1944 Pulitzer Prize

The following are the Pulitzer Prizes for 1944.

Journalism awards

Letters, Drama and Music Awards

Special Citations & Awards

  • Journalism:
  • Journalism:
    • Mrs. William Allen White A scroll indicating appreciation of Mr. White interest and services during the past seven years as a member of the Advisory Board of the Graduate School of Journalism, Columbia University.
  • Letters:

External links

Alfred A. Knopf

Alfred A. Knopf, Inc. () is a New York publishing house that was founded by Alfred A. Knopf Sr. and Blanche Knopf in 1915. Blanche and Alfred traveled abroad regularly and were known for publishing European, Asian, and Latin American writers in addition to leading American literary trends. It was acquired by Random House in 1960, which was later acquired by Bertelsmann in 1998, and is now part of the Knopf Doubleday Publishing Group. The Knopf publishing house is associated with its borzoi colophon, which was designed by co-founder Blanche Knopf in 1925.

Benjamin Fine

Benjamin Fine (1905–1975) was an American journalist and author. He worked at The New York Times from 1938 to 1958. Fine was born in Attleboro, Massachusetts, and died while on vacation in Puson, South Korea.

Bunker (surname)

Bunker is a surname.

Carleton Mabee

Carleton Mabee (December 24, 1914 – December 18, 2014) was an American writer who won the 1944 Pulitzer Prize for Biography or Autobiography for The American Leonardo: The Life of Samuel F B. Morse.

Earle Bunker

Earle L. "Buddy" Bunker (September 4, 1912 – January 29, 1975) was a photographer for the Omaha World-Herald and one of the two winners of the 1944 Pulitzer Prize for Photography.

Bunker began his career with the Omaha Bee-News in 1929. In 1937, the Bee ceased publication when William Randolph Hearst sold it to the Omaha World-Herald. Bunker spent the rest of his career with the World-Herald.Bunker won the Pulitzer for a photograph entitled "Homecoming" of a World War II soldier returning home to greet his family. Lieutenant Colonel Robert Moore had been awarded the Distinguished Service Cross for leading his battalion against Erwin Rommel's Panzers in North Africa. He had been away from his family for sixteen months. Bunker waited over twenty-four hours for Moore's train to reach the station in Villisca, Iowa so he could take the photograph.

Frank Filan

Frank Xavier Filan (December 7, 1905-July 23, 1952) was an Associated Press photographers and one of the winners of the 1944 Pulitzer Prize for Photography. He entered U.S. military service in 1929, and covered the pacific theater in WWII as a photographer.Born in Brooklyn, New York, Filan began his career with the Los Angeles Times.

Ie, Okinawa

Ie (伊江村, Ie-son, Kunigami: Ii, Okinawan: Ii (伊江)) is a village located in Kunigami District, Okinawa Prefecture, Japan. The village lies on the island of Iejima.

As of October 2016, the village has an estimated population of 4,192 and the density of 180 persons per km². Ie is in a period of sustained population loss, and has the highest rate of population loss in Okinawa Prefecture. The total area of the village is 22.75 square kilometres (8.78 sq mi). Iejima Airport serves the village.

Journey in the Dark

Journey in the Dark is a 1943 novel by Martin Flavin. It won both the 1943 Harper Prize and the 1944 Pulitzer Prize.

List of people from Mississippi

This list contains people who were born or lived in the U.S. state of Mississippi.


Oklahoma! is the first musical written by the team of composer Richard Rodgers and librettist Oscar Hammerstein II. The musical is based on Lynn Riggs' 1931 play, Green Grow the Lilacs. Set in farm country outside the town of Claremore, Indian Territory, in 1906, it tells the story of farm girl Laurey Williams and her courtship by two rival suitors, cowboy Curly McLain and the sinister and frightening farmhand Jud Fry. A secondary romance concerns cowboy Will Parker and his flirtatious fiancée, Ado Annie.

The original Broadway production opened on March 31, 1943. It was a box-office smash and ran for an unprecedented 2,212 performances, later enjoying award-winning revivals, national tours, foreign productions and an Academy Award-winning 1955 film adaptation. It has long been a popular choice for school and community productions. Rodgers and Hammerstein won a special Pulitzer Prize for Oklahoma! in 1944.

This musical, building on the innovations of the earlier Show Boat, epitomized the development of the "book musical", a musical play where the songs and dances are fully integrated into a well-made story with serious dramatic goals that are able to evoke genuine emotions other than laughter. In addition, Oklahoma! features musical themes, or motifs, that recur throughout the work to connect the music and story. A fifteen-minute "dream ballet" reflects Laurey's struggle with her feelings about two men, Curly and Jud.

Omaha World-Herald

The Omaha World-Herald is the primary newspaper serving the Omaha-Council Bluffs metropolitan area. It is based in Omaha, Nebraska. For decades it circulated daily throughout Nebraska and Iowa and in parts of Kansas, South Dakota, Missouri, Colorado, and Wyoming. In 2008, distribution was reduced to the eastern third of Nebraska and western Iowa. Since 2011, it has been owned by Warren Buffett's Berkshire Hathaway Media, also based in Omaha. Since June 2018, The World-Herald and the rest of the BH Media Group has been managed by Lee Enterprises, the Davenport, Iowa-based newspaper chain that Buffett chose to manage the 30 daily Berkshire papers.

Pulitzer Prize Special Citations and Awards

The Pulitzer Prize jury has the option of awarding special citations and awards where they consider necessary. Since 1918, forty-four such special citations and awards have been given. The awards are sixteen journalism awards, twelve letters awards, fourteen music awards, and five service awards. Prizes for the award vary. The Pulitzer Foundation has stated that the Special Citations given to George Gershwin, Thelonious Monk, John Coltrane and Duke Ellington were in response to criticism for the failure of the Foundation to cite the four.

Samuel Morse

Samuel Finley Breese Morse, OIC (April 27, 1791 – April 2, 1872) was an American painter and inventor. After having established his reputation as a portrait painter, in his middle age Morse contributed to the invention of a single-wire telegraph system based on European telegraphs. He was a co-developer of Morse code and helped to develop the commercial use of telegraphy.

Symphony No. 4 (Hanson)

Symphony No. 4 Op. 34, "Requiem" (1943) by Howard Hanson (1896–1981) is Hanson's fourth symphony. It was inspired by the death of his father, taking its movement titles from sections of the Requiem Mass. He was awarded the 1944 Pulitzer Prize for Music, unanimously selected by the jury, for the piece. Hanson regarded it as his finest work.

Andante inquieto (Kyrie)

Elegy: Largo (Requiescat)

Presto (Dies irae)

Largo pastorale (Lux aeterna)It was premiered by the Boston Symphony Orchestra on December 3, 1943, conducted by the composer and the radio premiere was January 2, 1944 by the NBC Symphony Orchestra with Leopold Stokowski. One of his least heard symphonies, "this work represents American Romanticism at its best."


Tarawa is an atoll and the capital of the Republic of Kiribati, in the central Pacific Ocean. It comprises North Tarawa, which has much in common with other, more remote islands of the Gilberts group; and South Tarawa, which is home to 56,284 people as of 2010 – half of the country's total population. The atoll is best known by outsiders as the site of the Battle of Tarawa during World War II.

The Kansas City Star

The Kansas City Star is a newspaper based in Kansas City, Missouri. Published since 1880, the paper is the recipient of eight Pulitzer Prizes. The Star is most notable for its influence on the career of President Harry Truman and as the newspaper where a young Ernest Hemingway honed his writing style. It was also central to government-mandated divestiture of radio and television outlets by newspaper concerns in the late 1950s.

Western Star

Western Star or The Western Star may refer to:

Western Star Trucks, an American manufacturer of commercial trucks

Western Star (train), a passenger train operated by the Great Northern Railway

Western Star, Ohio, a community in the United States

USS Western Star (ID-4210), a United States Navy cargo ship in commission from 1918 to 1919

Western Star, an unfinished narrative poem, winner of the 1944 Pulitzer Prize for Poetry, on the settling of the United States written by Stephen Vincent Benét

Western Star (butter), an Australian brand of butter produced by Fonterra

The Western Star (Bessemer, Alabama), a weekly newspaper published in Bessemer, Alabama

The Western Star (Corner Brook), a newspaper in Corner Brook, Newfoundland

The Western Star (Ohio), a defunct weekly newspaper in Lebanon, Ohio

The Western Star (Queensland)

The Western Star and Roma Advertiser

World War II in popular culture

There is a wide range of ways in which people have represented World War II in popular culture. Many works were created during the years of conflict and many more have arisen from that period of world history.

Some well-known examples of books about the war, like Nobel laureate Kenzaburō Ōe's Okinawa Notes, could only have been crafted in retrospect.

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