The 1924 Colored World Series was a best-of-nine match-up between the Negro National League champion Kansas City Monarchs and the Eastern Colored League champion Hilldale. In a ten-game series, the Monarchs narrowly defeated Hilldale 5 games to 4, with one tie game. It was the first World Series between the respective champions of the NNL and ECL. It was the second year of existence for the ECL, but no agreement could be reached in 1923 for a post-season series, owing primarily to unresolved disputes between the leagues. Five members of the Baseball Hall of Fame participated in the series: Biz Mackey, Judy Johnson, and Louis Santop played for Hilldale, while Bullet Rogan and José Méndez played for the Monarchs. In addition, Monarchs owner J. L. Wilkinson was also inducted into the Hall.
|1924 Colored World Series|
|Hall of Famers||Kansas City: José Méndez (mgr.), Bullet Rogan,|
Hilldale: Judy Johnson, Biz Mackey,
|1||Kansas City 6 Hilldale 2||October 3, 1924 (Friday)||Baker Bowl, Philadelphia||5,366|
|2||Kansas City 0 Hilldale 11||October 4, 1924 (Saturday)||Baker Bowl, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania||8,661|
|3||Kansas City 6 Hilldale 6 (13 innings)||October 5, 1924 (Sunday)||Maryland Baseball Park, Baltimore||5,503|
|4||Kansas City 3 Hilldale 4||October 6, 1924 (Monday)||Maryland Baseball Park, Baltimore, Maryland||584|
|5||Hilldale 5 Kansas City 3||October 11, 1924 (Saturday)||Muehlebach Park, Kansas City, Missouri||3,891|
|6||Hilldale 5 Kansas City 6||October 12, 1924 (Sunday)||Muehlebach Park, Kansas City, Missouri||8,885|
|7||Hilldale 3 Kansas City 4 (12 innings)||October 14, 1924 (Tuesday)||Muehlebach Park, Kansas City, Missouri||2,539|
|8||Hilldale 2 Kansas City 3||October 18, 1924 (Saturday)||Schorling Park, Chicago||2,608|
|9||Hilldale 5 Kansas City 3||October 19, 1924 (Sunday)||Schorling Park, Chicago||6,271|
|10||Hilldale 0 Kansas City 5||October 20, 1924 (Monday)||Schorling Park, Chicago||1,549|
October 3, 1924, at Baker Bowl in Philadelphia
|W: Bullet Rogan (1-0) L: Phil Cockrell (0-1)|
|Umpires: McBride, Freeman, Coolan, and McDevitt|
October 4, 1924, at Baker Bowl in Philadelphia
|W: Nip Winters (1-0) L: Bill McCall (0-1)|
|Umpires: McDevitt, McBride, Freeman, and Doolan|
October 5, 1924, at Maryland Baseball Park in Baltimore
|HRs: KC – Newt Joseph (1)|
|Umpires: Freeman, Dolan, McDevitt, and McBride|
October 6, 1924, at Maryland Baseball Park in Baltimore
|W: Rube Currie (1-0) L: Cliff Bell (0-1)|
|Umpires: Freeman, Dolan, McDevitt, and McBride|
After yesterday's tie game, another game was rescheduled for the following day. Before a sparse weekday crowd, former Monarch Rube Currie relieved Red Ryan with one out in the third and the Monarchs leading 3-0, and shut them out the rest of the game. Hilldale tied the game in the third on two base hits, a walk, and three steals, including Otto Briggs’ steal of home. Two walks and two errors helped score Hilldale's winning run with none out in the ninth.
October 11, 1924, Muehlebach Park, Kansas City
|W: Nip Winters (2-0) L: Bullet Rogan (1-1)|
|HRs: Hilldale – Judy Johnson|
|Umpires: McGrew, Anderson, Costello, and Goeckel|
October 12, 1924, at Muehelbach Park in Kansas City
|W: William Bell (1-0) L: Hosley "Scrip" Lee (0-1)|
|Umpires: Anderson, Costello, Goeckel, and McGrew|
October 14, 1924, at Muehlebach Field in Kansas City
|W: José Méndez (1-0) L: Nip Winters (2-1)|
|Umpires: Costello, Goeckel, McGrew, and Anderson|
October 18, 1924, at Schorling Park in Chicago
|W: Bullet Rogan (2-1) L: Rube Currie (1-1)|
|Umpires: Goeckel, Moore, McGrew, and Costello|
October 19, 1924, at Schorling Park in Chicago
|W: Nip Winters (3-1) L: William "Plunk" Drake (0-1)|
|Umpires: McGrew, Costello, Goeckel, and Moore|
October 20, 1924, at Schorling Park in Chicago
|W: José Méndez (2-0) L: Scrip Lee (0-2)|
|Umpires: Costello, Goeckel, Moore, and Conlin|
William P. "Plunk" Drake (June 8, 1895 – October 30, 1977) was a Negro league baseball pitcher.
Drake pitched for top Negro league teams between 1920 and 1927, primarily remembered for his time with the Kansas City Monarchs, participating in two Colored World Series in 1924 and 1925. He gained his nickname from his propensity for pitching inside to batters and his willingness to hit batters who crowded the plate. He claimed to have taught Satchel Paige his famous hesitation pitch, though credit is usually given to Bill Gatewood.Bill McCall (baseball)
William L. McCall was a pitcher in Negro league baseball. He played for the Pittsburgh Keystones, Cleveland Tate Stars, Birmingham Black Barons, Kansas City Monarchs, Chicago American Giants, Indianapolis ABCs, and Detroit Stars from 1922 to 1931.Biz Mackey
James Raleigh "Biz" Mackey (July 27, 1897 – September 22, 1965) was an American catcher and manager in Negro league baseball. He played for the Indianapolis ABC's (1920–22), New York Lincoln Giants (1920), Hilldale Daisies (1923–31), Philadelphia Royal Giants (1925), Philadelphia Stars (1933–35), Washington and Baltimore Elite Giants (1936–39), and Newark Dodgers/Eagles (1935, 1939–41, 1945–47, 1950).
Mackey came to be regarded as black baseball's premier catcher in the late 1920s and early 1930s. His superior defense and outstanding throwing arm were complemented by batting skill which placed him among the Negro leagues' all-time leaders in total bases, RBIs and slugging percentage, while hitting .322 for his career. Mackey was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in 2006.Cliff Bell
Clifford W. "Cliff" Bell (July 2, 1896 – April 13, 1952) was an American pitcher in Negro League baseball. He played for the Kansas City Monarchs, Memphis Red Sox, and Cleveland Cubs from 1921 to 1931.Bell was described as a "quiet" man, who rarely spoke to his teammates. His best pitch was reportedly the screwball, and he was normally used as a middle reliever.Clint Thomas
Clinton Cyrus "Hawk" Thomas (November 25, 1896 – December 2, 1990) was a professional baseball player born in Greenup, Kentucky. He was an outfielder and second baseman in the Negro leagues from 1920 to 1938, where he earned the nickname "Hawk" for his sharp-eyed hitting and center field skills.Frank Duncan (baseball, born 1901)
Frank Duncan (born February 14, 1901 in Kansas City, Missouri – December 4, 1973 in Kansas City, Missouri) was a baseball player in the Negro Leagues from 1920 to 1948. He was primarily a catcher for the Kansas City Monarchs, handling their pitching staff from 1921 through 1934 as the team won five pennants between 1923 and 1931. While playing part-time, he managed the Monarchs to two pennants in 1942 and 1946. He caught two no-hitters with the Monarchs, in 1923 and 1929.Frank Warfield
Francis Xavier Warfield (April 26, 1897 – July 24, 1932) was an infielder and manager in the Negro leagues.George Sweatt
George Alexander "Sharky" Sweatt (December 7, 1893 – July 19, 1983) was an American second baseman in Negro league baseball. He played for the Kansas City Monarchs and Chicago American Giants from 1922 to 1927.Hilldale Club
The Hilldale Athletic Club (informally known as Darby Daisies) were an African American professional baseball team based in Darby, Pennsylvania, west of Philadelphia.
Established as a boys team in 1910, the Hilldales were developed by their early manager, then owner Ed Bolden to be one of the powerhouse Negro league baseball teams. They won the first three Eastern Colored League pennants beginning in 1923 and in 1925 won the second Colored World Series. Hall of Fame player Judy Johnson was a Hilldale regular for most its professional era with twelve seasons in fifteen years 1918–1932.
Pitcher Phil Cockrell played for Hilldale throughout those years.
Oscar Charleston, Biz Mackey, Louis Santop, Chaney White, and Jesse "Nip" Winters were also important Hilldale players in the 1920s.Hurley McNair
Hurley Allen McNair (born October 28, 1888 in Marshall, Texas - December 2, 1948 in Kansas City, Missouri) was a baseball player in the Negro Leagues and the Pre-Negro Leagues.
At the age of 21, he was pitching for the Minneapolis Keystones. He left the Keystones halfway through the 1911 season and went to play for the Chicago Giants.
He played outfield and pitcher and played from 1911–1937, mostly playing for teams in Chicago and Kansas City, Missouri. After his playing career ended, he also umpired in the Negro American League, including one game of the 1942 Colored World Series.
McNair died in Kansas City, Missouri on December 2, 1948, at the age of 60. He is buried at the Highland Cemetery in Kansas City, Missouri.Judy Johnson
William Julius "Judy" Johnson (October 26, 1899 – June 15, 1989) was an American professional third baseman and manager whose career in Negro league baseball spanned 17 seasons, from 1921 to 1937. Slight of build, Johnson never developed as a power threat but achieved his greatest success as a contact hitter and an intuitive defenseman. Johnson is regarded as one of the greatest third basemen of the Negro leagues. In 1975, he was elected into the Baseball Hall of Fame after being nominated by the Negro Leagues Committee.
From 1921 to 1929, Johnson was a member of the Hilldale Daisies ball club and became an on-the-field leader respected for his professional disposition. His consistent swing and fielding prowess helped the Daisies win three straight pennants in the Eastern Colored League and the 1925 Colored World Series. After serving as a player manager for the Homestead Grays followed by the Daisies in the early 1930s, Johnson signed with the Pittsburgh Crawfords; as a part of the vaunted Crawford line-up of 1935, Johnson contributed to a team widely considered the greatest in Negro league history. He retired in 1937 after a short second stint with the Grays.
Following his retirement from baseball as a player, Johnson became a scout for Major League Baseball teams. He was hired as an assistant coach by the Philadelphia Athletics in 1954, becoming one of the first African Americans signed to a coaching position on a major league ball club. In his later years, Johnson served on the Negro Leagues Committee and stepped down in 1975 to accept his hall of fame nomination. He suffered a stroke in 1988 and died a year later.Lemuel Hawkins
Lemuel Hawkins (October 2, 1895 – August 10, 1934) was an American first baseman in Negro league baseball. He played for the Kansas City Monarchs, Chicago Giants and Chicago American Giants from 1921 to 1928. He was 5'10" and weighed 185 pounds.Louis Santop
Louis Santop Loftin (January 17, 1890 – January 22, 1942) was an African-American baseball catcher in the Negro leagues. He became "one of the earliest superstars" and "black baseball's first legitimate home-run slugger" (Riley), and was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in 2006.Newt Joseph
Walter Lee "Newt" Joseph (October 27, 1896 – January 18, 1953) was an American third baseman and manager in Negro league baseball. Born in Birmingham, Alabama, Joseph played most of his career for J. L. Wilkinson and the Kansas City Monarchs franchise.
When the Monarchs' train stopped on the way to Dallas for Spring training in 1923, it was said 200 fans in Muskogee were there after midnight to cheer the team. They picked up and carried Joseph from his berth on the train and "presented him with a handsome present." Joseph played among and against many of baseball's greats, including Hall of Famers Satchel Paige, José Méndez, Bullet Rogan, and pre-Negro league stars like John Donaldson, and "Big" Bill Gatewood.
A Utah paper called him one of the best third baseman in history, (part of J. L. Wilkinson's Kansas City Monarchs' publicity newspaper copy), and also called him "the noisiest coach in baseball." Joseph died at the age of 56, and is buried at the Highland Cemetery in Kansas City, Missouri.Nip Winters
James Henry "Jesse" "Nip" Winters, Jr. (1899 in Washington, D.C. – December 1971 in Hockessin, Delaware) was a pitcher in Negro league baseball, playing for many top eastern teams from 1920 to 1933, and considered one of the top left-handed pitchers of his day.
At age 53, Winters received votes listing him on the 1952 Pittsburgh Courier player-voted poll of the Negro Leagues' best players ever.Oscar Johnson (baseball)
Oscar "Heavy" Johnson (1895–1960) was a baseball player in the Negro Leagues. He played catcher and outfielder. Johnson was one of the Negro League's foremost power hitters in the 1920s, reportedly weighing 250 pounds, and known for hitting home runs. Longtime MLB umpire Jocko Conlan once said that Johnson "could hit a ball out of any park."Johnson was part of the all-black 25th Infantry Wreckers, a teammate of other future Negro Leaguers including Bullet Rogan, Lemuel Hawkins, and Dobie Moore. He briefly played for the St. Louis Giants in 1920 while on Army furlough, hitting .300 in 3 games, but did not join the Negro Leagues until his discharge in 1922. In his rookie season with the Kansas City Monarchs, Johnson batted .406, and posted a .345 average in the Cuban winter league. Johnson won a retroactive triple crown in 1923 with a .406 batting average, 20 home runs and 120 RBI in 98 games. Johnson was also the first member of the Monarchs to hit a home run at the new Kansas City Municipal Stadium. Johnson was credited with more than 60 home runs against all opposition in 1924, and batted .296 in the 1924 Colored World Series, which was won by the Monarchs. Johnson then moved to the Baltimore Black Sox, where he posted averages of .345 and .337 in his 2 seasons with the club. In 1927, with the Harrisburg Giants, Johnson hit .316, teaming with John Beckwith and Oscar Charleston. Johnson split the 1928 season between the Cleveland Tigers and the Memphis Red Sox, posting a .315 average overall.Former pitcher Bill "Plunk" Drake said that Johnson was once sleeping on the bench when he was awoken and told to pinch-hit; he grabbed a fungo bat and hit a home run. Despite Johnson's weight, he was described as a "remarkably fast runner for his bulk." He was also described as temperamental and moody, one of the "nasty boys". Johnson finished his career in 1933 with a .337 lifetime batting average.Otto Briggs
Otto "Mirror" Briggs (April 7, 1891 – October 28, 1943) was an American baseball outfielder in the Negro Leagues.
He played from 1915 to 1934, playing mostly with the Hilldale Club and the Bacharach Giants.Red Ryan (baseball)
Merven John "Red" Ryan (July 11, 1897 – August, 1969) was an American baseball pitcher in the Negro Leagues. He played from 1919 to 1932 with several teams, playing mostly with the Hilldale Club.Scrip Lee
Holsey Scranton Scriptus Lee, Sr. (January 29, 1899 – February 13, 1974) was an African-American baseball pitcher in the Negro Leagues. He played from 1921 to 1934 with several teams. He was nicknamed both Scrip and Script.Before his Negro Leagues career, Lee served in the National Guard, fighting against Pancho Villa's forces at the Mexican border in 1916. He also served in the 372nd Infantry during World War I, earning two battle stars and a Purple Heart.
Kansas City Monarchs 1924 Colored World Series Champions