1944 (song)

"1944" is a song written and performed by Ukrainian singer Jamala. It represented Ukraine in the Eurovision Song Contest 2016 and won with a total of 534 points.[1][2]

A music video for the song was released on 21 September 2016.[3]

"1944"
Jamala - 1944
Single by Jamala
from the album 1944
Released5 February 2016
FormatDigital download
Recorded2015
Length3:00
LabelEnjoy
Songwriter(s)Susana Jamaladinova
Jamala singles chronology
"Breath"
(2015)
"1944"
(2016)
"Zamanyly"
(2016)
Ukraine "1944"
Eurovision Song Contest 2016 entry
Country
Artist(s)
Languages
Composer(s)
Lyricist(s)
Art Antonyan, Jamala
Finals performance
Semi-final result
2nd
Semi-final points
287
Final result
1st
Final points
534
Appearance chronology
◄ "Tick-Tock" (2014)   
"Time" (2017) ►

Background and lyrics

The lyrics for "1944" concern the deportation of the Crimean Tatars, in the 1940s, by the Soviet Union at the hands of Joseph Stalin because of their alleged collaboration with the Nazis.[4] Jamala was particularly inspired by the story of her great-grandmother Nazylkhan, who was in her mid-20s when she and her five children were deported to barren Central Asia. One of the daughters did not survive the journey.[5][6][7][8] Jamala's great-grandfather was fighting in World War II in the Red Army at this time and thus could not protect his family.[7] The song was also released amid renewed repression of Crimean Tatars following the Russian annexation of Crimea, since most Crimean Tatars refuse to accept the annexation.[9]

The English lyrics were written by the poet Art Antonyan. The song's chorus, in the Crimean Tatar language, is made up of words from a Crimean Tatar folk song called "Ey, güzel Qırım" that Jamala had heard from her great-grandmother, reflecting on the loss of a youth which could not be spent in her homeland.[10] The song features the duduk played by Aram Kostanyan[11] and the use of the mugham vocal style.[12]

National selection and Eurovision Song Contest

Ukraine withdrew from the Eurovision Song Contest 2015, citing costs.[13] After deciding to return to the contest in 2016, a selection process to determine the representative of Ukraine was opened, combining resources from the state broadcaster NTU and private STB.[14] Jamala was announced as one of the eighteen competing acts in the Ukrainian national selection for the contest. She performed in the first semi-final on 6 February 2016, where she won both the jury and televote, advancing to the Ukrainian final.[15] In the final, on 21 February, she was placed second by the jury and first by the televote, resulting in a tie with The Hardkiss and their song "Helpless". Jamala was announced as the winner, however, as the televoting acted as a tiebreaker.[1] She received 37.77% of more than 382,000 televotes.[16]

Jamala represented Ukraine in the Eurovision Song Contest 2016, performing in the second half of the second semi-final...[17] "1944" is the first Eurovision song to contain lyrics in the Crimean Tatar language. She won the final receiving the second highest televoting score and second highest jury vote.

Accusations of politicisation

In a February 2016 interview with The Guardian, Jamala said that the song also reminded her of her own family living in Crimea nowadays, claiming that since the 2014 Russian annexation of Crimea "the Crimean Tatars are on occupied territory".[4][nb 1] The song lyrics, however, do not address this annexation.[19] Eurovision rules prohibit songs with lyrics that could be interpreted as having "political content".[19]

Immediately after the selection of this song, some Russian politicians, as well as authorities in Crimea, accused the Ukrainian authorities of using the song "to offend Russia" and "capitalising on the tragedy of the Tatars to impose on European viewers a false picture of alleged harassment of the Tatars in the Russian Crimea".[8][nb 2]

On 9 March 2016, a tweet from the European Broadcasting Union confirmed that neither the title nor the lyrics of the song contained "political speech" and therefore it did not breach any Eurovision rule, thus allowing it to remain in the competition.[21]

Eurovision Song Contest

The song won the 2016 Eurovision Song Contest, receiving a grand total of 534 points, officially surpassing the previous record set by Alexander Rybak with his song "Fairytale" in the 2009 Eurovision Song Contest, which won with 387 points.[2][nb 3]

The national juries voted the entry by Australia first with 320 points, and the televote voted the entry by Russia first with 361 points. The televoting result for Ukraine, of 323 points, however, was sufficient, when added to their jury score of 211 points, to put them in first place, with a grand total of 534 points, leaving Australia second and Russia third.

Critical reception

Prior to the Ukrainian national selection finals, "1944" received 8.33 out of 10 points from a jury of Eurovision blog Wiwibloggs,[22] the highest score among the six finalists in Ukraine.[23]

Track listing

Digital download[24]
No.TitleLength
1."1944"3:00
Digital download – EP
No.TitleLength
1."1944"3:00
2."Watch Over Me"5:47
3."Hate Love"3:46
4."I'm Like a Bird"3:33
5."Thank You"3:22
Total length:19:28

Charts

Chart (2016) Peak
position
Austria (Ö3 Austria Top 40)[25] 54
Belgium (Ultratip Flanders)[26] 13
Finnish Airplay (Radiosoittolista)[27] 64
France (SNEP)[28] 49
Hungary (Single Top 40)[29] 40
Russia (TopHit)[30] 135
Spain (PROMUSICAE)[31] 32
Sweden (Sverigetopplistan)[32] 46
Switzerland (Schweizer Hitparade)[33] 73

Release history

Region Date Format Label
Worldwide 12 February 2016[24] Digital download Enjoy Records

See also

Eurovision songs with political controversy

Notes

  1. ^ Crimea is currently de facto controlled by Russia, after a controversial Self-Determination referendum.[18]
  2. ^ Russian MP Vadim Dengin of the far-right LDPR believed the song's victory was fixed because "Most of the citizens of Ukraine who do not receive any salary or pensions have nothing to pay for electricity, and secondly, they do not care about this Eurovision".[20] He also expressed hope that the song would be banned from participation by Eurovision.[20]
  3. ^ Because of the new scoring system, however, with separate sets of televotes and jury votes, the results are not directly comparable with each other, as the number of points was limited to 492 in previous contest.

References

  1. ^ a b Omelyanchuk, Olena (21 February 2016). "Jamala will represent Ukraine in Stockholm!". eurovision.tv. European Broadcasting Union. Retrieved 21 February 2016.
  2. ^ a b "Ukraine wins 2016 Eurovision Song Contest". Eurovision Song Contest. Retrieved 14 May 2016.
  3. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wNECV2h-y58
  4. ^ a b Veselova, Viktoria; Melnykova, Oleksandra (11 February 2016). "Crimean singer in line to represent Ukraine at Eurovision". theguardian.com. The Guardian. Retrieved 11 February 2016.
  5. ^ Savage, Mark (22 February 2016). "Eurovision: Ukraine's entry aimed at Russia". BBC News. Retrieved 23 February 2016.
  6. ^ "Jamala entered Eurovision-2016 national selection". QHA.com.ua. 26 January 2016. Archived from the original on 2016-03-03. Retrieved 23 February 2016.
  7. ^ a b "Jamala leads after the first semifinal of the National Selection to the Eurovision 2016". The Day. 9 February 2016. Retrieved 23 February 2016.
  8. ^ a b Russia MPs slam Ukraine's choice of Crimean Tatar for Eurovision, Yahoo News (23 February 2016)
  9. ^ "A Eurovision win provides symbolic victory over Russian repression". The Economist. 28 May 2016. Retrieved 28 May 2016.
  10. ^ Halpin, Chris (8 February 2016). "1994 Lyrics – Jamala (Ukraine, Eurovision 2016)". Wiwibloggs. Retrieved 23 February 2016.
  11. ^ ""Հենց ինքնաթիռը վայրէջք կատարեց Հայաստանում՝ միանգամից զգացի, որ ես տանն եմ". Ջամալայի բացառիկ հարցազրույցը 168.am-ին". 168 Ժամ (in Armenian). Archived from the original on 2016-05-18. Retrieved 15 May 2016.
  12. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-03-20. Retrieved 2016-03-22.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  13. ^ Jiandani, Sanjay (Sergio) (19 September 2014). "Ukraine: NTU will not participate in Eurovision 2015". esctoday. Retrieved 6 May 2016.
  14. ^ Gallagher, Robyn (19 November 2015). "UKRAINE: STATE BROADCASTER TO COLLABORATE WITH STB FOR NATIONAL SELECTION 2016". Wiwibloggs. Retrieved 6 May 2016.
  15. ^ Omelyanchuk, Olena (6 February 2016). "Ukraine: Results of the first semi-final". eurovision.tv. European Broadcasting Union. Retrieved 6 February 2016.
  16. ^ "Детальні результати глядацького голосування «Євробачення-2016» (фiнал)" (in Ukrainian). STB. 21 February 2016. Retrieved 23 February 2016.
  17. ^ Jordan, Paul (25 January 2016). "Allocation Draw: The results!". eurovision.tv. European Broadcasting Union. Retrieved 25 January 2016.
  18. ^ Gutterman, Steve. "Putin signs Crimea treaty, will not seize other Ukraine regions". Reuters.com. Retrieved 2014-03-26.
  19. ^ a b Ukraine picks Crimean Tatar for Eurovision Archived 2016-03-03 at the Wayback Machine, Times Union (21 February 2014)
    Eurovision: Ukraine's entry aimed at Russia, BBC News (22 February 2016)
  20. ^ a b (in Ukrainian) In State Duma they want Jamal not to be allowed in Eurovision, Ukrayinska Pravda (22 February 2016)
  21. ^ "The Ref. Group concluded that the title & lyrics of the song don't contain political speech and don't breach @Eurovision Rules". European Broadcasting Union. 9 March 2016. Retrieved 9 March 2016.
  22. ^ "Wiwi Jury: Ukraine's Jamala with "1944"". Wiwibloggs. February 14, 2016. Retrieved 23 February 2016.
  23. ^ "Wiwi Jury Results: Jamala is our favorite to win in Ukraine". Wiwibloggs. February 21, 2016. Retrieved 24 February 2016.
  24. ^ a b "1944 – Single". itunes.com. Apple.
  25. ^ "Austriancharts.at – Jamala – 1944" (in German). Ö3 Austria Top 40. Retrieved 25 May 2016.
  26. ^ "Ultratop.be – Jamala – 1944" (in Dutch). Ultratip. Retrieved 4 June 2016.
  27. ^ "Jamala: 1944" (in Finnish). Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland. Retrieved 20 May 2016.
  28. ^ "Lescharts.com – Jamala – 1944" (in French). Les classement single. Retrieved 21 May 2016.
  29. ^ "Archívum – Slágerlisták – MAHASZ" (in Hungarian). Single (track) Top 40 lista. Magyar Hanglemezkiadók Szövetsége. Retrieved 27 May 2016.
  30. ^ TopHit Track Info – Jamala, "1944"
  31. ^ "Spanishcharts.com – Jamala – 1944" Canciones Top 50. Retrieved 30 May 2016.
  32. ^ "Swedishcharts.com – Jamala – 1944". Singles Top 100. Retrieved 20 May 2016.
  33. ^ "Swisscharts.com – Jamala – 1944". Swiss Singles Chart. Retrieved 23 May 2016.
  34. ^ "'Politics beat art': Russian officials bash Ukraine Eurovision win". Rappler. AFP. 16 May 2016. Retrieved 15 May 2016.

External links

  • "1944" - lyrics at eurovision.tv
1944 in the Soviet Union

The following lists events that happened during 1944 in the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.

Alberta (blues)

"Alberta" is the title of several traditional blues songs.

All My Life (Irving Berlin song)

"All My Life" is a 1944 song composed by Irving Berlin. Sarah Vaughan and Billy Eckstine recorded it for their album "'Sarah Vaughan and Billy Eckstine Sing the Best of Irving Berlin.

Baby, It's Cold Outside (Scandal)

"Baby, It's Cold Outside" is the 9th episode of the fifth season of the American political thriller television series Scandal. It takes its title from the 1944 song "Baby, It's Cold Outside" written by Frank Loesser.

It aired on November 19, 2015 on American Broadcasting Company (ABC) in the United States. The episode was written by Mark Wilding and directed by Tom Verica.

Candy (1944 song)

"Candy" is a popular song. The music was written by Alex Kramer, the lyrics by Mack David and Joan Whitney. It was published in 1944.

The recording by Johnny Mercer and the Pied Pipers, with Jo Stafford, was released by Capitol Records as catalog number 183. It first reached the Billboard magazine Best Seller chart on February 22, 1945 and lasted 15 weeks on the chart, peaking at #2. Mercer recalled that the song was ideal for his limited range for ballad singing.The recording by Dinah Shore was released by RCA Victor Records as catalog number 20-1632. It reached the Billboard magazine Best Seller chart on April 5, 1945 at No. 10, its only week on the chart.Big Maybelle's version of the song received the Grammy Hall of Fame Award in 1999 and went to No. 11 on the Billboard R&B chart in 1956.A notable jazz version was recorded by Lee Morgan as a teen-aged trumpet prodigy and heir apparent to the late Clifford Brown. The LP--entitled "Candy" and recorded for Blue Note Records on November 18, 1957--is regarded as a classic by many followers of the brilliant trumpeter, who released almost 40 albums prior to his death at the age of 33. "Candy" is unique since the title track along with six additional song selections feature Morgan, for the only time in his career, as the solo horn, unassisted by any front-line partner. The rhythm section that accompanies Morgan's horn comprises Sonny Clark on piano, Art Taylor on drums and Doug Watkins on bass.

Another instrumental version was recorded on March 21, 1962, for the LP There Is Nothing Like a Dame with Pete Candoli and Conte Candoli on trumpets, Shelly Manne on drums, Jimmy Rowles on piano, Howard Roberts on guitar and Gary Peacock on bass.

The jazz vocalist group The Manhattan Transfer included this song on their eponymous 1975 album The Manhattan Transfer. Repeated on The Manhattan Transfer Live (1978), The Best of The Manhattan Transfer (1981) and The Very Best of The Manhattan Transfer (1994).

Dream (1944 song)

"Dream", sometimes referred to as "Dream (When You're Feeling Blue)", is a jazz and pop standard with words and music written by Johnny Mercer in 1944. He originally wrote it as a theme for his radio program. It has been and performed by many artists, with the most popular versions of this song recorded by The Pied Pipers, Frank Sinatra, and Roy Orbison.

G.I. Jive

"G.I. Jive" is a 1944 song written and originally performed by Johnny Mercer. The single was a hit twice in 1944 by two different performers: Johnny Mercer hit number one on the Harlem Hit Parade for one week and peaked at number thirteen on the pop charts. Three months later, Louis Jordan, also made it to number one on both the Harlem Hit Parade and the pop chart with "G.I. Jive". The B-side to Jordan's version, "Is You Is or Is You Ain't My Baby", was also a successful release.

Mercer intended to write a song that the soldiers would like, and the song was the biggest hit of all the songs dealing with soldier life during World War II.Deana Martin recorded “G.I. Jive” on her 2013 album Destination Moon.

I'm Lost

"I'm Lost" is a song written by Otis René and recorded in 1944 by Benny Carter and His Orchestra. The single, with vocals by Dick Gray, went to number one on the Harlem Hit Parade and was his most successful of three entries on the Harlem Hit Parade list. Unlike his previous releases, "I'm Lost" did not cross over to the mainstream pop charts. The song was also a hit for the King Cole Trio, and has been recorded by Carmen McRae, among others.

I'm Making Believe

"I'm Making Believe" is a 1944 song composed by James V. Monaco with lyrics by Mack Gordon. The song first appeared in the film Sweet and Low-Down; the performance by Benny Goodman and His Orchestra was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Original Song. The version recorded by the Ink Spots and Ella Fitzgerald topped The Billboard's National Best Selling Retail Records chart for two weeks in 1944. Their version had sold over one million copies by the time of Fitzgerald's death in 1996.

I Didn't Know About You

"I Didn't Know About You" is a 1944 song composed by Duke Ellington, with lyrics written by Bob Russell.The recording by Count Basie & His Orchestra (vocal by Thelma Carpenter) briefly reached the No. 21 position in the Billboard charts in 1945 and other recordings available that year were by Duke Ellington, Mildred Bailey, Jo Stafford and Lena Horne.

I Fall in Love Too Easily

"I Fall in Love Too Easily" is a 1944 song composed by Jule Styne with lyrics by Sammy Cahn. It was introduced by Frank Sinatra in the 1945 film Anchors Aweigh. The film won an Academy Award for its music; "I Fall in Love Too Easily" was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Original Song, which it lost to Rodgers and Hammerstein's "It Might As Well Be Spring".

Sammy Cahn has said of the conception of the sixteen-bar song: "This song was written one night in Palm Springs. When I sang the last line, Jule Styne looked over at me and said, 'So. That's it.' I knew he felt we could have written on, but I felt I had said all there was to say, and if I had it to do over, I would stop right there again."

I Wonder (1944 song)

"I Wonder" is a 1944 song written and originally performed by Pvt. Cecil Gant. The original version was released on the Bronze label, before Gant re-recorded it for the Gilt-Edge label in Los Angeles. The record made it to number one on the Juke Box Race Records chart and was Pvt. Gant's most successful release. In February 1945, pianist, Roosevelt Sykes hit number one with his version of the song. Roosevelt Sykes version is notable in that it replaced Pvt. Gant's version, at number one on the Juke Box Race Records chart.

Into Each Life Some Rain Must Fall

"Into Each Life Some Rain Must Fall" is a 1944 song performed as a duet by The Ink Spots, featuring Bill Kenny, and Ella Fitzgerald. Their recording was made on August 30, 1944 for Decca Records (catalog No. 23356B). The song was written by Allan Roberts (lyrics) and Doris Fisher (melody). The successful single went to number one on both The Harlem Hit Parade and the pop chart. The B-side of the single entitled, "I'm Making Believe" also became a popular hit on both charts. The song has also been included in the soundtrack for several videogames.

The name of the song originates from a quotation of Henry Wadsworth Longfellow from the poem "Rainy Day".

No More (1944 song)

"No More" is a song with music by Toots Camarata (also known as Tutti Camarata) and words by Bob Russell. It's usually mentioned in connection with Billie Holiday, who recorded it on October 4, 1944.

According to one source, Holiday would refer to "No More" as one of her favorite songs.

The Boy from Stalingrad

The Boy from Stalingrad is a 1943 American film.

The plot centers on Russian youths in the path of the German army's assault on Stalingrad, who are forced to band together and rely on themselves to survive. They set fire to the grain harvest, rescue and care for other abandoned children, sabotage a tank, and fight back against the Nazis as best they can.

The actual Battle of Stalingrad ended at the beginning of February 1943. This pro-Soviet film belongs in the same class as the better-known 1943 Mission to Moscow from Warners', RKO's 1943 The North Star, and MGM's 1944 Song of Russia. They were all pieces of wartime propaganda, officially approved and encouraged by the U.S. government, which wanted to keep the alliance with the Soviets strong. The films would prove painfully embarrassing to their producers just a few years later, when the U.S. went back to treating the Soviet Union as an adversary.

Till Then

"Till Then" is a popular song written by Eddie Seiler, Sol Marcus, and Guy Wood and published in 1944.

The song was a plea (presumably by a soldier off to fight the war) to his sweetheart to wait for him until he could get back home. Like many war-themed songs, it enjoyed great popularity when it came out in 1944, and versions by The Mills Brothers and the Les Brown orchestra dominated the charts. The recording by The Mills Brothers was released by Decca Records as catalog number 18599. It first reached the Billboard magazine Best Seller chart on September 21, 1944, and lasted three weeks on the chart, peaking at No. 8 (a two-sided hit, backed by "You Always Hurt the One You Love"). It also topped the R&B charts.

Ten years later, the song once more became quite popular. Both a doo-wop version by Sonny Til & The Orioles and a traditional pop version by The Hilltoppers charted that year. The recording by The Hilltoppers was released by Dot Records as catalog number 15132. It first reached the Billboard Best Seller chart on January 23, 1954, and spent 11 weeks on the chart, peaking at No. 10.The song has continued to be popular, with versions recorded in later years by such as Sammy Davis Jr., James Brown, and Al Martino. A 1963 version by The Classics reached No. 20 on the chart.

The Mills Brothers' version of the song was featured on an episode of the TV show The Others entitled "Till Then" (April 29, 2000, Season 1 – Episode 10).

The Mills Brothers' recording of the song can be heard in Millennium episode "Matryoshka", which starred Lance Henriksen and first aired on 19 February 1999.

The song has recently been covered by the Missouri band The Cotton Mollies.

Too Late to Worry, Too Blue to Cry (song)

"Too Late to Worry, Too Blue to Cry" is a 1944 song by Al Dexter. The song is the B-side to "So Long Pal" and went to number one on the Folk Juke Box charts for two weeks and stayed on the charts for a total of thirty weeks.

We Don't Know Where We're Going

"We Don't Know Where We're Going (Until We're There!)" is a popular song written by British composer Noel Gay and lyricist Ralph Butler, and published in 1944.

It was introduced by Tommy Handley on the BBC radio show ITMA, and became popular among evacuees. The song was later used to great effect during war scenes in the 1975 movie Overlord.

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