1953 in baseball

The following are the baseball events of the year 1953 throughout the world.

List of years in baseball

Champions

Major League Baseball

Other champions

Winter Leagues

Awards and honors

Statistical leaders

  American League National League
Type Name Stat Name Stat
AVG Mickey Vernon WSH .337 Carl Furillo BKN .344
HR Al Rosen CLE 43 Eddie Mathews MIL 49
RBI Al Rosen CLE 145 Roy Campanella BKN 143
Wins Bob Porterfield WSH 22 Robin Roberts PHP &
Warren Spahn MIL
23
ERA Ed Lopat NYY 2.42 Warren Spahn MIL 2.10
Ks Billy Pierce CHW 186 Robin Roberts PHP 198

Major league baseball final standings

American League final standings

American League
Club Wins Losses Win %   GB
New York Yankees 99 52 .656
Cleveland Indians 92 62 .597 8.5
Chicago White Sox 89 65 .578 11.5
Boston Red Sox 84 69 .549 16
Washington Senators 76 76 .500 23.5
Detroit Tigers 60 94 .390 40.5
Philadelphia Athletics 59 95 .383 41.5
St. Louis Browns 54 100 .351 46.5

National League final standings

National League
Club Wins Losses Win %   GB
Brooklyn Dodgers 105 49 .682
Milwaukee Braves 92 62 .597 13
Philadelphia Phillies 83 71 .539 22
St. Louis Cardinals 83 71 .539 22
New York Giants 70 84 .455 35
Cincinnati Reds 68 86 .442 37
Chicago Cubs 65 89 .422 40
Pittsburgh Pirates 50 104 .325 55

Events

January

February

March

  • March 13 – Boston Braves owner, Lou Perini, announced he was moving the team to Milwaukee, where the Braves had their top farm club, in time for the 1953 season.
  • March 28 – Jim Thorpe, famed American Indian athlete considered by many as the greatest athlete in recorded history, died in Lomita, California at the age of 64. A native of Prague, Oklahoma, Thorpe played six seasons of Major League Baseball between 1913 and 1919, mostly for the New York Giants, in addition to his Olympic gold medals in the 1912 pentathlon and decathlon competition, while playing and coaching for a long time in the National Football League.[1]

April

May

June

July

August

  • August 30 – In game one of a doubleheader, Jim Pendleton hit three home runs, as the Milwaukee Braves beat the Pittsburgh Pirates at Forbes Field, 19–4, while tying a major league record for the most home runs in a single game with eight, held by the New York Yankees since 1939. Besides, Pendleton became only the second rookie in history to hit three home runs in one game, joining his teammate Eddie Mathews, who dit it just a year earlier.[3] In the second of the twin bill, the Braves hit four more long balls and crushed again Pittsburgh, 11–5. Moreover, the 12 homers in a doubleheader shattered the previous mark of nine. This time, Mathews belted four dingers for the day, which gave him a National League-leading 43. Matthews would finish the season with 47 home runs, 30 of them on the road, setting also a major league record.[4] Previously, only the New York Yankees had ever hit more home runs in consecutive games, or in a doubleheader. The Yankees hit eight home runs in a 23–2 victory in the first game of a doubleheader, and five homers in a 10–0 win in the second game, played on June 28, 1939 against the Philadelphia Athletics at Shibe Park.[5]

September

October

  • October 5 – The New York Yankees defeat the Brooklyn Dodgers, 4–3, in Game 6 of the World Series, to win their record-setting fifth consecutive World Championship and sixteenth overall, four games to two. Billy Martin was the star of the Series with a record-setting 12 hits, including the game-winning single in the bottom of the 9th of Game 6 to clinch the title.
  • October 7 – Bill Veeck, facing dwindling attendance and revenue, is forced to sell the St. Louis Browns to a Baltimore-based group led by attorney Clarence Miles and brewer Jerry Hoffberger. The Browns would move to Baltimore and be known as the Baltimore Orioles starting in the 1954 season.

November

  • November 9 – Reaffirming its earlier position, the United States Supreme Court rules, 7–2, that baseball is a sport and not a business and therefore not subject to antitrust laws. The ruling is made in a case involving New York Yankees minor league player George Toolson, who refused to move from Triple-A to Double-A.
  • November 10 – The New York Giants end their tour of Japan. It is reported that each Giants player received just $331 of the $3,000 they were promised.
  • November 24 – The Brooklyn Dodgers sign Walter Alston to a one-year pact as their manager for 1954. Alston will manage the Brooklyn/Los Angeles Dodgers over the next 23 seasons, winning 2,040 games and four World Championships.

December

  • December 1 – The Boston Red Sox trade for slugger Jackie Jensen, sending P Mickey McDermott and OF Tom Umphlett to the Washington Senators. Jensen will average 25 home runs a year for his seven seasons for Boston, lead the American League in RBI three times, and win the Most Valuable Player Award in 1958. A fear of flying will end his career prematurely.
  • December 9 – The U.S. Supreme Court upholds Major League Baseball's antitrust exemption and the reserve clause in Toolson v. New York Yankees, Inc.

Movies

Births

January

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

Deaths

January

February

March

April

  • April   3 – Larry Benton, 55, pitcher who played for the Boston Braves, New York Giants and Cincinnati Reds over parts of thirteen seasons from 1923–1935, leading the National League with 25 wins and 28 complete games in 1928, and twice in W-L record from 1927 to 1928.
  • April   5 – Tex Erwin, 67, catcher who played with the Detroit Tigers in 1907, and for the Cincinnati Reds and the Brooklyn Superbas, Robins and Dodgers clubs in a span of five seasons from 1910–1914.
  • April   5 – Connie Walsh, 70, pitcher who appeared in one game for the Pittsburgh Pirates in its 1907 season.
  • April   5 – Herb Gorman, 28, first baseman who made a pinch-hit appearance for the 1952 St. Louis Cardinals
  • April 11 – Kid Nichols, Hall of Fame pitcher who posted 361 victories for the seventh most wins in Major League Baseball history, died in Kansas City, Missouri at the age of 79. Born in Madison, Wisconsin, Nichols anchored the pitching staff of the Boston Beaneaters between 1890 and 1901, guiding Boston to five National League championships in his first nine seasons with the club. He surpassed the 30-victory plateau seven times from 1891–1894 and 1896–1898, as his career record shows that he hurled 20 or more wins in ten consecutive seasons from 1891–1994 and in 1904.[16] In addition, he remains as the youngest pitcher to reach the illustrious 300-win milestone, getting there months before his 31st birthday. His most productive season came in 1892, when he had a 35–16 record and won two games in the league's Championship Series as the Beaneaters defeated Cy Young and the Cleveland Spiders.[17] Nichols remained with Boston through 1901, when the team let him go in an effort to save money.[18] After a two-year lapse, he returned to the majors as manager and pitcher for the St. Louis Cardinals from 1904 to 1905 and ended his career with the Philadelphia Phillies in 1905.[16] Overall, Nichols posted a 2.96 ERA, led the National league in wins for three straight years from 1896 to 1898, pitched more than 300 innings in every season but three and more than 400 five times while pitching 532 complete games and 48 shutouts in 562 starts,[16] and was never removed from a game for a relief hurler.[19] Besides, his record of seven seasons with 30 or more victories is a mark that is likely to stand forever, since the implementation of five-man rotations, pitch count and inning limits in modern baseball.[18]
  • April 14 – Roy Patterson, 77, Chicago White Sox pitcher best remembered for throwing the first pitch and recording the first win in the first official American League game on April 24, 1901, defeating the Cleveland Blues at Chicago's South Side Park, 8–2, while collecting a 81-72 career record and 2.75 ERA for Chicago in seven seasons from 1901–1907, including AL pennants in 1901 and 1906, though he did not pitch for the 1906 World Series champion White Sox team.[20]
  • April 16 – Sam Gray, 55, pitcher who played for the Philadelphia Athletics and the St. Louis Browns over ten seasons from 1924 to 1933.
  • April 18 – Harry Niles, 72, outfielder and second baseman who played from 1906 through 1910 for the St. Louis Browns, New York Highlanders, Boston Red Sox and Cleveland Naps.
  • April 18 – Cotton Tierney, 59, second baseman and third baseman who played from 1920 to 1925 for the Pittsburgh Pirates, Philadelphia Phillies, Boston Braves and Brooklyn Dodgers, being honored by his great-great-nephew Jeff Euston, who created in 2005 a website named Cot's Baseball Contracts,[21] which track all salaries of MLB players, contracts, bonuses, service time and franchise values.
  • April 26 – Don Brennan, 49, who played for the New York Yankees, Cincinnati Reds and New York Giants in a span of five seasons from 1933–1937.
  • April 29 – Gene McAuliffe, 81, backup catcher for the 1904 Boston Beaneaters

May

June

July

August

September

October

  • October   5 – Rags Faircloth, 61, pitcher who made two appearances for the Philadelphia Phillies in 1919.
  • October 17 – Jim Delahanty, 74, one of five Delahanty brothers to play in the majors, a fine defensive second baseman who had a 13-year career with eight teams spanning 1901–1915, while batting a solid .283/.357/.373/.730 line and 1,159 hits in 1,186 career games.

November

December

Sources

  1. ^ Jim Thorpe Is Dead On West Coast at 64. Article published at The New York Times on March 29, 1953. Retrieved on February 25, 2018.
  2. ^ Ball, Bat and Bishop: the Origin of Ball Games. Henderson. by Robert W. (2001). University of Illinois Press. ISBN 978-0-25-206992-5.
  3. ^ Milwaukee Braves Heroes and Heartbreak. Povletich, William (2009). Wisconsin Historical Society Press. ISBN 978-0-87-020423-4
  4. ^ August 30, 1953: Milwaukee Braves set National League home run record. Article and box scores published by SABR Biography Project. Retrieved on February 24, 2018.
  5. ^ New York Yankees 10, Philadelphia Athletics 0 (2). Game Played on Wednesday, June 28, 1939 (D) at Shibe Park. Retrosheet box score. Retrieved on February 24, 2018.
  6. ^ Doc Moskiman. Article written by Bill Nowlin. SABR Biography Project. Retrieved on June 18, 2019.
  7. ^ Ben Taylor. Negro Leagues Baseball Museum. Retrieved on June 18, 2019.
  8. ^ Ben Taylor. National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum. Retrieved on June 18, 2019.
  9. ^ Clyde Milan. Article written by Tom Simon. SABR Biography Project. Retrieved on June 19, 2019.
  10. ^ a b Pitchers Stealing Home. Article written by Leonard Gettelson.SABR Biography Project. Retrieved on June 19, 2019.
  11. ^ A thorough account of pitchers who have started both games of a doubleheader in the major leagues. Article written by J.G. Preston. Retrieved on June 19, 2019.
  12. ^ May 2, 1917: Fred Toney and Reds prevail 1–0 in double no-hitter against Cubs' Hippo Vaughn. Article written by Mike Lynch. SABR Biography Project. Retrieved on June 19, 2019.
  13. ^ Fred Toney statistics and history. Retrosheet. Retrieved on June 19, 2019.
  14. ^ a b c d Jim Thorpe Biography. Pro Football Hall of Fame. Retrieved on June 19, 2019.
  15. ^ Jim Thorpe (1887–1953). IMDb. Retrieved on June 19, 2019.
  16. ^ a b c Kid Nichols Statistics and History. Baseball Reference. Retrieved on February 24, 2018.
  17. ^ 1892 Championship Series Boston Beaneaters over Cleveland Spiders (5–0–1). Baseball Reference. Retrieved on February 24, 2018.
  18. ^ a b Kid Nichols Biography. Baseball Hall of Fame Official Website. Retrieved on February 24, 2018.
  19. ^ Kid Nichols Obituary. The New York Times, Sunday, April 12th, 1953. Retrieved from The Deadball Era on February 24, 2018.
  20. ^ Roy Patterson. Article written by Terry Bohn. SABR Biography Project. Retrieved on June 21, 2019.
  21. ^ Cot's Baseball Contracts. Baseball Prospectus. Retrieved on June 24, 2019.
  22. ^ A thorough account of pitchers who have started both games of a doubleheader in the major leagues. Article by J.G. Preston. PrestonJG website. Retrieved on June 25, 2019.
  23. ^ Sam Leever. Article written by Mark Armour. SABR Biography Project. Retrieved on June 25, 2019.
  24. ^ Ray Grimes. Article written by Bill Nowlin. SABR Biography Project. Retrieved on June 25, 2019.
  25. ^ a b c Jesse Burkette batting and fielding statistics. Retrosheet. Retrieved on June 20, 2019.
  26. ^ a b c Jesse Burkett. Article written by David Jones. SABR Biography Project. Retrieved on February 25, 2018.
  27. ^ a b Year by Year Leaders for Batting Average / Batting Champions. Baseball Almanac. Retrieved on February 25, 2018.
  28. ^ Arnold Rothstein and Baseball's 1919 Black Sox Scandal. Article written by David Pietrusza. Retrieved on June 25, 2019.
  29. ^ Jim Tabor. Article written by Maurice Bouchard. Retrieved on June 25, 2019.
  30. ^ Jack Pfiester. Article written by Stuart Schimler. SABR Biography Project. Retrieved on June 26, 2019.
  31. ^ Buck Herzog. Article written by Gabriel Schechter. SABR Biography Project. Retrieved on June 26, 2019.
  32. ^ Tom Dougherty. Batting and pitching statistics. Baseball Reference Retrieved on June 13, 2019.
  33. ^ Billy Maharg. Article written by Bill Lamb. SABR BiographyProject. Retrieved on June 26, 2019.
  34. ^ Ed Barrow. Article written by Daniel R. Levitt. SABR Biography Project. Retrieved on June 27, 2019.
  35. ^ Pinch Thomas. Article written by Joanne Hulbert. SABR Biography Project. Retrieved on June 27, 2019.
  36. ^ Patsy Donovan. Article written by David Jones. SABR Biography Project. Retrieved on June 27, 2019.

External links

1953 Baseball Hall of Fame balloting

Elections to the Baseball Hall of Fame for 1953 followed a radically new procedure. The institution appointed its Committee on Baseball Veterans, the famous "Veterans Committee", to meet in person and consider pioneers and executives, managers, umpires, and earlier major league players. Committees in the 1930s and 1940s had chosen several pioneers and executives, but this was the first direction of anyone's attention to field personnel other than players, the managers and umpires.

The first Veterans Committee met in closed sessions and elected six people: Ed Barrow, Chief Bender, Tommy Connolly, Bill Klem, Bobby Wallace, and Harry Wright.

The Baseball Writers' Association of America (BBWAA) voted by mail to select from recent players (no change) and elected two, Dizzy Dean and Al Simmons.

1953 Caribbean Series

The fifth edition of the Caribbean Series (Serie del Caribe) was played in 1953. It was held from February 20 through February 25, featuring the champion baseball teams of Cuba, Leones de la Habana; Panama, Chesterfield Smokers; Puerto Rico, Cangrejeros de Santurce, and Venezuela, Leones del Caracas. The format consisted of 12 games, each team facing the other teams twice. The games were played at Estadio del Cerro in Havana, the Cuban capital.

1953 Claxton Shield

The 1953 Claxton Shield was the 14th annual Claxton Shield, it was held at the Brisbane Exhibition Ground and Davies Park in Brisbane, Queensland from 11–19 July 1953. It was the first Claxton Shield held in Queensland. The participants were South Australia, New South Wales, Victoria and Queensland. The Western Australia team, holders of the Shield, were unable to afford the costs to travel to Brisbane. The series was won by New South Wales, their seventh Shield title.

1953 Little League World Series

The 1953 Little League World Series was held from August 25 to August 28 in Williamsport, Pennsylvania. In the championship game, Birmingham, Alabama, beat Schenectady, New York, by a score of 1–0 in the seventh edition of the tournament.The Birmingham Public Library commemorated the 50th anniversary of the championship in 2003.

Greater Buckeye Conference

The Greater Buckeye Conference was a high school athletic conference with six members, all located in a large area of northern and northwest Ohio. It was affiliated with the Ohio High School Athletic Association. The conference was created for the 2003-2004 school year after the Great Lakes League folded, and lasted until the end of the 2010-11 school year.

The conference's longest and most storied rivalry was between the football teams of Fremont Ross and Sandusky. The Little Giants and the Blue Streaks had first played in 1895.

Toolson v. New York Yankees, Inc.

Toolson v. New York Yankees, 346 U.S. 356 (1953), is a United States Supreme Court case in which the Court upheld, 7–2, the antitrust exemption first granted to Major League Baseball (MLB) three decades earlier in Federal Baseball Club v. National League. It was also the first challenge to the reserve clause which prevented free agency, and one of the first cases heard and decided by the Warren Court.

Since it presumed that Congress's failure to act in the years since Federal Baseball Club was an implicit expression of intent to keep baseball exempt from the Sherman Antitrust Act, it has been read as having done more to create that exemption than the older case. Two justices (Stanley Forman Reed and Harold Hitz Burton) dissented from the short, unsigned per curiam majority opinion, arguing MLB and its revenue sources had changed enough since 1922 that the logic of that case no longer applied. In 1972, a third justice (William O. Douglas) would express his regret at having joined the majority when Toolson was again upheld in the similar Flood v. Kuhn.

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