcher who played for the Cleveland Spiders, Syracuse Stars and Baltimore Orioles in part of three seasons between 1887 and 1890.
  • June 18 – Jack Katoll, 82, German pitcher who played for the Chicago Orphans, Chicago White Sox and Baltimore Orioles in a span of four seasons from 1898–1902.
  • June 22 – Frankie Hayes, 40, highly regarded defensive catcher and a five-time All-Star while playing for the Philadelphia Athletics, St. Louis Browns, Cleveland Indians, Chicago White Sox and Boston Red Sox, who led the American League three times in total chances per game, twice each in fielding average, putouts, double plays and errors, and once in assists. Besides, his 29 double plays in 1945 is the second-highest total ever for a catcher. Additionally, he caught 312 consecutive games between October 1943 and April 1946, a Major League record, and was durable enough to catch all 155 Athletics games in 1945, as he set a still-standing American League season record.[2]
  • June 27 – Harry Agganis, 26, Boston Red Sox first baseman and former Boston University football star, who compiled outstanding records as a quarterback in his student heyday, becoming the first person in BU history to receive All-American honors.[3]
  • June 29 – Horace Milan, 61, outfielder who played with the Washington Senators in the 191 and 1917 seasons.

July

August

September

October

  • October   4 – Stan Baumgartner, 60, relief pitcher who spent eight seasons in the majors with the Philadelphia Phillies and Philadelphia Athletics between 1914 and 1926.
  • October   5 – Lyman Lamb, 60, third baseman for the St. Louis Browns during two seasons from 1920–1921.
  • October   9 – Howie Fox, 34, pitcher for the Cincinnati Reds, Philadelphia Phillies and Baltimore Orioles from 1944 to 1954.
  • October   9 – Jim Jackson, 77, utility outfielder who played for the Baltimore Orioles, New York Giants and Cleveland Naps over four seasons from 1901–1906.
  • October 13 – Fred Lear, 61, third baseman who played for the Philadelphia Athletics, Chicago Cubs and New York Giants in part of four seasons between 1915 and 1920.
  • October 18 – George Murray, 57, who pitched from 1922 to 1933 for the New York Yankees, Boston Red Sox, Washington Senators and Chicago White Sox.
  • October 26 – Jack Bushelman, 70, pitcher who played with the Cincinnati Reds in the 1909 season and for the Boston Red Sox from 1911 to 1912.
  • October 27 – Clark Griffith, 85, Hall of Fame pitcher and manager, and owner of the Washington Senators since 1920.[4]

November

  • November   3 – John Merritt, 61, backup outfielder who appeared in just one game with the New York Giants in the 1913 season.
  • November   4 – Cy Young, 88, Hall of Fame pitcher who won a record 511 games over a 22-year career with five clubs from 1890 to 1911, being a 30-game winner five seasons, a 20-game victor sixteen times, pitching a perfect game, two no-hitters, and while being a member of the 1903 Boston Americans hurling the first pitch in a World Series game.[5]
  • November   5 – Frank Gregory, 67, pitcher for the Cincinnati Reds in their 1912 season.
  • November 12 – Sam Crane, 61, shortstop who played for the Philadelphia Athletics, Washington Senators, Cincinnati Reds and Brooklyn Robins in part of seven seasons spanning 1914–1922.
  • November 19 – Otto Jacobs, 66, catcher for the 1918 Chicago White Sox.
  • November 22 – Danny Murphy, 51, catcher who played briefly for the New York Giants in the 1892 season.
  • November 23 – Fred Tauby, 49, part-time outfielder who played with the Chicago White Sox in the 1935 season and for the Philadelphia Phillies in 1937.
  • November 30 – John Stone, 50, outfielder for the Detroit Tigers and Washington Senators from 1928 to 1938, who hit over .300 in seven of his eleven seasons, with a career-high .341 in 1936.

December

  • December   6 – Honus Wagner, 81, legendary Hall of Fame shortstop of the Pittsburgh Pirates who won eight National League batting crowns and led the league in runs batted in, stolen bases, doubles and slugging average at least five times each in a 21-year career, posting an overall batting line of .328/.391/.467, having scored 1,739 runs, connect 3,420 hits and stolen 723 bases.[6]
  • December   8 – Buck Washer, 73, pitcher for the Philadelphia Phillies during the 1905 season.
  • December   9 – Curt Walker, 59, right fielder who played twelve seasons from 1919–1930 for the Philadelphia Phillies, New York Yankees, Cincinnati Reds and New York Giants, compiling a slash line of.304/.374/.440 and 1,475 hits in 1,359 games, while batting a .300 or better average in seven seasons.
  • December 17 – Rube DeGroff, 76, backup outfielder for the St. Louis Cardinals during two seasons from 1905 to 1906.
  • December 18 – George Caster, pitcher who played for the Philadelphia Athletics, St. Louis Browns and Detroit Tigers during twelve seasons from 1934–1946, as well as a member of the 1945 World Champion Tigers.
  • December 18 – Francisco José Cróquer, 35, Venezuelan sportscaster specialized in baseball and boxing, who achieved international renown and became a household name in Latino communities after joining the Gillette Cavalcade of Sports in the late 1940s.
  • December 19 – Moxie Divis, 61, outfielder who played for the Philadelphia Athletics during the 1916 season.
  • December 22 – Queenie O'Rourke, 71, outfielder who played in 1908 with the New York Highlanders.
  • December 23 – Joe McManus, 68, who pitched in 1913 for the Cincinnati Reds.
  • December 24 – Jake Boultes, 71, who played from 1907 through 1909 for the Boston Doves, mostly as a pitcher, although he also played a handful of games as a shortstop and third baseman.
  • December 27 – Lord Byron, 83, National League umpire from 1913 to 1919, while officiating 1,012 games and the 1914 World Series.
  • December 27 – Jim Fairbank, 74, pitcher who played for the Philadelphia Athletics during the 1903 and 1904 seasons.
  • December 31 – Clint Brown, 52, relief pitcher for the Cleveland Indians and Chicago White Sox in a span of fifteen seasons from 1928–1942, who posted a career 89-93 W-L record with 64 saves and 4.26 ERA, leading the American League relievers in 1939 in appearances (61), games finished (56), saves (18) and innings (1181/3), ending 11th in the voting for the American League MVP Award.[7]

Sources

  1. ^ "Frick Favors Return of "the Old Spitter"". Milwaukee Journal. 1955-03-08. p. 2. Retrieved May 26, 2013.
  2. ^ Iron Man Catchers. Encyclopedia of Baseball Catchers.Retrieved on March 3, 2018.
  3. ^ Harry Agganis article. SABR Biography Project. Retrieved on March 3, 2018.
  4. ^ Clark Griffith article. Baseball Hall of Fame website. Retrieved on March 3, 2018.
  5. ^ Cy Young article. Baseball Hall of Fame website. Retrieved on March 3, 2018.
  6. ^ Honus Wagner article. Baseball Hall of Fame website. Retrieved von March 3, 2018.
  7. ^ 1939 American League MVP voting. Baseball Reference. Retrieved on March 4, 2018.

External links

1955 Asian Baseball Championship

The 1955 Asian Baseball Championship was the second continental tournament held by the Baseball Federation of Asia. The tournament was held in Manila, Philippines for the second time. Won by Japan, it was the first of what would be three consecutive Asian Championship wins in a row. Taiwan (2nd), South Korea (3rd) and Philippines (4th) were the other participants.

1955 Baseball Hall of Fame balloting

Elections to the Baseball Hall of Fame for 1955 followed a system established for odd-number years in 1953.

The eligibility of retired players was extended; previously, a player could not be on the BBWAA ballot if he had retired more than 25 years prior. The ballot could now include those who had been retired for up to 30 years.

The Baseball Writers' Association of America (BBWAA) voted by mail to select from recent major league players and elected four: Joe DiMaggio, Gabby Hartnett, Ted Lyons, and Dazzy Vance.

The Veterans Committee met in closed sessions to consider executives, managers, umpires, and earlier players.

It selected two players, Frank Baker and Ray Schalk.

1955 Caribbean Series

The seventh edition of the Caribbean Series (Serie del Caribe) was played in 1955. It was held from February 10 through February 15, featuring the champion baseball teams from Cuba, Alacranes de Almendares; Panama, Carta Vieja Yankees; Puerto Rico, Cangrejeros de Santurce, and Venezuela, Navegantes del Magallanes. The format consisted of 12 games, each team facing the other teams twice. The games were played at Estadio Universitario in Caracas, the capital city of Venezuela, which boosted capacity to 22,690 seats, while the ceremonial first pitch was thrown by Marcos Pérez Jiménez, by then the President of Venezuela.

1955 Claxton Shield

The 1955 Claxton Shield was the 16th annual Claxton Shield, and was held in Sydney. The participants were hosts New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, defending champions Victoria and Western Australia. The series was won by the New South Wales for their eighth Shield title.

1955 European Baseball Championship

The 1955 European Baseball Championship was held in Spain and was won by Spain. Belgium finished as runner-up.

1955 Little League World Series

The 1955 Little League World Series was held from August 23 to August 26 in Williamsport, Pennsylvania. Morrisville Little League of Morrisville, Pennsylvania, defeated Delaware Township Little League of Delaware Township, New Jersey, in the championship game of the 9th Little League World Series.

This was the first time that the Little League World Series title was won with a walk-off home run, hit by Rich Cominski in the bottom of the 7th inning. Attendees at the final game included former General of the Army George Marshall and Governor of Pennsylvania George M. Leader.

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