1934 Cincinnati Reds season

The 1934 Cincinnati Reds season was a season in American baseball. The team finished eighth and last in the National League with a record of 52–99, 42 games behind the St. Louis Cardinals. Their .344 winning percentage remains the lowest in franchise history since 1900, and the 99 losses were the worst in the franchise history until the 1982 Reds lost 101 games. Because the schedule did not have 162 games at this time, and the Reds only won 52 games this season compared to 1982, when they lost 101 games, when at the same time winning 61 games, nine more than this team, the 1934 Reds are actually a weaker team than the 1982 team, thus making this team the worst in franchise history overall.

1934 Cincinnati Reds
Major League affiliations
Location
Other information
Owner(s)Powel Crosley, Jr.
General manager(s)Larry MacPhail
Manager(s)Bob O'Farrell, Burt Shotton, Chuck Dressen
Local radioWFBE
(Harry Hartman)
WKRC
(C.O. "Oatmeal" Brown)
WSAI
(Red Barber)
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Off-season

In February 1934, Powel Crosley Jr. purchased the Cincinnati Reds Sidney Weil to become the owner of the ballclub. Crosley kept the team from going bankrupt and possibly leaving Cincinnati. After Crosley purchased the club, team general manager Larry MacPhail insisted that Redland Field be renamed in honor of the man who had saved the team. The park was renamed Crosley Field, and Crosley himself took the opportunity to advertise his Crosley cars.

After purchasing the team, Crosley hired Red Barber as the Reds play-by-play commentator on WSAI.

Following the 1933 season, the club fired manager Donie Bush after a 58-94 season. The Reds did not name a replacement until later in the off-season.

On November 15, 1933, the Reds traded second baseman George Grantham to the New York Giants in exchange for pitcher Glenn Spencer. Spencer had a record of 0-2 with a 5.13 ERA in 17 games with the Giants in 1933. He previously pitched with the Pittsburgh Pirates, and led the league in games finished in 1930 with 22.

Two days later, on November 17, Cincinnati traded away pitcher Red Lucas and outfielder Wally Roettger to the Pittsburgh Pirates for outfielder Adam Comorosky and second baseman Tony Piet. Lucas, who had been with the Reds since 1926, earned a record of 109-99 and a 3.64 ERA in 257 games with the team. He led the National League in complete games on three occasions (1929, 1931 and 1932), and led the league in shutouts in 1928. Comorosky played in 64 games with the Pirates in 1933, hitting .284 with a home run and 15 RBI. His best season was in 1930, when Comorosky hit .313 with 12 home runs, 119 RBI and leading the league with 23 triples and 33 sacrifice bunts. Piet had an average of .323 with a home run and 42 RBI in 107 games with Pittsburgh in 1933.

Less than a week later, on November 23, the Reds selected shortstop Gordon Slade off of waivers from the St. Louis Cardinals. Slade struggled in 1933, hitting .113 with 3 RBI in 39 games.

In December, Cincinnati purchased pitcher Joe Shaute from the Brooklyn Dodgers. Shaute had a 3-4 record with a 4.29 ERA in 41 games with Brooklyn in 1933.

On December 20, the club acquired infielder Mark Koenig from the Chicago Cubs in exchange for infielders Irv Jeffries and Otto Bluege. Koenig hit .284 with three home runs and 25 RBI in 80 games with Chicago. Koenig was a two time World Series champion, as he was part of the 1927 and 1928 New York Yankees.

On January 11, the Reds traded away recently acquired Glenn Spencer to the St. Louis Cardinals for catcher Bob O'Farrell and pitcher Syl Johnson. The Reds then named O'Farrell as the player/manager of the team. O'Farrell had previous player/managerial experience, as he led the Cardinals to a 92-61 and a second place finish in the National League in 1927. As a player, O'Farrell hit .239 with two home runs and 20 RBI in 55 games in 1933. O'Farrell was named the National League Most Valuable Player in 1926. Johnson finished the previous season with a 5-9 record with a 3.46 ERA in 44 games.

On February 6, Cincinnati selected pitcher Dazzy Vance off of waivers from the St. Louis Cardinals. Vance, who would turn 43 before the season began, had a 6-2 record with a 3.55 ERA in 28 games with the Cardinals in 1933. Vance played with the Brooklyn Dodgers from 1922-1932, during which he led the National League in strikeouts in seven consecutive seasons (1922-1928), wins twice (28 in 1924, 22 in 1925), ERA three times (2.16 in 1924, 2.09 in 1928, and 2.61 in 1930), shutouts four times (1922, 1925, 1928, and 1930) and complete games two times (1924 and 1927). Vance was the National League Most Valuable Player in 1924.

In March, the team purchased pitcher Don Brennan from the New York Yankees. Brennan was 5-1 with a 4.98 ERA in 18 games during his rookie season in 1933 with New York.

Regular season

The rebuilding Reds struggled to begin the season, winning only five of their first 24 games to quickly find themselves in last place. On May 16, Cincinnati traded pitcher Syl Johnson and outfielder Johnny Moore to the Philadelphia Phillies for pitcher Ted Kleinhans, outfielder Art Ruble and outfielder Wes Schulmerich. Less than a week later, the Reds traded Ruble to the Oakland Oaks of the Pacific Coast League for outfielder Harlin Pool. By the end of May, Cincinnati had a record of 8-27 and was 15.5 games behind the St. Louis Cardinals for first place.

The Reds played better baseball in June, posting a 13-16 record during the month, however, Cincinnati remained in last place with a 21-43 record, 19.5 games behind the pennant leading New York Giants. On June 25, the Reds lost pitcher Dazzy Vance to the St. Louis Cardinals off of waivers.

In July, Cincinnati acquired infielder Alex Kampouris from the Sacramento Senators of the Pacific Coast League. Kampouris had a .277 average with 19 home runs with the Senators at the time of the trade.

On July 27, player/manager Bob O'Farrell asked and was granted his release from the team after the team had a record of 30-60. Coach Burt Shotton was named the interim manager for one game. After a win of 11-2 over the Chicago Cubs on July 28, the Reds named former player Chuck Dressen as manager. Dressen played with Cincinnati from 1925-1931, hitting .273 with 11 home runs and 218 RBI in 630 games. Dressen had previously managed the Nashville Vols of the Southern Association since 1932, although he briefly left the Vols to play with the New York Giants late in the 1933 season.

Under Dressen, the Reds continued to struggle, as in 60 games as manager, the team had a 21-39 record. Overall, Cincinnati finished the season with a 52-99 record, and finished in last place for the fourth consecutive season. The 52 wins tied the 1901 club for the fewest in a season in club history, while the 99 losses and .344 winning percentage were the worst in team history.

Outfielder Harlin Pool, who was acquired by the Reds during the season, led the team with a .327 batting average while hitting two home runs and 50 RBI in 99 games. Outfielder Chick Hafey hit .293 with a team high 18 home runs in 140 games. First baseman Jim Bottomley hit .284 with 11 home runs, a team high 78 RBI and 11 triples, in 142 games.

Paul Derringer led the Reds pitching staff, earning a record of 15-21 with a 3.59 ERA in 47 games. He led the Reds with 122 strikeouts and 18 complete games. Benny Frey earned a record of 11-16 with a team best 3.52 ERA in 39 games. Si Johnson led the NL in losses, as he was 7-22 with a 5.22 ERA in 46 games. Johnson had also previously led the NL in losses in 1931.

Season standings

National League W L Pct. GB Home Road
St. Louis Cardinals 95 58 0.621 48–29 47–29
New York Giants 93 60 0.608 2 49–26 44–34
Chicago Cubs 86 65 0.570 8 47–30 39–35
Boston Braves 78 73 0.517 16 40–35 38–38
Pittsburgh Pirates 74 76 0.493 19½ 45–32 29–44
Brooklyn Dodgers 71 81 0.467 23½ 43–33 28–48
Philadelphia Phillies 56 93 0.376 37 35–36 21–57
Cincinnati Reds 52 99 0.344 42 30–47 22–52

Record vs. opponents

1934 National League Records

Sources: [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8]
Team BOS BR CHC CIN NYG PHI PIT STL
Boston 16–6–1 12–10 15–7 7–15 14–8 9–11 5–16
Brooklyn 6–16–1 8–12 13–9 8–14 13–9 16–6 7–15
Chicago 10–12 12–8 14–8 11–10 13–9 14–8–1 12–10
Cincinnati 7–15 9–13 8–14 6–16 9–10 7–15 6–16–1
New York 15–7 14–8 10–11 16–6 15–7 14–8 9–13
Philadelphia 8–14 9–13 9–13 10–9 7–15 7–13 6–16
Pittsburgh 11–9 6–16 8–14–1 15–7 8–14 13–7 13–9
St. Louis 16–5 15–7 10–12 16–6–1 13–9 16–6 9–13

Roster

1934 Cincinnati Reds
Roster
Pitchers Catchers

Infielders

Outfielders

Other batters

Manager

Coaches

Player stats

Batting

Starters by position

Note: Pos = Position; G = Games played; AB = At bats; H = Hits; Avg. = Batting average; HR = Home runs; RBI = Runs batted in

Pos Player G AB H Avg. HR RBI
C Ernie Lombardi 132 417 127 .305 9 62
1B Jim Bottomley 142 556 158 .284 11 78
2B Tony Piet 106 421 109 .259 1 38
3B Mark Koenig 151 633 172 .272 1 67
SS Gordon Slade 138 555 158 .285 4 52
OF Chick Hafey 140 535 157 .293 18 67
OF Adam Comorosky 127 446 115 .258 0 40
OF Harlin Pool 99 358 117 .327 2 50

Other batters

Note: G = Games played; AB = At bats; H = Hits; Avg. = Batting average; HR = Home runs; RBI = Runs batted in

Player G AB H Avg. HR RBI
Bob O'Farrell 44 123 30 .244 1 9
Johnny Moore 16 42 8 .190 0 5
Bill Marshall 6 8 1 .125 0 0
Tony Robello 2 2 0 .000 0 0

Pitching

Starting pitchers

Note: G = Games pitched; IP = Innings pitched; W = Wins; L = Losses; ERA = Earned run average; SO = Strikeouts

Player G IP W L ERA SO
Paul Derringer 47 261 15 21 3.59 122
Benny Frey 39 245.1 11 16 3.52 33

Other pitchers

Note: G = Games pitched; IP = Innings pitched; W = Wins; L = Losses; ERA = Earned run average; SO = Strikeouts

Player G IP W L ERA SO
Tony Freitas 30 152.2 6 12 4.01 37
Don Brennan 28 78 4 3 3.81 31
Dazzy Vance 6 18 0 2 7.50 9
Whitey Wistert 2 8 0 1 1.13 1
Lee Grissom 4 7 0 1 15.43 4

Relief pitchers

Note: G = Games pitched; W = Wins; L = Losses; SV = Saves; ERA = Earned run average; SO = Strikeouts

Player G W L SV ERA SO
Larry Benton 16 0 1 2 6.52 5
Junie Barnes 2 0 0 0 0.00 0
Sherman Edwards 1 0 0 0 3.00 1

Farm system

Level Team League Manager
AA Toronto Maple Leafs International League Ike Boone
A Topeka Senators Western League Art Ewoldt and Jimmy Payton
B Wilmington Pirates Piedmont League Blackie Carter and Harry McCurdy
C Beckley Black Knights Middle Atlantic League Milt Stock
C Bartlesville Reds Western Association Marty Purtell
D Mt. Airy Graniteers Bi-State League Cecil Harris and C. G. Thomas
D Jeannette Reds Pennsylvania State Association Ray Ryan

LEAGUE CHAMPIONS: Toronto[1]

References

  1. ^ Johnson, Lloyd, and Wolff, Miles, ed., The Encyclopedia of Minor League Baseball, 3rd edition. Durham, North Carolina: Baseball America, 2007

External links

1934 Cincinnati Reds (NFL) season

The 1934 Cincinnati Reds season was their second and final in the league. The team failed to improve on their previous output of 3–6–1, losing eight games. They failed to qualify for the playoffs for the second consecutive season. The team was shut out in six of their eight games, losing 64–0 in Week 8 and folding as a franchise.

The 1934 Reds surrendered 6.40 rushing yards per attempt, the worst figure in professional football history. They are the only team in NFL history to surrender more than five yards per carry.

The team was purchased by the St. Louis Gunners, who finished out the remainder of the Reds' schedule.

Sparky Adams

Earl John "Sparky" Adams (August 26, 1894 – February 24, 1989) was a professional Major League Baseball player who played with the Chicago Cubs, Pittsburgh Pirates, St. Louis Cardinals, and Cincinnati Reds.

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