1947 Pulitzer Prize

The following are the Pulitzer Prizes for 1947.

Journalism awards

Letters, Drama and Music Awards

Special Awards and Citations

  • Journalism:
    • Columbia University and the Graduate School of Journalism (Pulitzer centennial year.) Columbia University and the Graduate School of Journalism for their efforts to maintain and advance the high standards governing the Pulitzer Prize awards. The St. Louis Post-Dispatch, for its unswerving adherence to the public and professional ideals of its founder and its constructive leadership in the field of American journalism.

External links

Arnold Hardy

Arnold Hardy (February 2, 1922 – December 5, 2007) was an American amateur photographer who won the 1947 Pulitzer Prize for Photography.

His 1947 award-winning photo of a woman plunging from a window of the burning Winecoff Hotel in Atlanta, Georgia, USA on December 7, 1946, became the defining image of the fire that killed 119 people. At the time, Hardy was 24 years old and a graduate student at Georgia Tech.Hardy later declined a job with the Associated Press, and instead began an x-ray equipment business. He died in 2007 at age 85 at Emory University Hospital in Atlanta of complications following hip surgery.

Blanche DuBois

Blanche DuBois (married name Grey) is a fictional character in Tennessee Williams' 1947 Pulitzer Prize-winning play A Streetcar Named Desire. The character was written for Tallulah Bankhead.

David Kennerly

David Kennerly may refer to:

David Hume Kennerly (born 1947), Pulitzer Prize–winning photographer

David Ethan Kennerly, role-playing game author

Eddy Gilmore

Eddy Gilmore (May 28, 1907 – October 6, 1967) was a newspaper reporter. He won the 1947 Pulitzer Prize in Telegraphic Reporting-International. Gilmore covered the funerals of Winston Churchill and Joseph Stalin. He was born in Selma on May 28, 1907. 21 years later, in 1928, Gilmore graduated from the Carnegie Institute of Technology, having previously attended Washington and Lee University. The next year, he was hired by the Atlantic Journal, where he would work until 1932. That year Gilmore left to work for The Washington Daily News. After three years, the Associated Press hired him, and after being assigned to Washington, D.C., from 1942–43, Gilmore was chief of AP operations in Russia. While there, he won his Pulitzer Prize for an interview with Joseph Stalin. Gilmore fell in love with Tamara Kolb-Chernashova (a ballet dancer) while there, and began to attempt to marry her. The Soviet Union resisted the marriage and it was not until Wendell Willkie intervened on their behalf that they were allowed to marry in 1950. Gilmore left Russia in 1953 and spent the majority of the rest of his career in London. He died of a heart attack on October 6, 1967. The film Never Let Me Go is based on Gilmore's romance with Tamara Kolb-Chernashova.

Edward T. Folliard

Edward T. Folliard (May 14, 1899 – November 25, 1976) was an American journalist. He spent most of his career at The Washington Post, for which he covered the White House from the presidency of Calvin Coolidge to that of Lyndon B. Johnson. He had friendly relations with both Harry S. Truman and Dwight D. Eisenhower that continued beyond those men's presidencies.

In addition to covering the presidency, Folliard also reported on many major news events such as Charles Lindbergh's transatlantic flight. During World War II, he reported from European battlefronts and POW camps.

He won several awards, including the 1947 Pulitzer Prize for Telegraphic Reporting (National) and the Presidential Medal of Freedom, which was presented to him by President Richard M. Nixon.

Ellis Hotel

The Ellis Hotel, formerly known as the Winecoff Hotel, is located at 176 Peachtree Street NW, in downtown Atlanta, Georgia, USA. Designed by William Lee Stoddart, the 15-story building opened in 1913. It is located next to the former Macy's (at 180 Peachtree Street), which was built as the flagship Davison's. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places on March 31, 2009.

Emporia Gazette

The Emporia Gazette is a daily newspaper in Emporia, Kansas.

William Allen White bought the newspaper for $3,000 ($90.3 thousand in 2018 dollars) in 1895. Through his editorship, over the next five decades, he became an iconic figure in American journalism and political life. The paper rose to national prominence and influence in the Republican Party following the 1896 publication of "What's the Matter With Kansas?", a White editorial that harshly criticized Populism and the Presidential campaign of William Jennings Bryan. White struck up a friendship with US President Theodore Roosevelt who stayed at the White home, called Red Rocks, during cross country trips.

White won the 1923 Pulitzer Prize for editorials after he was arrested for a free speech violation of a newly enacted law pushed by Kansas Governor Henry Justin Allen. White's autobiography, published posthumously, won the 1947 Pulitzer Prize.

The newspaper is still published by the White family.

Besides owning The Emporia Gazette, The White family owns The St. Marys Star, in St. Marys, Kansas, The Chase County Leader-News, in Cottonwood Falls, Kansas, and as of 5 November 2013, The Westmoreland Recorder, in Westmoreland, Kansas. The White Corporation added the Junction City Union, The Abilene Reflector-Chronicle and the Wamego Smoke Signal to its newspaper family in March 2016.

Frederick Woltman

Frederick Woltman (1905–1970) was a 20th-century American newspaper journalist for the New York World-Telegram, known as "an anti-communist reporter in the 1940s and early 1950s but best known for criticism of U.S. Senator Joseph McCarthy in a series of articles called "The McCarthy Balance Sheet," which ran July 12–16, 1954.

Howard M. Norton

Howard M. Norton (May 30, 1911 – March 12, 1994) was an American journalist whose work won a Pulitzer Prize.Howard Norton grew up in Florida, and he attended the University of Florida for college. In 1933, he graduated with a bachelor's degree in journalism. After graduation, he moved to Baltimore and became a Foreign correspondent for The Baltimore Sun.

Norton wrote a series of articles "dealing with the administration of unemployment compensation in Maryland, resulting in convictions and pleas of guilty in criminal court of 93 persons." His work won the 1947 Pulitzer Prize for Public Service for The Baltimore Sun.

Humpty Dumpty

Humpty Dumpty is a character in an English nursery rhyme, probably originally a riddle and one of the best known in the English-speaking world. He is typically portrayed as an anthropomorphic egg, though he is not explicitly described as such. The first recorded versions of the rhyme date from late eighteenth-century England and the tune from 1870 in James William Elliott's National Nursery Rhymes and Nursery Songs. Its origins are obscure and several theories have been advanced to suggest original meanings.

The character of Humpty Dumpty was popularised in the United States by actor George L. Fox (1825–77). As a character and literary allusion, he has appeared or been referred to in a large number of works of literature and popular culture, particularly English author Lewis Carroll's Through the Looking-Glass (1872), in which he was described as an egg. The rhyme is listed in the Roud Folk Song Index as No. 13026.

James Phinney Baxter III

James Phinney Baxter III (February 15, 1893 in Portland, Maine – June 17, 1975 in Williamstown, Massachusetts) was an American historian, educator, and academic, who won the 1947 Pulitzer Prize for History for his book Scientists Against Time (1946). He was also the author of The Introduction of the Ironclad Warship (1933).

Kennerly

Kennerly is a surname. Notable people with the surname include:

Camille and Kennerly Kitt, Twin musicians and film actresses

David Hume Kennerly (born 1947), Pulitzer Prize–winning photographer

David Ethan Kennerly, role-playing game author

Paul Kennerly, English singer-songwriter, musician, and record producer

Robert Wilson Kennerly (born 1931), US-politician and community leader

Thomas Martin Kennerly (1874–1962), United States federal judge

Pulitzer Prize Special Citations and Awards

The Pulitzer Prize jury has the option of awarding special citations and awards where they consider necessary. Since 1918, forty-four such special citations and awards have been given. The awards are sixteen journalism awards, twelve letters awards, fourteen music awards, and five service awards. Prizes for the award vary. The Pulitzer Foundation has stated that the Special Citations given to George Gershwin, Thelonious Monk, John Coltrane and Duke Ellington were in response to criticism for the failure of the Foundation to cite the four.

Robert E. Sherwood

Robert Emmet Sherwood (April 4, 1896 – November 14, 1955) was an American playwright, editor, and screenwriter.

Robert Penn Warren

Robert Penn Warren (April 24, 1905 – September 15, 1989) was an American poet, novelist, and literary critic and was one of the founders of New Criticism. He was also a charter member of the Fellowship of Southern Writers. He founded the literary journal The Southern Review with Cleanth Brooks in 1935. He received the 1947 Pulitzer Prize for the Novel for his novel All the King's Men (1946) and the Pulitzer Prize for Poetry in 1958 and 1979. He is the only person to have won Pulitzer Prizes for both fiction and poetry.

Scientists Against Time

Scientists Against Time is a book by James Phinney Baxter III published in 1946 by Little, Brown and Company which won the 1947 Pulitzer Prize for History.

Symphony No. 3 (Piston)

The Symphony No. 3 by Walter Piston was composed in 1946–47.

Vaughn Shoemaker

Vaughn Richard Shoemaker (August 11, 1902 Chicago, Illinois – August 18, 1991 Carol Stream, Illinois) was an American editorial cartoonist. He won the 1938 and 1947 Pulitzer Prize for Editorial Cartooning and created the character John Q. Public.

Shoemaker started his career at the Chicago Daily News and spent 22 years there. His 1938 Pulitzer cartoon for the paper was "The Road Back", featuring a World War I soldier marching back to war. The 1947 winning cartoon for the paper was "Still Racing His Shadow", featuring "new wage demands" of workers trying to outrun his shadow "cost of living". He went on to work for the New York Herald Tribune, the Chicago American, and Chicago Today. By his 1972 retirement he had drawn over 14,000 cartoons.

He lived in Carol Stream, Illinois and died of cancer at the age of 89.

Winecoff Hotel fire

The Winecoff Hotel fire of December 7, 1946, was the deadliest hotel fire in United States history, killing 119 hotel occupants, including the hotel's owners. Located at 176 Peachtree Street in downtown Atlanta, Georgia, United States, the Winecoff Hotel was advertised as "absolutely fireproof". While the hotel's steel structure was indeed protected against the effects of fire, the hotel's interior finishes were combustible, and the building's exit arrangements consisted of a single stairway serving all fifteen floors. All of the hotel's occupants above the fire's origin on the third floor were trapped, and the fire's survivors either were rescued from upper-story windows or jumped into nets held by firemen. The fire was notable for the number of victims who jumped to their deaths. A photograph of one survivor's fall won the 1947 Pulitzer Prize for Photography. The fire – which followed the June 5, 1946, La Salle Hotel fire in Chicago (with 61 fatalities), and the June 19, 1946, Canfield Hotel fire in Dubuque, Iowa (with 19 fatalities) – spurred significant changes in North American building codes, most significantly requiring multiple protected means of egress and self-closing fire-resistive doors for guest rooms in hotels.

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