1937–38 NHL season

The 1937–38 NHL season was the 21st season of the National Hockey League (NHL). Eight teams each played 48 games. The Chicago Black Hawks were the Stanley Cup winners as they beat the Toronto Maple Leafs three games to one in the final series.

1937–38 NHL season
LeagueNational Hockey League
SportIce hockey
DurationNovember 4, 1937 – April 12, 1938
Number of games48
Number of teams8
Regular season
Season championsBoston Bruins
Season MVPEddie Shore (Bruins)
Top scorerGordie Drillon (Maple Leafs)
Canadian Division championsToronto Maple Leafs
American Division championsBoston Bruins
Stanley Cup
ChampionsChicago Black Hawks
  Runners-upToronto Maple Leafs

League business

Bill Dwyer could not come up with the capital required to retain his team and the NHL took full control of the New York Americans.

The Howie Morenz Memorial Game, the NHL's second all-star game, was played November 2, 1937, and raised over $11,447, which, added to other contributions, established a fund of over $20,000 for the Morenz family. Prior to the start of the game, Howie Morenz's uniform and playing kit was auctioned and Joseph Cattarinich put down the winning bid of $500. The uniform was presented to Howie Morenz Jr. The NHL All-stars defeated a combined team of Canadiens and Maroons players 6–5.

Rule changes

In September 1937, the NHL passed the 'icing' rule whereby teams could no longer shoot the puck the length of the ice to delay the game. Teams were allowed to continue to 'ice' the puck during penalties.[1] The penalty shot was amended to remove the dots where the shot was to take place. Two new lines 30 feet from the goal were added instead. A player taking a penalty shot would start from the line closest to his own goal, skate with the puck and shoot before he crossed the penalty line nearest the opposition goal. After a puck was shot out-of-bounds, the location of the following faceoff was now to occur at the point where the shot was made, instead of where it exited the rink as was done until that time.[2]

Regular season

Charlie Conacher was named captain of the Toronto Maple Leafs, and he had a big weekend at the expense of Chicago November 13 with a hat trick in a 7–3 win. He then scored 2 goals in a 3–3 tie. However, The Big Bomber ran into misfortune once more on November 18 in Montreal against the Canadiens when he dislocated his shoulder. The cycle of injuries had a cumulative effect on Conacher's nervous and physical condition and his doctor told him to retire from hockey. He did retire for the rest of the season, but would play again the next season, but was forever gone from the Leafs.

The New York Rangers lost their star center Neil Colville for a few games as the result of some horseplay that must have infuriated Lester Patrick. Defenceman Joe Cooper was pursuing a fad of slicing off neckties from teammates using a penknife. Colville threw up his hand only to receive a gash that required 11 stitches to close.

The New York Americans, with Ching Johnson and Hap Day to relieve Joe Jerwa and Al Murray on defence, were doing much better than usual. Earl Robertson, their new goaltender, was leading the Canadian Division in goaltending and ended up doing so at season's end. The Amerks also had Sweeney Schriner and Nels Stewart contributing in a nice way to the offence.

The Montreal Maroons, coached at first by King Clancy, settled into last place and president and general manager Tommy Gorman decided he would take over as coach. He did even worse and the fans stayed away. Although the team did badly, one highlight was an 11–7 win over their rivals, the Canadiens, and Baldy Northcott had a hat trick in the game. There seemed to be nothing Gorman could do to revitalize the team and at one stretch the team lost 8 straight games. On March 17, 1938, the Maroons played their last game against their rivals, the Canadiens.

Detroit was the shockingly bad team of the American Division. After winning the Stanley Cup in 1937, they were reclining in the cellar of the Division. They had one bright moment when Carl Liscombe set a record for the fastest hat trick to this time (since broken by Bill Mosienko). Liscombe scored three goals in 1 minute and 52 seconds in a 5–1 win over Chicago.

On March 17, 1938, Nels Stewart scored his 300th National Hockey League goal in a 5–3 loss to the Rangers.

Final standings

Canadian Division
GP W L T Pts GF GA PIM
Toronto Maple Leafs 48 24 15 9 57 151 127 404
New York Americans 48 19 18 11 49 110 111 327
Montreal Canadiens 48 18 17 13 49 123 128 340
Montreal Maroons 48 12 30 6 30 101 149 470
American Division
GP W L T Pts GF GA PIM
Boston Bruins 48 30 11 7 67 142 89 284
New York Rangers 48 27 15 6 60 149 96 435
Chicago Black Hawks 48 14 25 9 37 97 139 238
Detroit Red Wings 48 12 25 11 35 99 133 258

Note: GP = Games played, W = Wins, L = Losses, T = Ties, Pts = Points, GF = Goals for, GA = Goals against, PIM = Penalties in minutes
       Teams that qualified for the playoffs are highlighted in bold.

Playoffs

The Cinderella story of the century was the Chicago Black Hawks who would barely make the playoffs but proceeded to defeat the Canadiens, the Americans and the Maple Leafs to win the Cup with the lowest regular-season winning percentage of any champions in the four major professional sports leagues of North America.

Playoff bracket

  Quarterfinals Semifinals Stanley Cup Finals
                           
     
  C1 Toronto 3  
    A1 Boston 0  
   
       
    C1 Toronto 1
  A3 Chicago 3
  C2 NY Americans 2  
A2 NY Rangers 1  
C2 NY Americans 1
    A3 Chicago 2  
C3 Mtl Canadiens 1
  A3 Chicago 2  

Quarterfinals

The New York Americans stunned the New York Rangers as Lorne Carr scored the winner in overtime in the third and deciding game.

New York Americans won series 2–1


The Canadiens beat the Hawks in game one of the quarterfinal, as Toe Blake had the hat trick. But Mike Karakas shut out the Canadiens in the second game and even though Georges Mantha appeared to win the game with a freak goal in game three, Earl Seibert kept the Hawks from losing with a goal late in the game, and then the Hawks won the series in overtime.

Chicago won series 2–1

Semifinals

In an upset, the Toronto Maple Leafs beat Boston in the Series A semifinal.

Toronto won series 3–0


In the Series B semifinal, it was Chicago and the New York Americans, who beat Chicago in game one 3–1. Game two was a great goaltenders battle between Mike Karakas and Earl Robertson. It appeared that the Americans were headed to their first Stanley Cup final when Nels Stewart scored with seconds left in the game, but referee Clarence Campbell disallowed the goal, saying Eddie Wiseman was in the goal crease. Cully Dahlstrom scored the goal that saved the Black Hawks. In New York, the deciding game saw Alex Levinsky of Chicago score the go-ahead goal, but the red light did not go on. Investigation revealed that fans were holding the goal judge's hand so he could not signal the goal. Although the Amerks came close, they were unable to tie the score and the Black Hawks were in the finals.

Chicago won series 2–1

Stanley Cup Finals

Chicago won series 3–1

European tour

After the Stanley Cup final finished, the Detroit Red Wings and the Montreal Canadiens played a nine-game exhibition series in Europe, becoming the first NHL teams to play outside North America. Six games were played in England, three in France. The Canadiens won the series with a record of 5–3–1.

Awards

Trophy winners
Calder Trophy:
(Best first-year player)
Cully Dahlstrom, Chicago Black Hawks
Hart Trophy:
(Most valuable player)
Eddie Shore, Boston Bruins
Lady Byng Trophy:
(Excellence and sportsmanship)
Gordie Drillon, Toronto Maple Leafs
O'Brien Cup:
(Canadian Division champion)
Toronto Maple Leafs
Prince of Wales Trophy:
(American Division champion)
Boston Bruins
Vezina Trophy:
(Fewest goals allowed)
Tiny Thompson, Boston Bruins
All-Star teams
First Team   Position   Second Team
Tiny Thompson, Boston Bruins G Dave Kerr, New York Rangers
Eddie Shore, Boston Bruins D Art Coulter, New York Rangers
Babe Siebert, Montreal Canadiens D Earl Seibert, Chicago Black Hawks
Bill Cowley, Boston Bruins C Syl Apps, Toronto Maple Leafs
Cecil Dillon, New York Rangers

Gordie Drillon, Toronto Maple Leafs (tie)

RW
Paul Thompson, Chicago Black Hawks LW Toe Blake, Montreal Canadiens
Lester Patrick, New York Rangers Coach Art Ross, Boston Bruins

Player statistics

Scoring leaders

Note: GP = Games played, G = Goals, A = Assists, PTS = Points, PIM = Penalties in minutes

PLAYER TEAM GP G A PTS PIM
Gordie Drillon Toronto Maple Leafs 48 26 26 52 4
Syl Apps Toronto Maple Leafs 47 21 29 50 9
Paul Thompson Chicago Black Hawks 48 22 22 44 14
Georges Mantha Montreal Canadiens 47 23 19 42 12
Cecil Dillon New York Rangers 48 21 18 39 6
Bill Cowley Boston Bruins 48 17 22 39 8
Sweeney Schriner New York Americans 48 21 17 38 22
Bill Thoms Toronto Maple Leafs 48 14 24 38 14
Clint Smith New York Rangers 48 14 23 37 0
Nels Stewart New York Americans 48 19 17 36 29

Source: NHL[3]

Leading goaltenders

Coaches

American Division

Canadian Division

Debuts

The following is a list of players of note who played their first NHL game in 1937–38 (listed with their first team, asterisk(*) marks debut in playoffs):

Last games

The following is a list of players of note that played their last game in the NHL in 1937–38 (listed with their last team):

See also

References

  • Diamond, Dan, ed. (2000). Total Hockey. Total Sports. ISBN 1-892129-85-X.
  • Dinger, Ralph, ed. (2011). The National Hockey League Official Guide & Record Book 2012. Dan Diamond & Associates. ISBN 978-1-894801-22-5.
  • Dryden, Steve, ed. (2000). Century of hockey. Toronto, ON: McClelland & Stewart Ltd. ISBN 0-7710-4179-9.
  • Duplacey, James (1996). The annotated rules of hockey. New York, NY: Lyons & Burford. ISBN 1-55821-466-6.
  • Fischler, Stan; Fischler, Shirley; Hughes, Morgan; Romain, Joseph; Duplacey, James (2003). The Hockey Chronicle: Year-by-Year History of the National Hockey League. Publications International Inc. ISBN 0-7853-9624-1.
  • McFarlane, Brian (1973). The Story of the National Hockey League. New York, NY: Pagurian Press. ISBN 0-684-13424-1.
Notes
  1. ^ Duplacey 1996, p. 130.
  2. ^ "Signing of Clancy to Coach Maroons Features Meeting". Montreal Gazette. September 25, 1937. p. 16.
  3. ^ Dinger 2011, p. 147.

External links

1937–38 Boston Bruins season

The 1937–38 Boston Bruins season was the Bruins' 14th season in the NHL.

1937–38 Chicago Black Hawks season

The 1937–38 Chicago Black Hawks season was the team's 12th season in the NHL, and they were coming off a horrible season in 1936–37, in which the club failed to qualify for the playoffs. In the off-season, the team would replace head coach Clem Loughlin with Bill Stewart. The Black Hawks would struggle again in 1937–38, finishing with 37 points with a 14–25–9 record, but managed to earn a playoff spot by finishing 2 points ahead of the Detroit Red Wings and clinch 3rd place in the American Division. They would score an NHL low 97 goals, while giving up the 2nd most goals in the league at 139. The Hawks were a .500 team at home with a 10–10–4 record, but would only have a record of 4–15–5 on the road.

Paul Thompson would lead the Hawks offensively, setting a club record with 44 points, along with a club high 22 goals, and tying Doc Romnes for the team lead with 22 assists. Johnny Gottselig would have another solid season, earning 32 points, tying Romnes for 2nd on the team scoring list. Earl Seibert would lead the defense with 21 points, and had a club high 38 penalty minutes.

In goal, Mike Karakas would win 14 games, earn a shutout and post a 2.80 GAA.

In the playoffs, the Black Hawks would face the Montreal Canadiens in the 1st round in a best-of-three series. The underdog Hawks would surprise Montreal, winning the best-of three series in the full three games, clinching the series with a 3–2 OT victory at the Montreal Forum. After losing Game One to Montreal, the Hawks were less than 90 seconds away from being eliminated in the quarterfinals, but managed to tie Game Two late in the third period. Chicago won the crucial game in overtime. Next up would be the New York Americans, who finished 2nd in the Canadian Division, and had 12 more points than the Hawks in the regular season. In a best-of-three semifinal series, the Black Hawks again lost the first game of the series and were on the verge of elimination in Game Two but won it in overtime. The Black Hawks would stun the favored Americans, winning the Game Three to win the series 2–1 and advance to the Stanley Cup Finals. The Hawks opponent would be the Toronto Maple Leafs, who had just swept the best team in the regular season, the Boston Bruins, in a best-of-five semifinal series featuring the champions of the NHL's two divisions

Due to an injury to goaltender Mike Karakas, the Black Hawks would get permission by the Leafs to use goaltender Alfie Moore, who spent the season with the Pittsburgh Hornets of the IAHL in the first game, and he responded by helping the Black Hawks win the game 3–1. In the 2nd game, Karakas was still unavailable, and Chicago would call up Paul Goodman from the Wichita Skyhawks of the AHA. The Maple Leafs would even up the series with a 5–1 victory. The Black Hawks would get Karakas back into the lineup for the 3rd game, and he helped the Hawks to a 2–1 victory. Chicago would then wrap up the series in the 4th game, winning by a score of 4–1 to earn its 2nd Stanley Cup in team history, shocking the hockey world.

1937–38 Detroit Red Wings season

The 1937–38 Detroit Red Wings season was the 12th season for the Detroit NHL franchise, sixth as the Red Wings. The Wings finished last in the American Division and missed the playoffs.

1937–38 Montreal Canadiens season

The 1937–38 Montreal Canadiens season was the team's 29th season of play. The Canadiens placed third in the Canadian Division and qualified for the playoffs. Montreal met and lost to the eventual Stanley Cup champion Chicago Black Hawks in the quarter-finals.

1937–38 Montreal Maroons season

The 1937–38 Montreal Maroons season was the 14th and last season of the Montreal Maroons. The team finished in last place in the Canadian Division. The team and franchise was dissolved after the season.

1937–38 New York Americans season

The 1937–38 New York Americans season was the Americans' 13th season of play.

1937–38 New York Rangers season

The 1937–38 New York Rangers season was the 12th season for the team in the National Hockey League (NHL). New York finished second in the American Division in regular season with a record of 27–15–6, and qualified for the playoffs. In the league semi-finals, the Rangers lost to the New York Americans 2–1 in a best of three games series.

1937–38 Toronto Maple Leafs season

The 1937–38 Toronto Maple Leafs season was Toronto's 21st season of operation in the National Hockey League (NHL). The Maple Leafs made another Stanley Cup Final appearance, losing to the Chicago Black Hawks.

1938 Detroit Red Wings–Montreal Canadiens European tour

The 1938 Detroit Red Wings–Montreal Canadiens European tour was a nine-game exhibition series played by the Detroit Red Wings and the Montreal Canadiens of the National Hockey League (NHL) in England and France in April and May 1938, after the conclusion of the 1937–38 NHL season. It was the first time in the history of the NHL that its teams played games in Europe. The game played on 21 April 1938 was the first one organized by any major North American professional sports league, to take place outside North America. The Canadiens won the series with a record of 5–3–1.

1938 Stanley Cup Finals

The 1938 Stanley Cup Finals was a best-of-five series between the Chicago Black Hawks and the Toronto Maple Leafs. Chicago won the series 3–1 to win their second Stanley Cup. With their record of 14-25-9, they possess, to date, the lowest regular-season winning percentage of any championship team in the four major professional sports leagues, and are the only ones to do so with a losing record.

Earl Robinson (ice hockey)

Henry Earle Robinson (March 11, 1907 – September 8, 1986) was a Canadian professional ice hockey right winger who played eleven seasons in the National Hockey League for the Montreal Maroons, Chicago Blackhawks and Montreal Canadiens.

Howie Morenz Memorial Game

The Howie Morenz Memorial Game was a benefit held by the National Hockey League (NHL) to raise money to support the family of Montreal Canadiens player Howie Morenz, who died shortly after suffering a broken leg during a regular league game. The game featured the Montreal All-Stars, consisting of players with the Canadiens and Montreal Maroons playing against an all-star team of the top players on the remaining teams and was played at the Montreal Forum on November 2, 1937. The NHL All-Stars defeated the Montreal All-Stars 6–5 before 8,683 spectators.

Paul Gauthier (ice hockey)

Paul Joseph Alphonse Gauthier (December 8, 1915 – March 10, 1984) was a Canadian professional ice hockey goaltender who played in one National Hockey League game for the Montreal Canadiens during the 1937–38 NHL season.

Rudy Ahlin

Anthony Rudolph "Tony" Ahlin (December 12, 1914 – May 6, 1976) was an American professional ice hockey left winger who played in one National Hockey League game for the Chicago Black Hawks during the 1937–38 NHL season.

Sweeney Schriner

David "Sweeney" Schriner (November 30, 1911 – July 4, 1990) was a Russian-born Canadian professional ice hockey forward who played 11 seasons in the National Hockey League (NHL) for the New York Americans and Toronto Maple Leafs. He was named Rookie of the Year in 1934–35 and was the NHL scoring leader in 1935–36 and 1936–37. Schriner was named to honorary all-star teams in numerous leagues throughout his career and played with the NHL All-Stars in the Howie Morenz Memorial Game in 1937. He won two Stanley Cup championships with the Maple Leafs, in 1941–42 and 1944–45. He was inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame in 1962.

Though his family emigrated to Canada when he was an infant, Schriner was the first Russian-born player in NHL history. He grew up in Calgary, where he played baseball in addition to hockey, and returned to the city following his career. He often assisted players at the University of Calgary; the Canada West Universities Athletic Association awards the David "Sweeney" Schriner Trophy to its top scorer each season.

March 22 New York Americans 2–1 2OT New York Rangers Madison Square Garden III Recap  
No scoring First period 01:30 – Cecil Dillon (1)
Red Beattie (1) – 09:26 Second period No scoring
No scoring Third period No scoring
John Sorrell (1) – 01:25 Second overtime period No scoring
Earl Robertson Goalie stats Dave Kerr
March 24 New York Rangers 4–3 New York Americans Madison Square Garden III Recap  
Bryan Hextall (1) – 11:28 First period No scoring
Clint Smith (1) – 04:05
Alex Shibicky (1) – 08:37
Second period 12:23 – ppTommy Anderson (1)
Clint Smith (2) – 15:00 Third period 07:13 – John Sorrell (2)
17:58 – John Sorrell (3)
Dave Kerr Goalie stats Earl Robertson
March 27 New York Americans 3–2 4OT New York Rangers Madison Square Garden III Recap  
No scoring First period No scoring
No scoring Second period 06:27 – Alex Shibicky (2)
07:31 – Bryan Hextall (2)
Lorne Carr (1) – 04:36
Nels Stewart (1) – 10:38
Third period No scoring
Lorne Carr (2) – 00:40 Fourth overtime period No scoring
Earl Robertson Goalie stats Dave Kerr
March 22 Chicago Black Hawks 4–6 Montreal Canadiens Montreal Forum Recap  
Paul Thompson (1) – 01:31 First period 10:58 – Babe Siebert (1)
Mush March (1) – 12:23 Second period 13:38 – ppToe Blake (1)
18:45 – Red Goupille (1)
Johnny Gottselig (1) – 09:30
Cully Dahlstrom (1) – 11:51
Third period 11:32 – Toe Blake (2)
17:32 – Toe Blake (3)
18:40 – Red Goupille (2)
Mike Karakas Goalie stats Wilf Cude
March 24 Montreal Canadiens 0–4 Chicago Black Hawks Chicago Stadium Recap  
No scoring First period 17:58 - Earl Seibert (1)
No scoring Second period No scoring
No scoring Third period 10:06 - Earl Seibert (2)
13:34 - Johnny Gottselig (2)
19:59 - Paul Thompson (2)
Wilf Cude Goalie stats Mike Karakas
March 26 Chicago Black Hawks 3–2 OT Montreal Canadiens Montreal Forum Recap  
Johnny Gottselig (3) – 18:24 First period No scoring
No scoring Second period 08:52 – Johnny Gagnon (1)
Earl Seibert (3) – 18:34 Third period 12:46 – ppGeorges Mantha (1)
Paul Thompson (3) – 11:49 First overtime period No scoring
Mike Karakas Goalie stats Wilf Cude
March 24 Boston Bruins 0–1 2OT Toronto Maple Leafs Maple Leaf Gardens Recap  
No scoring First period No scoring
No scoring Second period No scoring
No scoring Third period No scoring
No scoring Second overtime period 01:31 – George Parsons (1)
Tiny Thompson Goalie stats Turk Broda
March 26 Boston Bruins 1–2 Toronto Maple Leafs Maple Leaf Gardens Recap  
No scoring First period No scoring
No scoring Second period 14:30 – Pep Kelly (1)
Charlie Sands (1) – 07:37 Third period 08:57 – Gordie Drillon (1)
Turk Broda Goalie stats Tiny Thompson
March 29 Toronto Maple Leafs 3–2 OT Boston Bruins Boston Garden Recap  
No scoring First period No scoring
Gordie Drillon (2) – 01:16 Second period No scoring
Pep Kelly (2) – 05:02 Third period 03:24 – Bill Cowley (1)
16:49 – Bill Cowley (2)
Gordie Drillon (3) – 10:04 First overtime period No scoring
Tiny Thompson Goalie stats Turk Broda
March 29 Chicago Black Hawks 1–3 New York Americans Chicago Stadium Recap  
Carl Voss (1) – 05:19 First period No scoring
No scoring Second period 16:47 – Nels Stewart (2)
No scoring Third period 15:52 – John Sorrell (4)
19:08 – ppSweeney Schriner (1)
Mike Karakas Goalie stats Earl Robertson
March 31 New York Americans 0–1 2OT Chicago Black Hawks Madison Square Garden III Recap  
No scoring First period No scoring
No scoring Second period No scoring
No scoring Third period No scoring
No scoring Second overtime period 13:01 – Cully Dahlstrom (2)
Earl Robertson Goalie stats Mike Karakas
April 3 Chicago Black Hawks 3–2 New York Americans Chicago Stadium Recap  
No scoring First period 19:40 – ppLorne Carr (3)
Earl Seibert (4) – 14:52
Alex Levinsky (1) – 17:43
Second period No scoring
Doc Romnes (1) – 15:53 Third period 16:29 – Red Beattie (2)
Mike Karakas Goalie stats Earl Robertson
April 5 Chicago Black Hawks 3–1 Toronto Maple Leafs Maple Leaf Gardens Recap  
Johnny Gottselig (4) – pp – 19:08 First period 01:54 – Gordie Drillon (4)
Paul Thompson (4) – 01:51 Second period No scoring
Johnny Gottselig (5) – 12:08 Third period No scoring
Alfie Moore Goalie stats Turk Broda
April 7 Chicago Black Hawks 1–5 Toronto Maple Leafs Maple Leaf Gardens Recap  
Earl Seibert (5) – pp – 08:31 First period 01:42 – Gordie Drillon (5)
No scoring Second period 06:10 – Busher Jackson (1)
No scoring Third period 09:44 – Gordie Drillon (6)
11:29 – George Parsons (2)
12:08 – George Parsons (3)
Alfie Moore Goalie stats Turk Broda
April 10 Toronto Maple Leafs 1–2 Chicago Black Hawks Chicago Stadium Recap  
Syl Apps (1) – pp – 01:35 First period No scoring
No scoring Second period 16:02 – Carl Voss (2)
No scoring Third period 15:55 – Doc Romnes (2)
Turk Broda Goalie stats Alfie Moore
April 12 Toronto Maple Leafs 1–4 Chicago Black Hawks Chicago Stadium Recap  
Gordie Drillon (7) – 08:26 First period 05:52 – Cully Dahlstrom (3)
No scoring Second period 16:45 – Carl Voss (3)
17:58 – Jack Shill (1)
No scoring Third period 16:24 – Mush March (2)
Turk Broda Goalie stats Alfie Moore
1937–38 NHL season
Canadian
American
See also
1910s
1920s
1930s
1940s
1950s
1960s
1970s
1980s
1990s
2000s
2010s

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