1955 Pulitzer Prize

The following are the Pulitzer Prizes for 1955.

Journalism awards

  • Public Service:
    • The Columbus Ledger and Sunday Ledger-Enquirer, for its complete news coverage and fearless editorial attack on widespread corruption in neighboring Phenix City, Alabama, which were effective in destroying a corrupt and racket-ridden city government. The newspaper exhibited an early awareness of the evils of lax law enforcement before the situation in Phenix City erupted into murder. It covered the whole unfolding story of the final prosecution of the wrong-doers with skill, perception, force and courage.
  • Local Reporting, Edition Time:
    • Mrs. Caro Brown of the Alice Daily Echo, for a series of news stories dealing with the successful attack on one-man political rule in neighboring Duval County, Texas, written under unusual pressure both of edition time and difficult, even dangerous, circumstances. Mrs. Brown dug into the facts behind the dramatic daily events, as well, and obtained her stories in spite of the bitterest political opposition, showing professional skill and courage.
  • Local Reporting, No Edition Time:
    • Roland Kenneth Towery of the Cuero Record, for his series of articles exclusively exposing a scandal in the administration of the Veterans' Land Program in Texas. This 32-year-old World War II veteran, a former prisoner of the Japanese, made these irregularities a statewide and subsequently a national issue, and stimulated state action to rectify conditions in the land program.
  • National Reporting:
    • Anthony Lewis of the Washington Daily News, for publishing a series of articles which were adjudged directly responsible for clearing Abraham Chasanow, an employee of the U.S. Navy Department, and bringing about his restoration to duty with an acknowledgment by the Navy Department that it had committed a grave injustice in dismissing him as a security risk. Mr. Lewis received the full support of his newspaper in championing an American citizen, without adequate funds or resources for his defense, against an unjust act by a government department. This is in the best tradition of American journalism
  • International Reporting:
    • Harrison E. Salisbury of The New York Times, for his distinguished series of articles, Russia Re-Viewed, based on his six years as a Times correspondent in Russia. The perceptive and well-written Salisbury articles made a valuable contribution to American understanding of what is going on inside Russia. This was principally due to the writer's wide range of subject matter and depth of background plus a number of illuminating photographs which he took.
  • Editorial Writing:
    • Royce Howes of the Detroit Free Press, for an editorial on The Cause of a Strike, impartially and clearly analyzing the responsibility of both labor and management for a local union's unauthorized strike in July 1954, which rendered 45,000 Chrysler Corporation workers idle and unpaid. By pointing out how and why the parent United Automobile Workers' Union ordered the local strike called off and stating that management let dissatisfaction get out of hand, the editorial made a notable contribution to public understanding of the whole program of the respective responsibilities and relationships of labor and management in this field.
  • Editorial Cartooning:
    • Daniel R. Fitzpatrick of the St. Louis Post-Dispatch, for a cartoon published on June 8, 1954, entitled, How Would Another Mistake Help? showing Uncle Sam, bayoneted rifle in hand, pondering whether to wade into a black marsh bearing the legend French Mistakes in Indo-China. The award is also given for distinguished body of the work of Mr. Fitzpatrick in both 1954 and his entire career
  • Photography:
    • John L. Gaunt of the Los Angeles Times, for a photo that is poignant and profoundly moving, entitled, Tragedy by the Sea, showing a young couple standing together beside an angry sea in which only a few minutes earlier their year-old son had perished.

Letters, Drama and Music Awards

External links

A Fable

A Fable is a 1954 novel written by the American author William Faulkner. He spent more than a decade and tremendous effort on it, and aspired for it to be "the best work of my life and maybe of my time".

It won the Pulitzer Prize and the National Book Award, but critical reviews were mixed and it is considered one of Faulkner's lesser works. Historically, it can be seen as a precursor to Joseph Heller's Catch-22.

Alfred A. Knopf

Alfred A. Knopf, Inc. () is a New York publishing house that was founded by Alfred A. Knopf Sr. and Blanche Knopf in 1915. Blanche and Alfred traveled abroad regularly and were known for publishing European, Asian, and Latin American writers in addition to leading American literary trends. It was acquired by Random House in 1960, which was later acquired by Bertelsmann in 1998, and is now part of the Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group. The Knopf publishing house is associated with its borzoi colophon, which was designed by co-founder Blanche Knopf in 1925.

Anthony Lewis

Anthony Lewis (March 27, 1927 – March 25, 2013) was an American public intellectual and journalist. He was twice winner of the Pulitzer Prize, and was a columnist for The New York Times. He is credited with creating the field of legal journalism in the United States.

Early in Lewis' career as a legal journalist, Supreme Court Justice Felix Frankfurter told an editor of The New York Times: "I can't believe what this young man achieved. There are not two justices of this court who have such a grasp of these cases." At his death, Nicholas B. Lemann, the dean of Columbia University School of Journalism, said: "At a liberal moment in American history, he was one of the defining liberal voices."

Classical High School

Classical High School, founded in 1843, is a public magnet school in the Providence School District, in Providence, Rhode Island. It was originally an all-male school but has since become co-ed. Classical's motto is Certare, Petere, Reperire, Neque Cedere, a Latin translation of the famous phrase taken from Tennyson's poem "Ulysses", "To Strive, to Seek, to Find, and Not to Yield". It has been rated "High Performing and Sustaining" by its performance in 2005 on the New Standards Reference Exam, placing third in the state. The school also made Newsweek's America's Best High Schools of 2012 with a 99% graduation rate, 95% college bound, an average SAT score of 1578, and an average AP score of 2.8. Classical High School stands roughly at the intersection of the Federal Hill, West End, and Upper South Providence neighborhoods.

De Leon, Texas

De Leon ( dih LEE-on) is a city located in Comanche County in the U.S. state of Texas. The population was 2,246 at the time of the 2010 census. It is commonly associated with being named after the Spanish explorer Ponce de Leon, but the town is actually named for its location on the Leon River (de Leon in Spanish), which flows directly north and east of the community, and drains into nearby Lake Proctor.

John L. Gaunt

John L. Gaunt (June 4, 1924 in Syracuse, New York – October 26, 2007 in Desert Hot Springs, California) was an American photographer. He won the 1955 Pulitzer Prize for Photography.He served in the United States Army Air Forces during World War II. He studied at Compton College and graduated from University of Southern California, with a degree in zoology. He worked for the Los Angeles Times from October 1950 to 1988.His 1955 award-winning photo entitled "Tragedy by the Sea" depicted a young couple standing together beside a violent sea that had just taken their infant son away. As well as the Pulitzer, the photograph won an Associated Press Managing Editor's Award, and a prize from the California-Nevada Associated Press.

Ledger-Enquirer

The Ledger-Enquirer is a newspaper headquartered in downtown Columbus, Georgia, in the United States. It was founded in 1828 as the Columbus Enquirer by Mirabeau B. Lamar who later played a pivotal role in the founding of the Republic of Texas and served as its third President. The newspaper is a two-time recipient of the Pulitzer Prize for Public Service.

List of people from Syracuse, New York

The following people are from Syracuse, New York.

Loudoun County, Virginia

Loudoun County () is a county in the Commonwealth of Virginia in the United States. In 2017, the population was estimated at 398,080, making it Virginia's third-most populous county. Loudoun County's seat is Leesburg. Loudoun County is part of the Washington–Arlington–Alexandria, DC–VA–MD–WV Metropolitan Statistical Area.

As of 2015, Loudoun County had a median household income of $125,900. Since 2008, the county has been ranked first in the U.S. in median household income among jurisdictions with a population of 65,000 or more.

Milton Lott

Milton Lott (1916 – 1996) was an author of western novels. He grew up in the Snake River Valley, in Idaho and attended University of California, Berkeley. While there he started writing his first published novel, The Last Hunt. He worked on the novel while attending an English class taught by George R. Stewart, himself a well published author. Lott received a citation from the National Institute of Letters and Arts for The Last Hunt, and was granted a Literacy Fellowship Award by Houghton Mifflin to finish the book. The Last Hunt was selected by the Pulitzer fiction jury for the 1955 Pulitzer Prize, but John Hohenberg convinced the Pulitzer board that William Faulkner was long overdue for the award, despite his submitted novel A Fable being a lesser work of his, and the board overrode the jury's selection, much to the disgust of its members. The Last Hunt was made into a 1957 movie.

Pulitzer Prize for Breaking News Reporting

The Pulitzer Prize for Breaking News Reporting is a Pulitzer Prize awarded for a distinguished example of breaking news, local reporting on news of the moment. It has been awarded since 1953 under several names:

From 1953 to 1963: Pulitzer Prize for Local Reporting, Edition Time

From 1964 to 1984: Pulitzer Prize for Local General or Spot News Reporting

From 1985 to 1990: Pulitzer Prize for General News Reporting

From 1991 to 1997: Pulitzer Prize for Spot News Reporting

From 1998 to present: Pulitzer Prize for Breaking News ReportingPrior to 1953, a Pulitzer Prize for Local Reporting combined both breaking and investigative reporting under one category. The Pulitzer Committee issues an official citation explaining the reasons for the award.

Hitherto confined to local coverage, the Breaking News Reporting category was expanded to encompass state and national reporting in 2017.

Royce Howes

Royce Bucknam Howes (January 3, 1901 – March 18, 1973) was a Pulitzer Prize–winning journalist and author who also published a biography of Edgar Guest and a number of crime novels. He worked for the Detroit Free Press from 1927–1966 and won the Pulitzer Prize in 1955 for an editorial on the cause of an unauthorized strike by an autoworkers local that idled 45,000 Chrysler workers.

St. Louis Post-Dispatch

The St. Louis Post-Dispatch is the major regional newspaper in St. Louis, Missouri, serving St. Louis City and County, St. Charles County, the Metro East and surrounding counties (roughly, the Greater St. Louis area). It is the only daily newspaper in the city. The publication has received 19 Pulitzer Prizes.The paper is owned by Lee Enterprises of Davenport, Iowa, which purchased Pulitzer, Inc. in 2005 in a cash deal valued at $1.46 billion.

The paper is sold at $2 daily or $4 on Sundays and Thanksgiving Day. The price may be higher outside adjacent counties and states. Sales tax is included at newsracks.

The Age of Reform

The Age of Reform is a 1955 Pulitzer Prize-winning book by Richard Hofstadter. It is an American history, which traces events from the Populist Movement of the 1890s through the Progressive Era to the New Deal of the 1930s. The Age of Reform stands out from other historical material because Hofstadter's main purpose for writing is not to retell an extensive history of the three movements, but to analyze the common beliefs of the reform groups in our modern perspective to elucidate historical distortions, most notably between the New Deal and Progressivism.

The Bad Seed (play)

The Bad Seed is a 1954 play by American playwright Maxwell Anderson, adapted from the novel of the same name by American writer William March.

The Phenix City Story

The Phenix City Story is a 1955 American film noir crime film directed by Phil Karlson for Allied Artists, written by Daniel Mainwaring and Crane Wilbur and starring John McIntire, Richard Kiley and Kathryn Grant. It had an unusual "triple premiere" held on July 19, 1955 in Phenix City, Columbus and Chicago (NB. the AFI incorrectly lists it as July 9).

Tom Sellers (journalist)

Thomas J. Sellers, Jr. (November 1, 1922 – February 18, 2006) was an American newspaper reporter, primarily for the Columbus Ledger-Enquirer and Sunday Ledger-Enquirer in Columbus, Georgia (1950–1968). The Ledger-Enquirer received the 1955 Pulitzer Prize for Public Service for exposing the corrupt government of Phenix City, Alabama. Sellers was among the first to report on events from Phenix City.

Veterans' Land Board scandal

The Veterans Land Board Scandal was a political scandal in Texas in that became public in 1954.

The Texas Legislature enacted the Veterans Land Act in November 1946. The measure called for issuing $25 million in bonds, the proceeds of which would be used by the state government to purchase land and resell it to veterans of World War II at 3% interest on 40 year loans. In early 1951 another $75 million was appropriated by the state for this purpose. The only stipulations on the purchase was that the loan could not be for more than $7,500 and the tracts of land could not be less than 20 acres (80,000 m²). A 5% downpayment was required, and the land could not be resold for three years. The law allowed for "block sales," whereby veterans could join together to buy the land. This was allowed because it would be difficult to buy 20 acres (80,000 m²) with only $7,500.The scandal was unveiled in November 1954 when reporter Roland Towery, then managing editor of the Cuero Record, published the results of his investigation of a tip that prominent Cuero-area businessmen were entertaining local Hispanic and African-American laborers, an unheard of thing in South Texas at this time. The businessmen were paying the laborers, who were veterans and mostly illiterate, to sign applications for the land grants and the businessmen would pocket the money. Many of the veterans who purchased land in block sales were not even aware that they had purchased land. In fact, many were led to believe that they were getting free land as part of a veteran entitlement program or else were receiving some type of veterans' compensation from the state. When Towery asked Texas Veterans Land Board chairman (and Texas General Land Office commissioner) Bascom Giles about these irregularities, Giles denied involvement, attributing the irregularities to local land speculators. Struck by the fact that Giles had defended himself before even being accused of anything, Towrey ran with the story, accelerating an investigation begun the previous year by the state attorney general, John Ben Shepperd.Fraud was soon discovered in nine south Texas counties, and numerous members of the General Land Office were charged with fraud and conspiracy to defraud veterans. Giles was imprisoned for his role in the scandal, and many others paid heavy fines for their crimes. Governor Allan Shivers and John Ben Sheppard, as ex officio members of the Veterans Land Board, were tainted by the scandal. Ralph Yarborough and his allies in the liberal wing of the Texas Democratic Party pointed to the scandal as an example of the kind of corruption that the conservative Shivercrats were willing to overlook. Towery, himself a veteran, would be awarded the 1955 Pulitzer Prize for his uncovering of the scandal. [1]

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