The Cardinals and Tigers split the first two games in Detroit, and Detroit took two of the next three in St. Louis. But St. Louis won the next two in Detroit, including an 11–0 embarrassment in Game 7 to win the Series. The stars for the Cardinals were Joe ("Ducky") Medwick, who hit .379, a Series-high five RBI and one of St. Louis' two home runs, and the meteoric ("Me 'n' Paul") Dean brothers, Dizzy and Paul (or "Daffy") Dean, who won two games apiece with 28 strikeouts and a minuscule 1.43 earned run average. 1934 was the last World Series in which both teams were led by player-managers.
The two teams have met twice in the World Series since 1934; in 1968 (Tigers won in seven) and 2006 (Cardinals won in five). Tiger pitcher Denny McLain, winner of Game 6 in 1968 (coasting home on the Tigers' record-tying ten-run second inning rally on the road), had gone 31–6 during the season, upstaging "Diz" with his mere 30–7 that year, who at 57 went onto the Tiger Stadium field in a big cowboy hat to be photographed with McLain moments after the walk-off hit that had given the latter his thirtieth win of the season. As of 2018, they are the last two 30-game winners in the major leagues.
The Cardinals, led by the Dean brothers, used only six other pitchers in amassing a team earned-run average of 2.34 for their 1934 Series victory,
Pete Fox played for the losing team, yet became the only player in Series history, as of 2018, to hit six doubles in a World Series.
For his top-of-the-sixth triple in Game 7, Joe Medwick slid hard into Tiger third baseman Marv Owen. They tangled briefly, and when Medwick went back to his position in left field for the bottom of the inning enraged Tiger fans, knowing the game was all but lost (the score was 9–0 by then), vented their frustrations on him, pelting him with fruit, vegetables, bottles and cushions among other things. It was a feat for him to make the catch of a fly ball instead of the orange thrown close to it. Commissioner Landis ordered Medwick out of the game, ending the ruckus. Newsreel footage shows Medwick slamming his glove against the dugout bench in disgust. It was the only time a Commissioner has ever ejected a player from any major league game, as of 2018.(Audio)
Dizzy Dean nearly took himself out of the Series on a play in Game 4. In the fourth inning, he pinch-ran and broke up a double play the hard way; i.e., by taking the errant relay throw to first flush on the noggin. The great Dean lay unconscious on the field. (He was later to protest, "Hell, it was only a glancing blow.") He was rushed to a hospital for observation, where he was given a clean bill of health. Legend has it that at least one newspaper the next day featured the headline, "X-ray of Dean's head shows nothing." Be that as it may, ol' Diz recovered rapidly enough to start Game 5 (a 3–1 loss to Tiger curveballer Tommy Bridges) the very next day.
According to Charles Einstein's The Fireside Book of Baseball, in the midst of the Cardinals' Game 7 rout, player-manager Frankie Frisch, the "Fordham Flash", called time and walked out to the mound from second base to warn Diz, "If you don't stop clowning around, I'll take you out of the game." Dizzy said, "No you won't." Frisch thought about this a moment, then retreated to second.
|1934 World Series|
|Umpires||Brick Owens (AL), Bill Klem (NL), Harry Geisel (AL), Beans Reardon (NL)|
|Hall of Famers||Umpire: Bill Klem |
Cardinals: Dizzy Dean, Leo Durocher‡, Frankie Frisch, Jesse Haines, Joe Medwick, Dazzy Vance.
Tigers: Mickey Cochrane, Charlie Gehringer, Goose Goslin, Hank Greenberg.
‡ elected as a manager.
|Radio announcers||NBC: Tom Manning, Ford Bond, Graham McNamee|
CBS: France Laux, Ted Husing, Pat Flanagan
|1||October 3||St. Louis Cardinals – 8, Detroit Tigers – 3||Navin Field||2:13||42,505|
|2||October 4||St. Louis Cardinals – 2, Detroit Tigers – 3 (12 innings)||Navin Field||2:49||43,451|
|3||October 5||Detroit Tigers – 1, St. Louis Cardinals – 4||Sportsman's Park||2:07||34,073|
|4||October 6||Detroit Tigers – 10, St. Louis Cardinals – 4||Sportsman's Park||2:43||37,492|
|5||October 7||Detroit Tigers – 3, St. Louis Cardinals – 1||Sportsman's Park||1:58||38,536|
|6||October 8||St. Louis Cardinals – 4, Detroit Tigers – 3||Navin Field||1:58||44,551|
|7||October 9||St. Louis Cardinals – 11, Detroit Tigers – 0||Navin Field||2:19||40,902|
|WP: Dizzy Dean (1–0) LP: General Crowder (0–1)|
STL: Joe Medwick (1)
DET: Hank Greenberg (1)
The series opener in Detroit pitted the Cardinals' 30-game winner, Dizzy Dean, against the Tigers' "General" Crowder. The subpar Tiger defense behind the General let him down with five errors and three unearned runs.
In the top of the second, the Gashouse Gang loaded the bases with a single and two errors; a single by Jack Rothrock then brought home both Ernie Orsatti and Dean to make it 2–0. In the third, St. Louis tacked on another run due to more shoddy Detroit fielding. Medwick singled and was forced out at second by Ripper Collins, but a throwing error by Tiger shortstop Billy Rogell allowed Collins to move to second and then score on another error by Detroit's star first baseman, Hank Greenberg. In the bottom of the third, Charlie Gehringer got the Tigers on the board with a single that drove in Jo-Jo White, but in the St. Louis fifth Medwick tattooed a home run off Crowder for a 4–1 Cardinal lead.
The Gang then exploded for a four-run sixth off Firpo Marberry (who had relieved Crowder) and Chief Hogsett, as Pepper Martin and Medwick each cracked RBI singles and Bill DeLancey lashed a two-run double to left. Though Detroit put up single runs in the sixth and eighth (via a Goose Goslin single that scored Greenberg and a home run by Greenberg), they could get no closer, as Dean struck out Gee Walker to give St. Louis an 8–3 win and a 1–0 lead in the series.
|WP: Schoolboy Rowe (1–0) LP: Bill Walker (0–1)|
In the top of the second, St. Louis drew first blood on DeLancey's single and Orsatti's triple. They added another run in the third as a Medwick single brought in Martin, but the Tigers came back and edged them 3–2 in 12 innings.
|WP: Paul Dean (1–0) LP: Tommy Bridges (0–1)|
The Tigers left 13 men on base as Pepper Martin's double, triple and two runs scored enabled the Cardinals to win, 4-1.
|WP: Elden Auker (1–0) LP: Bill Walker (0–2)|
The Tigers evened the series, winning 10-4, with five runs in the eighth. Hank Greenberg had four hits and three RBI and Billy Rogell had four RBI.
|WP: Tommy Bridges (1–1) LP: Dizzy Dean (1–1)|
DET: Charlie Gehringer (1)
STL: Bill DeLancey (1)
Tommy Bridges won after just one day of rest. Charlie Gehringer's home run in the sixth was the game-winning hit.
|WP: Paul Dean (2–0) LP: Schoolboy Rowe (1–1)|
Paul Dean won his second game of the series and helped his own cause with a game-winning single in the seventh inning.
|WP: Dizzy Dean (2–1) LP: Elden Auker (1–1)|
The Cardinals easily won Game 7, 11-0, behind Dizzy Dean. Ducky Medwick was taken out of the game for own safety after sliding hard into third baseman Marv Owen and being pelted by the crowd with bottles and fruit when he took the field in the sixth inning.
|St. Louis Cardinals||2||5||10||2||5||6||4||0||0||0||0||0||34||73||15|
|Total attendance: 281,510 Average attendance: 40,216|
Winning player's share: $5,390 Losing player's share: $3,355
Other brothers who appeared in the same World Series, either as teammates or opponents, before the Deans were:
The 1934 Detroit Tigers season was the 34th season for the Detroit Tigers since entering the American League in 1901. The Tigers won the American League pennant with a record of 101–53, the best winning percentage in team history. The team made its fourth World Series appearance, but lost the 1934 World Series to the St. Louis Cardinals 4 games to 3.1934 St. Louis Cardinals season
The 1934 St. Louis Cardinals season was the team's 53rd season in St. Louis, Missouri and the 43rd season in the National League. The Cardinals went 95–58 during the season and finished first in the National League. In the World Series, they defeated the Detroit Tigers in seven games, winning the last 11–0.1935 Detroit Tigers season
The 1935 Detroit Tigers won the 1935 World Series, defeating the Chicago Cubs 4 games to 2. The season was their 35th since they entered the American League in 1901. It was the first World Series championship for the Tigers.Alvin Crowder
Alvin Floyd Crowder (January 11, 1899 – April 3, 1972), nicknamed "General", was an American right-handed pitcher in Major League Baseball who played eleven seasons in the American League with the Washington Senators, the St. Louis Browns, and the Detroit Tigers. In 402 career games, Crowder pitched 2344.1 innings and posted a win-loss record of 167–115, with 150 complete games, 16 shutouts, and a 4.12 earned run average (ERA).Burgess Whitehead
Burgess Urquhart "Whitey" Whitehead (June 29, 1910 – November 25, 1993) was a Major League Baseball second baseman from 1933 to 1946. He played for the St. Louis Cardinals, New York Giants, and Pittsburgh Pirates.Chick Fullis
Charles Philip "Chick" Fullis (February 27, 1904 – March 28, 1946) was a professional baseball player. He played all or part of eight seasons in Major League Baseball for the New York Giants (1928–32), Philadelphia Phillies (1933–34) and St. Louis Cardinals (1934, 1936), primarily as a center fielder. Fullis batted and threw right-handed.
Born in Girardville, Pennsylvania, Fullis posted a .295 batting average with 12 home runs and 167 RBI in 590 games played during his career. He was a member of the Cardinals' 1934 World Series winners. Fullis was forced to retire at age 33 due to eye trouble.Fullis' best season statistically came in 1933, the only season during his career in which he exceeded 100 games played. That year, he led the National League in at bats (647) and singles (162) while posting a .309 batting average with 200 hits, 91 runs, 45 RBI, 31 doubles and 18 stolen bases—all career highs. He also led all NL outfielders with 410 putouts.
Fullis died in Ashland, Pennsylvania, at the age of 42.Flint Rhem
Charles Flint Rhem (January 24, 1901 – July 30, 1969), born in Rhems, South Carolina, was a pitcher for the St. Louis Cardinals (1924–28, 1930–32, 1934 and 1936), Philadelphia Phillies (1932–33) and Boston Braves (1934–35).
He helped the Cardinals win the 1926 World Series, 1931 World Series, and 1934 World Series and 1928 and 1930 National League pennants.
He finished 8th in voting for the 1926 National League MVP for having a 20–7 Win–loss record, 34 Games, 34 Games Started, 20 Complete Games, 1 Shutout, 258 Innings Pitched, 241 Hits Allowed, 121 Runs Allowed, 92 Earned Runs Allowed, 12 Home Runs Allowed, 75 Walks Allowed, 72 Strikeouts, 1 Hit Batsmen, 5 Wild Pitches, 1,068 Batters Faced, 1 Balk and a 3.21 ERA.
In 12 seasons he had a 105–97 Win–Loss record, 294 Games, 229 Games Started, 91 Complete Games, 8 Shutouts, 41 Games Finished, 10 Saves, 1,725 ⅓ Innings Pitched, 1,958 Hits Allowed, 989 Runs Allowed, 805 Earned Runs Allowed, 113 Home Runs Allowed, 529 Walks Allowed, 534 Strikeouts, 20 Hit Batsmen, 33 Wild Pitches, 7,516 Batters Faced, 4 Balks and a 4.20 ERA.
Rhem died in Columbia, South Carolina at the age of 68.Francis Healy (baseball)
Francis Xavier Paul Healy (June 29, 1910 – February 12, 1997) was a Major League Baseball catcher who played in parts of four seasons for the New York Giants and St. Louis Cardinals. He made it into 15 games for the 1934 World Series winners, mostly as a pinch hitter, but did not play in the series.
Healy is the uncle of former MLB catcher and current broadcaster Fran Healy.Frank Doljack
Frank Joseph "Dolie" Doljack (October 5, 1907 – January 28, 1948) was a player in Major League Baseball.
Frank started playing ball on Cleveland sandlots. He won the Babe Ruth Home Run Trophy in Class D in 1928. In 1929, while also playing winter ball in the Coast League, he signed on with the Tigers. He played outfielder for the Detroit Tigers in the thirties. He played in the 1934 World Series. Frank also played basketball, was an expert swimmer, and hunted in northern Michigan in the off season. His four brothers all played baseball too. He was a manager for the boxer Lloyd Marshall.
Frank died in 1948 due to a weakened heart from childhood rheumatic fever.Gashouse Gang
The Gashouse Gang was the nickname of the baseball team the St. Louis Cardinals in 1934. The team won 95 games, the National League pennant, and the 1934 World Series in seven games over the Detroit Tigers.
Some baseball writers use the nickname to refer to a multi-year period. For example, Jack Cavanaugh has used the phrase, "the raucous Gas House era in the 1930s."Jack Rothrock
Jack Houston Rothrock (March 14, 1905 – February 2, 1980) was a utility player in Major League Baseball who played for four teams between the 1925 and 1937 seasons. Listed at 5 ft 11 in (1.80 m), 165 lb., Rothrock was a switch-hitter who threw right-handed. He was born in Long Beach, California.
Rothrock was a line drive hitter and aggressive baserunner. He entered the majors in 1925 with the Boston Red Sox, playing for them through the 1932 midseason before joining the Chicago White Sox (1932), St. Louis Cardinals (1934–1935) and Philadelphia Athletics (1935, 1937). In 1927 was considered in the American League MVP vote, then in 1928 played all nine positions, plus pinch-hitting and pinch-running duties. He became just the second American League player ever to play all nine positions in one season.
Rothrock hit a career-high .300 with 23 stolen bases for the 1929 Red Sox, then in 1933 hit .278 with 39 extra-base hits and a .343 on-base percentage. His most productive season came with the 1934 National League champions Cardinals, when he posted career-numbers in home runs (11), runs (106), and RBI (72), while hitting .284 with a .336 OBP and leading the league with 154 games played. He also led the victorious Cardinals with six RBI in the 1934 World Series.
In an 11-season career, Rothrock was a .276 hitter (924-for-3350) with 28 home runs and 327 RBI in 1014 games, including 498 runs, 162 doubles, 35 triples, 75 stolen bases, and a .336 OBP. In 868 fielding appearances, he played at center field (194), left field (138), right field (311), shortstop (78), second base (63), third base (48) and first base (38), as well as a catcher (1) and pitcher (1). Rothrock died at the age of 74 in San Bernardino, California.Jim Lindsey (baseball)
James Kendrick Lindsey (born January 24, 1898, in Greensburg, Louisiana; died October 25, 1963 in Jackson, Louisiana) was an American Major League Baseball pitcher from 1922 to 1937. He helped the Cardinals win the 1930 National League pennant and win the 1931 World Series and 1934 World Series.
In 9 seasons Lindsey had a 21–20 Win–Loss record, 177 Games, 20 Games Started, 5 Complete Games, 1 Shutout, 80 Games Finished, 19 Saves, 431 Innings Pitched, 507 Hits, 261 Runs, 225 Earned Runs, 25 Home Runs Allowed, 176 Walks Allowed, 175 Strikeouts, 12 Hit Batsmen, 9 Wild Pitches, 1,943 Batters Faced, 3 Balks and a 4.70 ERA.
In 1938, he was one of three managers of the Dayton Ducks of the Middle Atlantic League.
He died in Jackson, Louisiana at the age of 65.Kiki Cuyler
Hazen Shirley "Kiki" Cuyler (; August 30, 1898 – February 11, 1950) was a Major League Baseball right fielder from 1921 until 1938 who later was inducted in the Baseball Hall of Fame. Cuyler established a reputation as an outstanding hitter with great speed. He regularly batted .350 or higher and finished with a .321 lifetime batting average. In 1925 Cuyler hit 18 home runs with 102 RBI. Cuyler's Pirates won the World Series that year, the only time in his career that he contributed to a World Series winner.Lew Riggs
Lewis Sidney Riggs (April 22, 1910 – August 12, 1975) born in Caswell County, North Carolina was a third baseman for the St. Louis Cardinals (1934), Cincinnati Reds (1935–40) and Brooklyn Dodgers (1941–42 and 1946).
He helped the Cardinals win the 1934 World Series, the Reds win the 1939 National League pennant and 1940 World Series and the Dodgers win the 1941 NL pennant. He was named to the 1936 National League All-Star team.
His eighth-inning pinch single off Red Ruffing scored teammate Cookie Lavagetto in the opening game of the 1941 World Series, before Ruffing and the New York Yankees held on for a 3-2 victory.
Riggs never quite achieved the same level in his baseball career after leaving the Dodgers in 1942 in order to serve his country in the Army Air Force during World War II.
In 10 seasons he played in 760 Games and had 2,477 At Bats, 298 Runs, 650 Hits, 110 Doubles, 43 Triples, 28 Home Runs, 271 RBI, 22 Stolen Bases, 181 Walks, .262 Batting Average, .317 On-base percentage, .375 Slugging Percentage, 930 Total Bases and 37 Sacrifice Hits.
He died of cancer in Durham, North Carolina at the age of 65. He was survived by his wife of 30 years, Nellie Dace Hornaday Riggs.List of St. Louis Cardinals in the Baseball Hall of Fame
The St. Louis Cardinals, a Major League baseball (MLB) franchise based in St. Louis, Missouri, have competed in the National League (NL) since 1892, and in the American Association (AA) from 1882 to 1891. They have won 11 World Series titles, one additional interleague championship and were co-champions (tied) in another prior to the modern World Series. Known as the Cardinals from 1900 to the present, the St. Louis franchise were also known as the Brown Stockings (1882), Browns (1883–98), and Perfectos (1899). A total of 37 players and other personnel associated with the Cardinals have been inducted into the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum in Cooperstown, New York.
The first former Cardinals players to be inducted into Baseball Hall of Fame were John McGraw and Cy Young in 1937, the second year of the Museum's annual balloting. Rogers Hornsby was the first to be inducted as Cardinal, which occurred in 1942. Of the 37 former Cardinals elected to the Hall of Fame, 17 have been inducted as Cardinals and nine with the Cardinals logo on their cap. The latest former Cardinals personnel to be inducted were Tony La Russa and Joe Torre, which occurred in 2014.
In addition, two separate awards – the Ford Frick Award and J. G. Taylor Spink Award – while not conferring the status of enshrining their recipients as members of the Hall of Fame, honor the works of a total of six sportswriters and broadcasters in connection with their coverage of the Cardinals. The Cardinals also have a franchise hall of fame known as the St. Louis Cardinals Hall of Fame Museum located within Ballpark Village adjacent to Busch Stadium, the Cardinals' home stadium.Marv Owen
Marvin James Owen (March 22, 1906 – June 22, 1991) was an American baseball player, manager, coach and scout.
A native of northern California, Owen played both baseball and football at Santa Clara University. He made his Major League Baseball debut in 1931, but spent the 1932 season in the International League where he was named the league's Most Valuable Player. He returned to the Tigers in 1933, became part of Detroit's "Battalion of Death" infield, and remained the team's starting third baseman from 1933 to 1937. He had his best season in 1934 when he compiled a .317 batting average with 98 RBIs. He was involved in a fight with Joe Medwick during the final game of the 1934 World Series that led to a near riot and Medwick's ejection from the game.
In December 1937, Owen was traded to the Chicago White Sox where he played in 1938 and 1939 and compiled a career-high 305 assists in 1938. In December 1939, he was sold to the Boston Red Sox where he concluded his major league career during the 1940 season. During his nine-year career in Major League Baseball, Owen compiled a .275 batting average and .339 on-base percentage, appeared in 1,011 games, and totaled 1,388 total bases, 1,040 hits, 499 RBIs, 474 runs scored, 338 bases on balls, and 242 extra base hits.
Owen later served as a minor league manager for 11 years for the Portland Beavers (1944–1946), San Jose Red Sox (1947–1951), Davenport Tigers (1952), Durham Bulls (1953), and Valdosta Tigers (1954). He was also a scout for the Detroit Tigers until retiring in the 1970s.Schoolboy Rowe
Lynwood Thomas "Schoolboy" Rowe (January 11, 1910 – January 8, 1961) was an American right-handed pitcher in Major League Baseball, primarily for the Detroit Tigers (1932–42) and Philadelphia Phillies (1943, 1946–49). He was a three-time All-Star (1935, 1936 & 1947), and a member of three Tigers' World Series teams (1934, 1935 & 1940).Spud Davis
Virgil Lawrence "Spud" Davis (December 20, 1904 – August 14, 1984) was an American professional baseball player, coach, scout and manager. He played in Major League Baseball as a catcher for the St. Louis Cardinals, Philadelphia Phillies, Cincinnati Reds, and Pittsburgh Pirates. Davis' .308 career batting average ranks fourth all-time among major league catchers.Terry Moore (baseball)
Terry Bluford Moore (May 27, 1912 – March 29, 1995) was an American professional baseball center fielder, manager, and coach. He played for the St. Louis Cardinals (1935–1942, 1946–1948), and later coached for them (1949–1952, 1956–1958). Moore managed the 1954 Philadelphia Phillies, taking the reins from Steve O’Neill, for the second half of the season.
|Wild card titles|
|All Star Games hosted|
|Minor league affiliates|
|American League pennants (11)|
|Division titles (7)|
|Wild card berths (1)|
St. Louis Cardinals 1934 World Series champions
|AL Championship Series|
|NL Championship Series|
|AL Division Series|
|NL Division Series|