1954–55 FA Cup

The 1954–55 FA Cup was the 74th season of the world's oldest football cup competition, the Football Association Challenge Cup, commonly known as the FA Cup. Newcastle United won the competition for the sixth time, beating Manchester City 3–1 in the final at Wembley.

Matches were scheduled to be played at the stadium of the team named first on the date specified for each round, which was always a Saturday. Some matches, however, might be rescheduled for other days if there were clashes with games for other competitions or the weather was inclement. If scores were level after 90 minutes had been played, a replay would take place at the stadium of the second-named team later the same week. If the replayed match was drawn further replays would be held until a winner was determined. If scores were level after 90 minutes had been played in a replay, a 30-minute period of extra time would be played.

1954–55 FA Cup
Country England
 Wales
Defending championsWest Bromwich Albion
ChampionsNewcastle United
(6th title)
Runners-upManchester City

Calendar

Round Date
Preliminary Round Saturday 11 September 1954
First Round Qualifying Saturday 25 September 1954
Second Round Qualifying Saturday 9 October 1954
Third Round Qualifying Saturday 23 October 1954
Fourth Round Qualifying Saturday 6 November 1954
First Round Proper Saturday 20 November 1954
Second Round Proper Saturday 11 December 1954
Third Round Proper Saturday 8 January 1955
Fourth Round Proper Saturday 29 January 1955
Fifth Round Proper Saturday 19 February 1955
Sixth Round Proper Saturday 12 March 1955
Semi-Finals Saturday 26 March 1955
Final Saturday 7 May 1955

First round proper

At this stage clubs from the Football League Third Division North and South joined those non-league clubs having come through the qualifying rounds. Matches were scheduled to be played on Saturday, 20 November 1954. Seven were drawn and went to replays, with one of these going to a second replay.

Tie no Home team Score Away team Date
1 Barnet 1–4 Southampton 20 November 1954
2 Barrow 1–1 Darlington 20 November 1954
Replay Darlington 2–1 Barrow 24 November 1954
3 Bristol City 1–2 Southend United 20 November 1954
4 Dorchester Town 2–0 Bedford Town 20 November 1954
5 Reading 3–3 Colchester United 20 November 1954
Replay Colchester United 1–2 Reading 25 November 1954
6 Walsall 5–2 Shrewsbury Town 20 November 1954
7 Gillingham 2–0 Newport County 20 November 1954
8 Grimsby Town 2–1 Halifax Town 20 November 1954
9 Swindon Town 0–2 Crystal Palace 20 November 1954
10 Bishop Auckland 5–1 Kettering Town 20 November 1954
11 Tranmere Rovers 3–3 Rochdale 20 November 1954
Replay Rochdale 1–0 Tranmere Rovers 23 November 1954
12 Stockport County 0–1 Carlisle United 20 November 1954
13 Queens Park Rangers 2–2 Walthamstow Avenue 20 November 1954
Replay Walthamstow Avenue 2–2 Queens Park Rangers 25 November 1954
Replay Queens Park Rangers 0–4 Walthamstow Avenue 29 November 1954
14 Accrington Stanley 7–1 Creswell Colliery 20 November 1954
15 Barnsley 3–2 Wigan Athletic 20 November 1954
16 Brentford 2–1 Nuneaton Borough 20 November 1954
17 Crook Town 5–3 Stanley United 20 November 1954
18 Northampton Town 0–1 Coventry City 20 November 1954
19 Brighton & Hove Albion 5–0 Tunbridge Wells United 20 November 1954
20 Norwich City 4–2 Headington United 20 November 1954
21 Bradford City 3–1 Mansfield Town 20 November 1954
22 Millwall 3–2 Exeter City 20 November 1954
23 Oldham Athletic 1–0 Crewe Alexandra 20 November 1954
24 Frome Town 0–3 Leyton Orient 20 November 1954
25 Bradford Park Avenue 2–0 Southport 20 November 1954
26 Hartlepools United 1–0 Chesterfield 20 November 1954
27 Selby Town 2–1 Rhyl 20 November 1954
28 Torquay United 4–0 Cambridge United 20 November 1954
29 Workington 5–1 Hyde United 20 November 1954
30 York City 3–2 Scarborough 20 November 1954
31 Netherfield (Kendal) 3–3 Wrexham 20 November 1954
Replay Wrexham 4–0 Netherfield (Kendal) 24 November 1954
32 Aldershot 3–1 Chelmsford City 20 November 1954
33 Horden CW 0–1 Scunthorpe United 20 November 1954
34 Gateshead 6–0 Chester 20 November 1954
35 Hounslow Town 2–4 Hastings United 20 November 1954
36 Boston United 1–1 Blyth Spartans 20 November 1954
Replay Blyth Spartans 5–4 Boston United 24 November 1954
37 Merthyr Tydfil 1–1 Wellington Town 20 November 1954
Replay Wellington Town 1–6 Merthyr Tydfil 24 November 1954
38 Hinckley Athletic 4–3 Newport (IOW) 20 November 1954
39 Barnstaple Town 1–4 Bournemouth 20 November 1954
40 Corby Town 0–2 Watford 20 November 1954

Second Round Proper

The matches were scheduled for Saturday, 11 December 1954. Four matches were drawn, with replays taking place later the same week.

Tie no Home team Score Away team Date
1 Bournemouth 1–0 Oldham Athletic 11 December 1954
2 Dorchester Town 2–5 York City 11 December 1954
3 Rochdale 2–1 Hinckley Athletic 11 December 1954
4 Gillingham 1–1 Reading 11 December 1954
Replay Reading 5–3 Gillingham 13 December 1954
5 Grimsby Town 4–1 Southampton 11 December 1954
6 Wrexham 1–2 Walsall 11 December 1954
7 Brentford 4–1 Crook Town 11 December 1954
8 Coventry City 4–0 Scunthorpe United 11 December 1954
9 Norwich City 0–0 Brighton & Hove Albion 11 December 1954
Replay Brighton & Hove Albion 5–1 Norwich City 15 December 1954
10 Bradford City 7–1 Merthyr Tydfil 11 December 1954
11 Millwall 3–2 Accrington Stanley 11 December 1954
12 Carlisle United 2–2 Watford 11 December 1954
Replay Watford 4–1 Carlisle United 15 December 1954
13 Crystal Palace 2–4 Bishop Auckland 11 December 1954
14 Bradford Park Avenue 2–3 Southend United 11 December 1954
15 Hartlepools United 4–0 Aldershot 11 December 1954
16 Blyth Spartans 1–3 Torquay United 11 December 1954
17 Selby Town 0–2 Hastings United 11 December 1954
18 Walthamstow Avenue 0–3 Darlington 11 December 1954
19 Gateshead 3–3 Barnsley 11 December 1954
Replay Barnsley 0–1 Gateshead 16 December 1954
20 Leyton Orient 0–1 Workington 11 December 1954

Third round proper

The 44 First and Second Division clubs entered the competition at this stage. The matches were scheduled for Saturday, 8 January 1955. Ten matches were drawn and went to replays, with three of these requiring a second replay. Notable is tie no. 3, between Bury and Stoke City, which went to four replays before Stoke won in the final game, with an aggregated score of 9–10.

Tie no Home team Score Away team Date
1 Blackpool 0–2 York City 8 January 1955
2 Bournemouth 0–1 West Bromwich Albion 8 January 1955
3 Bury 1–1 Stoke City 8 January 1955
Replay Stoke City 1–1 Bury 12 January 1955
Replay Bury 3–3 Stoke City 17 January 1955
Replay Stoke City 2–2 Bury 19 January 1955
Replay Bury 2–3 Stoke City 24 January 1955
4 Rochdale 1–3 Charlton Athletic 8 January 1955
5 Watford 1–2 Doncaster Rovers 8 January 1955
6 Reading 1–1 Manchester United 8 January 1955
Replay Manchester United 4–1 Reading 12 January 1955
7 Blackburn Rovers 0–2 Swansea Town 8 January 1955
8 Sheffield Wednesday 2–1 Hastings United 8 January 1955
9 Bolton Wanderers 3–1 Millwall 8 January 1955
10 Grimsby Town 2–5 Wolverhampton Wanderers 8 January 1955
11 Middlesbrough 1–4 Notts County 8 January 1955
12 Sunderland 1–0 Burnley 8 January 1955
13 Derby County 1–3 Manchester City 8 January 1955
14 Lincoln City 1–1 Liverpool 8 January 1955
Replay Liverpool 1–0 Lincoln City 12 January 1955
15 Luton Town 5–0 Workington 8 January 1955
16 Everton 3–1 Southend United 8 January 1955
17 Sheffield United 1–3 Nottingham Forest 8 January 1955
18 Ipswich Town 2–2 Bishop Auckland 8 January 1955
Replay Bishop Auckland 3–0 Ipswich Town 12 January 1955
19 Fulham 2–3 Preston North End 8 January 1955
20 Brentford 1–1 Bradford City 8 January 1955
Replay Bradford City 2–2 Brentford 12 January 1955
Replay Brentford 1–0 Bradford City 20 January 1955
21 Bristol Rovers 2–1 Portsmouth 8 January 1955
22 West Ham United 2–2 Port Vale 8 January 1955
Replay Port Vale 3–1 West Ham United 10 January 1955
23 Brighton & Hove Albion 2–2 Aston Villa 8 January 1955
Replay Aston Villa 4–2 Brighton & Hove Albion 10 January 1955
24 Plymouth Argyle 0–1 Newcastle United 8 January 1955
25 Hull City 0–2 Birmingham City 8 January 1955
26 Chelsea 2–0 Walsall 8 January 1955
27 Hartlepools United 1–1 Darlington 8 January 1955
Replay Darlington 2–2 Hartlepools United 12 January 1955
Replay Hartlepools United 2–0 Darlington 17 January 1955
28 Huddersfield Town 3–3 Coventry City 8 January 1955
Replay Coventry City 1–2 Huddersfield Town 13 January 1955
29 Arsenal 1–0 Cardiff City 8 January 1955
30 Leeds United 2–2 Torquay United 8 January 1955
Replay Torquay United 4–0 Leeds United 12 January 1955
31 Rotherham United 1–0 Leicester City 8 January 1955
32 Gateshead 0–2 Tottenham Hotspur 8 January 1955

Fourth Round Proper

The matches were scheduled for Saturday, 29 January 1955, with two matches taking place on later dates. Four matches were drawn and went to replays, which were all played in the following midweek match. Once again, there was a tie which went to four replays, this time between Doncaster Rovers and Aston Villa. Rovers finally won the fixture in the fifth match, with an aggregated score of 6–4.

Tie no Home team Score Away team Date
1 Preston North End 3–3 Sunderland 29 January 1955
Replay Sunderland 2–0 Preston North End 2 February 1955
2 Sheffield Wednesday 1–1 Notts County 29 January 1955
Replay Notts County 1–0 Sheffield Wednesday 3 February 1955
3 Wolverhampton Wanderers 1–0 Arsenal 29 January 1955
4 West Bromwich Albion 2–4 Charlton Athletic 29 January 1955
5 Everton 0–4 Liverpool 29 January 1955
6 Doncaster Rovers 0–0 Aston Villa 29 January 1955
Replay Aston Villa 2–2 Doncaster Rovers 2 February 1955
Replay Doncaster Rovers 1–1 Aston Villa 7 February 1955
Replay Aston Villa 0–0 Doncaster Rovers 14 February 1955
Replay Doncaster Rovers 3–1 Aston Villa 15 February 1955
7 Bishop Auckland 1–3 York City 29 January 1955
8 Newcastle United 3–2 Brentford 29 January 1955
9 Tottenham Hotspur 4–2 Port Vale 29 January 1955
10 Manchester City 2–0 Manchester United 29 January 1955
11 Bristol Rovers 1–3 Chelsea 29 January 1955
12 Hartlepools United 1–1 Nottingham Forest 29 January 1955
Replay Nottingham Forest 2–1 Hartlepools United 2 February 1955
13 Swansea Town 3–1 Stoke City 29 January 1955
14 Torquay United 0–1 Huddersfield Town 29 January 1955
15 Rotherham United 1–5 Luton Town 29 January 1955
16 Birmingham City 2–1 Bolton Wanderers 29 January 1955

Fifth Round Proper

The matches were scheduled for Saturday, 19 February 1955. Two matches went to replays in the following mid-week fixture, with the Nottingham Forest–Newcastle United match requiring a second replay to settle it in favour of United.

Tie no Home team Score Away team Date
1 Liverpool 0–2 Huddersfield Town 19 February 1955
2 Notts County 1–0 Chelsea 19 February 1955
3 Nottingham Forest 1–1 Newcastle United 19 February 1955
Replay Newcastle United 2–2 Nottingham Forest 28 February 1955
Replay Newcastle United 2–1 Nottingham Forest 2 March 1955
4 Wolverhampton Wanderers 4–1 Charlton Athletic 19 February 1955
5 Luton Town 0–2 Manchester City 19 February 1955
6 Swansea Town 2–2 Sunderland 19 February 1955
Replay Sunderland 1–0 Swansea Town 23 February 1955
7 York City 3–1 Tottenham Hotspur 19 February 1955
8 Birmingham City 2–1 Doncaster Rovers 19 February 1955

Sixth Round Proper

The four quarter-final ties were scheduled to be played on Saturday, 12 March 1955. The Newcastle United–Huddersfield Town game went to a replay before United went through.

Tie no Home team Score Away team Date
1 Notts County 0–1 York City 12 March 1955
2 Sunderland 2–0 Wolverhampton Wanderers 12 March 1955
3 Huddersfield Town 1–1 Newcastle United 12 March 1955
Replay Newcastle United 2–0 Huddersfield Town 16 March 1955
4 Birmingham City 0–1 Manchester City 12 March 1955

Semi-Finals

The semi-final matches were played on Saturday, 26 March 1955, with the Newcastle United–York City match replaying on the 30th. Newcastle and Manchester City won their ties to meet in the final at Wembley.

Newcastle United1–1York City
Replay
York City0–2Newcastle United
Manchester City1–0Sunderland
Clarke

Final

The 1955 FA Cup Final was contested by Newcastle United and Manchester City at Wembley. Newcastle won 3–1, with goals from Jackie Milburn in the first minute (after 45 seconds, setting a new record in a final at Wembley, which was held until 1997), Bobby Mitchell and George Hannah. Bobby Johnstone scored City's goal.

Match details

Newcastle United3 – 1Manchester City
Milburn Goal 1'
Mitchell
Hannah
Johnstone
Newcastle United
Manchester City

References

General
Specific
1954–55 Arsenal F.C. season

During the 1954–55 English football season, Arsenal F.C. competed in the Football League First Division.

1954–55 Birmingham City F.C. season

The 1954–55 Football League season was Birmingham City Football Club's 52nd in the Football League and their 24th in the Second Division. They finished top of the 22-team division on goal average, thus winning the Second Division title for the fourth time and gaining promotion to the First Division for 1955–56. They entered the 1954–55 FA Cup at the third round proper and lost to Manchester City in the sixth round (quarter-final).

Bob Brocklebank and chief scout Walter Taylor laid the foundations for the club's successes of the 1950s, introducing future England internationals Trevor Smith and Jeff Hall to the side, and bringing in the likes of Peter Murphy, Eddy Brown, Roy Warhurst and Alex Govan.Arthur Turner took over from Brocklebank as manager in November 1954 with the club mid-table in the Second Division, having gained only one point away from home. By the end of the season they had scored 92 goals,

inflicted Liverpool's record defeat, by nine goals to one, which was also Birmingham's widest margin of victory in a league match since the 19th century, and, needing five points from the last three games, all away from home, to be sure of promotion, confirmed themselves as champions with a 5–1 win in the last game of the season away at Doncaster Rovers.Twenty-five players made at least one appearance in nationally organised first-team competition, and there were eleven different goalscorers. Half-back Len Boyd played in 43 of the 46 first-team matches over the season, and Peter Murphy was leading goalscorer with 20 goals, all scored in league competition. All five first-choice forwards – Gordon Astall, Noel Kinsey, Brown, Murphy and Govan – reached double figures.

1954–55 FA Cup qualifying rounds

The FA Cup 1954–55 is the 74th season of the world's oldest football knockout competition; The Football Association Challenge Cup, or FA Cup for short. The large number of clubs entering the tournament from lower down the English football league system meant that the competition started with a number of preliminary and qualifying rounds. The 30 victorious teams from the Fourth Round Qualifying progressed to the First Round Proper.

1955 FA Charity Shield

The 1955 FA Charity Shield was the 33rd FA Charity Shield, the annual football match played between the winners of the previous season's Football League and FA Cup competitions. It was contested between Chelsea, the reigning First Division champions, and Newcastle United, holders of the FA Cup. Chelsea won 3–0, thanks to second-half goals from Roy Bentley and Frank Blunstone, and an own goal from Alf McMichael.

1955 FA Cup Final

The 1955 FA Cup Final was the 74th final of the FA Cup. It took place on 7 May 1955 at Wembley Stadium and was contested between Newcastle United and Manchester City.

Newcastle won the match 3–1, thus winning the FA Cup for the third time in five years and the sixth time in all. Jackie Milburn scored Newcastle's first goal after 45 seconds (a record for a Wembley final that would stand until 1997), before Bobby Johnstone equalised for City just before half-time. Bobby Mitchell restored Newcastle's lead in the 52nd minute, and George Hannah extended it seven minutes later.

The match was virtually decided in the 17th minute when City fullback Jimmy Meadows attempted a tackle on Mitchell, only to sustain a serious leg injury which forced him to be stretchered off five minutes later (and also forced him to retire from playing). As substitutes were not allowed in English football at the time, City had to play the rest of the match with ten players.

As of 2018, this remains Newcastle's last FA Cup win, though they have appeared in three finals since.

Bill Shorthouse

William Henry "Bill" Shorthouse (27 May 1922 – 6 September 2008) was an English professional football player and coach, who spent his playing career with Wolverhampton Wanderers.

Billy Fenton

William Hartas Fenton (23 June 1926 – 16 April 1973) was an English footballer. He played as a left-winger in the immediate post-Second World War period. The highest level he played at was with Blackburn Rovers, but spent most of his professional career with York City.

Cranfield United F.C.

Cranfield United Football Club is a football club based in Cranfield, near Bedford, Bedfordshire, England. The club is affiliated to the Bedfordshire County Football Association. They are currently members of the Bedfordshire County Football League Premier Division.

Gerry Baker (footballer, born 1938)

Gerard Baker (born 16 September 1938) is an English former footballer who made more than 200 appearances in the Football League for York City. His career ended following a cartilage injury sustained on 30 November 1968. On 20 October 1969 he enjoyed a testimonial game when York City played The Happy Wanderers (the club's 1954–55 FA Cup semi final side).

Gil Merrick

Gilbert Harold "Gil" Merrick (26 January 1922 – 3 February 2010) was an English footballer and football manager. Considered one of the best goalkeepers in the UK during the mid-1950s, Merrick was one in a long line of great Birmingham City keepers which included the likes of Johnny Schofield and Harry Hibbs. Merrick spent his entire career at Birmingham City, playing more than 700 times between 1939 and 1960. He made 170 appearances during the Second World War and 485 in the Football League following the end of the war. He won 23 caps for the England national team, and played in the 1954 World Cup. After retirement as a player, he managed the club for four years.

Birmingham City renamed the Railway Stand at their St Andrew's stadium the Gil Merrick Stand for the start of the 2009–10 season.

Gordon Astall

Gordon Astall (born 22 September 1927) is an English former professional footballer. He played as an outside right, and represented the Football League, the England B team and the full England side. At club level he made 456 appearances in the Football League and scored 111 goals.

Jeff Hall (footballer)

Jeffrey James Hall (7 September 1929 – 4 April 1959) was an English footballer who played as a right back for Birmingham City and England.

It was the death of Hall – a young, fit, international footballer – from polio which helped to kick-start widespread public acceptance in Britain of the need for vaccination. Though the disease was generally feared and the Salk vaccine was available, takeup had been slow. In the weeks following Hall's death, and after his widow, Dawn, spoke on television about her loss, demand for immunisation rocketed. Emergency vaccination clinics had to be set up and supplies of the vaccine flown in from the United States to cope with the demand.

Jimmy Mullen (footballer, born 1923)

James Mullen (6 January 1923 – 23 October 1987) was an English international footballer, who played as an outside left.

Mullen spent his whole career at Wolverhampton Wanderers where he won three league championships and the FA Cup. He also represented the English national team at both the 1950 and 1954 World Cup.

Johnny Hancocks

Johnny Hancocks (30 April 1919 – 19 February 1994) was an English footballer, most associated with Wolverhampton Wanderers.

Ken Green (footballer, born 1924)

Kenneth Green (27 April 1924 – 7 June 2001) was an English footballer who played as a full back. He played for Birmingham City from 1943 to 1959, making 443 appearances in all competitions and scoring 3 goals, and played in the 1956 FA Cup final which Birmingham lost to Manchester City 3–1. He earned two England B caps in 1954, and was subsequently named in the full England squad which travelled to Switzerland for the 1954 FIFA World Cup. However, he never made a senior appearance for England. Green died in Sutton Coldfield in 2001 at the age of 77.

List of York City F.C. seasons

York City Football Club, a professional association football club based in York, North Yorkshire, England, was founded in 1922. They were elected to play in the Midland League for the 1922–23 season. After seven seasons in the Midland League, they were elected to play in the Football League in 1929 and were placed in the Third Division North. The team reached the semi-final of the 1954–55 FA Cup, and were defeated by eventual winners Newcastle United in a replay, which is the furthest the club have reached in this competition. York played in the Third Division North until 1958–59, when they were placed in the Fourth Division on League reorganisation. They won the first promotion in their history this season, after finishing third in the Fourth Division.York were promoted to the Second Division in 1974 and 1974–75 saw them achieve their highest league placing after finishing in 15th in the Second Division. Two successive relegations and a finish of 22nd in the Fourth Division saw the club apply for re-election to the Football League at the end of 1977–78. The club won its first and only title after finishing first in the Fourth Division in 1983–84 with 101 points, becoming the first team to reach 100 points in a Football League season. York's first play-off success came in 1992–93, when they beat Crewe Alexandra 5–3 in a penalty shoot-out after a 1–1 draw after extra time at Wembley Stadium to win promotion to the Second Division. The following season saw York compete in the Second Division play-off semi-final, where they were beaten 1–0 on aggregate by Stockport County.York were relegated to the Conference National after finishing bottom of the Third Division in 2003–04, ending 75 years of League membership. The play-off semi-final was reached in 2006–07, when York were beaten 2–1 on aggregate by Morecambe. The team reached the 2009 FA Trophy Final in 2008–09, which was played at the new Wembley Stadium, where York were beaten 2–0 by Stevenage Borough. The next season saw York reach the 2010 Conference Premier play-off Final at Wembley Stadium, where they were beaten 3–1 by Oxford United. The 2011–12 season concluded with two victories at Wembley Stadium; after Newport County were defeated 2–0 in the 2012 FA Trophy Final, York's Football League status was restored with a 2–1 victory over Luton Town in the 2012 Conference Premier play-off Final. However, the club was relegated to the National League four years later, after finishing bottom of League Two in 2015–16. York were relegated to the National League North for the first time a year later, but finished 2016–17 with a 3–2 win over Macclesfield Town at Wembley Stadium in the 2017 FA Trophy Final.As at the end of 2018–19, the club's first team had spent two seasons in the second tier of English football, 38 in the third, 32 in the fourth and 18 in non-League football. The table details their achievements in first-team competitions, and records their top goalscorer and average home league attendance, for each completed season since their first appearance in the Midland League in 1922–23.

Norman Wilkinson (footballer, born 1931)

Norman Francis Wilkinson (16 February 1931 – 29 January 2011) was an English professional footballer. He started his career with non-League Crook Town before joining Football League team Hull City in 1953. He joined York City in 1954 and is the club's leading goalscorer with 143 goals. He returned to non-League with Annfield Plain after retiring from League football.

Peter Murphy (footballer, born 1922)

Peter Murphy (7 March 1922 – 7 April 1975), often referred to as Spud Murphy, was an English footballer who played as an inside left. He played professionally for three clubs, Coventry City, Tottenham Hotspur and Birmingham City. He is possibly best remembered for the incident in the 1956 FA Cup Final when Manchester City's goalkeeper Bert Trautmann broke a bone in his neck when diving at Murphy's feet.

Seasons
Qualifying rounds
Finals
FA competitions
Football League
Lower leagues
Related to national team

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