1924 Colored World Series

The 1924 Colored World Series was a best-of-nine match-up between the Negro National League champion Kansas City Monarchs and the Eastern Colored League champion Hilldale. In a ten-game series, the Monarchs narrowly defeated Hilldale 5 games to 4, with one tie game. It was the first World Series between the respective champions of the NNL and ECL. It was the second year of existence for the ECL, but no agreement could be reached in 1923 for a post-season series, owing primarily to unresolved disputes between the leagues. Five members of the Baseball Hall of Fame participated in the series: Biz Mackey, Judy Johnson, and Louis Santop played for Hilldale, while Bullet Rogan and José Méndez played for the Monarchs. In addition, Monarchs owner J. L. Wilkinson was also inducted into the Hall.

1924 Colored World Series
Kansas City Monarchs 60633643355
Hilldale Club 211645532504
* indicates extra innings
DatesOctober 3–20
Hall of FamersKansas City: José Méndez (mgr.), Bullet Rogan,
Hilldale: Judy Johnson, Biz Mackey,
Louis Santop

Series summary

Game Score Date Ballpark Attendance
1 Kansas City 6 Hilldale 2 October 3, 1924 (Friday) Baker Bowl, Philadelphia 5,366
2 Kansas City 0 Hilldale 11 October 4, 1924 (Saturday) Baker Bowl, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 8,661
3 Kansas City 6 Hilldale 6 (13 innings) October 5, 1924 (Sunday) Maryland Baseball Park, Baltimore 5,503
4 Kansas City 3 Hilldale 4 October 6, 1924 (Monday) Maryland Baseball Park, Baltimore, Maryland   584
5 Hilldale 5 Kansas City 3 October 11, 1924 (Saturday) Muehlebach Park, Kansas City, Missouri 3,891
6 Hilldale 5 Kansas City 6 October 12, 1924 (Sunday) Muehlebach Park, Kansas City, Missouri 8,885
7 Hilldale 3 Kansas City 4 (12 innings) October 14, 1924 (Tuesday) Muehlebach Park, Kansas City, Missouri 2,539
8 Hilldale 2 Kansas City 3 October 18, 1924 (Saturday) Schorling Park, Chicago 2,608
9 Hilldale 5 Kansas City 3 October 19, 1924 (Sunday) Schorling Park, Chicago 6,271
10 Hilldale 0 Kansas City 5 October 20, 1924 (Monday) Schorling Park, Chicago 1,549
1924 Negro League World Series
Hilldale and the Monarchs line up at Muehlebach Park.

The Games

Game One

October 3, 1924, at Baker Bowl in Philadelphia

Team 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 R H E
Kansas City 0 0 0 0 0 5 0 0 1 6 6 0
Hilldale 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 2 8 6
W: Bullet Rogan (1-0)  L: Phil Cockrell (0-1)
HRs: none
Umpires: McBride, Freeman, Coolan, and McDevitt
Rogan pitched an 8-hitter, holding Hilldale scoreless until two out in the ninth. Warfield's bases-loaded error in the sixth allowed the Monarchs to score two, and aided by Cockrell's three errors in the same inning, opened up a five-run inning for the Monarchs. Phil Cockrell, who lost this first game of the series, later umpired in Game Four of the 1942 Colored World Series.
Hilldale did not use its own ballpark, Hilldale Park, but instead used Baker Bowl, home field of the Philadelphia Phillies, for the first two games, owing to its larger capacity.

Game Two

October 4, 1924, at Baker Bowl in Philadelphia

Team 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 R H E
Kansas City 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 2
Hilldale 5 2 2 0 0 2 0 0 0 11 15 2
W: Nip Winters (1-0)  L: Bill McCall (0-1)
HRs: none
Umpires: McDevitt, McBride, Freeman, and Doolan
Bill McCall could not get through the first inning, facing only three men and recording no outs before Bill "Plunk" Drake came in to relieve. Drake did not fare much better, lasting only 1⅔ innings himself. Hilldale led 9-0 by the end of the third.
Nip Winters shut out the normally high-scoring Monarchs on four singles.

Game Three

October 5, 1924, at Maryland Baseball Park in Baltimore

Team 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 R H E
Kansas City 0 0 2 2 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 6 8 5
Hilldale 0 0 1 0 3 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 6 10 1
HRs: KCNewt Joseph (1)
Umpires: Freeman, Dolan, McDevitt, and McBride
The Monarchs took a one-run lead into the bottom of the ninth and again into the bottom of the twelfth, but were unable to put Hilldale away. William Bell pitched 12 innings for no decision; he played the thirteenth inning in right field, as Rogan came in from center field to pitch the thirteenth inning. Monarch fielding errors in the fifth and ninth innings allowed Hilldale to stay in the game. Biz Mackey received three intentional walks during the game. The game was called on account of darkness after thirteen innings.
This game was played at Maryland Park, home park of the Baltimore Black Sox, on account of Pennsylvania's blue laws, which did not allow professional baseball games on Sundays.

Game Four

October 6, 1924, at Maryland Baseball Park in Baltimore

Team 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 R H E
Kansas City 2 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 8 4
Hilldale 0 0 3 0 0 0 0 0 1 4 4 1
W: Rube Currie (1-0)  L: Cliff Bell (0-1)
HRs: none
Umpires: Freeman, Dolan, McDevitt, and McBride

After yesterday's tie game, another game was rescheduled for the following day. Before a sparse weekday crowd, former Monarch Rube Currie relieved Red Ryan with one out in the third and the Monarchs leading 3-0, and shut them out the rest of the game. Hilldale tied the game in the third on two base hits, a walk, and three steals, including Otto Briggs’ steal of home. Two walks and two errors helped score Hilldale's winning run with none out in the ninth.

Game Five

October 11, 1924, Muehlebach Park, Kansas City

Team 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 R H E
Hilldale 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 4 5 10 1
Kansas City 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 4 4
W: Nip Winters (2-0)  L: Bullet Rogan (1-1)  
HRs: HilldaleJudy Johnson
Umpires: McGrew, Anderson, Costello, and Goeckel
Judy Johnson's three-run inside-the-park home run with one out in the ninth shocked the crowd into silence and provided the difference in the game. A controversial umpire call and three defensive misplays helped set the table for Johnson's heroics. Until the fatal ninth, the game had been a classic pitchers duel between staff aces Winters and Rogan. Winters finished the game with a flourish, retiring 25 of the last 26 men he faced. Hilldale had a 3-1 lead in games.
Rube Foster had originally scheduled games Five, Six and Seven for his own ballpark, but Kansas City ownership and fans strenuously objected to losing such lucrative dates, and Foster relented.

Game Six

October 12, 1924, at Muehelbach Park in Kansas City

Team 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 R H E
Hilldale 2 0 2 0 0 1 0 0 0 5 11 0
Kansas City 4 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 6 12 1
W: William Bell (1-0)  L: Hosley "Scrip" Lee (0-1)  
HRs: none
Umpires: Anderson, Costello, Goeckel, and McGrew
Phil Cockrell started the game for Hilldale, but was driven from the mound in the first inning, allowing four runs. Scrip Lee pitched the remainder of the game, but tired in the eighth when the Monarchs scored the tie-breaking run.

Game Seven

October 14, 1924, at Muehlebach Field in Kansas City

Team 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 R H E
Hilldale 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 3 7 1
Kansas City 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 4 11 1
W: José Méndez (1-0)  L: Nip Winters (2-1)  
HRs: none
Umpires: Costello, Goeckel, McGrew, and Anderson
Nip Winters pitched twelve innings and took the loss, while Méndez pitched brilliantly in relief for the win. Newt Joseph stole home in the fourth inning to start the Monarchs’ scoring. Bullet Rogan did not hit the ball out of the infield, but still managed to get three hits, score one run, and drive in the winning tally in the twelfth inning.

Game Eight

October 18, 1924, at Schorling Park in Chicago

Team 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 R H E
Hilldale 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 2 9 1
Kansas City 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 3 9 0
W: Bullet Rogan (2-1)  L: Rube Currie (1-1)  
HRs: none
Umpires: Goeckel, Moore, McGrew, and Costello
In one of Negro League baseball's legendary games, the Monarchs rallied for three runs in the ninth to stun Hilldale. Because of an injury to shortstop Jake Stephens some weeks before and to get maximum offensive output from his lineup, Hilldale manager Warfield moved regular third baseman Judy Johnson to short, moved catcher-short stop Mackey to third, and installed aging backup receiver Louis Santop as the regular catcher. With three players playing out of position at critical defensive positions, Warfield's moves came back to haunt him in the ninth when Mackey and Johnson both missed key plays, and when Santop dropped Frank Duncan's foul popup, Duncan lined a single past Mackey that scored the tying and winning runs.
Also legendary was the vicious verbal assault that Warfield launched against Santop following the loss, laying blame for the loss squarely at Santop's feet. Santop and others were already in tears in their locker room following the game, and it is one of Blackball's legends that Santop never recovered from the humiliation of Warfield's tirade.

Game Nine

October 19, 1924, at Schorling Park in Chicago

Team 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 R H E
Hilldale 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 1 2 5 13 4
Kansas City 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 3 8 5
W: Nip Winters (3-1)  L: William "Plunk" Drake (0-1)  
HRs: none
Umpires: McGrew, Costello, Goeckel, and Moore
Starting and completing his fourth game of the series, Nip Winters won for the third time to tie the series. William Bell started for Kansas City, but was shelled with none out in the fifth inning when Hilldale tied the score 2-2. Drake pitched creditably until tiring in the ninth, when Hilldale scored two to win. The Series was now tied for the third time.

Game Ten

October 20, 1924, at Schorling Park in Chicago

Team 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 R H E
Hilldale 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 0
Kansas City 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 5 5 6 0
W: José Méndez (2-0)  L: Scrip Lee (0-2)  
HRs: none
Umpires: Costello, Goeckel, Moore, and Conlin
Although still weak from surgery before the series and advised by a doctor not to exert himself, Méndez had already pitched 10 innings of relief in the first nine games, and upon the advice of Rube Foster named himself to start the final game. Game Ten became part of his legend. He matched Hilldale starter Scrip Lee zero for zero for seven full innings until Lee tired in the bottom of the eighth. Lee changed from his normal submarine delivery to an overhand style in that inning, and the Monarchs scored five runs off of him, including one by Méndez himself. When Hilldale went out in the ninth, the Monarchs had won the first Colored World Series.
Lee, the losing pitcher in the Series finale, later umpired the opening game of the 1942 Colored World Series.


  • Books
    • Lester, Larry (2006). Baseball's First Colored World Series. Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Co. ISBN 0-7864-2617-9.
    • Holway, John (2001). The Complete Book of Baseball's Negro Leagues. Fern Park: Hastings House. ISBN 0-8038-2007-0.
  • Newspapers
    • Baltimore Afro-American, October 1924
    • Chicago Defender, October 1924
    • Kansas City Call, October 1924
    • Pittsburgh Courier, October 1924

See also

Bill Drake (baseball)

William P. "Plunk" Drake (June 8, 1895 – October 30, 1977) was a Negro league baseball pitcher.

Drake pitched for top Negro league teams between 1920 and 1927, primarily remembered for his time with the Kansas City Monarchs, participating in two Colored World Series in 1924 and 1925. He gained his nickname from his propensity for pitching inside to batters and his willingness to hit batters who crowded the plate. He claimed to have taught Satchel Paige his famous hesitation pitch, though credit is usually given to Bill Gatewood.

Bill McCall (baseball)

William L. McCall was a pitcher in Negro league baseball. He played for the Pittsburgh Keystones, Cleveland Tate Stars, Birmingham Black Barons, Kansas City Monarchs, Chicago American Giants, Indianapolis ABCs, and Detroit Stars from 1922 to 1931.

Biz Mackey

James Raleigh "Biz" Mackey (July 27, 1897 – September 22, 1965) was an American catcher and manager in Negro league baseball. He played for the Indianapolis ABC's (1920–22), New York Lincoln Giants (1920), Hilldale Daisies (1923–31), Philadelphia Royal Giants (1925), Philadelphia Stars (1933–35), Washington and Baltimore Elite Giants (1936–39), and Newark Dodgers/Eagles (1935, 1939–41, 1945–47, 1950).

Mackey came to be regarded as black baseball's premier catcher in the late 1920s and early 1930s. His superior defense and outstanding throwing arm were complemented by batting skill which placed him among the Negro leagues' all-time leaders in total bases, RBIs and slugging percentage, while hitting .322 for his career. Mackey was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in 2006.

Cliff Bell

Clifford W. "Cliff" Bell (July 2, 1896 – April 13, 1952) was an American pitcher in Negro League baseball. He played for the Kansas City Monarchs, Memphis Red Sox, and Cleveland Cubs from 1921 to 1931.Bell was described as a "quiet" man, who rarely spoke to his teammates. His best pitch was reportedly the screwball, and he was normally used as a middle reliever.

Clint Thomas

Clinton Cyrus "Hawk" Thomas (November 25, 1896 – December 2, 1990) was a professional baseball player born in Greenup, Kentucky. He was an outfielder and second baseman in the Negro leagues from 1920 to 1938, where he earned the nickname "Hawk" for his sharp-eyed hitting and center field skills.

Frank Duncan (baseball, born 1901)

Frank Duncan (born February 14, 1901 in Kansas City, Missouri – December 4, 1973 in Kansas City, Missouri) was a baseball player in the Negro Leagues from 1920 to 1948. He was primarily a catcher for the Kansas City Monarchs, handling their pitching staff from 1921 through 1934 as the team won five pennants between 1923 and 1931. While playing part-time, he managed the Monarchs to two pennants in 1942 and 1946. He caught two no-hitters with the Monarchs, in 1923 and 1929.

Frank Warfield

Francis Xavier Warfield (April 26, 1897 – July 24, 1932) was an infielder and manager in the Negro leagues.

George Sweatt

George Alexander "Sharky" Sweatt (December 7, 1893 – July 19, 1983) was an American second baseman in Negro league baseball. He played for the Kansas City Monarchs and Chicago American Giants from 1922 to 1927.

Hilldale Club

The Hilldale Athletic Club (informally known as Darby Daisies) were an African American professional baseball team based in Darby, Pennsylvania, west of Philadelphia.

Established as a boys team in 1910, the Hilldales were developed by their early manager, then owner Ed Bolden to be one of the powerhouse Negro league baseball teams. They won the first three Eastern Colored League pennants beginning in 1923 and in 1925 won the second Colored World Series. Hall of Fame player Judy Johnson was a Hilldale regular for most its professional era with twelve seasons in fifteen years 1918–1932.

Pitcher Phil Cockrell played for Hilldale throughout those years.

Oscar Charleston, Biz Mackey, Louis Santop, Chaney White, and Jesse "Nip" Winters were also important Hilldale players in the 1920s.

Hurley McNair

Hurley Allen McNair (born October 28, 1888 in Marshall, Texas - December 2, 1948 in Kansas City, Missouri) was a baseball player in the Negro Leagues and the Pre-Negro Leagues.

At the age of 21, he was pitching for the Minneapolis Keystones. He left the Keystones halfway through the 1911 season and went to play for the Chicago Giants.

He played outfield and pitcher and played from 1911–1937, mostly playing for teams in Chicago and Kansas City, Missouri. After his playing career ended, he also umpired in the Negro American League, including one game of the 1942 Colored World Series.

McNair died in Kansas City, Missouri on December 2, 1948, at the age of 60. He is buried at the Highland Cemetery in Kansas City, Missouri.

Judy Johnson

William Julius "Judy" Johnson (October 26, 1899 – June 15, 1989) was an American professional third baseman and manager whose career in Negro league baseball spanned 17 seasons, from 1921 to 1937. Slight of build, Johnson never developed as a power threat but achieved his greatest success as a contact hitter and an intuitive defenseman. Johnson is regarded as one of the greatest third basemen of the Negro leagues. In 1975, he was elected into the Baseball Hall of Fame after being nominated by the Negro Leagues Committee.

From 1921 to 1929, Johnson was a member of the Hilldale Daisies ball club and became an on-the-field leader respected for his professional disposition. His consistent swing and fielding prowess helped the Daisies win three straight pennants in the Eastern Colored League and the 1925 Colored World Series. After serving as a player manager for the Homestead Grays followed by the Daisies in the early 1930s, Johnson signed with the Pittsburgh Crawfords; as a part of the vaunted Crawford line-up of 1935, Johnson contributed to a team widely considered the greatest in Negro league history. He retired in 1937 after a short second stint with the Grays.

Following his retirement from baseball as a player, Johnson became a scout for Major League Baseball teams. He was hired as an assistant coach by the Philadelphia Athletics in 1954, becoming one of the first African Americans signed to a coaching position on a major league ball club. In his later years, Johnson served on the Negro Leagues Committee and stepped down in 1975 to accept his hall of fame nomination. He suffered a stroke in 1988 and died a year later.

Lemuel Hawkins

Lemuel Hawkins (October 2, 1895 – August 10, 1934) was an American first baseman in Negro league baseball. He played for the Kansas City Monarchs, Chicago Giants and Chicago American Giants from 1921 to 1928. He was 5'10" and weighed 185 pounds.

Louis Santop

Louis Santop Loftin (January 17, 1890 – January 22, 1942) was an African-American baseball catcher in the Negro leagues. He became "one of the earliest superstars" and "black baseball's first legitimate home-run slugger" (Riley), and was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in 2006.

Newt Joseph

Walter Lee "Newt" Joseph (October 27, 1896 – January 18, 1953) was an American third baseman and manager in Negro league baseball. Born in Birmingham, Alabama, Joseph played most of his career for J. L. Wilkinson and the Kansas City Monarchs franchise.

When the Monarchs' train stopped on the way to Dallas for Spring training in 1923, it was said 200 fans in Muskogee were there after midnight to cheer the team. They picked up and carried Joseph from his berth on the train and "presented him with a handsome present." Joseph played among and against many of baseball's greats, including Hall of Famers Satchel Paige, José Méndez, Bullet Rogan, and pre-Negro league stars like John Donaldson, and "Big" Bill Gatewood.

A Utah paper called him one of the best third baseman in history, (part of J. L. Wilkinson's Kansas City Monarchs' publicity newspaper copy), and also called him "the noisiest coach in baseball." Joseph died at the age of 56, and is buried at the Highland Cemetery in Kansas City, Missouri.

Nip Winters

James Henry "Jesse" "Nip" Winters, Jr. (1899 in Washington, D.C. – December 1971 in Hockessin, Delaware) was a pitcher in Negro league baseball, playing for many top eastern teams from 1920 to 1933, and considered one of the top left-handed pitchers of his day.

At age 53, Winters received votes listing him on the 1952 Pittsburgh Courier player-voted poll of the Negro Leagues' best players ever.

Oscar Johnson (baseball)

Oscar "Heavy" Johnson (1895–1960) was a baseball player in the Negro Leagues. He played catcher and outfielder. Johnson was one of the Negro League's foremost power hitters in the 1920s, reportedly weighing 250 pounds, and known for hitting home runs. Longtime MLB umpire Jocko Conlan once said that Johnson "could hit a ball out of any park."Johnson was part of the all-black 25th Infantry Wreckers, a teammate of other future Negro Leaguers including Bullet Rogan, Lemuel Hawkins, and Dobie Moore. He briefly played for the St. Louis Giants in 1920 while on Army furlough, hitting .300 in 3 games, but did not join the Negro Leagues until his discharge in 1922. In his rookie season with the Kansas City Monarchs, Johnson batted .406, and posted a .345 average in the Cuban winter league. Johnson won a retroactive triple crown in 1923 with a .406 batting average, 20 home runs and 120 RBI in 98 games. Johnson was also the first member of the Monarchs to hit a home run at the new Kansas City Municipal Stadium. Johnson was credited with more than 60 home runs against all opposition in 1924, and batted .296 in the 1924 Colored World Series, which was won by the Monarchs. Johnson then moved to the Baltimore Black Sox, where he posted averages of .345 and .337 in his 2 seasons with the club. In 1927, with the Harrisburg Giants, Johnson hit .316, teaming with John Beckwith and Oscar Charleston. Johnson split the 1928 season between the Cleveland Tigers and the Memphis Red Sox, posting a .315 average overall.Former pitcher Bill "Plunk" Drake said that Johnson was once sleeping on the bench when he was awoken and told to pinch-hit; he grabbed a fungo bat and hit a home run. Despite Johnson's weight, he was described as a "remarkably fast runner for his bulk." He was also described as temperamental and moody, one of the "nasty boys". Johnson finished his career in 1933 with a .337 lifetime batting average.

Otto Briggs

Otto "Mirror" Briggs (April 7, 1891 – October 28, 1943) was an American baseball outfielder in the Negro Leagues.

He played from 1915 to 1934, playing mostly with the Hilldale Club and the Bacharach Giants.

Red Ryan (baseball)

Merven John "Red" Ryan (July 11, 1897 – August, 1969) was an American baseball pitcher in the Negro Leagues. He played from 1919 to 1932 with several teams, playing mostly with the Hilldale Club.

Scrip Lee

Holsey Scranton Scriptus Lee, Sr. (January 29, 1899 – February 13, 1974) was an African-American baseball pitcher in the Negro Leagues. He played from 1921 to 1934 with several teams. He was nicknamed both Scrip and Script.Before his Negro Leagues career, Lee served in the National Guard, fighting against Pancho Villa's forces at the Mexican border in 1916. He also served in the 372nd Infantry during World War I, earning two battle stars and a Purple Heart.

Kansas City Monarchs 1924 Colored World Series Champions

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