1936 World Series

The 1936 World Series matched the New York Yankees against the New York Giants, with the Yankees winning in six games to earn their fifth championship.

The Yankees played their first World Series without Babe Ruth and their first with Joe DiMaggio, Ruth having been released by the Yankees after the 1934 season. He retired in 1935 as a member of the Boston Braves.

1936 World Series
Team (Wins) Manager(s) Season
New York Yankees (4) Joe McCarthy 102–51, .667, GA: ​19 12
New York Giants (2) Bill Terry (player/manager) 92–62, .597, GA: 5
DatesSeptember 30 – October 6
UmpiresCy Pfirman (NL), Harry Geisel (AL), George Magerkurth (NL), Bill Summers (AL)
Hall of FamersYankees: Joe McCarthy (mgr.), Bill Dickey, Joe DiMaggio, Lou Gehrig, Lefty Gomez, Tony Lazzeri, Red Ruffing.
Giants: Carl Hubbell, Travis Jackson, Mel Ott, Bill Terry.
Broadcast
RadioNBC, CBS, Mutual
Radio announcersNBC: Tom Manning, Ty Tyson, Red Barber, Warren Brown
CBS: France Laux, Boake Carter, Bill Dyer
Mutual: Bob Elson, Gabriel Heatter, Tony Wakeman
World Series Program
1936wsprogram
World Series

Summary

AL New York Yankees (4) vs. NL New York Giants (2)

Game Date Score Location Time Attendance 
1 September 30 New York Yankees – 1, New York Giants – 6 Polo Grounds 2:40 39,419[1] 
2 October 2 New York Yankees – 18, New York Giants – 4 Polo Grounds 2:49 43,543[2] 
3 October 3 New York Giants – 1, New York Yankees – 2 Yankee Stadium 2:01 64,842[3] 
4 October 4 New York Giants – 2, New York Yankees – 5 Yankee Stadium 2:12 66,669[4] 
5 October 5 New York Giants – 5, New York Yankees – 4 (10 innings) Yankee Stadium 2:45 50,024[5] 
6 October 6 New York Yankees – 13, New York Giants – 5 Polo Grounds 2:50 38,427[6]

: postponed from October 1 due to rain

Matchups

Game 1

Wednesday, September 30, 1936 1:30 pm (ET) at Polo Grounds in Manhattan, New York
Team 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 R H E
New York (AL) 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 7 2
New York (NL) 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 4 X 6 9 1
WP: Carl Hubbell (1–0)   LP: Red Ruffing (0–1)
Home runs:
NYY: George Selkirk (1)
NYG: Dick Bartell (1)

Carl Hubbell won Game 1, allowing only one run on George Selkirk's home run and seven hits. After Dick Bartell's fifth inning home run off Red Ruffing tied the game, An RBI single by Gus Mancuso scoring Mel Ott, who doubled to lead off, in the sixth inning put the Giants up 2–1. They padded their lead in the eighth. Two singles and a walk loaded the bases before a walk to Burgess Whitehead and sacrifice fly by Travis Jackson scored a run each. Hubbell's two-run single capped the game's scoring. He pitched a perfect ninth as the Giants took a 1–0 series lead.

Game 2

Friday, October 2, 1936 1:30 pm (ET) at Polo Grounds in Manhattan, New York
Team 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 R H E
New York (AL) 2 0 7 0 0 1 2 0 6 18 17 0
New York (NL) 0 1 0 3 0 0 0 0 0 4 6 1
WP: Lefty Gomez (1–0)   LP: Hal Schumacher (0–1)
Home runs:
NYY: Tony Lazzeri (1), Bill Dickey (1)
NYG: None

The Yankees won Game 2 at the Polo Grounds by an 18–4 count, setting Series records (as of 2018) for the biggest margin of victory in a World Series game (14 runs) and the most runs scored in one game with 18. They loaded the bases with no outs in the first off Hal Schumacher on two singles and a walk before sacrifice flies by Lou Gehrig and Bill Dickey put them up 2–0. Two walks and a wild pitch by Lefty Gomez in the second allowed the Giants to cut the lead to 2–1, but the Yankees blew the game open in the third. A single, walk and error loaded the bases with no outs. Al Smith relieved Schumacher and allowed a two-run single to Gehrig and RBI single to Dickey. A one-out walk reloaded the bases before Tony Lazzeri's grand slam off Dick Coffman made it 9–1 Yankees. The Giants scored their last three runs in the fourth on a bases loaded walk to Dick Bartell followed by a two-run single by Bill Terry. The Yankees added a run in the sixth on Joe DiMaggio's sacrifice fly with two on off Frank Gabler, then loaded the bases in the seventh on a walk and two singles before Lazzeri's flyout and Gomez's groundout scored a run each. In the ninth, Jake Powell drew a leadoff walk off Harry Gumbert, stole second, moved to third on a groundout, and scored on Gomez's single. After another single, back-to-back RBI singles by Red Rolfe and DiMaggio made it 15–4 Yankees. One out later, Dickey's three-run home run capped the scoring.

DiMaggio made a tremendous play in Game 2. With two outs in the bottom of the ninth inning, Hank Leiber drove the ball 490 feet (150 m) deep into dead center, and Joe caught the ball running up the steps of the clubhouse.[7] This remarkable catch was at least 40 feet (12 m) further than Willie Mays' far more celebrated catch of Vic Wertz's drive to deep straightaway center in Game 1 of the 1954 World Series. After DiMaggio's game-ending grab, President Roosevelt, who was in attendance, saluted Joe for his great catch as he rode off in the presidential limousine.[8] All three ninth-inning outs were made by DiMaggio.

Yankee second baseman Tony Lazzeri became only the second player ever to hit a grand slam home run in the World Series. Elmer Smith of the Cleveland Indians had been the sole achiever of that feat in World Series play, doing so in Game 5 of the 1920 World Series.

Game 3

Saturday, October 3, 1936 1:30 pm (ET) at Yankee Stadium in Bronx, New York
Team 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 R H E
New York (NL) 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 11 0
New York (AL) 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 X 2 4 0
WP: Bump Hadley (1–0)   LP: Freddie Fitzsimmons (0–1)   Sv: Pat Malone (1)
Home runs:
NYG: Jimmy Ripple (1)
NYY: Lou Gehrig (1)

Hard luck-loser Freddie Fitzsimmons allowed only two hits over seven innings, one of them a tremendous home run by Gehrig in the second, but after the Giants tied the game in the fifth on Jimmy Ripple's home run off Bump Hadley, Frankie Crosetti's single off his glove with the count 0–2 and two outs scored Jake Powell with the decisive run in the eighth. Pat Malone pitched a scoreless ninth for the save.

Game 4

Sunday, October 4, 1936 2:00 pm (ET) at Yankee Stadium in Bronx, New York
Team 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 R H E
New York (NL) 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 2 7 1
New York (AL) 0 1 3 0 0 0 0 1 X 5 10 1
WP: Monte Pearson (1–0)   LP: Carl Hubbell (1–1)
Home runs:
NYG: None
NYY: Lou Gehrig (2)

The Yankees struck first in the second when Jake Powell reached on an error and scored on George Selkirk's single off Carl Hubbell. Next inning, Frank Crosetti hit a leadoff double and scored on Red Rolfe's single, then Lou Gehrig's two-run home run gave the Yankees a 4-0 lead. Jimmy Ripple's RBI single in the fourth off Monte Pearson put the Giants on the board. Bill Terry's groundout with runners on first and third in the eighth cut the Yankees' lead to two, but they got that run back in the bottom half when Gehrig hit a leadoff double off Frank Gabler and scored on Powell's single. Pearson won his first World Series game (he won three more, in 1937, 1938, and 1939).

Game 5

Monday, October 5, 1936 1:30 pm (ET) at Yankee Stadium in Bronx, New York
Team 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 R H E
New York (NL) 3 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 5 8 3
New York (AL) 0 1 1 0 0 2 0 0 0 0 4 10 1
WP: Hal Schumacher (1–1)   LP: Pat Malone (0–1)
Home runs:
NYG: None
NYY: George Selkirk (2)

The Giants struck first with back-to-back leadoff doubles by Jo-Jo Moore and Dick Bartell off Red Ruffing. RBI singles by Jimmy Ripple and Burgess Whitehead made it 3–0 Giants. George Selkirk's home run off Hal Schumacher in the second put the Yankees on the board. Next inning, with runners on second and third, an error on Frank Corsetti's groundball allowed another run to score. A similar situation in the sixth on Burgess Whitehead's groundball allowed the Giants to pad their lead to 4–2, but in the bottom half, three consecutive two-out singles allowed the Yankees to tied the game. Bill Terry's sacrifice fly in the top of the tenth inning off Pat Malone, scoring Jo-Jo Moore, who doubled to leadoff and moved to third on a sacrifice bunt, helped the Giants win Game 5 5-4.

Game 6

Tuesday, October 6, 1936 1:30 pm (ET) at Polo Grounds in Manhattan, New York
Team 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 R H E
New York (AL) 0 2 1 2 0 0 0 1 7 13 17 2
New York (NL) 2 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 0 5 9 1
WP: Lefty Gomez (2–0)   LP: Freddie Fitzsimmons (0–2)   Sv: Johnny Murphy (1)
Home runs:
NYY: Jake Powell (1)
NYG: Mel Ott (1), Jo-Jo Moore (1)

The Giants loaded the bases in the first off Lefty Gomez on a single and two walks before Mel Ott drove in two with a double, but Jake Powell's home-run after a two-out triple off Freddie Fitzsimmons tied the game in the second. Next inning, Lou Gehrig's sacrifice fly after two one-out singles put the Yankees up 3–2. They extended their lead to 5–2 in the fourth on four singles, two of which by Gomez and Red Rolfe scoring a run each. Ott's home run in the fifth cut the lead to 5—3, then in the seventh, Dick Bartell hit a leadoff double and scored on Bill Terry's single to make it a one-run game. Tony Lazzeri's RBI single in the eighth off Slick Castleman made it 6–4 Yankees, but the Giants again cut the lead to one on Jo-Jo Moore's home run in the bottom half off Johnny Murphy. The Yankees, though, blew it open in the ninth. After two leadoff singles off Dick Coffman, an error on Bill Dickey's fielder's choice allowed one run to score. A walk loaded the bases before Powell drove it two with a single. Harry Gumbert relieved Coffman and after a walk loaded the bases, Murphy's single, Crosetti's walk, Rolfe's groundout, and Joe DiMaggio's single scored a run each to make it 13–5 Yankees. Murphy retired the Giants in order in the bottom of the ninth to give the Yankees the championship.

Composite line score

1936 World Series (4–2): New York Yankees (A.L.) over New York Giants (N.L.)

Team 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 R H E
New York Yankees 2 5 13 2 0 3 2 3 13 0 43 65 6
New York Giants 5 1 0 4 3 2 1 6 0 1 23 50 7
Total attendance: 302,924   Average attendance: 50,487
Winning player's share: $6,431   Losing player's share: $4,656[9]

Aftermath

The Yankees' fifth championship tied the record at that time, which was shared by the Boston Red Sox and the Philadelphia Athletics, who also had five World Series titles. The Yankees also tied the American League record at that time for the most World Series appearances with eight, also shared with the Athletics. They broke both records the following year. The Giants appeared in their 11th World Series, extending the record they already held at that time, and their seventh World Series defeat also extended the record they already owned.

DiMaggio would go on to be the only person to play on four World Championship teams in his first four years in the big leagues, the 1936–39 Yankees.

The Yankee left fielder Jake Powell started the year with the Washington Senators before coming over in the middle of the year in a trade for Ben Chapman. In this Series, the unheralded Powell would lead all hitters in hits (10), batting average (.455), runs (8) and walks (4), add a home run with five runs batted in, and grab the Yankees' only stolen base.

Notes

  1. ^ "1936 World Series Game 1 – New York Yankees vs. New York Giants". Retrosheet. Retrieved September 13, 2009.
  2. ^ "1936 World Series Game 2 – New York Yankees vs. New York Giants". Retrosheet. Retrieved September 13, 2009.
  3. ^ "1936 World Series Game 3 – New York Giants vs. New York Yankees". Retrosheet. Retrieved September 13, 2009.
  4. ^ "1936 World Series Game 4 – New York Giants vs. New York Yankees". Retrosheet. Retrieved September 13, 2009.
  5. ^ "1936 World Series Game 5 – New York Giants vs. New York Yankees". Retrosheet. Retrieved September 13, 2009.
  6. ^ "1936 World Series Game 6 – New York Yankees vs. New York Giants". Retrosheet. Retrieved September 13, 2009.
  7. ^ Frank Stanley (July 1947). Diamonds Are Rough All Over. Baseball Digest. Books.Google.com. Retrieved November 2, 2010.
  8. ^ Coffey, Wayne. "PART TWO: The Yankee Clipper Sails In". NYDailyNews.com. Archived from the original on September 6, 2009. Retrieved January 17, 2011.
  9. ^ "World Series Gate Receipts and Player Shares". Baseball Almanac. Retrieved June 14, 2009.

References

  • Cohen, Richard M.; Neft, David S. (1990). The World Series: Complete Play-By-Play of Every Game, 1903–1989. New York: St. Martin's Press. pp. 162–166. ISBN 0-312-03960-3.
  • Reichler, Joseph (1982). The Baseball Encyclopedia (5th ed.). Macmillan Publishing. p. 2144. ISBN 0-02-579010-2.

External links

1936 New York Giants (MLB) season

The 1936 New York Giants season was the franchise's 54th season. The Giants won the National League pennant. The team went on to lose to the New York Yankees in the 1936 World Series, four games to two.

1936 New York Yankees season

The 1936 New York Yankees season was the team's 34th season in New York and its 36th season overall. The team finished with a record of 102–51, winning their 8th pennant, finishing 19.5 games ahead of the Detroit Tigers. New York was managed by Joe McCarthy. The Yankees played at Yankee Stadium. In the World Series, they beat the New York Giants in 6 games.

1937 World Series

The 1937 World Series featured the defending champion New York Yankees and the New York Giants in a rematch of the 1936 Series. The Yankees won in five games, for their second championship in a row and their sixth in fifteen years (1923, 1927–28, 1932, 1936).

This was the Yankees' third Series win over the Giants (1923, 1936), finally giving them an overall edge in Series wins over the Giants with three Fall Classic wins to the Giants' two (after they lost the 1921 and 1922 Series to the Giants). Currently (as of 2018), the St. Louis Cardinals are the only "Classic Eight" National League (1900–1961) team to hold a Series edge over the Bronx Bombers, with three wins to the Yankees' two. The 1937 victory by the Yankees also broke a three-way tie among themselves, the Philadelphia Athletics and the Boston Red Sox for the most World Series wins all-time (five each). By the time the Athletics and Red Sox won their sixth World Series (in 1972 and 2004, respectively), the Yankees had far outpaced them in world championships with 20 in 1972 and 26 in 2004.

The 1937 Series was the first in which a team (in this case, the Yankees) did not commit a single error, handling 179 total chances (132 putouts, 47 assists) perfectly. Game 4 ended with the final World Series innings ever pitched by Hall of Famer Carl Hubbell who, during the ninth inning, gave up Hall of Famer Lou Gehrig's final Series home run.

1995 Major League Baseball season

The 1995 Major League Baseball season was the first season to be played under the expanded postseason format, as the League Division Series (LDS) was played in both the American and National leagues for the first time. However, due to the 1994–95 Major League Baseball strike which carried into the 1995 season, a shortened 144-game schedule commenced on April 25, when the Florida Marlins played host to the Los Angeles Dodgers.

The Atlanta Braves became the first franchise to win World Series championships for three different cities. Along with their 1995 title, the Braves won in 1914 as the Boston Braves, and in 1957 as the Milwaukee Braves.

Carl Hubbell

Carl Owen Hubbell (June 22, 1903 – November 21, 1988), nicknamed "The Meal Ticket" and "King Carl", was an American baseball player. He stood 6 feet 0 inches (1.83 m) tall and weighed 170 pounds (77 kg). He was a member of the New York Giants in the National League from 1928 to 1943. He remained on the team's payroll for the rest of his life, long after their move to San Francisco.

Twice voted the National League's Most Valuable Player, Hubbell was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1947. During 1936 and 1937, Hubbell set the major league record for consecutive wins by a pitcher with 24. He is perhaps best remembered for his performance in the 1934 All-Star Game, when he struck out five future Hall of Famers, Babe Ruth, Lou Gehrig, Jimmie Foxx, Al Simmons and Joe Cronin, in succession. Hubbell's primary pitch was the screwball.

Dick Bartell

Richard William Bartell (November 22, 1907 – August 4, 1995), nicknamed "Rowdy Richard", was an American shortstop in Major League Baseball (MLB). One of the most ferocious competitors of his era, he won both admirers and critics at each stop during a career which saw him traded every few seasons, often under acrimonious circumstances. While hitting .300 over a full season five times, he led the National League in double plays four times and in putouts and assists three times each. From 1927 through 1946, Bartell played for the Pittsburgh Pirates (1927–30), Philadelphia Phillies (1931–34), New York Giants (1935–38, 1941), Chicago Cubs (1939) and Detroit Tigers (1940–1941). After two years of military service in World War II, he played briefly in 1946 before retiring. At 5'9" and 160 pounds, he batted and threw right-handed.

A native of Chicago, who grew up in Alameda, California, Bartell played in three World Series and the 1933 All-Star Game, the first to be played. He had one year in the minors, 1926, with the class A Bridgeport Bears in the Eastern League, where he hit .280 in 148 games. At 19, Bartell was the youngest player in the National League. He appeared in only one game at the end of the season, drawing two walks in four plate appearances. He played flawlessly in the field with five chances and one double play. The Pirates lost to the Yankees in four games and the team had to wait until 1960 to make amends.

With an aggressive style of play and fiery attitude which earned him his nickname, Bartell was a competent shortstop with good hands and a strong throwing arm. A skillful hitter, he batted a career-high .320 in 1930. After three seasons over .300 with Pittsburgh, he was traded to the Phillies in 1931, and had collected seasons of 40 doubles and 100 runs three times each by 1934. Bartell helped Philadelphia's perennial cellar-dwellers finish in fourth place in the 1932 season, for the only first-division finish by a Phillies team in a span of 32 seasons (1918–42). In 1933 he was elected to the first All-Star Game, and again in 1937.

Traded to the New York Giants before the 1935 season, Bartell helped the team win two NL pennants (1936–37), and hit .381 in the 1936 World Series. Leading off for the Giants in the Brooklyn Dodgers home opener in 1937, he complained when the first pitch was called a strike – and was promptly hit in the chest with a tomato thrown from the stands. He later played with the Chicago Cubs in 1939. In 1940, his first season in the American League, he teamed up with second baseman Charlie Gehringer to give the Tigers an AL pennant. Bartell started 1941 with Detroit but returned to the Giants in the midseason as a player-coach.

In an 18-season career, Bartell posted a .284 batting average with 79 home runs and 710 runs batted in in 2016 games played. He also finished with 1,130 runs, 2,165 hits, 442 doubles, 71 triples and 109 stolen bases.

Bartell later managed in the minor leagues and coached for the Tigers (1949–52) and Cincinnati Redlegs (1954–55). He died in Alameda at age 87 after suffering from Alzheimer's Disease. He is interred at the Chapel of the Chimes columbarium.

Frankie Crosetti

Frank Peter Joseph Crosetti (October 4, 1910 – February 11, 2002) was an American baseball shortstop. Nicknamed "The Crow", he spent his whole seventeen-year Major League Baseball playing career with the New York Yankees before becoming a coach with the franchise for an additional twenty seasons. As a player and third base coach for the Yankees, Crosetti was part of seventeen World Championship teams and 23 World Series participants overall, from 1932 to 1964, the most of any individual.

Freddie Fitzsimmons

Frederick Landis Fitzsimmons (July 28, 1901 – November 18, 1979) was an American professional baseball right-handed pitcher, manager, and coach, who played in Major League Baseball (MLB) from 1925 to 1943 with the New York Giants and Brooklyn Dodgers. Nicknamed "Fat Freddie" (he carried as much as 205 pounds (93 kg) on his 5 feet 11 inches (1.80 m) frame), and known for his mastery of the knuckle curve, Fitzsimmons' 217 wins were the third most by a National League (NL) right-hander in the period from 1920 to 1955, trailing only Burleigh Grimes and Paul Derringer. In 1940 he set an NL record, which stood until 1959, with a single-season winning percentage of .889 (16–2). He was an agile fielder in spite of his heavy build, holding the major league record for career double plays (79) from 1938 to 1964, and tying another record by leading the league in putouts four times; he ranked eighth in NL history in putouts (237) and ninth in fielding percentage (.977) when his career ended.

Born in Mishawaka, Indiana, Fitzsimmons broke in with the Giants in August 1925, posting a 6–3 record over the rest of the year. After seasons of 14 and 17 wins, he earned a career-high 20 victories in 1928, a year which saw the arrival of teammate Carl Hubbell; until Fitzsimmons' departure in 1937, the two formed a formidable left-right combination at the heart of the Giants' staff. In 1930 he led the NL in winning percentage for the first time with a 19–7 record (.731), and an 18–11 season followed in 1931. In 1933, the first full season after Bill Terry took over from John McGraw as manager, he won 16 games with a 2.90 earned run average as the Giants won the NL pennant; in the 1933 World Series against the Washington Senators, he suffered a 4–0 defeat in Game 3, though it was New York's only loss as they captured their first title since 1922.

Fitzsimmons had another 18-win season in 1934, and led the NL in putouts for the fourth time, tying Grover Cleveland Alexander's major league mark. However, his career then began to plateau. He had years of 4–8 and 10–7 in 1935 and 1936, with the Giants winning the NL pennant again the latter year; he led the NL in shutouts in 1935, blanking opponents in all 4 of his victories. His troubles returned in the 1936 World Series against the New York Yankees; he lost Game 3 by a 2–1 score, and was bombarded in the final Game 6 loss, leaving in the fourth inning while trailing 5–2. After a 6–10 start in 1937, he was traded to the Dodgers in June for reliever Tom Baker, who made only 15 appearances for the Giants. Brooklyn shortstop Leo Durocher praised his new teammate's competitiveness, saying, "I wish we had nine guys like Fitz. We'd never lose." Though his record in 1938–1939 totaled only 18–17, in 1938 he tied Grimes' mark of 74 career double plays, passing him the following year; Warren Spahn broke his record in 1964. He came back in 1940 with a 16–2 campaign, finishing fifth in the MVP voting. His .889 winning percentage broke the NL record of .842 (16–3) shared by Tom L. Hughes (1916 Boston Braves) and Emil Yde (1924 Pittsburgh Pirates), and stood until Roy Face posted an 18–1 mark (.947) with the 1959 Pirates.

Fitzsimmons made only 12 starts in 1941, going 6–1 as the Dodgers won their first pennant since 1920. He almost earned his long-elusive World Series victory against the Yankees, holding them to four hits through seven innings in Game 3. But he was forced to leave with a 0–0 score after being struck in the kneecap by a line drive hit by Marius Russo, which caromed into Pee Wee Reese's glove to end the inning. His replacement surrendered two runs in the eighth, and New York triumphed 2–1.

Following his knee injury, Fitzsimmons made only one start in 1942 and served as a coach on player-manager Durocher's staff. He then returned to the active list and made nine appearances for the 1943 Dodgers before Brooklyn released him July 27. The following day, the tail-ending Philadelphia Phillies tabbed him as their manager, replacing Bucky Harris and ending Fitzsimmons' playing career. He compiled a 217–146 (.598) record with an ERA of 3.51 and 870 strikeouts in 513 games and 3,223​2⁄3 innings pitched.

Fitzsimmons was a better than average hitting pitcher in his career. He compiled a .200 average (231–1155) with 112 runs, 103 RBI and 14 home runs. In 1930, 1931, and 1932 as a member of the New York Giants, he drove in 13, 18, and 10 runs respectively. In four World Series appearances, he batted .375 (3–8).

He managed the Phillies through the middle of the 1945 season, compiling only 105 wins against 181 losses (.367). In 1943 and 1944, he also served as general manager of the Brooklyn Dodgers in the All-America Football Conference. After World War II, Fitzsimmons became a coach with the Boston Braves (1948), Giants (1949–1955), Chicago Cubs (1957–1959; 1966), and Kansas City Athletics (1960). He also managed in minor league baseball. On Durocher's Giants staff, Fitzsimmons finally earned a championship as a coach for the 1954 World Series team.

Bob Lemon broke the major league mark shared by Fitzsimmons by leading the American League in putouts five times between 1948 and 1954; Greg Maddux eventually broke the NL record.

Fitzsimmons died of a heart attack at age 78 in Yucca Valley, California. He was buried at Montecito Memorial Park, in Colton, California.

Giants–Yankees rivalry

The Giants–Yankees rivalry is a Major League Baseball rivalry between the San Francisco Giants of the National League and the New York Yankees of the American League. It was particularly intense when both teams not only inhabited New York City but also, for a time, the same ball park. During that era the opportunities for them to meet could only have been in a World Series. Both teams kicked off the first Subway Series between the two leagues in 1921.

Gus Mancuso

August Rodney Mancuso (December 5, 1905 – October 26, 1984), nicknamed "Blackie", was an American professional baseball player, coach, scout and radio sports commentator. He played as a catcher in Major League Baseball with the St. Louis Cardinals (1928, 1930–32, 1941–42), New York Giants (1933–38, 1942–44), Chicago Cubs (1939), Brooklyn Dodgers (1940) and Philadelphia Phillies (1945).Mancuso was known for his capable handling of pitching staffs and for his on-field leadership abilities. He was a member of five National League pennant-winning teams, and played as the catcher for five pitchers who were eventually inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame. Mancuso was regarded as one of the top defensive catchers of the 1930s.

Hank Leiber

Henry Edward Leiber (January 17, 1911 – November 8, 1993) was an American professional baseball player. He played as an outfielder in Major League Baseball from 1933 to 1942 with the New York Giants and Chicago Cubs.

Harry Gumbert

Harry Edwards Gumbert (November 5, 1909 – January 4, 1995), nicknamed "Gunboat", was an American pitcher in Major League Baseball whose career extended for 21 professional seasons, including 15 years and 508 games pitched in the big leagues. Born in Elizabeth, Pennsylvania, he threw right-handed and was listed at 6 feet 2 inches (1.88 m) tall and 185 pounds (84 kg).

List of World Series champions

The World Series is the annual championship series of Major League Baseball (MLB) and concludes the MLB postseason. First played in 1903, the World Series championship is determined through a best-of-seven playoff and is a contest between the champions of baseball's National League (NL) and American League (AL). Often referred to as the "Fall Classic", the modern World Series has been played every year since 1903 with two exceptions: in 1904, when the NL champion New York Giants declined to play the AL champion Boston Americans; and in 1994, when the series was canceled due to the players' strike.The best-of-seven style has been the format of all World Series except in 1903, 1919, 1920, and 1921, when the winner was determined through a best-of-nine playoff. Although the large majority of contests have been played entirely during the month of October, a small number of Series have also had games played during September and November. The Series-winning team is awarded the Commissioner's Trophy. Players, coaches and others associated with the team are generally given World Series rings to commemorate their victory; however, they have received other items such as pocket watches and medallions in the past. The winning team is traditionally invited to the White House to meet the President of the United States.

A total of 114 Series have been contested, with the NL champion winning 48 and the AL champion winning 66. The New York Yankees of the AL have played in 40 World Series through 2018—winning 27—the most Series appearances and most victories of any Major League Baseball franchise. The Los Angeles Dodgers of the NL have the most losses with 14. The St. Louis Cardinals have represented the NL 19 times, and won 11 championships, second-most among all teams and most among NL clubs. Both the Giants and the Los Angeles Dodgers have appeared in more World Series, with 20 each.

The Seattle Mariners and the Washington Nationals (formerly Montreal Expos) are the only current Major League Baseball franchises to have never appeared in a World Series; the San Diego Padres, Colorado Rockies, Texas Rangers (formerly the 1961–1971 version of the Washington Senators), Tampa Bay Rays, and Milwaukee Brewers (formerly Seattle Pilots) have all played in the Series but have never won. The Toronto Blue Jays are the only franchise from outside the United States to appear in a World Series, winning in 1992 and 1993. The Houston Astros have represented both the NL (2005) and the AL (2017), winning the Series in 2017. The current World Series champions are the Boston Red Sox.

List of World Series starting pitchers

The following chart lists starting pitchers for each Major League Baseball World Series game.Decisions listed indicate lifetime World Series W/L records as a starting pitcher; a pitcher's wins and losses in World Series relief appearances are not included here.

‡ denotes a member of the Baseball Hall of Fame.

Mel Ott

Melvin Thomas Ott (March 2, 1909 – November 21, 1958), nicknamed "Master Melvin", was an American professional baseball right fielder, who played in Major League Baseball (MLB) for the New York Giants, from 1926 through 1947.

Ott was born in Gretna, the seat of government of Jefferson Parish in suburban New Orleans. He batted left-handed and threw right-handed. He was an All-Star for 11 consecutive seasons, and was the first National League player to surpass 500 career home runs. He was unusually slight in stature for a power hitter, at 5 feet 9 inches (1.75 m), 170 pounds (77 kg).He was elected to the National Baseball Hall of Fame in 1951.

Pat Malone

Perce Leigh "Pat" Malone (September 25, 1902 – May 13, 1943) was an American pitcher in Major League Baseball who played from 1928 through 1937 for the Chicago Cubs (1928–34) and New York Yankees (1935–37). Listed at 6 ft 0 in (1.83 m) and 200 pounds, Malone batted left-handed and threw right-handed. He was born in Altoona, Pennsylvania.

Roy Johnson

Roy Cleveland Johnson (February 23, 1903 – September 10, 1973) was a left fielder/right fielder in Major League Baseball who played for the Detroit Tigers (1929–32), Boston Red Sox (1932–35), New York Yankees (1936–37) and Boston Bees (1937–38). A native of Pryor, Oklahoma, he batted left-handed and threw right-handed. His younger brother, Indian Bob Johnson, also was a major league player.

Slick Castleman

Clydell Castleman (September 8, 1913 – March 2, 1998) was a pitcher in Major League Baseball

pitcher who played from 1934 through 1939 for the New York Giants, including the National League Champion team that lost to the New York Yankees in six games in the 1936 World Series.

Subway Series

The Subway Series is a series of Major League Baseball (MLB) rivalry games played between the two teams based in New York City, the Yankees and the Mets. Previously, this applied to the Giants and Dodgers as well, before they moved out of New York City. Every historic and current venue for such games has been accessible via the New York City Subway, hence the name of the series.

The term's historic usage has been in reference to World Series games played between the city's teams. The New York Yankees have appeared in all Subway Series games as they have been the only American League (AL) team based in the city, and have compiled an 11–3 all-time series record in the 14 championship Subway Series.

Since 1997, the term Subway Series has been applied to interleague play during the regular season between the Yankees and New York City's National League (NL) team: the New York Mets. The Mets and Yankees also played each other in the 2000 World Series, in which the Yankees won.

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