1924 Summer Olympics

The 1924 Summer Olympics (French: Les Jeux olympiques d'été de 1924), officially known as the Games of the VIII Olympiad, were an international multi-sport event which was celebrated in 1924 in Paris, France.

It was the second time Paris hosted the games, after 1900. The selection process for the 1924 Summer Olympics consisted of six bids, and Paris was selected ahead of Amsterdam, Barcelona, Los Angeles, Prague, and Rome. The selection was made at the 20th IOC Session in Lausanne in 1921.[2]

The cost of the Games of the VIII Olympiad was estimated to be 10,000,000. With total receipts at 5,496,610₣, the Olympics resulted in a hefty loss despite crowds that reached 60,000 people at a time.[3]

Games of the VIII Olympiad
1924 Summer Olympics logo
Host cityParis, France
Nations44
Athletes3,089 (2,954 men, 135 women)
Events126 in 17 sports (23 disciplines)
Opening4 May
Closing27 July
Opened by
StadiumStade Olympique Yves-du-Manoir
Summer
Antwerp 1920 Amsterdam 1928
Winter
Chamonix 1924 St Moritz 1928

Highlights

Stade de Colombes 1924
Colombes Olympic Stadium
  • The opening ceremony and several sporting events took place in the Olympic Stadium of Colombes, which had a capacity of 45,000 in 1924.
  • This VIII Olympiad was the last one organised under the presidency of Pierre de Coubertin.
  • The "Flying Finns" dominated the long distance running, while the British and Americans dominated the shorter events. Paavo Nurmi won the 1500 m and 5,000 m (which were held with only an hour between them) and the cross country run. Ville Ritola won the 10,000 m and the 3,000 m steeplechase, while finishing second to Nurmi on the 5,000 m and cross country. Albin Stenroos won the marathon, while the Finnish team (with Nurmi and Ritola) was victorious in the 3,000 m and cross country team events.
  • British runners Harold Abrahams and Eric Liddell won the 100 m and 400 m events, respectively. Their stories are depicted in the 1981 movie Chariots of Fire. In addition, Douglas Lowe won the 800 m competition.
  • The marathon distance was fixed at 42.195 km (26.219 mi), from the distance run at the 1908 Summer Olympics in London.
  • The 1924 Olympics were the first to use the standard 50 m pool with marked lanes.
  • Swimmer Johnny Weissmuller won three gold medals in swimming and one bronze in water polo.
  • Harold Osborn won gold medals and set Olympic records in both the high jump and the decathlon at the 1924 Olympics. His 6' 6" high jump remained the Olympic record for 12 years, while his decathlon score of 7,710.775 points also set a world record and resulted in worldwide press coverage calling him the "world’s greatest athlete".
  • Fencer Roger Ducret of France won five medals, of which three were gold.
  • In gymnastics, 24 men scored a perfect 10. Twenty-three of them scored it in the now-discontinued event of rope climbing. Albert Seguin scored a 10 here and also a perfect 10 on side vault.
  • Unexpectedly, the national team of Uruguay won the gold medal in football.
  • The Olympic motto Citius, Altius, Fortius (Faster, Higher, Stronger) was used for the first time at the Olympics. It had been used before by the Union des Sociétés Françaises de Sports Athlétiques, a French sporting federation whose founding members included Pierre de Coubertin.[4] De Coubertin took the motto from his friend Henri Didon, a Dominican priest who had coined during a speech before a Paris youth gathering of 1891.[5]
  • Ireland was given formal recognition as an independent nation in the Olympic Movement in Paris in 1924, and it was at these games that Ireland made its first appearance in an Olympic Games as an independent nation.
  • Originally called Semaine des Sports d'Hiver ("Week of Winter Sports") and held in association with the 1924 Summer Olympics, the sports competitions held in Chamonix between 25 January and 5 February 1924 were later designated by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) as the I Olympic Winter Games. (1924 Winter Olympics)
  • These were the first Games to feature an Olympic Village.
  • The Art competitions at the 1924 Summer Olympics were the first time that the Olympic Art competitions were contested seriously, with 193 entries in five categories. A total of 14 medals were awarded, though none were given in the music category.[6]

Sports

Paris JO 1924
Overall map of the Olympic venues

126 events in 23 disciplines, comprising 17 sports, were part of the Olympic program in 1924. The number of events in each discipline is noted in parentheses.

Demonstration sports

Venues

Paris JO 1924
Map of Olympic sites

Seventeen sports venues were used in the 1924 Summer Olympics. Stade de Colombes served as the final venue for the 1938 FIFA World Cup between Italy and Hungary.

Venue Sports Capacity Ref.
Bagatelle Polo 598 [7]
Bassin d'Argenteuil Rowing 2,216 [8]
Camp de Châlons Shooting (600 m free rifle individual and team) 395 [9]
Fontainebleau Modern pentathlon (riding) Not listed. [10]
Hippodrome d'Auteuil Equestrian 8,922 [11]
Issy-les-Moulineaux Shooting (trap shooting, including team event) 41 [12]
Le Havre Sailing 541 [13]
Le Stade Olympique de Reims Shooting (trap shooting, running target) 420 [14]
Le Stand de Tir de Versailles Modern pentathlon (shooting), Shooting (25 m rapid fire pistol, running deer) 82 [15]
Meulan-en-Yvelines Sailing 389 [16]
Piscine des Tourelles Diving, Modern pentathlon (swimming), Swimming, Water polo 8,023 [17]
Saint-Cloud Polo 7,836 [18]
Stade Bergeyre Football 10,455 [19]
Stade de Colombes Athletics, Cycling (road), Equestrian, Fencing, Football (final), Gymnastics, Modern pentathlon (fencing, running), Rugby union, Tennis 60,000 [20]
Stade de Paris Football 5,145 [21]
Stade Pershing Football 8,110 [22]
Vélodrome d'hiver Boxing, Fencing, Weightlifting, Wrestling 10,884 [23]
Vélodrome de Vincennes Cycling (track) 12,750 [24]

Participating nations

1924 Summer Olympics teams
Participating Countries of the 1924 Olympiad
1924 Summer Olympics numbers of athletes
Number of athletes

A total of 44 nations were represented at the 1924 Games. Germany was still absent, having not been invited by the Organizing Committee.[25] China (although did not compete), Ecuador, Haiti, Ireland, Lithuania, and Uruguay attended the Olympic Games for the first time while the Philippines competed for first time in an Olympic Games as a nation though it first participated in 1900 Summer Olympic Games also in this city. Latvia and Poland attended the Summer Olympic Games for the first time (having both appeared earlier at the 1924 Winter Olympics in Chamonix).

Participating National Olympic Committees
  • Republic of China (1912–1949) China, also took part in the Opening Ceremony, but its four athletes (all tennis players) withdrew from competition.[26]

Number of athletes by National Olympic Committees

IOC Country Athletes
FRA  France 401
GBR  Great Britain 239
USA  United States 229
ITA  Italy 200
BEL  Belgium 172
NED  Netherlands 153
ESP  Spain 129
SWE  Sweden 108
FIN  Finland 90
DEN  Denmark 89
HUN  Hungary 89
ARG  Argentina 77
SUI  Switzerland 75
TCH  Czechoslovakia 70
CAN  Canada 65
POL  Poland 65
NOR  Norway 62
ROM  Romania 51
AUT  Austria 49
EST  Estonia 44
LAT  Latvia 41
IRL  Ireland 39
YUG  Yugoslavia 37
AUS  Australia 36
EGY  Egypt 33
TUR  Turkey 31
URU  Uruguay 31
POR  Portugal 30
RSA  South Africa 30
GRE  Greece 26
BUL  Bulgaria 24
LUX  Luxembourg 22
LTU  Lithuania 13
MEX  Mexico 13
BRA  Brazil 12
CHI  Chile 11
CUB  Cuba 9
JPN  Japan 9
HAI  Haiti 8
IND  India 7
MON  Monaco 7
ROC  Republic of China 4
NZL  New Zealand 4
ECU  Ecuador 3
PHI  Philippines 1
Total 3,089

Medal count

These are the top ten nations that won medals the 1924 Games.

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 United States45272799
2 Finland14131037
3 France*13151038
4 Great Britain9131234
5 Italy83516
6 Switzerland781025
7 Norway52310
8 Sweden4131229
9 Netherlands41510
10 Belgium37313
Totals (10 nations)11210297311

Legacy

The 1924 Summer Olympics are the last edition of the Summer Olympics to be held in Paris. One hundred years later, the city will host the 2024 Summer Olympics, marking the third time the city hosts the games. One venue from the 1924 Games is slated to be used in 2024. The extensively renovated and downsized main stadium, known since 1928 as Stade Olympique Yves-du-Manoir, will host field hockey.

Last surviving competitor

The last surviving competitor of the 1924 Summer Olympics was Croatian swimmer Ivo Pavelić, who died on 22 February 2011 at the age of 103.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ "Factsheet - Opening Ceremony of the Games f the Olympiad" (PDF) (Press release). International Olympic Committee. September 13, 2013. Archived (PDF) from the original on 14 August 2016. Retrieved 22 December 2018.
  2. ^ "Past Olympic host city election results". GamesBids. Archived from the original on 17 March 2011. Retrieved 17 March 2011.
  3. ^ Zarnowski, C. Frank (Summer 1992). "A Look at Olympic Costs" (PDF). Citius, Altius, Fortius. 1 (1): 16–32. Retrieved 10 August 2017.
  4. ^ The Official History of the Olympic Games and the IOC- Athens to Beijing, 1894–2008: David Miller (2008)
  5. ^ "Opening Ceremony" (pdf). International Olympics Committee. 2002. p. 3. Retrieved 23 August 2012.; "Sport athlétique", 14 mars 1891: "[...] dans une éloquente allocution il a souhaité que ce drapeau les conduise ‘souvent à la victoire, à la lutte toujours’. Il a dit qu’il leur donnait pour devise ces trois mots qui sont le fondement et la raison d’être des sports athlétiques: citius, altius, fortius, ‘plus vite, plus haut, plus fort’.", cited in Hoffmane, Simone La carrière du père Didon, Dominicain. 1840 - 1900, Doctoral thesis, Université de Paris IV - Sorbonne, 1985, p. 926; cf. Michaela Lochmann, Les fondements pédagogiques de la devise olympique „citius, altius, fortius"
  6. ^ M. Avé, Comité Olympique Français, pp. 601–612
  7. ^ 1924 Olympics official report. Archived 5 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine pp. 528-9. (in French)
  8. ^ 1924 Olympics official report. Archived 5 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine pp. 165-7. (in French)
  9. ^ 1924 Olympics official report. Archived 5 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine pp. 565-6. (in French)
  10. ^ 1924 Olympics official report. Archived 5 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine pp. 501-3. (in French)
  11. ^ 1924 Olympics official report. Archived 5 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine pp. 222-3. (in French)
  12. ^ 1924 Olympics official report. Archived 5 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine pp. 544-6, 549. (in French)
  13. ^ 1924 Olympics official report. Archived 5 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine pp. 584, 587. (in French)
  14. ^ 1924 Olympics official report. Archived 5 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine pp. 563-5, 568. (in French)
  15. ^ 1924 Olympics official report. Archived 5 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine pp. 489, 548-9.
  16. ^ 1924 Olympics official report. Archived 5 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine pp. 582-3, 587. (in French)
  17. ^ 1924 Olympic official report. Archived 5 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine pp. 438-40, 443-4, 499 (in French).
  18. ^ 1924 Olympics official report. Archived 5 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine pp. 528-9. (in French)
  19. ^ 1924 Summer Olympics official report. Archived 5 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine pp. 318, 320. (in French)
  20. ^ 1924 Olympics official report. Archived 5 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine pp. 50-5, 96-7, 121, 152, 216, 222, 238, 248, 265, 318, 339, 375, 499, 503, 536. (in French)
  21. ^ 1924 Summer Olympics official report. Archived 5 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine pp. 318, 321. (in French)
  22. ^ 1924 Summer Olympics official report. Archived 5 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine pp. 318, 322. (in French).
  23. ^ 1924 Olympics official report. Archived 5 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine pp. 182-3, 203-4, 255, 266, 400, 425, 507. (in French)
  24. ^ 1924 Olympics official report. Archived 5 May 2011 at the Wayback Machine pp. 200-217. (in French)
  25. ^ Guttmann, Allen (1992). The Olympics: A History of the Modern Games. Urbana and Chicago: University of Illinois Press. p. 38. ISBN 0-252-01701-3.
  26. ^ (ed.) M. Avé, Comité Olympique Français. Les Jeux de la VIIIe Olympiade Paris 1924 – Rapport Officiel (PDF) (in French). Paris: Librairie de France. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 May 2011. Retrieved 16 October 2012. 39 seulement s’alignérent, ne représentant plus que 24 nations, la Chine, le Portugal et la Yougoslavie ayant déclaré forfait.CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link)
  27. ^ Georgiou, Mark (26 March 2012). "Everest Olympic medal pledge set to be honoured". BBC News. Retrieved 31 August 2012.
  28. ^ Douglas, Ed (19 May 2012). "'My modest father never mentioned his Everest expedition Olympic gold'". London: guardian.co.uk. Retrieved 31 August 2012.

External links

Preceded by
Antwerp
Summer Olympic Games
Paris

VIII Olympiad (1924)
Succeeded by
Amsterdam
1924 Summer Olympics medal table

This is the full medal table of the 1924 Summer Olympics which were held in Paris, France. These rankings sort by the number of gold medals earned by a country. The number of silvers is taken into consideration next and then the number of bronze. If, after the above, countries are still tied, equal ranking is given and they are listed alphabetically. This follows the system used by the IOC, IAAF and BBC.

* Host nation (France)

Alfred Wilson (rower)

Alfred Mayo Wilson (December 31, 1903 – October 27, 1989) was an American rower who competed in the 1924 Summer Olympics.

In 1924 he was part of the American boat, which won the gold medal in the eights.

Athletics at the 1924 Summer Olympics

At the 1924 Summer Olympics held in Paris, 27 athletics events were contested, all for men only. The competitions were held from 6 to 13 July.

Athletics at the 1924 Summer Olympics – Men's 4 × 100 metres relay

The men's 4 × 100 metres relay event was part of the track and field athletics programme at the 1924 Summer Olympics. It was the third appearance of this event. The competition was held on Saturday, July 12, 1924 and on Sunday, July 13, 1924.As for all other events the track was 500 metres in circumference.

Sixty runners from 15 nations competed.

Athletics at the 1924 Summer Olympics – Men's 4 × 400 metres relay

The men's 4 × 400 metres relay event was part of the track and field athletics programme at the 1924 Summer Olympics. It was the third appearance of this event. The competition was held on Saturday, July 12, 1924 and on Sunday, July 13, 1924.

As for all other events the track was 500 metres in circumference. Twenty-eight runners from seven nations competed.

Cycling at the 1924 Summer Olympics

The cycling competition at the 1924 Summer Olympics in Paris consisted of two road cycling events and four track cycling events, all for men only. The 50 km track event was held for the last time at these Games, having only been introduced in 1920.

Football at the 1924 Summer Olympics

At the 1924 Summer Olympics held in Paris, Uruguay dominated the football tournament winning the gold medal.

Frederick Sheffield

Frederick Sheffield (February 26, 1902 – May 8, 1971) was an American rower, born in New York City, who competed in the 1924 Summer Olympics.

In 1924 he was part of the American boat, which won the gold medal in the eights.

Great Britain at the 1924 Summer Olympics

Great Britain, represented by the British Olympic Association (BOA), competed at the 1924 Summer Olympics in Paris, France. Despite the name, athletes from the newly independent Irish Free State competed separately. Following the Royal and Parliamentary Titles Act 1927, the name changed (officially) to 'United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland' but the Olympic team competed as Great Britain from the 1928 games onwards. 267 competitors, 239 men and 28 women, took part in 115 events in 18 sports.

Gymnastics at the 1924 Summer Olympics – Men's team

The men's team all-around event was part of the gymnastics programme at the 1924 Summer Olympics. It was one of nine gymnastics events and it was contested for the fifth time. The competition was held from Thursday, July 17, 1924, to Wednesday, July 23, 1924.

Seventy-two gymnasts from nine nations competed.

John Miller (rower)

John Lester Miller (June 5, 1903 in Brooklyn – August 1, 1965) was an American rower who competed in the 1924 Summer Olympics.

In 1924 he was part of the American boat, which won the gold medal in the eights.

Laurence Stoddard

Laurence Ralph Stoddard (December 22, 1903 – January 26, 1997), also known as Chick Stoddard, was an American rowing coxswain who competed in the 1924 Summer Olympics.

In 1924 he coxed the American boat, which won the gold medal in the men's eight.

Leonard Carpenter (rower)

Leonard Griswold Carpenter (July 28, 1902 – May 15, 1994) was an American rower who competed in the 1924 Summer Olympics.

In 1924 he was part of the American boat, which won the gold medal in the eights.

Rowing at the 1924 Summer Olympics – Men's eight

The men's eights event was part of the rowing programme at the 1924 Summer Olympics. The competition, the sixth appearance of the event, was held from 13 to 17 July 1924 on the river Seine. Ten teams, each from a different nation, competed.

Sailing at the 1924 Summer Olympics – 6 Metre

The 6 Metre was a sailing event on the Sailing at the 1924 Summer Olympics program in Le Havre. A program of matches and semi-finals were scheduled. In case of a tie sail-off's would be held. 27 sailors, on 9 boats from 9 nations competed.

Shooting at the 1924 Summer Olympics

At the 1924 Summer Olympics in Paris, ten events in shooting were contested. These would be the last Games in which team events were part of the Olympic shooting program. The competitions were held from 23 June 1924 to 9 July 1924 at the shooting ranges at Versailles, Reims, Camp de Châlons (Mourmelon), and Issy-les-Moulineaux.

Swimming at the 1924 Summer Olympics

At the 1924 Summer Olympics in Paris, eleven swimming events were contested, six for men and five for women. The competitions were held from Sunday July 13, 1924, to Sunday July 20, 1924.

There were 169 participants from 23 countries competing. The United States team, coached by Bill Bachrach, won 19 of the 33 medals, and 9 of the 11 gold medals.

Tennis at the 1924 Summer Olympics

Final results of the Tennis competition at the 1924 Summer Olympics in Paris, France.

After the 1924 Olympics, the tennis competition would be dropped until 1988. The mixed doubles competition did not return until the 2012 Olympics.

Water polo at the 1924 Summer Olympics

Final results for the water polo tournament at the 1924 Summer Olympics. All medals were decided by using the Bergvall system.

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