The 1943 World Series matched the defending champion St. Louis Cardinals against the New York Yankees, in a rematch of the 1942 Series. The Yankees won the Series in five games for their tenth championship in 21 seasons. It was Yankees manager Joe McCarthy's final Series win. This series was also the first to have an accompanying World Series highlight film (initially, the films were created as gifts to troops fighting in World War II, to give them a brief recap of baseball action back home), a tradition that still persists.
This World Series was scheduled for a 3–4 format because of wartime travel restrictions. The 3–4 format meant there was only one trip between ballparks, but if the Series had ended in a four-game sweep, there would have been three games played in one park and only one in the other.
Because of World War II, both teams' rosters were depleted. Johnny Beazley, Jimmy Brown, Creepy Crespi, Terry Moore and Enos Slaughter were no longer on the Cardinals' roster. Joe DiMaggio, Phil Rizzuto, Red Ruffing and Buddy Hassett were missing from the Yankees, and Red Rolfe had retired to coach at Dartmouth College.
|1943 World Series|
|Umpires||Eddie Rommel (AL), Beans Reardon (NL), Joe Rue (AL), Bill Stewart (NL)|
|Hall of Famers||Yankees: Joe McCarthy (mgr.), Bill Dickey, Joe DiMaggio (mil.), Joe Gordon, Phil Rizzuto (mil.), Red Ruffing (mil.)|
Cardinals: Billy Southworth (mgr.), Enos Slaughter (mil.), Stan Musial
|Radio announcers||Red Barber and Bob Elson|
|1||October 5||St. Louis Cardinals – 2, New York Yankees – 4||Yankee Stadium||2:07||68,676|
|2||October 6||St. Louis Cardinals – 4, New York Yankees – 3||Yankee Stadium||2:08||68,578|
|3||October 7||St. Louis Cardinals – 2, New York Yankees – 6||Yankee Stadium||2:10||69,990|
|4||October 10||New York Yankees – 2, St. Louis Cardinals – 1||Sportsman's Park||2:06||36,196|
|5||October 11||New York Yankees – 2, St. Louis Cardinals – 0||Sportsman's Park||2:24||33,872|
|WP: Spud Chandler (1–0) LP: Max Lanier (0–1)|
NYY: Joe Gordon (1)
In Game 1, the Cardinals went up 1–0 in the second against Spud Chandler on Marty Marion's RBI double with two on. In the fourth with runners on first and third and no outs off of Max Lanier, Charlie Keller's double-play tied the game, then Joe Gordon's home run put the Yankees up 2–1. The Cardinals tied the game in the fifth when Ray Sanders hit a leadoff single, moved to second on an error and scored on Lanier's single. In the sixth after two leadoff singles, a one-out wild pitch by Lanier put the Yankees up 3–2, then Bill Dickey added an insurance run with an RBI single. Chandler pitched a complete game to give the Yankees a 1–0 series lead.
|WP: Mort Cooper (1–0) LP: Tiny Bonham (0–1)|
STL: Marty Marion (1), Ray Sanders (1)
The Cardinals' only victory came the same day as the death of Mort and Walker Cooper's father, Robert. Marty Marion's leadoff home run in the third off of Tiny Bonham put the Cardinals up 1–0. In the fourth, Stan Musial hit a leadoff single, moved to second on a groundout and scored on Whitey Kurowski's RBI single. Ray Sanders's two-run home run then made it 4–0 Cardinals. In the bottom of the inning, Charlie Keller's sacrifice fly with two on off of Mort Cooper put the Yankees on the board. In the ninth, Billy Johnson hit a leadoff double, then scored on Cooper's triple. After a line-out, Nick Etten's RBI groundout cut the Cardinals' lead to one, but Cooper got Joe Gordon to pop out in foul territory to end the game and tie the series 1–1.
|WP: Hank Borowy (1–0) LP: Al Brazle (0–1) Sv: Johnny Murphy (1)|
The Cardinals loaded the bases in the fourth on a single, double and intentional walk off of Hank Borowy before Danny Litwhiler drove in two with a single to left, but Borowy allowed no other runs in eight innings. In the sixth, Borowy hit a leadoff double off of Al Brazle, moved to third on a sacrifice fly, and scored on an error on Billy Johnson's groundball. In the eighth, the Yankees loaded the bases on a single, fielder's choice and intentional walk before Johnson cleared them with a triple, putting the Yankees up 4–2. They added to their lead on RBI singles by Joe Gordon off of Howie Krist and Nick Etten off of Harry Brecheen. Johnny Murphy pitched a perfect ninth as the Yankees went up 2–1 in the series.
|WP: Marius Russo (1–0) LP: Harry Brecheen (0–1)|
In Game 4, the Yankees struck first when Joe Gordon doubled with two outs in the fourth off of Max Lanier and scored on Bill Dickey's single. In the seventh, Marius Russo got two outs, then allowed the Cardinals to load the bases on an error, double and intentional walk before another error on Frank Demaree's groundball tied the game. In the eighth, Russo hit a leadoff double off of Harry Brecheen, moved to third on a sacrifice bunt and scored on Frankie Crosetti's sacrifice fly. Russo pitched a complete game to leave the Yankees one win away from the championship.
|WP: Spud Chandler (2–0) LP: Mort Cooper (1–1)|
NYY: Bill Dickey (1)
Murry Dickson, who helped close the door for the Cardinals by allowing no hits while on the mound, was on a ten-day pass from the United States Army. Spud Chandler won his second complete game of the series, shutting out the Cardinals despite giving up 10 hits and 2 walks. Bill Dickey provided the game's only runs on a home run in the sixth after a two-out walk off of Mort Cooper.
|New York Yankees||0||0||0||4||0||5||0||6||2||17||35||5|
|St. Louis Cardinals||0||1||1||5||1||0||1||0||0||9||37||10|
|Total attendance: 277,312 Average attendance: 55,462|
Winning player's share: $6,139 Losing player's share: $4,322
The 1943 New York Yankees season was the team's 41st season in New York, and its 43rd season overall. The team finished with a record of 98–56, winning their 14th pennant, finishing 13.5 games ahead of the Washington Senators. Managed by Joe McCarthy, the Yankees played at Yankee Stadium. In the World Series, they defeated the St. Louis Cardinals in 5 games.1943 St. Louis Cardinals season
The 1943 St. Louis Cardinals season was the team's 62nd season in St. Louis, Missouri and the 52nd season in the National League. The Cardinals went 105–49 during the season and finished 1st in the National League. In the World Series, they met the New York Yankees. They lost the series in 5 games.1944 World Series
The 1944 World Series was an all-St. Louis World Series, matching the St. Louis Cardinals and St. Louis Browns at Sportsman's Park. It marked the third and final time in World Series history in which both teams had the same home field (the other two being the 1921 and 1922 World Series in the Polo Grounds in New York City).
1944 saw perhaps the nadir of 20th-century baseball, as the long-moribund St. Louis Browns won their only American League pennant. The pool of talent was depleted by the draft to the point that in 1945 (but not 1944), as the military scraped deeper and deeper into the ranks of the possibly eligible, the Browns actually used a one-armed player, Pete Gray. Some of the players were 4-Fs, rejected by the military due to physical defects or limitations that precluded duty. Others divided their time between factory work in defense industries and baseball, some being able to play ball only on weekends. Some players avoided the draft by chance, despite being physically able to serve. Stan Musial of the Cardinals was one. Musial, enlisting in early 1945, missed one season. He rejoined the Cardinals in 1946.
As both teams called Sportsman's Park home, the traditional 2–3–2 home field assignment was used (instead of the wartime 3–4). The Junior World Series of that same year, partly hosted in Baltimore's converted football stadium, easily outdrew the "real" Series and attracted attention to Baltimore as a potential major league city. Ten years later, the Browns transferred there and became the Orioles. Another all-Missouri World Series was played 41 years later, with the Kansas City Royals defeating the Cardinals in seven games.
The Series was also known as the "Trolley Series", "Streetcar Series", or the "St. Louis Showdown." Coincidentally, this World Series was played the same year Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer released the musical film Meet Me in St. Louis. It remains one of two World Series played that featured two teams from the same city other than New York; the other was the 1906 World Series between the two Chicago teams. The 1989 World Series featured two teams from the San Francisco metropolitan area, but not the same city.
This is the only world series to date to not have either team credited with a stolen base.Al Brazle
Alpha Eugene Brazle (October 19, 1913 – October 24, 1973) was a Major League Baseball pitcher. The left-hander was signed by the Boston Red Sox as an amateur free agent in 1936, and later traded to the St. Louis Cardinals for pitcher Mike Ryba in September, 1940. He played his entire MLB career for the Cards (1943, 1946–1954). In 1954, at the age of 40, he was the oldest player to appear in a National League game that season.
After the 1954 season was over, Brazle was signed by the Chicago White Sox. He was subsequently released by Chicago without playing a regular season game for the team.
Brazle played 7½ years in the minor leagues before he became a 29-year-old Cardinal rookie. He completed 47 of 117 starts, with 7 shutouts, and twice led the National League in saves (1952 and 1953).
Brazle finished in the league's top ten in a dozen pitching categories, including games pitched (7 times), saves (6 times), games finished (5 times), winning percentage (4 times), and earned run average (3 times).
His career totals include a record of 97–64 (.602), 441 games, 60 saves, 178 games finished, 1376.2 innings pitched, 554 strikeouts, and a 3.31 ERA. He was a member of two pennant-winning clubs, losing in the 1943 World Series to the New York Yankees, and winning the 1946 World Series against the Boston Red Sox.
Brazle died at the age of 60 in Grand Junction, Colorado.Al Smith (left-handed pitcher)
Alfred John Smith (October 12, 1907 – April 28, 1977) was an American professional baseball player, a left-handed pitcher for the New York Giants (1934–37), Philadelphia Phillies (1938–39) and Cleveland Indians (1940–45) of Major League Baseball.Bill Dickey
William Malcolm Dickey (June 6, 1907 – November 12, 1993) was an American professional baseball catcher and manager. He played in Major League Baseball for the New York Yankees for 19 seasons. Dickey managed the Yankees as a player-manager in 1946 in his last season as a player.
Dickey played for the Yankees from 1928 through 1943. After serving in the United States Navy during World War II, Dickey returned to the Yankees in 1946 as a player and manager. He retired after the 1946 season, but returned in 1949 as a coach, where he taught Yogi Berra the finer points of catching.
During Dickey's playing career, the Yankees went to the World Series nine times, winning eight championships. He was named to 11 All-Star Games. As a manager and coach, the Yankees won another six World Series titles. Dickey was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1954.Bob Elson
Robert A. Elson (March 22, 1904 – March 10, 1981) was a pioneering American sportscaster.Bud Metheny
Arthur Beauregard “Bud” Metheny (June 1, 1915 – January 2, 2003) was an American baseball player and coach. He played professional baseball for the New York Yankees (1943–46) and served Old Dominion University for 32 years as head baseball coach, head basketball coach and athletic director.
Metheny was a graduate of the College of William and Mary where he played college baseball. He was also a brother of Phi Kappa Tau.
During his four-year career with Yankees, he played for the Yankees in the second and last games of the 1943 World Series as the Yankees defeated the St. Louis Cardinals and he played with such great players as DiMaggio, Rizzuto and Dickey. In the minors before joining the Yankees, Metheny won pennants with Norfolk and the Kansas City Blues, as well as the Little World Series with the Newark Bears.
Metheny joined the Old Dominion athletic staff in 1948 as head baseball coach, compiling a 423–363–6 record before retiring in 1980. He was honored by the NCAA as the Eastern Regional Coach of the Year in 1963 and 1964, a period when his Monarchs captured college division crowns. He was named National Coach of the Year in 1964, and in 1980, his final season as the Monarchs head coach, ODU captured the Virginia State Championship.
Metheny served as head basketball coach from 1948–65, compiling a 198-163 record and posting 16 winning seasons. His 198 wins were ultimately surpassed by Blaine Taylor on January 5, 2011. He also served as athletic director from 1963–1970.
In 1984, to honor Metheny and his days with the Yankees, ODU adopted the Yankee uniform look of the distinctive blue pinstripes.
Metheny was enshrined in the College Baseball Coaches Hall of Fame in Dallas in 1983. He was a member of the College Baseball Coaches Hall of Fame, Old Dominion Hall of Fame, Virginia Sports Hall of Fame, William & Mary Hall of Fame and the Tidewater Baseball Hall of Fame.
The Old Dominion baseball stadium, which opened in 1983, is named in Metheny's honor.Deaths in March 2005
The following is a list of notable people who died in March 2005.
Entries for each day are listed alphabetically by surname. A typical entry lists information in the following sequence:
Name, age, country of citizenship at birth, subsequent country of citizenship (if applicable), reason for notability, cause of death (if known), and reference.Debs Garms
Debs C. Garms (June 26, 1907 – December 16, 1984) was a professional baseball player for 12 seasons as an outfielder and third baseman for the St. Louis Browns, Boston Braves, Pittsburgh Pirates, and St. Louis Cardinals. Garms broke up Johnny Vander Meer's streak of hitless innings in 1938. He won the National League batting title in 1940, hitting .355 for the Pirates despite having played in only 103 games and garnering 358 at bats. Garms' batting title proved very controversial because of his limited playing time. In 1941, he set a then-major league record for consecutive pinch hits with seven, which stood until Dave Philley broke it in 1958.Joe Rue
Joseph William Rue (June 14, 1898 – December 1, 1984) was a professional baseball umpire who worked in the American League from 1938 to 1947. Rue umpired 1,519 major league games in his 10-year career. He also umpired in the 1943 World Series and All-Star Game.Johnny Lindell
John Harlan Lindell (August 30, 1916 – August 27, 1985) was an American professional baseball player who was an outfielder and pitcher in Major League Baseball from 1941 to 1950 and from 1953 to 1954 for the New York Yankees, St. Louis Cardinals, Philadelphia Phillies and Pittsburgh Pirates. Lindell stood 6 feet 4 inches (1.93 m) tall and weighed 217 pounds (98 kg); he threw and batted right-handed.List of World Series champions
The World Series is the annual championship series of Major League Baseball (MLB) and concludes the MLB postseason. First played in 1903, the World Series championship is determined through a best-of-seven playoff and is a contest between the champions of baseball's National League (NL) and American League (AL). Often referred to as the "Fall Classic", the modern World Series has been played every year since 1903 with two exceptions: in 1904, when the NL champion New York Giants declined to play the AL champion Boston Americans; and in 1994, when the series was canceled due to the players' strike.The best-of-seven style has been the format of all World Series except in 1903, 1919, 1920, and 1921, when the winner was determined through a best-of-nine playoff. Although the large majority of contests have been played entirely during the month of October, a small number of Series have also had games played during September and November. The Series-winning team is awarded the Commissioner's Trophy. Players, coaches and others associated with the team are generally given World Series rings to commemorate their victory; however, they have received other items such as pocket watches and medallions in the past. The winning team is traditionally invited to the White House to meet the President of the United States.
A total of 114 Series have been contested, with the NL champion winning 48 and the AL champion winning 66. The New York Yankees of the AL have played in 40 World Series through 2018—winning 27—the most Series appearances and most victories of any Major League Baseball franchise. The Los Angeles Dodgers of the NL have the most losses with 14. The St. Louis Cardinals have represented the NL 19 times, and won 11 championships, second-most among all teams and most among NL clubs. Both the Giants and the Los Angeles Dodgers have appeared in more World Series, with 20 each.
The Seattle Mariners and the Washington Nationals (formerly Montreal Expos) are the only current Major League Baseball franchises to have never appeared in a World Series; the San Diego Padres, Colorado Rockies, Texas Rangers (formerly the 1961–1971 version of the Washington Senators), Tampa Bay Rays, and Milwaukee Brewers (formerly Seattle Pilots) have all played in the Series but have never won. The Toronto Blue Jays are the only franchise from outside the United States to appear in a World Series, winning in 1992 and 1993. The Houston Astros have represented both the NL (2005) and the AL (2017), winning the Series in 2017. The current World Series champions are the Boston Red Sox.Marius Russo
Marius Ugo Russo (July 19, 1914 – March 26, 2005) was a starting pitcher in Major League Baseball who played for the New York Yankees (1939–43, 1946). Russo batted right-handed and threw left-handed.Marty Marion
Martin Whiteford "Mr. Shortstop" Marion (December 1, 1917 – March 15, 2011) was an American Major League Baseball shortstop and manager. Marion played for the St. Louis Cardinals and the St. Louis Browns between 1940 and 1953. He later became the manager of the Chicago White Sox.Ray Sanders
Raymond Floyd Sanders (December 4, 1916 – October 28, 1983) was a professional baseball player. Primarily a first baseman, he played all or part of six seasons in Major League Baseball between 1942 and 1949.Roy Weatherly
Cyril Roy Weatherly (February 25, 1915 – January 19, 1991), nicknamed "Stormy", was an American professional baseball player whose career extended for two decades (1934–1943; 1946–1954; 1958). The native of Tyler County, Texas, an outfielder, appeared in 811 Major League games over ten seasons for the Cleveland Indians, New York Yankees and New York Giants. Weatherly batted left-handed and threw right-handed. Despite his relatively small size — he stood 5 ft 6½ in (1.69 m) tall and weighed 173 pounds (78 kg) — he hit more than 100 home runs in minor league baseball.
As a Major Leaguer, Weatherly collected 794 hits, with 152 doubles, 44 triples, and 43 home runs. His finest season was 1940, when he batted .303 with career highs in runs scored, hits, doubles, triples, home runs, and runs batted in for the contending Indians, finishing eleventh in the American League Most Valuable Player voting. Traded to the Yankees after the 1942 season, he appeared in one game as a pinch hitter during the 1943 World Series, popping out in the eighth inning of Game 2 against Mort Cooper of the St. Louis Cardinals. Although the Yankees lost that game, that was the only contest they would drop as they won the Series in five games.
Weatherly missed the 1944 and 1945 seasons while serving in the United States Army during World War II.Tuck Stainback
George Tucker Stainback (August 4, 1911 – November 29, 1992) was an American professional baseball outfielder. He played in Major League Baseball (MLB) for 13 seasons with the Chicago Cubs (1934–1937), St. Louis Cardinals (1938), Philadelphia Phillies (1938), Brooklyn Dodgers (1938–1939), Detroit Tigers (1940–1941), New York Yankees (1942–1945), and Philadelphia Athletics (1946).Ziggy Sears
John William "Ziggy" Sears (January 10, 1892 – December 16, 1956) was a professional baseball umpire who worked in the National League from 1934 to 1945. Sears umpired 1,647 major league games in his 12-year career. He umpired in two World Series (1938 and 1944) and two All-Star Games (1935 and 1944). He also was a minor league baseball outfielder for 15 seasons between 1912 and 1928.
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New York Yankees 1943 World Series champions