The Fifteenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau one month from April 1, 1930, determined the resident population of the United States to be 122,775,046, an increase of 13.7 percent over the 106,021,537 persons enumerated during the 1920 Census.
of the United States
U.S. Census Bureau Seal
Indian Census Roll
|Date taken||April 1, 1930|
|Most populous state||New York|
|Least populous state||Nevada|
The 1930 Census collected the following information:
Full documentation for the 1930 census, including census forms and enumerator instructions, is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series.
The original census enumeration sheets were microfilmed by the Census Bureau in 1949; after which the original sheets were destroyed. The microfilmed census is located on 2,667 rolls of microfilm, and available from the National Archives and Records Administration. Several organizations also host images of the microfilmed census online, and digital indices.
Microdata from the 1930 census are freely available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System.
|x||District of Columbia||486,869|
|01||New York||New York||6,930,446||Northeast|
|14||Washington||District of Columbia||486,869||South|
|23||Jersey City||New Jersey||316,715||Northeast|
|59||Salt Lake City||Utah||140,267||West|
The 1932 United States House of Representatives elections in Virginia were held on November 8, 1932 to determine who will represent the Commonwealth of Virginia in the United States House of Representatives. Representatives are elected for two-year terms. Virginia had only nine seats in the House, losing a seat due to re-apportionment following the 1930 United States Census. This election was unique because all Representatives were elected at-large instead of the previously used electoral district system. However, this idea was not popular and the state returned to using electoral districts in the next election.1932 United States elections
The 1932 United States elections was held on November 8, during the Great Depression. The presidential election coincided with U.S. Senate, U.S. House, and gubernatorial elections in several states. The election marked the end of the Fourth Party System and the start of the Fifth Party System. The election is widely considered to be a realigning election, and the newly established Democratic New Deal coalition experienced much more success than their predecessors had in the Fourth Party System.Democratic New York Governor Franklin D. Roosevelt defeated Republican incumbent President Herbert Hoover. Roosevelt won in a landslide, and Hoover only won six Northeastern states. Roosevelt's victory was the first by a Democratic candidate since Woodrow Wilson won re-election in 1916. Roosevelt took his party's nomination on the fourth ballot, defeating 1928 nominee Al Smith and Speaker of the House John Nance Garner.
The Republicans suffered massive defeats in both congressional chambers with many seats switching to Democratic control. Democrats gained ninety-seven seats in the House of Representatives, increasing their majority over the Republicans (and achieving a House supermajority). The Democrats also took control of the Senate, gaining twelve seats from the Republicans. Republicans had controlled the chamber since their electoral success in 1918.The election took place after the 1930 United States Census and the subsequent Congressional re-apportionment. The Reapportionment Act of 1929 provided a permanent method of apportioning 435 House seats; previously, Congress had had to pass apportionment legislation after each census.1934 United States House of Representatives elections in Virginia
The 1934 United States House of Representatives elections in Virginia were held on November 6, 1934 to determine who will represent the Commonwealth of Virginia in the United States House of Representatives. Virginia had nine seats in the House, apportioned according to the 1930 United States Census. Representatives are elected for two-year terms. This election was notable for the state's return to electoral district voting after briefly experimenting with electing all Representatives at-large in the previous election.1936 United States House of Representatives elections in Virginia
The 1936 United States House of Representatives elections in Virginia were held on November 3, 1936 to determine who will represent the Commonwealth of Virginia in the United States House of Representatives. Virginia had nine seats in the House, apportioned according to the 1930 United States Census. Representatives are elected for two-year terms.1938 United States House of Representatives elections in Virginia
The 1938 United States House of Representatives elections in Virginia were held on November 8, 1938 to determine who would represent the Commonwealth of Virginia in the United States House of Representatives. Virginia had nine seats in the House, apportioned according to the 1930 United States Census. (Representatives are elected for two-year terms.)1940 United States House of Representatives elections in Virginia
The 1940 United States House of Representatives elections in Virginia were held on November 5, 1940 to determine who will represent the Commonwealth of Virginia in the United States House of Representatives. Virginia had nine seats in the House, apportioned according to the 1930 United States Census. Representatives are elected for two-year terms.Albert Wittmer
Albert Wittmer Jr. (March 9, 1897 – March 10, 1950) was an American football and basketball player and coach, lawyer, and state legislator. He was a native of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, who attended Allegheny High School and Mercersburg Academy. His father, Albert Wittmer, Sr., was a Pennsylvania native who worked as a butcher in a slaughterhouse. At the time of the 1910 United States Census, Wittmer lived in Pittsburgh with his parents, two younger brothers and a younger sister. Wittmer attended Westminster College for one year before enrolling at Princeton University. Wittmer's education was interrupted by military service, as he served in the United States Navy during World War I. Wittmer played college football and basketball at Princeton. He played at the halfback and center positions in football and the guard position in basketball and was selected as the captain of the basketball team in 1921.After graduating from Princeton, he served as the head coach of the Princeton Tigers men's basketball team for 10 years from 1922 to 1932. His record of 115–86 ranks him as the third winningest basketball coach in Princeton history. His 1924–25 team was retroactively named the national champion by the Helms Athletic Foundation and the Premo-Porretta Power Poll. Wittmer also served as the line coach for the Princeton Tigers football team for nine years from 1922 to 1930. In 1931, he was asked to take over as the head football coach and compiled a record in that capacity of 1–7. After retiring from coaching, Wittmer received a law degree from the University of Pennsylvania. He served in the New Jersey State Legislature in the early 1930s and later practiced law in Princeton, New Jersey. At the time of the 1930 United States Census, Wittmer was living in Princeton, New Jersey, with his wife, Leah Wittmer, and their daughter Mary (age 1-10/12) and Margaret (age 3-11/12). His profession at that time was listed as a lawyer in general practice. He died suddenly after suffering a heart attack at his sister's home following a party celebrating his 53rd birthday. He had been living with his sister since poor health had caused him to retire.Benjamin Milam Teekell
For another Louisiana state representative, see Lloyd George Teekell.Benjamin Milam Teekell, also known as B. M. Teekell (October 20, 1867 – October 28, 1942), was a Democratic member of the Louisiana House of Representatives from Red River Parish, Louisiana, from 1920 to 1928, with service during the administrations of Governors John M. Parker, Henry Fuqua, and Oramel H. Simpson.Prior to his state House tenure, Teekell was a member of the Red River Parish School Board from then Ward 7.A native of rural Melder in Rapides Parish in Central Louisiana, Teekell was the sixth of ten children of Nehemiah Teekell (1818-1911) and the former Lenora E. Gill (1833-1904). He was first married to the former Nancy Elmira Coody (1869-1918), by whom he had four children. After Nancy's death he married the former Chloe Josephine McDonald, who was twenty-nine years his junior. In the 1930 United States Census, Teekell and his second wife and their two children, Milam Judson Teekell (1920-1966) and Ollie Jo Teekell, later Ollie Manasco (1922-2001), were living in Many in Sabine Parish. After Teekell's death, Josephine, known as "Josie", married a man named "Hatfield" and lived in Shreveport. Teekell's youngest son, Milam, a retired United States Army captain, was killed in an automobile accident in Shreveport at the age of forty-six.Teekell died in Red River Parish eight days after his 75th birthday. He is interred with other Teekell family members at the rural Hand Cemetery in Red River Parish.Estelle Harris
Estelle Harris (née Nussbaum; April 4, 1928) is an American actress and comedian. Easily recognized by her distinctive, high-pitched voice, she is best known for her roles as Estelle Costanza on Seinfeld, the voice of Mrs. Potato Head in the Toy Story franchise, and Muriel on The Suite Life of Zack & Cody.Fred Cozens
Frederick Warren Cozens (November 17, 1890 – January 2, 1954) was an American college basketball, football, and boxing coach. He was the first head coach of both basketball and football at UCLA and served as the school's athletic director from 1919 to 1942.
Cozens was born in Portland, Oregon in 1890. His father, Frederick Cozens (born 1849), was emigrated from England in 1870 and became a salesman at a hardware store in Portland. His mother Carrie E. (Beharrell) Cozens was born in Indiana in 1858. Cozens had an older sister, Ella M. Cozens, born in 1884. He received bachelor's and master's degrees from the University of California in 1915 and 1918, respectively, and a Ph.D. at the University of Oregon in 1928.Cozens was employed by the University of California for nearly 40 years. He began as a teaching fellow and physical education instructor at Berkeley from 1915 to 1919. In June 1917, he was employed as an instructor of physical education at the University of California at Berkeley, California.In 1919, Cozens moved to the Southern Branch of the University of California, now known as UCLA, where he served as the Director of Physical Education and Athletics and professor of physical education from 1919 to 1942. He became the first head coach of the Southern Branch men's basketball and football teams in 1919. Cozens remained the Southern Branch's basketball coach through 1921 and guided them to a 20–4 record. His Southern Branch football teams compiled a 2–6 record. The Southern Branch did not participate in an athletic conference until 1920, so the 1919 football team played a schedule full of local high schools and other assorted teams. Cozens also served as the dean of UCLA's college of Applied Arts from 1939 to 1942.At the time of the 1920 United States Census, Cozens was living in Los Angeles with his wife Helen J. Cozens and one-and-a-half year old son, Federick K. Cozens. Cozens' occupation was recorded as a professor at a university. At the time of the 1930 United States Census, Cozens was still living in Los Angeles with his wife, Helen. The couple had two sons, Frederick K. and James B. Cozens. Cozens' occupation was again listed as a professor at a university.Cozens returned to Berkeley in 1942 and served as a professor and director of physical education from 1942 to 1954. Cozens died in 1954 in Berkeley.George Turner (architect)
George Palmer Turner (November 8, 1896 – November 13, 1984) was an American architect principally known for his residential designs in Birmingham, Alabama. A native of Alabama, he studied architecture at the University of Pennsylvania and in France before returning to his home state. A number of his works are listed on the U.S. National Register of Historic Places. At the time of the 1930 United States Census, Turner was living in Birmingham, Alabama with his wife Dorothy Hays Turner (1896-1982) and their children Dorothy and George. Turner died in 1984 and is buried at Forest Hill Cemetery in Birmingham.Turner's works include:
One or more works in Belview Heights Historic District, roughly along 41st, 42nd, 43rd, 44th, and 45th Streets, and M and Martin Avenues, Birmingham, Alabama, NRHP-listed
One or more works in Howard College Estates Historic District, roughly along 77th Way, 77th Place, Vanderbilt Street, 8th Court, 8th, Rugby, and Belmont Avenues, Birmingham, Alabama, NRHP-listed
One or more works in Lakewood Historic District, roughly bounded by Lee Avenue, 82nd Street, Spring Street, and 80th Street, Birmingham, Alabama, NRHP-listed
One or more works in South East Lake Historic District, roughly Bounded by 78th, and 8th Streets, and Division, First, Second, and Fifth Avenues, Birmingham, Alabama, NRHP-listed
Seven Gables, 650 Gilmer Avenue, Tallassee, AlabamaHistory of the Russians in Baltimore
The history of the Russians in Baltimore dates back to the mid-19th century. The Russian community is a growing population and constitutes a major source of new immigrants to the city. Historically the Russian community was centered in East Baltimore, but most Russians now live in Northwest Baltimore's Arlington neighborhood and in Baltimore's suburb of Pikesville.J. W. Knibbs
John William "Billy" Knibbs, Jr. (November 8, 1880 – July 5, 1953) was an American football player and coach.
Knibbs was born in Massachusetts on November 8, 1880. He attended Dartmouth College from which he graduated in 1905. He played on the Dartmouth Big Green football team from 1901 to 1904, and was the team captain in his senior year.
After graduating from Dartmouth, he was hired to serve as the head football coach at the University of California, Berkeley for the 1905 college football season. He led the team to a record of 4–1–2 in his only year as the coach. An account written by a student described Knibbs' coaching style as follows:"All hopes and fears of our University are now bound up in the coming Stanford-California football game. We are lying very low and keeping very quiet, as the policy of our Eastern coach, Knibbs, of Dartmouth, is most conservative. Most of the practising is secret, and the field is closed to all save the squad except two afternoons of each week. The work his [sic] year has been tackled in a serious, dogged style by all those out; this alone has won much respect for our new coach."
After retiring from football, Knibbs had a lengthy career with the Otis Elevator Company. In 1909, he was employed by Otis at St. Louis, Missouri. At the time of the 1910 United States Census, he was living in Denver, Colorado, with his wife, Marion (age 29), and their daughter, Olive (age 1-8/12). He was employed as a manager for an elevator manufacturing company. In 1915, he was employed as an Otis salesman in San Francisco. In 1918, he was a western selling agent for Otis Elevator Company. In a draft registration card completed in September 1918, Knibbs indicated he was living in Winchester, Massachusetts, and working as an elevator salesman for the Otis Elevator Co. in Boston. At the time of the 1920 United States Census, he was living in Mount Vernon, New York with his wife, Marion, and their two children, Olive (age 11) and John (age 9). He was employed as a salesman for a contracting business. At the time of the 1930 United States Census, he was living in Mount Vernon, New York with his wife, Marion, and their two children, Olive (age 21) and John. W., Jr. (age 17). He was employed as an elevator salesman. He died at a hospital in Mount Vernon on July 5, 1953. His wife, Marion, had predeceased him in 1951. They were buried at Ferncliff Cemetery in Hartsdale, New York.
Knibbs' son, John W. Knibbs III, also played football at Dartmouth.Jesse R. Langley
Jesse Raymond Langley (July 23, 1877 – December 5, 1933) was an American football player and coach, patent attorney, and U.S. Army officer. He played football for the University of Michigan from 1904 to 1907. He was the head football coach at Texas Christian University from 1908 to 1909.
Langley was born in Kansas and raised in Oklahoma. At the time of the 1900 United States Census, he was living with his parents, Franklin and Charlotte Langley, on the family's farm in Woods County, Oklahoma. Before attending the University of Michigan, Lanley was a "critic teacher" in the preparatory department of Northwestern Oklahoma Normal School.Langley received a Bachelor of Science degree in electrical engineering from Michigan in 1908. While attending Michigan, he played football for Fielding H. Yost's Michigan Wolverines football team from 1904 to 1907.
Langley was the head football coach at Texas Christian University from 1908 to 1909. He compiled a record of 11–5–1 in his two seasons as the head coach.After retiring from football, Langley became a patent attorney. In 1912, he was employed as an assistant examiner at the U.S. Patent Office in Washington, D.C.. Langley worked in the patent department at Westinghouse Electric & Mfg. Co. for 14 years. He later accepted a similar position with Koppers Co., wherehe worked for six years.His career as a patent attorney was interrupted by military service during World War I. He served as a major in the infantry during the war and later held the rank of colonel in the Reserve Corps. During combat at the Golfe de Malancourt in France, he suffered machine gun wounds in both of his legs. According to one account, he had "both of his legs shattered by bullets from a German machine gun."At the time of the 1930 United States Census, Langley was living in Wilkinsburg, Pennsylvania with his wife, Margaret L. Langley, and was employed as an attorney in a law office. In December 1933, Langley died at his home in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania at age 56.John Gill (coach)
John W. Gill (November 27, 1898 – March 4, 1997) was an American football coach. Gill graduated from Western State Teachers College (now known as Western Michigan University) in 1924 and became an assistant football coach under head coach Mike Gary. At the time of the 1930 United States Census, Gill was living in Kalamazoo, Michigan, and his occupation was listed as a teacher at a college. In 1939, Gill recommended that the Western Michigan athletic teams change their mascot from "Hilltoppers" to "Broncos," and his suggestion was adopted by the school. Gill was awarded $10,000 for submitting the team's nickname, funds which he donated to the Waldo Stadium building fund. He was the head football coach at Western Michigan University for 11 years from 1942 to 1952. He compiled a record of 50–34–1 as head coach, and his best season was 1948 when he led the Broncos to a 6–3 record as his team outscored opponents 199 to 106. In 1952, Gill was appointed as the associated athletic director at Western Michigan. He continued to serve in that capacity until his retirement in 1969.Michigan's 15th congressional district
Michigan's 15th congressional district is an obsolete congressional district in the state of Michigan.
Historically, the district's politics have been dominated by the Dingell family since its creation after the 1930 United States Census. Its first congressman, John D. Dingell, Sr., was elected in 1932 and served until his death in 1955. His son, John, Jr. won a special election to succeed him.
The 15th district historically had left-of-center voting tendencies. Its last Cook PVI rating was D+13, meaning it supported Democratic candidates at a rate of 13 percentage points greater than the national average.
This district became obsolete for the 113th Congress in 2013 as congressional district lines were redrawn to accommodate the loss of the seat due to redistricting as a result of the 2010 Census. Most of the district's territory, including Ann Arbor and Dingell's home in Dearborn, became part of the new 12th district, which had previously been based in Oakland, and Macomb Counties.
Along with the 1st district and the now-defunct 16th district, the 15th has been historically frequently represented by politicians of Polish descent. Three of the district's six elected representatives (Dingell Jr. was elected twice and before that he was a representative from 16th district, which was later dissolved) have been Polish-Americans.Milton Olander
Milton Martin Olander (January 25, 1899 – December 30, 1961) was an American football player and coach.
Olander was born in 1899 at Rockford, Illinois. His father, Frank Olander, emigrated from Sweden in 1881 and became a saloon keeper in Rockford. His mother, Selma Olander, emigrated from Sweden in 1888. He had two older brothers, Carl (born May 1895) and Clarence (born April 1897).Olander graduated from Rockford High School, where he played on the football, basketball and track teams and was captain of the football team for two years. He next enrolled at the University of Illinois where he played at the tackle position for Robert Zuppke's Fighting Illini football teams from 1918 to 1921. The University of Illinois yearbook noted: "'Milt' was the leading factor in the Illini line. His steadiness characterized him as Zup's most heady player. This was his fourth season."
At the time of the 1920 United States Census, Olander was working as a laborer in a warehouse and living in Rockford with his mother, his older brother Clarence, and his younger sister Alice.After graduating from Illinois, Olander served as the head football coach at the Western State Normal School (now known as Western Michigan University) in 1922 and 1923. In his first year as a head coach, he led Western State to a perfect 6–0 record as his team outscored its opponents 160 to 0.In April 1924, Olander signed a contract to return to the University of Illinois as the freshman football coach. He served as an assistant football coach at Illinois through the 1934 season.At the time of the 1930 United States Census, Olander was living in Champaign, Illinois with his wife Mary S. Olander, daughter Suzanne Olander, and son Milton M. Olander, Jr. His occupation at that time was listed as an assistant coach for a university.In 1940, Olander was appointed as the head of the Athletic Board of Control at the University of Illinois.Olander lived in Sylvania, Ohio in his later years. He worked as the director of industrial relations for Owens-Illinois Glass Co. at Toledo, Ohio. In 1953, he was offered a position as an Assistant Secretary of Labor in the administration of President Dwight Eisenhower.Olander died in December 1961 at Toledo at the age of 62.Olander was one of the original members of the parks commission in Sylvania, Ohio. In recognition of his efforts, the city's park system is known as The Olander Park System. The city's largest park, Olander Park, and its lake, Lake Olander, are also named after him.Norman E. Brown
Norman Edgar Brown (October 10, 1890 – March 31, 1958) was an American sportswriter and sports editor for the Central Press Association.
Brown was born in Ohio in October 1890. At the time of the 1910 United States Census, Brown was living with his parents in Cleveland, Ohio, working as a newspaper reporter. By June 1917, he was the sporting editor of the Cleveland Press. At the time of the 1920 United States Census, Brown was married, and he and his wife (Emily Anna Winter Brown) were living in Lakewood, Ohio, where Brown was the managing editor of a newspaper.During the 1920s, Brown was the sports editor of the Central Press Association and wrote a regular sports column called "Fanning the Beehive" and "Sports Done Brown." He was also known for his annual college football All-American team selections. In 1926, he launched an effort to have the fans select the All-American team by taking a "country-wide poll of football followers."At the time of the 1930 United States Census, Brown was living in Lakewood, Ohio with his wife, and their daughter Emily Louise Brown; Brown remained employed at that time by the Central Press Association.In addition to his work as a newspaper reporter and editor, Brown was active in politics. He was the campaign publicist for U.S. Supreme Court Justice Harold Hitz Burton when he ran for mayor of Cleveland in 1935. He served in the same capacity for John W. Bricker for Governor of Ohio in 1939.In 1934, Brown moved to St. Petersburg, Florida. After moving to Florida, he became affiliated with the Derby Lane Greyhound Track, which he named. From 1942 to 1948, he was the manager of radio station WSUN in St. Petersburg. In his later years, he was the publicity director for the St. Petersburg Kennel Club. He died at his home in St. Petersburg in March 1958.William Coates (longevity claimant)
William Coates (June 2, 1911 – February 23, 2004) was an American man from Maryland who was an unverified claimant as a supercentenarian whose actual age was subsequently disputed.
Following his death, news reports said Coates was believed to have been the oldest man in the United States at the age of 114 years, based upon his nursing home records that gave his year of birth as 1889. The reports noted there was no birth certificate. If the claim had been correct, Coates would have been the world's oldest person after the death of Mitoyo Kawate and its oldest man after the death of Yukichi Chuganji.
However, in March 2004, one week after Coates' death, the Gerontology Research Group reported that a register of William J. Coates with his parents and siblings in the 1930 United States census listed his age as 18 years old. The census data would mean that Coates was 92 at the time of his death.