1922 World Series

In the 1922 World Series, the New York Giants defeated the New York Yankees in five games (four games to none with one tie; starting this year the World Series was again best-of-seven). By now, the term "World Series" was being used frequently, as opposed to "World's Series". As with the 1921 World Series, every game was played at the Polo Grounds because it housed both teams, with the home team alternating; it was also the Yankees' final season at the Polo Grounds, as they would move into the then-under construction Yankee Stadium for the 1923 season, which ended in them winning the rematch.

The Giants pitched around Babe Ruth and scored just enough runs to win each of the games outside the controversial Game 2 tie. That game was called on account of darkness, but many thought there was sufficient light to have played some more innings (the sun was still in the sky), and there were some suspicions that one or both teams might have "allowed" the tie to happen to increase the overall gate receipts. Commissioner Landis was among those who was dissatisfied with the result. One story is that Landis asked Umpire Hildebrand, "Why the Sam Hill did you call the game?" The umpire answered, "There was a temporary haze on the field." The game decision was in the hands of the umpires, but the Commissioner's Office controlled the gate receipts. Landis ordered the money, more than $120,000, turned over to World War I charities, thus nullifying any impropriety. The tied game would turn out to be the third (and final) tied game in the history of the World Series. The other two tied games occurred in 1907 and 1912. No ties are possible under later rules, which allow for suspension of a tied game and resumption of it at a later date, as with Game 5 of the 2008 World Series.

This would prove to be Giants' manager John McGraw's third and final World Series win.

1922 World Series
No Known Restrictions World Series at the Polo Grounds, NY, October 4, 1922, Bain Collection (LOC) (453437813)
Crowd at the Polo Grounds for Game 1
Team (Wins) Manager(s) Season
New York Giants (4) John McGraw 93–61, .604, GA: 7
New York Yankees (0) Miller Huggins 94–60, .610, GA: 1
DatesOctober 4–8
UmpiresBill Klem (NL), George Hildebrand (AL), Barry McCormick (NL), Brick Owens (AL)
Hall of FamersUmpire: Bill Klem
Giants: John McGraw (mgr.), Dave Bancroft, Frankie Frisch, George Kelly, Casey Stengel‡, Ross Youngs.
Yankees: Miller Huggins (mgr.), Frank Baker, Babe Ruth, Waite Hoyt.
‡ elected as a manager.
Broadcast
RadioSeries coverage was carried by Westinghouse Broadcasting and available to any commercially operated radio station.
Radio announcersGrantland Rice and W. O. McGeehan
World Series

Summary

A program from the 1922 World Series.

NL New York Giants (4) vs. AL New York Yankees (0)

Game Date Score Location Time Attendance 
1 October 4 New York Yankees – 2, New York Giants – 3 Polo Grounds 2:08 36,514[1] 
2 October 5 New York Giants – 3, New York Yankees – 3 (10 innings) Polo Grounds 2:40 37,020[2] 
3 October 6 New York Yankees – 0, New York Giants – 3 Polo Grounds 1:48 37,630[3] 
4 October 7 New York Giants – 4, New York Yankees – 3 Polo Grounds 1:41 36,242[4] 
5 October 8 New York Yankees – 3, New York Giants – 5 Polo Grounds 2:00 38,551[5]

Matchups

Game 1

Wednesday, October 4, 1922 2:00 pm (ET) at Polo Grounds in Manhattan, New York
Team 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 R H E
New York (AL) 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 2 7 0
New York (NL) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 X 3 11 3
WP: Rosy Ryan (1–0)   LP: Bullet Joe Bush (0–1)

The game and Series remained scoreless until the sixth inning. Whitey Witt tripled, then was cut down at home trying to score on a fielder's choice, but a Babe Ruth hit got the run home. A three-run Giant rally in the eighth knocked out Yankee starter Bullet Joe Bush, with the winning run coming off reliever Waite Hoyt on a Ross Youngs sacrifice fly.

Game 2

Thursday, October 5, 1922 2:00 pm (ET) at Polo Grounds in Manhattan, New York
Team 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 R H E
New York (NL) 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 8 1
New York (AL) 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 3 8 0
Home runs:
NYG: Irish Meusel (1)
NYY: Aaron Ward (1)

This was the controversial tie (see above). Pitchers Bob Shawkey and Jesse Barnes went all 10 innings. The Yankees had tied the game in the eighth on doubles by Babe Ruth and Bob Meusel, but that's the way the game ended.

Game 3

Friday, October 6, 1922 2:00 pm (ET) at Polo Grounds in Manhattan, New York
Team 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 R H E
New York (AL) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 1
New York (NL) 0 0 2 0 0 0 1 0 X 3 12 1
WP: Jack Scott (1–0)   LP: Waite Hoyt (0–1)

Knuckleballer Jack Scott kept the Yankees off the board. His own single sparked a two-run third inning for the Giants, who added an insurance run in the seventh on Frankie Frisch's RBI single. The game took just 1 hour, 48 minutes.

Game 4

Saturday, October 7, 1922 2:00 pm (ET) at Polo Grounds in Manhattan, New York
Team 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 R H E
New York (NL) 0 0 0 0 4 0 0 0 0 4 9 1
New York (AL) 2 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 3 8 0
WP: Hugh McQuillan (1–0)   LP: Carl Mays (0–1)
Home runs:
NYG: None
NYY: Aaron Ward (2)

This contest moved along even faster than Game 3. It was over in a snappy 1:41, with Giants pitcher Hugh McQuillan going the distance for a 4-3 win. Dave Bancroft's two-run single in the fifth was the key hit.

Game 5

Sunday, October 8, 1922 2:00 pm (ET) at Polo Grounds in Manhattan, New York
Team 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 R H E
New York (AL) 1 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 3 5 0
New York (NL) 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 3 X 5 10 0
WP: Art Nehf (1–0)   LP: Bullet Joe Bush (0–2)

Art Nehf's five-hit pitching combined with a three-run eighth inning won the Series for the Giants. The decisive rally began with a Heinie Groh single and Frankie Frisch double. After an intentional walk to Ross Youngs, a two-run single by High Pockets Kelly put the Giants on top. Next batter Lee King, inserted in the outfield that inning for defensive purposes, delivered an RBI single to make it 5-3, and that's how it ended.

This is the last World Series the Giants won at home. Their championships of 1933 and 1954 (for New York) and 2010, 2012 and 2014 (for San Francisco) all came as the visiting team.

Composite line score

1922 World Series (4–0–1): New York Giants (N.L.) over New York Yankees (A.L.)

Team 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 R H E
New York Giants 3 2 2 0 4 0 1 6 0 0 18 50 6
New York Yankees 4 0 0 1 1 1 3 1 0 0 11 32 1
Total attendance: 185,957   Average attendance: 37,191
Winning player's share: $4,546   Losing player's share: $2,843[6]

Notes

  1. ^ "1922 World Series Game 1 – New York Yankees vs. New York Giants". Retrosheet. Retrieved September 13, 2009.
  2. ^ "1922 World Series Game 2 – New York Giants vs. New York Yankees". Retrosheet. Retrieved September 13, 2009.
  3. ^ "1922 World Series Game 3 – New York Yankees vs. New York Giants". Retrosheet. Retrieved September 13, 2009.
  4. ^ "1922 World Series Game 4 – New York Giants vs. New York Yankees". Retrosheet. Retrieved September 13, 2009.
  5. ^ "1922 World Series Game 5 – New York Yankees vs. New York Giants". Retrosheet. Retrieved September 13, 2009.
  6. ^ "World Series Gate Receipts and Player Shares". Baseball Almanac. Retrieved June 14, 2009.

References

  • Cohen, Richard M.; Neft, David S. (1990). The World Series: Complete Play-By-Play of Every Game, 1903–1989. New York: St. Martin's Press. pp. 93–96. ISBN 0-312-03960-3.
  • Reichler, Joseph (1982). The Baseball Encyclopedia (5th ed.). Macmillan Publishing. p. 2130. ISBN 0-02-579010-2.

External links

1922 New York Giants season

The 1922 New York Giants season was the franchise's 40th season. The team finished in first place in the National League with a 93-61 record. The Giants won their second consecutive World Series, defeating the New York Yankees in five games (Game 2 was a 3-3 tie) without a loss.

1922 New York Yankees season

The 1922 New York Yankees season was the 20th season for the Yankees in New York and their 22nd overall. The team finished with a record of 94 wins and 60 losses, to win their second pennant in franchise history, by a single game over the St. Louis Browns. New York was managed by Miller Huggins. Their home games were played at the Polo Grounds.

In the 1922 World Series, the Yankees again lost to their landlords, the New York Giants, 4 games to none with one tied game. The final game of the Series was also the Yankees' final game as a tenant in the Polo Grounds. During the season, they had begun construction of their new home, Yankee Stadium, which would open in 1923.

1923 World Series

In the 1923 World Series, the New York Yankees beat the New York Giants in six games. This would be the first of the Yankees' 27 World Series championships (as of 2018). The series was not played in a 2–3–2 format: as with the previous two Series (where both clubs had shared the Polo Grounds) the home field alternated each game, though this time it involved switching ballparks, as the first Yankee Stadium had opened this season.

1944 World Series

The 1944 World Series was an all-St. Louis World Series, matching the St. Louis Cardinals and St. Louis Browns at Sportsman's Park. It marked the third and final time in World Series history in which both teams had the same home field (the other two being the 1921 and 1922 World Series in the Polo Grounds in New York City).

1944 saw perhaps the nadir of 20th-century baseball, as the long-moribund St. Louis Browns won their only American League pennant. The pool of talent was depleted by the draft to the point that in 1945 (but not 1944), as the military scraped deeper and deeper into the ranks of the possibly eligible, the Browns actually used a one-armed player, Pete Gray. Some of the players were 4-Fs, rejected by the military due to physical defects or limitations that precluded duty. Others divided their time between factory work in defense industries and baseball, some being able to play ball only on weekends. Some players avoided the draft by chance, despite being physically able to serve. Stan Musial of the Cardinals was one. Musial, enlisting in early 1945, missed one season. He rejoined the Cardinals in 1946.

As both teams called Sportsman's Park home, the traditional 2–3–2 home field assignment was used (instead of the wartime 3–4). The Junior World Series of that same year, partly hosted in Baltimore's converted football stadium, easily outdrew the "real" Series and attracted attention to Baltimore as a potential major league city. Ten years later, the Browns transferred there and became the Orioles. Another all-Missouri World Series was played 41 years later, with the Kansas City Royals defeating the Cardinals in seven games.

The Series was also known as the "Trolley Series", "Streetcar Series", or the "St. Louis Showdown." Coincidentally, this World Series was played the same year Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer released the musical film Meet Me in St. Louis. It remains one of two World Series played that featured two teams from the same city other than New York; the other was the 1906 World Series between the two Chicago teams. The 1989 World Series featured two teams from the San Francisco metropolitan area, but not the same city.

This is the only world series to date to not have either team credited with a stolen base.

1954 World Series

The 1954 World Series matched the National League champion New York Giants against the American League champion Cleveland Indians. The Giants swept the Series in four games to win their first championship since 1933, defeating the heavily favored Indians, who had won an AL-record 111 games in the regular season (a record since broken by the 1998 New York Yankees with 114 and again by the 2001 Seattle Mariners with 116, tying the 1906 Chicago Cubs for the most wins in a season). The Series is perhaps best-remembered for "The Catch", a sensational running catch made by Giants center fielder Willie Mays in Game 1, snaring a long drive by Vic Wertz near the outfield wall with his back to the infield. It is also remembered for utility player Dusty Rhodes' clutch hitting in three of the four games, including his pinch walk-off "Chinese home run" that won Game 1, barely clearing the 258-foot (79 m) right-field fence at the Polo Grounds. Giants manager Leo Durocher, who had managed teams to three National League championships, won his first and only World Series title as a manager. The Giants, who would move west to become the San Francisco Giants, would not win a World Series again until the 2010 season.

This was the first time that the Indians had been swept in a World Series and the first time that the Giants had swept an opponent in four games (their 1922 World Series sweep included a controversial tie game). Game 2 was the last World Series and playoff game at the Polo Grounds, and Game 4 was the last World Series and playoff game at Cleveland Stadium. The Indians would be kept out of the World Series until 1995, a year after Jacobs Field opened.

1963 World Series

The 1963 World Series matched the two-time defending champion New York Yankees against the Los Angeles Dodgers, with the Dodgers sweeping the Series in four games to capture their second title in five years, and their third in franchise history. Starting pitchers Sandy Koufax, Don Drysdale, and Johnny Podres, and ace reliever Ron Perranoski combined to give up only four runs in four games. The dominance of the Dodgers pitchers was so complete that at no point in any of the four games did the Yankees have the lead. New York was held to a .171 team batting average, the lowest ever for the Yankees in the post-season.

This was the first time that the Yankees were swept in a World Series in four staight (the 1922 World Series had one tie).

Of the Los Angeles Dodgers four World Series championships since the opening of Dodger Stadium, this was the only one won at Dodger Stadium. Also, of the six championships from the Dodgers franchise, it remains the only one won at home.

This series was also the first meeting between teams from New York City and Los Angeles for a major professional sports championship. Seven more such meetings have followed with three more times each in the World Series and the NBA Finals, and the 2014 Stanley Cup Final.

Bill Cunningham (outfielder)

William Aloysius Cunningham (July 30, 1894 in San Francisco, California – September 26, 1953 in Colusa, California), was a Major League Baseball player who played outfielder from 1921-1924. He would play for the Boston Braves and New York Giants.

Cunningham's two-run single in the second inning of the 1922 World Series' final game sparked the Giants to a 5-3 victory over the New York Yankees at the Polo Grounds and the championship. A year later, a Cunningham hit in the final game of the 1923 World Series put the Giants on top, but the Yankees rallied to win it.

He played just four seasons in the majors overall, getting 270 hits in 945 at-bats and batting .286. He compiled 9 home runs and 112 RBI. In eight World Series games, he hit only .176 (3-17) with three RBI.

Carmen Hill

Carmen Proctor Hill (October 1, 1895 – January 1, 1990) born in Royalton, Minnesota, was a pitcher for the Pittsburgh Pirates (1915–16, 1918–19 and 1926–29), New York Giants (1922) and St. Louis Cardinals (1929–30).

He helped the Giants win the 1922 World Series, the Pirates win the 1927 National League Pennant and the Cardinals win the 1930 NL Pennant.

Hill finished 23rd in voting for the 1927 National League MVP for having a 22–11 win–loss record, 43 Games, 31 games started, 22 complete games, 2 shutouts, 7 games finished, 3 saves, ​277 2⁄3 innings pitched, 260 hits allowed, 100 earned runs, 80 walks, 95 strikeouts, and a 3.24 ERA.

In 10 seasons he had a 49–33 win–loss record, 147 games, 85 games started, 47 complete games, 5 shutouts, 34 games finished, 8 saves, 787 innings pitched, 769 hits allowed, 301 earned runs allowed, 38 home runs allowed, 267 walks, 264 strikeouts, and a 3.44 ERA. In addition, Hill won 202 minor league games over 14 seasons with 7 teams.

Hill was a screwball pitcher.Hill died in Indianapolis, Indiana at the age of 94.

Dave Robertson

Davis Aydelotte Robertson (September 25, 1889 – November 5, 1970) was an American professional baseball player. He was an outfielder over parts of nine seasons with the New York Giants, Chicago Cubs, and Pittsburgh Pirates.

Robertson was born in Portsmouth, Virginia. He attended North Carolina State University after matriculating at Maury High School and Norfolk Academy.

In 1916 and 1917, he tied for the National League lead in home runs (with Cy Williams and Gavvy Cravath, respectively) while playing for New York. The short-distanced right field fence at the Polo Grounds was a frequent target of long drives hit by Robertson and his Giants' teammate, Benny Kauff. Their hits to right field became so much of an issue that National League officials convened following the 1916 baseball season. Baseball officials decided to amend Rule #1, which read the shortest distance from a fence or stand on fair territory to the home base should be 235 feet. The amendment to the rule changed the shortest distance from a stand or fence to 270 feet.Robertson played for the Giants in the 1917 World Series against the Chicago White Sox, his 11 hits leading the team in the Series in a losing cause. A member of the Giants during the 1922 season, he did not make an appearance in the 1922 World Series. The champion Giants swept all four games of that Series from their crosstown rival New York Yankees.

In a nine-year major-league career, Robertson posted a .287 batting average (812-2830) with 366 runs, 47 home runs and 364 RBI in 804 games played. His on-base percentage was .318 and slugging percentage was .409. He surpassed the .300 batting mark three times. On September 14,1920, he went 5-5 as a member of the Cubs. On August 19, 1921, he had 8 RBI in a game as a member of the Pirates. Eleven days later, on August 30, he hit for the cycle.

Robertson died at the age of 81 in Virginia Beach, Virginia.

Giants–Yankees rivalry

The Giants–Yankees rivalry is a Major League Baseball rivalry between the San Francisco Giants of the National League and the New York Yankees of the American League. It was particularly intense when both teams not only inhabited New York City but also, for a time, the same ball park. During that era the opportunities for them to meet could only have been in a World Series. Both teams kicked off the first Subway Series between the two leagues in 1921.

History of the New York Giants (baseball)

The San Francisco Giants of Major League Baseball originated in New York City as the New York Gothams in 1883 and were known as the New York Giants from 1885 until the team relocated to San Francisco after the 1957 season. During most of their 75 seasons in New York City, the Giants played home games at various incarnations of the Polo Grounds in Upper Manhattan.

Numerous inductees of the National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum in Cooperstown, New York played for the New York Giants, including John McGraw, Mel Ott, Bill Terry, Willie Mays, Monte Irvin, and Travis Jackson. During the club's tenure in New York, it won five of the franchise's eight World Series wins and 17 of its 23 National League pennants. Famous moments in the Giants' New York history include the 1922 World Series, in which the Giants swept the Yankees in four games, the 1951 home run known as the "Shot Heard 'Round the World", and the defensive feat by Willie Mays during the first game of the 1954 World Series known as "the Catch".

The Giants had intense rivalries with their fellow New York teams the New York Yankees and the Brooklyn Dodgers, facing the Yankees in six World Series and playing the league rival Dodgers multiple times per season. Games between any two of these three teams were known collectively as the Subway Series. The rivalry with the Dodgers continues to be played as the Dodgers joined the Giants in moving also to along the Pacific Ocean on the West Coast in California after the 1957 season when they relocated to Los Angeles. The New York Giants of the National Football League are named after the team.

Home Run Baker

John Franklin "Home Run" Baker (March 13, 1886 – June 28, 1963) was an American professional baseball player. A third baseman, Baker played in Major League Baseball from 1908 to 1922, for the Philadelphia Athletics and the New York Yankees. Baker has been called the "original home run king of the majors".Baker was a member of the Athletics' $100,000 infield. He helped the Athletics win the 1910, 1911 and 1913 World Series. After a contract dispute, the Athletics sold Baker to the Yankees, where he and Wally Pipp helped the Yankees' offense. Baker appeared with the Yankees in the 1921 and 1922 World Series, though the Yankees lost both series, before retiring.

Baker led the American League in home runs for four consecutive years, from 1911 through 1914. He had a batting average over .300 in six seasons, had three seasons with more than 100 runs batted in, and two seasons with over 100 runs scored. Baker's legacy has grown over the years, and he is regarded by many as one of the best power hitters of the deadball era. During his 13 years as a major league player, Baker never played a single inning at any position other than third base. Baker was elected to the National Baseball Hall of Fame by the Veterans Committee in 1955.

Jack Scott (baseball)

John William Scott (April 18, 1892 – November 30, 1959) was an American professional baseball pitcher. He played in Major League Baseball (MLB) from 1916 to 1929 for the Pittsburgh Pirates, Boston Braves, Cincinnati Reds, New York Giants, and Philadelphia Phillies.

A right-hander, Scott pitched a four-hit shutout in Game 3 of the 1922 World Series against the New York Yankees, and he and the Giants went on to win the championship. Scott started one game of the 1923 World Series against the Yankees as well.

He was a knuckleball pitcher and workhorse, leading the league in games pitched three times, including 50 appearances on the mound in 1926.

Scott started both ends of a doubleheader on June 19, 1927 for the Phillies, beating the Reds in the opener 3-1, dropping the nightcap 3-0. He threw complete games in each, allowing just four runs and one walk.

He finished his career with a record of 103-109.

Scott was a very good hitter as pitchers go. His 187 career hits included five home runs and four triples, with a batting average of .275.

Lee King (outfielder, born 1892)

Edward Lee King (December 26, 1892 – September 16, 1967) was an American professional baseball outfielder. He played in Major League Baseball (MLB) from 1916 to 1922 for the Pittsburgh Pirates, New York Giants, and Philadelphia Phillies.

King drove in the final run of the 1922 World Series for his victorious team, the Giants. It came in his only at-bat in a World Series game.

He had 294 hits in a seven-year career, with a batting average of .247.

Another outfielder with exactly the same name, Edward Lee King, born two years later, also played Major League Baseball, both men going by their middle names, Lee.

List of World Series champions

The World Series is the annual championship series of Major League Baseball (MLB) and concludes the MLB postseason. First played in 1903, the World Series championship is determined through a best-of-seven playoff and is a contest between the champions of baseball's National League (NL) and American League (AL). Often referred to as the "Fall Classic", the modern World Series has been played every year since 1903 with two exceptions: in 1904, when the NL champion New York Giants declined to play the AL champion Boston Americans; and in 1994, when the series was canceled due to the players' strike.The best-of-seven style has been the format of all World Series except in 1903, 1919, 1920, and 1921, when the winner was determined through a best-of-nine playoff. Although the large majority of contests have been played entirely during the month of October, a small number of Series have also had games played during September and November. The Series-winning team is awarded the Commissioner's Trophy. Players, coaches and others associated with the team are generally given World Series rings to commemorate their victory; however, they have received other items such as pocket watches and medallions in the past. The winning team is traditionally invited to the White House to meet the President of the United States.

A total of 114 Series have been contested, with the NL champion winning 48 and the AL champion winning 66. The New York Yankees of the AL have played in 40 World Series through 2018—winning 27—the most Series appearances and most victories of any Major League Baseball franchise. The Los Angeles Dodgers of the NL have the most losses with 14. The St. Louis Cardinals have represented the NL 19 times, and won 11 championships, second-most among all teams and most among NL clubs. Both the Giants and the Los Angeles Dodgers have appeared in more World Series, with 20 each.

The Seattle Mariners and the Washington Nationals (formerly Montreal Expos) are the only current Major League Baseball franchises to have never appeared in a World Series; the San Diego Padres, Colorado Rockies, Texas Rangers (formerly the 1961–1971 version of the Washington Senators), Tampa Bay Rays, and Milwaukee Brewers (formerly Seattle Pilots) have all played in the Series but have never won. The Toronto Blue Jays are the only franchise from outside the United States to appear in a World Series, winning in 1992 and 1993. The Houston Astros have represented both the NL (2005) and the AL (2017), winning the Series in 2017. The current World Series champions are the Boston Red Sox.

Mahlon Higbee

Mahlon Jesse Higbee (August 16, 1901 – April 7, 1968) was a Major League Baseball outfielder who started three games for the New York Giants during the last week of the 1922 season.

The 21-year-old rookie began the season with the Hopkinsville Hoppers of the KITTY League. The Louisville, Kentucky native dominated the Class D circuit, leading the league with a .385 batting average, 161 hits and 101 runs scored. Impressed, the Giants (who had already clinched the National League pennant) brought Higbee to New York, and the kid did not disappoint, with a .400 average (4-for-10), five runs batted in and two runs scored. (Higbee's 5 RBI is the most for any MLB player who appeared in three games or fewer.) All three of Higbee's games were played at the Polo Grounds, and all were Giant victories. Higbee also socked an inside-the-park home run in what would be his final major league at bat. In the field, he played left field and right field, with two putouts and no errors.

Higbee did not play in the 1922 World Series (a victory for the Giants over the New York Yankees), and was returned to the minors. Higbee did not play at all in 1923, then spent two seasons with the Portsmouth Truckers of the Class B Virginia League, batting .273 in 153 games. After another break in 1926, Higbee returned to pro ball in 1927 with the Evansville Hubs of the Three-I League, retiring after hitting just .188 in sixteen games.

Higbee died at the age of 66 in Depauw, Indiana.

Ross Youngs

Ross Middlebrook "Pep" Youngs (April 10, 1897 – October 22, 1927) was an American professional baseball player. Nicknamed "Pep", he played ten seasons in Major League Baseball for the New York Giants from 1917 through 1926, playing right field almost exclusively. Youngs was a part of the Giants teams that won four consecutive National League pennants and the 1921 and 1922 World Series.

From Shiner, Texas, Youngs excelled at baseball and American football at the West Texas Military Institute. After beginning his professional career in minor league baseball, the Giants signed him in 1916. Youngs had a lifetime .322 batting average with the Giants and batted over .300 nine times in his career, including eight consecutive seasons. His career was cut short by illness, however, as he died at the age of 30 of Bright's disease.

Youngs was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1972 by the Veterans Committee. His election was not without controversy, however, as the Veterans Committee consisted of his former teammates, and charges of cronyism were leveled against the committee.

Subway Series

The Subway Series is a series of Major League Baseball (MLB) rivalry games played between the two teams based in New York City, the Yankees and the Mets. Previously, this applied to the Giants and Dodgers as well, before they moved out of New York City. Every historic and current venue for such games has been accessible via the New York City Subway, hence the name of the series.

The term's historic usage has been in reference to World Series games played between the city's teams. The New York Yankees have appeared in all Subway Series games as they have been the only American League (AL) team based in the city, and have compiled an 11–3 all-time series record in the 14 championship Subway Series.

Since 1997, the term Subway Series has been applied to interleague play during the regular season between the Yankees and New York City's National League (NL) team: the New York Mets. The Mets and Yankees also played each other in the 2000 World Series, in which the Yankees won.

World Series ring

A World Series ring is an award given to Major League Baseball players who win the World Series. Since only one Commissioner's Trophy is awarded to the team, a World Series ring is an individual award that players and staff of each World Series champion team get to keep for themselves to symbolize the victory. World Series rings are uniquely commissioned by the winning team each year and presented to deserving players and staff early in the next season. The rings have been made by companies that include Jostens, Tiffany & Co., Dieges & Clust, and L.G. Balfour Company.

The first World Series ring was given to members of the New York Giants after winning the 1922 World Series. By the 1930s, each winning team gave their players a ring. Though the ring started off simple, usually containing only one diamond, rings over time have become more elaborate and ornate, with the 2003 World Series ring containing over 200 diamonds.

In addition to their inherent value, World Series rings also carry additional value as sports memorabilia. A World Series ring belonging to Casey Stengel sold for $180,000. Lenny Dykstra's 1986 World Series ring sold for over $56,000 during his bankruptcy proceedings. Other rings sold in auctions have sold for over $10,000 apiece. Replica rings given to fans have sold for as much as $300.

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