1923 NFL season

The 1923 NFL season was the fourth regular season of the National Football League. For the first time, all of the clubs that were considered to be part of the NFL fielded teams. The new teams that entered the league included the Duluth Kelleys, the St. Louis All Stars (which only lasted one season), and a new Cleveland Indians team. The Evansville Crimson Giants folded from the league.

The Canton Bulldogs repeated as NFL Champions after ending the season with an 11–0–1 record.

1923 National Football League season
Regular season
DurationSeptember 30 – December 16, 1923
ChampionsCanton Bulldogs


NFL standings
Canton Bulldogs 11 0 1 1.000 246 19 W5
Chicago Bears 9 2 1 .818 123 35 W1
Green Bay Packers 7 2 1 .778 85 34 W5
Milwaukee Badgers 7 2 3 .778 100 49 W1
Cleveland Indians 3 1 3 .750 52 49 L1
Chicago Cardinals 8 4 0 .667 161 56 L1
Duluth Kelleys 4 3 0 .571 35 33 L3
Buffalo All-Americans 5 4 3 .556 94 43 L1
Columbus Tigers 5 4 1 .556 119 35 L1
Toledo Maroons 3 3 2 .500 35 66 L1
Racine Legion 4 4 2 .500 86 76 W1
Rock Island Independents 2 3 3 .400 84 62 L1
Minneapolis Marines 2 5 2 .286 48 81 L1
St. Louis All-Stars 1 4 2 .200 25 74 L1
Hammond Pros 1 5 1 .167 14 59 L4
Akron Pros 1 6 0 .143 25 74 W1
Dayton Triangles 1 6 1 .143 16 95 L2
Oorang Indians 1 10 0 .091 50 257 W1
Louisville Brecks 0 3 0 .000 0 90 L3
Rochester Jeffersons 0 4 0 .000 6 141 L4

Note: Tie games were not officially counted in the standings until 1972.



  • NFL Record and Fact Book (ISBN 1-932994-36-X)
  • NFL History 1921–1930 (Last accessed December 4, 2005)
  • Total Football: The Official Encyclopedia of the National Football League (ISBN 0-06-270174-6)
1923 All-Pro Team

The 1923 All-Pro Team consists of American football players chosen by various selectors as the best players at their positions for the All-Pro team of the National Football League (NFL) for the 1923 NFL season. Tackle Pete Henry of the Canton Bulldogs and quarterback Paddy Driscoll of the Chicago Cardinals were the only two players unanimously selected as first-team All-Pros by all known selectors. Two African-American players won All-Pro honors: ends Inky Williams of the Hammond Pros and Duke Slater of the Rock Island Independents.

Ad Wenke

Adolph Eilert "Ad" Wenke (January 22, 1898 – March 3, 1961) was a player in the National Football League and a state supreme court justice in the state of Nebraska. Of German ancestry, Wenke played college football for the Nebraska Cornhuskers. He played with the Milwaukee Badgers during the 1923 NFL season.

Ed Rate

Edwin Schellhase Rate (May 27, 1899 – March 31, 1990) was a blocking back who played in the National Football League. He was a member of the Milwaukee Badgers during the 1923 NFL season.

Grover Malone

John Grover Malone (November 12, 1895 – December 11, 1950) was a player in the National Football League.

Johnny Milton

John William "Johnny" Milton (November 11, 1898 – May 16, 1949) was an American football player who played professionally in the National Football League (NFL). He split the 1923 NFL season between the Milwaukee Badgers and the St. Louis All-Stars before playing the following season with the Kansas City Blues.

Marv Mattox

Marvin Bruce "Monk" Mattox (February 11, 1899 – May 5, 1956) was an American football player, coach and official. He was also an oil company distributor.

Paddy Driscoll

John Leo "Paddy" Driscoll (January 11, 1895 – June 29, 1968) was an American football and baseball player and football coach. A triple-threat man in football, he was regarded as the best drop kicker and one of the best overall players in the early years of the National Football League (NFL). He was inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame in 1965 and the College Football Hall of Fame in 1974.

Driscoll played college football as a quarterback and halfback for the Northwestern football team in 1915 and 1916. In 1917, he played Major League Baseball as an infielder for the Chicago Cubs. He joined the United States Navy during World War I and played for the undefeated 1918 Great Lakes Navy football team that won the 1919 Rose Bowl.

Driscoll played professional football as a quarterback and halfback for the Hammond All-Stars (1917), Hammond Pros (1919), Racine/Chicago Cardinals (1920–1925), and Chicago Bears (1926–1929). He was the NFL's first All-Pro quarterback and its leading scorer in 1923 and 1926. He also led the 1925 Chicago Cardinals to an NFL championship and was selected in 1969 for the NFL 1920s All-Decade Team.

Driscoll also worked for many years as a football coach. He was the head coach of Chicago Cardinals from 1920 to 1922 and at Marquette from 1937 to 1940. He spent the last 28 years of his life with the Chicago Bears as an assistant coach (1941–1955), head coach (1956–1957), and later as the director of the Bears' research and planning unit.

Roy Vassau

Roy E. Vassau (December 12, 1893–July 23, 1944) was a player in the National Football League. He was a member of the Milwaukee Badgers during the 1923 NFL season.

Russ Blailock

William Russell Blailock, Jr. was an American football player in the National Football League. He first played with the Milwaukee Badgers during the 1923 NFL season. After a year away from the NFL, he played with the Akron Pros during the 1925 NFL season. He died of a heart attack in 1972.

Saint Louis

Saint Louis, Saint-Louis or St. Louis may refer to a number of things, the great majority named after Saint Louis IX (1214–1270), a King of France and Catholic saint, and including the American city of St. Louis.

Sports in St. Louis

The city of St. Louis, Missouri, in the United States is home to a number of professional and collegiate sports teams. The Sporting News rated St. Louis the nation's "Best Sports City" in 2000. and The Wall Street Journal named it the best sports city in 2015.St. Louis has two major league sports teams. The St. Louis Cardinals, one of the oldest franchises in Major League Baseball (MLB), have won 11 World Series, second only to the New York Yankees' 27. One of their titles was played against the old cross-city rival St. Louis Browns in 1944. The St. Louis Blues of the National Hockey League (NHL) appeared in three Stanley Cup finals from 1968 to 1970, and made 25 consecutive playoff appearances from 1979–80 to 2003–04.

St. Louis also has an extensive history in soccer, contributing at least one participant to each FIFA World Cup contested by the United States men's team. The city is also the birthplace of corkball.

Walter Lingo

Walter Lingo (October 12, 1890 – December 31, 1966) was an Airedale Terrier breeder from La Rue, Ohio. During the 1920s, he owned the Oorang Dog Kennels. As a way of promoting his kennels, Lingo financed a National Football League franchise, called the Oorang Indians in 1922.

Ward Meese

Ward King Meese (March 9, 1897 – January 23, 1968) was a player in the National Football League. He played with the Milwaukee Badgers during the 1922 NFL season and the St. Louis All-Stars during the 1923 NFL season before being a member of the Hammond Pros for the following two seasons. He also played for the Decatur Staleys while playing college football at the same time, playing Saturdays he would get on a train and play for Decatur on Sundays. The Staleys became the Chicago Bears shortly after he retired. His family included his son Robert Meese who had four children and seven grandchildren. His son Andy Meese played semi-pro football for the Wabash Express before a shoulder injury.

1923 NFL season
Early era
Modern era

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